2010 GARDEN CALENDAR by taoyni


									                                                                   2010 GARDEN CALENDAR
                          JANUARY                                                           FEBRUARY                                                                  MARCH

1. Plan gardens & beds now. Till in organic matter 4-6 weeks        1. Tune up that lawn mower and sharpen the blades.                1. Plant tender plants like poinsettias and hibiscus after the March full
    before planting.                                                   (Yes, the oil and spark plugs hould also be changed!)             moon.
2. Shop for camellias, as they are readily available now.           2. Fertilize all fruit trees this month.                          2. If needed, fertilize lawns with slow release fertilizer such as a
3. Keep mulch thick (at least 3") to moderate soil                  3. Complete pruning of dormant trees, shrubs and roses.              15-0-15, unless you did so last month.
    temperatures, improve root growth & suppress weeds.                Do not prune azaleas or climbing roses.                        3. Prune and fertilize azaleas, dogwood, and spirea, once blooming has
4. Take soil samples to see if garden areas will require pH         4 Harden off seedlings, which have been started indoors, by          finished.
   adjustments..                                                       setting them out on cool nights.                               4. Make sure you keep newly planted shrubs watered daily for first
5. Do not plant holiday gift plants until March, due to cold        5. Use a pre-emergent herbicide to control sandspurs.                few weeks to hasten establishment.
   weather. Do keep them in high light levels.                      6. This is an excellent month to transplant or plant hardy        5. Warm season vegetables should be planted by mid-March
7. Selectively prune back dormant crape myrtles.                        trees and woody shrubs.                                            especially tomatoes) to assure good production
8. Start seeds to be used as transplants                            7. Once lawn shows signs of growth,                                   before heat stress occurs.
   so they are ready for a March planting. May need to order            apply fertilizer if needed.                                   6. To get dead grass blades from the lawn, set the mower blade lower
   seed via mail.                                                   8. Apply a dormant oil spray if scale insects are on camellias,       than normal and mow. Then, return the blade to normal position.
9. Irrigation systems should legally only run run once a               sagos, or hollies.                                             7. At Daylight Savings, March 14, adjust irrigation timer from winter
   week during winter.                                              9. Put soil amendments in gardens and plant beds                      schedule to summer(twice weekly).
10. Carrots, cabbage, cauliflower, & radish can be planted.            several weeks before
    Note- Come to Arbor Day tree seedling give-                        planting.
    away at a local library on Friday, Jan. 15.

                            APRIL                                                               MAY                                                                    JUNE

1. Production gardens are fed every 4-6 weeks with granular         1. Prepare for hurricane season by knowing how you will           1. Flea comb your pets frequently to reduce flea problems.
    fertilizer.                                                        secure patio furniture & pottery.                              2. Prune azaleas, before flower buds begin to develop, for next
2. Keep annuals blooming by pinching off expired blossoms           2. Replenish mulch to conserve water and combat                      spring’s bloom.
   frequently.                                                         weeds. Mulch should be at least three (3) inches deep.         3. Turn off irrigation systems when natural rainfall occurs.
3. If it is rainy, shut off the timer to your irrigation system.    3. Fertilize fruit trees for the second time of the year.         4. Prune hydrangeas, gardenias, and hibiscus after they finish
4. Mow lawns at the proper height (three                            4. Inspect St. Augustine grass for chinch bug damage in hot          blooming.
    inches for St. Augustine, four inches for Bahia).                  sunny areas.                                                   5. Pinch tips of shrubs to encourage fullness, particularly in shady
5. Keep vegetables picked as they ripen. This discourages           5. Observe Mother’s Day, May 9. Give                                 areas.
    pests and diseases. iscard fading plants.                          mom a beautiful flowering plant.. Stay on top of weeds by      6. Insect and disease populations are on the rise. Scout frequently to
6. Celebrate Earth Day on the 22nd. Plant a tree!                      pulling them or use sprays until we get too warm, about           determine if control measures are warranted. Prune out affected
7. Add yard waste to compost pile once                                 90º F.                                                            areas.
    you have cut it into small pieces.                              7. This could be a dry month. Watch for signs of                  7. Watch for manganese deficiency in palms and cycads. New growth
8. Be on the lookout for citrus leaf miners. Apply oil spray if        water stress in plants.                                            will be off colored.
   needed.                                                          8. Enter your vegetable garden in the St. Johns County            8. Inspect lawns for chinch bugs. Treat infected area and only 5 feet
9. Have dead wood removed from trees                                   Vegetable Gardening Contest. Call 209- 0430                       beyond.
   before hurricane season.                                         9. Update supplies in your Hurricane Survival Kit.                9. Apply for St. Johns County Master Gardener Program, if interested.
10. Attend EPIC Flower & Garden Expo at the Ag Center
     April 17 & 18.

                             JULY                                                              AUGUST                                                                SEPTEMBER

1. Pull up dying annuals or vegetables                              1. During wet periods, check for fungus                             1. Most vegetable varieties can be planted
    so they do not harbor pests.                                        (brown areas in lawns). Reduce                                     now and will produce before our first killing frost.
2. Scout St. Augustine lawns for chinch                                 irrigation frequency, if necessary.                             2. Fertilize young trees and shrubs to
    bugs. They prefer sunny, hot areas.                             2. Start seeds for the fall or cool-season garden.                     increase cold hardiness. An 8-4-8 or 10- 5-10 will work well.
3. Remove weak or dead tree limbs in                                3. Pinch back the tips of poinsettias and                           3. Give your lawn its final fertilization for the year.
    preparation for tropical storms and hurricanes.                     chrysanthemums to create bushier                                4. Don’t prune poinsettias after September
4. Plants will root well from cuttings                                  plants and more blooms.                                            10th, as it may interfere with flowering
    now. A 4 - 6 inch cutting is desirable.                         4. The dogwood twig borer will become                                  in December.
5. Plant only heat tolerant flowers and                                 a nuisance on dogwood and other trees now.                      5. Continue checking your lawn for pest damage and reduce
   vegetables. The list becomes limited this month.                 5. Prune faded crape myrtle blossoms                                    populations with appropriate treatment.
6. St. Augustine lawns may require an iron application. Refrain        (seed pods only) to encourage a second blooming.                 6. Divide bulbs to reduce competition and encourage blooms.
    from applying nitrogen.                                         6. This is the last month to plant grass                               Amaryllis do not need a rest period, so replant them
7. If it is rainy, reduce irrigation frequency so as not to            seed and expect a good establishment before winter.                 immediately.
   encourage diseases.                                              7. Trim back tropical plants like plumbagos, hibiscus,              8. Autumn begins Sept. 23; days become shorter, plan activities
8. Solar treatment of soil in vegetable gardens may help control       and lantana, as they flower on new growth.                          accordingly.
   nematodes. Cover uncultivated areas with clear                   8. Insect population’s peak. Scout often                            9. Inspect hibiscus, sagos, gardenias, and India hawthorne for scale.
   plastic. This will control weeds, too.                               and apply controls as needed.

                          OCTOBER                                                            NOVEMBER                                                                DECEMBER

1. Plant cold-hardy trees and shrubs to give them a long            1. Now is the time to plant strawberries for a spring harvest.      1. Now is the time to transplant small trees
   establishment period before spring.                              2. Reduce landscape irrigation in cool weather to once a week.          and shrubs during their dormant phase.
2. Root prune plants you intend to transplant this winter.             Daylight Savings ends Nov. 7th.                                  2. Buy a live Christmas tree, then plant it for Arbor Day next month!
3. Keep inspecting for pests. Insects will feed heavily in          3. Check camellias, hollies, and pittosporum for scale insects.     3. Water plants heavily at least 24 hours
   preparation for winter.                                             Treat with a dormant oil spray for control.                           before a freeze is due. This helps to increase their cold tolerance.
4. Transplant perennials. Mulch heavily and keep the soil.          4. Now is the time to plant ryegrass seed if you have a desire      4. Prune dormant fruit trees and young ornamental trees now.
    moist to hasten their establishment.                               for a green winter lawn. Sow at a rate of 10 pounds/1,000        5. Ryegrass will need to be fertilized and mowed.
5. Use fallen leaves for compost and mulch.                            ft.                                                              6. Many bulbs can be planted now for spring and summer bloom for
6. Dig and store Faded caladiums. If left in place survival is      5. Remember to mulch plants for cold protection. Use leaves             2011.
   reduced.                                                            or pine needles for inexpensive mulch. Make sure plants          7. Place holiday plants in good sunlight and
7. This could be a dry month, watch for water stress.                  have a 3 - 4" layer of mulch.                                        cool temperatures for long-lasting blooms.
8. Plant paperwhite narcissus for fall flower display.              6. Check evergreens for spider mites.                               8. Use fallen leaves as mulch or add to the compost pile.
9. Purchase bulbs of tulips, crocus, and hyacinth and refrigerate   7. Plant petunia, dianthus, pansy, and snapdragons for winter       9. Plant additional greens and root crops in
    for six weeks, before planting.                                    color.                                                              the vegetable garden for spring harvest.
10. Attend Home & Garden Show at                                    8. Have frost covers handy in case it freezes. Our first freeze     10. Give rain gauges as gifts so friends can realize when they can
    the Ag Center Oct. 2 & 3.                                          can occur around Thanksgiving.                                        save water by reducing applied irrigation.
                                                                    9. Start a compost pile to utilize fallen leaves and other yard
                 Calendar of Events January 2010
                                                                    January 2010
              8th ………..Winter Garden Class (Friday) – Please call the St. Johns County Agricultural
                                                      Center , (904) 209-0430, to register. The cost
                                                      is $ 5.00 per person.      10 AM -noon
             15 ………….Arbor Day Tree Seedling Giveaway (Friday) - libraries at: Anastasia               Island, Bartram, Hastings,
             Main, Ponte Vedra and Southeast - 8:30 AM

                       Seasons Greetings and Happy New Year!

                 Master Gardeners are available at the Agricultural Center
                     Monday - Friday - 9:00 AM - Noon
                      Call with horticulturally related questions
                 Call 209-0430 or TDD service at 1-800-955-8771


    Keith Fuller,                            Madeline Samec, Contributing Editor
    Horticulture Agent St. Johns County


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