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              Who is a Sikh?
 A Sikh is any person
whose faith consists of
belief in One God, the
ten Sikh Gurus, the
Guru Granth Sahib and
other scriptures and
teachings of the Sikh
Gurus. Additionally, he
or she must believe in
the necessity and
importance of `Amrit’,
the Sikh baptism.
      The Founder of Sikhism
The founder of Sikhism is Guru Nanak.
The founder of the Sikh religion, Guru Nanak was born on
April 15, 1469 in the Western Punjab village of Talwandi
Feeling his end was near, the Hindus said we will cremate
you, the Muslims said we will bury you. Guru Nanak said;
"You place flowers on either side, Hindus on my right,
Muslims on my left. Those whose flowers remain fresh
tomorrow will have their way." Then on September 22,
1539 in the early hours of the morning Guru Nanak died.
When the followers lifted the sheet they found nothing
except the flowers which were all fresh. The Hindus took
theirs and cremated them, while the Muslims took their
flowers and buried them.
Sikhism was founded in the early fifteenth century by a teacher called Guru
   Nanak. He was firmly believed that all people were born equal and should
   have equal opportunities. Guru means "spiritual leader" .There are over 20
   million Sikhs worldwide

After Guru Nanak there were nine other gurus:

                           Guru Nanak 1469-1539
                           Guru Angad 1539-1552
                           Guru Amar 1552-1574
                            Guru Ram 1574-1581
                           Guru Arjan 1581-1606
                         Guru Har Gobind 1606-1644
                          Guru Har Rai 1644-1675
                        Guru Gobind Singh 1575-1708
            Sikh Symbols
The Khanda is the
symbol of the Sikhs.
The symbol derives
its name from the
double-edged sword
(also called a
Sikh Symbols
           Nishan Sahib

       Nishan Sahib is the name
       given to the flag which is
       seen flying outside every
       Sikh Gurdwara (Temple).
       It is a triangular piece of
       ochre or saffron coloured
       cloth with the Khanda
       emblem in the middle.
Sikh Symbols
               Ik Onkar
       "There is Only One God".
       The first two words in the
       Guru Granth Sahib They
       appear at the beginning
       of the Mul Mantra written
       by Guru Nanak
       describing the qualities of
       God in the Japji.
Nitnem is a panjabi name of
  Daily Prayers Nit meaning
daily and nem means routine.
A Practicing Sikh is known to
  recite five of the following
    prayers in the morning.

        Japji Sahib
        Jaap Sahib
    Tav Prasad Savaiye
    Chaupai Patdhahi 10
       Anand Sahib
A Sikh shrine is called a
Gurdwara, meaning the
doorway to the house
of God.
The first Gurdwara was
built by Guru Nanak
Dev at Kartarpur.
Women in Sikhism
         In the Sikh religion
          women are worthy of
          praise and are equal
          to men, Guru Nanak
          Dev encouraged the
          participation of
          women as equals in
          worship, in
          society,and on the
     The Guru Granth Sahib
The Sikh holy book is
also known as the Adi
Granth and is treated with
the upmost respect by
Sikhs. Sikhism rejects
idol worship so the book
is not worshiped as an
idol but rather emphasis
is placed on the book for
the writings within it
The Sikh naming or christening ceremony is well
 established and it takes place in a Gurudwara. The
 family offers donations, Karah Parshad (a holy
 pudding) and a Rumala, which is a covering for Guru
 Granth Sahib, made of high quality silk, cotton or
 embroidered cloth. Prayers are offered asking for a
 special blessing of good health, long life and the Sikh
 way of life, Gursikhi for the child.
Guru Granth Sahib is opened at random. The first letter
 of the first word of the hymn on the page is selected as
 the first letter of the child's name. The given name is
 common for either sex. The word Kaur meaning
 'princess' is added after a girl's name and the name
 Singh meaning 'lion' after a boy's. For example, if the
 first letter is "P", the male child may be given a name
 like Partap Singh or Pritam Singh or any other such
 name beginning with the letter "P". If the newly born
 is a girl the name would like, Partap Kaur.
          Initiation Ceremony
The initiation ceremony into full
membership of Sikhism is known as
the amrit ceremony and, amrit can be
taken at any age. Amrit is a mixture of
sugar and water (nectar), prepared in
a steel bowl and stirred with a Khanda,
a two-edged sword. The amrit is
placed on the tongue and sprinkled on
the eyes and hair. About a third of all
Sikhs go through the amrit ceremony
after which time they have to observe
the Sikh code of conduct They then
learn Gurmukhi, the script in which the
Adi Granth is written, in order to read
the scriptures, sometimes as part of
public worship.
                    The five K’s
These are clothing practices followed by stricter
       1.    Kesa (long hair, which is never cut)
       2.    Kangah (comb)
      3.    Kacha (short pants)
      4.      Kara (metal bracelet)
      5.    Kirpan (a ceremonial dagger)
Is there a priest or preacher who says
 the ceremony?

Nobody becomes a priest or preacher a
member of the Sikh community is
appointed to be the Granthi they read and
expound the scriptures and take care of
the day to day running of the Gurdwara all
are equal and there is no ordained
Do they have a Sabbath day? Do they celebrate their
religion on a certain day?

The Sikhs do not have a Sabbath or holy day, so they
 meet whenever it is convenient.

How long does the service take place for?

The Diwan lasts several hours, and members of the
 congregation may come and go during that time. The
 atmosphere may seem quite informal
Why is the Service held?

The Service is held for three reasons:

• To read and meditate upon the Granth
• To join in songs of praise
• To express and strengthen the unity and
  equality of the congregation

Gurupurabs are anniversaries
associated with the lives of the
Sikh Gurus. The Sikhs celebrate
10 Gurpurabs in a year. At each
of these festivals, one of the ten
gurus of the Khalsa Pantha is
honoured. Of these the important
ones are the birthdays of Guru
Nanak and Guru Govind Singh
and the martyrdom days of Guru
Arjun Dev and Guru Teg
Bandi-Chhorh Divas
The Sikh celebration of the
return of the sixth Nanak from
imprisonment in the Gwalior
Fort coincides with Diwali a
Hindu festival.
The Sikhs celebrate this day
as Bandi Chhorh Divaswhich
means "the day of release of
prisoners", because the sixth
Nanak agreed to his release
on the condition that the other
fifty-two prisoners would also
be released. Sikhs on this day,
which normally falls in
October-November, hold one
day celebrations in the
The End

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