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Katie Germin Dr. Jacobs C Period Chemistry Web Reviews 3/28/01 Motivation From the first article, "Motivation" I learned that motivation is half the battle in order to do well is school. Someone cannot be motivated, they have to want to do well enough to put forth the effort, however this site provides many ways on how to motivate yourself. Motivation is the key to success in school. With motivation and the right state of mind anything is possible.

I found some very helpful ways to get motivated in this article:

One is to make a calendar. If you make a calendar you can put all of your assignments on it and can help you put your work in perspective. Calendars are great for many reasons -You can see when they are do and plan out each day how much time you should put into it so its not such a arduous task. Reward yourself. Do an hour of homework, then treat yourself by watching you favorite TV program. Your motivation for doing your homework is to watch your TV show. The average attention span is 20 minutes long- don’t try to do too much in a certain amount of time. Study small portions of material, take a break and then study some more. I learned that We retain a great deal more if we learn in small manageable portions, than when we attempt to learn a great deal of information at once. A good way to study is to start for 10-15 minutes at a time then to build up to longer periods of time. As you can see this website proved to be very helpful in providing ways on how to get motivated.



This site was especially helpful to me because often I find myself lacking motivation when it comes to schoolwork. I have trouble buckling down to start my homework and I was looking for ways on how to over come this. I would recommend this site to anyone who has trouble getting motivated. This website was extremely readable and easy to understand. The website was written in short paragraphs that made it easy to read. The concepts were given in a straightforward manner without complicated vocabulary and facts. This website is geared for high school/ college students, so it is easy to relate to all of the aspects and concepts they give. Sarah Fieber April 12, 2002 Dr. Jacobs "Motivation…"

2 and "Constructive Suggestions Regarding Motivation" Motivation is necessary in order to succeed. Anyone who participates in an activity or does any work at all has some source of motivation. Whether it be working out to feel and look better, participating in the "Day of Silence" to support a cause, or working hard in school to get good grades and get accepted at one’s college of choice, everything that people do has a motive behind it. However, motivation is a quality that many high school students seem to lack. Maybe it is because they feel as though the information that they are learning will never be useful to them, that they think their teachers are terrible, or that they simply "hate school." But as the UT Austin website states, "No one else is forcing you to do your work. You’ve decided to take it on. Don’t waste your energy in hostility toward others. Accept and live with your own decisions." It all boils down to what you want and what you are willing to do in order to get there. Minor setbacks often discourage people from trying. For example, if a student fails a French quiz, it could lead to him to not studying for a French test, and thereby not scoring well on it. Then, since he failed that test, he may feel like there is no point in trying in math; since he is already failing French, how could he possibly succeed in another subject? Instead of allowing "feelings of inadequacy to get you down… Think about all the things you do have going for you" and let those push you to succeed rather than letting a little problem hold you back. "Don’t worry about or dwell on things that go wrong. Concentrate on your successes. Remember that little successes build up just as quickly as little failures." Concentrating on making the ‘approaching your goal’ part of the process the rewarding part, not just the ‘reaching your goal’ stage is another way to increase one’s motivation. The Virginia Tech website included a "Motivation Checklist" that is aimed to help college students discover the sources of poor motivation. While reading this checklist, I was shocked at how many people that I know (either in high school or college) would be checking some of these things off. For example, one of the questions concentrates on distracting personal problems that could lead to lack of motivation. Often, when people I know are feeling unmotivated, something like "conflict with parents", "insecurity", "conflict with same sex", or "conflict with opposite sex" would qualify as the cause. The suggestions presented at the UT Austin website seem like encouraging and helpful ways to improve one’s motivation. Both sites are readable and understandable. The UT Austin site presents suggestions in bullet form and separates general motivation skills from academic ones. The Virginia Tech site also suggests ways to increase motivation, and then has a checklist. This list makes it easy for students to target the source of their poor motivation. Although both sites seem to be aimed at college students, they are perfectly suitable for high school students as well. The UT Austin website can be applied to anyone; although some of the suggestions about working may not apply to everyone, many of the suggestions the site presents are aimed at increasing one’s motivation in general and having a more positive outlook on life. The Virginia Tech site is clearly written for its student population, but by simply changing some of the wording in the checklist, one can make it apply to his life. For example, one of the things on the checklist is if one considers "College as means to ends other than learning." All of the things one can check below it (i.e. "to have a good time" and "to prove self-worth") can also be applied to high school. Both websites were well presented and clear. However, in order to improve the Virginia Tech website, I would include a suggestion box after the checklist so after completing the list, one could have some sort of plan of action.

3 Giorgio Hendrickson G prd. Chemistry Dr. Jacobs Motivation "Student Motivation to Learn" This web site, which is provided by an organization called Kidsource Online, has dedicated a part of their site to analyzing and discussing the topic of student motivation. The article starts out by giving background information on what student motivation is, and also differentiates between different types of motivation. For example it states that a student who is INTRINSICALLY motivated undertakes an activity "for its own sake, for the enjoyment it provides, the learning it permits, or the feelings of accomplishment it evokes". An EXTRINSICALLY motivated student performs "in order to obtain some reward or avoid some punishment external to the activity itself," such as grades, stickers, or teacher approval. It later discusses whether or not it matters if someone is intrinsically or extrinsically motivated. It then provides reasons to why they think it does matter. As you keep reading down the article, it discusses other topics, such as how motivation is influenced and how it can be fostered in school environments. Finally, it provides opinions on how students that are unmotivated can be helped. The site also provides other relates articles and forums for those who wish to continue reading about the topic. This web site is written very clearly and in an interesting way. It was very interesting to read about the different types of motivation because I never knew they were categorized. The site also gives the readers many valuable views and opinions on the topic. Since the lack of motivation many times affects many students (even very smart ones) it is a very interesting site to read. It would probably be most appealing or helpful for parents and teachers with kids who are unmotivated, but it would also be helpful for high school students who are affected by this: which all are at some point. Overall, I recommend reading this site because it gives you valuable ideas about the topic. Sharon Casey December 6, 2001 Dr. Jacobs D Period Chemistry Motivation This web site informed me of the three steps that it takes to have motivation in all of my classes at school. It gave pointers and ideas about how I could improve my motivation skills, and in turn, do better in school. The three parts to motivation are attitude, drive, and strategy. These three things, described as the keys to motivation, are very important in discovering your real motivation in schoolwork. The three parts of motivation, in more detail, involve attitude. Attitude is the overall ideas and beliefs that you have for yourself and in turn, have the confidence to have a good attitude all the time. A person’s attitude includes the ideas that they think they can achieve, and it holds their capabilities in themselves as well. Drive, the second component, has to do with the will you have to complete certain assignments. The amount of value you place on the item also has to do with your drive to complete it. With no drive, there is no reason for you to complete the assignment. Something must have value to have any importance. Strategy is the way people achieve the things that they put before themselves. With their drive and attitude, it is the outcome of their work. Strategy is the way someone performs what they have finally achieved the drive to do. The result of

4 motivation, or the act of finishing something, (what a concept) is called cognitive engagement. This involves the motivation that it has taken the student to complete the assignment. If someone has taken minimal effort, their learning strategies are not improved by a large margin. The more motivation you put into your assignments, the more you learn. Overall, I think that the three parts to motivation; attitude, drive, and strategy are very important in remembering that motivation is a very important thing to have. Without it, how do things get done? This web site makes it a thing that is very straightforward. Motivation depends on your attitude about the assignment, your drive, or value that you put on the assignment, and your strategy to get it done. Katie Torski October 3, 2001 Dr. Jacobs Motivate Yourself, Learning Skills Unit This online pamphlet was very helpful. I learned that not only do I have to set study-related goals for myself but that the goals can not be vague. The pamphlet recommends setting measurable goals along with clear short-term goals. Once the goals are set, the next step it to set a time frame by listing tasks that need to get done and then crossing the completed ones off. This supposedly leads to more confidence since you can easily see that you completed some or all of your days’ tasks. Another helpful tip was to build rewards into your deadlines. The pamphlet says that many times goals and deadlines end with "or else!" rather than a positive result. I know that this is very true for me and that perhaps a small positive reward every now and than will help. One thing I now know I have to work on is breaking large assignments into manageable pieces. If I can keep myself from getting overwhelmed there is a greater possibility that I will not be rushing to complete a long-term assignment the night before it is due. This pamphlet stresses the importance of focusing on what you have accomplished not on what was neglected. Both acknowledging that you have finished some of your tasks, as well as being realistic about the length of the lists that you make, will help you become more productive. Although a tip that I will most likely ignore, joining a study group is recommended. I find that many of the "study groups" become gab feasts and therefore no real work gets accomplished. The last tip was very helpful. It is to know where you stand and find out what went wrong. It is always important for you to be able to take something positive away. This site is set up with three large headings "Make sure you have clear goals, Get a different perspective, and Other ways around it" broken up into many different sub topics. Each topic is easy to understand and clearly states examples for practical use. I would recommend this site to any high school student who finds it difficult to become motivated since the tips are very helpful. Scott Ragazzini 11/21/01 Dr. Jacobs Motivation… University of Austin, Texas I learned so many useful things from this site that I can’t even state them all with out this web review being over a page single spaced. One very interesting thing in particular was the statement, "If you’re irrationally afraid of something, do it a lot; the fear will wear off." Whenever I was afraid to write a lab in chemistry, I would just put it off and then I would find myself doing it right before the deadline and that definitely wasn’t fun at all. I never knew that if I was afraid of writing it, to just keep going at it and the fear would go away and it could actually become fun. I can now use that attitude for all of my classes and school might actually become a very enjoyable experience. The format of the material on the site is very simple. There are two sections and in each section,

5 there are single sentences that are spaced out like notes. Even though, at first glance, the site may seem like it is lacking depth and couldn’t possibly help anybody, each individual sentence is so useful and deep in meaning that it could be a full paragraph. Each sentence is easy to understand and is useable in real life situations. This site is not only suitable for high school students, but for all other people that aren’t in school that need help with motivation. High school students can also apply this help with situations outside of school. It would definitely be a plus if there were even more sentences for each section, but I think the amount already present is more than enough for an excellent site. Erica Chargar Dr. Jacobs – Chemistry 3 "Understanding Human Motivation" http:/// March 7, 2002 This web page, "Understanding Human Motivation," is an analysis of some of the thoughts Abraham Maslow, and great psychologist and sociologist from Chicago. Maslow created a hierarchy of motivation. The first level is the physiological level, which means that one must satisfy motivations such as hunger, thirst, and shelter. The second level is the safety level which includes motivations such as security and protection from emotional as well as physical harm. The third level is the social level, in which one must fulfill such motivations as belonging, acceptance, friendship, and affection. The fourth level is the esteem level which includes two parts. Internal motivations that need to be satisfied on the ego level are achievement, self respect, and autonomy; and the external ones are recognition, attention, and status. The final level is the self actualization level when you actually do things, and to reach this level, all of the previous levels of motivation must be satisfied. This level is the one in which "a musician must make music…" and that a man must do what he is meant to. The self actualization however, may get lost if other motivations are not fulfilled. All in all, this web page is very informative and interesting. However, it wouldn’t be very useful to a high school student who is trying to improve their motivation. Kate Williams February 3, 2002 Dr. Jacobs Motivation I chose to read a web site about motivation for reasons related specifically to chemistry. Sometimes I am not as driven in chemistry as I am in my other classes because I find it so difficult and far more time-consuming than any other course I have ever taken. That’s not to say that I take easy classes, because that’s not the case – but I think anyone at Wilton High School who is currently in, or has in the past taken chemistry would agree that it requires much more time outside of the classroom than anything else. It’s very frustrating at times, spending almost every free period in the chemistry room, and always having something to do. The problem with me and most other students is that we need more motivation. This web page provided useful information and gave me new attitudes concerning chemistry. The first thing it did was to state the obvious, by saying to attend classes because it’s so hard to catch up if you’re missed anything. This is well-known at WHS, and although chemistry would be an extremely easy class to cut, no one does it because they know it is impossible to get back up to speed after missing a lecture or class discussions, labs, homework assignments, etc. A less obvious pointer given in this article was to get on top of things, and make deadlines for yourself to be caught

6 up and remain there. Nothing is more important in chemistry than to not fall behind. Once you’re behind, due to procrastination or whatever else, it’s very difficult to get caught up. Additionally, the page gave the tip to keep rewarding yourself. I think this is really important because without recognizing the good things, people tend to focus on only the bad things, which is definitely a thinking error. Lastly, the site reminded readers that we are in charge. Once we have work to do, we need to do it rather than waiting around until suddenly we have 3 or 4 hours to kill. Fit it into your schedule, and be routine with work. The site is very readable because it is designed with bullets and bold-face headings. It’s very short but very helpful. The concepts are easy to understand, and it’s definitely suitable for a high school student. The site could have been improved by not saying to make college a full-time job, and having it the first priority right now. I think college is extremely important, and I think about it a lot since I’m a second semester junior in high school, but I don’t think anyone would disagree that other things such as family come first before anything else, even college. Jason Quinn 6/12/02 Dr. Jacobs H Period Student Motivation To Learn. ERIC Digest, Number 92 I chose to read sites about motivation, to determine what exactly causes a student to want to learn. There are many classes at the high school that I just do not want to work hard in, not because of lack of interest, but because I lack the motivation. I have often thought that this was due to a lack of respect for the teacher, because he or she seem to be abusing their power and I feel that this is part of the reason. However, after reading the section of this site about intrinsically and extrinsically, I have discovered that my lack of motivation is because I am an extrinsically motivated students. According to the site, this means that I work, ""IN ORDER TO obtain some reward or avoid some punishment external to the activity itself," such as grades, stickers, or teacher approval (Lepper)." I found this interesting and I read more into how students become extrinsically motivated, as opposed to intrinsically motivated where students want to learn because they enjoy it and achieve a sense of accomplishment. Students become one of these ways due to their upbringing. I think that I have become extrinsically motivated, because I have often been given some type of reward for my hard work, and I have not just worked hard because I wanted to understand all of the information. There is one sentence in the site that really surprised me, which is that "extrinsically oriented students gravitate toward tasks that are low in degree of difficulty. Extrinsically oriented students are inclined to put forth the minimal amount of effort necessary to get the maximal reward (Lepper)." I think that this is something that is very true for me in those classes that I do not "care" and I do not feel that this is a good attitude to have but it is better than no motivation at all. Overall, I think that this site contains a lot of good information and information that I did not know before. The site is easy to read, and it contains a lot of information, but everything is explained well. Finally, I feel that the site is very suitable for a high school student. Not only does it discuss different student mentalities, but it also gives suggestions for how to become motivated if you are not. Therefore I feel that it is worthwhile for high school students to read. The only thing that I would like to see different about the site, is just that it be updated because I would like to see more current information about student motivation. Maggie Costich November 22, 2002 D Period Chemistry Dr. Jacobs

7 Web Review: Self Motivation There are not enough positive things one can say about this website. is a website dedicated to students who struggle in trying to motivate themselves and who often end up procrastinating. The author of the site is truly dedicated to trying to improve the study habits of the children who visit his site. The website breaks down the topic of self-motivation into several smaller sections, among them: "passions and interests", "the process of self motivation", other related topics. Trying to get the reader to become more interested in his or her self, the author of the website suggests taking time out to explore one’s interests and hobbies. "What are your life's passions? Do you even have any? Some people have any motivation to do anything because they don't have any passions. Other people are stuck in lifestyles which are contrary to their passions, or which leave them no time to pursue their passions. Many people have no idea what their passions are--much less how to include them in their lives." Passions are different from pleasures, as the author of the website points out. Therefore, the first step in becoming more self- motivated is to distinguish the differences between are passion and our pleasures. Passions are things that add "vitality to life" or, in other words, are things that make are life more exciting and worth living. Pleasures, on the other hand, exist simply to make our life more enjoyable. After completing this step, one must act in a courageous and confident manner and begin ask his or herself what they want to achieve in life. It is only after taking these steps can one continue down the path of happiness and success. However, the author also took into consideration, that one might become sidetracked while on his or her journey. For this reason, the author added additional links dealing with how to start getting motivated, how to stay motivated, and even how to improve one’s study habits. In addition, the layout of this website was very well thought out, for it is easy to progress from one screen to the next. There is also a plethora of information available on this website. Articles relating to the topic being discussed are listed to the side. I would recommend this website to anybody who has ever procrastinated in his or her life or for anyone who is constantly asking his or herself why they should even bother. This website is extremely helpful and can help people to become motivated. Ellen de Moll Chemistry: Jacobs- D/C Date of Review: September 5, 2002 Subject: Motivation "Motivation-" University of Texas This article was very useful and successfully achieved its goal. I finished reading it better aware of methods to keep myself motivated and optimistic even when faced with a mountain of work. Comfortable environments and pacing your work habits make the load seem more bearable. Giving yourself "pep talks" helps keep your out-look optimistic, and exaggerating a bad situation puts it into perspective. I found the site to be very readable, and most of the statements clearly and concisely made inspirational points. The message and usefulness of this site is incredibly useful for high school students because it provides helpful information that can help teenagers deal with their stress and avoid depression. This is very important in the hectic lives teenagers lead today. Also, this motivation and tips for a happier work ethic can give some students the right perspective they

8 need for attempting daunting tasks. I would not change this site because I feel that it already provides the helpful information in a extremely convenient way. "General principals of motivation-" Unknown source, Honolulu Community College While this article did enlighten me on several key issues of motivation, I do not feel that this is a useful site. The organization of the site, while very categorized, did not help me in its understanding. Sentences were not concise and did not inspire motivation. This site is almost completely irrelevant for students because it explains motivation from a teacher’s perspective. It does not help a student learn to motivate themselves. Yet, I did learn the importance of internal, rather than external, motivation because if a student’s pursuits as based solely on external encouragement they work only for the satisfaction of a reward. I would change this site by more clearly stating the key points concerning a teacher’s understanding of students’ motivation. "Motivation" University of South Minnesota Duluth This site is short and states its points firmly. It asks questions that cause you to re-examine your own goals and what your motivation is to reach them. The site explains how goal-setting is a vital form of motivation, and how motivation is crucial to success. Basically, I learned that motivation fuels all of your pursuits throughout life. In its brevity, the article retains the reader’s attention and makes its argument. If a student can look beyond the article’s specific audience of college students and apply it to their own lives, this site is very beneficial. I would not change this site, except to exchange the references to "college" to "life" because its concepts can be applied throughout life. Danielle Hatem April 23, 2003 F Period Dr. Jacobs "Motivation" This web site contained inspirational thoughts and pieces of advice about the different ways a person can get and, sometimes more importantly, stay motivated. The University of Texas breaks down the site into two categories, motivation about yourself, and how to get motivated about work. For example, they suggest that you write down the goals and priorities you set for yourself so that they can be reread in times when you find yourself to be less motivated. They also advocate staying away from perfectionist tactics that focus on the outcome of your task, rather than highlighting the journey up to that point, no matter if you reach your goal or not. They also emphasize the importance of looking at the positives rather than the negatives about yourself, because all too often we dwell on our mistakes and little failures, while ignoring the just as numerous little successes. The site also cautions procrastination, because they point out that starting earlier means that you’re able to recognize mistakes and when you’re going in the wrong direction sooner, which means that you’ll have more time to fix these errors.

9 I found this site to be very easy to read, not only because of the information it contained, but also because of its physical layout. The site is set up so that one can easily distinguish one point from the proceeding one, which makes it easier to focus on the perspective at present. I would advise and student looking for ways to improve their level of motivation to read this page, because many valuable tips are contained within. Jamie Ringel 2.15.04 Chemistry-D Web Review: Motivation University of Texas: University of Minnesota: Honolulu Community College: While reading the site from the University of Texas, a bunch of memories from 5th grade You ARE a Special Person presentation came over me. Though it might help a person looking for cheap and idealistic reinforcement on why they’re a valid addition to our world, it definitely lacks the characteristics which would give a reader useful tips on how to approach his/her work with the proper amount of motivation. In fact, I learned that giving yourself a pep talk after completing an assignment always boosts the moral and motivation of the student. Unfortunately, when dealing with chemistry or another fairly demanding subject, a quick "you can do it" doesn’t usually provide the motivation to continue plugging away at the seemingly impossible problem. There would be no need to sum up my review of this site except that it would be a waste of time, but a quick laugh. The University of Minnesota gave an equally tedious and mind dulling version of the factors that make up a person with motivation. Though the site did include the advantages of having motivation when starting something difficult and also knowing that motivation must come from within to count, not once where there steps on how to reach that place. I understood the necessity for motivation, but I had no means of reaching it. At last there was light at the end of the tunnel when Honolulu Community College not only included all of the information given by the above site, but the means to get there. While including why motivation is so necessary and also overlooked, they gave numerous examples of common problems that people run into when delving into something difficult with the wrong attitude and then how to re-approach the problem or subject with the correct attitude; motivation being one of the factors towards getting the right attitude. Though there was some digging done to get the information that really counted, I realized how through learning how to motivation yourself, you can come out with the right attitude, ultimately equally success at less of a price. Allison Cole Dr. Jacobs D period Web Review: Motivation Motivation is something that can be very hard to come by, especially if you are going through a hard time in your life. We all need motivation to go through our life. We all need some driving force which makes us want to work harder and feel better about ourselves. Motivation could be the recognition of a higher purpose in life, or just simply a desire to do better on a test. Either way, it is

10 good to learn how to channel more motivation into what we want to do so we can accomplish our goals on life. Essentially, sometimes we need a little motivation to want to get motivated. The University of Texas at Austin has a website with amazing suggestions about how to motivate yourself. The suggestions are short, yet so powerful and meaningful. One of my favorite pieces of advice was "Be willing to risk failure for something you really care about. Be willing to risk success, too!" Often times we are afraid to really put ourselves out there and bear our soul for something we believe in because we are afraid of failure. But if we are really motivated and truly care about a certain goal, risking failure is worth it. Another quote I found particularly useful was "Don't be a perfectionist. Make approaching your goals the basis of your self-respect rather than reaching your goals." Sometimes our perfection paralyzes us, and we are unable to take risks because we are afraid of messing up. It is better to put yourself out on a limb and approach your goals, even if they are not realized perfectly. However, my absolute favorite piece of advice the University of Texas offers which is particularly meaningful to me is "Don't worry about or dwell on things that go wrong. Concentrate on your successes. Remember that little successes build up just as quickly as little failures." The University of Texas essentially suggests that people put their mistakes and failures into perspective and not get bogged down by them. Feelings of inadequacy or defeat should never hold back your motivation to strive to succeed. As philosophical and deep some of the suggestions are, there is also a separate section on motivation for work in general that is applicable to school. "Pure, unadulterated motivation is rare (most of the time); you just have to keep plugging away." No matter how stressed out or bogged down you may feel about schoolwork, you just have to keep working away and trust that it will all work out in the end. "If you have a long, hard task, make it as comfortable for you as possible. Do it in short bits (but stay with it), do it wearing comfortable clothes, among friends, in familiar surroundings, with whatever you need to keep your spirits up while you work at it." This is amazing advice for any upcoming major projects. I will try to focus on the goal ahead and work on it in small increments. My favorite advice about working hard is "No one else is forcing you to do your work. You've decided to take it on. Don't waste your energy in hostility toward others. Accept and live with your own decisions." You must have enough pride in yourself to motivate yourself to do well. As the quote says, no one else is forcing you to do work, so you might as well do your best. The advice in this article will surely help me in the future when I am struggling to find motivation! Ashley Stephens November 7, 2003 Dr. Jacobs "Inspiration: Positive Approaches" "Self Motivation Strategies" - Dare2BU Inc. Everyday turns out the way we make it out to be. We are each in charge of our own lives and, although we may not be able to control every event in our lives, we are able to control how we see life and how we respond to each situation. As I converse with my classmates and friends, each day I hear more and more of a negative attitude that I attempt to disregard. These people seem to be devoid of self-confidence and motivation to accomplish anything that they strive to achieve. I researched how to have a more positive lifestyle from to help those of us who lack the inspiration to accomplish our goals. All people have goals and desires to be or have something else. Everyone must start with a change in his or her own life, but this change may be hard or inconvenient to their way of doing things. Most people, when they try to set goals, set their sights way beyond the clouds and then the ideas seem impossible to achieve. The first thing to do is to set realistic goals for your self and

11 accomplish them, little by little and one step at a time. For instance, I have received a D in my chemistry class and I want to raise my grade to an A by the end of the semester. Now, seeing how it is already the second quarter in 2 days this goal seems to be unreachable, so I change my goals. I tell myself that I will start by doing everything to obtain an A on the next assignment, and then the one after that, etc. After attaining higher grades on these smaller assignments, I will conclude the semester with a much higher grade than that D I had before, even possibly an A. You must also be sure not to get stressed out through this process, so it is a good thought to enjoy yourself along the way. The website above included the quote, "A journey of a thousand miles starts with one step" and I found this to express the ideas of motivation perfectly. The second thing to do is to surround your self with a positive atmosphere. Never think badly of yourself and always believe that you are capable of completing whatever task you are striving for. Post symbols around your room or work area that pertain to your goals. For instance, when people want to work out but are unmotivated, they look at pictures of body builders or a person’s body that is in the exact shape that they want. This helps them to get motivated and think that they can be just like that other person. Those who think negatively tend to try to influence others to think the same ways as they do. It is a good idea to find a person or a group of people who have been in or are experiencing your situation so that you all can share your views and feelings along the way to your successes. By conversing with others, you are able to learn from their mistakes and triumphs. Coming off to others as a positive thinker is very important, especially when you seek help from others who were in your place. Make these people feel like they are the knowlegable, useful ones. Now, people have are influenced over their years of how and what to think. It maybe hard for you and others to maintain positive thoughts, so here is how this works. Everyone has a locus of control. A person’s locus of control is what determines how that person views life. When a person knows that they have control over his or her own life and the events that construct it, they have what is called an internal locus of control. When a person believes that outside forces are responsible for what happens in his or her own life, they have an external locus of control. Of course, it is good to strive to have the internal locus of control versus the external. Some ways of accomplishing this is through different forms of therapy or activities in which you are relaxed and carefree. Music therapy is a very popular approach to creating an internal locus of control. Listen to upbeat music with positive lyrics and soothing thoughts. suggests avoiding songs pertaining to violence or lost love. This is proven to cause attitudes to soar and be more optimistic in hapless situations. I, myself, need a little bit of motivation from time to time, and I am able to accomplish it. If you or a friend are having problems accomplishing goals or being happy and successful, then try these strides towards being a more happy individual. You will see a drastic change in your attitude and lifestyle, and I wish you the best of luck with your aspirations. Colleen Meehan Dr. Jacobs Period D November 6, 2003 Motivate Yourself This article discusses ways in which a person can motivate himself or herself through optimism and goal making. A tip that the article gives an example of is thinking back to a time when you felt god

12 about the work that you accomplished. It states that although you may get stuck into work that you do not enjoy, find any way to make it fun for you. Setting goals for yourself or small tasks. You should set more than one tasks so that you have an option of which you would want to do first, and maybe along the way your excitement for the other task will grow. Popular techniques are becoming increasingly popular. These techniques are visualization, meditation, exercise and affirmations. You must visualize yourself being productive and successful for you to become motivated to do so. The article also states that you must remember, if you do not actually get to your tasks in that day, then you do not achieve anything and you are adding to your problem instead of helping it. Finally, if you cannot find any way of getting satisfaction out of the job or task that you must do, the best way is to just find a new job to do. Avoid getting into situations such as these before they become a problem in your life, therefore you can keep your mind motivated on tasks you wish to do. Esther Lee 5 February 04 Dr. Jacobs Student Motivation In this website, the Educational Resources Information Center states students loose their inspiration and passion the older they get. Majority of the time, students are physically present in the classroom but mentally absent. Student motivation is student’s desire to participate in the learning process and there are many ways that could influence the development of student motivation. 1. Home Environment

Parents’ ways of teaching and helping to stimulate students’ curiosity is important

1. Teachers

Beliefs and attitude of the teacher in thinking they are not only teaching but learning along with the students usually inspire and help the students to have a positive attitude toward learning

1. School

School wide goals, policies, and procedures interact with classroom climate and alter students' increasingly complex learning-related attitudes and beliefs

Keeping students motivated is extremely important in learning because when intrinsically motivated, students tend to employ strategies that demand more effort and that enable them to process information more deeply. There are ways to help unmotivated students as well. 1. Concentrate on the tasks rather than failure 2. Respond to frustration by finding mistakes or figuring out alternative ways of approaching a problem instead of giving up

13 3. Attribute their failures to insufficient effort, lack of information, or reliance on ineffective strategies rather than to lack of ability Other potentially useful strategies include: 1. Portray effort as investment rather than risk 2. Portray skill development as incremental and domain-specific 3. Focus on mastery

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