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STUDY GUIDE for CLASSIFICATION and INTRO TO ANIMALS by guy25

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									                    WHAT SHOULD YOU KNOW FOR THE TEST:
                    CLASSIFICATION and INTRO TO ANIMALS

VOCAB Definitions
Classification slide show packet/Chapter 18 ?’s
Intro to Animals slide show packet/Chapter 34 ?’s

CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIMALS
 What characteristics are shared by all animals?
 What are the 10 body systems found in animals? What are the functions of each system?
 Compare none, one, or two opening digestive systems.
 Compare OPEN/ CLOSED CIRCULATION; DIRECT/INDIRECT DEVELOPMENT;
   INTERNAL/EXTERNAL FERTILIZATION; ENDO/EXOSKELETON; SEXUAL/ASEXUAL
    REPRODUCTION
 How is NITROGEN WASTE different from DIGESTIVE WASTE?
    What 3 forms can it be found in? Which is most/least toxic?
 Be able to identify the 3 kinds of symmetry seen in animals.

EMBRYOLOGY:
 Be able to follow the steps from zygote to blastopore formation? What is a blastula? Blastopore?
 The blastopore will push through the embryo and become which body system?
 How do PROTOSTOME and DEUTEROSTOME embryos differ?
  Spiral vs radial cleavage? Determinate vs indeterminate cleavage? Fate of blastopore?
   Which animals are PROTOSTOMES or DEUTEROSTOMES? Which group is the exception?
    Which kind of cleavage is required to for twins to form?
 What are the 3 germ layers that form in the embryos of all the animals you will study?
 From which layer does muscle form?

COELOMS (Body Cavities)
 What are the three types of coeloms? How are they different? Be able to identify them in a picture.
 Which type of animals have each kind of coelom? What does a coelom do?
 Why is having a eucoelom more advantageous than an acoelom or pseudocoelom?

DIRECTIONS:
 Be able to label ANTERIOR, POSTERIOR, DORSAL and VENTRAL in a picture.

TAXONOMY
 What are the contributions of Aristotle and Carolus Linnaeus to animal classification?
 Be able to name the 7 levels in Linnaeus’s hierarchy in order.
      Which levels change when classifying plants?
 What are the rules for writing scientific names? What is the scientific name for humans?

MODERN TAXONOMY
 What evidence is used by scientists to classify organisms today?
 What are the 6 kingdoms scientists use to group organisms? Give examples.
 Name the 2 other classification systems besides the 6 kingdom system used to classify organisms.
 Which 2 diagrams are used to show evolutionary relationships? (Phylogenetic tree vs cladogram)
 How are cladistics and 3 Domain system different from the 6 kingdom system?

								
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