The Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project The Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project is one of the eight projects under the Nile Basin Initiative shared Vision Program (SVP). This project was officially launched in May 2004 and preparatory activities begun in October 2003. The NTEAP is a five-year project hosted by Sudan and located in Khartoum. The NTEAP supports the development of a basin-wide framework for actions to address high priority transboundary environmental issues within the context of the Nile Basin initiative’s Strategic Action Program. The Objective The main objective of the project is to provide a strategic environmental framework for the management of the transboundary waters and environment challenges in the Nile river basin. The project specifically aims to: Improve the understanding of the relationship of water resources development and environment. Provide forums to discuss development paths for the Nile with a wide range of stakeholders. Enhance basin-wide cooperation and environmental awareness and Enhance environmental management capacities of the basin-wide institutions and the NBI. Project components The NTEAP has five components: 1. Institutional Strengthening to Facilitate Regional Cooperation This component aims to enable improved transboundary cooperation within the basin through improved communication, knowledge exchange and enhanced tools for environmental management. 2. Community-Level Land, Forest and Water Conservation This component supports pilot activities (funded through the National Transboundary Microgrants) in geographic and thematic areas of transboundary significance and demonstrates the feasibility of local level approaches to land and water conservation. 3. Environmental Education & Awareness This component works towards increased public awareness and understanding of communities within the basin, about basin-wide environmental issues. While activities target the future generation, interventions will act on three levels; (i) the general public, (ii) primary and secondary schools and (iii) university environmental education 4. Wetlands and Biodiversity Conservation This component aims to improve the understanding of wetlands function in sustainable development and management at selected transboundary wetlands sites. 5. Water Quality Monitoring This component initiates a basin wide dialogue on water quality, in addition to exchanging and disseminating information on key parameters. The component also improves the understanding of transboundary water quality issues and capacities for monitoring and management of water quality. Financial and Technical Support The NTEAP is owned and implemented by the NBI countries through the financial and technical assistant of UNDP and the World Bank. CIDA has provided financial support through the Nile Basin Trust Fund. UNOPS provides support services in the implementation of NTEAP. The total budget for the five year period amounts to 43.6 million US dollars, including contributions from the riparian countries. Institutional Strengthening Achievements: In Burundi Trained 38 people were on Nile River Awareness Kit CD Rom use Supported the planting of 30,800 local species trees into the KAYANZA Arboretum (20 ha). Disseminated 230 NRAK CD Roms. In DRC Supported the formation of a local project management committee. Established 4 tree nurseries. Replanted 10 hectares. Trained 20 community members on reforestation techniques. 4 radio programs and interviews with community members were broadcasted. 150 French Nile River Awareness Kit CD Roms produced locally and disseminated through schools, universities, NGOs and ministries. 45 participants attended workshops on NRAK demonstration conducted in Goma and Kinshasa. In Egypt The national office established strong linkages with stakeholders from ministries, partners and NGOs. Established a national consultation mechanism to develop annual work plans with participation of stakeholders. Completed a study on macro-sectoral policies and impact on non-point pollution from pesticides. Undertook the National Nile Basin Development Forum in November 2007 where more than 60 specialists from different fields deliberated about the Nile over two days. In Ethiopia Replicated 1,200 Nile River Awareness Kit CD Roms. Conducted 3 Regional Training of Trainers Completed study on Macro/sectoral policy on land degradation and deforestation. Conducted the 2008 National NBDF. In Kenya Supported the formation of a village environment committee to support conservation in the villages. Built the capacity of these committees through training who in turn trained groups in the villages. Tree nurseries established by groups and schools and trees planted along river banks. Conducted training on beekeeping and fish farming. Developed a wetland management plan for one wetland. Produced and disseminated 200 Nile River Awareness Kit CDs. Macro policy study is currently underway. In Rwanda Conducted a study on the impact of macro policies on the Nile environment. Conducted the first regional workshop on best practices. Conducted Nile River Awareness Kit training workshops; where the NRAK CDs were reproduced and distributed. Celebrated the Nile Day (2007 & 2008) In Sudan Partnership strengthened with national and regional institutions together with NBI institutions through joint activities. Institutions trained on the Nile River Awareness Kit and CD distributed to stakeholders. 2008 National Nile Basin Development Forum was conducted in January, committees formed and plans prepared for the main regional forum which will take place in November 2008. Conducted Macro policy Study on impact of oil exploration in Nile environments. Celebrated The Nile Day 2008 in coordination with NBI office & CBSI project. In Tanzania Facilitated and completed consultancy for Micro-policies studies on Environment Organized the National Nile Basin Development Forum 2008 Nile River Awareness Kit (NRAK) – Training and Distribution of 180 NRAK CD. Celebrated Nile Day: Invoking the basin wide Impact of Human Actions and the Importance peace in the basin prosperity In Uganda Conducted a National Nile Basin Development Forum (NBDF) Conference. Trained over 30 EE Coordinators on the Nile River Awareness Kit, reproduced and distributed CDs. Completed a Study on the Impact of Macro and Sectoral Policies on Environment. Completed the Evaluation of Micro Grants activities programme in Uganda. Environmental Education and Public Awareness Achievements In Burundi Completed 6 School projects; 3 School projects in progress since 2008 Supported the planting of 56,990 trees through school projects. A pigsty with 40 pigs is functioning in Gatara school project. 1 biogas unit has been constructed and is functioning at Gatara secondary school. Rehabilitated 1 biogas unit functioning at Mwaro Secondary School. 2 EE modules for primary and secondary schools has been prepared and handed over to the Ministry for Education. Trained 20 teachers on project-based learning. Organized 4 awareness campaigns on the Nile (2005, 2006, 2007, 2008). 276 students from 16 secondary schools participated in School Awards Scheme (2006, 2007, and 2008). In DRC Developed training modules for primary and secondary schools Developed and disseminated banners, stickers, poems and arts throughout the Nile basin in DRC. Established EE Professional Network In Egypt Implemented 7 school projects to address national priorities including wastewater recycling, water hyacinths control, waste management and re-use. Issued a baseline report on Environmental Education and Awareness in Egypt. Celebrated Nile Week in 5 Governorates under the theme of land degradation in 2007. Celebrated Nile Week in 3 Governorates under the theme of Wetlands Management in 2008. Supported the planting of 10,000 trees to help mitigate land degradation problems in 5 Governorates. Facilitated the Nile School award throughout the country and there were winners from 8 governorates. The regional winner received the award in Nile- Com Entebbe meeting in June 2007. Celebrated the World Environment Day in 2005 with more than 3000 participants from Aswan, Qena and Luxor with the participation of their Excellencies the Governors and the Ambassador of Kenya. Trained 25 officials on design and development of awareness raising material. Trained 20 teachers on environmental active and project-based learning. Trained 26 Journalists on environmental journalism. Trained 50 farmers on increasing irrigation efficiency. Facilitated the Nile School Award in 2008 and winners from 7 Governorates awarded. In Ethiopia Established Regional & National Working Group members National Teachers Training conducted Supported two awareness campaigns within the Basin. 2, 900 trees planted. Facilitated 2 School Awards Schemes. 10 school projects implemented. Covering issues of land degradation, deforestation and soul erosion Procured one biogas and nine plastic water tankers and one concreted water tankers. Procured nursery equipments, horticultural and indigenous seeds in all the ten school projects. Nursery beds were prepared. Different indigenous and horticultural crops grown. Established national EE&A forum Formed National Teachers Network In Kenya Completed 9 school projects covering solutions to several environmental threats including waste management, alternative energy, wetlands conservation and reforestation. The projects are being used to teach students and the surrounding community and so contribute to a more environmentally aware society. Celebrated the Nile Awareness week campaign during which 6,000 tree seedlings were planted across the basin and raised awareness on the need to reforest. Established a National Teachers Network functioning with knowledge on project based learning and use of e-learning tools. Supported the planting of 8,500 trees this year, teachers network is now registered as a professional association in Kenya. In Rwanda The national working group is functioning and has guided implementation of component activities. 6 new school projects are being implemented; 3 completed. The projects provided practical lessons to the students in environmental conservation and allowed the neighboring communities to learn from the results of the projects. Conducted hands-on community training through which the participants got a better understanding of the link between poverty and natural resources in their daily lives. Trained teachers on use of school projects as teaching tools and mainstreaming environment issues in the classrooms. Trained journalists in effective environmental reporting. Supported trainings in awareness materials development; and preparation of awareness materials. In Sudan Supported the implementation of 9 school project based learning projects. Projects include establishment of tree nurseries, arboretums, shelter belts provision of clean water and application of solar energy. Conducted awareness campaigns in World Environment Days and Nile Environment Week in collaboration with hosing institute and stakeholders where tree planting was a major activity. More than 4, 000 trees were planted in different campaigns in Khartoum, North State and in Equatoria including a campaign at the boarder with Uganda. Printed and distributed the University Environmental Education Frame work to universities; 15 universities participated in a national workshop in Ahfad University for Women for adopting the frame work. About 20 teachers from 8 schools trained in project based learning, networking and use of websites Media practitioners and teachers trained in designing and production of awareness materials School awards schemes organized and participation of winners in regional ceremonies facilitated. Facilitated exchange of two students from Sudan & Ethiopia in University exchange for students program. In Tanzania Supported the implementation of 10 school projects in Kagera, Mwanza, Mara and Shinyanga. Supported the printing of 2000 copies of Environmental Education Teaching Guidelines. Participated in World Environment Day commemorations within the basin for three consecutive years (2005, 2006, and 2007). 2006 WED commemoration was conducted across the boarder with Kenya. Produced 1500 T-Shirts that carried the message of WED Themes for three years (2005, 2006, 2007). Produced 1 Newspaper advert on Nile Week (2007). Supported Production of Information Communication and Education materials for one National Eligible Projects. NPC had 3 radio and 4 television interviews in commemoration of WED, World Wetlands Day and during project monitoring visits. Facilitated Nile School Award Competitions Produced Winner of regional Essay writing 2006 Produced first Runner for Art Drawing competition 2007 Established National Working Group for Environmental Education and Awareness. Trained 20 teachers on e-learning and use of Information Technology for environmental studies. Trained 20 teachers on the designing of environmental education teaching materials. Two University Students participated in the University Exchange Program and worked in Kenya and Ethiopia. This is part of promoting the understanding of Transboundary Environmental Issues among the future leaders of the basin countries. In Uganda 7 schools currently implementing Projects Based Learning activities. 8 different types of awareness materials prepared. 5 of which printed. 2 schools (Wanyange Girls School & Kanjuki S. S.) involved in Project Based Learning have established tree nurseries. Conducted 3 awareness campaigns including clean ups of schools, markets, and tree planting in Kasese, Moyo and Arua districts. 980 adults and 2,500 school children actively participated in planting 3,063 trees. 430 NRAK CDs were distributed to schools, NGO’s and members of parliament. Community-Level Land, Forest and Water Conservation Achievements In Burundi Supported 26 MG projects since 2006. The program is operational in 8 provinces. 9000 households are benefiting from the microgrants program. 15 projects completed 11 projects are in progress. 2 cross border projects with Rwandese MGP. 4 MG projects are implemented by women’s groups. 665 Hectares protected / conserved. Supported the planting of 1,800,000 trees. 4451 improved cooking stoves constructed and disseminated. 640 km of progressive terraces for erosion control established. In DRC There are 20 ongoing micro grant projects targeting more than 150,000 direct beneficiaries; 51 nurseries and more than 700,000 trees of different species were planted Produced and distributed 600 stoves to beneficiaries in reduction of firewood consumption; 2, 000 kg of seeds were distributed to farmers and adoption of good practices in land using for agriculture; 9 ponds fitted and more than 8 tons of fishes collected and distributed to community beneficiaries, 16 latrines were constructed (40 expected before the end of this year) Distributed 500 goats to vulnerable women as part of income generating activities to reduce pressure on local biodiversity; 4 water points fitted for the local community More than 1,376 beneficiaries have been trained and more than 200,000 people are aware of the MG activities; Created 764 income generation activities In Egypt 27 projects were approved in 2 Governorates of Egypt. Completed 7 projects out of 27. 3 new projects were approved this year; one of them is a cross-border project with Sudan. One of the MG projects has been replicated by a donor (Danish Agency) with the same implemented MG sanitary system module (Gharb Sohil village / Aswan). Enhanced the capacities of 475 members (269 males & 206 females) of environmental NGOs in both geographical areas (Aswan – Qena ). One of the MG projects was used to mobilize resources to build a girls club. Independent Audit and National Evaluation of the MG Program were conducted with positive outcomes. In Ethiopia 24 Micro grant projects are underway. 4 are in their final stages. 1 transboundary project already approved. 1 cross border project already approved Soil and water conservation and afforestation are the main thematic focuses. 16 NGOs, 3 CBOs and 2 NGO/CBO partners are directly participating. In Kenya 26 projects were approved ranging from land degradation control, afforestation, water conservation, energy saving and wetlands conservation projects. Completed 1 MG project. 22 MG projects are underway in various parts of the Nile basin region in Kenya. 3 new projects were approved in 2008 and are just starting up. In Rwanda 23 Micro grant projects approved (Implementation of 3 new project starts in July 2008). Implemented 20 Micro grant projects. Practiced 20 income generating activities. 1, 771 households benefited from microgrants. Rwanda Nile Community and Environment News Bulletin introduced to sensitize and disseminate micro grant results. In Sudan There are 32 MG projects; 22 in North Sudan (12 are completed). 2 cross border projects with Egypt and Ethiopia. 6 projects are under implementation in South Sudan. Trained partner NGOs and local communities in project formulation and implementation. In Tanzania 28 projects supported since 2005. Completed 12 projects. 16 projects in progress. The program is operation in 8 districts. 1 Cross boarder workshop with Uganda Program. 11 (7 male, 4 female) with Tanzanian participants from Kagera region. Facilitated an exposure visit for 12 Burundi and Rwanda MG projects proponents and staff in 2007. More than 10,000 seedlings were planted to help conserve and protect the catchments. Microgrants projects have benefited more than 20, 000 people whose collective efforts contribute in conserving and reducing degradation of the upper catchments of the Nile River. In Uganda: Supported 28 projects since 2005. Completed 7 projects. 21 projects in progress. 9 projects are being implemented by women’s groups. 8 projects involved in cross-border activities. 141,200 trees planted by 10 organizations. 12 protected springs, 12 shallow wells and 37 community water tanks constructed by 14 projects. 7,530 people now have access to safe water from facilities supported by the projects. 405 households involved in income-generating activities to reduce poverty at household level. Wetlands and Biodiversity Achievements In Burundi Established a National Working Group Trained 4 staff members from the Ministry for Environment in Wetlands Management. Completed a baseline report on Wetlands & Biodiversity in Burundi. Participated in the concluded ecological and economical studies on the role of Wetlands of Cyohoha sub basin. In DRC Formed a national working group Trained 2 participants in wetland management In Egypt Selected Regional Working Group members. Trained 4 staff from the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agencies on wetland management and biodiversity conservation internationally Formulated the National Supreme Committee for Wetlands and Biodiversity is underway. Established the National Supreme committee for Wetlands and Biodiversity to bring senior officials from the different agencies and ministries of concern together. In Ethiopia Established both Regional and National Wetlands & Biodiversity Working Group. Supported the training of three officers for six weeks in an international course on African Wetland Management, Kenya. Two additional candidates were nominated for the training. Completed the Study in W&B of Lake Tana Basin. Completed the rapid assessment study for Aletash National park. In Kenya Established a National Working Group supporting the implementation of wetland activities in the country. Held a baseline meeting of experts that provided information on the status of wetlands and wetland biodiversity in the Nile basin in Kenya thus contributing to informing NTEAP support to country wetland priorities. Formed biodiversity Expert Groups. Coordinated process to develop a management plan for the transboundary sio-siteko wetland. Trained 3 officers of Transboundary sites in wetland management In Rwanda Established a National Working Group which held a meeting to guide on component activity implementation. Participated in the process to conduct the ecological and socio-economic studies on L.Cyohoha south sub basin. Two experts trained in wetland management Held a stakeholder (Burundi & Rwanda) workshop to review the results of socio- economic and ecological studies on L.Cyohoha south sub basin. Sta In Sudan Hosted the inaugural Regional working group meeting organized in Khartoum honored by the Minister of Irrigation. Established a focal point for management of wetlands in Government of South Sudan. and another one has been started in the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning Formed Working Group for South Sudan. The second meeting for the networking group was conducted and presented recommendations for management of Sudd Wetlands. Established a network of expertise and themes. Supported a joint Sudan/ Ethiopia exploration visit with micro grant & water shed project for preparing for joint studies on Dinder/ Alatish National Parks. In Tanzania NTEAP interests considered for mainstreaming in the existing National Wetlands Working Group. 1 National Wetlands Working Group Meeting held in October 2007 In Commemoration of World Wetlands Day: 1 newspaper article was produced and 1 television interview held In Uganda: Nominated Wetlands and Biodiversity Working Group members. Wetlands and Biodiversity Working Group inaugurated and held their first meeting. Hosted the Regional Wetlands and Biodiversity Working Group informal meeting for developing Wetlands and Biodiversity training and awareness materials. Supported the re-starting of the Uganda Institute of Ecology which seized to operate two decades ago. Initiated in collaboration with Kenya to develop a Transboundary Wetland Management Plan for Sio-Siteko Wetland System. Water Quality Monitoring Achievements In Burundi Procured laboratory equipment Completed a Study on Water Quality Data Management in Burundi Established 4 Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring stations Trained 1 staff member from the NIEWC in Biological Water Quality Monitoring. Printed and disseminated 60 copies of the WQ Baseline Report in French to stakeholders. Two secondary schools received WQ monitoring kits from International Water Association in 2007. WQM NWG Members participated to the World Water Monitoring Day in 2006, 2007 In DRC Various water quality manuals translated into French. Procured laboratory equipment. Equipped 2 sampling stations in Goma and Butembo. WQ national working group members continue to support the implementation of WQ activities and to ensure linkages with activities implemented at the regional level. In Egypt Issued a Baseline report on water quality monitoring. The WQ working group, comprising of government employees, participated in the World Water day in 2006 and 2007. Undertook training on Recycling of Agricultural wastes to minimize their negative impacts on Water Quality in Water courses. Produced training Modules for Water Quality Monitoring. Completed the assessment of data management and developed the recommended management system. In Ethiopia Established Regional & National Working Groups Procured Simple Water Quality Test Kits and handed them over to the Ministry of Water Resources Procured laboratory equipments and handed them over to the Ministry of Water Resources. Developed and distributed WQ Awareness materials. In Kenya Transboundary WQ monitoring station functional – seven transboundary WQ monitoring stations are used to collect data which is shared across the Nile basin. Procured laboratory equipment for LVEMP Lab Kisumu. WQ working group members continue to support national level implementation of WQ activities and linkages to regional activities. In Rwanda Procured WQ laboratory equipment. Participated in World Water day celebrations (2006 – 2008); and world water quality monitoring day activities. Conducted water quality training modules and data management studies Conducted water quality baseline studies. Conducted water quality monitoring and enforcement workshop. Established WQM stations and initiated sampling. Multiplied copies of WQM manuals in French and English. Procured WQM kits for schools and local communities. In Sudan Formed a regional WQ Working group including representation of South Sudan. Prepared baseline reports and WQ training modules. Celebrated World Water Days in coordination with UNESCO for Science & Education & other partners. Joined the IWA in celebration of World Monitoring Day in partnership with Youth & schools. Plan for institutionalizing and operating 5 transboundary monitoring stations prepared in consultation with the Directorate for Water Resources. Procured water quality monitoring equipments and small kits for the laboratories of the federal government and local government in South Sudan. Water quality equipments procured for main laboratory and small kits water quality equipments procured for laboratories in North & South Sudan. In Tanzania 6 Schools Participated in collecting information for the World Water Quality Monitoring Day. Procured simple Water Quality Monitoring Test Kits for Schools. Procured 3 Water Quality Monitoring Kits for Laboratory Established National Water Quality Working Group. Compiled Baseline study on Water Quality Monitoring, water quality data management, water quality training modules and quality assurance. In Uganda Procured Simple Water Quality Monitoring Test Kits for Schools & Communities. Data Management and Training modules in Water Quality Management are in place. Provided partial support towards equipments of the Water Quality Laboratory in Entebbe.