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Environmental Aspects

VIEWS: 21 PAGES: 11

  • pg 1
									Environmental Review
        2006



               January 2006



            United Nations University
            53-70 Jingumae 5-chome
          Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-8925
                       Japan
     Internet: http://www.unu.edu/ISO14001




                                             Page 1
            Executive Summary
This report presents a brief overview of the
environmental performance of the United
Nations University Centre (UNU Centre) and
the Institute for Advanced Studies (UNU- IAS),
in Tokyo and Yokohama respectively. Also
included is an evaluation of the activities of the
UNU Centre and UNU-IAS against the
established       environmental    management
system‘s targets and objectives of the 2004-05
biennium.

In the 2004-05 UNU fell short of meeting
targets relating to the greening of UNU work
practices, particularly in terms of reduction gas
and electricity consumption and waste
generation at the UNU Centre, but met the
target for reductions in water/sewage. There
was, however, a corresponding increase in the
number of public events held in the last
biennium, which would have a significant effect
on utilities consumption and waste generation
at the UNU Centre. There will need to be a
stronger focus on improving the environmental
performance of events at the UNU Centre.

UNU continued to demonstrate a commitment
towards environment related research and
capacity building through the projects and
initiatives associated with the Environment and
Sustainable Development Programme of the
UNU Centre and the research streams of the
UNU-IAS, despite a prioritisation of research
projects in the 2004-05 biennium.            This
continuation of research in environment was
evidenced by the number of publications,
journal articles, editorials, policy briefs, and
discussion papers, as well as within capacity
building efforts for fellowships, interns and
training courses.

Despite a slight decrease in UNU personnel at
the UNU Centre and UNU-IAS the tenants at
the UNU Centre (Unit 5: tenants) had fully
occupied the total floor space of the building
with the addition of the Universal Networking
Digital Language Foundation in 2005. In 2004
UNU-IAS also relocated to Yokohama.

The UNU is committed to making further
environmental performance improvements in
the 2006-07 biennium and will look to all areas
of its activities and set clear priorities for action.




                                                         Page 1
1        Introduction
                                                          Figure 1 UNU Environmental Policy
Research and capacity development work of
the United Nations University (UNU) explores        The United Nations University is committed to the
the interactions between human activities and       ideals and practices of environmental sustainability
the natural environment and their implications      and has established four goals for the continual
for the sustainable management of natural           improvement of the University‘s environmental
resources at the local, national, regional and      performance and for the prevention of pollution. We
global levels.                                      consider that these goals are appropriate to the
                                                    nature, scale and environmental impacts of the
The UNU is committed to the promotion of            University.
innovative solutions to pressing global
environmental problems.         We work in          1. Greening Our Work Practices
partnership with other UN agencies, national        Comply with all applicable environmental laws and
governments, academic institutions, non-            regulations, and with other requirements to which
government organizations, business and others       the UNU subscribes; Include environmental
to pursue this objective.       Our specialists     considerations in the University‘s procurement
located in research and training centres across     practices; Reuse, reduce and recycle materials and
the globe have a long and successful track          goods purchased; and Save energy and reduce
record of producing timely and targeted             water consumption.
research designed to meet the needs of policy
makers, particularly those from developing          2. Greening Our Work Place
countries.                                          Improve the quality of the working environment
                                                    within the UNU buildings in Tokyo (internal air
The UNU is determined to establish strong           quality, drinking water quality, waste, lighting,
credentials as an environmentally friendly          health and safety, etc.)
institution. Today, the only effective way to
establish these ―green‖ qualifications is through   3. Contribute to the Global Community
the international environmental management          Engage in research, networking, knowledge
standard – ISO14001. Consequently, in May           transfer and capacity building projects contributing
1999, the UNU set up a steering group under         to environmental sustainability
the guidance of the Environmental Co-ordinator
(the then Vice Rector, Professor Motoyuki           4. Contribute to the Local Community
Suzuki) to develop an ISO14001 certified            Participate as a responsible neighbour in local
environmental management system that would          initiatives to improve the quality of the environment
reduce the impact on the environment through        Organize events (such as World Environment Day)
a process of continuous improvement. In             to raise local awareness of environmental problems
January 2001 the UNU Centre and UNU-IAS
were ISO14001 certified. In March 2004 this
certification was renewed.                          Management and personnel of the UNU are
                                                    expected to understand how their actions impact
In order to promote increased environmental         on the environment and to take measures to
awareness within the UNU, the University            improve both environmental performance and
established an environmental policy under the       quality so as to minimize the direct and indirect
banner ―Going for Green‖, as presented in           negative impacts of our activities, where ever
Figure 1 (right).                                   possible.    We will also highlight the positive
                                                    contribution made by the University to the solution
The following DRAFT report presents the             of pressing environmental problems around the
findings of the third review of the UNU‘s           world.
environmental    performance.      Previous
Environmental Review reports are available          The goals set out in this policy statement will be
from     the   UNU‘s    ISO14001    website         implemented through a comprehensive plan
(http://www.unu.edu/ISO14001).                      containing objectives and measurable targets and
                                                    with monitoring, review, self-assessment and
                                                    analysis of performance against the plan. We will
                                                    also take corrective action, whenever appropriate,
                                                    and encourage all personnel to participate in an
                                                    open dialogue on how best to improve the
                                                    environmental performance and environmental
                                                    management system of the University.




                                                                                              Page 2
2                   Environmental Performance                                               cooling system) between 2002 and 2005, a
                                                                                            marginal increase in electricity consumption, a
The following provides a summary of the                                                     decrease in water consumption and a marginal
environmental performance of the direct and                                                 increase in expenditure for the biennium.
indirect aspects at the UNU Centre and UNU-
IAS over the last biennium.                                                                 Figure 4 (below) shows the annual electricity
                                                                                            consumption per employee at UNU Centre
The performance of direct aspects in terms of                                               between 1998 and 2005.           Over the last
utilities consumption and waste and recycling is                                            biennium there was a marginal increase of 2%.
provided only for the UNU Centre. Data on                                                   In 2004 the total electricity consumption per
direct impacts is unavailable for UNU-IAS                                                   employee was 18,836 kwh, which was a
because of the leasing constraints in the new                                               marginal increase of 388 kwh (or just over
office facilities in Yokohama.                                                              2.0%) in comparison with 2003. In 2005 there
                                                                                            was a marginal decrease of 83 kwh (or more
Over the last few years, there have also been                                               than 0.4%) to a total of 18,754 kwh.
significant changes in the number of
                                                                                              Figure 4. Annual Electricity Consumption per
employees in the UNU Centre and UNU-IAS                                                                  Employee at UNU Centre
and an increase in events at the UNU Centre
such as conferences, workshops, seminars,
public lectures that has assisted the reporting
of a more balance environmental review.

2.2                 Utilities

Figure 2 (below) provides a summary of the
annual consumption of electricity, gas and
water between 1998 and 2005. In general
utilities consumption, over the last biennium,
has increased for electricity consumption
(+6.1%) and significantly increased for gas                                                 Figure 5 (below) shows annual gas
consumption (+38.7%), but decreased for                                                     consumption per employee at UNU Centre
water consumption (-6.9%).                                                                  between 1998 and 2005.          Over the last
                                                                                            biennium there was an increase of almost 33%.
    Figure 2. Annual Utilities Consumption at UNU
                        Centre
                                                                                            In 2004 the total gas consumption per
                                                                                                                        3
                                                                                            employee was 1,531 m , which was a
                            Electricity                   Gas                 Water                                       3
        Year                                                                                significant increase of 377 m (or almost 33%)
                                  kwh                       m3                   m3         in comparison with 2003. In 2005 there was a
                                                                                                                      3
   1998                     1,944,600                  138,467                6,423         marginal increase of 2 m (or more than 0.1%)
                                                                                                                 3
   1999                     2,052,144                  126,062                8,546         to a total of 1,533 m .
   2000                     1,908,300                  124,634                6,128
                                                                                            Figure 5. Annual Gas Consumption per Employee
   2001                     1,944,072                  129,523                6,685
                                                                                                             at UNU Centre
   2002                     2,077,995                  106,911                6,564
   2003                     2,103,176                  131,582               10,223
   2004                     2,260,375                  183,766                9,032
   2005                     2,231,703                  182,472                9,520
  2004-05
                                  +6.1%                +38.7%                -6.9%
 biennium

Figure 3 (right) shows the utilities consumption
and expenditure per employee relative to 1998
levels when the UNU first undertook the
ISO14001 initiative.

 Figure 3. Index of Annual Utilities Consumption
           per Employee at UNU Centre                                                       Figure 6 (next page) shows the annual water
                                                                                            consumption per employee at UNU Centre
                                                                                            between 1998 and 2005.        Over the last
              120                                                                           biennium there was a decrease of almost 11%.
                                                                                            In 2004 the total water consumption per
              100                                                                                                3
                                                                              Electricity   employee was 75 m , a significant decrease of
      Index




                                                                              Gas                 3
              80
                                                                              Water
                                                                                            14 m (or above 16%) in comparison with 2003.
                                                                                                                                3
              60
                                                                              ´             In 2005 there was an increase of 5 m (or 6%)
                                                                                                              3
                                                                                            to a total of 80 m .
              40
                    19     19     20     20     20      20     20     20
                      98     99     00     01     02      03     04     05                      Figure 6. Annual Water Consumption per
                                                                                                        Employee at UNU Centre
In terms of consumption per employee at the
UNU Centre there was a significant increase in
gas consumption (used for the heating and
                                                                                                                                     Page 3
                                                       Figure 9. Index of Annual Waste Disposal per
                                                                  Employee at UNU Centre

                                                                200


                                                                150
                                                                                                                       Recyclable
                                                                                                                       Combustible




                                                        Index
                                                                100
                                                                                                                       Non-Combustible
                                                                                                                       Expenditure
                                                                 50


                                                                  0
                                                                      19     20     20     20     20     20     20
                                                                        99     00     01     02     03     04     05

Figure 7 (below) shows the annual utilities
expenditure per employee at UNU Centre
between 1998 and 2005.         Over the last         Figure 10 (below) shows the annual
biennium there was an increase of almost 6%.         combustible waste disposal per employee at
In 2004 the total utilities expenditure per          the UNU Centre between 1999 and 2005. Over
employee was ¥476,438, which was a                   the last biennium there was an increase of
significant increase of ¥53,242 (or more than        almost 13.8%. In 2004 the total combustible
12%) in comparison to 2003. In 2005 the total        waste disposal per employee was 41.7 kg,
decreased ¥27,703 (or less than 6%) to a total       which was a significant increase of 5.7 kg (or
of ¥448,645.                                         almost 33%) in comparison with 2003. In 2005
                                                     there was a marginal decrease of 0.7 kg (or
      Figure 7. Annual Utilities Expenditure per                                  3
                                                     nearly 2%) to a total of 41 m .
              Employee at UNU Centre
                                                      Figure 10. Annual Combustible Waste Disposal
                                                               per Employee at UNU Centre




2.3          Waste Disposal

Figure 8 (below) provides a summary of the
annual waste disposal consumption of                 Figure 11 (next page) shows the annual non-
combustible, non-combustible and recyclable          combustible waste disposal per employee at
waste. In general waste disposal, over the last      UNU Centre between 1999 and 2005. Over the
biennium, has significantly increased for            last biennium there was an increase of almost
combustible waste (+17.9%) and non-                  17.2%. In 2004 the total non-combustible waste
                                                                                             3
combustible waste (+12.2%), but decreased            disposal per employee was 0.264 m , which
                                                                                           3
for recyclables waste (-20.0%).                      was a significant increase of 0.037 m (or over
                                                     16%) in comparison with 2003. In 2005 there
                                                                                         3
  Figure 8. Annual Waste Disposal UNU Centre         was a marginal increase of 0.002 m (or nearly
                                                                           3
                Combust.    Non-Com.     Recyclab.   2%) to a total of 41 m .
      Year
                      kg          m3            kg
                                                        Figure 11. Annual Non-Combustible Waste
   1999            6,979         34.4       1,970           Disposal per Employee at UNU-HQ
   2000            8,450         58.5       2,700
   2001            9,576         61.5       1,480
   2002            9,524         65.3       2,221
   2003            9,068         57.1         962
   2004           10,840         68.6         378
   2005           10,690         69.3         770
  2004-05
                  +17.9%      +12.2%        -20.0%
 biennium

Figure 9 (right) shows the index of annual
waste disposal per employee relative to 1999
levels when UNU began the ISO14001                   Figure 12 (below) shows the annual recyclable
initiative. Over the last biennium, however there    waste disposal per employee at UNU Centre
has been an increase in combustible and non-         between 1999 and 2005. Over the last
combustible waste, and a decrease in                 biennium there was a decrease of almost 1%.
recyclable waste, and a marginal decrease in         In 2004 the total recyclable waste disposal per
                                                                           3
waste expenditure for the same period.               employee was 1.5 m , which was a significant

                                                                                                                            Page 4
                        3
decrease of 2.4 m (or nearly 62%) in
comparison with 2003. In 2005 there was an                             30
                 3
increase of 1.5 m (or nearly 2%) to a total of                         25
       3
2.95 m .




                                                        No. Projects
                                                                       20

                                                                       15
Figure 12. Annual Recyclable Waste Disposal per
             Employee at UNU-HQ                                        10

                                                                        5

                                                                        0
                                                                             2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005




                                                  In the 2004-05 biennium, there was a
                                                  significant   effort     for   dissemination    of
                                                  environment and sustainable development
                                                  research by various means including:
                                                           15 publications;
                                                           67 articles in peer-reviewed journals;
                                                           40 articles in editorials, magazines
Figure 13 (below) shows the annual waste                    and newspapers;
disposal expenditure per employee at UNU                   18 policy briefs;
Centre between 1999 and 2005. Over the last                70 working papers/discussion papers;
biennium there was a decrease of almost 3.4%.              84 entries in conference proceedings;
In 2004 the total recyclable waste disposal per             and
                      3
employee was 1.5 m , which was a significant
                        3
                                                           3 CD-ROMs.
decrease of 2.4 m (or nearly 62%) in
comparison with 2003. In 2005 there was an        There were also numerous efforts at UNU
                   3
increase of 1.5 m (or nearly 2%) to a total of    Centre (ESD) and UNU-IAS towards capacity
       3
2.95 m .                                          building, including:
                                                           17 training courses;
 Figure 13. Annual Waste Disposal Expenditure
          per Employee at UNU Centre
                                                           56     meetings,     workshops and
                                                            conferences; and
                                                           21 fellowships and 10 interns.

                                                  UNU Online Learning also produced an e-
                                                  course module on Strategic Environmental
                                                  Assessment and an e-case study on the
                                                  Ayuquila River watershed, Mexico, providing
                                                  two key online open educational resources to
                                                  be used by key institutional partners for
                                                  education in environmental and sustainable
                                                  development programmes.        UNU Online
                                                  Learning also played a key role in the
                                                  commencement of the UNU-GVU Global
2.4        Environment related Research and       Environment     and   Development    Studies
           Capacity Building                      Masters level programme in August 2004.

The UNU undertakes research on pressing           Further information regarding UNU Centre and
global environmental problems under the UNU       UNU-IAS research and capacity building efforts
Centre     Environment     and   Sustainable      relating to environment and sustainable
Development Programme (ESD). Furthermore,         development are available in the Annual
UNU-IAS implements a multi-thematic research      Report.
programme exploring practical approaches to
the attainment of ecologically sustainable        2.5                       Outreach to the Local Community
development.
                                                  The Global Environment Information Centre
In 2005, a total of twenty environment-related    (GEIC) — a joint initiative of UNU and
projects were undertaken, with the UNU Centre     Japanese Ministry of the Environment — looks
and UNU-IAS sharing 13 and 7 of these             at the issue of bringing up-to-date and accurate
projects respectively. Although the number of     information related to environment to a wide
projects declined over the last biennium this     range of stakeholders, especially non-
partly reflects the efforts made, in line with    governmental and non-profit organizations
UNU Council recommendations, to re-focus the      (NGOs and NPOs). Work in 2004 and 2005
research activities of the UNU.                   continued with capacity development activities,
                                                  strengthening      of   environmental    support
      Figure 14. Number of Environment-related
                                                  centres, NGO support and information
                  Research Projects
                                                  dissemination.


                                                                                                                Page 5
The UNU Centre also serves as a facility for
public events with conference facilities
including the 360 seat U Thant International
Conference Hall and the 110 seat Elizabeth
Rose Conference Hall. A number of these
events relating to environment and sustainable
development related issues. The number of
major events held at these facilities have
increased over the last biennium (see figure .
In 2004 and 2005 there were 194 and 174
major events hosted at the UNU Centre
respectively. This was a significant increase on
previous years especially 2003 which had only
132 events. The total number of participants
attending these events also increased in the
last biennium.

                Figure 13. Number of events and total
                     participants at UNU Centre

                250                                             33



                200
                                                                30
                                                                     Total Participants (k)
   No. Events




                150

                                                                27

                100


                                                                24
                50



                 0                                              21
                       2003        2004                  2005

                              Events      Participants




                                                                                              Page 6
3        Environmental Protection Goals

The UNU has actively strengthening its environmental management programme by setting targets and
objectives to be met by the end of each biennium in the environmental management system‘s
Environment Programme (Implementation Plan). We have made steady progress towards to
achievement of some of these environmental goals over the 2004/05 biennium. Figure 2 provides a
summary of our performance against the targets and objectives and identifies where we require further
improvement.

                 Figure 15 Assessment Summary of Targets and Objectives for 2004/05 biennium
 Objective              Target                            Status     Comments


 (1) Greening Our Work Practices
 (1.1) Maintain and     (1.1.1) Review ―Identification    In         Legal requirements are currently being
 Improve on Legal       of Legal and Other                progress   reviewed by UNOPS on behalf of Unit 4: UNU
 Compliance             Requirements‖ the current                    Administration, as part of the request for
                        state of compliance by end of                proposals for building management contract
                        2005                                         at UNU Centre
 (1.2) Better Waste     (1.2.1) Reduce all waste          Need to    An increase in combustible and non-
 Management and         generated by 5% of 2003           improve    combustible waste, but there was a decrease
 Recycling              levels                                       in recyclable waste.
                        (1.2.2) Develop a Waste           Need to    Waste policy currently implemented on ad-
                        Management and Recycling          improve    hoc basis and needs be formalized in the
                        Policy, based on data analysis               2006-7 biennium.
                        and stakeholder consultation
                        (1.2.3) Revise and improve        Need to    Some guidance provided via email and use of
                        waste and recycling               improve    wall stickers. Further guidance needs to be
                        explanatory materials and                    developed.
                        disposal facilities and develop
                        waste and recycling guidelines
                        (1.2.4) Investigate               In         Management of old IT equipment undertaken
                        opportunities and develop         progress   by C3 within Unit 3: UNU Services. Options
                        Options study to improve                     study still needs to be undertaken.
                        industrial waste disposal (in
                        particular of electronic and
                        computer waste)
                        (1.2.5) Investigate               In         In Unit 3: UNU Services, Campus Computing
                        opportunities for ‗paperless      progress   Services made major improvements to the
                        office‘ improvements                         intranet with all administrative and services
                                                                     documentation made accessible for all staff
                                                                     and UNU Press has also made significant
                                                                     improvements in improving the use of
                                                                     electronic manuscripts for publications
                                                                     development and electronic media for
                                                                     publications. Wider paperless office
                                                                     developments need to be further investigated
                                                                     for other Units in the 2006-7 biennium.
 (1.3) Manage           (1.3.1) Reduce energy             Need to    Slight increase in electricity consumption per
 energy wisely          consumption by 5% of 2003         improve    employee and significant increase in gas
                        levels                                       consumption per employee.
                        (1.3.2) Develop an Energy         Need to    Energy policy currently implemented on ad-
                        Management Policy based on        improve    hoc basis and needs be formalized in the
                        data analysis and stakeholder                2006-7 biennium.
                        consultation
                        (1.3.3) Develop energy            In         Some guidance provided via email and use of
                        management explanatory            progress   wall stickers. Further guidance needs to be
                        materials and guidelines by                  developed in the 2006-7 biennium.
                        2003
                        (1.3.4) Investigate               Need to    UV protective and blast proof film installed on
                        opportunities for alternative     improve    external glass. Further opportunities for
                        energy sourcing (ie. solar                   alternative energy sourcing in the 2006-7
                        power micro-panels for                       biennium.
                        powering lighting systems)




                                                                                                             Page 7
Objective            Target                            Status     Comments


(1.4) Purchase       (1.4.1) Review Green              Need to    The Office of Communications, Unit 3:
environmentally      Procurement Manual                improve    Services, were active in their consultation of
responsible                                                       the Green Procurement manual for the
products                                                          sourcing of paper for name cards. Further
                                                                  review of the Green procurement manual
                                                                  needs to be developed in the 2006-7
                                                                  biennium.
                     (1.4.2) Investigate               Need to    Consultation with UNU Press and some
                     opportunities study for           improve    research undertaken, but study is not
                     sustainable material/                        complete
                     contractor sourcing for UNU
                     Press
                     (1.4.3) Investigate the           Need to    Options study still needs to be undertaken in
                     relationship between              improve    the 2006-7 biennium.
                     procurement practices and
                     utilities consumption and
                     number of staff
(1.5) Better         (1.5.1) Review emergency          In         Emergency preparedness Procedures
Emergency            preparedness procedures           Progress   consistently reviewed by UNU Admin. Drill
Preparedness         relevant to ISO14001                         undertaken in 2004 and 2005. UNU-IAS
                                                                  review needs to be considered in
(1.6) Better water   (1.6.1) Reduce water              Achieved   A reduction of 7% in water consumption
conservation and     consumption by 5% of 2003                    achieved.
wastewater           levels
management
                     (1.6.2) Develop a Water           Need to    Drinking water monitoring is on-going,
                     Management Policy based on        improve    however the water management policy needs
                     data analysis and stakeholder                to be undertaken in the 2006-7 biennium.
                     consultation by end of 2003
                     (1.6.3) Develop water             Need to    Some guidance provided via email and use of
                     management explanatory            improve    wall stickers. Further guidance needs to be
                     materials and guidelines by                  developed in the 2006-7 biennium.
                     2003
                     (1.6.4) Investigate wastewater    Need to    Sanko has data on wastewater and storm
                     discharges from the UNU,          improve    water discharges, but formal data review
                     including sewage and storm                   needs to be undertaken as part of the review
                     water discharges                             of legislative requirements in 2006-07.


(2) Greening Our Work Place
(2.1) Improve the    (2.1.1) Review the internal       In         Unit 4: UNU Admin has made efforts in
Internal Working     working environment               Progress   approaching UNOPS for the review of
Environment          conditions and make                          building management and maintenance and
                     proposals for improvement.                   quality checks undertaken by Sanko. Further
                                                                  considerations of environmental working
                                                                  conditions need to be undertaken2006-07.
                     (2.1.2) Review air conditioning   In         As 2.1.1
                     and ventilation system            progress
                     performance.
                     (2.1.3) Review drinking water     In         As 2.1.1
                     quality                           progress
                     (2.1.4) Review lighting           In         As 2.1.1
                     systems and investigate           progress
                     options
                     (2.1.5) Investigate               Need to    Health and Safety guidelines are being
                     opportunities for Health and      improve    developed within Administration.
                     Safety guidelines (including
                     long term health impacts of
                     office duties)


(3) Contribute to the Global Community




                                                                                                          Page 8
    Objective              Target                               Status     Comments


    (3.1) Contribute to    (3.1.1) Continue environment         In         Ongoing support for environmental related
    the Global             related research, training, and      Progress   project research.
    Knowledge Pool on      networking through relevant
    Environment            research projects.1
    Related Matters

                            (3.1.2) Continue                   In         Ongoing support for increased environmental
                           environment related capacity         Progress   related capacity building programmes
                           building including Advanced
                           Training, Fellowships and
                           other initiatives.2
                           (3.1.3) Continue disseminating       In         Ongoing support for in dissemination of
                           the results of research              Progress   environmental related research, through
                           activities through working                      Office of Communications, Media studio and
                           papers, articles, books,                        UNU Press.
                           conferences, workshop
                           panels, presentations, guest
                           lectures, CD-ROM and the
                           Internet.

    (4) Contribute to the Local Community
    (4.1) Outreach to      (4.1.1) Support and enhance          In         Ongoing support for local environmental
    the local community    partnerships among local             Progress   related capacity building opportunities within
                           social sectors by collecting                    GEIC, Office of Communications, UNU Press,
                           and disseminating information                   ZEF and Media Studio
                           on activities of various
                           organization, establishing
                           networks, organizing seminars
                           and symposiums, and
                           supporting NGO projects and
                           activities.
                           (4.1.2) Continue to provide          In         Ongoing support for environmental related
                           information on environmental         Progress   information distribution within GEIC, UNU
                           issues to the local community                   Press, ZEF and Media Studio
                           through books, videos,
                           newsletter, exhibitions,
                           seminars, workshops, CD-
                           ROMs, library resources and
                           internet
                           (4.1.3) Continue to host the         In         Ongoing support for programme of
                           local environmental activities       Progress   conferences, workshops and brown bag
                                                                           seminars at the UNU Centre and UNU-IAS

1
    The environmental-related research, training and networking is undertaken via the following research projects:


a)          Implementation of environment research at UNU-IAS
            1.         Biodiplomacy Initiative;
            2.         ABS (Access & Benefit Sharing);
            3.         Biosafety:
                                   Traditional Knowledge;
                                   Antarctica and Deep-Sea Bed;
                                   Agriculture for Peace and Bioethics and Genetic Testing (BIODIP); and
            2.         Science and Technology options for Developing Countries;
            3.         Sustainable Development Governance;
            4.         Urban Ecosystems; and
            5.         Education for Sustainable Development.


b)          Implementation of environment research at UNU Centre
            1.         Sustainable Urbanization:
                                   Multi-hazard Risk Assessment;
                                   Zero Emissions Forum; and
                                   Innovative Communities;




                                                                                                                 Page 9
             2.        Management of Fragile Ecosystems:
                                 Sustainable Land Management in Drylands;
                                 Mountains and Forests; and
                                 Managing Agrodiversity;
             3.        Solutions to Water Crises:
                                 Environment Monitoring and Governance in Coastal Hydrosphere;
                                 Management of Shared Water in International Waters; and
                                 Management of Basin Water Cycle;
             4.        Environmental Governance and Information:
                                 Inter-linkages Initiative;
                                 GLEAM Forum; and
                                 Information Society and Environmental Issues; and
             5.        Global Environment Information Centre-GEIC.

2
    The environment-related capacity building is undertaken via the following activities:
            Ph.D. and Post-doctorate Fellowship Programme;
            Advanced training courses;
            UNU International Course;
            Global Seminars, lectures and workshops on environment;
            Media Studio: Global Virtual University (GVU), Asia Pacific Initiative (API) and FASID course; and
            Ubuntu Declaration – a global multi-institutional agreement to integrate education, science, technology for
             ESD.




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