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Sailing for Everyone

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Sailing for Everyone

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									Sailing for Everyone
                   Inclusive Coaching & Instructing




                                   WORKBOOK




 Sailing for Everyone – Inclusive Coaching & Instructing Module   1
Disability Education Program (DEP)
Participate in a DEP Module to suit your needs, and experience our interactive and fresh style of
disability education with one of our more than 70 trained and experienced presenters (both with
disabilities and able bodied). Every workshop delivers an informative and empowering
presentation that will provide you with an array of new ideas and confidence to better include
everyone in your activities.

The DEP delivers a range of workshops designed to build the necessary skills and confidence to
attract and include people with a disability in a range of sport, recreational, school and other
settings. You can also choose from a variety of resources in addition to these workshops.



                                    Module 1: Count Me In
        Provides anyone involved in the delivery of physical activity with an array of ideas
               and strategies to modify their activities to maximise participation of
                                    people with a disability.


                            Module 2: Getting Ready for School
        Focuses on the inclusion of young people with a disability into school-based sport
        and physical activity programs, showing Teachers how to modify their activities to
                            be fun yet remain challenging for everyone.


                                  Module 3: Opening Doors
          This workshop provides club administrators with the skills to develop a basic
         marketing plan to attract people with a disability, and strategies on how to retain
                                them once they’re through the door.


                                 Module 4: Play by the Rules
        This workshop provides an overview of the DDA and explores the opportunities it
       provides to make your Club, School or Association a more inclusive and welcoming
                                  environment for everyone.


                             Module 5: What is Disability Sport?
         Demystify ‘Disability Sport’ by exploring the current opportunities and trends for
          coaches, administrators and participants and gain a basic understanding of
                            Classification and the Paralympic Games.


                                Module 6: Inclusive Coaching
       Provides coaches with an understanding of how to effectively coach an athlete with
       a disability using already established good coaching practices, also deals with the
                        expectations these athletes have of their coaches.

                      Additional Module: Inclusion for Race Officials
         Provides race officers with an understanding of how to effectively include sailors
         with a disability in club racing programs. Also explains the athlete pathway and
                                 disability specific competition formats.




                                                                                               2
                                Modifying to include all
                                     You can change the…….
                                       Teaching/Coaching style
                                       Rules
                                       Equipment
                                       Environment
Some examples:
Teaching/Coaching Style                            Rules




Environment                                        Equipment




When modifying any activity, consider these points:
      Keep the integrity of the activity intact
      Keep the activity challenging, don’t make it too easy
      Involve the participants in determining if and how to modify
      Develop an understanding of the game and work towards reducing the
       modifications over time as skill and understanding improve


                                       Most importantly,
                    Only modify if and when you need to!



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                                             Case Studies

Lindy
Lindy comes from a sailing mad family and has sailed all of her life . As a result of lots of experience her
skills and knowledge of boats and sailing is good. She has just moved interstate and has just started being
coached by you. Lindy has an intellectual disability.

You are unsure of where she should compete. Should she compete against others with an intellectual
disability (and possibly be VERY successful) or should she compete in an able-bodies competition. You are
even unsure of the type and frequency of competitions specifically for sailors with a disability. Where do you
go for more information on segregated competitions? Who should you consult in order to decide where
Lindy should compete?



Brian and Cindy
Brian and Cindy are two of your sailors who compete in the Access 303 Class . They both train hard and
want desperately to improve. Both have a below-knee amputation. Cindy was born without a leg (she is 22)
while Brian lost his leg in a car accident two years ago.

Does this fact present any different coaching implications even though they are both at a similar standard?



Felix and Tom
You are the coach of sailors with a disability – both of whom use a wheelchair for mobility— Felix and Tom.
Felix has a spinal cord injury and Tom has Gillian Barre — a virus that causes paralysis which has resulted
in wheelchair use. They have both been using a wheelchair for six years and been sailing for four (at
another club).

As the coach, how much information do you need to know about each disability?

What information is really important to a coach?



Sue
Sue has been sailing at your club for 20 years and her disability (an hearing impairment) has never been an
issue to anyone. It simply means that the others around her use lots of signalling and demonstration rather
than verbal instructions. However, a new Commodore has taken over at your club and wants to refuse Sue’s
membership as they say that her disability will increase their duty of care, liability and ultimately will influence
their insurance premium.

What are the common sense arguments against this? How would you be able to counter this argument and
succeed in getting the Sue’s inclusion?




                                                                                                                  4
                                Classification in disability sport

What is classification?
Classification is a term used frequently when referring to Paralympic or disability sport. Classification exists
to provide a structure for competition among athletes with different disabilities.

Level playing field?
It is sometimes said that classification in disability sport is to ensure fair competition and create a level
playing field. In modern disability sport, this is no longer the case. Completely equal competition can never
exist, as even within classification categories there is always a range of abilities — as there is in sport for
people who do not have disabilities.

Rather, the classification system exists to minimise the effect that an individual’s impairment has on the
outcome of the competition (as an age-group system minimises differences in performance affected by age).

Impairment-specific or sports-specific?
Early forms of classification were based on grouping people together who had the same, or similar,
impairments. In recent years, however, classification systems have become more sports-specific, grouping
competitors together based on their functional ability to play the sport.

How are people classified?
Functional classification involves a series of tests carried out by technical and medical experts (classifiers) to
establish that the athlete meets the necessary criteria.

This includes:
•   assessing the minimum impairment — is the athlete actually eligible for disability sport?
•   observing the athlete as they participate in their sport in order to establish the optimum classification
    group, or category, in which they will compete.

The classification process can often be controversial — athletes will want to be in the class that gives them
the best chance of winning. The classifiers also have to take into account other factors, such as the effect of
training on an athlete’s impairment, in order to ensure that they have been fairly treated.

What are the systems used?
Most classification systems are functional — based on the athlete’s ability to perform the sport. However,
athletes who are vision impaired only go through an eye test.

Classification groupings also vary between sports, so an athlete who has a single leg amputation will be
classified in different groups for swimming and for track.

There are other systems used to classify athletes with a disablity. These are based on other factors, such as
time, average score, or even IQ.

Summary
Classification:
•   is a way of providing a structure whereby people with disabilities can compete against their peers
•   minimises the effect of the impairment on the outcome of the competition
•        works best when it is sports specific.


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                                    Practical activity:
What are the coaching and general considerations for :
• Preparation for the water




•   Getting into the boat




•   Sailing (either learning to sail or just practicing)




•   Getting out of the boat




•   Putting boat away




                                                           6
                     Great resources and further help




                              My Call to ACTION!
Things that I will do as a result of this course….



1.___________________________________

2.___________________________________

3.___________________________________




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