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COMPETITION FORMAT AND RULES

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					YORIS                                                                                        Proposal Output No. Y_N02




                                COMPETITION FORMAT AND RULES
                                                    CANOEING


                                                  As of 19 MAY 2010


Youth Olympic Games Competition Format
The Canoeing Competition at the Singapore Youth Olympic Games consists of 6 events as follows:

        Men                                                   Women
        K1 Head to Head Canoe Sprint                          K1 Head to Head Canoe Sprint
        C1 Head to Head Canoe Sprint
        K1 Obstacle Canoe Slalom                              K1 Obstacle Canoe Slalom
        C1 Obstacle Canoe Slalom

Differences between the ICF Junior World Championships and the Youth Olympic Games
The competition format of Canoeing for the YOG is completely different from the ICF Junior World Championships.
Canoe Sprint and Slalom at the YOG is a new competition format over a radically different course. In the Canoe Sprint
events the athletes paddle on a circuit, and compete head to head against each other. For Canoe Slalom the athletes
compete on a calm water surface and not on a natural river or artificial slalom course. However, they still need to
demonstrate the skills of a Slalom paddler by manoeuvring around gates and also beating the other person on the
course.

Sport Rules and Procedures
The Head to Head Canoe Sprint is an individual event held on a course of approximately 320m. The course consists
of 2 x 60m straights and two turns.
The Obstacle Canoe Slalom is an individual event on two identical courses of approximately 180m in length. The
straight length of the courses is approximately 60m with four or five pairs of buoys on each course.

General
Two athletes compete against each other at the same time head to head. The fastest athlete from each pair advances
to the next round. The losers of the first round will have a second chance to qualify through the repechage. The
fastest 4 athletes from the repechage will advance to the next round in K1 men and K1 women), and the winners of
each pair when 16 athletes are competing (C1).

The athletes are paired for competition based on the results of the Practice Time Trial that is held for each class
before the competition. The best athlete in the ranking from the Practice Time Trial is paired up with the athlete with
the slowest time; the second best time is paired with the second slowest and so on. Example: Ranking 20 athletes:
 1st /20th; 2nd/19th; 3rd /18th; 4th /17th; 5th /16th; 6th /15th; 7th / 14th; 8th / 13th; 9th/ 12th; 10th/11th.
If the number of participants is an odd number the best ranked athlete will progress to the next round without
competing (Bye). If an athlete fails to start the opposing athlete will progress to the next round without competing.

Head to Head Canoe Sprint

The two athletes start at the same time on opposite sides of the course. Paddling direction is anti-clockwise and the
race distance is one full lap of the course.
The athlete who reaches the finish line first is the winner and progresses to the next round. The losers in the 1st round
will participate in the repechage to have one more chance to stay in the competition. In subsequent rounds the losers
will be eliminated.

The competition continues until the last pair will compete for the Gold Medal.
 The start:
 The athletes start at the same time on opposite sides of the course.
 The finish:
 The finish line is the same as the start line for each athlete. Athletes finish the race when the bow of the boat
 crosses the finish line.
IOC - ICF - YORIS: Canoeing                          Y_N02_Page 1 of 6                                  Release: 1 Version:2.0
Section 1 - Outputs                                                                                        Date: 28 May 2009
YORIS                                                                                            Proposal Output No. Y_N02



Obstacle Canoe Slalom

Two athletes start at the same time on two separate adjacent courses. Paddling direction will be forward around the
buoys, around the last pair of buoys and then the athletes will return around the buoys and cross the finish line. The
race will be one full lap of the course.

The athlete who reaches the finish line first is the winner and progresses to the next round.

The competition continues until the last pair will compete for the Gold Medal.

 The start: The two athletes will commence from the starting line off a sliding platform. Athletes on “Course 1” will
 turn to the left and turn around the 1st green buoys from the left to the right hand side. The athletes on “Course 2”
 will turn to the right and negotiate the 1st red buoys from the right to the left hand side.

 The buoys: two courses will be built parallel with an identical layout at the end of the Rowing course. Four or Five
 pairs of buoys will be placed on the 60m long course. The athletes paddle from the start negotiating the buoys in the
 required direction. They then turn back at the last pair of buoys and return to the finish line in the same manner. The
 red buoys must be negotiated from right to left whilst the green buoys must be negotiated from left to right. Buoys
 marked by yellow flags must be turned around fully (360 degrees).

 The Finish: The finish line is the same as the start line for each athlete. Athletes finish the race when the bow of the
 boat crosses the finish line.

Quotas

    The total number of athletes is 64.

          Quota                ICF Quota Places     NOC Universality         Host Country              Total
                                                        Places                 Places
          Men K1                     15                    8                       1                    24
          Men C1                     12                    3                       1                    16
          Women K1                   18                    5                       1                    24
          TOTAL                      45                   16                       3                    64




Competition Format (identical for Canoe Sprint and Obstacle Canoe Slalom)

   Number            1st      2nd Round     3rd          4th         5th                 6th                       7th
   of Boats       Round       Repechage   Round        Round       Round               Round                     Round
      16          8 Pairs       4 Pairs   6 Pairs      3 Pairs     2 Pairs     1 Pair - Bronze Medal      1 Pair Final for Gold
      24          12 Pairs      6 Pairs   6 Pairs      3 Pairs     2 Pairs     1 Pair - Bronze Medal      1 Pair Final for Gold

The Sprint and Slalom Races will be conducted for K1 Men, C1 Men and K1 Women.
Regarding the athlete quota places: 24 K1 Women; 24 K1 Men and 16 C1 Men will enter all the competitions.
The same Competition format will be used for Sprint and Slalom.

Knock-out Competition Format for 24 athletes

For 24 athletes eight rounds of competition are required. The total racing time with intervals is 6:31 hours if the pairs
start every two minutes (after the test event this interval may be increased to 2.5 minutes). The plan is to divide the
eight rounds into two sessions. The 1st to 4th will be held in one block and the 5th to 8th to be held in the 2nd block.

1st Round: 12 pairs (24 athletes); the winners of each pair advance to the 3rd round. The losers will go into the
repechage (2nd round with 12 athletes).
Total time: 24 minutes



IOC - ICF - YORIS: Canoeing                            Y_N02_Page 2 of 6                                       Release: 1 Version:2.0
Section 1 - Outputs                                                                                               Date: 28 May 2009
YORIS                                                                                        Proposal Output No. Y_N02


2nd Round: (Repechage) 6 pairs (12 athletes): The losers from the first round (12 athletes) will compete against each
other (pairs drawn by lots). The fastest 4 athletes to complete the course will go through to the next round. The others
are eliminated from the competition (8 athletes).
Total times 12 minutes

3rd round 8 pairs (16 athletes): The winners of the 1st round (12 athletes) and the 4 fastest athletes from the
repechage will participate in this round. The pairs will be decided from the times of the 1st and 2nd round. The athlete
with the fastest time will be paired with the slowest athlete (then the second fastest winner will be paired with the
second slowest and so on). The winners of each pair will advance to the next round (8 athletes). The losers are
eliminated from the competition (8 athletes).

4th round: 4 pairs (8 athletes): The winners of each pair in the 3rd round will participate in this round. The fastest
winner will be paired with the slowest winner from round 3 (then the second fastest winner will be paired with the
second slowest winner and so on). The winners of each pair will advance to the next round (4 athletes). The losers
are eliminated from the competition (4 athletes).

5th Round: 2 pairs (4 athletes): The winners of each pair in the 4th round will participate in this round. The fastest
winner will be paired with the slowest athlete in the 4th round and so on. The winners (2 athletes) will advance to the
7th and Final Round whilst the losers (2 athletes) compete in the 6th Round for the Bronze Medal.

6th Round - BRONZE MEDAL: 1 pair (2 athletes): The losers of the 5th round (2 athletes) will participate in this round;
compete for the Bronze Medals. The winner will be the Bronze Medalist whilst the loser is the 4th.

7th Round - SILVER AND GOLD MEDALS: 1 pair (2 athletes): The winners of the 5th round will participate in this
round to compete for the Gold and Silver Medals. The winner will be the Gold Medalist whilst the loser is the Silver
Medalist.

All the 24 athletes will be ranked according to the number of Rounds they completed and their times.


Knock-out Competition Format for 16 athletes

Total 7 Rounds in two blocks.

1st round: 8 pairs (16 athletes); the winners of each pair advance to the 3rd Round (8 athletes). The losers will
participate in the repechage (2nd Round with 8 athletes).

2nd round: (Repechage) 4 pairs (8 athletes): The losers from the first round will compete in this round (8 athletes).
Pairings are drawn by lots. The winners of each pair will go through to the 3rd round. The losers are eliminated from
the competition (4 athletes).

3rd round 6 pairs (12 athletes): The winners of the 1st round (8 athletes) and the winners from the repechage (4
athletes) will participate in this round. The pairs will be decided by times of the 1st and 2nd round. The athlete with the
fastest time will be paired with the slowest athlete (then the second fastest winner will be paired with the second
slowest and so on). The winners of each pair will advance to the next round (6 athletes). The losers are eliminated
from the competition (6 athletes).

4th round: 3 pairs (6 athletes): The winners of the 3rd round will participate in this round. The fastest winner will be
paired with the slowest winner from round 3 (then the second fastest winner will be paired with the second slowest
winner and so on). The winners of each pair and the fastest loser will advance to the next round (4 athletes). The
other two losers are eliminated from the competition.

5th Round: 2 pairs (4 athletes): The winners of each pair and the fastest loser in the 4th round will participate in this
round. The fastest winner will be paired with the slowest athlete in the 4th round and so on. The winners (2 athletes)
will advance to the 7th Round to compete for the Gold and Silver medals whilst the losers (2 athletes) go through to
the 6th Round to compete for the Bronze Medal.

6th Round - BRONZE MEDAL: 1 pair (2 athletes): The losers of the 5th round will participate in this round for the
Bronze Medal. The winner will be the Bronze Medalist whilst the loser finishes 4th.


IOC - ICF - YORIS: Canoeing                           Y_N02_Page 3 of 6                                  Release: 1 Version:2.0
Section 1 - Outputs                                                                                         Date: 28 May 2009
YORIS                                                                                      Proposal Output No. Y_N02


7th Round - GOLD AND SILVER MEDALS: 1 pair (2 athletes): The winners of the 5th round will participate in this
round competing for the Gold and Silver Medals. The winner will be the Gold Medalist whilst the loser is the Silver
Medalist.

All the 16 athletes will be ranked according to the number of Rounds they completed and their times.

Difference between Canoe and Kayak

-   Kayaks are propelled by an athlete sitting in the boat using a double-bladed paddle.
-   Canoes are propelled by an athlete in a kneeling position in the boat with a single-bladed paddle. In Canoe
    Slalom the athlete kneels on both knees but only on one knee in Canoe Sprint.
-   Kayaks are covered by a deck with a cockpit in which the athlete sits.
-   Sprint Canoes may be entirely open or be partly covered with a front and aft deck. The Slalom Canoes are very
    similar to the Slalom Kayaks but are 5 cm wider and 1 kg heavier.
-   Sprint Kayaks have a foot operated rudder system controlled by the athlete in the cockpit. The rudder is placed
    under the hull of the boat. Slalom Kayaks have no rudder system directional control is made by the paddles and
    by tilting of the boat.
-   Canoes have no rudder. The boat shall be steered by the athletes paddle. Considerable practice is required to
    master this technique and hence Canoes are considered the most technical and most complicated to master.

Athlete Substitute

Not allowed.

Tie-Break Rules and Procedures

If a dead heat occurs between two athletes the competitor with the better result in the previous round of competition is
declared the winner. If a dead heat between athletes occurs in a final and the tied placing is for a medal position,
additional medals will be awarded. In the case of the gold medal, two gold medals will be awarded and no silver
medal will be awarded. In the case that the dead heat occurs for the silver medal then 2 silver medals will be awarded
but no bronze medal awarded. Should the dead heat occur for the bronze medal, two bronze medal will be awarded
and no 4th place recognised in the results.

Re-race

Irregularities on the course may result in a Re-race. Athletes may be requested to re-run either an interrupted or a
completed race following a decision of the Competition Committee. Any Re-race decision cannot be appealed.

Penalties / Disqualification Rules

The Competition Committee may impose the following penalties on competitors: warning, disqualification or exclusion.

Protests / Appeals

An athlete may protest against Competition Rule irregularities or decisions of the Competition Committee or the
starter within twenty minutes of the finish of a race. In case of subsequent disagreement with the decision of the
Competition Committee the athlete may appeal to the Jury within twenty minutes of the Competition Committee
decision. The protest or appeal shall be accompanied with a fee of 25 Euros.




Note:
For more information please contact the ICF or consult the ICF website: www.canoeicf.com




IOC - ICF - YORIS: Canoeing                                   Y_N02_Page 4 of 6                        Release: 1 Version:2.0
Section 1 - Outputs                                                                                       Date: 28 May 2009

				
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