The Smarter Preschooler by P-IndependentPublish


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									The Smarter Preschooler
Author: Renee Mosiman, MA
Author: Mike Mosiman
Table of Contents

1. Intelligence: What Is It?
2. The Growing Mind: Your Preschooler’s Cognitive Development
3. All in the Family: The Impact of Familial Relationships on Intelligence
4. The Power of Print: What Reading Can Do for Your Child
5. Let’s Talk: Building Your Preschooler’s Verbal Skills
6. Playtime: The Benefits of Play
7. The Electronic Age: Do TV and Computers Really Help?
8. Mozart, Michelangelo, and Shakespeare: How the Arts Can Shape the Mind
9. The Home Front: Promoting Learning through Everyday Routines
10. Out and About: Engaging Your Youngster’s Mind While Doing Errands
11. Healthy Body, Healthy Mind: Exercise and Nutrition
12. Around Town: Community Resources
13. Preschool: Does My Child Need It?

Arranged in a clear and accessible format, this guide presents the latest research on how to develop a
child's intellect. Written to help parents create an enriched environment in and outside the home—the
discussion breaks intelligence down into several capabilities, including critical thinking, problem solving,
general knowledge, reading skills, vocabulary, oral comprehension, math skills, spatial ability, curiosity,
and creativity. This guide encourages parents to actively engage their children and provides lists of toys,
books, construction sets, card games, and props for pretend play to stimulate their minds, and a chapter
about television and computer use is provided. The book also includes a discussion of preschools to help
parents decide if an early formal education is best for their youngsters.

Intelligence:What Is It?WHAT DO WE MEAN when we say someone is “intelligent”? Are we referring to
someone who excels in academics? Has a great deal of general knowledge? Possesses a fantastic
memory? Is well-spoken? Ask ten people, and you will likely get ten different answers.Webster’s
Unabridged defines intelligence as the “capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms
of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships,
facts, meanings, etc.”1 The majority of clinical experts agree intelligence includes “verbal ability, problem-
solving skills, and the ability to learn from and adapt to the experiences of everyday life.”2Measuring
IntelligenceThe most widely accepted way to measure intelligence is the IQ test. In 1905, Frenchmen
Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon
were charged by the French Minister of Public Instruction
to develop a test to determine if a child should be placed
in special classes due to retardation.3 They created the 1905 scale that consisted of thirty questions that
tested a child’s comprehension, memory, and reasoning. By 1908, Binet devised the concept of mental
age that compared a child to his or her peers.4 For example, he would identify a six-year-old who had the
cognitive functioning of an eight-year-old as having a mental age of eight. William Stern built upon Binet’s
work by conceiving the intelligence quotient, or IQ, which was derived by dividing a person’s mental age
by their actual age, then multiplying by 100.5Since that time, IQ tests have evolved substantially. Today’s
scores are derived in comparison to one’s peers and then normally distributed. This means the results
form a bell curve, with most people having scores concentrated in the middle, around 100, while fewer
individuals have extremely low or high scores.6 (See Bell Curve Figure.)Today the two IQ tests most
widely used for preschool aged children are the Stanford-Binet Version 5 (SB5) and The Wechsler
Preschool Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSIIII). The SB5 is used for ages two through eighty-five.7
The examiner starts with questions based upon the chronological age of the person being tested; the
accuracy of the answers determines which questions to ask next. The SB5 consists of five factors, and
each contains a Verbal and Nonverbal section. They are:Fluid Reasoning: Object series and
analogiesKnowledge: General information and vocabularyQuantitative Reasoning: Problem solvingVisual-
Spatial Processing: Patterns and spatial orientationWorking Memory: Storing and manipulating dataThe
test provides three IQ scales: a Verbal IQ, a Nonverbal IQ, and a combined Full Scale IQ.The WPPSI-III is
designed specifically for ages two and one-half through seven. Like the SB5, the WPPSI-III contains two
sections: a Verbal scale, and a Nonverbal or Performance scale; the results of both are combined for a
Full Scale IQ score. The two sections have a total of fourteen subtests: seven in Verbal and seven in
Performance.The seven Verbal subtests are:Vocabulary: Give word...
Author Bio
Renee Mosiman, MA
Renee Mosiman, MA, has a masters degree in marriage and family therapy.

Mike Mosiman
Mike Mosiman is an aerospace engineer. They live in Mesa, Arizona.

"Plenty of practical suggestions and resource recommendations show parents how to create an
intellectually stimulating environment at home that promotes healthy academic, social, physical, and
emotional development."

"A straightforward and intelligent overview of many important aspects of cognitive-emotional development
in everyday language offering practical advice. Congratulations on a solid accomplishment!"

"The perfect book for parents of preschool aged children. Jam-packed with interesting information and
great learning ideas, The Smarter Preschooler offers parents the activities needed to unlock their child's
intellectual potential.

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