Existing Light Techniques for Wedding and Portrait Photography by P-IndependentPublish


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									Existing Light Techniques for Wedding and Portrait
Author: Bill Hurter
Table of Contents

1. The Nature of Light
What is Light?
The Behavior of Light
The Intensity of Light
The Sun and Light Intensity
The Color of Light
Reflected Light Values
2. Lighting Basics
Two Primary Lights
The Three-Dimensional Illusion
Reflected Light
Size of the Light
Lighting Ratios
Scene Contrast
High-Key Lighting
Low-Key Lighting
Focusing Acumen, Minimal Window Light, and Maximum Aperture
3. Portrait Lighting Fundamentals
Broad and Short Lighting
The Five Basic Portrait Lighting Setups
The Key Light Follows the Sun
Fuzzy Duenkel Pushes the Extreme Edge of Existing Light
Fashion Lighting
4. Working With Existing Light
Tools for Modifying Existing Light
Window Light
Room Light (and Other Man-Made Sources)
Fuzzy Duenkel’s Garage Light
Outdoor Lighting
5. Supplementing Existing Light
Light Sources
The Making of a Remarkable Wedding Photograph
Focusing Umbrellas
Adding Fill Light
Flash Key Techniques
Additional Lighting Tips
The Photographers

Packed with stunning images from more than 40 of the world's most acclaimed wedding and portrait
photographers, this book shows how to put together a lightweight, low-cost, and highly portable lighting
kit that allows photographers to make quick work of creating perfect lighting in any location. Responding
to a preference in the market for more natural, spontaneous-looking images, the guide explains how 
to achieve professional-quality lighting in parks, churches, schools, and other locations—all with
lightweight, highly portable strobes, reflectors, scrims, and more.

Chapter One: The Nature of LightLight is the photographer's brush. It is how the subject is rendered in a
physical sense, but more importantly, it is a significant tool in how character is imparted in a portrait. As
Bruce Dorn says in his Exploring Light DVD, "Photography is about light. The way light wraps a moment,
the way it paints an emotion. Light shapes our perception and defines our world. Light creates the
shadows that hide what needs to be hidden. Light reveals. Light illuminates."This chapter is an
introduction to light and its behavior. While it is not necessary to understand light like a physicist would
understand it, knowing that light is energy and how that energy works is significant and useful when
applying light photographically.What Is LightLight is energy that travels in waves. Waves are a form of
energy that usually move through a medium, like air or water. For example, imagine the ripples in a
swimming pool after someone has jumped in. Is it the water that is moving or something else? Actually,
the water in the pool stays pretty much stationary. Instead, it is the energy—the wave—caused by the
person jumping into the pool that is moving.Light waves are different than water waves, however, in that
they don't require a medium through which to travel. In fact, light travels most efficiently in a vacuum;
other elements, like air and water, actually slow light down. Light travels so fast in a vacuum (186,000
miles per second) that it is the fastest known phenomenon in the universe!Light waves consist of both
electric and magnetic energy. Like all forms of electromagnetic energy, the size of a light wave is
measured in wavelengths, the distance between two corresponding points on successive waves. The
wavelengths of visible light range from 400–700 nanometers (one millionth of a millimeter). The visible
spectrum is, however, only a tiny section of the full range of the electromagnetic spectrum, which also
includes radio, microwaves, infrared, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays—types of waves that are
differentiated by their unique wavelengths. PhotonsWithout delving into a lengthy description of physics, it
is sufficient to say that photons are the raw material of light. When we see visible light, we are witnessing
countless numbers of photons moving through space as electromagnetic waves. Photons are produced
by light sources and reflected off objects. On an atomic level, light works like this: an atom of material
has electrons orbiting its nucleus. Different materials have different numbers of electrons orbiting their
individual atoms.When atoms are excited or energized, usually by heat, for example, the orbiting
electrons actually change to a different orbit and then gradually revert. This process emits photons, which
are visible light having a specific wavelength or color. If there are enough photons and the frequency is
within the visible spectrum, our eyes perceive the energy as light and we see. Any system that produces
light, whether it's a household lamp or a firefly, does it by energizing atoms in some way.
Author Bio
Bill Hurter
Bill Hurter is a former news photographer who covered numerous sporting events and political scenes,
including the Watergate hearings. He is the editor of Rangefinder magazine and the author of more than a
dozen instructional books for professional photographers, including The Best of Wedding Photography,
Group Photography Handbook, and The Portrait Photographer's Guide to Posing. He lives in West
Covina, California.

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