1 Burnout Ginny Fuller March 18, 2001 "Burnout" Stress and Burnout http://www.stressdoc.com/Stress_burn.htm At first appearance the site seems very welcoming and easy to navigate with the list of different subjects addressed on the introductionary page. However, after traveling to a few of these pages their names seemed to be misguiding. For example, the link entitled "Back to ‘Reality’ and ‘Relaxation’" makes the reader belief that this page would have informative advice on controlling stress and burnout. However, the page actually deals with the author’s own story of overcoming stress and relaxation; in one perspective this was a satisfactory title for such a content even though it was not expected, and it did include ways in which to be relaxed. This site also seems to be directed more to employers and how to deal with their employees. For example, "Dr. Stress’s" five keys to managing burnout are: 1) Group Grieving, 2) Fireproofing Against Burnout, 3) Enhancing Risk-Taking, 4) Building Team Spirit and 5) Sharpening the Career/Existential Dilemma. I was able to get useful information on the signs of stress --Exhaustion – never giving yourself time to relax Sleeping Patterns – not getting enough because you are up late at night checking e-mail or working Eating Patterns – Eating a lot or none at all when stressed Sighing - you find yourself increasingly engaged in labored breathing or deep, heartfelt sighs Boredom – is your routine making your bored In overall I did not believe this site was very readable for the normal high school student – being more directed to our elders. However, if you dig deep enough into the essay format of the site you can find useful information. Sarah Fuller Dr. Jacobs – H period November 8, 2001 Student's Burnout Brings on Breakdown http://www.vwc.edu/news_events/publications/chronicle/2_13_98/burnout.htm In high school, a common adjective used among the students are the words stressed out. I have never met a single person who can admit truthfully that they have not been at the point of breaking at least once. A burnout is when someone goes from stressed to a complete breakdown, both mentally and physically. This web site is pretty much the story of one college student’s experience with a burnout. She starts off the story by describing how she was standing in front of her class giving a presentation when all of a sudden the words start to swim across the page. This was the first sign of her burn out. She continues with her story about how it was more long term than just a couple of days, and how she sought professional help. The author sites some of her symptoms as: getting physically sick; usual pleasures being irritating (such as warm bath water), sleeplessness, and everything being amplified such as light and noise. She became very irritable and was constantly crying. The professional help that she sought taught her some things that have now also been taught to me. It was all really common sense, and things that we already knew. In order to 2 prevent this and to help sure this you need food, sleep, exercise and rest for our minds. When we become burnt-out it is our body telling us that we need a big time break. The author also notes some things that may help in everyday situations. One of these examples was to take a 20 second break from work, or to turn on your radio and dance to a song. By doing this you are releasing all of the pent up stress that has accumulated during your crunch time. She claims that these tiny things can stop daily stress and prevent sickness. This site is very easy to read, even if it is hard to grasp some of the facts through the story. But the whole concept of having the site in a story form makes it easy to relate to and therefore its concepts are easy to understand. Although this site is directed towards the college students (it was one who wrote it) it can be related to by high school students in some shape, way or form. Other factors that I believe are relevant are that even though this site was interesting to read it did not provide much information about the subject at hand. Mostly the site goes over an individual’s struggle to get over it, with out explaining to us the details. Perhaps if she went into more detail and gave more concrete suggestions on what to do in this type of situation, then it would have been a better article. Annika Bickford Chem 3, Dr. Jacobs May 25, 2001 Stress and Burnout: What They are and How to Cope http://www.manhattan.edu/stntlife/ccenter/articles/stress/asp-srem.html This site explains exactly what stress is, and describes the three stages: the alarm reaction, the resistance stage where the body reacts to the constant stress, and finally the exhaustion stage that occurs after a long period of time under stress. I never really thought about the different stages of stress, but only that stress is a horrible thing! Burnout, as a result, is the body’s inability to respond to an enormous amount of stress. Changes in attitude, emotions, and physical state are likely to occur. Stress and burnout are things that everyone wants to avoid, but unfortunately too many people can’t. This site lists the many signs of stress, such as irritability, fatigue, anger, and headaches. By knowing some of the signs, you can try to realize the condition you are in and try to relax yourself before you become too burned and stressed out. Five main suggestions are offered here, to help you cope with burnout and stress. The one suggestion that really stood out in my mind which I had never thought of before is to create a 2-week log, and write down who, where, and when you find yourself most stressed. Look at the pattern, then address what is changeable. This is a very clever idea because it allows you to look at your life in chunks of time, when you feel most stressed out and you can easily see what is causing such stress. Students especially undergo a great deal of stress, whether it be out on the sports field, in the family, or most likely in school. This site has helped me to understand exactly what stress is and how I can go about to avoid it and ease it. Greg Perez 5/01 G Period Burnout http://www.choicepoints.com/solutions.html For my first web review, I reviewed burnouts on the website called "Break the Burnout Cycle!" It was a very informative and well laid out site. The first part of the site is the "Problem" section. In this section, the author, Ruth Luban introduces herself. She goes into detail about what she does and then explains that she once suffered from burnout. This would be very comforting for someone 3 to know if they were looking for help. They would see that there is help and that even the author of this web page and the book that it is from also had that same problem. Then, Luban defined burnout as, "Burnout is a gradual erosion of one's energy and spirit as the result of chronic, longterm stress." Right away, the reader knows what is going on and they can be sure about all the details. The rest of the list covers in great detail what burnout is, who burns out, diagnosing burnout, the burnout process, "Where are you on the burnout barometer?", and burnout out stats. This part of the web page is very informative. The article mainly says that the smartest high achievers burn out the easiest because of stress. There are physical, emotional, and mental signs of burnout that can easily be seen. Then, there is a 9-question quiz that shows the reader if they are burned out and where they are in the "process". The list ends with many percentages and numbers about families, stress, and other miscellaneous items. The second part of the website is the "Solutions!" section. This gives many helpful tips and hints on recovering from burnout. The author has an actual program called "Choice Points" which is her own way she got over burnout. Generally, in order to get over or avoid burnout a person must keep a schedule with something always going on, but not to the point where there is too much you have to do. They must also seek help if they are in the late stages of burnout. This article was very helpful and informative to me even though I am not suffering from burnout. It goes into great detail and is laid out very well. Even though was quite long, it was not boring to read because the topics were split up and they were in thin columns so it would not take forever to read one line. A student in high school would find this web page very helpful. From this web page, I learned how to cope with burn out, and all the symptoms of it. It will always turn out to be helpful in the future when my schedule gets more and more hectic. Tracey Williams Dr. Jacobs – B period "Burnout; what it is and what you can do" http://www.aomc.org/HOD2/general/stress-BURNOUT.html This is also another topic that many high school students can most likely relate to; burnout. The site is divided up into four different sub-topics: what is it and what can you do, causes and symptoms, recognize the problem, and make changes. Anyone can suffer from a burnout. It is when someone feels seriously stressed out and unable to cope with anything. However, this can be avoided when you learn about its causes and symptoms and how to recognize the problem. Also, there are ways to change your environment to reduce stressful situations. Burnout occurs mostly in people who feel overworked and unappreciated, so they become disappointed and even cynical, also they may even feel guilty and ashamed. Symptoms include mental and physical exhaustion, hopelessness, helplessness, low spirit and self-esteem, and frequent illness. In recognizing the problem, the first step of coping with burnout is specifically defining the problem. Then, by accepting that situation you can move forward to reduce feelings of resentment and guilt. Making changes in both yourself and your environment can help prevent burnout. First, analyze the situation because you have more ability to change your environment than you think. Then, take positive action such as, if lack of appreciation on the job is damaging morale, coworkers can make a group effort to compliment one another on their accomplishments. Use this chance to make burnout a first step toward greater satisfaction. 4 I found this site to be well organized, very easy to navigate, somewhat limited in resources, yet very informative. I recommend it to those who are looking for a clear-cut analysis of what burnout is. Max Schwendner Dr. Jacobs Period: E Monday, May 21, 2001 Teacher Burnout- Memphis Flyer http://www.desert.net/ww/10-27-97/memphis_cvr.html When I had my teacher check my web review sheet, the first thing he said was, "Teacher Burnout!?" Since this is my last quarter for web reviews I wanted to try something different. Although, to tell the truth, I was not expecting anything out of this experience, I learned a tremendous amount about what teachers go through. This site is readable, however compared with other sites; it is a little bit harder. This is a very long site, filled with quotes, after a while it looses your attention a little. However it packs a powerful punch. I learned a lot about what my teachers go through. I have two new teachers this year, one of which has a great handle on the class, the other doesn’t have such a good grasp. Through this article I learned a lot about what they are going through. The website is suitable for a high school student, because teachers at high schools go through this process, burnout, especially quick. Students, when they are in high school, are especially rowdy, they feel obligated to show off, and thus disrespect their teachers in front of their peers. Although, the concept does not exactly affect students, teacher burnout is something that members of the school community have to deal with. I learned that being a new teacher is a lot like being a new student, you don’t know anyone, nor do you know what to do. I now have a more accepting attitude towards new teachers than I had before I read this article, it is very well thought out, and is very thoughtful. My only suggestion would be to shorten up the article a little, as the reader is often distracted due to its length. Sharon Casey April 9, 2002 D Period Dr. Jacobs "Relaxation, Balance Necessary for Preventing Student Burnout" http://www.spub.ksu.edu/issues/v101/sp/n118/cam-balance-langford.html At the end of the quarter, many teachers try and pile the work onto their students to squeeze things in that have not yet been covered. This can be an extremely stressful time and many students find themselves in a difficult and stressful situation at this time of year. Through reading this site, I learned about how I can manage my time to prevent burnout in high school and college. The site was very informational and to the point. It was very easy to read and it gave the information flat out and presented it in an easily comprehendible way. The article started out with an interest fact that gave you the number of hours, minutes, and seconds in a day. This helped you to understand that the author knew what they were talking about. The author understands that students go through excessive stresses that can cause huge detriment to their lives. Also, this site offered a few precautions to take when you feel stress coming on. One thing was to plan ahead and use a calendar, as well as planning your time in advance and preparing yourself for the busy schedule. Another was a very different way of dealing with stress. This site comes from Kansas State University, which has a unique program that offers de-stressing help from professors and counselors. Students have the opportunity to have five free counseling sessions to discuss how they can organize and plan their time more efficiently to prevent burnout. Also, there is a computerized monitoring system called biofeedback that can monitor students’ skin temperature, sweat, muscle tension, heart rate, and respiration. By monitoring these things in their body, students are taught how to control their stress 5 by responding to their bodily responses to stress. One student said that it helps her have an outside help other than friends and baths and relaxation methods that are more common. I think that having this system would be a great privilege to see how stress can be prevented and ultimately, burnout. This website is definitely suitable for a high school student offering several suggestions at the bottom, which encourage sufficient time being allotted for school work, a comfortable setting, and practicing daily eating habits for a few examples. This site helped me a lot to organize my time better and to help plan in the future to prevent burnout from school. By using these preventative skills, I hope to plan ahead for the final quarter of the year and prevent burnout and maybe even all stress from my school life. Meghan Anderson October 12, 2001 Dr. Jacobs Burnout: What It Is and What You Can Do. http://www.aomc.org/HOD2/general/stress-BURNOUT.html This website, created by Arnot Ogden Medical Center was extremely informitive of the subject of burnout. I learned alot more about stress, as well as burnout and how to cope with these conditions that i had not known before. I did not know that when a person is burntout, that they feel guilty and ashamed, or that bunrout out is common in helping professions such as nursing. I thought when a person feels burntout, that they have too many tasks occuring at one time and feel an overwhelming amount of stress. I also learned that when you are coping with burnout, its best to recognize the problem that is causing the immense amount of stress and try to help the situtation by changing at least one thing about the task. I also did not know that to help burnout, you should develop skills like rish-taking or talking more often to friends to help change your outlook about the task that is causing stress. Now that i have read this website, i have realized that im no where near burning out, but to prevent stress, i should develop skills like a little more risktaking and not concentrate all the time on things that are causing me stress. I thought this website was excellent. The setup is clear and orderly and extreremly easy to follow and read. The concepts are also easy to grasp, because the authors put the information in a way that is easy to relate to and understand. However, i think that this website may relate better to a person in a stressful position as a profession (such as nursing). There were a few things that a professional could relate to, rather than a student in highschool. The only thing i would change on this website, would be to have a section relating to pupils of highschool/college and specific ways students can cope with stress without reaching the point of burnout. After reading this website, i realized that im no where near burning out, highschoolers can be extremely stressed, but can cope using new skills (like risktaking), without ever reaching the point of burnout. Jason Quinn 12/6/01 Dr. Jacobs Preventing Burnout Among Young Athletes/ Preventing Burnout in Youth Sports http://www.bcaha.org/burnout.html http://www.youthleagues.com/articles/jb_03.html 1. First of all, I chose to review both of these sites becaue they discussed a similar topic, which is burnout among youth, and more importantly, burnout amoung youth athletes. After reading both articles I found that the information discussed can strongly relate to high shool students. The first thing I learned is the definition of burnout pertainin to sports, which is, "it refers to an athlete who has spent so much time practicing, playing and competing in his chosen sport that he becomes 6 physically and emotionally spent." It is basically when a teen athlete becomes bored and tired of the sport they play. The sites both say this comes as a result of children being pushed too hard by their parents to compete at a high level and to excell at multiple sports. The best way to prevent burnout is to take a season off in order to gain enthusiasm for the sport again. I find that while this idea would be very helpful, it would be very illogical for a highschool athlete. It could be done more easily at a young age but does not occur often. My feeling on the topic of burnout is that it is continuing more and more often due to a society where teens are stressed and are expected to continuosly perform at a high level. This is very true here in Wilton where kids often balance school with daily practices for sports and other extracurricular activity, with the loss of sleep and gradual increase of stress at risk. After reading over the sites information, I have realized that burnout seems to be occuring often here in Wilton. Burnout may not be the reason, but there has seemed to be a decrease of upperclassmen participation in sports this year and it looks to be the case for next year as well. I think that this is possibly because these high school students have reached the point where they are tired of practicing two to three hours a day and would rather just give up the sport that they used to enjoy so much. Overall, I feel that burnout is a very serious issue, and that like the site says, it would be helpful for young athletes to lay off sometimes in order to rejuvenate so that they will not burnout. 2. I found both sites to very easily read. They are somewhat short but there statements are clear and are to the point. 3. The site is very suitable for high school students. While the site does not give too many suggestions as to how to prevent burnout, it does help you understand what the factors are that cause burnout. My only suggestion for the two sites would be to give specific ways for teenage athletes to prevent burnout. Erika Militana October 9, 2002 Dr. Jacobs D Period What is Burnout? www.mindspring.com/~wholistic/burnout.html Burnout is a widely dealt with issue that applies to both students and adults. As self-explanatory as it sounds, burnout is indeed complex and underestimated. While many students disregard the symptoms and effects of this topic, it is important to note how burnout can affect one’s life. By browsing the website www.mindspring.com/~wholistic/burnout.html, I came across an article that I found affective in providing the essential information one needs to understand what burnout is and how it can be dealt with. Burnout among teen-agers as well as full-grown adults is frequents and yet often ignored. However, by comprehending the information found in the article, What is Burnout?, one can easily understand how to avoid the problems that arise because of burnout. Burnout is a condition that evolves slowly over a period of prolonged stress. It is the wearing down and wearing out of energy. According to the article, burnout can be defined also by "exhaustion born of excessive demands which may be self-imposed or externally imposed by families, jobs, friends, value systems, or society which depletes one’s energy, coping mechanism, and internal resources." Undoubtedly, this issue should not be ignored. When coping with burnout, one should be aware of the risks and results that accompany this condition. In this way, I found What is Burnout? to be an informative, yet concise article that gets to the point quickly and clearly. It expresses multiple subdivisions about the topic of burnout, which includes definitions, the occurrence in stages, what it is often accompanied by, risks, as well as possible remedies. I found the information listed below to be effective and intriguing: 7 People in this society are at risk when they areNurturing-anticipate the needs of others Alone-need someone to fill us up Powerless A perfectionist and workaholic Struggling with their own power, autonomy, and identity Making correct lifestyle choices including diet, exercise, and relaxation methods, and reducing harmful habits and addictions Developing and maintaining a social support system Becoming absorbed in meaningful tasks Learning to cope with stress Burnout is directly related to stress and can cause several harmful problems among teens and adults. If not dealt with, burnout will only exacerbate, leaving one feeling continually exhausted and even depressed. It is vital that all are aware of the causes and effects of this condition, which is why this particular article is helpful. Its concise points of information make it easy for one to learn about the issue of burnout as quickly and affectively as possible. Andrew Kostic Jacobs H period May 9, 2002 Relaxation, balance necessary for preventing student burnout http://www.spub.ksu.edu/issues/v101/sp/n118/cam-balance-langford.html In the midst of the fourth quarter teachers tend to load on all the last minute projects they didn’t get a chance to include in the beginning of the curriculum. Therefore, students end up feeling overloaded and stressed out. To prevent this burnout, KSU has set up an interesting set of tips and facts about calming oneself when the academics come knocking at his door. I found the most interesting piece of information is that stress occurs 50-200 times a day! For a high school student trying to deal with a social life, a rigorous schedule, and extracurricular activities (not to mention the college process), that’s a lot of stress. The site goes on to explain that exercise, activities, sleeping, and eating are the best things to do to relax. I personally have taken to practicing the guitar in order to close out the hectic world around me for a few hours. This method works well for me and I find my anxiety level to have lowered greatly. " ‘It doesn't have to be elaborate. Just do what works,’ Benton said." Claims the site. So while this works for me, one might prefer meditation over guitar. While the site holds many great facts, they are arranged in somewhat of a slipshod fashion. However, this is made up for by the easy to read chart at the bottom and the lack of pop-up adds. The site is directed mostly to college students however high schools could use it too for many of their courses are just as rigorous and the life outside of school is even worse. From my own personal experience middle school kids do not necessarily need this site to help them. Life is a journey however one should not fret about what lies in the road ahead, this site helps people keep their eyes on the horizon while keeping their feet on the ground. Ellen de Moll October 23, 2002 Chemistry- D Jacobs "Burn-Out" 8 "SYMPTOMS OF BURNOUT" by Dr. Beverly Potter http://www.docpotter.com/boclass-2bosymptoms.html I found this article explaining the cycle, causes, and symptoms of burn-out to be very helpful. It clearly presents warning signs so that people can try to recognize those signs in themselves and others and attempt to get help. The article reflects how burn-out mirrors itself in all aspects of your life. I learned how serious burn-out can actually be and the many serious implications it can have on a person’s life. Potter presents this material as a downward spiral that must be stopped before it gains momentum. However, the one concept that I would change about this article is to add a solution. Dr. Potter clearly explains how to recognize burn-out, but she does not explain how to cope with it. I believe that this site is extremely relevant for all high school students. In a fast-paced world, juggling hours of homework, sports schedules, and a social life can take a serious toll on the students. Yet this site addresses many of those issues and could be a wake-up call to many. It can help prevent students from working themselves to the point of exhaustion or sickness. "Burnout Prevention and Recovery-" http://web.mit.edu/afs/athena.mit.edu/user/w/c/wchuang/News/college/MIT-views.html This article provides some valid information in a clearly numbered list. The numbers provides a logical, concise order. It offers some valid advice about how to survive stress and burn-out, but it does not list warning signs. However, the main point of this article was to make a sardonic joke about the intensity of MIT. While funny, this website is not exactly relevant to the high school students in Wilton. To adapt this site to a more general audience and broaden its purpose, I would eliminate the remarks about MIT. "Relaxation, balance necessary for preventing student burnout-" by Trisha Langford http://www.spub.ksu.edu/issues/v101/sp/n118/cam-balance-langford.html In a brief, but concise article Trisha Langford presents clear methods for recognizing, preventing, and reducing stress and burn-out. Using day planners and "to-do" lists helps keep many people organized, and thus more relaxed. To balance stress, it is very important to have friends and activities to distract your mind and replenish your spirits. Of course, as another article on burn-out, it is very relevant to high school students. Unlike Dr. Beverly Potter’s article, Langford’s methods to help students handle and cope with stress are more productive means of reducing their stress. The only change that I would consider making to this article would be to provide even more example methods that people find help reduce stress. Chris Slavin Chemistry B Period Dr. Jacobs 5/15/03 E/C Web Review Burnout: http://www.mindspring.com/~wholistic/burnout.html This article shows that anyone who is stressed even a little bit for a prolonged period of time can burn out. The article says that if someone is only helping others, is alone, is powerless against someone else’s control, is a extremely hard worker, and struggling with identitly, for a lengthened period of time they can burn out. I have never burned out, but now that I know how it is that one burns out in the first place, I can prevent it from happening to me or anyone else I know. 9 The article also says that people may be going through the above conditions when they are in denial of something, are stressed or angered, or are in guilt. These conditions are much easier to notice from the outside because they are so broad. If these conditions are seen by someone’s friend, one can look closer in to their friend’s life, to see if they might burn out. Through all these conditions that can bring burnout, one can prevent themselves or someone else from getting burned out easily. Another bit of information the web page includes is that there are steps to people getting burned out. If one thinks a friend is burning out, they can figure out if they are merely striving control, one of the first steps, or if they are completely empty on the inside and out, the last step before someone burns out. If they are in this stage immediate action could be taken to preventing them from burning out. The article also makes clear that burnout is actually something to be afraid of, and thus that their instructions are important to follow. The web page defines it as a complete lack of energy and motivation to do just about anything, as a result of being overloaded with their workload. When burn out happens, the victim doesn’t want to follow up on any of their responsibilities, as they don’t care anymore. Thus burnout must be stopped when possible, and since the article tells how to prevent burnout before it happens its purpose is fulfilled: to prevent burnout. If someone one knows is already burned out, the web site says how to stop it and get the person on the right track again. With the help of this web sites easy steps, burnout can be stopped easily, recognized easily, or prevented easily. This web page is easy to read and very useful Maggie Costich D Period Chemistry April 6, 2003 Web Review: When Your Teacher Is A Jerk http://www.school-for-champions.com/grades/jerk.htm *Note: This is not addressed to you, Dr. Jacobs. I thought the information on this website would be helpful in the future if I ever happened to have a teacher that is a jerk. Everyone knows that it is inevitable that at some point in our short lives, we will encounter a teacher who is unpleasant, real mean, or just a complete jerk. Ideally, we would all like to avoid this kind of a teacher, but most often, we cannot. We then have a choice of either giving the teacher a tough time and making life even more miserable for the both of you or trying to cope with the situation and make the best out of it. But just remember that later in life you may have a boss who isn’t exactly your cup of tea, but you will have to learn how to deal with him or her so that you can remain successful at your job. Some students like to give teachers, who they find mean, a tough time. This is not a good approach to solving the problem. Remember that your goal is to get through school with good grades and the minimum of hassles. The teacher has power over what grade you get. Giving the teacher a rough time, because you think he or she is a jerk can be suicide for your grades. It isn't worth getting poor grades for that reason. So, in conclusion, the website suggests just trying to cope with the problem and make the best out of a bad situation. You may even come out of it as a better person. 10 Hannah Curran September 26, 2003 Dr. Jacobs When The Teacher is A Jerk http://www.school-for-champions.com/grades/jerk.htm Preparing myself for the unfortunate day when I will be faced with such a problem as an unkind teacher (which of course has never happened to me, all of WHS’s faculty being so fabulous and all), I logged onto the website expecting some corny "Everyone has a silver lining’ filler and was pleasantly surprised by the author’s practical take on a bad situation. Although he does warn the reader that simply looking for the bad in someone will make it more apparent, he has devised methods for actually dealing with hating a teacher and how to manage passing the class. Keeping a low profile, coping, and simply trying to be nice all are presented as simple, oft-overlooked ways to manage something that cannot really be helped. I found it quite refreshing that he did not throw out such impractical ideas as switching classes, which would have encouraged students to never persevere but simply escape from all tough spots. Christine Liu November 5, 2003 Dr. Jacobs Burnout http://www.texmed.org/cme/phn/psb/burnout.asp Although I am not experiencing burnout myself, I have learned that many students and teachers experience burnout sometime in their lives. I thought that it would be interesting to read and gain some further knowledge about the topic. When I opened up to the website I saw that it began by giving the definition of burnout: "Burnout is defined as a state of mental and/or physical exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress." This was a very good idea, because it allowed any type of reader to get a general understanding of what burnout is. It goes on to explain that according to research, the two main causes of burnout are bureaucratic or routine atmospheres and overwork. This explains why many students and teachers would experience burnout because in my opinion both students and teacher gets stressed and are overworked. The web page goes on explain burnout in three different stages: Three Stages of Burnout Stage 1 – Stress Arousal Stage 2 – Energy Conservation Stage 3 – Exhaustion I found this part to be interesting because although I knew that burnout occurred gradually, I never knew what the different stages were. Following this, each stage of burnout is bolded and described paragraphs that are short but are still filled with information. It explains that stress arousal includes physiological responses that include constant irritation, persistent anxiety, periods of high blood the grinding of teeth at night, insomnia and forgetfulness. It states in bold that possession of any two of these symptoms means that you might have stress arousal. In the stage of energy conservation people try to compensate for stress through procrastination, putting things off, persistent tiredness and social withdrawal. The website once again explains that having two of these symptoms might mean that you are in this stage of burnout. The last stage is exhaustion where people get a sense that something must be wrong. The symptoms for this level include chronic sadness, depression, mental 11 or physical fatigue, and the desire to keep away from society and family and recurrent ideas of suicide. In bold it is once again stated that two or more of these symptoms means that you might be in stage three of burnout, exhaustion. Each part of this article was easy to read and was organized in a very understandable way. I found that it provided efficient information about burnout and would be useful for a high school student along with a college student. If anything were to be added to this website I would suggest possibly how to help somebody of he or she is experiencing burnout and examples on how to notice if someone has burnout. Overall I found it an interesting and helpful web page. Catherine Stolar 11/7/03 Dr. Jacobs "What is Burnout?" The Wholistic Stress Control Institute website explores the symptoms and characteristics of burnout. Burnout is a condition which slowly forms over time and includes the wearing down and wearing out of energy. Exhaustion is created by self-imposed or external demands of families, jobs, friends, value systems, or society. The term "burnout" also infers a mental state where too much stress leads to a lack of motivation, attitudes, and behaviors. The slow evolution of burnout occurs in stages. An intense need to prove oneself or strive for control is caused by the internal or external pressure. This striving metamorphoses into a willingness to deprive oneself of needs and sacrifice values in order to prove oneself or to reach this state of control. As a result, denial, disengagement, and other behavioral transformations take place. A state of depression or feelings of emptiness precede total burnout. Stress, guilt, anger, aggression, low self-confidence, and denied needs often are signs of the evolving condition of burnout. Some circumstances or occupations are more likely to cause burnout than other situations. People who nurture others and work to fulfill the needs of others are subject to burnout because of their tendency to deny themselves of their own needs. People who work or live alone also tend to burnout because they have nothing else to occupy themselves besides work. People who are powerless can burnout in their struggle to gain power while those who already have power, struggle to understand their own capabilities and identity. A perfectionist or workaholic also is more likely to burnout because of their willingness to devote themselves entirely to their occupation. The Wholisitic Stress Control Institute website presents making lifestyle changes in different diets, exercise, and ways of relaxing or terminating other bad habits to end or prevent burnout. Forming a support group through family and friends as well as learning to better handle stress and becoming involved in more meaningful activities are also seen as solutions to burnout. I found the information given by the Wholisitic Stress Control Institute interesting as many students today suffer from a lack of motivation during the school year. Many students report that they enter "slumps" characterized by dropping grades and lower interest in their classes. However, the Wholistic Stress Control Institute shows that burnout is a much more extreme condition than these "slumps". As seen in the busy lifestyles that most students, teachers, and parents lead, however, an overbalance in school, friends, or family could easily result in burnout. Therefore, the information given by this site is very helpful as understanding the causes of burnout can help students to take better care of themselves and prevent burnout. Additionally, by following the suggestions given by the Wholistic Stress Control Institute in maintaining their health and well-being, they will ultimately become more efficient and effective in school. 12 Allison Cole November 18, 2003 Dr. Jacobs D period "Burnout" Burnout is a condition which is affecting more and more Americans today. It is a mental condition which manifests itself physically. The definition given in this article of burnout is "a state of mental and/or physical exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress." We may say to our friends "Oh, I’m getting burnt out" but being clinically "burnt out" can actually be quite serious. The condition has been shown to be caused by bureaucratic atmospheres and overwork. There are three stages of burnout: Stress Arousal, energy conservation, and exhaustion. Burnout occurs sequentially in stages, so you can recognize symptoms gradually. You simply cannot become burnt out overnight. The first stage is stress arousal, which includes both physiological and psychological responses. You may become irritable, have persistent anxiety, develop periods of high blood pressure, insomnia, or grinding your teeth. Additionally, you may have physical symptoms such as heart palpitations, unusual heart arrhythmia, concentration problems, headaches/stomach problems, and acute gastrointestinal symptoms. The presence of 2 or more of these symptoms indicated you may be in burnout stage 1. The second stage, energy compensation, attempts to compensate for the stress. This manifests itself in persistent lateness, procrastination, taking excessive amounts of time off, increased substance abuse, and excessive apathy. At this stage, most people may not notice they are coming down with these symptoms. However, it is important to recognize them and seek help. Stress and burnout can often be caused by overload. The four major factors in overload are time pressures, excessive responsibility or accountability, lack of support, and excessive expectations from you and those around you. Any one or a combination of these factors can result in stress from overload. Overload refers to the state in which your demands put upon you by either yourself, your job, friends, etc are too great and you cannot meet them. You must not try to eliminate stress from your life completely, but rather learn how to manage stress, which will thereby lead to a healthier and happier lifestyle! Ishar Sawhney Thursday, December 18, 2003 Dr. Jacobs/G period Dealing With Burnout Dealing With Burnout addresses the problem of being stress and overworked in a very interesting and religious way. Although some areas of this article are quite irrelevant to the life of a student at Wilton High School, many of the principles discussed in it still do apply to student burnout. In this article, the first and third sentences of the last paragraph appealed to me the most. These two sentences discuss how burnout is something almost everyone faces at some time or another and that the chief cure is to take responsible action. Organizing one’s time is an important way to avoid burnout. On the other hand, it is also sometimes important to incorporate a little variety into one’s life, to deal with changes and new situations which incorporation more excitement into one’s life. Often, a feeling of powerlessness is associated with burnout. I find that it is important to address this immediately. It is ones’ responsibility to put his or her situation into perspective and to make progressive steps in addressing the situation. Whether it be an issue where extra academic help is necessary, or where after school activities conflict with academic classes, leaving a problem 13 unsolved is not a wise way in which to go about living. Addressing life’s problems is like sizing up a troublesome curveball that strikes a baseball player out every time he or she steps up to the plate. The player should first address the problem at hand, think of a possible solution, and then actively try to incorporate the solution into his or her game play. In this scenario, the solution could be as simple as swinging the bat closer in, in order to have tighter control of the bat and a better chance at connecting with the ball. Mark Freimuth 12/18/03 Dr. Jacobs Burnout http://www.texmed.org/cme/phn/psb/burnout.asp Burnout is something that many students face every year and is something that is very troublesome to deal with. What many people don’t know, is that burnout is not simply just feeling exhausted, but has many physiological and psychological factors that belong with it. This site defines burnout as a state of mental and/or physical exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress. The question in my mind is "what constitutes excessive and prolonged stress"? We have all been overstressed about those smaller things like a test or an audition, but does this constitute excessive stress? In my own personal situations I have felt truly burnt out after a combination of causes, but still don’t know if they constitute burnout. The site lists the three stages: Stage 1 – Stress Arousal Stage 2 – Energy Conservation Stage 3 – Exhaustion Stage one is stress arousal, which includes symptoms such as irritability, anxiety and periods of high blood pressure. More serious symptoms can include heart palpitations and unusual heart arrhythmia. Stage two is energy conservation, when the body tries to get around burnout. It uses methods such as procrastination, excessive lateness, persistent tiredness and even social withdrawal from friends and family. Stage three is exhaustion, which is when the body may actually begin to realize that something is wrong. Symptoms may include chronic sadness and depression as well as migraines or chronic fatigue. In my eyes school and work are pretty much like running in a marathon. You want to start out strong to gain the lead but yet at the same time you do not want to start too fast and risk burning out later.
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