Mike Roller on post play

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					          BLUE DEVIL BASKETBALL PROGRAM


June 2003


Dear Camper,


We welcome you to this year’s spring post clinic. We hope that this year’s clinic will be a
valuable learning experience for you.


As you know, any successes you attain as a basketball player will be the result of the hard work
you put into getting better at this greatest of games. Also, any failures you may suffer may be
the result of the work you don’t put in. Always remember, in an age where people look for
shortcuts and easy paths, there is only one way to ever be good at this game… work. There is
not substitute for practice of the correct fundamentals, over and over again. While you will learn
many valuable skills and ideas at this post clinic, they will only make you a better player if you
practice them and make them habitual.


Enclosed in our camp handbook you will find many ideas regarding post play. You will also
find instructional and motivational handouts to help you achieve your goal of becoming a great
player. If there is anything we can ever do for you; if you ever need anything regarding the game
of basketball, please do not hesitate to contact our office by phone at (810) 387-3231, ext. 240 or
by email at jbarnes@yale.k12.mi.us.


Have a great summer… and get better!




Coach Jim Barnes
Head Basketball Coach
Yale High School
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NOTES
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NOTES
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Two-Day Post Clinic
       Staff Introductions
       Make sure everyone has checked in
       Form teaching groups
       Schedule change: From June 2 and 3 to June 2 and 4th. See me after camp if this is a problem.
       This is a teaching situation… be ready to learn, and give your best effort at all times.
       Take advantage of the things you get here. Sure the T-shirt is nice, but really take a look at the
        camp handbook you’re given. It can become a valuable resource if you let it.
       You will not learn any post defensive stuff here. If you want to learn about post defense or any
        techniques, get with me after either session.
       Today will be more work on getting open and staying open. Wednesday will focus more on
        shooting and scoring.
       If you need water during camp, get it and get right back.


What are we going to teach you here?
    1. What a posting stance looks like.
    2. How to catch the ball in the post.
    3. How to get open in the post.
    4. How to stay open by sealing the defense.
    5. How to increase your scoring opportunities with a catch and/or dribble.
    6. How to score the ball as simply as possible.


Will you be better at playing the post when you leave here Wednesday night?
Yes you will. You will learn the essential components of playing the post position.


Will you be better next season?
Hopefully, but maybe not. We will give you the tools you need to work on your own to get better. If you
take advantage of the things you learn here and practice them, you will undoubtedly become a better
basketball player and post player.
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What do we look for in post players?
      Head
      Heart
      Hands
      Feet
      Ability to score


Teach five major concepts
   1. Posting stance
   2. Get open where you can score
   3. Stay open by sealing
   4. Improving your scoring chances with a catch and/or dribble
   5. Scoring as simply as possible


Posting Stance
      Sit down and bend at the knees.
      Your feet should be outside your shoulders.
      Get your arms away from your body
      Your arms should be at “L’s”.
      Hands should be spread out and you should be able to see the back of your hands (cow-
       tipping, wall-pushing, etc.).
      Your hands should be at shoulder level.
      Have hard arms and soft hands.
      Your thumbs should be pointing at your ears.
      Your head should be behind your knees.
      Have live feet, be ready to move.
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Catching/receiving the ball
      Catch it with your feet, eyes, and hands in that order.
      Block-and-catch, like a softball player, as opposed to a triangle method.
      Always catch the ball in a jumpstop. This allows you to pivot off of either foot.
      If the offensive player is played on the high or low side, the poster must break his seal on
       the entry pass, if the passer throws away from the defense.
      A bad reception is hard and loud. A good reception is soft.
      Catch the ball with the pads of your fingers, not the palms of your hands.
      Every time you catch the ball, chin it. Get it on one side of your face.


Pivoting and Turning
Why pivot?
      To release yourself from pressure
      To face the rim, where you can score the ball, or at least be a threat to score.
Kinds of turns
      Front turns (right and left foot)
      Rear turns (right and left foot)
      In the post, we also might use the terms baseline and middle turn.
Remember, if you catch the ball in a jumpstop, you can use either foot to pivot.


Using the dribble in the post area
      This type of dribble is called a power dribble or trap dribble.
      The ball should be put down with two hands and picked up with two hands.
      The ball should be dribble below the knees and between the legs.
      Pick the ball up (after the dribble) as low to the ground as possible.
      Jumpstop after the dribble… step-dribble-hop.
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Getting open
      Run! One of the easiest ways to get a “leg up” on your opponent is to simply outrun him
       and out-hustle him down the floor. Run to the rim, not the block. Try to get to the other
       rim in 4-5 seconds.
      V-cutting to get open: If your man is below the line of the ball: low-lower
                               If your man is higher than the line of the ball: high-higher
                               Locate defender and step over
                               Knock down defender on initial contact
      Move on penetration: I-cuts on a baseline drive
                               Step out to the short corner on a middle drive.
      Setting and using screens
      Go away and come back/relocate
      Always try to get open inside the paint
      Once you your head or foot past the defender, you should try to seal him.


Sealing (staying open)
The perfect seal
   a. Control the defender’s feet.
   b. Keep the defender’s body in the middle of you back (U-wing).
   c. Initial contact from the waist down.
   d. Head behind knees (like a defensive stance).
   e. Show numbers, hands, and call.
   f. Have a piece of the paint.


There are only three reasons to break your seal.
   a. A three-second count
   b. The passer throws the ball away from the defense, and you have to go get it.
   c. You find yourself sealing outside of the posting area.
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There are three types of seals.
   a. Sealing IN: You have the defender behind you and you are sealing him towards the rim.
   b. Sealing OUT: You have the defender behind you and you are sealing him out from the
       lane.
   c. Setting up fro the lob: The defender has his whole body in front of you and is facing the
       ball. You have him sealed away from the rim.


Where is the best place to seal?
   a. The best spot to catch the ball is at the rim, always.
   b. The next best spot would be with one or two feet in the paint. If you catch the ball here,
       there is no move needed to score, just a power move.
   c. The next best place would be about halfway up the lane. Posting on this spot gives you
       the option of turning in either direction to score the ball.


There are two ways to create a seal:
   a. Step over and sit down: You clear the defense, step over his body as close as you can, and
       sit on his leg, thigh, or body.
   b. Pin and spin: Like a pinscreen, you step into the defenders body, and spin into a posting
       stance and a seal.


Three very important concepts!
   a. Think about this: let the defense choose, and then seal the other.
   b. Seal for the next pass. Create the passing lane before the ball gets to the passing area.
   c. After you have a created a scoring opportunity with a seal, TALK to your teammates and
       tell them where you want the ball to go.
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Ideas to help your sealing
   a. Advantages of sealing: you create the score before the score, and you make it easier for
       poor perimeter passers.
   b. As soon as you clear the defense: seal!
   c. Clear the defense and seal as close to the rim as possible. Goal: no move needed.
   d. Control the defender’s feet; make it a foot-fight, not a fist-fight. Use your feet to get
       open and stay open.
   e. Take up space before you seal, get wide.
   f. Make your first contact with the defender with the lower body. The defense will take a
       step back, and allow you even better position.
   g. Get a piece of the paint! If you’re in the paint… NO MOVE NEEDED.
   h. Hold your seal for 2-5 seconds, depending on your location.
   i. Show the ball your numbers.
   j. When you’re played behind, think of relocating and starting over.




The importance of being a good free throw shooter as a post player…
A recent NCAA study found that Division I post players scored 30 % of their points on free
throws. The same study found that quite often post players get more free throw attempts than
shot attempts in a given game. Also, the free throw is the only UNCONTESTED shot in the
game of basketball!


The importance of being a good offensive rebounder as a post player…
Another recent NCAA study discovered the following during the 2000-2001 Division I season:
   a. Players and teams made 38% of their first shots attempted (in a possession).
   b. Players and teams made 68% of their first shots attempted (in a possession).
   c. Players and teams made 88% of their first shots attempted (in a possession).
What’s the moral of the story? The more you hit the glass, the better the shot you end up with!
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Scoring in the post area
Scoring in the post happens in one of the following ways:
   a. Offensive rebounds
   b. Free throw attempts
   c. Power moves/power lay-ups made as a result of getting open and sealing IN THE
       PAINT.
   d. Low post moves when the ball is caught outside the paint.
   e. High post moves when the ball is caught around or near the foul line.


Thoughts and concepts on scoring in the post area:
   a. Less is more.
   b. If you do a good job of getting open and sealing, your shot will end up being power lay-
       ups where no move is needed.
   c. No bad shots in the post. Perimeter people will not keep giving it to you.
   d. Shoot it closer than where you caught it. This means no fadeaways. ATTACK!
   e. On a catch outside the lane: one power dribble. One a catch inside the lane: no dribbles.
   f. Use the glass as much as possible.
   g. Mix in shot fakes to throw the defense off guard.
   h. Look one way (when you chin it) and go the other.
   i. In high school, develop a “go-to” move and a counter move.
   j. Make clean shots in the post and clean lay-ups.
   k. The ball cannot come below the shoulders unless you’re using a power dribble.
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Low post offensive moves
   The moves are to be used when the defense is playing behind you and you catch the ball
    outside the key.
   Get where you need to be in one dribble or less.
   You must be prepared to use either foot to pivot and finish with either hand.
   You must be prepared to score from either side of the lane.
   Remember, none of these shot is better than a clean lay-up where NO MOVE IS NEEDED.


Low post moves
    a. Baseline dropstep and power move
    b. Middle dropstep and power move
    c. Baseline turn for jumper off glass
    d. Middle turn for jumper (use glass if you have an angle)
    e. Baseline turn, “up and under”
    f. Middle turn, “up and under”
    g. Reverse pivot for jumper (use glass if you have an angle)
    h. Reverse pivot, “up and under”
    i. Fake turn and go (the other direction)


NOTE: By adding a shot fake at the start or end of the move, you create more options and give
the defense more to think about and react to.
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High post offensive moves
   The moves are to be used when you flash to the foul line area.
   Get where you need to be in one dribble or less.
   You must be prepared to use either foot to pivot and finish with either hand.
   You must be prepared to score from either side of the lane.
   Remember, none of these shot is better than a clean lay-up where NO MOVE IS NEEDED.


High post moves
    a. Baseline dropstep and power move (step-dribble-hop)
    b. Baseline turn for jumper
    c. Front turn for jumper
    d. Reverse pivot for jumper
    e. Baseline turn, “up and under”
    f. Middle turn, “up and under”
    g. Reverse pivot, “up and under”
    h. Fake skip and go (vs. zone)


Important points
   By adding a shot fake at the start or end of the move, you create more options and give the
    defense more to think about and react to.
   Scoring skills from the high post strongly resemble perimeter offensive skills.
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Posting and Feeding the Post

A.     Major responsibilities of a post player:
          1. Get yourself open
          2. Catch the ball safely
          3. Score the ball/finish the play

B.     Getting yourself open
           1. V-cuts
                   a. If defense is high, take them higher and cut below
                   b. If defense is low, take them lower and cut over
           2. Timing: move where the ball can see you
           3. Step over on front foot and sit down on thigh
           4. Keep feet active
           5. Wide elbows with hand target above shoulder
           6. The ball must be able to see and read your number

C.     Catching the ball safely
          1. Hold your seal until the pass is released
          2. Move to the ball and catch with your feet/eyes/hands
          3. Catch the ball in the air (jumpstop)
          4. Chin the ball with knees bent
          5. Look to the middle to read the defense
          6. Keep head up (don’t duck)

D.     Making moves to score
          1. Three basic moves
                 a. Dropsteps
                 b. Turnaround jumpers
                 c. Up/under
          2. Things to remember about shots:
                 a. Shoot the ball closer than where you received it
                 b. Use the glass on all power moves
                 c. If you must dribble, use two-hand power dribble

E.     Feeding the post
          1. Ready-play and face basket where/when you catch the ball
          2. Look and see if the post is open (post defender, your defender, helpside defender)
          3. Throw away from the defense
          4. Feed the post either below the waist with a bounce pass or above shoulders with an air
              pass
          5. Use dribble to improve angle: dribble down, dribble off
          6. Deliver the ball where the poster can use the glass
          7. Throw air pass feeds to the middle
          8. Move after the feed

F.     Drills for feeding the post
            1. Dribble down
            2. Dribble off the baseline
            3. Triangle feed from on top
            4. Hit the post and move
            5. Hit the post and split-screen
            6. Diagonal feed (zone)
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