Grade Three Science Curriculum 1 GRADE THREE SCIENCE CURRICULUM National Topic Objective Vocabulary Resources Content Strand A. Scientific Abilities S.3.1 – Participates in simple experiments Observe Math Textbook Inquiry necessary to do using observations and records data. Record www.sfscience.com scientific www.kz.com all topics inquiry A. Scientific Abilities S.3.2 – Develops science inquiry skills Estimate AIMS Inquiry necessary to do using computers, calculators, rulers, Measure Ranger Rick scientific scales, thermometers, and microscopes. National Geographic inquiry World of Science Your Big Backyard Science Magazine A. Scientific Understanding S.3.3 – Recognizes that scientific Question Inquiry about scientific investigations involve asking and Predict inquiry answering a question and comparing the Compare answer with what scientists have already discovered. A. Scientific Abilities S.3.4 – Makes sketches and diagrams to Diagram Inquiry necessary to do explain idea. Chart scientific Table inquiry Graph A. Scientific Understanding S.3.5 – Identifies and practices accepted Safety Inquiry about scientific safety procedures in manipulating science Equipment inquiry materials and equipment. A. Scientific Understanding S.3.6 – Uses encyclopedias, science Encyclopedia Inquiry about scientific magazines, books, etc. to obtain Magazine inquiry information related to science concepts. Media Reference Grade Three Science Curriculum 2 B. Physical Properties of S.3.7 – Recognizes that objects have Physical Making Things Float and Sink Science Objects and observable properties including size, property by Gary Gibson Materials weight, shape, color, temperature, and ability to react with other substances. B. Physical Properties of S.3.8 – Recognizes the basic tools of Measure Matter by Christopher Cooper Science Objects and science such as metric ruler, balance Metric system What is the World Made Of? Materials scale, magnifying lens, etc., for Balance By Kathleen Zoehfeld determining the measurable and Magnifying lens observable properties of matter. B. Physical Properties of S.3.9 – Recognizes that materials exist in Solid www.harcourt.com/activity/ Science Objects and different states: solid, liquid, and gas, and Liquid states_of_matter/index.html Materials can be changed from one state to another Gas (i.e. evaporation, condensation) Forms of matter Justin and the Best Biscuits in Precipitation the World by Mildred Pitts Evaporation Walker Condensation Chemistry by Janice Van Cleave B. Physical Properties of S.3.10 – Recognizes that the state of Melting point Burning and Laughing by Peter Science Objects and matter will change at freezing point and Freezing point Lafferty Materials boiling point. Boiling Point B. Physical Position and S.3.11 – Recognizes the relationship Force www.brainpopir.com Science Motion of between forces and motion. Push (force) Objects Pull www.edheads.org/ Potential energy Kinetic energy Force and Motion by Peter Gravity Lafferty Speed Lever Gravity by Janice Van Cleave Motion Inclined plane Grade Three Science Curriculum 3 B. Physical Position and S.3.12 – Recognizes simple, compound, Simple machine Machines that Build by Whit Science Motion of and complex machines and their uses. Compound Fisher Objects machine Make it Work! Machines by Complex Andrew Haslam machine Machines by Janice Van Cleave Work B. Physical Position and S.3.13 – Recognizes that the motion of Friction How Things Work by Neil Science Motion of objects is affected by friction. Ardley Objects B. Physical Position and S.3.14 – Recognizes that vibrating objects Sound Energy Science Motion of produce sound. Vibration Objects B. Physical Light, Heat, S.3.15 – Recognizes that magnets exert a Magnetic field Electricity and Magnetism by Science Electricity, and force on certain materials. Magnetism Robert Gardner Magnetism Magnetic poles www.brainpop.com Electricity and Magnetism by Margaret Whalley Magnets by Janice Van Cleave B. Physical Light, Heat, S.3.16 – Recognizes that the sun applies Heat Energy The Science Book of Energy by Science Electricity, and heat and light energy to the earth. Light Energy Neil Ardley Magnetism Grade Three Science Curriculum 4 B. Physical Light, Heat, S.3.17 – Recognizes that light can be Absorption of www.brainpop.com Science Electricity, and reflected, refracted, and absorbed by light Magnetism different materials. Reflection of light Refraction of light Color Opaque Transparent Translucent B. Physical Light, Heat, S.3.18 – Recognizes the characteristics Speed of light Science Electricity, and and behaviors of light energy and sound Speed of sound Magnetism energy. Sound wave Light wave B. Physical Light, Heat, S.3.19 – Recognizes that energy exists in Solar energy What’s the Big Idea, Ben Science Electricity, and many forms. Geothermal Franklin? By Jean Fritz Magnetism energy Electrical energy Nuclear energy Fossil fuel B. Physical Light, Heat, S.3.20 – Recognizes that heat can be Conduction Science Electricity, and produced and moves in many ways (i.e. Convection Magnetism burning, rubbing, mixing substances). Radiation B. Physical Light, Heat, S.3.21 – Recognizes that electricity in Closed circuit Dear Mr. Henshaw by Beverly Science Electricity, and circuits can produce light, heat, sound and Open circuit Cleary Magnetism magnetic energy. Electro-magnet Switch On, Switch Off by Battery Melvin Berger Electricity by Janice Van Cleave Grade Three Science Curriculum 5 C. Life Characteristics S.3.22 – Recognizes that all organisms are Cell www.bbc.uk/schools/ Science of Organisms made of one or more cells. Cell model scienceclips/ages8_9/ Cell diagram science-8-9.shtml C. Life Characteristics S.3.23 – Recognizes basic cellular Group of Cells Fern(The Green World) by Science of Organisms structures that plant and animal cells Theresa Greenway share. Plants(Kingdom of Life Series) By Robert A. Alvin and Virginia Silverstein C. Life Characteristics S.3.24 – Recognizes the difference among Cell tissue Science of Organisms cells, tissues, organs, and systems. Body Systems Organs of the body C. Life Characteristics S.3.25 – Recognizes that plants or animals Vertebrate www.ecokids.ca/pub/eco_ Science of Organisms are grouped according to similarities and Invertebrate info/browse_topics/index.cfm differences in their characteristics. Plants that make seeds Invertebrates by Alvin Plants that Silverstein make spores Flowering plants C. Life Organisms and S.3.26 – Recognizes the relationships Ecosystem The Reason for a Flower by Science Environments among organisms in a specific ecosystem Pollination Ruth Heller (i.e., pollination and seed dispersal). Reproduction Grade Three Science Curriculum 6 C. Life Organisms and S.3.27 – Recognizes that organisms can Life processes Science Environments only survive in environments where their Habitat needs can be met or where the organism can adapt to the changes in the environment. C. Life Organisms and S.3.28 – Recognizes that there are Structural www.sciencenetlinks.com/ Science Environments characteristics that help organisms adapt adaptation interactives/class.html and survive in their environments. Behavioral (animal classification) adaptation C. Life Organisms and S.3.29 – Recognizes that fossils show Fossil Science Environments connections between organisms that live in the present and those that lived in the past. C. Life Organisms and S.3.30 – Recognizes that organisms can Extinct The Atlas of Endangered Science Environments become extinct. Endangered Animals by Steve Pollack Threatened C. Life Life Cycles of S.3.31 – Recognizes that all living things Life cycle Ranger Rick’s Nature Science Organisms have life cycles (including birth, Developing developing into an adult, reproducing, and Reproduction Scope: Incredible Insects dying. National Wildlife Federation l998 C. Life Life Cycles of S.3.32 – Recognizes that reproduction is Species Science Organisms necessary for survival of a species. C. Life Life Cycles of S.3.33 – Recognizes that certain Inherited Science Organisms characteristics are passed from parents to Traits offspring. Physical similarities Grade Three Science Curriculum 7 C. Life Life Cycles of S.3.34 – Respects and values all forms Conscience Rosie, A Visiting Dog Story by Science Organisms and stages of life. Stephanie Clamonson C. Life Organisms and S.3.35 – Recognizes that plants and Producer Science Environments animals serve different functions in their Consumer environment. C. Life Organisms and S.3.36 – Recognizes that animals eat Host Animals Eat the Weirdest Science Environments plants or other animals for energy and Predator Things by Diane Swanson may use plants or other animals for Prey shelter/nesting. Ecosystem C. Life Organisms and S.3.37 – Recognizes that there are Ecosystem The Great Ideas of Lila Science Environments relationships among organisms in a Symbiosis Fenwick by Kate McMullan specific ecosystem. Parasite C. Life Organisms and S.3.38 – Recognizes that organisms are Environment The Lorax by Dr. Seuss Science Environments impacted by their environment and are Environmental Into the Sea by Brenda Z. able to change with their environment. impact Guiberson Ecology C. Life Organisms and S.3.39 – Recognizes the relationships Food web Who Comes to the Waterhole? Science Environments within food chains. Food chain By Colleen Stanley Bare D. Earth and Properties of S.3.40 – Recognizes the differences Natural Janice VanCleave’s Ecology Space Science Earth Materials between renewable and non-renewable resources for Every Kid by Janice resources. Renewable VanCleave Nonrenewable D. Earth and Properties of S.3.41 – Recognizes the components of Soil www.brainpop.com Space Science Earth Materials the rock cycle and the forces that build Sand (soil) and erode rocks. Clay Erosion Let’s Go Rock Collecting by Pressure Roma Gans Rock Grade Three Science Curriculum 8 D. Earth and Properties of S.3.42 – Recognizes that Earth’s resources Reuse The Magic School Bus: Inside Space Science Earth Materials can be recycled and conserved. Recycle the Earth by Joanna Cole Reduce D. Earth and Properties of S.3.43 – Identifies and describes general Mineral www.rocksforkids.com Space Science Earth Materials characteristics of minerals. D. Earth and Properties of S.3.44 – Classifies rocks into groups Igneous www.Rockhound.com Space Science Earth Materials according to the manner in which they Metamorphic were formed. Sedimentary Incredible Earth by Nick Clifford D. Earth and Objects in the S.3.45 – Recognizes that objects in the Planet One Small Square, One Night Space Science Sky sky have identifiable characteristics (i.e., Sun Sky by Donald Silver appearance, location, and apparent Star motion). Constellation Meteor Meterorite D. Earth and Objects in the S.3.46 – Recognizes that there are Rotation Seeing Earth from Space by Space Science Sky positional relationships of the Earth, the Revolution Patricia Luber Sun, and Moon (i.e. rotation, revolution, Seasons The Visual Dictionary of the and the effects of these positions.) Day/night Earth by Martyn Bramwell Orbit D. Earth and Objects in the S.3.47 – Sequences the order of our solar Solar System Space Science Sky system’s planets from the sun. D. Earth and Objects in the S.3.48 – Recognizes that the sun is a star I Didn’t Know the Sun Was A Space Science Sky and stars are innumerable, unevenly Star and Other Amazing Facts dispersed, and of unequal size and About the Universe by Kate brightness. Perry Grade Three Science Curriculum 9 D. Earth and Objects in the S.3.49 – Recognizes that the moon’s light Phase www.brainpop.com Space Science Sky is reflected from the sun, the moon has New moon (moon) phases, and the moon has a 28-day cycle. First quarter Full moon Last quarter Satellite D. Earth and Objects in the S.3.50 – Recognizes the role of Astronomer Space Science Sky technology and careers related to the telescope study of space. D. Earth and Changes in S.3.51 – Recognizes that atmospheric Weather www.edheads.org/HowWeather Space Science Earth and Sky conditions vary and can be measured. Atmospheric Works Michael Allaby conditions Rainfall Weather: Nature Company Humidity Discoveries Library D. Earth and Changes in S.3.52 – Recognizes that landforms and Ocean Weather (Eyewitness Books, Space Science Earth and Sky water have effects on weather and climate. Lake No.28) by Brian Cosgrove Mountain River/streams Plain Plateau Marsh/beach D. Earth and Changes in S.3.53 – Recognizes the basic components Rainfall Space Science Earth and Sky of the water cycle. Evaporation Condensation Snow Sleet Grade Three Science Curriculum 10 D. Earth and Changes in S.3.54 – Recognizes that the Earth Atmosphere Earth by Susanna Van Rose Space Science Earth and Sky consists of solid rocks, soils, liquid water, and gases. D. Earth and Changes in S.3.55 – Recognizes that the Earth’s Erosion Space Science Earth and Sky surface changes slowly (due to erosion Weathering and weathering and various soil types) Landslide and rapidly (due to landslides, Earthquake earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions) Volcano E. Science and Abilities of S.3.56 – Recognizes the sequence of five Question www.brainpop.com Technology Technological stages of the scientific process including Hypothesis (scientific method) Design stating the problem, designing an Experiment approach, implementing a solution, (collecting data) evaluating the solution, and Tabulating communicating the results through a results design and a solution. Formulating a conclusion Referring back to a hypothesis E. Science and Abilities of S.3.57 – Recognizes that science is one Questioning Technology Technological way of answering questions and Inquiring Design explaining the natural world. Researching E. Science and Understanding S.3.58 – Recognizes that scientists, often Technology about science working in teams, use tools to make and technology observations, measurements, and investigations and share these findings with others. Grade Three Science Curriculum 11 E. Science and Abilities to S.3.59 – Categorizes all objects as either Natural Technology distinguish those occurring in nature or those that Synthetic between natural have been designed and made by people objects and to solve human problems. objects made by humans. F. Science in Personal Health S.3.60 – Demonstrates an awareness of Food pyramid Look Good, Feel Good by Liz Personal and cleanliness and good nutrition and their Sanitary Swinden Social effect on the human body. Body: Make it Work! By Liz Perspectives Wyse F. Science in Personal Health S.3.61 – Demonstrates an understanding Alcohol Red Ribbon Week Personal and of the dangers of alcohol and tobacco use. Tobacco Social Drug Perspectives F. Science in Characteristics S.3.62 – Recognizes that changes in the Natural Yellowstone Fires: Flames and Personal and and Changes in environment can occur naturally or can be disasters Rebirth by Dorothy Hinshaw Social Populations influenced by humans (volcanic eruptions, Patent Perspectives forest fires). F. Science in Characteristics S.3.63 – Recognizes that some Evolution Personal and and Changes in environmental changes occur slowly and Weathering Social Populations others occur rapidly. Perspectives F. Science in Types of S.3.64 – Recognizes that resources are Water Personal and Resources natural and man-made. Wood Social Products Perspectives F. Science in Types of S.3.65 – Recognizes that the supply of Conservation www.ecokids.ca/pub/eco_info/ Personal and Resources many resources is limited and can be Pollution browse_topics/index.cfm Social extended through recycling and decreased Perspectives use. Grade Three Science Curriculum 12 F. Science in Science and S.3.66 – Demonstrates an understanding Ethics Personal and Technology in of ways technology has made discoveries Morality Social Local in science that should be questioned as to Perspectives Challenges the rightness or wrongness of them being done. G. History and Science as a S.3.67 – Recognizes that although men Nature of Human and women using scientific inquiry have Science Endeavor learned much about the objects, events, and phenomena in nature, much more remains to be understood.
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