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Preventing Amputation

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Preventing Amputation Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                    How to Prevent
                                                                    Amputation Hazards

Why should I worry about amputations?                                    What are some high hazard operations that I should be concerned
                                                                         with?
       A National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
        study showed that there were 10,850 amputations in 1997.                Point of operations hazards- the point where work is
       The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) showed that in 1999,                performed on the material, such as cutting, shearing, shaping,
        workplace amputations recorded the highest numbers of median             boring, or forming stock.
        days away from work among major disabling injuries and                  Power transmission apparatus- All components of the
        illnesses.                                                               mechanical system which transmits energy to components.
                                                                                 Types of energy transmission include flywheels, pulleys, belts,
What industries commonly have amputations?                                       connecting rods, couplings, cams, spindles, chains, cranks, and
                                                                                 gears.
       Metal Fabrication Shops                                                 Other moving parts- All parts of the machine which move
       Wood working facilities                                                  while the machine is working. These can include reciprocating,
       Injection molding operations                                             rotating, and transverse moving parts, as well as feed
       Meat processing facilities                                               mechanisms and auxiliary parts of the machine.
       Saw and planning mills
       Machining or welding shops
       Commercial printing operations                                   Common means to protect workers from amputations.

Why do amputations occur?                                                       Guards-Fixed, interlocked, adjustable, or self-adjusting
       Unguarded machinery                                                     Devices-presence sensing, pullbacks, restraints, safety controls,
       Lack of adequate training                                                or gates
       Lack of a Lockout/Tagout program                                        Location or Distance- OSHA 0-10 table
       Human error                                                             Feeding devices-Automatic and semiautomatic feeding or
                                                                                 ejecting and robots.
Common causes of amputations (4S’s and a P)                                     Miscellaneous Aids- awareness barriers, protective shields, or
     Saws                                                                       *hand feeding tools (*only to be used with another guard listed
     Shears                                                                     above)
     Slicers
     Slitters-
       Power-presses and Press Brakes
                                                                REFERENCES

                       Georgia Tech’s Preventing Amputation Information @ http://www.oshainfo.gatech.edu/amputations.html
                          Georgia Tech’s Bench Grinder Technical Guide @ http://www.oshainfo.gatech.edu/pdf/grinder.pdf
                         Georgia Tech’s Machine Guarding Powerpoint @ http://www.oshainfo.gatech.edu/mg/index-mg.htm
                               Rockford Systems Website - Machine Guarding Specialists @ www.rockfordsystems.com
                           OSHA’s Machine Guarding E-Tool @ http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/machineguarding/index.html
                                         Robotics Industries Association Website @ www.roboticsonline.com
                           Oklahoma State University-Machine Guarding Info @ www.pp.okstate.edu/ehs/links/machine.htm
                        MSHA’s Guide to Equipment Guarding @ http://www.msha.gov/s%26hinfo/smallmine/equipguard.pdf
                 Michigan State Machine Guarding Info @ http://www.cdc.gov/nasd/docs/d000001-d000100/d000022/d000022.html
              Niosh’s Amputations Resulting From Work with Mechanical Power-presses @ http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/87107_49.html
                           MIT’s Introduction to Machine guarding @ http://me.mit.edu/Lectures/MachineTools/outline.html
                                                            OSHA Standard-Subpart O @
             http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=10131&p_text_version=FALSE
                     Stanford University Machine Guarding Guidelines @ http://www-slac.slac.stanford.edu/esh/bulletins/b23.html

				
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