2009 TYKES LESSON PLAN BOOKLET Thank you for volunteering to coach one of our Tykes teams. Tykes is our youngest age group where five year old boys and girls get their first formal introduction to the game of soccer ! This division is non-competitive and was created and designed to give our young children the opportunity to play and learn the game in a structured environment. Our goal for this age group is to develop their basic soccer knowledge and skills, encourage their desire to learn and play the game and to have fun. The following are some rules and guidelines as well as some general information about this division to make your season fun, safe and educational – Each team is limited to a maximum of two ractice sessions before the season starts. Your first session should include a meeting with the parents to introduce the coach(es), discuss the rules, schedules, etc. Each session should be a maximum of one (1) hour. Each “game” consists of a one (1) hour time slot. On the day of the game the first 30 minutes are set aside for a training session with your team. Each team will use one-half of the field for their training session. During the second 30 minutes the two teams will play their game. All players should participate in the first 30 minute instructional training session. All players should play at east one-half (15 minutes) of the 30 minute game. This is a large division with many teams so please arrive on time and keep on schedule. All players must wear the complete uniform issued by OMM. As the weather gets cold, please inform your parents the uniform (shorts and shirts) must be worn on top of any sweatshirt or sweatpants – not underneath. All players must wear shin guards. Shin guards must be worn under the socks. Referees will not allow any child without shin guards to play in the game. Players may not wear jewelry (see OMM Rule Book for details) The league does not record any scores form the Tykes division. Please do not emphasize the score of the game with your players or parents. Referees will blow their whistles to signal a ball going out of bounds. You should also teach players to stop at the sound of the referee whistle and not to continue chasing the ball and playing out of bounds. Please make sure parents are backed off the sideline and discourage them from kicking the ball back on the field. There are no throw-ins in Tykes. Teams will take turns kicking the ball into play form the sidelines or end-lines when the ball crosses out of bounds. It does not matter which team kicked the ball out. There are no goalies in Tykes. While coaches should attempt to position some of their players on offense and some players on defense, no player should be stationed in front of the goal to act as a goalkeeper. Defensive players should be outside of the goal box. If it rains after you have arrived at the field, please wait for a league official to make a decision regarding the cancellation of your game. What should you do if a problem or issue arises at the field during your game ? Go to the Referee Coordinator. All of the Referees report to the Referee Coordinator. The Referee Coordinators are dressed in RED and are stationed at the field through the entire day. What should you do if a problem or issue arises at home before or after your game ? #1 - Call or contact one of your Division Coordinators – Stephen A. Gilmartin or Karen Toye-Mulvihill Steve.email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org #2 - Contact OMM – email@example.com The following weekly lesson plans sequentially build a young child‟s soccer skills, using an enjoyable game format. As you progress through the season feel free to “re-do” past week‟s activities once the new one is covered if time allows. You should find the players working through the drills faster as they become more comfortable with their soccer skills and following your lead as coach. Lesson 1 Red Light/Green Light Aim: To teach the children how to dribble a ball, change direction, stop, turn, and to listen to instructions. Activity: Each child has a ball. The coach stands about 20 yards away and tells them what the orders of the lights mean and what they have to do. Green – means „go‟ Red – means „stop‟ Blue – means „turn around and go back‟ Purple – means „turn around your soccer ball‟ Any Color – means „anything you want‟ Lesson 2 Bumper Cars Aim: To teach children to dribble, avoid other players and then to kick balls at other balls. Activity: Each child has a ball. They dribble around in a square, roughly 10 yards by 10 yards. They have to dribble around without touching anyone else‟s ball. When the coach yells “Bumper Cars” the children dribble and try to kick their soccer balls against other soccer balls. The coach ten yells “Back to dribbling”. The coach repeats „Bumper Cars‟. Lesson 3 Donkey’s Trail Aim: To teach the children to run, chase and change directions. Activity: The coach or coaches have a few pinnies at the back of their pants or shorts (or in their hands) to represent a donkey‟s tail or tails. The children have to chase the coach or coaches while dribbling their ball, and get the donkey‟s tail. Children run, change directions and chase, trying to get one of the donkey‟s tail. Lesson 4 Policeman Drill Aim: To teach the children to listen and look for instructions and directions, while dribbling a soccer ball. Activity: Each child has a ball. They stand opposite the coach who tells them that he the policeman and they should follow his directions. The policeman tells the children to dribble the ball LEFT, dribble the ball RIGHT. Or, quite simply, the policeman may say „go this way!‟, „go that way!‟ or „turn around!‟ The policeman can give any type of instructions or directions for the children to dribble their soccer balls. Lesson 5 Get Out Of My House! Aim: The children learn to dribble, while trying to avoid their soccer balls being kicked. Activity: Each child has a ball. The coach has a house, which is a 10 yard by 10 yard square – marked by cones in each corner. The coach tells the children that he does not want any child coming into his house and he will kick their soccer ball away if they come into his house. Every time a child dribbles a ball into the house, the coach will kick it out of the house saying “Get out of my house!” and the children will get the ball that has been kicked and try to get back into the house again. Lesson 6 Kick the Cone Aim: The children dribble and learn to kick the ball or shoot the ball. Activity: Each child has a ball. The coach places cones all over the place. The players have to dribble around, avoiding the cones. When the coach shouts „Kick the cone!‟ the children have to knock over or hit the cones by kicking their soccer ball at them. They do this until all they have kicked all the cones. Re-set the cones, and repeat. Lesson 7 Sharks and Fishes Aim: The children dribble and try to avoid an opponent. Activity: Each child has a ball. The children are fishes and they have to get past the shark or sharks to get safely home. Cones can represent where they start from and where their home is. The coach or coaches can be the shark(s) and the players are the fishes. Sharks and be added by having the children become sharks as they get their soccer ball kicked by a shark. Lesson 8 Shoot for Cone Aim: To teach children to shoot a soccer ball at a target. Activity: Each child has a soccer ball. Cones are placed about 6-8 yards away from the children. The children are all spaced apart, facing a line of cones. When the coach says „Shoot the cone‟, the children kick the ball to hit the cones. The coach can keep adjusting the distance to the cone as the children master distance and direction. Lesson 9 Speed Dribbling Aim: To teach the children to dribble at various speeds. Activity: Each child has a ball. The coach sets the cones out in an area about 15 yards by 15 yards. The children are directed to dribble at the speed of various vehicles. (Dribble slowly like a TRUCK, dribble a little faster like a MINI VAN, dribble even faster like an BMW, dribble very fast like a RACE CAR). Once they know each vehicles speed, the coach will call out names and players will dribble accordingly. Lesson 10 Going on Vacation Aim: To bring together a lot of what the children have learnt in other lessons – dribbling, turning, kicking, listening to instructions. Activity: Each child has a ball. They are going on vacation and their soccer ball in their car. They go slowly down their driveway and STOP. They turn around and go a bit quicker down their street. Then they go even faster on Rt.303. Oh! There is a construction zone- SLOW DOWN! We pass the zone – PICK UP SPEED! Now we are on the Garden State Parkway, we can go VERY FAST. Oh! There is an accident ahead, slow down, slow down. STOP. The accident has cleared, now we can go fast – now we are in New Jersey. Now we can play BUMPER CARS (Children kick their soccer balls against each other) use different directions and signals as you head for your vacation destination.