"Unit 3 � The Beginnings of Islam Test � Study Guide"
Islam Test Study Guide The Islam Test is 60 points! It will consist of a multiple choice section, a vocabulary section with a word bank, a fill in the blank section about the Five Pillars of Islam, and an extra credit section. Use this study guide and all the assignments in your unit packet to prepare for the test! Directions: Fill in the blanks. You will need to know this Islam vocabulary for the matching section of the test. 1) a city in western Saudi Arabia; one of the two holiest cities of Islam, formally known as Yathrib ______________ 2) the holy book of Islam containing what Allah revealed to Muhammad ___________________ 3) a journey to a sacred place or shrine ______________________ 4) the leader or ruler of a Muslim state; the word means “successor”________________________ 5) prophet and founder of Islam; proclaimed message of Allah; considered by Muslims to be last prophet _____________ 6) the Arabic word for God _____________________ 7) an area of vegetation fed by underground springs and surrounded by desert ______________________ 8) a person who moves from one area to another and does not have a permanent home ___________________ 9) a city in western Saudi Arabia; the birthplace of the prophet Muhammad; the holiest Muslim city ________________ 10) a group of people related by blood or marriage ______________________ 11) a building for Muslim worship designed to face the city of Mecca ________________________ 12) the belief in one god ____________________________ 13) a guide for proper Muslim living based on the teachings and words of Muhammad _________________________ 14) a member of the branch of Islam that supports the descendents of Muhammad as his rightful successors; only a descendant or blood relative of Muhammad may be a ruler__________________________ 15) the branch of Islam that accepts the validity of the first four caliphs elected as successors to Muhammad; any Muslim who follows Muhammad’s example may be a ruler____________________ 16) the religion practiced by Muslims; based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad and on the words of Allah in the holy book, the Qur’an________________________________________________ 17) for Muslims, a pilgrimage or sacred journey to Mecca; Muslims throughout the world who can afford to do so try to make the pilgrimage once in their life _________________________________ 18) Muslim prayer leader___________________________________ 19) ninth month of the Muslim calendar marked by fasting; in this month Muhammad received his first message from Allah. Muslims must not eat or drink from the break of dawn until the setting of the sun. The fast teaches self-discipline, humility, and sympathy for the hungry & brings them closer to Allah________________________ 20) prayer, said five times a day; one of the Five Pillars of Islam __________________________________ 21) a shrine in Mecca considered one of the holiest places for Muslims. Muslims believe that Abraham and his son Ishmael built this structure as a temple to God. _____________________________________________ 22) the term means “to struggle”; to do one’s best to resist temptation and overcome evil; in more recent times the word has come to mean Muslim holy war _____________________________________________ 23) a religious leader or other person who claims to carry the message of God __________________________ 24) the migration in CE 622 of Muhammad from Mecca to Yathrib, now called Medina _________________________ 25) the head scarf worn by some Muslim women to cover the head and hair ________________________________ (this word was from the “What is Islam?” video!) Directions: Answer the following questions – they do not need to be in complete sentences - Questions similar to these will be part of a multiple choice section of the test. 26) What is an oasis AND why are they important on the Arabian Peninsula? 27) What is the Ka’aba, where is it located, and who built it? 28) What is Islam’s main teaching? 29) What was the main effect of the growth of trade on the Arabian Peninsula? 30) What happened to Muslims after Muhammad’s death? 31) Why did the Muslim community split? 32) How were clans important to Bedouin life in the Arabian Peninsula? 33) Why do you think Muhammad began his teaching in Mecca? 34) What did Muhammad do after God spoke to him through the Angel Gabriel? 35) Why were people on the Arabian Peninsula nomads? 36) Why did the Shiites oppose the Umayyad rule, when they took over? 37) Why did Muhammad and his followers migrate to Yathrib (current day Medina)? 38) What did Abu Bakr do when he became the first caliph after Muhammad’s death? 39) Why was Mecca an important trade center? 40) What beliefs do Muslims, Christians, and Jewish people share? o Example - All three believe that Abraham was a prophet o o 41) Why did many people convert to Islam when the Muslim Empire expanded? 42) How were the actions of the Umayyad family different than the four caliphs that ruled before them? 43) Who took control of the Muslim Empire after the Umayyads? 44) A golden age in the Muslim Empire occurred during the rule of the Abbasids. What is a golden age? (p. 121) Directions: Fill in the chart below with facts about the Five Pillars of Islam - you will need to do this on the test Shahada Salat Zakat Sawm Hajj 1) 1) 1) 1) 1) 2) 2) 2) 2) 2)