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Attic insulation


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									Atachment B

              Weatherization Program


              Effective, January 1, 2009
Quality Assurance: Monitoring:

The Division has adopted the following three definitions to be used with the Weatherization
Minimum Performance Guidelines:

1. PASS: The measure meets the Minimum Performance Guidelines and the requirements of
   the Weatherization contract, Weatherization Manual and Field Guide. The work is of
   professional quality and meets the intent of the measure.

2. CONCERN: The measure generally meets the policies of the Weatherization Program but
   the quality of the installation is below professional standards and may indicate that other
   installations would not meet the Weatherization Manual requirements. Measures in this
   category may fail to meet the policies of the Weatherization contract and the Weatherization
   Manual. Measures in this category also may require additional units to be reviewed.
   (Measures in this category do not constitute a health or safety hazard.) Staff training may be
   required when measures fall into this category.

3. FAIL: The measure fails to meet the Minimum Performance Guidelines and therefore the
   energy conservation or health and safety intent of the measure. (Any completed measure that
   constitutes a health or safety hazard will fail.) Measures that fail may be symptomatic of
   major deficiencies in grantee operations. Reworks may be called for at the discretion of the
   QA Monitor for measures in this category. Re-inspections of units not reviewed may be
   required as well. At a minimum, an operator internal review of the final inspection and
   installation procedures should occur as soon as possible. The QA Section Chief may require
   evidence of staff supplemental training in the areas necessary. Measures that continue to fail
   to meet the Minimum Performance Guidelines will not be reimbursable under the
   Weatherization Assistance Program contract.

The purpose of these guidelines is to provide state inspectors or designee with guidance as they
inspect buildings weatherized under the Low Income Weatherization Program contract. It
should be noted that these are guidelines only and are not policy. Policies are in the
Weatherization Manual, Weatherization contract, Weatherization Field Guide, and state and
federal regulations. It is not the purpose of these guidelines to change the intent of federal and
state regulations or laws, the Weatherization Contract, the Weatherization Manual, or the
Weatherization Field Guide. The Division may modify these guidelines at any time without

                       QA Section Revision 1/1/2009
             Minimum Performance Inspection Guidelines 2008-2009
The following general specifications and Guidelines are applicable to all installations and
therefore are not listed under each measure. These include the following:

   All Weatherization Program Measures must meet the Weatherization Program requirements
   Manufacturers’ recommended installation instructions must be followed
   All work must be performed in a professional manner
   All health and safety measures must be completed prior to job completion
   All Materials used are cost effective (total cost) and are not excessive in nature
   All materials used must meet Weatherization Program requirements
   All materials and appliances must be installed prior to a final review
   All equipment must operate and meet manufactures’ specifications
   All materials must at a minimum meet DOA specifications for efficiency and warranties
   All products and services have at least a one-year warranty
   All job sites must be properly cleaned of any unused materials and debris
   All equipment and tools must be removed from the job site
   Program participants must receive adequate instructions to properly maintain the completed
    Weatherization Measures
   All units with health and safety costs exceeding $1000 must have a NEAT/MHEA audit
    performed and a cumulative SIR >1
   All units with repair costs exceeding $500 must have a NEAT/MHEA audit performed and a
    cumulative SIR >1
   All mobile homes must have a MHEA audit in each file with a cumulative SIR >1
   NEAT computerized audits must follow recommendations and must not misrepresent the unit
    or they will be listed as a FAIL.
   MHEA audit recommendations not followed or units that are misrepresented will be listed as

Weatherization staff safety
1. Provide a safe working environment

1. Staff not performing duties in a safe manner or required to work in an unsafe manner or
2. Staff not properly trained in the proper techniques to perform required work


Attic storage area insulation
1. The storage area is as small as possible and still meets the homeowners needs

1. Failure to move items in the storage area and/or items were not covered during insulation
2. The storage area is located in an area that poses a hazard to occupants
3. Storage area has an R-value of less than R-19

Damming and Boxing
1. Dam is the same height or higher than surrounding insulation
2. Dam is effective in performing it’s specified function
3. Chimney dam and chimney bypass/fireblock are constructed of noncombustible material

1. Damming around chimney is made of a combustible material.
2. Damming is less than 3” from an active chimney or per manufacturer’s specs.
3. Damming is ineffective at performing it’s specified function

Attic access
1. Allows repeated access to attic for insulating purposes and bypass sealing

1. Not present or does not meet minimum requirements
2. Boxing is not sufficiently strong enough to withstand repeated entry into the space
3. Not mechanically fastened
4. Not insulated to R-value of the attic or the maximum structurally allowable, whichever is
5. Not properly weather stripped

Attic bypass sealing
1. Bypasses are sealed
2. Bypasses are sealed with an appropriate material and amount of material

1. Untreated bypasses are identified by observation or utilizing a blower door
2. Evidence of moisture in the attic area is observable
3. Improper use of materials (e.g. excessive use of foam, tape to seal, caulk on a dirty surface,
    plywood to box a light, etc.)
4. Poor clean up
5. Chimney bypass/fireblock is of combustible material

Roof leaks
1. No visible evidence of roof leaking present

1. Visible evidence of leaks in the roof observed

Wiring in attic
1. All electrical boxes covered, sealed, and, if not accessible below attic and concealed by
   insulation, flagged
2. All live knob and tube wiring boxed out prior to insulation
3. Rewired with permit and inspected (if required)

1. There is no documentation of an inspection by a third party(if required)
2. Ends of knob and tube boxing not sealed
3. Boxes not accessible below attic and concealed by insulation are not flagged

Heat producing products (Lights, chimneys, flues, attic furnaces)
1. Boxing is a minimum of 3” from device
2. Active chimneys meet all chimney guidelines (e.g. no cracking, no creosote present,
   structurally sound, etc.)
1. Unused chimney (inactive chimney—below roofline or capped) was not marked as such

1. 3” clearance not maintained
2. Excessive use of material
3. Inappropriate material used (e.g. fiberglass in direct contact with an active chimney)

Exhaust fans & vent stacks
1. Metal plumbing vents in attic insulated
2. Exhaust fan ducts insulated and exhaust the specified area to the outdoors

1. Excessive ducting used
2. Improper air flow
3. Improper installation technique, including missing fasteners
4. Vents not terminated outdoors with appropriate termination hardware
5. Metal plumbing vent not insulated or PVC plumbing vent insulated
6. Exhaust fan duct not insulated

Attic Vapor retarders
1. Installed correctly

1. Barrier towards cold side
2. Barrier not slashed prior to insulating over it
3. Barrier not continuous

Attic Venting
1. Allows air to pass though vent without obstructions

1. Vent cut in rafter or wall stud
2. Vent leaks
3. Improper venting
4. Vents installed lower than the highest point of the insulating material
5. Vents installed on asbestos style roofing
6. Gable vents installed with ridge-soffit system, unless the soffit system has been sealed and
    the gable end vents are providing intake air for the ridge vent
7. Eave chutes not installed properly or excessive in number

Attic floor insulation, open blow
1. Installed to an R-50 or maximum allowable amount which ever is less
2. Insulation is installed to a uniform depth with a variance of less than 2”

1. No Insulation Certificate left on premises

1. Insulation not installed to a uniform depth and has variances of greater than 2”
2. Insulation does not completely fill the specified area
3. Insulation over live knob and tube wiring
4. Bare wiring or open junction boxes
5. No insulation added and existing level is at/or below R30
6. Insulation added when existing level was above R30.

Attic cavities (Site built)
1. All areas specified are insulated

1. No insulation fact sheet left on premises

1. Over 2 square feet in aggregate of uninsulated cavities
2. Variances over 2” in depth
3. Unsecured floor boards
4. Drilled holes remain unplugged
5. Not dense-packed

Kneewall attic walls
1. All cavities filled to maximum amount

1. No insulation fact sheet left on premises

1. Non-permeable air barrier on the cold side
2. Air barrier not mechanically fastened
3. Air barrier does not fully cover area


Sidewall insulation (Site built)
1. All cavities properly insulated to the maximum allowable amount

1. Any wall cavity in excess of 4 linear inches that is not insulated through omission or settling
    of material. NOTE: Pockets that could not be treated effectively due to structural
    restrictions must be identified in client file.
2. Siding or interior surface is damaged to an extent readily observable
3. Furnace return or supply ducts with observable insulation material in them
4. Loose siding
5. Siding fastened in an unconventional manner
6. Band joist not insulated
7. Drilling through siding that could have been removed
8. Sidewalls insulated in an unheated area

Sidewall insulation (Mobile home)
1. All required cavities properly insulated to the maximum allowable amount

1. Improper installation of insulation
2. Cellulose insulation used

Wiring sidewall
1. All hazards are addressed prior to insulating

1. Hazardous condition exists
2. Insulating over or around live knob and tube wiring
3. Failure to box junction boxes
4. Junction box concealed inside wall

Floors over unheated areas (Site built including cantilevers)
1. Insulated to the maximum structurally allowable
2. Permeable barriers may be used on the cold side of the insulation

1. Sagging of insulation
2. Cavities not filled to the correct R-value
3. Vapor retarder on the cold side
4. Moisture in the area not addressed
5. Dirt floor not covered with a continuous vapor retarder

Floor insulation (Mobile home)
1. All cavities properly insulated to the proper density

1. Improper installation of materials
2. Cellulose insulation used

Sill box insulation
1. Cavity is sealed and filled to the maximum extent allowable or R-19 which ever is less

1. A cavity not sealed
2. Fiberglass exposed through improper sealing (not stapled)
3. Accessible cavities missed or not properly insulated
4. Foam not installed to manufacturer’s specifications
5. Excessive amounts of foam used or voids missed
6. 2-part foam applied on the warm side of fiberglass

Exterior foundation insulation
1. A minimum R5 insulation installed
2. NEAT documentation in the file

1. Exposed insulation does not have a protective coating
2. Insulation not mechanically fastened
3. Edges not sealed
4. Depth of insulation below grade less than 6” or greater than 14”
5. Insulation not back-filled
6. No NEAT Audit SIR present; slab-on-grade or inaccessible heated crawl spaces not modeled

Interior foundation insulation
1. A minimum R12 with 2-part foam or R-19 fiberglass in unintentionally conditioned areas.
   Other products including R11 fiberglass, R19 2-part foam or rigid insulation may be used if
   tested with NEAT with a 1.0 SIR.

1. Vapor retarder does not cover a dirt floor or is not continuous
2. Fiberglass more than 2 ft or less than 6” onto the floor
3. Seams not sealed
4. Material not mechanically fastened
5. Sill box insulation and foundation insulation not continuous
6. Insulation falls outside of R-value requirements
7. Basement treated as a crawlspace
8. No NEAT Audit SIR present or not modeled


Heating system replacement
1. Heating system properly sized and adequately heats the house
2. Heating system has proper spacing of intake and exhaust system

1. Specialty filters for increased air quality was not charged as a health and safety measure.
   Pleated filters should be a pass with concern for the added cost.
2. Furnace is missing a furnace label which includes installers name, date, and warranty info

1. System directly on floor or inappropriate material used to raise off of floor
2. System too large or small based on Weatherization Program heating system sizing rule
3. Air flow sufficient to heat or cool the room is not achieved at the register
4. Air flow through the True Flow meter is less than flow rate listed in table based on rated
    input size of furnace.
            <60,000 Btu              500 cfm
            60,000<80,000 Btu        700 cfm
            80,000<100,000 Btu       900 cfm
            >100,000 Btu            1200 cfm
5. Heating System Check List not complete, missing from file, or indicates item(s) not meeting
    Weatherization Program requirements

6. If no permanent cleanable filter installed, 1 disposable filter wasn’t left onsite with
    instructions on how to replace it. If a permanent cleanable filter was installed, it must be
7. Gas furnace not a sealed combustion system
8. Unit tested SSE is more than 2% lower than rated AFUE of unit
9. Drain tube not routed to an appropriate drain and secured
10. Drain tube left in a hazardous location
11. Filter cover missing or inappropriate
12. Warranty and/or manual booklet not posted on cabinet
13. System not on a dedicated electrical circuit with safety shutoff
14. Required emission standards (EPA or NFPA 211) not met (woodstoves)
15. Furnaces treated when servicing a commercial property
16. Fuel leaks not addressed
17. Oil system has smoke over 2
18. Existing system less than 5-year lifetime and SSE ≤ 75% for NGAS & OIL or 80% for LP
19. Replacement unit not ENERGY STAR qualified, if required
20. Replacement unit in mobile home not approved for use in manufactured housing
21. Improper intake and exhaust clearances from windows and doors
22. CO > 100ppm as measured
23. No NEAT Audit SIR present or not modeled when required(fuel switching)

Furnace Clean & Tunes
   1. Air handler clean
   2. Air flow meets or exceeds specifications
   3. CO for gas or smoke number for oil furnace levels meet or are below specifications
   4. Checklist has been completed
   5. Two new filters supplied, one in furnace and one spare
   6. The filter slot is sealed (a cover was added if none was present)
   7. All gas leaks repaired
   8. (Oil) The correct nozzle was installed
   9. (Oil) The oil filter was replaced (or a receptacle and filter was added if none was present)

    1. CO exceeds 100 PPM for gas furnace or smoke exceeds number 2 for non-flame
        retention burner or 1 for a flame retention burner
    2. Air handler has excessive dirt
    3. Air handler flow is less than required
    4. No set-up sheet in the file
    5. No filter cover is present
    6. SSE test is more than 2 percent below rated AFUE
    7. Gas leaks detected
    8. A hazardous heating system condition was not addressed
    9. (Oil) An incorrect nozzle was installed
    10. (Oil) The oil filter was not replaced or an oil filter is not installed

Single/Multi-Family boilers
1. Heating system properly sized and adequately heats the house
2. Heating system has proper spacing of intake and exhaust terminations

1. Warranty booklet not posted on cabinet
2. Installer information not present or legible

1. Zone valves not addressed
2. Leaks not treated
3. Uneven heating
4. Missing boiler controls like an outdoor reset, firing sequence, etc where required
5. Missing auto fill valve
6. Expansion tank not present or functioning as required
7. Expansion tank waterlogged
8. Boiler or distribution improperly installed or adjusted
9. Radiators and lines not bled, resulting in air in system
10. System incorrectly sized
11. Unit SSE tests more than 2% below AFUE rated efficiency
12. System has less than a 5-year lifetime and SSE ≤ 75% for NGAS & OIL or 80% for LP
13. CO >100 PPM (or above PMI) as measured
14. No NEAT Audit SIR documentation if an efficiency replacement

1. Programmable thermostat meets household needs

1. Household does not understand or use programmable features of thermostat.
2. Programmable thermostat not installed and household would benefit from one

Heat ducts and pipes
1. Supplies heat to the assigned rooms in an efficient and sufficient manner
2. Supply and return ducts are the proper size for efficient operation of the heating system
3. Total measured pressure of supply registers in a mobile home < 3Pa when HwrtO =50Pa,
   unless documentation shows no cost effectiveness to continue
4. Mobile home return air system centralized through living space

1. Total insulation value less than an R-10 in unheated areas
2. Excessive or improper material used to seal or insulate ducts
3. Ducts not sealed in an unheated area with proper materials
4. If duct wrap used, material not mechanically fastened
5. Duct wrap over compressed

6. Incorrect sizing of cold air returns
7. Back-draft dampers not installed between wood furnace plenum and another forced air
8. Dampers not provided on new supply ducts
9. System out of balance and unevenly heating the home
10. Duct leaks within the combustion zone not sealed
11. Ducts not connected
12. Registers inappropriate or incorrectly functioning for intended purpose (grills on return duct
    in CAZ)
13. Total measured pressure of supply registers in a mobile home >3Pa when HwrtO=50Pa

Boiler pipe insulation
1. All pipes specified insulated to R-7 with materials rated for use

1. Loose tape
2. Missed corners
3. Insulated returns
4. Insulated flue
5. Improper material

Water heater wrap
1. Insulated to R-10 covering all applicable areas

1. No fasteners
2. Loose tape
3. Leaking water heater
4. Control panels and/or overflow exhaust covered
5. Exposed fibers
6. Compressed material
7. Insulation on top of gas water heater
8. Insulation too close to burner of gas water heater
9. Insulation below water tank
10. No relief valve extension pipe to within 6” of the floor or receptor
11. Wrap covers relief valve extension pipe

Water heater pipe insulation
1. Installed within 6 ft on the hot and cold pipe
2. All pipes between sidearm water heater and boiler are insulated

1. Seams are not taped or tape not adhering to pipe wrap
2. Pipe wrap is within 3” of the flue (except power vented models)
3. Elbows, unions, and/or other fittings exposed

4. Incorrect size pipe wrap used


Building Diagnostic and Combustion Safety
1. Documentation present of all required diagnostic, air sealing and combustion safety testing
   needed for the building
2. Diagnostic tests appropriate to the building’s configuration
3. All guidelines followed in reducing air leakage (e.g. 1 hour maximum for comfort sealing,
   CEG, DTL and ZPD)
4. All major attic bypasses and building key junctures sealed

1. Greater than 10% but less than 20% variance from final test numbers generated during crew
   work under similar testing conditions
2. Attic bypass total path leakage >10% of final building CFM50

1. No evidence Weatherization air sealing policies followed
2. Diagnostic tests inappropriate for building’s configuration
3. Greater than 20% variance from final test numbers generated during crew work under similar
    testing conditions
4. Comfort sealing exceeded 1 work hour
5. No zone diagnostics run for attached garage
6. Worst case depressurization testing not completed with documentation in file for both pre
    and post weatherization work

1. Performs intended function

1. Non paintable product in paintable area
2. Not performing intended function
3. Excessive use of foam (i.e. foaming entire window shut)

Window replacements
1. Window installation meets program specifications
2. Opens smoothly and operates properly
3. Generally square in opening or fits opening only way possible
4. Meets all applicable building practices (e.g. drainage planes, back caulked, etc.)
5. Meets current protocols on repair, ECM, or Health and Safety (NEAT audit)

1. Leaks water
2. Does not operate smoothly or properly

3.   No photo of Lead Safe Work practices (containment zone)
4.   Energy Star windows not used
5.   No photograph of preexisting window in file
6.   No NEAT Audit SIR documentation

Glass replacement
1. Glass is the correct type for the installation (e.g. Tempered on doors and sidelights and
   within 6 ft of tubs and 18” off of ground or floor, etc.)

1. Inappropriate glazing compound (e.g. putty)
2. Use of any heated implement to remove glazing
3. Excessive damage to wood frame in removing damaged glass
4. Cracked glass not taped
5. Misaligned cracked glass not replaced

Door treatments
1. Easily closed, opened and latched and performs its function
2. Peep holes are acceptable

1. Adjusted R-value does not meet R-5
2. Weather-stripping any door not part of heating envelope
3. Does not latch easily
4. Not repaired when necessary
5. No photograph of preexisting door in file
6. No NEAT Audit SIR documentation

1. Replacement refrigerator(s) follows Weatherization policies and protocol
2. Replacement refrigerator is ENERGY STAR
3. Most energy inefficient unit replaced.

1. Not same model purchased
2. Not level or best fit into space
4. Does not meet protocol
5. Missed opportunity for bounty
6. Old unit still present
7. No NEAT Audit SIR documentation (required if R134a refrigerant listed)

1. Replacement freezer follows Weatherization policies and protocol

2. Replacement freezer is ENERGY STAR chest type with manual defrost
3. Most energy inefficient unit was replaced

1. Not same model as purchased
2. Not level or best fit into space
4. Existing freezer tested less than .75 Pf and was equal to or greater than 14 cubic feet
5. Installed in unconditioned space (garage, porch)
6. Replacement freezer size is not equal to or less than unit replaced per Weatherization Manual
7. Old unit(s) not removed from premises
8. Additional functional units not removed with owner’s permission

Water heater replacement
1. Follows protocol for water heater replacement

1. No picture in the file
2. Pressure release valve discharge pipe not properly installed
3. Improper venting of exhaust
4. Dielectric connectors were not used (if required)
5. Improper installation of drain tube
6. Temperature set higher than 125° F as measured at closest faucet
7. Inappropriate electrical connections
8. Not sized properly for household
9. Does not meet energy factor
10. New water heater insulated with exterior blanket
11. If NEAT or MHEA used, did not model water heater replacement
12. Units that should be replaced were not (leaking, backdrafting, electric conversion)

Lighting: CFL
1. Follows protocol from Weatherization Field Guide

1. Missing or nonfunctioning CFLs

1. Replacement not appropriate for intended use
2. Not ENERGY STAR labeled
3. Uninstalled CFL’s left at job site
4. Halogen torchiere not replaced

Water reduction devices
1. Installation follows Weatherization policies and protocol

1. Observable evidence of leakage
2. GPM above 2.5
3. Uninstalled device(s) left on site

1. Necessary for effective performance and/or preservation of weatherization materials
2. Cost efficient and correct problem

1. Not necessary or appropriate for installation and preservation of weatherization materials
2. Not modeled with MHEA audit as required for mobile homes
3. Not modeled or incorrectly modeled with NEAT for 1-4 family structures exceeding $500

Health and Safety
1. Appropriate to eliminate or reduce existing hazards or to eliminate or reduce hazards created
   as a result of installation of weatherization materials

1. Not necessary or appropriate to eliminate identified hazard
2. No identifiable hazard was present
3. Not installed in conjunction with energy conservation measures
4. Installed alarms not working
5. Smoke alarms not on every floor where solid fuel (wood, corn, pellet) burning appliances
6. Smoke alarms installed in homes without solid fuel burning appliances
7. Moisture audit not performed when warranted
8. Conditions present that warranted a deferral
9. No NEAT Audit SIR documentation if costs exceeded $1000

Ventilation for Indoor Air Quality
1. Installation follows Weatherization policies and protocol
2. Required flow rate of whole house mechanical ventilation determined by ASHRAE 62.2
3. Installed whole house ventilation operates continually or on an intermittent basis with a
   customer shut-off switch

Pass with Concern
1. Documented results do not match results reported in WisWAP
2. Ventilation In Your Home document not completed and left with customer
3. Refusal of Ventilation form not in the customer file (if not installed when called for)

1. Whole house mechanical ventilation not installed when required, unless customer-signed
    waiver in file

2.   Whole house mechanical ventilation installed when not required
3.   Spot ventilation installed when whole house ventilation required (>15 cfm)
4.   Measured flow rate of whole house mechanical ventilation >200% of required rate or <90%
5.   Spot ventilation not installed when required (1-15 cfm required by ASHRAE 62.2 and no
     existing spot ventilation in unit)


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