From the origins of the court to modern practical mattersincluding the federal judiciary system, the Supreme Court’s session schedule, and the argument, decision, and appeal processthis resource provides detailed answers on all aspects of the Supreme Court. Exploring the social, cultural, and political atmosphere in which judges are nominated and serve, this guide book answers questions such as When did the tradition of nine justices on the bench begin? When did the practice of hiring law clerks to assist with legal research and writing begin? and How do cases reach the Supreme Court? Details on historic decisionsincluding Marbury v. Madison, Brown v. Board of Education, Miranda v. Arizona, and Bush v. Goreaccompany a thorough history of all 17 Supreme Court Chief Justices.
The Handy Supreme Court Answer Book Author: David L. Hudson Table of Contents ORIGINS OF THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM . . . 1 SUPREME COURT RULES, PRACTICES, AND TRADITIONS . . . 21 SUPREME COURT TRIVIA . . . 41 THE JAY, RUTLEDGE, AND ELLSWORTH COURTS (1789–1800) . . . 61 THE MARSHALL COURT (1801–35) . . . 77 THE TANEY COURT (1836–64) . . . 99 THE CHASE COURT (1864–73) . . . 117 THE WAITE COURT (1874–88) . . .127 THE FULLER COURT (1888–1910) . . . 147 THE WHITE COURT (1910–21) . . . 177 THE TAFT COURT (1921–30) . . . 197 THE HUGHES COURT (1930–41) . . . 219 THE STONE COURT (1941–46) . . . 247 THE VINSON COURT (1946–53) . . . 265 THE WARREN COURT (1953–69) . . . 279 THE BURGER COURT (1969–86) . . . 321 THE REHNQUIST COURT (1986–2005) . . . 367 THE ROBERTS COURT (2005–PRESENT) . . . 409 JUSTICES OF THE U.S. SUPREME COURT 429 THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 435 RESOURCES 453 INDEX 457 Description From the origins of the court to modern practical matters—including the federal judiciary system, the Supreme Court’s session schedule, and the argument, decision, and appeal process—this resource provides detailed answers on all aspects of the Supreme Court. Exploring the social, cultural, and political atmosphere in which judges are nominated and serve, this guide book answers questions such as When did the tradition of nine justices on the bench begin? When did the practice of hiring law clerks to assist with legal research and writing begin? and How do cases reach the Supreme Court? Details on historic decisions—including Marbury v. Madison, Brown v. Board of Education, Miranda v. Arizona, and Bush v. Gore—accompany a thorough history of all 17 Supreme Court Chief Justices. Excerpt ORIGINS OF THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEMCREATION OF THE COURTHow was the U.S. Supreme Court created? Article III, Section 1, of the U.S. Constitution provided that “the judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.” The Constitution was adopted in 1787 and ratified in 1788. However, the Constitution did not create the U.S. Supreme Court. Congress passed a law known as the Judiciary Act of 1789, which created the Court and established its jurisdiction. The Judiciary Act of 1789 called for six justices on the Court—a chief justice and five associate justices.Does Article III call for a chief justice? Ironically, Article III does not mention a chief justice at all. It only mentions that there will be “one supreme court.” However, Article I, Section 3, mentions a “Chief Justice” when talking about the impeachment of a president. It reads: “When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside.”Where was the Constitution itself created? The U.S. Constitution was created during the summer of 1787 at a meeting of fifty-five delegates whose assigned job was to propose revisions to the Articles of Confederation, the authoritative document of the existing government, which did not provide enough power for a central government. The delegates actually went beyond their job duties and created an entire new Constitution during a process that author Catherine Drinker Bowen called “the Miracle at Philadelphia.” This process culminated on September 17, 1787, when thirty-nine men signed the new document. Various states then ratified the Constitution in 1787 and 1788 that put the Constitution into effect.What is the structure of the Constitution? The Constitution features seven sections, called articles. The first three articles deal with the powers of the three branches of government. Article I deals with the legislative branch (Congress), Article II deals with the executive branch (the president), and Article III deals with the judicial branch (the court system).The Constitution features a system of separation of powers and checks and balances among the three branches of government. For example, Congress passes legislation but the president can veto (or stop) the legislation, which Congress can then override by a super-majoritarian vote of two-thirds. This means that if a president vetoes a piece of legislation, the law can still be enacted if two-thirds of the members of Congress vote to override the presidential action. However, the judicial branch can then declare a law unconstitutional if it determines that it is not compatible with the Constitution.When did the framers consider a separate judicial branch? Virginia delegate Edmund Randolph, later the nation’s first attorney general, introduced the so-called Virginia Plan, which called for the creation of a federal judiciary, on May 29, 1787. The Virginia Plan called for Congress, not the executive branch, to appoint judges.Under the Constitution, who appoints Supreme Court justices? The Constitution provides that the president... Author Bio David L. Hudson David L. Hudson is a first-amendment scholar for the First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University. He is a contributing editor to the American Bar Association’s Preview of U.S. Supreme Court Cases and the author of The Rehnquist Court. He lives in Smyrna, Tennessee. Reviews An accessible history in Q&A format, replete with trivia. For a lay audience of inquisitive people, David Hudson Jr.’s Handy Supreme Court Answer Book is remarkably comprehensive and fascinating. Where else could you find out the identity of the tallest justice on the high court? For students, teachers, lawyers, and history buffs, this reference provides answers to many questions about the Supreme Court from its origins in 1789 to the present.
Pages to are hidden for
"The Handy Supreme Court Answer Book"Please download to view full document