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Appendix 5: Glossary or explanation of key words and phrases Affordable housing: Housing that costs less than the market rate. This includes: 1) Social rented housing provided by local authorities and registered social landlords with rents set in line with Government guidelines; 2) Intermediate housing at prices or rents above social rent levels but below market prices or rents, including sub-market renting, low cost home ownership and shared equity. ALMO: An arms length management organisation (ALMO) is a company set up by a local authority to manage and improve all or part of its housing stock. It is owned by the local authority and operates under the terms of a management agreement between the authority and the ALMO. It is managed by a board of directors which includes tenants, local authority nominees and independent members. Your Homes Newcastle is the ALMO set up by the City Council in 2004 to manage all of its housing stock. ARCH: Agencies against Racist Crime and Harassment. ARCH is a multi-agency partnership working to combat racism in Newcastle. It aims to reduce the number of racist incidents, improve support to victims and increase understanding of racist harassment. Asset Management Plan: The City Council’s plan for managing its assets such as buildings, housing stock and schools wisely. Assistive technology: Any product or service designed to enable independence for disabled and older people. Asylum seeker: A person who has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of their nationality and is unable, or, owing to this fear, is unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country. Barker Review: Review of housing supply carried out by the economist Kate Barker and published in March 2004 by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister under the title: Delivering stability: securing our future housing needs. BME communities: People of African, Asian, Caribbean or Chinese heritage or descent, and other minority communities who may experience disadvantage including Gypsies and Travellers, and people of Irish, East European or Mediterranean origin. BREEAM: The Building Research Establishment’s Environmental Assessment Method. A method of assessing the environmental performance of new and existing buildings which is regarded as the measure of best practice in environmental design and management. Bridging NewcastleGateshead (BNG): A 15 year project set up to tackle the problems caused by unpopular and abandoned housing and weak housing markets in the Outer East, Inner West and North Central areas of Newcastle, and parts of Central Gateshead. It is administered by the local authorities working in partnership and is one of nine sub-regional housing market renewal pathfinder projects in the country. Brownfield: Previously built on land that could be available for building new homes. Capital Strategy: The strategy that sets out the City Council’s priorities for investment in capital schemes such as new buildings, IT systems and other large projects. Carbon emissions: The carbon dioxide gas produced when wood, coal, gas and oil are burned and substantially contribute to global warming. City region: A city or cities and the surrounding area. There are two city regions in the North East; Tyne and Wear and Tees Valley. Civil Partnerships: A formal contract, evidenced by a civil ceremony, between couples in a same sex relationship which gives them rights, benefits and status similar to married couples. Community cohesion: In a cohesive community: there is a common vision and a sense of belonging for all communities the diversity of people’s different backgrounds and circumstances is appreciated and positively valued those from different backgrounds have similar life opportunities strong and positive relationships are being developed between people from different backgrounds in the workplace, in schools and within neighbourhoods. Connectivity: 1) Road, rail, sea and air connections between and within cities and regions. 2) Different types of communication links particularly electronic forms. Core cities: The main cities in England after London: Birmingham, Bristol, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham and Sheffield. Decent Homes Standard: A standard of housing quality under which homes are warm, weatherproof and have reasonably modern facilities. Deck access housing: Blocks of flats where the entrance to the flats on the upper floors is from an open walkway. Development brief: A document that informs developers and other interested parties of the constraints and opportunities presented by a particular site, and the type of development expected or encouraged by local planning policies. Disability: A physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term effect on a person’s ability to carry out normal day to day activities. By long term we mean the disability has lasted or is expected to last for 12 months. Diversity: The idea that the people in an area will be different in terms of ethnic group, age, religion, their views and identity, and that this is a strength. Environmental Impact Assessment: A procedure for considering the potential environmental effects of land use change. It helps decisions to be made that take full account of the likely environmental consequences of a change in land use. Environmentally sustainable housing: Buildings and developments that: use resources efficiently and with respect for the environment minimise waste through, for example, composting, recycling and re-use limit pollution value and protect the diversity of nature. Executive and prestige homes: properties with some or all of these features: large, usually with four or more bedrooms detached and usually with a large garden luxury apartment or flat in a new development or a converted building individually designed. Expo: A regeneration scheme or exposition such as the one proposed for Scotswood where a new neighbourhood is developed to be recognised as demonstrating good practice in sustainable urban design and living. Extra care schemes: housing with a high level of personal care support provided to help frail elderly people stay living independently. Floating support: support given to residents, usually tenants, in addition to that provided through the general housing management support of their landlord. It is often provided to people, including those who have been homeless or were in special accommodation where there was a lot of support, who move into new accommodation with a general level of support, to prevent their tenancy breaking down. Fuel poverty: Where a household needs to spend more than 10% of its income on heating, hot water, cooking, lighting and using electrical appliances. GONE: The Government Office for the North East which represents ten central government departments across the region. It works to deliver, influence and develop government programmes and initiatives at a regional and local level by working in partnership with relevant organisations to meet local needs. Health Impact Assessment: An assessment that provides a useful flexible approach to helping those developing and delivering proposals to consider their potential and actual impact on people’s health and well being and on health inequalities. HMO: A House in multiple occupation (HMO) is a property occupied by people who do not form a single household. People living in this type of accommodation will usually have their own bedroom and live in a bedsit. Housing Corporation: The Government body that regulates and funds housing associations in England. HHSRS: The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) was introduced by the Housing Act 2004 to replace the test of whether a property was fit for human habitation with an evidence-based process to assessing the risk of harm to someone in the property. Housing market: The pattern of buying, selling and renting homes in a particular area. Housing Market Assessment: A new way for local authorities to develop a good understanding of how housing markets operate in their sub-region, particularly in terms of need and demand in their communities, in order to help them and their stakeholders improve the way they plan for housing. Housing ‘offer’: The combination of property characteristics and location which people compare when choosing a home. HRA Business Plan: The City Council’s business plan for its council homes managed by YHN which is closely aligned with the Housing and Regeneration Strategies. Housing Requirements Study: Research carried out to identify the level of housing need in an area. Integrated Regional Framework: This is a framework developed for the North East which sets out a common commitment to becoming a more sustainable region and how this can be achieved by partners and stakeholders. Learning disability: A person is considered to have a learning disability if they have a significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information or to learn new skills, together with a reduced ability to cope independently. These problems will have started before adulthood and have had a lasting effect on the person’s development. LGBT: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. Lifetime Homes Standard: A set of sixteen housing design standards for new housing, to ensure homes are accessible, adaptable and flexible, and can be a home for life. Local Development Framework (LDF): The collection of local development documents which together deliver the land use planning strategy for Newcastle LDF core strategy: The main document of the LDF which presents the Council’s citywide strategic vision and priorities for planning how land is used. It covers the period up to 2021. Mixed communities/neighbourhoods: Places where people want to live, now and in the future, which offer housing both to rent and to own, and attract different households across a wide income range. NAHP: The National Affordable Homes Programme (NAHP) is NASS: The National Asylum Support Service is part of the Home Office Immigration and Nationality Directorate. It works with public and private sector providers to arrange accommodation and support for asylum seekers. New Deal for Communities: A Government programme to regenerate 39 very deprived areas across England over a ten-year period with the aim of bridging the gap between these neighbourhoods and the rest of the country. The Newcastle programme covers Arthur’s Hill, Cruddas Park, Rye Hill and Elswick. Newcastle Housing Forum: A forum, linked to the Newcastle Partnership, which brings together everyone with an interest in housing. Newcastle Warm Zone: A public-private partnership set up to tackle fuel poverty and improve energy efficiency across the City. Northern Way: A cross-regional strategy created by the three Northern Regional Development Agencies and their partners. These agencies cover the North East, the North West and the Yorkshire and Humber region. The purpose of the strategy is to significantly improve economic growth across the North of England. ODPM: The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister – the main government department responsible for housing and sustainable communities. Outcomes: The expected benefits or improvements resulting from an action Pathfinder area: Those parts of Newcastle covered by the activities of the housing market renewal pathfinder Bridging NewcastleGateshead (see above). Pathways: A whole housing market approach that creates a coordinated process for people to move from supported housing to independence PFI: The Private Finance Initiative is a Government mechanism to pay for new buildings and services involving the private sector in public sector projects. Polarisation: Where neighbourhoods are made up of people from narrow social groups and do not contain people with a wide spread of different household incomes. PPP: Public Private Partnerships is used as a term to describe a variety of partnerships between the public and private sectors. Refugee: An asylum seeker (see above) whose claim for asylum has been accepted and they receive a right to remain in this country. Regeneration Strategy: The City Council’s strategy comprising a comprehensive set of actions to maintain and develop sustainable communities through lasting improvements in the life and well-being of Newcastle. Registered Social Landlords (RSLs): Independent housing organisations registered with the Housing Corporation which regulates their activity. Most housing associations are RSLs. Region: The North East of England made up of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, County Durham and Tees Valley. Regional Assembly: The body that brings together the many sectors that combine to make up the North East community and aims to be an effective voice for the region and to represent its communities and interests. Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS): The strategy drawn up by the regional planning authority which sets out the strategic policies and proposals governing the future distribution of regionally or sub-regionally significant activities and developments. SAP rating: A SAP (Standard Assessment Procedure) rating reflects the notional cost per square metre of providing energy for heating and domestic hot water in a dwelling. It is expressed on a scale of 1 to 100; the lower the energy cost the higher the rating. Science Central: A development in the City Centre Discovery Quarter to house leading edge scientific research, teaching and business facilities. Secured by Design (SBD): SBD is a national scheme to encourage crime prevention measures in the planning and design of the built environment. Shared equity: A way of buying a property in staged payments without buying it all in one go on completion of the purchase. Social housing: Housing, mainly rented housing, provided by local authorities and housing associations. Sheltered housing: Purpose built accommodation for older people often with a warden or site manager. Sub-region: The area of Tyne and Wear made up of Newcastle, Gateshead, North Tyneside, South Tyneside and Sunderland. Supported housing: This is usually social housing provided for specific groups such as older people, physically disabled people, people with mental health problems, young people and people recovering from addictions. Sustainable communities/neighbourhoods: Places where people want to live and work, now and in the future. They meet the diverse needs of existing and future residents, are sensitive to their environment, and contribute to a high quality of life. They are safe and inclusive, well planned, built and run, and offer equality of opportunity and good services to all. Target Contract: A contract between NASS and a provider or group of providers for accommodation for asylum seekers who are located in the region through the Government’s programme to disperse a proportion of asylum seekers away from London and the South East. Tenure diversification: Taking action to change the proportion of housing that is rented and owned to provide housing for more mixed communities and avoid large concentrations of one type of housing. Three star rating: A rating to show that an ALMO is providing an excellent service. Travel to work area: The area from which people travel to and from work. Vitality: The ‘quality of life’ features of an area such as levels of crime, education, health, housing, income, employment and local environment that vary between neighbourhoods. YHN: Your Homes Newcastle, the ALMO set up by Newcastle City Council in 2004 to manage its housing stock.
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