Glossary by taoyni


									Appendix 5: Glossary or explanation of key words and
Affordable housing: Housing that costs less than the market rate. This includes:
1) Social rented housing provided by local authorities and registered social landlords
with rents set in line with Government guidelines;
2) Intermediate housing at prices or rents above social rent levels but below market
prices or rents, including sub-market renting, low cost home ownership and shared

ALMO: An arms length management organisation (ALMO) is a company set up by a
local authority to manage and improve all or part of its housing stock. It is owned by
the local authority and operates under the terms of a management agreement
between the authority and the ALMO. It is managed by a board of directors which
includes tenants, local authority nominees and independent members. Your Homes
Newcastle is the ALMO set up by the City Council in 2004 to manage all of its
housing stock.

ARCH: Agencies against Racist Crime and Harassment. ARCH is a multi-agency
partnership working to combat racism in Newcastle. It aims to reduce the number of
racist incidents, improve support to victims and increase understanding of racist

Asset Management Plan: The City Council’s plan for managing its assets such as
buildings, housing stock and schools wisely.

Assistive technology: Any product or service designed to enable independence for
disabled and older people.

Asylum seeker: A person who has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for
reasons of religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political
opinion, is outside the country of their nationality and is unable, or, owing to this fear,
is unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country.

Barker Review: Review of housing supply carried out by the economist Kate Barker
and published in March 2004 by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister under the
title: Delivering stability: securing our future housing needs.

BME communities: People of African, Asian, Caribbean or Chinese heritage or
descent, and other minority communities who may experience disadvantage
including Gypsies and Travellers, and people of Irish, East European or
Mediterranean origin.

BREEAM: The Building Research Establishment’s Environmental Assessment
Method. A method of assessing the environmental performance of new and existing
buildings which is regarded as the measure of best practice in environmental design
and management.

Bridging NewcastleGateshead (BNG): A 15 year project set up to tackle the
problems caused by unpopular and abandoned housing and weak housing markets
in the Outer East, Inner West and North Central areas of Newcastle, and parts of
Central Gateshead. It is administered by the local authorities working in partnership
and is one of nine sub-regional housing market renewal pathfinder projects in the
Brownfield: Previously built on land that could be available for building new homes.

Capital Strategy: The strategy that sets out the City Council’s priorities for
investment in capital schemes such as new buildings, IT systems and other large

Carbon emissions: The carbon dioxide gas produced when wood, coal, gas and oil
are burned and substantially contribute to global warming.

City region: A city or cities and the surrounding area. There are two city regions in
the North East; Tyne and Wear and Tees Valley.

Civil Partnerships: A formal contract, evidenced by a civil ceremony, between
couples in a same sex relationship which gives them rights, benefits and status
similar to married couples.

Community cohesion: In a cohesive community:
 there is a common vision and a sense of belonging for all communities
 the diversity of people’s different backgrounds and circumstances is appreciated
  and positively valued
 those from different backgrounds have similar life opportunities
 strong and positive relationships are being developed between people from
  different backgrounds in the workplace, in schools and within neighbourhoods.

Connectivity: 1) Road, rail, sea and air connections between and within cities and
2) Different types of communication links particularly electronic forms.

Core cities: The main cities in England after London: Birmingham, Bristol, Leeds,
Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham and Sheffield.

Decent Homes Standard: A standard of housing quality under which homes are
warm, weatherproof and have reasonably modern facilities.

Deck access housing: Blocks of flats where the entrance to the flats on the upper
floors is from an open walkway.

Development brief: A document that informs developers and other interested
parties of the constraints and opportunities presented by a particular site, and the
type of development expected or encouraged by local planning policies.

Disability: A physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term
effect on a person’s ability to carry out normal day to day activities. By long term we
mean the disability has lasted or is expected to last for 12 months.

Diversity: The idea that the people in an area will be different in terms of ethnic
group, age, religion, their views and identity, and that this is a strength.

Environmental Impact Assessment: A procedure for considering the potential
environmental effects of land use change. It helps decisions to be made that take full
account of the likely environmental consequences of a change in land use.

Environmentally sustainable housing: Buildings and developments that:
 use resources efficiently and with respect for the environment
   minimise waste through, for example, composting, recycling and re-use
   limit pollution
   value and protect the diversity of nature.

Executive and prestige homes: properties with some or all of these features:
 large, usually with four or more bedrooms
 detached and usually with a large garden
 luxury apartment or flat in a new development or a converted building
 individually designed.

Expo: A regeneration scheme or exposition such as the one proposed for Scotswood
where a new neighbourhood is developed to be recognised as demonstrating good
practice in sustainable urban design and living.

Extra care schemes: housing with a high level of personal care support provided to
help frail elderly people stay living independently.

Floating support: support given to residents, usually tenants, in addition to that
provided through the general housing management support of their landlord. It is
often provided to people, including those who have been homeless or were in special
accommodation where there was a lot of support, who move into new
accommodation with a general level of support, to prevent their tenancy breaking

Fuel poverty: Where a household needs to spend more than 10% of its income on
heating, hot water, cooking, lighting and using electrical appliances.

GONE: The Government Office for the North East which represents ten central
government departments across the region. It works to deliver, influence and develop
government programmes and initiatives at a regional and local level by working in
partnership with relevant organisations to meet local needs.

Health Impact Assessment: An assessment that provides a useful flexible
approach to helping those developing and delivering proposals to consider their
potential and actual impact on people’s health and well being and on health

HMO: A House in multiple occupation (HMO) is a property occupied by people who
do not form a single household. People living in this type of accommodation will
usually have their own bedroom and live in a bedsit.

Housing Corporation: The Government body that regulates and funds housing
associations in England.

HHSRS: The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) was introduced by
the Housing Act 2004 to replace the test of whether a property was fit for human
habitation with an evidence-based process to assessing the risk of harm to someone
in the property.

Housing market: The pattern of buying, selling and renting homes in a particular

Housing Market Assessment: A new way for local authorities to develop a good
understanding of how housing markets operate in their sub-region, particularly in
terms of need and demand in their communities, in order to help them and their
stakeholders improve the way they plan for housing.

Housing ‘offer’: The combination of property characteristics and location which
people compare when choosing a home.

HRA Business Plan: The City Council’s business plan for its council homes
managed by YHN which is closely aligned with the Housing and Regeneration

Housing Requirements Study: Research carried out to identify the level of housing
need in an area.

Integrated Regional Framework: This is a framework developed for the North East
which sets out a common commitment to becoming a more sustainable region and
how this can be achieved by partners and stakeholders.

Learning disability: A person is considered to have a learning disability if they have
a significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information or to learn
new skills, together with a reduced ability to cope independently. These problems will
have started before adulthood and have had a lasting effect on the person’s

LGBT: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender.

Lifetime Homes Standard: A set of sixteen housing design standards for new
housing, to ensure homes are accessible, adaptable and flexible, and can be a home
for life.

Local Development Framework (LDF): The collection of local development
documents which together deliver the land use planning strategy for Newcastle

LDF core strategy: The main document of the LDF which presents the Council’s
citywide strategic vision and priorities for planning how land is used. It covers the
period up to 2021.

Mixed communities/neighbourhoods: Places where people want to live, now and
in the future, which offer housing both to rent and to own, and attract different
households across a wide income range.

NAHP: The National Affordable Homes Programme (NAHP) is

NASS: The National Asylum Support Service is part of the Home Office Immigration
and Nationality Directorate. It works with public and private sector providers to
arrange accommodation and support for asylum seekers.

New Deal for Communities: A Government programme to regenerate 39 very
deprived areas across England over a ten-year period with the aim of bridging the
gap between these neighbourhoods and the rest of the country. The Newcastle
programme covers Arthur’s Hill, Cruddas Park, Rye Hill and Elswick.

Newcastle Housing Forum: A forum, linked to the Newcastle Partnership, which
brings together everyone with an interest in housing.
Newcastle Warm Zone: A public-private partnership set up to tackle fuel poverty
and improve energy efficiency across the City.

Northern Way: A cross-regional strategy created by the three Northern Regional
Development Agencies and their partners. These agencies cover the North East, the
North West and the Yorkshire and Humber region. The purpose of the strategy is to
significantly improve economic growth across the North of England.

ODPM: The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister – the main government department
responsible for housing and sustainable communities.

Outcomes: The expected benefits or improvements resulting from an action

Pathfinder area: Those parts of Newcastle covered by the activities of the housing
market renewal pathfinder Bridging NewcastleGateshead (see above).

Pathways: A whole housing market approach that creates a coordinated process for
people to move from supported housing to independence

PFI: The Private Finance Initiative is a Government mechanism to pay for new
buildings and services involving the private sector in public sector projects.

Polarisation: Where neighbourhoods are made up of people from narrow social
groups and do not contain people with a wide spread of different household incomes.

PPP: Public Private Partnerships is used as a term to describe a variety of
partnerships between the public and private sectors.

Refugee: An asylum seeker (see above) whose claim for asylum has been accepted
and they receive a right to remain in this country.

Regeneration Strategy: The City Council’s strategy comprising a comprehensive
set of actions to maintain and develop sustainable communities through lasting
improvements in the life and well-being of Newcastle.

Registered Social Landlords (RSLs): Independent housing organisations
registered with the Housing Corporation which regulates their activity. Most housing
associations are RSLs.

Region: The North East of England made up of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear,
County Durham and Tees Valley.

Regional Assembly: The body that brings together the many sectors that combine
to make up the North East community and aims to be an effective voice for the region
and to represent its communities and interests.

Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS): The strategy drawn up by the regional planning
authority which sets out the strategic policies and proposals governing the future
distribution of regionally or sub-regionally significant activities and developments.

SAP rating: A SAP (Standard Assessment Procedure) rating reflects the notional
cost per square metre of providing energy for heating and domestic hot water in a
dwelling. It is expressed on a scale of 1 to 100; the lower the energy cost the higher
the rating.
Science Central: A development in the City Centre Discovery Quarter to house
leading edge scientific research, teaching and business facilities.

Secured by Design (SBD): SBD is a national scheme to encourage crime
prevention measures in the planning and design of the built environment.

Shared equity: A way of buying a property in staged payments without buying it all
in one go on completion of the purchase.

Social housing: Housing, mainly rented housing, provided by local authorities and
housing associations.

Sheltered housing: Purpose built accommodation for older people often with a
warden or site manager.

Sub-region: The area of Tyne and Wear made up of Newcastle, Gateshead, North
Tyneside, South Tyneside and Sunderland.

Supported housing: This is usually social housing provided for specific groups such
as older people, physically disabled people, people with mental health problems,
young people and people recovering from addictions.

Sustainable communities/neighbourhoods: Places where people want to live and
work, now and in the future. They meet the diverse needs of existing and future
residents, are sensitive to their environment, and contribute to a high quality of life.
They are safe and inclusive, well planned, built and run, and offer equality of
opportunity and good services to all.

Target Contract: A contract between NASS and a provider or group of providers for
accommodation for asylum seekers who are located in the region through the
Government’s programme to disperse a proportion of asylum seekers away from
London and the South East.

Tenure diversification: Taking action to change the proportion of housing that is
rented and owned to provide housing for more mixed communities and avoid large
concentrations of one type of housing.

Three star rating: A rating to show that an ALMO is providing an excellent service.

Travel to work area: The area from which people travel to and from work.

Vitality: The ‘quality of life’ features of an area such as levels of crime, education,
health, housing, income, employment and local environment that vary between

YHN: Your Homes Newcastle, the ALMO set up by Newcastle City Council in 2004 to
manage its housing stock.

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