Study Guide for Unit 1 by guy25


									                              Study Guide for Unit 1
CH 1 (look over key points at end of chapter and chapter test)

Vocabulary (risk, visibility time and space)

HTS stands for Highway Transportation System

What are the 3 parts of the HTS?
   vehicles
   people
   roadways

Describe 5 ways you can reduce risk in the HTS (page 9-10)
    _________________________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________

Odd Number Interstate routes go in which direction? ______________________ page7

Even Number Interstate routes go it which direction?_______________________ page 7

SIPDE Process
Search      20-30 seconds ahead if conditions allow
            1/3-1/2 mile at speeds of 50-65 MPH
            1 1/2-2 city blocks at speeds of 25-30 MPH

Identify      12-15 seconds ahead
              Objects of conditions ahead that could interfere with your projected path
              of travel

Predict       What actions or changes in conditions on or near the roadway could
              increase the level of risk.

Decide        What actions or actions to take at least 4-5 seconds ahead to control or
              reduce risk.

Execute       Steer, Accelerate or Brake or a combination.
SMITH SYSTEM                   (a series of principles designed to help you drive safely)

Aim High and Look Ahead not down         (look 20-30 seconds ahead)

Keep Your Eyes Moving (systematic search)

Get the Big Picture (look at everything in projected path of travel and put them together)

Make sure others see you (headlights on and stay out of blind spots of other drivers)

Leave your self a way out or a margin of safety (Space all around your vehicle)

CH 2           (look over key points at end of chapter and chapter test)

Vocabulary (visual acuity, field of vision, area of central vision, peripheral vision,
depth perception)

If your visual acuity is 20/40 it means that a sign that should be readable at 40 feet is only
readable at 20 feet. (page28)

What is the reason you turn off your engine when you stop to rest beside the road? (Page

Describe 3 effects your emotions have on driving? (Page 24-25)

How will you control the effects that emotions have on your driving? (Page 26)

Overdriving your headlights = not being able to stop in the range of your headlights

Safety tip pages 28 if you are driving with your high beams on don’t blind drivers
coming toward you. Switch to low beams when oncoming traffic is within __500__feet.

If you are being bothered by headlight glare coming from the front, where should you
look?     (White line, right edge of the road)

What is the only way to overcome fatigue? Rest or sleep

What are some ways to delay fatigue if you are driving?
    no heat
    roll down windows
    change drivers
    exercise
    stop and walk
    Caffeine (coffee, soda) only good for short term.
Colorblind people can drive safely. They learn the meaning of signs, signals by shape
and position.
CH 3 (look over key points at end of chapter and chapter test)

BAC Blood Alcohol Concentration

Zero Tolerance
    No alcohol in system .02 automatic DUI for less than 21 years of age.

Implied Consent
    If driving you have to take one or more chemical test if an officer has suspicion
       of DUI.    (3 tests Blood, Urine, Breath) Refusal of test will be a 1yr
       automatic suspension in addition to any other charges.

      Does not have to be alcohol it could be under the influence of drugs. (Legal or

DUI for someone over 21 years of age is .08

Prescription drugs must be ordered by a doctor and they can have side effects that
risk driving.

Taking over the counter drugs are not always safe to take while driving, read the

How does alcohol affect the SIPDE process? Name each letter and describe how alcohol
affects each part?

Physical effects
     Coordination
     Slower motor skills
     Reaction time increases
     Depth and distance and speed perception
     Speed perception
     Vision
            o pupils do not return to normal size as quick problem with headlight glare
            o side vision/peripheral vision
            o may cause double vision
Mental effects
    loss of ability to reason
    judgment
    loss of reality
    alcohol makes you feel as if you are thinking more clearly than usual
    dangerously overconfident
    Alcohol affects you inhibitions (the elements of your personality that stop you
      from behaving without regard to consequences.)
Alcohol does not have to be digested in goes directly into system.
    Absorbed through stomach wall and small intestine directly into blood stream.

Less than 1 drink     1/2 oz of alcohol is eliminate hour.
90% liver
8% breathe
2% sweat

1 drink = 12oz beer     5oz wine       1.25-1.5 oz of 80 proof distilled spirits

       Weight of drinker
       How much food in system
       Male or Female      (females take longer to process alcohol.)
       How fast someone drinks

    Peer pressure
    Inhibitions
    Implied consent
    BAC
    Zero Tolerance
    OTC Over the Counter Drugs
    Prescription drugs

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