Black & White Landscape Photography by P-IndependentPublish

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									Black & White Landscape Photography
Author: John Collett
Author: David Collett
Table of Contents

Introduction
Section 1: The Artist’sTools
1.1 Camera Formats
1.2 Lenses
1.3 Accessories
Section 2: Landscape Photography as an Art
2.1 What is Art?
2.2 Manipulating the Landscape
2.3 Types of Landscapes
2.4 Creativity and Technique
Section 3: Composition Techniques
3.1 Visual Elements: Shapes
3.2 Visual Elements: Lines
3.3 Visual Elements: Texture
3.4 Visual Elements: Repetition and Patterns
3.5 Framing
3.6 Photographic Vision
3.7 Viewpoint
3.8 Depth and Size
3.9 Tonality and Lighting:The Photographer’s Paint
3.10 Tonality and Lighting:Translating from Color to B&W
3.11 Tonality and Lighting:The Photographer’s Palette
3.12 Tonality and Lighting: Lighting
3.13 Motion
3.14 Focus and Depth of Field
3.15 Design: Visual Dominance
3.16 Design: Weight, Balance and Symmetry
3.17 Design: Division of the Frame
3.18 Design: Simplicity and Complexity
3.19 Design: Visual Movement
Section 4: Field Techniques
4.1 Focus and Depth of Field
4.2 Filters
4.3 The Zone System
Section 5: Darkroom Techniques and Beyond
5.1 Darkroom Techniques
5.2 Finishing the Print
5.3 Displaying and Selling Your Prints
5.4 Further Explorations
Section 6: Putting It All Together
6.1 Analysis of Five Images
6.2 Checklists for Equipment, Composition, Field, and Darkroom
Section 7: Appendices
A. Field and Darkroom Records
B. Recommended Reading
C. Internet Resources
Glossary
Index
Description

Because landscape photographers are at the mercy of quickly changing weather, uneven illumination,
poor contrast or limited tonal range, and other elements, this book shares the skills and techniques
needed to turn these liabilities into assets. It explores types of landscape photography, explains what
equipment works best, and describes how to find a balance between creativity and technique. It tells how
to see the palette of natural light and the tonalities that make for outstanding photography and discusses
focus, depth of field, and controlling tonalities in black- and-white landscapes.
Excerpt

Section One
THE ARTIST’S TOOLSUnlike other disciplines of photography, landscape photography
offers unique challenges. First, the landscape photographer
has little or no direct control over the elements in the scene. You
cannot tilt the mountain range slightly to the left. You cannot
physically darken the clouds or give the stream softer lines. One
of your challenges, then, is to control and even enhance nature’s
elements visually.Second, unlike most other types of photography, nature dictates
the lighting, colors, contrast, and weather. Each of these can
change from hour to hour, sometimes from minute to minute. A
landscape photographer has the distinct challenge to compensate
for these unpredictable changes, and even take advantage of them
for a unique, dramatic shot.Third, as a landscape photographer, you should strive to produce
photographs that render nature as beautifully and technically
perfect as possible. Your challenge is to create a final print that has the same huge depth of field,
panoramic scope, incredibly fine
detail, wide contrast range, and overall drama as the original
scene. If you can meet this challenge, you have not only produced
a work of art, but have also, in a sense, preserved nature itself.Before you run out with your camera to
conquer nature,
however, your first step should be a careful selection of the tools
of the trade. Your correct choice of equipment is important
toward achieving these three challenges. The choices of cameras,
lenses, filters, and accessories are immense and can be confusing.
Fortunately, these choices can be narrowed down to only that
equipment best suited for photographing landscapes.Whether you aspire to become a professional
landscape photographer
or simply to improve your occasional shot, the cost of
equipment is usually a factor. You probably already own a camera
and one or two lenses. These may or may not be adequate for
landscape photography, depending on your goals. If you decide
to purchase a new (or used) system, you need to match your photographic
needs with the appropriate tools at a price you can
afford.If you talk to ten landscape photographers, each one will give
you a slightly different list of what you should buy. Just as different
painters use different types of brushes to achieve their own
style, photographers each use different combinations of cameras,
lenses, and filters. Although budget is usually one of the important
factors in considering which format and accessories to purchase,
it should not be the only consideration. Section 1.1 highlights
the advantages and disadvantages of each camera format.Section 1.1

CAMERA FORMATS
The most important aspects of landscape photography are
visualizing the landscape, composing the scene, and recording
onto film the beauty of the original scene. To this end, choosing
the right camera size should be secondary to learning the craft of
fine photography. Many photographers have created dramatic
landscape images using only inexpensive cameras; conversely, others
have spent fortunes on the best equipment, yet have never
taken that award-winning shot.Each format size carries with it inherent advantages and disadvantages.
Your initial step should be to evaluate your own
needs and photographic goals at your current level of experience.
Correctly matching the tools to your needs should be your first,
very important step to taking great landscape photographs.. ....
Author Bio
John Collett
John Collett is a photographer who specialize in fine-art landscape and travel photography. He lives in
San Clemente, California.


David Collett
David Collett is a photographer who specialize in fine-art landscape and travel photography. He lives in
Redondo Beach, California.

								
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