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					AUSTRALIA’S NUMBER 1 FITNESS MAGAZINE




          Issue 108
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                                Fitness • Nutrition • Sport • Motivation • Health • Training • Competing
      feature                                                                                                                                                                                               feature
                                                                                                   To say I was pleased with the results would be a massive
                                                                                                   understatement. I was totally thrilled. I’ve never experienced such
                                                                                                   improvements in anything, ever! I can honestly put my hand on
                                                                                                   my heart and declare that knowing my genetic profile, and making
                                                                                                   lifestyle changes based on this knowledge, has been the most
                                                                                                   beneficial thing I have ever done for my health.

                                                                                                   Interestingly, when you mention to people the words ‘DNA’ or ‘Genetic
                                                                                                   Test’, you tend to get one of two reactions:

                                                                                                   1 Wow! That sounds really cool!
                                                                                                   2 Oh my god, I’d never do that! I wouldn’t want to know what I’m in
                                                                                                     for!

                                                                                                   For all those people who fall into the first category, you’re right,




 Designer
                                                                                                   it is really cool. However, knowing your DNA is one thing. Doing
                                                                                                   something with this knowledge is an entirely different scenario. It’s
                                                                                                   a bit like having a winning lottery ticket in your pocket and deciding
                                                                                                   whether or not to cash it in.

                                                                                                   The people in the second category are those who, with good reason
                                                                                                   or not, tend to fear the worst. They fear they might find out they have
                                                                                                   terminal cancer, for example. Unfortunately, genetic testing is not as




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                                                                                                   easy as gazing into a crystal ball. I appreciate that the genetic testing
                                                                                                   can produce anxiety, but it can just as easily produce peace of mind.

                                                                                                   Either way, both reactions suggest there is still a lot of confusion out
                                                                                                   there surrounding DNA testing.


                by Kris Abbey, B Ed (Phys Ed & Sci)                                                DNA testing is not Stem Cell Research or Genetic Modification. Nor is
                                                                                                   it a concept straight out of a science fiction novel. We’re not talking
                                                                                                   Designer Babies or Paternity Determination. Instead, it provides a
                                                            In Ultra-FIT #105, #106 and #107, I    chance to peek into the future of your health. People with a family
                                                             introduced you to the Excelgene       history of certain medical conditions can plan for their future by
                                                                GeneElite genetic test. Having     understanding their health risks.
                                                                                                                                                                                Genetic profiling is now available!
                                                                 undergone the DNA test and
                                                        subsequent fitness test,I shared with      DISCOVERING YOUR DNA

                                                            you the core elements of my DNA        There are numerous benefits to doing a DNA test. Aside from knowing
                                                             make-up and my physical fitness       your DNA make-up to best devise a training strategy that will deliver
                                                         scores. Based on these results, Ultra-    maximum results, it is also useful for your long-term health. Knowing
                                                        FIT’s resident personal trainer, Simon     what conditions you are genetically predisposed to allows you to
                                                        Stininato, devised a training program      adjust your lifestyle to reduce the risk of that condition manifesting in    GeneEliteTM is a simple test that assesses 15 key genes for:
                                                      for me. Less than 10 weeks later, I’d lost   the future. For example, since heart disease is hereditary in my family,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 n   Body Fat MetaBolisM
                                                                                                   I keep myself fit and I don’t have a diet high in saturated fats. Knowing
                                                         4kg of fat and gained 4kg of muscle.      your health blueprint allows you to be proactive, rather than reactive                   n   lean Body Mass developMent
                                                       And I increased my strength by 100%.        - when it’s often too late!                                                                          n   ReCoveRy

                                                                                                   Excelgene is a company that specialises in DNA testing for the fitness
                                                                                                                                                                                                        n   nUtRition
                                                                                                   industry.Their test identifies and assesses variations in 15 genes related
                                                                                                                                                                                  Your genetics never change regardless of age, sex or
                                                                                                   to cardiovascular health, fat metabolism, bone health, antioxidation,
                                                                                                                                                                                  current physical condition, so a GeneEliteTM test result
                                                                                                   VO² max and fitness, inflammation and recovery. The test involves a
                                                                                                                                                                                                   is applicable for life.
                                                                                                   simple cheek swab, then within several weeks you receive a report
                                                                                                   outlining the results of the assessed genes and their variations. The
                                                                                                   15 genes tested play an important role in body fat metabolism, lean
                                                                                                   body mass development, recovery and nutrition.

                                                                                                   For example, a variation in the enzyme methylene tetrahydrofolate
                                                                                                   reductase (MTHFR) gene is associated with metabolising and
                                                                                                   accumulating homocysteine in the body. High levels of homocysteine
                                                                                                   are associated with coronary heart disease, deep vein thrombosis,
                                                                                                   pulmonary embolism and stroke. So if you know you have a negative
                                                                                                   variation on the MTHFR gene, you could actually do something to                www.excelgene.com             info@excelgene.com
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minimise your chances of suffering heart disease. You would have                FINDING A GOOD TRAINER
significant incentive to cut back on saturated fats and indulge in
regular cardiovascular activity.                                                Must have current qualifications and certified in CPR and First
                                                                                Aid, at the very least.
I know you’re probably thinking everyone should be doing this,
regardless of their DNA. And you’d be right! But since not everyone             Should be members of professional fitness organisations, such
has the variation, most people need to have the evidence laid out for           as Fitnation or AIF.
them before they act.
                                                                                Must posses excellent people skills and be able to communicate
What if you knew you were prone to an illness that was lifestyle-               effectively. They should be great motivators and understand the
related? Wouldn’t you want to know NOW so that you could do                     process of change.
something before it’s too late? Hell yeah!
                                                                                Should act and look professional at all times, as well as act as a
Wouldn’t it be nice to know were you stood in regards to Endothelial            role model in mind, body and action. Do they walk the walk or
nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), which is a key enzyme involved in the             just talk the talk?
synthesis of nitric oxide? A variation in the eNOS-3 gene results in
reduced nitric oxide production. This in turn results in reduced                Must be able to work with you and have some compatibility
VO²max, lowering sporting performance. If you have this variation,              with you. They deal with delicate knowledge about you, so they
yet still aspire to run marathons, you need to know that you’re going           should be loyal and have a high level of integrity.
to have to train harder than if you didn’t have this variation.
                                                                                Help you achieve the results that you both expect.
CLEARING THE CONFUSION
                                                                                Must have an in-depth knowledge of exercise technique and
Unfortunately, DNA is synonymous with long and confusing words!                 exercise theory.
Most of us don’t have a science degree to decipher what they all mean.
(Actually, I do, and I still find it hard!), so it’s wise to find someone who   Have adequate knowledge of human physiology and nutrition.
knows what they’re talking about and who can help you through the
results in plain English. That’s where having someone like Simon is             Should have the relevant education and experience if you’re
really beneficial. He helps demystify the language and relates it in            training for a specific reason eg. improved sports performance.
simple terms for easy application. So you can cash in your lottery
ticket, so to speak!                                                            Must be responsible and dependable.

Since DNA testing within the fitness industry is still in its infancy,          Should always keep learning and stay on top of current
very few Personal Trainers currently offer this service. Simon is at the        trends. They should be teachers who aim to educate, develop
forefront of DNA testing and analysis in Australia. He is also involved         independence and empower their clients.
in training PTs in its use and applications.
                                                                                Should have a strong relationship with other medical and health




                                                                                                                                                                                                  s
Simon uses GeneElite testing for most of his clients. “It allows me to          professionals, such as Medical Doctors, Cardiologists, Registered




                                                                                                                                                                                                esed
help clients reach their goals sooner. As a Personal Trainer, it’s another      Dieticians, Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Massage




                                                                                                                                                                                            itn
service you can offer clients, while ensuring they get the results that         Therapists, Athletic Trainers, Chiropractors, Orthopaedic Doctors,




                                                                                                                                                                                          F
will keep them coming back. It’s a useful tool to have when designing           other Personal Trainers and Exercise Physiologists.
a program specific to your client’s needs. I still perform fitness tests
on all my clients, but I combine the results of those fitness tests with        Should know when to refer you to another medical professional
their DNA report to generate a highly individualised, goal-oriented             when your needs are outside their scope. ie. they shouldn’t




                                                                                                                                                                                          has evolv
diet and exercise plan. Knowing someone’s DNA takes a lot of the                provide advice that they’re not trained to give!
guesswork out of developing a suitable program, so you don’t stand
around scratching your head when a client doesn’t respond.”                     Should initially perform a full complement of fitness tests, such
                                                                                as movement screens, VO² max or sub-max testing, flexibility
If you do a DNA test, it’s imperative that you have a fully qualified           assessment, strength testing, endurance testing, body fat
professional assisting you to make the most of the results. Like every          testing, girth measurements, before and after photographs, all
industry, there are good and not-so-good trainers. You’re dealing with          depending on your individual goals. The trainer should regularly        For your nearest location visit
your most important asset - your health - so don’t put it in the hands          re-test to monitor progress.                                            www.thumpboxing.com
of someone who doesn’t know how to manage it.                                                                                                           or phone 1300 558 285
                                                                                If they offer DNA testing, ensure they offer a credible product from
One size does not fit all. To really enjoy success, I highly recommend          a reputable company and have all the relevant qualifications. Visit
you find out your DNA and have a program tailored for you. Once                 www.alltraffic.com.au for a qualified professional in this area.
you know your genetic profile, you know it for life, it doesn’t change.
The genes you have today are the ones you’ll have tomorrow. It’s
about making the most of what you’ve got, taking steps to prevent               Further Information
any disease to which you’re predisposed, and devising a more                    If you would like to be able to offer your clients DNA testing, or to
specific fitness program to maximise your training results. For a small         have a DNA test done yourself, email Simon Stininato at active@
investment, you can make a priceless change to your long-term                   alltraffic.com.au or visit www.alltraffic.com.au
health. Don’t be afraid!

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