Lesson 1 Shakespeare AQA A coursework unit – 5% of overall grade Rome o and Juliet Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeare‟s most famous plays. What do you know about Romeo and Juliet already? Love Death Conflict Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeare‟s comedies histories tragedies What do you think we can expect from this type of play? death love friendship family honour Romeo has fallen in love with Juliet and they have secretly married. Juliet is a Capulet and her family are in conflict with the Montagues Romeo is a Montague and his family are in conflict with the Capulets. Romeo, having been provoked, killed Tybalt (a Capulet and Juliet‟s cousin); Romeo is then banished as a punishment. We are going to pick up the story here - Romeo has been banished and must leave Verona before sunrise. He has spent the night with his wife Juliet, but they must keep their love secret. We are going to look at part of a scene where the lovers know that they have to part and they don‟t know if they will see each other again. Here is a link to the Act 3 scene 5 http://www.teachit.co.uk/attachments/mornscen.pdf Part 1 – Romeo has to leave Verona and Juliet or he will be punished by death! Enter ROMEO and JULIET above, at the window JULIET Why does Juliet want it to be Wilt thou be gone? it is not yet near day: the nightingale rather than It was the nightingale, and not the lark, the lark? That pierced the fearful hollow of thine ear; Nightly she sings on yon pomegranate-tree: Believe me, love, it was the nightingale. ROMEO It was the lark, the herald of the morn, No nightingale: look, love, what envious streaks Do lace the severing clouds in yonder east: Night's candles are burnt out, and jocund day Stands tiptoe on the misty mountain tops. I must be gone and live, or stay and die. JULIET Yon light is not day-light, I know it, I: It is some meteor that the sun exhales, To be to thee this night a torch-bearer, And light thee on thy way to Mantua: Therefore stay yet; thou need'st not to be gone. ROMEO Let me be ta'en, let me be put to death; I am content, so thou wilt have it so. Juliet loves Rome, so why does I'll say yon grey is not the morning's eye, she say that he has to go? 'Tis but the pale reflex of Cynthia's brow; Nor that is not the lark, whose notes do beat How do you think this is The vaulty heaven so high above our heads: going to make her feel? I have more care to stay than will to go: Come, death, and welcome! Juliet wills it so. How is't, my soul? let's talk; it is not day. JULIET It is, it is: hie hence, be gone, away! It is the lark that sings so out of tune, Straining harsh discords and unpleasing sharps. Some say the lark makes sweet division; This doth not so, for she divideth us: Some say the lark and loathed toad change eyes, O, now I would they had changed voices too! Since arm from arm that voice doth us affray, Hunting thee hence with hunt's-up to the day, O, now be gone; more light and light it grows. ROMEO More light and light; more dark and dark our woes! Enter Nurse, to the chamber Nurse Madam! JULIET Nurse? Nurse Your lady mother is coming to your chamber: The day is broke; be wary, look about. Exit JULIET Then, window, let day in, and let life out. ROMEO Farewell, farewell! one kiss, and I'll descend. He goeth down JULIET Art thou gone so? love, lord, ay, husband, friend! How does Juli I must hear from thee every day in the hour, she will miss For in a minute there are many days: O, by this count I shall be much in years much? Ere I again behold my Romeo! ROMEO Farewell! I will omit no opportunity That may convey my greetings, love, to thee. How do we know that Romeo loves JULIET O think'st thou we shall ever meet again? her very much? ROMEO I doubt it not; and all these woes shall serve For sweet discourses in our time to come. JULIET O God, I have an ill-divining soul! Methinks I see thee, now thou art below, As one dead in the bottom of a tomb: Either my eyesight fails, or thou look'st pale. ROMEO And trust me, love, in my eye so do you: Dry sorrow drinks our blood. Adieu, adieu! Exit JULIET O fortune, fortune! all men call thee fickle: If thou art fickle, what dost thou with him. That is renown'd for faith? Be fickle, fortune; For then, I hope, thou wilt not keep him long, But send him back. What do we find out about Romeo and Juliet in this part of the scene? They are very much in love They don‟t want to be parted Juliet wants Romeo to stay, she does this by persuading Romeo that it is the nightingale (which sings at night) she can hear singing rather than the lark (which sings in the day). As day comes, Juliet‟s happiness goes Romeo loves Juliet very much – he is going to write to her at every opportunity She knows she will miss him as “ in a minute there are many days” Why do we feel sorry for Juliet? because she has only just married Romeo and she knows that he has to leave her Juliet is worried that she will never see Romeo again Juliet must be worried that she is keeping such a huge secret from her family Juliet thinks that God is being cruel to her She must be very distressed to see her love leave her Teachit pages http://www.teachit.co.uk/attachments/4590.pdf http://www.teachit.co.uk/attachments/act3sc5.pdf http://www.teachit.co.uk/attachments/rjpltsum.pdf http://www.teachit.co.uk/attachments/4101.pdf http://images.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.romeo- juliet.newmail.ru/dzeffirelli.files/capulets.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.romeo- juliet.newmail.ru/dseffirelli.html&h=200&w=300&sz=14&hl=en&start=6&tbnid=rUJN NyQjwtkFjM:&tbnh=77&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcapulet%26gbv%3D2%26 ndsp%3D20%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN Romeo and Juliet Assignment 1 This assignment is the first of a number of activities designed to help you to produce a piece of Shakespeare coursework for your GCSE folder. The Shakespeare coursework is compulsory, so you MUST complete the Romeo and Juliet assignments so that your final mark can go towards your GCSE grade. The aim is to produce an essay about Romeo and Juliet– a long piece of writing in sentences and paragraphs. This is the title we are working towards: Juliet finds herself in a terrible predicament in act 3 scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet; she has secretly married Romeo, but her father wants her to marry Paris. How does Shakespeare make us sympathise with Juliet in this part of the play? We are not going to write the essay all in one go – we are going to do it in stages; today’s assignment is the first stage. You are going to make some notes, then write them up in sentences and paragraphs. Task 1 Write down a list of points for the following: What do we find out about Romeo and Juliet in this part of the scene? Write your list of points below. How does Shakespeare make the audience feel sorry for Juliet? Write your list of points below. Task 2 In your own words, and using evidence from the text, write about what we find out about Romeo and Juliet from this part of the scene and how Shakespeare makes the audience sympathise with her. Write your paragraphs below. Lesson 2 Rom eo and Julie Last week we looked at the opening part of act 3 scene 5 where Romeo has to leave Juliet. Your assignment was to write about Romeo and Juliet in this scene; here are some of the things you might have come up with. Save these notes, if you didn’t come t up with these yourself, you could use them in your final piece of coursework. What do we find out about Romeo and Juliet in this part of the scene? They are very much in love They don‟t want to be parted Juliet wants Romeo to stay, she does this by persuading Romeo that it is the nightingale (which sings at night) she can hear singing rather than the lark (which sings in the day). As day comes, Juliet‟s happiness goes Romeo loves Juliet very much – he is going to write to her at every opportunity She knows she will miss him as “ in a minute there are many days” Why do we feel sorry for Juliet? because she has only just married Romeo and she knows that he has to leave her Juliet is worried that she will never see Romeo again Juliet must be worried that she is keeping such a huge secret from her family Juliet thinks that God is being cruel to her She must be very distressed to see her love leave her Today we are going to concentrate on Juliet’s parents; they are called ‘Capulet’ and ‘Lady Capulet’ Note… In Shakespeare’s day it was expected that the father would find a ‘good match’ for his daughter, and marry her off to as rich and important a man as possible. It was also expected that the daughter would be grateful and do exactly as she was told. Capulet looks a bit ‘wet’ in this picture, but he is actually furious with Juliet. Here is the next chunk of text: LADY CAPULET [Within] Ho, daughter! are you up? JULIET Who is't that calls? is it my lady mother? Is she not down so late, or up so early? What unaccustom'd cause procures her hither? Enter LADY CAPULET LADY CAPULET Why, how now, Juliet! JULIET Madam, I am not well. Here begins the big LADY CAPULET misunderstanding of this part of the Evermore weeping for your cousin's death? scene. Why does Lady Capulet think What, wilt thou wash him from his grave with tears? An if thou couldst, thou couldst not make him live; Juliet is crying so much? Therefore, have done: some grief shows much of love; But much of grief shows still some want of wit. JULIET Yet let me weep for such a feeling loss. LADY CAPULET Romeo So shall you feel the loss, but not the friend Tybalt Which you weep for. JULIET Juliet secretly lets the audience Feeling so the loss, Cannot choose but ever weep the friend. know why she is crying – how LADY CAPULET does this help us sympathise with Well, girl, thou weep'st not so much for his death, her? As that the villain lives which slaughter'd him. JULIET What villain madam? How does Lady Capulet’s opinion LADY CAPULET That same villain, Romeo. of Romeo help us to sympathise JULIET with Juliet? [Aside] Villain and he be many miles asunder.-- God Pardon him! I do, with all my heart; This helps us to understand Juliet – it And yet no man like he doth grieve my heart. lets the audience know that Juliet is LADY CAPULET suffering. That is, because the traitor murderer lives. JULIET Ay, madam, from the reach of these my hands: Is Juliet being honest here? Would none but I might venge my cousin's death! LADY CAPULET We will have vengeance for it, fear thou not: Then weep no more. I'll send to one in Mantua, Where that same banish'd runagate doth live, What does Lady Capulet plan to do? Shall give him such an unaccustom'd dram, That he shall soon keep Tybalt company: And then, I hope, thou wilt be satisfied. JULIET Indeed, I never shall be satisfied Juliet speaks at crossed purposes with her With Romeo, till I behold him--dead-- mother. The audience knows what she Is my poor heart for a kinsman vex'd. means, Lady Capulet doesn’t. Again, Madam, if you could find out but a man how does this help us sympathise with To bear a poison, I would temper it; That Romeo should, upon receipt thereof, Juliet? Soon sleep in quiet. O, how my heart abhors To hear him named, and cannot come to him. To wreak the love I bore my cousin Upon his body that slaughter'd him! LADY CAPULET Find thou the means, and I'll find such a man. But now I'll tell thee joyful tidings, girl. JULIET And joy comes well in such a needy time: What are they, I beseech your ladyship? LADY CAPULET Well, well, thou hast a careful father, child; One who, to put thee from thy heaviness, Hath sorted out a sudden day of joy, That thou expect'st not nor I look'd not for. JULIET Madam, in happy time, what day is that? LADY CAPULET Marry, my child, early next Thursday morn, The gallant, young and noble gentleman, The County Paris, at Saint Peter's Church, Shall happily make thee there a joyful bride. JULIET Now, by Saint Peter's Church and Peter too, He shall not make me there a joyful bride. I wonder at this haste; that I must wed Ere he, that should be husband, comes to woo. I pray you, tell my lord and father, madam, I will not marry yet; and, when I do, I swear, It shall be Romeo, whom you know I hate, Rather than Paris. These are news indeed! LADY CAPULET Here comes your father; tell him so yourself, And see how he will take it at your hands. How has Juliet’s situation just got worse? she can’t control her feelings of grief and loss over Romeo she has to lie to her mother to conceal the truth her mother announces that a marriage has been arranged for her Juliet asks her mother to tell her father that she doesn’t want to marry Paris – Lady Capulet refuses – she doesn’t seem sympathetic. It would be a mortal sin for Juliet to marry another when she remains married to Romeo – religion was very important then, she wouldn’t want to offend God. Romeo and Juliet Assignment 2 In the second section of the scene we have studied, Juliet has to face her mother, and some very bad news! Task 1 [10 marks] To help you explore and understand the characters in this scene, look at each character in turn and fill in the speech bubbles below with secret thoughts that each character might think (you should be able to type in the boxes, if you can’t, just type what you want to include underneath the pictures). You can make the boxes bigger if you need to. Task 2 [10 marks] Important task! In your own words, describe how the audience will sympathise with Juliet in this part of the scene. Refer to the notes and information we found in the LearnLinc lesson to help you with this task. Try and include as much detail as possible, using quotations whenever you can, as this will make up part of the final coursework essay. Write your answer below. Romeo and lesson 3 Juliet Note… In Shakespeare’s day it was expected that the father would find a ‘good match’ for his daughter, and marry her off to as rich and important a man as possible. Today we are going to look closely at Capulet Note… In Shakespeare’s day it was expected that the father would find a ‘good match’ for his daughter, and marry her off to as rich and important a man as possible. [Enter CAPULET and Nurse] Why does Capulet draw attention to the CAPULET fact that Juliet is When the sun sets, the air doth drizzle dew; still sobbing? But for the sunset of my brother's son It rains downright. How now! a conduit, girl? what, still in tears? Evermore showering? In one little body Thou counterfeit'st a bark, a sea, a wind; For still thy eyes, which I may call the sea, Do ebb and flow with tears; the bark thy body is, Sailing in this salt flood; the winds, thy sighs; Who, raging with thy tears, and they with them, Without a sudden calm, will overset Thy tempest-tossed body. How now, wife! Have you deliver'd to her our decree? LADY CAPULET Ay, sir; but she will none, she gives you thanks. Lady Capulet is clearly annoyed at I would the fool were married to her grave! Juliet’s disobedience. CAPULET Soft! take me with you, take me with you, wife. Why should she be grateful? How! will she none? doth she not give us thanks? Is she not proud? doth she not count her blest, Unworthy as she is, that we have wrought So worthy a gentleman to be her bridegroom? JULIET Not proud, you have; but thankful, that you have: Proud can I never be of what I hate; But thankful even for hate, that is meant love. CAPULET How now, how now, chop-logic! What is this? 'Proud,' and 'I thank you,' and 'I thank you not;' And yet 'not proud,' mistress minion, you, Capulet is furious and Thank me no thankings, nor, proud me no prouds, insults Juliet But fettle your fine joints 'gainst Thursday next, To go with Paris to Saint Peter's Church, Or I will drag thee on a hurdle thither. Out, you green-sickness carrion! out, you baggage! You tallow-face! LADY CAPULET Fie, fie! what, are you mad? Think about Juliet’s tone of voice here; JULIET Good father, I beseech you on my knees, why should the audience feel sorry for Hear me with patience but to speak a word. her? CAPULET Hang thee, young baggage! disobedient wretch! I tell thee what: get thee to church o' Thursday, Or never after look me in the face: Speak not, reply not, do not answer me; My fingers itch. Wife, we scarce thought us blest Why is this ironic? That God had lent us but this only child; But now I see this one is one too much, And that we have a curse in having her: Out on her, hilding! Nurse God in heaven bless her! You are to blame, my lord, to rate her so. CAPULET And why, my lady wisdom? hold your tongue, Good prudence; smatter with your gossips, go. Nurse I speak no treason. CAPULET O, God ye god-den. Nurse May not one speak? CAPULET Peace, you mumbling fool! Utter your gravity o'er a gossip's bowl; For here we need it not. LADY CAPULET You are too hot. CAPULET God's bread! it makes me mad: Day, night, hour, tide, time, work, play, Alone, in company, still my care hath been To have her match'd: and having now provided A gentleman of noble parentage, Of fair demesnes, youthful, and nobly train'd, Stuff'd, as they say, with honourable parts, Proportion'd as one's thought would wish a man; And then to have a wretched puling fool, What threats does A whining mammet, in her fortune's tender, To answer 'I'll not wed; I cannot love, Capulet make? I am too young; I pray you, pardon me.' But, as you will not wed, I'll pardon you: Graze where you will you shall not house with me: Look to't, think on't, I do not use to jest. Thursday is near; lay hand on heart, advise: An you be mine, I'll give you to my friend; And you be not, hang, beg, starve, die in the streets, For, by my soul, I'll ne'er acknowledge thee, Nor what is mine shall never do thee good: Trust to't, bethink you; I'll not be forsworn. [Exit] How has Juliet’s situation worsened in this part of the scene? Her mother wishes she was dead „married to her grave‟ She has angered her father – she would not wanted to do this – she loves her family and she needs them Her father has threatened to disown her and throw her out onto the streets where she will starve Capulet expects her to marry Paris How has Shakespeare made us sympathise with her? She pleads on her knees to be heard, to explain or to put her views forward, but neither parent will hear her, Juliet is always the powerless victim here, it is Capulet who holds the power in the family Shakespeare emphasises her grief by using the imagery of the ocean of tears to show how much she is sobbing “For still thy eyes, which I may call the sea, Do ebb and flow with tears” Capulet says some hurtful things “Wife, we scarce thought us blest That God had lent us but this only child; But now I see this one is one too much, And that we have a curse in having her:” this is ironic because the audience knows that they will not have Juliet for long, this makes it even more tragic, that there are such words of hate before Juliet dies. Romeo and Juliet Assignment 3 This week we are going to write up two important sections of the piece of coursework, firstly the introduction and secondly the section where Capulet threatens Juliet when she refuses to marry Paris. We have covered all the notes you will need in the LearnLinc lesson; you can always look back at this if you need help. The introduction Every essay needs an introduction; this is the opening paragraph or paragraphs of the essay and they introduce the themes, ideas and the focus of the study. For this piece of coursework you should include the following information: the title of the play and the playwright’s name and that it is a tragedy a few sentences on the basic storyline of the play – no more why you think Romeo and Juliet is such a popular play today as well as then write a few sentences about the scene you have been studying what things has Shakespeare done to try and make the audience sympathise with Juliet in this scene (language and imagery, dramatic events, highly emotional situations and misunderstandings). you could also mention a little about the context of the play – that Juliet would have been expected to obey her father, but the audience in this case but the audience sympathise with Juliet because they know that true love means that she cannot do this. [10 marks] Capulet Look at the notes we made in the LearnLinc lesson today and write about how Shakespeare makes the audience sympathise with Juliet in this part of the scene. Write your answer below. [10 marks] Lesson 4 Today we are going to: 1. look at the last section of the scene – where the nurse abandons Juliet 2. look at what we have covered so far 3. structure the coursework essay. JULIET Is there no pity sitting in the clouds, That sees into the bottom of my grief? O, sweet my mother, cast me not away! Delay this marriage for a month, a week; Or, if you do not, make the bridal bed In that dim monument where Tybalt lies. LADY CAPULET Talk not to me, for I'll not speak a word: Do as thou wilt, for I have done with thee. Exit JULIET O God!--O nurse, how shall this be prevented? My husband is on earth, my faith in heaven; How shall that faith return again to earth, Unless that husband send it me from heaven By leaving earth? comfort me, counsel me. Alack, alack, that heaven should practise stratagems Upon so soft a subject as myself! What say'st thou? hast thou not a word of joy? Some comfort, nurse. Nurse Faith, here it is. Romeo is banish'd; and all the world to nothing, That he dares ne'er come back to challenge you; Or, if he do, it needs must be by stealth. Then, since the case so stands as now it doth, I think it best you married with the county. O, he's a lovely gentleman! Romeo's a dishclout to him: an eagle, madam, Hath not so green, so quick, so fair an eye As Paris hath. Beshrew my very heart, I think you are happy in this second match, For it excels your first: or if it did not, Your first is dead; or 'twere as good he were, As living here and you no use of him. JULIET Speakest thou from thy heart? Nurse And from my soul too; Or else beshrew them both. JULIET Amen! Nurse What? JULIET Well, thou hast comforted me marvellous much. Go in: and tell my lady I am gone, Having displeased my father, to Laurence' cell, To make confession and to be absolved. Nurse Marry, I will; and this is wisely done. Exit JULIET Ancient damnation! O most wicked fiend! Is it more sin to wish me thus forsworn, Or to dispraise my lord with that same tongue Which she hath praised him with above compare So many thousand times? Go, counsellor; Thou and my bosom henceforth shall be twain. I'll to the friar, to know his remedy: If all else fail, myself have power to die. Exit Romeo and Juliet Coursework essay 5% overall grade We sympathise with Juliet because of : the things which happen to her how she thinks and feels Shakespeare’s language and the images he creates with words Introduction Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is….. …. it is still popular today because…. …the ‘star-crossed lovers’…… …Shakespeare makes the audience see that……. Lesson 1 Shakespeare shows the audience that is heart- broken……. Romeo has to leave Juliet Juliet struggles to hide her grief…… Lesson 2 ….Shakespeare helps us to sympathise with Juliet by…… Lady Capulet brings bad news Lesson 3 …the audience understands that Capulet is furious at Capulet is Juliet’s disobedience because…. furious with his disobedient …but the audience knows that….. daughter Lesson 4 Juliet is finally alone, isolated and…… The nurse abandons Juliet Conclusion Your job now is to: 1 look back on the previous assignments you have completed 2 copy each of your responses into one document 3 make sure you have an introduction and a conclusion 4 make sure that your points and paragraphs link together well 5 include lots of quotations and most importantly EXPLANATIONS to show that you understand what you have written How does Shakespeare make the audience sympathise with Juliet in act 3 scene 5? Plan Introduction: name the play (Romeo and Juliet), the genre tragedy author – William Shakespeare brief outline of the story the focus of your essay (act 3 scene 5 where Romeo and Juliet part and she finds out that she has to marry Paris). Main body – Shakespeare makes the reader feel sympathy for Juliet because of: the things that happen to Juliet the things that Juliet does and thinks the way the audience understands Juliet’s situation These are the things that happen to Juliet: she has to make Romeo leave before daybreak and neither of them want to be parted, it is like grief for Juliet – losing the person she loves Juliet’s mother announces that she is to marry Paris, Juliet doesn’t want to and cannot marry him as she is already married to Romeo Lady Capulet wishes Juliet were ‘married to her grave’ Juliet’s father is furious at her refusal to marry Paris, he calls her names and threatens her The nurse stands up for Juliet, but Capulet dismisses her Lastly the nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris as it is the most ‘sensible’ choice This is what Juliet does and thinks: Juliet feels grief-stricken when Romeo leaves, she feels like a plaything of the Gods who are being cruel to her. She sobs uncontrollably because of the loss she feels for Romeo She has to lie to her mother about why she is crying to disguise the truth of her secret marriage and love for Romeo Juliet feels abandoned by her mother who does not sympathise with her Juliet is hurt and crushed by her father’s fury and doesn’t know what to do Juliet cannot believe that the nurse has advised her to marry Paris and realises that she can no longer rely on the nurse’s comfort, she feels betrayed and utterly alone. Juliet can only think about suicide if Friar Lawrence cannot find a solution to her predicament. Conclusion: Sum up what you have said – that Juliet has suffered a series of upsetting events in this scene which leaves her devastated and alone. Remember the formula: Point quote explain Use quotations to show that you understand Shakespeare’s intentions and meanings. Use phrases like: Shakespeare makes us sympathise because… Your name: Date: Juliet finds herself in a terrible predicament in act 3 scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet; she has secretly married Romeo, but her father wants her to marry Paris. How does Shakespeare make us sympathise with Juliet in this part of the play? Alternative essay plan below: Romeo and Juliet essay plan Title: How does Shakespeare make the audience sympathise with Juliet in act 3 scene 5? Introduction Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeare’s most famous plays….. It is a tragedy which is about …. In the scene I am studying ………. What happens here? Useful quotationss It was the nightingale not the lark Yond light is not daylight, I know it I must hear from thee everyday in the hour, for in a minute there are many days I think I have an ill diving soul Evermore weeping for your cousin’s death? Yet let me weep for such a feeling of loss Villain Romeo Indeed I never shall be satisfied with Romeo, till I behold him – dead (she is fibbing) … sorted out a sudden day of joy Marry my child, early next Thursday morn I would the child were married to her grave Out, you green-sickness carrion! Out, you baggage! You tallow face! Hang thee young baggage, disobedient wretch We have a curse in having her Hang! Beg! Die! starve in the streets! I think it best you married with the County. I’ll to the friar to know his remedy. If all else fail, myself have power to die. Conclusion In this scene the main reasons the audience will feel sympathy for Juliet are…… Shakespeare has made the audience feel …………..