Study Guide High, Middle, and Low Stake Writing

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					Study Guide                    Chapter 25, McKeachie        Replaces 20 quiz points

   Study Guide: The Ethics of Teaching and the
               Teaching of Ethics
    This study guide along with a low stakes writing assignment counts for your quiz
    this week. Completion of this study guide is worth 20 points (you are not graded on
    the answers, but on demonstrated effort to complete the guide).

Submit this completed study guide by using the assignment tool.
(Activities>Assignment Tool.)

Study questions                Response
What are the issues
surrounding the 3 grade        The issues discussed are those of bribery, one in
scenarios on page 325 of       which the student is trying to persuade the
McKeachie?                     instructor to change a grade for his/her personal
                               interest and the last is the situation in which the
                               instructor is considering a grading change due to

On page 327, McKeachie         Ethical standards are intended to guide us in
says, “The behavior most       carrying out the responsibilities we have to the
often engaged in was           different groups with whom we interact. The
teaching when not              instructor is contracted to teach. If the instructor is
adequately prepare.” How       not prepared or does not deliver then the student is
is this an ethical issue?      not able to receive information that is necessary.
                               The students may fail the exams but more
                               importantly will not attain adequate information
                               from the course.
What are four values that      The four values that seemed to under gird the
undergird the judgment of      judgments of the participants are 1) respect for
participants in the ethics     students as individuals, 2) equal consideration for
surveys? (p. 328)              all students, 3) an obligation to prepare for
                               teaching, and 4) an obligation to participate in the
                               governance and life of the institution.
Describe two ways that a       Two ways that a faculty member might violate the
faculty member might           “free pursuit of learning” is 1) fail in duties in class
violate the “free pursuit of   preparation and 2) fail to remain current both in the
learning.” (p. 329)            content area and in instructional methods that
                               fosterer learning.
What are “rule of              The “rules of engagement for sensitive topics”
engagement” for sensitive      would specify how ebates would be conducted and
topics? (p. 331)               would include such things as cooling-down
                               activities, the obligation to be able to state the other
                               person’s position before attacking it, and the

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Study Guide                  Chapter 25, McKeachie        Replaces 20 quiz points

                              avoidance of personalizing arguments. If such
                              guidelines are provided early in the course,
                              students can feel more comfortable when sensitive
                              topics are raised.
How can leaving students’     Students have a right to privacy in their dealings
papers out on your desk be    with instructors. Whether students are able to view
a breach of privacy? Would    papers on a desk or in a hallway box, both actions
it be acceptable to leave     will allow students access to private information.
students papers in a box in   Neither situation would be acceptable if the papers
the hallway for them to pick  were graded. Graded papers should be out of sight
up at the end of the          in all circumstances.
semester? (page 331-332)
What ethics should we be     Instructors should be teaching by presenting all
teaching? (pages 335-337) sides of an issue and allow students to explore
                             topics in depth. Students should be evaluated
                             according to their accomplishments rather than
                             their beliefs. Students should be able to present
                             their work according to their personal perspective
                             rather than according to a particular position.
                             These things should be considered at all times as it
                             is known that instructors teach our values through
                             direct instruction and also through our behavior.
What values should we        Teachers should communicate values in what is
teach? (pages 337-338)       taught and the way it is taught but not neglect
                             knowledge. Knowledge is a powerful sword to
                             protect students from biased, emotional appeals.
                             Instructors should try to teach that it is not enough
                             simply to respond to material or performance as
                             good or bad, but rather to be able to back up one’s
                             judgment with evidence that is reasonable in terms
                             of the standards of that discipline. In a situation in
                             which students and faculty members participate
                             jointly, teachers decisions should come out with
                             reasonable values, reasonable content and
                             reasonable coverage. We should also exemplify
                             the value of respect for others. Students can
                             realize their values by noting their goals as this
                             involves thinking about values. Students must have
                             to have a chance to express their ideas and values
                             in words or actions and see how they work. They
                             need reactions not only from teachers but also from
                             peers and others who share or oppose their
                             positions. They need to trust the teacher’s good will
                             and good sense. They need to feel that the class is
                             a community in which each will be accepted
                             despite differing views. Teachers can encourage

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Study Guide   Chapter 25, McKeachie       Replaces 20 quiz points

              positive attitudes and values by using cooperative
              peer learning. Cooperating is itself an important
              value in our culture and success in learning how to
              work cooperatively with other students on a project
              or other leaning experience is likely to have a
              positive impact on students’ value for cooperating
              as well as on building the kinds of support and trust
              necessary for frank discussion of values issues.
              Teachers want students to remember the content
              of their courses. Elaborating the content by
              relating it to other knowledge will encourage this to
              happen. Elaboration is important in the values area
              as well. It is important that the discussion and
              experiences be in places where there is mutual
              respect and support. Values are not likely to be
              changed much simply by passively listening and
              observing a lecturer. Change is more likely in
              situations in which the teacher and the students
              reflect, listen, and learn from one another.

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