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					                                         CHAPTER 28

                                         ETHICS CODE


       28.01   Declaration of Policy
       28.02   Statutory Standards of Conduct
       28.03   Responsibility of Public Office
       28.04   Dedicated Service
       28.05   Fair and Equal Treatment
       28.06   Conflict of Interest
       28.07   Advisory Opinion
       28.08   Ethics Committee
       28.09   Jurisdiction and Application
       28.10   Sanctions
       28.11   Distribution of Ethics code


       28.01 DECLARATION OF POLICY.

        (1) The proper operation of democratic government requires that public officials and
employees be independent, impartial and responsible to the people; that government decisions
and policies be made in proper channels of the governmental structure; that public office not be
used for personal gain; and that the public have confidence in the integrity of its government. In
recognition of these goals, there is hereby established in this Chapter a code of ethics for all
Village of DeForest officials and employees, whether elected or appointed, paid or unpaid,
including members of boards, committees and commissions of the Village, as well as any
individuals who are candidates for elective office as soon as such individuals file nomination
papers with the Village. The purpose of this Ethics Code is to establish guidelines for ethical
standards of conduct for all such officials and employees. The provisions and purpose of this
Ethics Code and such rules and regulations as may be established are hereby declared to be in
the best interests of the Village of DeForest.

        (2) The purpose of this Code is to have disclosure of private financial matters for
elected officials, those seeking elected office, Planning and Zoning Commission members,
Board of Appeals members, the Village Administrator, Village Deputy Treasurer and Deputy
Clerk, Chief of Police and paid appointed officials which may cause a conflict with their official
duties.

       (3) Every official or employee, prior to assuming his/her duties, is required to file a
statement that the person knows of no personal or financial interest which might disqualify the
person from holding and/or exercising the duties of the office.

       (4) No person required to file the statement pursuant to sub. (3) may receive any salary
or compensation until such statement has been filed with the Village Clerk.

        28.02 STATUTORY STANDARDS OF CONDUCT. There are certain provisions of the
Wisconsin Statutes which should, while not set forth herein, be considered an integral part of
any Code of Ethics. Accordingly, the provisions of the following sections of the Wisconsin
Statutes, as from time to time amended, are made a part of this Code of Ethics and shall apply
to public officials and employees whenever applicable, to wit:

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       (1)   Sec. 946.10.     Bribery of Public Officers and Employees
       (2)   Sec. 946.11.     Special Privileges from Public Utilities.
       (3)   Sec. 946.12.     Misconduct in Public Office.
       (4)   Sec. 946.13.     Private Interest in Public Contract Prohibited.

       28.03 RESPONSIBILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICE. Public officials and employees are
agents of public purpose and hold office for the benefit of the public. They are bound to uphold
the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of this State and carry out impartially
the laws of the nation, state and municipality, to observe in their official acts the highest
standards of morality and to discharge faithfully the duties of their office regardless of personal
considerations, recognizing that the public interest must be their prime concern.

       28.04 DEDICATED SERVICE.

        (1) Officials and employees should adhere to the rules of work and performance
established as the standard for their positions by the appropriate authority.

        (2) Officials and employees should not exceed their authority or breach the law or ask
others to do so, and they should work in full cooperation with other public officials and employ-
ees unless prohibited from so doing by law or by officially recognized confidentiality of their
work.

       28.05 FAIR AND EQUAL TREATMENT.

      (1) USE OF PUBLIC PROPERTY. No official or employee shall request or permit the
unauthorized use of Village-owned vehicles, equipment, materials or property for personal
convenience or profit.

        (2) OBLIGATIONS TO CITIZENS. No official or employee shall grant any special
consideration, treatment or advantage to any citizen beyond that which is available to every
other citizen.

       28.06 CONFLICT OF INTEREST.

        (1) FINANCIAL AND PERSONAL INTEREST PROHIBITED. No official or employee,
whether paid or unpaid, shall engage in any business or transaction or shall act in regard to
financial or other personal interest, direct or indirect, which is incompatible with the proper
discharge of official duties in the public interest contrary to the provisions of this Chapter or
which would tend to impair independence of judgment or action in the performance of official
duties.

       (2) DEFINITIONS.

       (a) Financial Interest. Any interest which shall yield, directly or indirectly, a monetary or
other material benefit to the officer or employee.

       (b) Personal Interest. Any interest arising from blood or marriage relationships or from
close business or political associations, whether or not any financial interest is involved.


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       (c) Person. Any individual, corporation, partnership or joint venture.

       (3) SPECIFIC CONFLICTS ENUMERATED.

       (a) Incompatible Employment. No official or employee shall engage in or accept private
employment or render services for private interest when such employment or service is
incompatible with the proper discharge of official duties or would tend to impair independence of
judgment or action in the performance of official duties, unless otherwise not prohibited by law
and unless disclosure is made as hereinafter provided.

        (b) Disclosure of Confidential Information. No official or employee shall, without proper
legal authorization, disclose confidential information concerning the property, government or
affairs of the Village, nor shall such information be used to advance the financial or other private
interests of the official or employee or others.

       (c). Gifts and Favors.

            1.   No official or employee shall accept any gift, whether in the form of service,
                 loan, thing or promise, from any person which may tend to impair his
                 independence of judgment or action in the performance of his duties or grant
                 in the discharge of his duties any improper favor, service or thing of value.
                 Any official who receives, directly or indirectly, any gift or gifts having an
                 aggregate value of more than One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) within any
                 calendar year from any person not a member of his/her immediate family who
                 is known by said official or employee to be interested, directly or indirectly, in
                 any manner whatsoever in business dealings with the Village upon which the
                 official or employee has any influence or input or over which the official or
                 employee has any jurisdiction, discretion or control, shall disclose the nature
                 and value of such gifts to the Ethics Committee by January 20 next following
                 the year in which the gift or gifts are received.

            2.   No official or employee may solicit or accept, either directly or indirectly, from
                 any person or organization, money or anything of value if it could reasonably
                 be expected to influence the employee's official actions or judgments, or be
                 considered a reward for any action or inaction on the part of the official or
                 employee. Legal campaign contributions are exempt from the definition.

            3.   An official or employee is not to accept hospitality if, after consideration of the
                 surrounding circumstances, it could reasonably be concluded that such
                 hospitality would not be extended were it not for the fact that the guest, or a
                 member of the guest's immediate family, was a Village official or employee.
                 Participation in celebrations, grand openings, open houses, informational
                 meetings and similar events are excluded from this prohibition.               This
                 paragraph further shall not be construed to prevent candidates for elective
                 office from accepting hospitality from citizens for the purpose of supporting the
                 candidate's campaign.

            4.   Gifts received by an official or employee under unusual circumstances should
                 be referred to the Ethics Committee within ten (10) days of receipt for
                 recommended disposition.


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        (d) Representing Private Interests Before Village Agencies or Courts. No official or
employee who is entitled to compensation by the Village shall appear on behalf of private
interests before any agency of the Village. She/He shall not represent private interests in any
action or proceeding against the interests of the Village. This paragraph shall not be construed
as prohibiting the appearance of officials or employees when subpoenaed as witnesses by
parties involved in litigation which also may involve the Village of DeForest. A Village Board
member may appear before Village Boards, Commissions, and Committees on behalf of
constituents in the course of her/his duties as a representative of the electorate.

        (e) Ad Hoc Committee. No violation of this section shall exist, however, where an
individual serves on an ad hoc committee charged with the responsibility of addressing an issue
or topic in which that individual, or the employer or a client of that individual, has an interest so
long as the individual discloses to the Ethics Committee that such interest exists.

        (5) CONTRACTS WITH THE VILLAGE. All Village officers or employees who have a
substantial or controlling financial interest in any business entity, transaction or contract with the
Village, or in the sale of real estate, materials, supplies or services to the Village, shall make
known to the proper authority such interest in any matter on which she/he may be called to act
in her/his official capacity. This paragraph is subject to the provisions and restrictions imposed
in sec. 28.06(1) & (3)(a). She/He shall refrain from voting upon or otherwise participating in the
transaction or the making of such contract or sale.

       (6) DISCLOSURE OF INTEREST IN LEGISLATION.

       (a) Any member of the Village Board who has a financial interest or personal interest in
any proposed legislation before the Village Board shall disclose on the records of the Village
Board or the Ethics Committee created by this Chapter the nature and extent of such interest.

       (b) Any official or employee who has a financial interest or personal interest in any
proposed legislative action of the Village Board or any board, commission or committee upon
which the official or employee has any influence or input, or of which the official or employee is
a member, that is to make a recommendation or decision upon any item which is the subject of
the proposed legislative action shall disclose on the records of the Village Board or the
appropriate board, commission, committee, or the Ethics Committee the nature and extent of
such interest.

       28.07 ADVISORY OPINION. Any questions as to the interpretation of any provisions of
this Code of Ethics Chapter shall be referred to the Ethics Committee and/or the Village Board,
which, if it deems it necessary or appropriate, may request an advisory opinion from the Village
Attorney.

        28.08 ETHICS COMMITTEE.

        (1) There is hereby created an Ethics Committee to consist of members who shall serve
without compensation.

        (2) The membership of the Ethics Committee shall consist of five (5) members,
including at least three (3) Village residents, one (1) practicing attorney who is a member in
good standing of the State Bar of Wisconsin and one (1) Trustee. The Village Attorney shall
furnish the Committee with whatever legal assistance is necessary in carrying out its functions.
No member of the Ethics Committee, except the Trustee member, shall serve on any other

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Village committee or board, or be the spouse of any member of a Village committee or board.
[Am. 97-18, Eff. 5-5-97]


        (3) The members of the Ethics Committee shall be appointed by the Village President,
subject to confirmation by the Village Board. Terms of office of the members of the Ethics
Committee shall be three (3) years except that when the initial appointments are made, one (1)
member shall be appointed for one (1) year, two (2) of the members shall be appointed for two
(2) years, and two (2) of the members shall be appointed for three (3) years.

       (4) The Ethics Committee shall elect its own Chairperson, Vice President, and
Secretary and shall develop written rules of procedure which shall be submitted to the Village
Board for approval.

       (5) The Ethics Committee may make recommendations with respect to amendments to
this Code of Ethics Ordinance.

          28.09 JURISDICTION AND APPLICATION.

      (1) The Ethics Committee shall have administrative jurisdiction over this Code of Ethics
Chapter.

        (2) Upon the sworn complaint of any person alleging facts which, if true, would
constitute improper conduct under the provisions of this Chapter, the Ethics Committee shall
conduct an investigation of the facts of the complaint. The Committee shall conduct a public
hearing if there is probable cause to believe a violation of this Chapter has occurred. The
hearing will be held in accordance with the common law requirements of due process, including
the accused's rights to proper notice, an opportunity to be heard, an opportunity to cross-
examine witnesses and to present testimony and other evidence in support of his/her position
and an opportunity to be represented by counsel or other representatives. The Committee shall
make written findings of fact and issue a written decision concerning the propriety of the conduct
of the accused official or employee and shall refer the matter to the Village Board for final
disposition.

        (3) In the event a member of the Ethics Committee is allegedly involved in an Ethics
Code violation, the Village President, subject to the confirmation of the Village Board, shall
appoint another citizen to temporarily replace the member of the Committee who is under
investigation.

         (4) In the event an employee, covered under a collective bargaining agreement, is
allegedly involved in an Ethics Code violation, the terms and conditions set forth in the
applicable collective bargaining agreement shall prevail in the administration and interpretation
of this Ethics Code Chapter.

        28.10 SANCTIONS. Violation of any provisions of this Code should raise conscientious
questions for the official or employee concerned as to whether voluntary resignation or other
action is indicated to promote the best interests of the Village of DeForest. Violation of any
provision of this Chapter may constitute a cause for suspension, removal from office or
employment, or other disciplinary action. As an alternative or an addition to the sanctions
imposed herein, any person violating the provisions of this section shall be subject to a
nonreimbursable forfeiture of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25) nor more than two hundred
dollars ($200), plus costs.

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       28.11 DISTRIBUTION OF ETHICS CODE. The Village Administrator shall cause a
copy of this Code of Ethics to be distributed to every public official and employee of the Village
of DeForest within thirty (30) days after enactment of this Chapter. Each public official and
employee elected, appointed or engaged thereafter shall be furnished a copy before entering
upon his/her duties.
[Cr. 93-50, Eff. 12-24-93]




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