Because landscape photographers are at the mercy of quickly changing weather, uneven illumination, poor contrast or limited tonal range, and other elements, this book shares the skills and techniques needed to turn these liabilities into assets. It explores types of landscape photography, explains what equipment works best, and describes how to find a balance between creativity and technique. It tells how to see the palette of natural light and the tonalities that make for outstanding photography and discusses focus, depth of field, and controlling tonalities in black- and-white landscapes.
Black & White Landscape Photography Author: John Collett Author: David Collett Table of Contents Introduction Section 1: The Artist’sTools 1.1 Camera Formats 1.2 Lenses 1.3 Accessories Section 2: Landscape Photography as an Art 2.1 What is Art? 2.2 Manipulating the Landscape 2.3 Types of Landscapes 2.4 Creativity and Technique Section 3: Composition Techniques 3.1 Visual Elements: Shapes 3.2 Visual Elements: Lines 3.3 Visual Elements: Texture 3.4 Visual Elements: Repetition and Patterns 3.5 Framing 3.6 Photographic Vision 3.7 Viewpoint 3.8 Depth and Size 3.9 Tonality and Lighting:The Photographer’s Paint 3.10 Tonality and Lighting:Translating from Color to B&W 3.11 Tonality and Lighting:The Photographer’s Palette 3.12 Tonality and Lighting: Lighting 3.13 Motion 3.14 Focus and Depth of Field 3.15 Design: Visual Dominance 3.16 Design: Weight, Balance and Symmetry 3.17 Design: Division of the Frame 3.18 Design: Simplicity and Complexity 3.19 Design: Visual Movement Section 4: Field Techniques 4.1 Focus and Depth of Field 4.2 Filters 4.3 The Zone System Section 5: Darkroom Techniques and Beyond 5.1 Darkroom Techniques 5.2 Finishing the Print 5.3 Displaying and Selling Your Prints 5.4 Further Explorations Section 6: Putting It All Together 6.1 Analysis of Five Images 6.2 Checklists for Equipment, Composition, Field, and Darkroom Section 7: Appendices A. Field and Darkroom Records B. Recommended Reading C. Internet Resources Glossary Index Description Because landscape photographers are at the mercy of quickly changing weather, uneven illumination, poor contrast or limited tonal range, and other elements, this book shares the skills and techniques needed to turn these liabilities into assets. It explores types of landscape photography, explains what equipment works best, and describes how to find a balance between creativity and technique. It tells how to see the palette of natural light and the tonalities that make for outstanding photography and discusses focus, depth of field, and controlling tonalities in black- and-white landscapes. Excerpt Section One THE ARTIST’S TOOLSUnlike other disciplines of photography, landscape photography offers unique challenges. First, the landscape photographer has little or no direct control over the elements in the scene. You cannot tilt the mountain range slightly to the left. You cannot physically darken the clouds or give the stream softer lines. One of your challenges, then, is to control and even enhance nature’s elements visually.Second, unlike most other types of photography, nature dictates the lighting, colors, contrast, and weather. Each of these can change from hour to hour, sometimes from minute to minute. A landscape photographer has the distinct challenge to compensate for these unpredictable changes, and even take advantage of them for a unique, dramatic shot.Third, as a landscape photographer, you should strive to produce photographs that render nature as beautifully and technically perfect as possible. Your challenge is to create a final print that has the same huge depth of field, panoramic scope, incredibly fine detail, wide contrast range, and overall drama as the original scene. If you can meet this challenge, you have not only produced a work of art, but have also, in a sense, preserved nature itself.Before you run out with your camera to conquer nature, however, your first step should be a careful selection of the tools of the trade. Your correct choice of equipment is important toward achieving these three challenges. The choices of cameras, lenses, filters, and accessories are immense and can be confusing. Fortunately, these choices can be narrowed down to only that equipment best suited for photographing landscapes.Whether you aspire to become a professional landscape photographer or simply to improve your occasional shot, the cost of equipment is usually a factor. You probably already own a camera and one or two lenses. These may or may not be adequate for landscape photography, depending on your goals. If you decide to purchase a new (or used) system, you need to match your photographic needs with the appropriate tools at a price you can afford.If you talk to ten landscape photographers, each one will give you a slightly different list of what you should buy. Just as different painters use different types of brushes to achieve their own style, photographers each use different combinations of cameras, lenses, and filters. Although budget is usually one of the important factors in considering which format and accessories to purchase, it should not be the only consideration. Section 1.1 highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each camera format.Section 1.1 CAMERA FORMATS The most important aspects of landscape photography are visualizing the landscape, composing the scene, and recording onto film the beauty of the original scene. To this end, choosing the right camera size should be secondary to learning the craft of fine photography. Many photographers have created dramatic landscape images using only inexpensive cameras; conversely, others have spent fortunes on the best equipment, yet have never taken that award-winning shot.Each format size carries with it inherent advantages and disadvantages. Your initial step should be to evaluate your own needs and photographic goals at your current level of experience. Correctly matching the tools to your needs should be your first, very important step to taking great landscape photographs.. .... Author Bio John Collett John Collett is a photographer who specialize in fine-art landscape and travel photography. He lives in San Clemente, California. David Collett David Collett is a photographer who specialize in fine-art landscape and travel photography. He lives in Redondo Beach, California.
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