MULTNOMAH COUNTY OREGON Multnomah Countys Juvenile Justice

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MULTNOMAH COUNTY OREGON Multnomah Countys Juvenile Justice Powered By Docstoc
					         Department of Community Justice
         MULTNOMAH COUNTY OREGON
         Office of the Director
         501 SE Hawthorne Boulevard, Suite 250
         Portland, Oregon 97214
         (503) 988-3701 phone
         (503) 988-3990 fax


         FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: January 9, 2004

         Contact: Robb Freda-Cowie, Department of Community Justice
         Ph: (503) 988-5820/Pager: (503) 202-1920

          Multnomah County’s Juvenile Justice Innovations Threatened by Budget
                                         Cuts:

           New Documentary Shows Success of At-Risk Programs in Reducing Juvenile
                         Crime and Incarceration of Minority Youth

         Portland, OR (January 9, 2004) – Bucking a national trend of locking up higher rates of
         youth, Multnomah County has reduced the number of youth held in detention – and the
         rates at which minority youth are detained – without jeopardizing public safety.
         Multnomah County’s accomplishments are featured in a newly released documentary
         film, “These Are Our Kids,” produced by the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

         At the same time that the county’s detention reform successes are being showcased
         locally and nationally, the potential fall-out from Measure 30 budget cuts threatens to
         undermine the innovative youth service programs the county has developed.

         From 1993 to 2002, the average daily population of youth detained at the Donald E.
         Long Juvenile Justice Center declined by 66% (from 96 to 33 youth).

         The county has also succeeded in reducing the disproportionate percentage of minority
         youth who are detained. In 1996, youth of color were a third more likely to be detained
         as white youth – for the past four years, youth of all ethnicities have been detained in
         Multnomah County at almost identical rates. This accomplishment is virtually unrivalled
         by any other juvenile system in the nation.

         Meanwhile, Multnomah County’s juvenile justice reforms have corresponded to steep
         drops in juvenile crime – since 1997, juvenile criminal referrals have declined 38% in
         Multnomah County. Juvenile recidivism is also down 3% since 1993.

         “Multnomah County is showing the nation that a fair juvenile justice system is also a safe
         one,” said County Board Chair Diane Linn. “But we don’t operate in a vacuum. More
         state cuts would make it harder to help our kids and prevent juvenile crime.”

(Over)




         Page 1 of 9
               Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
               Detention Reform Press Release

A press conference to publicize the continuing success of Multnomah County’s reduced use of juvenile
detention – and the Portland screening of “These Are Our Kids” – will be held on January 13, 2004, at
11:00 a.m., in Courtroom Six at the Donald E. Long Juvenile Justice Center (1401 N.E. 68th Avenue).
County Chair Diane Linn, State Senator Margaret Carter and a youth who has benefited from the
county’s innovative programs, will be at the press conference, among other speakers.

A screening of “These Are Our Kids” and a forum on detention reform will be held on January 13, 2004,
at the Interstate Firehouse Cultural Center, from 5:30-7:30 p.m.

The Multnomah County Department of Community Justice (DCJ) is one of three model sites in the
nation participating in the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI), a national effort to reduce the
number of youth unnecessarily detained while their cases wait to be heard. The Annie E. Casey
Foundation launched the initiative in 1994, and the model has been replicated in seven states and
seven counties around the country. Earlier this year, DCJ and JDAI were named as a finalist for
Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government Innovations in American Government Awards.

Some of the keys to the county’s success have been:

      •      Developing tools that help staff identify youth who should be held in detention and youth
             who can be safely released into the community.

      •      Early intervention and counseling services for at-risk youth.

      •      Community-based programs that provide safe alternatives to detention – and help prevent
             youth from committing future offenses.

 “We found that the last thing many of the kids who were brought to us needed was to be locked up,”
said Joanne Fuller, the Director of the county’s Department of Community Justice. “Treating them and
keeping them in their community is the best and least expensive way to keep them from coming back to
us.”

“We’re making sure that youth are being held accountable in ways that are applied equitably and
effectively,” said Multnomah County District Attorney Michael Schrunk.

Funding for some of the services that have enabled the Department of Community Justice to achieve
its success in detention reform have been devastated by state cuts. Some programs have lost up to
70% in state funding. If Measure 30 passes, county juvenile programs will face further reductions as
the state tries to close its budget gap.

Yet these juvenile programs are much less expensive than locking youth up. The average daily cost of
a detention bed is $215 – the cost of community alternatives ranges from $22-$97a day.

“Cutting these programs only costs taxpayers more in the end,” stated County Chair Diane Linn.

Bart Lubow, Director of Programs for High-Risk Youth at the Annie E. Casey Foundation, a private
foundation that has supported Multnomah County’s reforms, said, “What Multnomah County has done
should be happening in every jurisdiction. I hope that someday this exception will be the rule.”




               Page 2 of 9
              Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
              Detention Reform Press Release

                Multnomah County Juvenile Detention Alternative Initiative
                                  Project Overview
                  1993 Multnomah County is awarded a 2.5 Million dollar Annie E. Casey Foundation,
                  Juvenile Detention Alternative Initiative (JDAI) grant for System reform which includes the
                  following:
                          • Improving public safety
                          • Reducing the reliance on secure detention
                          • Redirect public finances from secure detention beds to secure treatment beds,
                              community based supervision and family services
                          • Improve Conditions of Secure Confinement

                  1995 Multnomah County completed construction of the 191 bed Regional Juvenile Justice
                  Complex

                  1998 Multnomah County Juvenile Services Division becomes a National Model Site for
                  system reform

                  Project oversight is provided by the Juvenile Justice Council comprised of Multnomah
                  County stakeholders: Judges, District Attorneys, Police, Defense Attorneys and Community
                  Providers

                                           Ten years and Counting
                  Cost of detention beds versus detention alternatives:
                          • Detention                          $202 per day
                          • Staff Secure Shelter               $97 per day
                          • Community Detention                $22 per day

                  Detention utilization declines by 66%

                  Reduced Recidivism, 5%

                  Reduction in disproportionate minority confinement, 23% reduction in the number of youth
                  of color detained

                  Implementation of screenings and referral of low risk youth to community based services.
                  The Reception Center received 1489 referral, a 114% increase in 2002. The number of youth
                  referred to detention is 2138, a reduction of 43% in 2002

                  The Multnomah County JDAI project:
                        • Hosted 24 Juvenile Departments for 2 day model site demonstration
                        • Presented the Multnomah County JDAI model at 32 National Conferences
                        • Presented the Multnomah County JDAI model to Juvenile Departments in 17
                            jurisdictions throughout the U.S.

Multnomah County, Juvenile Services Division, a 2004 Semifinalists for the Harvard University’s,
Kennedy School of Government Innovations in American Government Awards

              Page 3 of 9
                              Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
                              Detention Reform Press Release




                                        Juvenile Offenders and Recidivism Rate
                                                   at DCJ: 1994-2001*
                                      4732           4788
                              5000                                  4574           4377
                                                                                                   3914
Number ofJuvenile Offenders




                              4000
                                                                                                                    3405           3401
                                                                                                                                                 3008
                              3000



                              2000          1538           1551            1500           1409
                                                                                                          1293
                                            32.5%         32.4%        32.8%           32.2%                             1061            1020           884
                                                                                                      33.0%
                              1000                                                                                   31.2%          30.0%          29.4%



                                 0
                                     1994           1995           1996            1997            1998           1999            2000           2001
                                                                                 Calendar Year
                                                           Number of Unduplicated Juvenile Offenders             Recidivating Youth
                                             * - The recidivism rate for 2002 offenders will not be available until Jan. 1, 2004, since we must wait
                                             for one full year from the last intial offense to calculate the rate for all juvenile offenders in 2002.

                                                                                                              “Recidivism Report: on Juvenile Offenders in 2001”
                                                                                                              Scott Keir, Ph.D. , 2003




                              Page 4 of 9
                               Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
                               Detention Reform Press Release




                                                      Type of Offenses
                                               Committed by Juveniles: 1995-2002*
                               4000
                                                    3518
                                       3808
                                                                3169
Number of Criminal Referrals




                               3000                                            2729

                                                                                        2409
                                                     Property                                        2272

                                                                                                            1856        1835
                               2000
                                                                Person

                                       1261         1169                      1198
                                                                1174
                                                                                      940      963
                                                                                                            782          828
                               1000
                                             Drug
                                                    393         445         431       390
                                       298                                                     413
                                                                                                            289         274

                                             186          154         175      119       146     122           93     78
                                  0
                                        1995        1996        1997        1998      1999     2000         2001       2002
                                      Weapon                                Calendar Year       “Juvenile Crime Trends Report: 2002”
                                                                                                Scott Keir, Ph.D., 2003




                               Page 5 of 9
                                               Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
                                               Detention Reform Press Release




                                                        DCJ Detain Rate by Anglo/Minority Over Time:
                                                                         1994-2002
                                               50%
% of Group Brought to Detention and Detained




                                                       42%
                                                                                                                                       38%
                                               40%
                                                                                Minority
                                                               34%

                                                                       30%                                                              35%
                                               30%     32%                             27%                                26%
                                                                               24%                25%
                                                              28%                                             22%
                                                                                                  25%
                                                                                                                          24%
                                               20%
                                                                      21%     22%      21%                    22%



                                               10%                               Anglo



                                               0%      1994 1995 1996        1997     1998        1999       2000          2001 2002


                                                                                           Scott Keir, Ph.D., Research & Evaluation Unit, Feb., 2003




                                               Page 6 of 9
                 Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
                 Detention Reform Press Release


                          Average Daily Population 1992 - 2002


120
                   96
100
         78
80
                           56
60

40
                                   25                               22
                                            18      17                      18      20      18
                                                            15
20

 0
      1992        1993    1994    1995     1996    1997    1998    1999    2000    2001     2002

  1992        Multnom ah County im plem ented the Capacity Managem ent System
  1993        Multnom ah County released 15 - 20 youth per m onth because of over crow ding
  1994        Multnom ah County created the Detention Reform Im plem entation Plan
              Multnom ah County controls detention Intake by creating Intake Policies
  1995        Multnom ah County im plem ented the Risk Assessm ent Instrum ent (I)
              Ballot Measure 11 w ent into effect
              Multnom ah County projected future detention capacity (68 beds) based on 1994 data
  1998        Multnom ah County closed one 16 bed detention unit due to underutilization
  2000        Multnom ah County closed another 16 bed detention unit due to underutilization
  2000        Multnom ah County im plem ented the revised Risk Assessm ent Instrum ent (III)
  2001        Multnom ah County closed another 16 bed detention unit due to underutilization




                 Page 7 of 9
      Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
      Detention Reform Press Release


     Number of Youth of Color Detained in Multnomah
               County's Detention Facility




70



60



50


               70
             Youth of
40           Color in



30



20



10                                            9
                                           Youth of
                                           Color in
0
             1993                            2002




      Page 8 of 9
      Multnomah County Department of Community Justice
      Detention Reform Press Release



               Percent of the Detained Detention Population of Youth of Color , 1993 to 2002




                                       73%


80%


70%
                                                                50%

60%


50%
                              70 youth of
40%                           color over an             9 youth of
                              ADP of 96                 color over an
30%                                                     ADP of 18

20%


10%


0%


      Youth of Color Detained 1993                                 Youth of Color Detained 2002




      Page 9 of 9

				
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