Docstoc

Urban and Regional Space

Document Sample
Urban and Regional Space Powered By Docstoc
					Theme: Nieuw Socio-Physical Dynamics of Urban and Regional Space
TitleENG                      Naam                      NaamOrg
Middle class families and the                           Universiteit van Amsterdam
remaking of the city



Home ownership, family ties     prof.dr. C.H. Mulder    Universiteit van Amsterdam
and residential mobility




Creating Spatial Conditions     prof.ir. F. Le Clercq   Universiteit van Amsterdam
for Urban Change


The Life Cycles of Urban                                Universiteit van Amsterdam
Areas in Amsterdam:
Describing, Explaining,
Conditioning and Exploiting

Housing and nest leaving:       prof.dr. C.H. Mulder    Universiteit van Amsterdam
The Netherlands and Spain




Building for consumption: an    prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet   Universiteit van Amsterdam
institutional analysis of
peripheral shopping
development in North-
Western Europe

Veiligheid of avontuur? Tijd-   prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
ruimtelijk gedrag van
jongeren in relatie tot
onveiligheidsgevoelens van
hun ouders
Social cohesion in new                                       Universiteit van Amsterdam
neighbourhoods: desirable,
possible?




The organization of time in                                  Universiteit van Amsterdam
different countries
The use of urban public                                      Universiteit van Amsterdam
space
Het pendelhuwelijk: een          prof.dr. C.H. Mulder        Universiteit van Amsterdam
onderzoek naar het tweede
wonen bij het werk




Social relations in housing in   prof.dr.ir. J. van der Schaar Universiteit van Amsterdam
the Netherlands, United
Kingdom and Australia




The planning of metropolitan                                 Universiteit van Amsterdam
traffic and transport systems
RESTATE: Restructuring       prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
Large Housing Estates in
Europe




Residence in the knowledge   prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
city (Amsterdam)




Retailing functions in       prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Southern European regions




The inventive city: urban    prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
competitiveness and
sustainable urban
development
Recent trends in residential    prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
migration and daily mobility in
the Randstad




Children's changing time-                               Universiteit van Amsterdam
space behaviour:
Stadskinderen, verschillende
generaties over de dagelijkse
strijd om ruimte.

Deviant and marginal                                    Universiteit van Amsterdam
residential behaviour
The political and cultural role                         Universiteit van Amsterdam
of European capitals




Geopolitical visions and the                            Universiteit van Amsterdam
new world order: historic
change and existential bases

Verzorgingsstaat en               prof.dr. S. Musterd   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Verzorgingsstad. Sociaal-
economische segregatie en
de rol van de overheid




Gender, time budgets and                                Universiteit van Amsterdam
shortage of space
The long-term effects of        prof.ir. F. Le Clercq   Universiteit van Amsterdam
multi-modal transportation
networks: the residential
choice of behaviour of
households




Urban Governance, Social        prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
Inclusion and Sustainability




European Place of                                       Universiteit van Amsterdam
Pilgrimage in a changing
European Order
Local housing provision and                             Universiteit van Amsterdam
housing policy




Dynamics of home-work           prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
relations under the influence
of changes in residence and
job

European integration and                                Universiteit van Amsterdam
territorial orders




RAMBLAS, a Regional                                     Universiteit van Amsterdam
Activities Location Model
Changing urban landscape                                Universiteit van Amsterdam
and contrasting land use in
six European capital cities,
1850-1950
European capitals:                                      Universiteit van Amsterdam
development of political,
administrative and symbolic
functions of European
capitals
Spatially relevant divisions                             Universiteit van Amsterdam
and arrangements in the
welfare state
Monet. Mobility Environments dr. L. Bertolini            Universiteit van Amsterdam
and Network Cities. A Time-
Space Enquiry among Users
of Transportation Nodes and
Urban Places

European Study of Adult                                  Universiteit van Amsterdam
Well-being
State formation, nation-       prof.dr. H. Knippenberg   Universiteit van Amsterdam
building and cultural dversity
in the Netherland since 1800
in comparitive perspective


Residential dynamics in                                  Universiteit van Amsterdam
ethnic concentrations
Space and representation                                 Universiteit van Amsterdam
Globalization and new media                              Universiteit van Amsterdam


Adaptive cities in Europe        prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam

Ageing Well in Various           prof.dr. C.H. Mulder    Universiteit van Amsterdam
Social-Spatial Contexts


Residential location and the                             Universiteit van Amsterdam
division between partners of
paid work, commuting
distance and household tasks

Boundary work in interactive                             Universiteit van Amsterdam
problem solving
Innovatie in het landelijk                               Universiteit van Amsterdam
gebied: Grenzenwerk in de
VS en Nederland
Commitments in young                                     Universiteit van Amsterdam
adulthood and the
consequences for the life
course




City regions in flux                                     Universiteit van Amsterdam
Rough sleeping homeless in                                  Universiteit van Amsterdam
Amsterdam


Neighbourhood effects and       prof.dr. S. Musterd         Universiteit van Amsterdam
social processes
Amsterdam and its                                           Universiteit van Amsterdam
metropolitan area




Integration of (ex) ex-pat      prof.dr. S. Musterd         Universiteit van Amsterdam
Japanese In The
Netherlands and Japan
Collaboration with Uppsala                                  Universiteit van Amsterdam
(Andersson) and Detroit
(Galster) on neighbourhood
effect analysis
The development of                                          Universiteit van Amsterdam
residential environments in
urban (sub)regions in the
Randstad
Segregation as a social                                     Universiteit van Amsterdam
problem



Segregation and social                                      Universiteit van Amsterdam
participation
Urban segregation and                                       Universiteit van Amsterdam
modes of integration in
European cities
Netherlands Kinship Panel                                   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Study (NKPS)

Run and fun at Rotterdam                                    Technische Universiteit Delft
Central Station
Shanghia Pudong: speeding prof.ir. H. Jonge                 Technische Universiteit Delft
up urban development.
lessons for European projects

Transitions between cities      prof.ir. H. Jonge           Technische Universiteit Delft
and ports

Asset management in the         dr.ir. V. Gruis             Technische Universiteit Delft
social rented sector
Instruments for internalising   prof.dr. W.K. Korthals Altes Technische Universiteit Delft
landscape values in urban-
rural interplay processes
Housing Quality in the         prof.dr. P.J. Boelhouwer       Technische Universiteit Delft
European Union
Housing choice, limitations of dr. M. van der Land            Technische Universiteit Delft
choice and neighbourhood
experience of residents in
concentration areas

Duurdere koopwoning en            prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus      Technische Universiteit Delft
wooncarriere

Kennis en leren in de             prof.dr. W.K. Korthals Altes Technische Universiteit Delft
stedelijke vernieuwing
Energy conservation in the        prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus      Technische Universiteit Delft
housing stock of landlords
Development Planning in           dr.ir. M. Spaans            Technische Universiteit Delft
international perspective




Effects on activity and travel    prof.dr. G.P. van Wee       Technische Universiteit Delft
patterns of preferences and
attitudes concerning urban
form and travel behaviour

Woonbeleving en                   prof.dr. P.J. Boelhouwer    Technische Universiteit Delft
woningkeuzegedrag
Woonruimteverdeling in            dr. M.E.A. Haffner          Technische Universiteit Delft
Europese context



Consumer preferences and       prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus         Technische Universiteit Delft
consumer behaviour with
regard to sustainable building
measures
Complementary development prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus              Technische Universiteit Delft
in polycentric urban regions




The relationship between          prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus      Technische Universiteit Delft
land use, transport services
and travel behaviour
Succesfactoren van         prof.dr. P.J. Boelhouwer          Technische Universiteit Delft
probleemloze wijken in een
problematisch wijktype
Vermogen van ouderen in de dr. M.E.A. Haffner                Technische Universiteit Delft
eigen woning




Floating City: housing on         dr. R. Goetgeluk           Technische Universiteit Delft
water

Quality of the human living       prof.dr. P. Hooimeijer     Universiteit Utrecht
environment

Spatial mobility and              prof.dr. P. Hooimeijer     Universiteit Utrecht
household change
Cities and culture                dr. I. van Aalst           Universiteit Utrecht




Rol van culturele festivals bij   prof.dr. A.M.J. Kreukels   Universiteit Utrecht
revitalisering van de stad
Dynamics in commuting and         dr. A.T. de Blaeij         Universiteit Utrecht
leisure travel and spatial
configurations




Urban land consumption            prof.dr. H.F.L. Ottens     Universiteit Utrecht




Technology, talent and            dr. I. van Aalst           Universiteit Utrecht
tolerance in European cities:
the case of the Netherlands
Urbanisation pattern             prof.dr. H.F.L. Ottens   Universiteit Utrecht
dynamics in the Delta




Geovisualization              prof.dr. M.J. Kraak         Universiteit Utrecht
Urban revitalization and      prof.dr. A.M.J. Kreukels    Universiteit Utrecht
appropriate urban planning in
Western Europe
Regional efficiency in health Groenewegen                 Universiteit Utrecht
care




Regional developments in         dr. C.P. Terlouw         Universiteit Utrecht
West-European semi-
peripheral areas




Geoinformation technology        dr. S. Geertman          Universiteit Utrecht
and spatial planning




Monitoring spatial inequality prof.dr. H.F.L. Ottens      Universiteit Utrecht
with GIS and urban indicators
Small-scale irrigation, local prof.dr. O. Verkoren        Universiteit Utrecht
development and rural
livelihoods in western
Mexico: the case of the
states of Michoacan and
Guanajuato
ASEAN's changing trade        prof.dr. O. Verkoren        Universiteit Utrecht
regime and its consequences
for rice growing households
the Philippines: a study of
local development and
livelihoods in Bohol

Changing rural production                                 Universiteit Utrecht
forms as a reaction to
integration in the national and
global economy in Mali



Urban change and migration         prof.dr. O. Verkoren   Universiteit Utrecht
in West-Africa




Resource management            prof.dr.ir. P. Vellinga    Universiteit Utrecht
under stressed livelihood
conditions: changing
livelihoods and management
practices in the bufferzone of
the Kerinci Seblat National
Park, Kerinci District,
Sumatra




Migration to and from         prof.dr. O. Verkoren        Universiteit Utrecht
intermediate cities along the
U.S. Mexico border: a
comparison of Piedras
Negras and Ciudad Acuna
Ageing, individualization and prof.dr. P. Hooimeijer      Universiteit Utrecht
the housing market
The reputation of             dr. G.S. Bolt               Universiteit Utrecht
restructuring neighbourhoods

Decline and regeneration:   prof.dr. R. van Kempen        Universiteit Utrecht
processes of change and the
role of policy in post-WWII
neighbourhoods in Dutch
cities
Spatial segmentation in          prof.dr. A.M.J. Kreukels   Universiteit Utrecht
Bangkok


Retirement migration: the                                   Universiteit Utrecht
significance of Dutch second
home owners in France




Urban redevelopment: boon        prof.dr. J. van Weesep     Universiteit Utrecht
or bane of public space




Housing preferences of                                      Universiteit Utrecht
ethnic minorities




Social structure and the built   prof.dr. R. van Kempen     Universiteit Utrecht
environment




Urban restructuring and          dr. G.S. Bolt              Universiteit Utrecht
social cohesion

Urban use and urban density dr. J.J. Harts                  Universiteit Utrecht


Modelling housing markets        prof.dr. P. Hooimeijer     Universiteit Utrecht




Residential location and         prof.dr. M.J. Dijst        Universiteit Utrecht
mobility
Land use attitudes towards    prof. L. mokhtarian           Universiteit Utrecht
land use and travel, and
observed residential and
travel choice behaviour
Household activity scheduling                               Universiteit Utrecht




Accessibility measures           dr.ir. D.F. Ettema         Universiteit Utrecht
based on the utility of activity
patterns




Action spaces and                                           Universiteit Utrecht
cyberspace




Long distance opportunities, prof.dr. M.J. Dijst            Universiteit Utrecht
Travel and consequences for
the use of Space in the
Western European Delta




Urbanisation, accessibility        prof.dr. H.F.L. Ottens   Universiteit Utrecht
and locational quality
Mobility environments and   prof.dr. M.J. Dijst         Universiteit Utrecht
network cities




Monitoring stedelijk        dr. J.J. Harts              Universiteit Utrecht
ruimtegebruik 1996-2000,
monitoring urban land use
1996-2000


AFROPAST                    drs. H.A. Oosterhoff        Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
AGRIDENT                                                Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
AIDSINDON                   prof.dr. I. Hutter          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen



BARRIER                                                 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
CALENDAR                    prof.dr.ir. F.J.C. Willekens Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

CIBRAN                      prof.dr. G.J. Ashworth      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
EXPLOFUTURE                 prof.dr. P.H. Pellenbarg    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen


GENGAP                      prof.dr. J. van Dijk        Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
HERA6                       prof.dr. I. Hutter          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

HERA-AIDS                   prof.dr. I. Hutter          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
HERLAND                     prof.dr. G.J. Ashworth      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
HERPER                                                  Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
HUTONG                      prof.dr. G.J. Ashworth      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
IDPAD2                                                  Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
INDHER                      prof.dr. G.J. Ashworth      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
INDONESIA MIG               prof.dr.ir. F.J.C. Willekens Rijksuniversiteit Groningen


INTCOM                      prof.dr. P.P.P. Huigen      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

ISV                         prof.dr. G. de Roo          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
LABMARK                     prof.dr. J. van Dijk        Rijksuniversiteit Groningen




LIFELINE                                                Rijksuniversiteit Groningen


LUNG                        prof.dr.ir. F.J.C. Willekens Rijksuniversiteit Groningen


MARRIAGEMARKET              prof.dr. L.J.G. van Wissen Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

MULTICULTI                                              Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
PERSHOUS                    prof.dr. G. de Roo          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
PHILPLAN                                                Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
PRISONGEO                                   Rijksuniversiteit Groningen



PUBPASTS        prof.dr. G.J. Ashworth      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
QUALITATIVE                                 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
QUALLIVAREA     prof.dr. G. de Roo          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
REPROINDIABAN   prof.dr. I. Hutter          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
REPROINDIANL    prof.dr. I. Hutter          Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
SPANDANA        prof.dr.ir. F.J.C. Willekens Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

LIFEWEEU        prof.dr. P.P.P. Huigen      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

PASTLIVE        prof.dr. G.J. Ashworth      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen




VERSONT         prof.dr. P.P.P. Huigen      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

WATMAN          prof.dr. H. Voogd           Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

WORLDHER        prof.dr. G.J. Ashworth      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
ban and Regional Space
       Context                                                                                  Funding Flow Funding Flow2 Aim   Methods
       It is particularly middle class families who have a long tradition in leaving the city               1
       for the suburb. However due to urban restructuring a modest counter process
       can be observed. Some families, who could afford to buy a house in the suburb,
       instead to stay. This research project analyses the argumentations behind this
       decision and the effects it has on the social and physical dimensions of cities
       and city life.
       Historically, the commitments that people make to home ownership and family                         2
       members have resulted in a low geographic mobility. Over the last several
       decades, however, there have been a few important changes in the way people
       commit themselves. Home ownership has grown, the formation of unions and
       families has been delayed, and the nature of family relationships has changed.
       These changes, and the connection between commitments and geographic
       mobility, can have enormous effects on labour and housing markets. In this
       project the relationships that lie between residential relocation, home ownership,
       and family ties will be studied. Next to that an attempt will be made to discern in
       what manner these relationships have changed, and what recent developments
       may indicate.
       The shifting initiatives in urban developments from the public to the private                       1
       sector, compels local governments to be more strategic with regard to their
       spatial plans and investments. The research provides a tool for that gives insight
       in the market dynamics of the city, based on which public strategies can be
       discussed more explicitly and better substantiated.
       The transformation of urban areas is the result of a combination of public and -                    3
       increasingly - private interventions in an ever-changing economic and social
       context. It is essential for urban governments to understand what moves private
       investors and how public actions can condition this. Goal of this project is 1.
       identifying indicators of the development potential of urban areas - as phases of
       a 'life cycle' - and 2. applying the resulting information to the design of urban
       development strategies.
       Nest leaving is a demographic process that has become important to                                  0
       understand household formation and the development of new forms of family
       living and housing situation of young Europeans. The research project aims to
       explore regional differences in nest leaving ages, union formation and residential
       trajectories after leaving parental home. Young people's nest leaving processes
       are related in this study to the accessibility of housing and to social housing
       policies. These are considered as an innovative field of interest in explaining
       regional variation in nest leaving. For this purpose a comparison is established
       between two European countries with different housing contexts. The Dutch and
       Spanish nest leaving experience in the recent past and in the 1980s are
       analysed in this project.
       Main research question: How do institutional factors determine the spatial                          1
       development of retail centers in North-Western Europe? This study endeavors to
       investigate the institutional relationships in retail development in urban regions
       for three North-Western European countries: the Netherlands, Germany and the
       United Kingdom. By comparing the Dutch case to its most powerful neighbors,
       insight can be gained into the mechanisms of the particular policy approaches
       and how it affects retail development in general.

       This research examines the relationship between parents' fears about children's                     1
       safety - the ways in which they construct space - and young people's use and
       experience of space.
All kind of societal processes seem to point the conclusion that social cohesion      2
or a sense of community in neighbourhoods is something of the past; the idea is
that the importance of a neighbourhood as a framework for territorial integration
is just becoming vague. On the other hand residents appear to show a great
interest in their neighbourhood. And also from wider society a lot of attention is
paid to the importance of integration. Especially with respect to newly built
neighbourhoods, often designed on basis of the development of a social mix,
there exist high ambitions regarding social cohesion. This situation leads to a set
of questions. In the first place it asks to make use of the body of knowledge that
is to be found in the rich literature on social cohesion in residential
neighbourhoods. Next to this we need understanding with regard to the question
how social cohesion develops in a newly built neighbourhood: how is social
cohesion created; via which mechanisms; what is the role of institutions; what is
the role of pioneers; and to what extent does the newly formed social cohesion
survive over time. Especially this last question is difficult to answer based on a
brand new neighbourhood. Therefore a third project concentrates on the social
                                                                                      1

Hoe gebruiken verschillende groepen mensen (onderscheiden naar sekse,                 1
etniciteit en leeftijd) het openbare domein? Welke groepen domineren waar en
waarom?
De afstemming tussen wonen en werken is er met de opkomst van de                      1
tweeverdienershuishoudens niet eenvoudiger op geworden. In plaats van met
één, moet bij de woonplaatskeuze nu vaak met twee werkplekken rekening
worden gehouden. Dat geldt nog sterker bij huishoudens waarin beide partners
niet alleen werken, maar ook een carrière nastreven: de
tweecarrièrehuishoudens. In deze huishoudens is niet één van de carrières bijna
per definitie dominant, zoals dat vaak wel het geval is in de huishoudens waarin
voor één partner het betaald werk ondergeschikt is aan huishoudelijk werk en
het verzorgen van kinderen. Een bijzondere manier van afstemming tussen
wonen en werken, die naar verwachting vooral bij tweecarrièrehuishoudens te
vinden is, is het „pendelhuwelijk‟. Dit is een huishoudensvorm waarbij de
partners gehuwd zijn of zich als duurzaam samenwonend beschouwen, maar
waarbij één van de partners een deel van de tijd elders woont, namelijk in de
buurt van de werkplek. Naar het verschijnsel pendelhuwelijk wordt in dit project
onderzoek gedaan door het beantwoorden van de volgende
probleemstelling:Welke omvang heeft het verschijnsel pendelhuwelijk in een
Sinds de negentiende eeuw heeft de huisvesting in Nederland en Australië              1
zeer verschillend ontwikkelingspad doorlopen. Het verschil in eigendomsvorm
springt hierbij het meest in het oog: in Australië ligt de nadruk op ruimtelijk
gespreid eigen-woningbezit, terwijl in Nederland compacte sociale woningbouw
een zeer belangrijke rol speelt. Julie Lawson onderzocht hoe deze verschillen tot
stand zijn gekomen. Zij stelt hierbij dat het verklaren van de verschillen verder
moet gaan dan slechts het beschrijven van de belangrijke gebeurtenissen,
beleidsinterventies of uitkomsten. Zij pleit voor een perspectief van critical
realism. Hierin is de aandacht gericht op de causale mechanismen van
complexe, open en gestructureerde huisvestingsfenomenen. Vanuit dit
perspectief beargumenteert Lawson dat het in huisvestingsonderzoek essentieel
is om de belangrijkste sociale arrangementen te definiëren, omdat die ervoor
zorgen dat de huisvesting verschillende gedaanten aanneemt. Zij onderscheidt
drie essentiële sociale arrangementen: het systeem van eigendomsrechten, het
circuit van sparen en investeren, en werk en sociale zekerheid.
Probleemstelling : welke voorzieningen voor het verkeer, het parkeren en het          1
openbaar vervoer moeten zowel inhoudelijk als procedureel worden gepland om
de groeiende mobiliteit op te vangen die ontstaat door het ruimtelijk
uiteengroeien van stedelijke functies en hoe kunnen tegelijkertijd stedelijke
ontwikkelingen worden afgestemd op de vervoerbehoeften en geplande verkeer-
en vervoervoorzieningen? Door de spreiding van stedelijke functies over een
steeds groter gebied, in het algemeen inspelende op de mogelijkheden van de
auto, ontstaan er congesties op de autowegen en voldoet het openbaar vervoer
steeds minder. Onderzocht wordt hoe hiermee wordt omgesprongen: 1) in de
plan- en besluitvorming wat betreft het opleggen van beperkingen aan het
verkeer en het parkeren; 2) ruimtelijk conceptueel wat betreft de introductie van
vervoersplanologische inrichtingsprincipes; 3) gebruiksgericht door afstemming
van openbaar vervoer op de vraagpatronen van de gebruikers. Daarnaast wordt
onderzoek verricht naar ontwerp- en ontwikkelingsmethoden die de
wisselwerking leggen tussen ruimtelijke planning en de planning van
transportstelsels. Planningsprocedureel wordt vervolgens onderzocht hoe de
All over Europe large numbers of inhabitants live in large housing estates built         3
after the Second World War. The estates were carefully planned. But now, while
some have well integrated into the housing markets, many of them experience
both physical and social decline. They house large numbers of low-income
households, unemployed people and households from ethnic minorities. Often
despite more than two decades of attempts at rehabilitation, they are
increasingly associated with crime and social exclusion. The circumstances in
the estates and policy initiatives associated with these estates are the focus of
the RESTATE project. An important part of the RESTATE project is the
exchange of experiences and solutions between policymakers, housing
companies and researchers.The focus of this project is on the circumstances in
these large post-war estates, on policies to counteract negative trends and on
activities that stimulate positive developments. All over Europe urban and other
policies are increasingly concerned with these large post-war estates. The
estates are both physically and in a social sense, increasingly identified among
the worst parts of cities in catchwords like 'city of knowledge' or 'city of culture'
Many cities have adopted Europe. As millions of people will be affected by the to        3
present themselves in the international arena. These slogans reflect the huge
economic and cultural ambitions that these cities pursue. The city of knowledge
and the city of culture are often associated with a particular population profile.
The knowledge city needs a large pool of highly skilled knowledge workers,
whereas the cultural city cannot be realised without the presence of artists.
Three interrelated research projects (funded by the Municipality of Amsterdam
and carried out together with Sako Musterd) are directed at the relations
between particular urban economic and cultural ambitions and housing policies
in several European cities and urban regions. A fourth project (funded by the
DGW/NETHUR Partnership and carried out together with Albertine van Diepen),
which for convenience is also presented under the heading 'Residence in the
Ambitious City', focuses on 'urban lifestyles' as a potentially fruitful concept for
explaining changing residential preferences.
This research studies the spatial distribution of large-scale retail outlets as a        1
fundamental piece of the urban structure at regional scale. Its goal is to
investigate the relationships underlying that development, considering it as one
of the most exciting examples of tensions between the economy forces and the
politics as defenders of the access to consumption, where possible. This thesis
somehow maintains that we should focus at the same time on the analysis of the
market-regulation balance (functional side of the approach), and on the
institutional (or structural) framework of that balance applied to retail
development. The complexity of land relations in southern European countries
obliges us to understand the fact of the retail expansion as a socially embedded
arrangement of institutions, rather than market and pure scale and location
principles. In trying to solve these conflicts, namely underlying relations or capital
accumulation versus modes of regulation, this research has to give a suitable
explanation to the centre-periphery tensions that happen to shape the newest
retail relations in post-war urban areas. I start from the assumption that public
intervention is aimed at the exploration of strategies adopted by cities in different
The project has been the basis of planning in these countries; this leads me to          1
European countries to strengthen their economic profile and to realise or
maintain urban competitiveness in the long run. Special attention is paid to
strategies directly aimed at the attraction of firms and investors, and strategies
aimed at the attraction of a specific work force. Urban development policy in the
1980s and 1990s often concentrated on solving urban problems like improving
the chances on work and integration of less educated, poor, long-term
unemployed and/or ethnic minority groups. To the extent that such policies also
included attention for improvement of national and international competitiveness,
the dominant belief was that physical measures such as improving transport
infrastructure were the most important measures. In recent years the debate has
significantly changed. 'Knowledge', 'innovation' and 'creativity' have become the
key concepts in the political and academic debate about urban economic
development. Several recent publications and projects have already provided
case studies or overviews of such strategies in recent years. This project tries to
add a new perspective: the extent to which policies for urban competitiveness
Yearly statistics on residential migration between municipalities in the Randstad     1
area from 1985-2000 will be studied to trace the most recent trends in residential
mobility between municipality types (cities, suburbs, urbanised rural, former
growth centres etc.). In addition, data from the Housing Needs Survey will be
explored to get more insight into differences in migration behaviour between
socio-economic and socio-cultural groups. The resulting migration patterns will
then be studied in connection to patterns of daily mobility that were found in the
Ph.D project 'The challenge of planned urbanisation'. One of the central issues
will be to what extent the Randstad has developed itself more into one coherent
urban region with respect to residential migration and daily mobility patterns
since the 1980s.
Over time children's time space behaviour have become more diverse. In                1
addition to the traditional type of outdoor children, to-day we distinguish indoor
children and children of the backseat generation. This study project builds on the
further insights of the time and space specific character of childhood.




                                                                                      1

This study is aimed at the cities that played key political roles as centers of       1
government and headquarters of political institutions in Europe since the French
Revolution. These are all the places where the territorial dominance of states
was organized, where the nodes in the networks of international politics were
constructed, where state power and national identity were represented in the
built environment. In most cases every state had one such city, the capital. In
addition there was over time an increasing number of political interests with
headquarters established either in these capital cities or elsewhere: interstate
cooperations (IGOs), transnational articulations of interests (INGOs). Some
cities became specialized political centres for these kinds of functions. This
study is limited to Europe in order not to make the task unmanageable from the
outset. It is also the case that Europe as the cradle of the state system and the
scene of an unprecedented degree of interstate cooperation provides the richest
set of polities and interstate political networks that is available at the macro-
regional scale during this period. Taking the last two centuries we will be able to
look at two periods of globalization that should give rise to interesting
                                                                                      1



Segregatie - de geografische clustering van bepaalde bevolkingsgroepen - is           1
een bekend stedelijk fenomeen. Tineke Domburg-de Rooij wilde inzicht
verkrijgen in de achtergrond ervan. Haar hypothese was dat de structuur van de
verzorgingsstaat of -stad invloed heeft op de mate van sociaal-economische
segregratie. Om dit te toetsen, splitste ze het begrip segregatie op: ze gebruikt
segmentatie als het gaat om verschillen tussen sociaal-economische groepen in
de maatschappij, en segregatie als het gaat om de ruimtelijke clustering van die
groepen. Ook onderscheidde ze een aantal typen verzorgingsstaten. Uit haar
onderzoek blijkt dat universele verzorgingsstaten - zoals de Scandinavische
landen - minder sociaal-economische segmentatie en segregatie vertonen dan
uitgebreide verzorgingsstaten zoals de Benelux-landen. Op hun beurt vertonen
landen met uitgebreide verzorgingsstaten weer minder segmentatie en
segregatie dan residuele verzorgingsstaten (bijvoorbeeld het Verenigd
Koninkrijk). Hybride verzorgingsstaten als Portugal en Spanje blijken een heel
eigen positie te hebben met een hoge sociaal-economische segmentatie en een
Verzorgingsarrangementen en de arbeidsdelingde mogelijke invloedmannen in
lage segregatie. Domburg-de Rooij onderzocht tussen vrouwen en van de
                                                                                      1
verschillende stedelijke en rurale milieus.
This project aims at identifying the importance of inter-connectivity of multimodal   2
transportation networks on residential choice decisions of households, and the
effects this will have in turn on the activity patterns of households. The
fundamental research questions underlying this project are : 1) What is the
relative importance of aspects of relative location, related to activity programmes
of household (work, shopping, leisure, social, etcetera), on the residential choice
behavior of various household types, and what is the influence of the inter-
connectivity of multimodal transportation systems on this process? 2) What will
be the long term impact of multimodal transportation system on the residential
choice behavior of various household types, and how does this impact
household activity patterns? 3) Is it possible to develop a model which will allow
one to assess these effects?
The UGIS-project (Urban Governance, Social Inclusion and Sustainability) is a         3
cooperation of universities in 9 EU member-states. Research is done in 32
cities, including Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague. The focus is on
administrative processes and the involvement of divergent parties in the
realization and implementation of urban development programmes. In the
Netherlands Big Cities Policy and the European Community Initiative URBAN
are examined. Three research questions: 1.What have been the effects of urban
development programmes on social inclusion and social cohesion? 2.How have
certain forms of urban governance shaped these programmes, their definition,
their implementation and their successes and failures? 3.How has the presence
of these programmes changed urban governance and even stimulated (new)
forms of urban governance?
                                                                                      1


Wat is de positie van de lokale partijen die door de decentralisatie van het          1
volkshuisvestingbeleid meer verantwoordelijk zijn geworden voor de
volkshuisvesting? Vanwege de decentralisatie is er in toenemende mate
aandacht voor de lokale volkshuisvestingsmarkt. Gemeenten en
woningbouwverenigingen zijn een groeiende groep participanten wier
gezichtspunten tot nu toe in onderzoek nauwelijks aan bod kwamen. Zij zoeken
nieuwe wegen om hun rol en taken vorm te geven. Het benoemen van
onderlinge posities en het afbakenen van taken en verantwoordelijkheden zijn
momenteel de grootste vraagstukken in de lokale volkshuisvesting.

How are distances between home and work, to be covered by an individual               0
houshold, changing over time? How are these changes related to changes in the
household, the residential location and/or the location of the job? And how are
these changes related to physical, housing and traffic planning objectives? Many
attention is paid to the relation between changes in the household careers
(demographically, family-types, socio-economically) and the home-work distance
variation.
European integration brings about profound change in our political system. This       1
process includes essential modifications of collective spatial representations and
their mutual relationships. New territorial orders are striven for or resisted, by
which identities and places are arranged differently than before. National states
lose competencies and significance; national identities lose their supremacy
over other identities. On the other hand, supranational and subnational
governments acquire more and heavier administrative tasks, while a disputed
European territorial identity takes shape and local and regional identities are
given a new meaning. This project focuses on the influence of (sub)national
cultural features such as political culture, national identity and language on the
functioning of different level of governance in Europe.

                                                                                      1

Can capital city townscapes can be interpreted as morphological projections of        1
dominant regimes or as independent aesthetic design preferences?




                                                                                      1
                                                                                          1


Point of departure of this project is the contention that in a mobile urban society       2
visitor populations are a more relevant unit of analysis than residential
populations. Building upon this, the characteristics of visitor populations in the
Netherlands and the implications for a sustainable development are identified.




                                                                                          3

In accommodating ethnic and religious contrasts the state has several options:            0
elimination, marginalisation or institutionalisation (territorial and non-territorial).
In this subproject the relationship will be analysed between state formation and
religious diversity in the Netherlands since 1800, which can be characterised as
a switch from marginalisation to non-territorial institutionalisation, and compare
the Dutch experience with other European countries, with special attention to the
impact of the education system.

                                                                                          0

                                                                                          1
                                                                                          0

Onderzoek naar de relaties tussen stedelijke structuur, mobiliteit en ruimtelijk          3
beleid in Europese steden. Vergelijkende stedenstudie
This research seeks to discover the dynamics of different components as they              3
interact to support ageing well. Ageing well is a dynamic process that involves
the individual in his or her environment and culture, and reflects the resiliency
and adaptability of the individual to change across the life course into old age.

The research will investigate what conditions residential location and                    0
homeownership create for the coordination between cohabiting and married
partners in terms of their time expenditure on paid work and their commuting
distance, and for the carrying out of household tasks.



This PhD research studies boundaries drawn to innovative, deliberative                    1
practices in land use and planning in the Netherlands and the USA.

This project provides a comparison of boundaries drawn to innovative,                     3
deliberative, cooperation between government and non government in land use
and planning in rural areas in the USA and the Netherlands

De doelstelling van dit programma is het verkrijgen van inzicht in de effecten van        0
commitments in woon- en huishoudenscarrières, aangegaan in de periode van
jongvolwassenheid, voor het verdere verloop van woon- en arbeidscarrières, en
in het uiteenlopen van die effecten tussen verschillende contexten. De
probleemstelling luidt: Op welke wijze beïnvloeden commitments in woon- en
huishoudenscarrières, aangegaan in de periode van jongvolwassenheid, het
verdere verloop van woon- en arbeidscarrières, en op welke wijze verschilt deze
invloed tussen temporele en nationale contexten? Deze probleemstelling wordt
beantwoord in vijf deelprojecten: 1. De start van de huishoudens- en
wooncarrière in de periode van jongvolwassenheid. 2. De gevolgen van
commitments voor de arbeidscarrières van mannen en vrouwen. 3. De gevolgen
van het kopen van een huis voor de verhuismobiliteit. 4. De gevolgen van
commitments voor de situatie in de wooncarrière
Het analyseren van de bevolkingsdynamiek in deelmilieus van grotere stedelijke            1
regio's, met het accent op analyse van migratieprocessen en verandering in de
huisvestingssituatie. De bevolkingsdynamiek in relatief kleine deelmilieus van de
stedelijke regio wordt in dynamisch perspectief gevolgd en geïnterpreteerd
binnen het kader van veranderingen in de sfeer van economie,
huishoudvorming, staatsinvloed, en dergelijke.
An etnographic study among homeless rough sleepers. Who are they? How do                1
they live? Special attention for the diversity of the 'group' under study, as well as
for the role of the arrangements of the welfare state and welfare city. To what
extent are these arrangements influential for the character and composition of
the 'group'?
This project raises the question how living in a high poverty neighborhood limits       0
socio-economic mobility of individual residents through mechanisms of limited
opportunity structures and negative socialization.
Welke ontwikkelingen in de samenstelling van de bevolking zijn binnen de                1
diverse delen van het Amsterdamse stadsgewest vast te stellen? In hoeverre
zijn processen op de arbeidsmarkt en in hoeverre op de woningmarkt hierbij
verklarend? Welke rol spelen gemeentelijke overheden? Het proces van
suburbanisatie heeft de centrale stad nauw met het ommeland verbonden. Het
stadsgewest is hierdoor in toenemende mate geworden tot één woning- en
arbeidsmarkt, waarop de interne differentiatie aan belang wint. Tegelijkertijd
spelen gemeentelijke overheden, vooral op de woningmarkt van hun eigen
grondgebied, een belangrijke rol. Dit geeft gemeentelijke overheden de kans
een eigen positie in dit stadsgewestelijke krachtenveld te zoeken. Bij de
verklaring van de processen van uitsortering van de bevolking moet dit gehele
krachtenveld in de beschouwing betrokken worden.

                                                                                        3


                                                                                        0



                                                                                        1



In hoeverre is er in de Nederlandse steden sprake van segregatie? Welke rol             1
speelt het functioneren van de Nederlandse verzorgingsstaat hierbij? In
hoeverre is segregatie een probleem? Brengt segregatie de betrokken bewoners
in sociaal isolement? In hoeverre verhindert dit de sociale mobiliteit van de
betrokken bevolking? In hoeverre kan er gesproken worden van het ontstaan
van een 'onderklasse'?
                                                                                        1

                                                                                        1


NKPS is a data collection project on family ties and family solidarity in the           0
Netherlands, carried out jointly by the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic
Institute (NIDI), Utrecht University (UU), the University of Tilburg, and the
University of Amsterdam.
Onderzoeksproject naar het ontwerp- en planningsproces van de voorgenomen               1
vernieuwing van het Rotterdamse stationsgebied.

This research attempts to understand what consequences the land policy reform           1
has had for the city of Shanghai in its land use planning, land development and
the local real-estate market. And what the lessons for European projects are.



The research is aimed at the design of a framework for development of a long-           1
term strategy for port-city area transitions in the Western European context. By
this clear demarcation, it should be possible to find the factors dominant in
existing urban tran
Studies of asset management practice in the social rented sector in Australia           1
and various European countries.

The value of open space and scenic quality are not fully reflected in a market          2
value, mainly because open space and scenery are not tradable. They are
therefore external effects, which are not taken into account in the land market. In
the Netherlands, the
In dit onderzoek wordt gekeken naar de kenmerken van woningen, het
kwaliteitsbeleid van de overheid en de woonsatisfactie van bewoners in West-
Europa.
This research deals with questions on the - allegedly - problematic nature           3
associated with segregation of income groups, ethnic groups or other specific
groups. This is done by illustrating the relationship between housing choice, the
experiences of established residents and newcomers in concentration areas,
and the housing allocation system together with the distribution pattern of public
housing.

In dit promotie-onderzoek is de ontwikkeling in de potentiële en de                  1
geëffectueerde vraag naar duurdere koopwoningen over de periode 1975-1997
onderzocht op zowel huishouden- als macro-niveau. Met behulp van logistische
regressie- en tijdreeks-analyses zij
                                                                                     3

A method for housing associations to implement energy conservation in their          3
asset management, in order to come to an integration of energy conservation
measures into their maintenance and renovation practice
In this study, the concept of development planning ("ontwikkelingsplanologie" in
Dutch) will be considered in relationship to (regional) nodes of urban networks. A
number of countries are to be identified as examples in which the policy for, and
implementation of, the spatial design of regional nodes has been successfully
undertaken, and in which Dutch policy practice in elaborating the concept of
development planning may benefit from emulating the instruments,
arrangements and case studies presented. The emphasis is on urban planning
and administrative sciences. The study will also address spatial-economic and
legislative aspects.

In this research it is hypothesed that people attempt to organise their daily        1
activity patterns in such a way that it meets their needs and preferences. This
observation requires research to understand the variety of preferences for urban
form, and travel responses to it, within different sections of society. This
research adopts such a segmented approach and helps to identify acceptable
and effective policy responses to reduce travel.

Op welke wijze bepalen achterliggende motieven, attitudes en waarden de              1
woonvoorkeuren van huishoudens en welke rol spelen deze achterliggende
aspecten bij de woningkeuze?
Dit onderzoek moet inzicht verschaffen in de mate waarin, en de wijze waarop,        3
vijf lidstaten van de Europese Unie (EU; Duitsland, Ierland, Italië, Spanje en het
Verenigd Koninkrijk) het beginsel van vrijheid van vestiging van huishoudens in
hun woonruimteverdelingstelsels thans hanteren of in de toekomst zullen gaan
hanteren.

The aim of the research is to give an insight into the extent to which occupant      1
behaviour influences the environmental impact for dwellings




The research builds on the contemporary and emerging academic debate on              3
polycentricity, in particular on the level of polycentric urban regions, its/their
value and its/their usefulness for policy-making. This debate is strongly present
in academic reflections on the contemporary spatial organisation of urban
regions in modern advanced economies. The research sets out to clarify the
significance of a notion strongly connected to polycentricity, namely
complementarity, by making explicit in both a theoretical and empirical manner
the so-far implicit assumptions concerning complementarity

Algemeen wordt aangenomen dat verplaatsingsgedrag beïnvloed wordt door de            1
wijze van verstedelijken. Deze veronderstellingen liggen ten grondslag aan
compacte verstedelijking en de recente ideeën over netwerk- en corridorsteden.
De theoretische frames zijn echter slechts in beperkte mate getoetst. Met name
de afzonderlijke verstedelijkingsfactoren, zoals dichtheid, functiemenging of
fietsvriendelijkheid, zijn zelden adequaat geoperationaliseerd. In dit
promotieonderzoek wordt een comparatieve statistische studie naar dit thema
uitgevoerd, met als probleemstelling: welke verstedelijkingsfactoren, in
samenhang met het vervoersaanbod, en gecontroleerd voor kenmerken van het
individu, beïnvloeden het verplaatsingsgedrag en derhalve plaatsingspatronen,
in welke mate, op welke wijze, en onder welke condities?
Doelstelling van het onderzoek is het beschrijven en verklaren van de factoren        1
die ervoor zorgen dat wijken van problematische wijktypen probleemloos of zelfs
succesvol zijn.

Het zou wel eens zo kunnen zijn dat toekomstige generaties ouderen flink              3
vermogen onttrekken aan de eigen woning,
waardoor er tegen het einde van de levenscyclus weinig over is van het
vermogen dat was opgebouwd in de eigen woning. De hier geschetste
ontwikkelingen, mede gezien in het licht van de vergrijzing van de samenleving,
roepen vragen op over de bestedingsdoelen die ouderen voor ogen hebben voor
het in de eigen woning opgebouwde (rest)vermogen. De wijze waarop dit
vermogen, en dan met name het in de eigen woning opgebouwde vermogen,
wordt ingezet, staat centraal in dit onderzoek.

Het doel is om meer inzicht te verkrijgen in de partiële (locationele) waardering     1
van water als een onderdeel van de housing bundle van woonconsumenten en
het bepalen of waterrijk bouwen als meervoudig ruimtegebruik ruimtelijk en
economisch haalbaar is.
Aim of this study is to contribute to the conceptualisation and operationalisation    0 Habiforum
of the concept of quality of space as a living environment for human beings and
institutions. The used methods are desk research, expert meetings and content
analysis of policy documents.
                                                                                      0 URU

In recent years culture and the arts have been given a higher profile in the local    0 URU
policy of many cities. The arts, culture and tourism have become inextricably
linked to urban development. One of the projects within this theme is a research
project focused on urban clusters of museums: more specific on Museumsinsel
in Berlin (Germany) and Museumplein in Amsterdam (Netherlands). The project
has involved a seminar, a research/ advice and publication in order of the King
Baldwin Foundation in Brussel, as part of Brussel Cultural Capital of Europe
2000. Aim of this project is to get insight in the role (and function) of cultural
amenities and cultural consumption in the development of cities.

                                                                                      0 Universiteit

The widespread use of new Information and Communications Technologies                 0 Bsik, NS, URU
(ICT), greater opportunities for long distance commuting, and changes in
preferences for residential environments will have an impact on the locations of
homes and workplaces, working hours, and commuting distances. However,
current understanding of these driving forces is limited. This is also the case for
the impact of spatial configurations of land use. In turn, these changes will also
have consequences for the use of space. The main goal of this research project
is to ascertain the magnitude of future changes in the locational, temporal, and
travel demands of commuters, and the impact of these dynamics on spatial
configurations of urbanization.
The research projects comprise:
1. An analysis of the developments in the fragmentation of working hours and
work locations and changes in transport mode used by commuters that have
occurred in the last 15 years in the Netherlands.
2. An analysis of long distance commuting between European countries
3. An analysis of the individual strategies aimed at realizing occupational,
household, and residential achievements.
4. An analysis of the a line of changes in commuting on the use of space
This project is part ofimpactof research of the Utrecht research group on and         0 URU
geoinformation in which urban land use dynamics are studied and land use
models are developed. The aim of this study generate scientific knowledge
about urban land use dynamics in the Netherlands and Western Europe which
can be useful in urban theory and decision making about urbanisation strategies
and policies
                                                                                      0 Min. EZ, Min.
                                                                                          OCW, URU
The scientific objectives of the Ph.D.-proposal Urbanisation Pattern Dynamics in        0 Universiteit Utrecht
the Delta are threefold: To generate knowledge (empirical evidence, theoretical
interpretation and modelling) on past and future meso-level urbanisation pattern
dynamics in relation to urban policies. To use international comparative case
studies as a method to analyse spatial urban change (Randstad,
Rhein/Ruhrgebiet and Vlaamse Driehoek are the three cases). To develop and
apply a new methodology to analyse, evaluate, compare, predict and simulate
urbanisation patterns by integrating geo-IT based data management, modelling
and visualisation tools. The methodology that will be developed will consist of
the combined application of three geo-IT instruments: GIS (Idrisi & ARC/INFO),
a spatial simulation model based on the principle of Cellular Automata
(Leefomgevingsverkenner; Geonamica), and a model for performing network
analysis (TIGRIS). The most important deliverables of this research will be on
the one hand an enlarged and updated insight in and knowledge of urbanisation
processes of three international research regions. On the other hand, the
research will produce a new methodology with which analysis, simulation and
                                                                                        0 ITC
Via casestudies van een aantal geselecteerde steden in de USA achterhalen,              0 URU
wat de nieuwe elementen zijn in de inhoud en vormgeving van stedelijke
plannen en planning, en deze te toetsen aan inzichten over planning en
planologie. Methoden en technieken: case study
Regions differ in the size and structure of health care provision (inputs) and in       0 NIVEL, UM, RIVM
the health of their population (output). In this project we try to estimate
differences between Dutch regions in the efficiency of the transformation of
health care inputs into health outputs. The hypothesis is that regions with more
cohesion in the health care system are more efficient in transforming health care
inputs into health outputs.
The aim of the study is contribute to the analysis of institutional factors on health
care system performance
Methods : Application of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to health care data
from secondary sources
In regional geography the tension between globalisation and regionalisation is          0 URU
much discussed, but there are hardly long term systematic studies of
comparable regions. This project is part of ongoing research into the application
of the world-system approach to regional geography. Starting from the scale of
the world-system as a whole it is now focussing on lower scales. Now the
attention has shifted from the European level to the area between the Randstad,
the Ruhr area and Hamburg. This enables meaningful comparisons of the
influence of the national contexts in general and the border area in particular.
Aim is to analyse the interaction between developments in the world-system and
the specific situation in different West European regions.
Methods : Historical development and statistics, case-studies
It is envisioned that the geo-ICT is under-used for planning problems, while at         0 URU, EU-
the same time the quest for support for the handling of complex planning                  fundings, etc.
problems is growing

The aim of this ongoing project is to improve the knowledge and application of
geo-information technology for differential planning questions
A wide diversity of methods is applied to perform this research (Internet-based
inventories; case studies; joint publications; workshops; et cetera)

Ruimtelijke ongelijkheid komt in vrijwel alle steden ter wereld voor, maar het          0 URU/ITC/private
meest uitgesproken in de ontwikkelingslanden. De toenemende kloof tussen
woonbuurten van welgestelden en van minderbedeelden hebben beleidsmakers
er toe aangezet gebiedsgericht beleid te ontwikkelen. Het doel is de meest
achterblijvende buurten te helpen. In deze studie wordt een methode ontwikkeld
waarbij het gebruik van buurtindicatoren wordt gekoppeld met geografische
informatiesystemen (GIS) om een betrouwbaar instrument te krijgen om het
probleem in kaart te brengen en oplossingen aan te dragen. De methode is
toegepast voor de stad Rosario in Argentinië. Aangetoond wordt hoe op GIS
gebaseerde buurtindicatoren verschillende aspecten van ongelijkheid kunnen
berekenen en in kaart brengen. Het gaat dan om zaken als leefkwaliteit en
bereikbaarheid van sociale voorzieningen. De ongelijkheidsituatie kan zo
objectief vastgesteld en gevolgd worden. De uitkomsten geven aan dat er in
Rosario sprake is van duidelijke sociaal-ruimtelijke verschillen en van
polarisatie. Alleen de bereikbaarheid van sociale voorzieningen lijkt in het
voordeel van de achtergestelde buurten te werken. Het gecombineerde gebruik
                                                                                       0 CONACYT,
                                                                                         Mexico




                                                                                       0 Private




Context : Pressure on rural resources, necessity for intensification of agricultural   0 URU, Sahel
production and possibility to produce for urban and international markets; retreat       account
of government intervention and liberalising national context.
Aim is to understand the potential and problems of more intensive production in
a changing context (market oriented, without government steering); To advise
donors on rural projects in areas concerned
Methods : Review of literature, analysis of (locally and elsewhere) available
statistics local research (surveys and interviews)

The contex of this study is formed by the fast increasing urban population,            0 URU, Sahel
concentration in capital cities, new role secondary cities and changing migration        account
patterns.
Aim of this study is to understand the effects of national economic and political
change within a globalising context on urban growth and development
Methods: Review of literature, analysis of (locally and elsewhere) available
statistics, comparison with earlier publications, local interviews

In het Kerinci district heeft de lokale bevolking op basis van inheemse kennis         0 KNAW/URU
een economisch hoogwaardig landbouwsysteem ontwikkeld, dat een bosachtige
structuur imiteert. Deze structuren krijgen om goede redenen steeds meer
aandacht als een manier om armoedebestrijding en protectie van biodiversiteit
rond nationale parken te waarborgen. Door deze bosachtige structuren in de
bufferzone van een nationaal park te promoten, ontstaat een overgangszone die
inzit tussen echt bos en pure landbouwvelden, en bevat een bepaald percentage
aan biodiversiteit. Het systeem zelf zegt echter nog niets over de manier waarop
een boer met dit systeem in al zijn levensbehoeften kan voorzien. Daarom is
management van cruciaal belang, en daarmee samenhangend de manier
waarop de boeren toegang hebben tot diverse hulpbronnen om deze
bosstructuren te beheren op een dusdanige manier, dat het bosachtige karakter
in stand gehouden kan worden. Het betalen van boeren voor environmental
services , een hot issue in het internationale debat over milieubescherming, kan
daarom een averechts effect hebben, omdat door meer inkomen een
intensievere vorm van landbouw kan ontstaan, zoals de verbouw van groentes
                                                                                       0 CONACYT




                                                                                       0 URU

                                                                                       0 URU


Which processes of change and deterioration took place within large scale post-        0 RESTATE
war living-areas in Dutch cities in general and specificaly the city of Utrecht?
How can these processes be explained? And: to what extend are social
(goverment) interventions capable of breaking through these
deteriorationprocesses? The primary aim is to get insight in neighbourhood
changing processes within large scale post-war living-areas in Dutch cities in
general and breaking of these deterioration processes in specific. Methods :
Analyses of literature, survey, interviews.
This is a pilot study of the Project on the politics of spatial segmentation. It will   0 URU
comprise of an analysis of spatial segmentation and its politics in the Bangkok
(Thailand) region. This project specifically wants to inform the Dutch debates on
spatial change by comparing Dutch developments with an Asian situation.

The total number of second homes owned by the Dutch in France appears to be             0 URU
a mystery as the number reported in the Dutch press varies from a low of 70,000
up to a high of 250,000. Neither the Dutch nor the French authorities or census
bureaus have appropriate data. According to the French treasury the total of all
foreign purchases of houses in France amounted to almost 8 billion guilders (3.6
billion Euros) in 2000 demonstrating the importance of this economic sector.
The main objective of the study is to gain insight in the development of the flow
of Dutch house purchases in France since 1990. The second objective concerns
the reasons why these persons chose for France and not for other countries and
if this choice met their expectations.
Currently, redevelopment of urban public spaces takes place in many Western             0 URU, BSIK
cities. Due to several societal changes (demography, migration, ageing, etc.) not
all of the existing urban public spaces do meet the current standards any longer,
and as a consequence urban redevelop-ment programmes appear to be
necessary. The main assumption behind these restructuring programmes is the
idea that the physical redesign of public spaces influences the attractiveness of
and access to (and consequently the use of) these spaces. This PhD research
examines this relation between urban redevelopment and the use of public
space in Dutch inner cities (perhaps in contrast to public spaces in Belgian
and/or English inner cities). The main goal of this research is to gain insights into
what extent urban redevelopment of the public spaces of a city influences the
use of these public spaces. The used methods are field survey and policy
analysis supported by semi-conducted interviews with key persons engaged in
the redevelopment of public space, and observations of instrumental practice
and use of public space.
The housing options of ethnic minorities are restricted by a lack of financial and      3 3 (DGW/NETHUR-
other resources. Therefore, many ethnic groups members are not able to satisfy            project)
their housing preferences. At the same time, the results from several studies
suggest that there are not many differences with the housing preferences of the
Dutch. The difference between ambition and reality is therefore much bigger for
ethnic minorities than for the Dutch. However, in recent years the heterogeneity
of the ethnic minorities has augmented in cultural as well as in socio-economic
terms. It may be expected that successful members of the ethnic minorities will
be better able to realize their housing preferences. The question is whether
these preferences resemble the housing preferences of the Dutch or reflect the
cultural background of minorities.
Which processes of change and deterioration took place within large scale post-         0 RESTATE
war living-areas in Dutch cities in general and specificaly the city of Utrecht?
How can these processes be explained? And: to what extend are social
(goverment) interventions capable of breaking throuhg these
deteriorationprocesses? The primary aim is to get insight in neighbourhood
changing processes within large scale post-war living-areas in Dutch cities in
general and breaking of these deterioration processes in specific. The methods
used are: analyses of literature, survey and interviews.

                                                                                        3 3 (DGW/NETHUR-
                                                                                          project)


                                                                                        0 URU

An ongoing project on demography driven housing market simulation models.               0 URU
Modelling the feed-back relations between household demography and housing
market development is the main aim of this study.
This study will involve the functional design of micro- and macro-simulation
models of households and housing

In dit onderzoek wordt antwoord gezocht op de volgende vragen 1. Wat zijn               0 URU
woonwensen van koopkrachtige huishoudens? 2. Welke mogelijkheden zijn er,
gegeven de structurele kenmerken van activiteiten- en verplaatsingenpatronen
van deze huishoudens, het vervoermiddelgebruik op nieuwbouwlokaties te
beïnvloeden? 3. Welke financiële, politieke en bestuurlijke mogelijkheden zijn er
om milieuvriendelijke lokaties te ontwikkelen? Methoden en technieken:
enquête, simulatie
                                                                                       0 SYLFF, NOW
                                                                                         Travel
                                                                                         Fund, URU


Research on the relationship between urban form and travel behaviour usually           0 URU
focuses on single facets such as mode choice or trip frequency of individuals.
However, travel is a derivative of activity participation, and activity patterns are
the outcome of a household decision and allocation process. Therefore, the
effects of urban form on activities and travel are studied on the household level,
focusing especially on issues such as task allocation, joint participation in
activities and vehicle negotiation. The relationship between residential location
and activity/travel patterns is studied in mutual coherence in an attempt to
disentangle the effects of residential self-selection. The aim is to assess to what
extent the configuration of land use and transport infrastructure affects the
generation and scheduling of activities at the household level .
It is increasingly recognised that individuals have to combine multiple tasks in       0 URU
their daily lives. Consequently, accessibility cannot be regarded in the context of
single activities, as the opportunity to engage in one activity depends on
decisions made about other activities. Accessibility should therefore be defined
as the opportunity for a person to realise his/her activity programme as a whole.
Aim of this this study is the development of a modelling approach that describes
individuals time allocation, activity participation and trip behaviour, which can be
used to express the accessibility of an urban setting to an individual, given
his/her activity programme.

New Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are believed by many             0 URU
to render geography and accessibility in the physical world irrelevant. We think,
however, that physical accessibility continues to be important in the Information
Age, because ICTs cannot relieve people from all space-time constraints and
even create new limitations on interaction. To understand the complicated
relationships between space-time accessibility and ICTs, we extend the
framework of the action space, which is the area in which people undertake
activities or could do so if they wished. The project is a continuation of a project
for the STELLA thematic network, a trans-Atlantic network which aims to
stimulate cooperation between North-American and European transportation
researchers. We intend to write a trans-Atlantic research program about this
issue and to organize an expert-meeting with leading researcher in the field in
the Fall of 2004. The aim of this study is to assess to what extent ICTs affect
space-time, prism-based accessibility.
In this study we want to analyse the influence of characteristics of travellers and    0 URU
the space-time context on long distance travelling (more than 75 kilometres from
the home base). We also want to develop an activity-based accessibility model
to study the potentials for the development of long distance travelling in the
West European Delta region (Randstad Holland, Flemish Diamond and the
Rheinschiene in North Rhine Westphalia). With this simulation model we can
analyse the consequences these potentials could have for the use of space for
functions which attract long distance travellers. For this purpose, we use data
from existing travel databases and a survey with long distance travellers in the
Delta region. We will use multi variate analyses and GIS in this project. In this
project accessibility maps (for each transport mode and different parts of the
West European Delta), suitability maps (the level of suitability of each accessible
destination is determined) and land use maps are produced. Besides, scenarios
for future development in volume, structure and other characteristics of long
distance travel in the Delta will be analysed. In a related post-doc project these
future demands a series of geo-information technology of other land use
The study fits in on space are confronted with demandsbased urban projects             0 URU, GIS
which form a part of the interdisciplinary Networks in the Delta programme of the
Faculty of Geographical Sciences. International comparative research of urban
land use and mobility pattern dynamics is the principal scope of these projects.
Aim : To study the changing meaning of distance for locational quality differ-
entiation and urbanisation pattern dynamics in the Randstad, Rhein/Ruhr and
Flemish Diamond regions. Methods : The development of locational quality and
accessibility surfaces as tools to analyse and model urban growth and change in
a new urban-economic location theory framework.
The lives of people and the workings of organisations based in cities are           0 NWO
increasingly independent of urban physical and administrative boundaries. At the
same time, and quite paradoxically, human physical contacts appear
increasingly important for many urban activities. The combination of these two
trends means that places where mobility flows interconnect - what we call
'mobility environments' - have a unique development potential, for they can grant
a unique diversity and frequency of physical human interaction. This project
explores this potential by matching development programmes and activity and
mobility patterns of visitors.
This is the follow up of research from 1990-1996, with new datasets. With a         0 Min. van VROM
combination of land use statistics and detailed address information urban
environments are classified and calculations with density and segregation. The
development is analysed in the perspective of the Dutch policy goals in the
physical planning. The aim of this study is the development of density,
segregation and combinations of urban functions in all the urban areas in The
Netherlands. The methods used are multivariable statistical analysis and
Geographical Information Systems.
Heritage management of public pasts in Africa                                       0
The retreat of agriculture and the effects on the identity of places                0
HIV / AIDS and gender in Indonesia. An objective of the project is to provide a     0
manual about gender theories with special regard to demographic behaviour for
the research program called HERA (Healthy Reproduction Research for Action).

Analysis of barriers in visitability of spaces for people, notably disabled.        0
Development of new techniques for the analysis of life history calendar data        0
collected as part of demographic and health surveys
City branding                                                                       0
Comparison and evaluation of strategic policy documents concerning the
exploration of future developments of Middle sized urban centres in the
Netherlands
Regional labour market dynamics and the gender employment gap                       0
Study of adolescents‟ health viewed from the life course perspective and within     0
the socio-economic and cultural context of rural Bangladesh
HIV / Aids risk perception among migrants in Goa, India                             0
The role and significance of landscape as heritage                                  0
The completion of a conservation plan for the city of Perugia                       0
Heritage or demolition: future of the Hutong in Beijing                             0
Perspectives of reproductive health in Karnataka, India                             0
Industrial heritage in urban regeneration                                           0
How does migration affect the living conditions of people? A study of internal      0
migration in Indonesia based on the Indonesian Family Life Surveys.

The life course of intentional communities in peripheral areas in Western Europe    0
The performance of the Investment budget Urban Renewal                              0
This project focusses on the analysis of processes of convergence and               0 Samenwerkingsver
divergence and adjustment on regional labour markets and regional labour                band Nrd-
market forecasting.                                                                     Nederland, CWI
                                                                                        nrd nederland,
                                                                                        Provincies
                                                                                        Groningen,
                                                                                        Friesland, Drenthe


Development of demographic-statistical models for the analysis of life histories.   0
Life history data are collected retrospectively or prospectively (panel)

Development of demographic-statistical models for the estimation of the burden      0
of lung diseases in Nepal and the cost-effectiveness of respiratory care
guidelines
Spatial homogamy: geographical dimensions of the partner market in the              0
Netherlands
Heritage interpretation in multicultural societies
A regional perspective on housing in the A7-zone                                    0
Philosophical foundations of research activities in public planning                 0
Imprisoned geographies-contested places of long-term confinement. This                0
research explores the exact and symbolic meaning of prisons for the formation
of identity of prisoners and prison staff in the US, Netherlands and Germany

The management and interpretation of public pasts                                     0
Qualitative methods in demography and reproductive health                             0
Quality of living areas nearby highways                                               0
Reproductive health among religious minorities in India and Bangladesh                0
The reproductive career of high educated Indian and Dutch women
Research-based health educational campaign on reproductive health and child           0
spacing. Following project HERA1
The life course of intentionally separated communities in peripheral areas in         0
Western Europe
Living in the past: an inquiry into the residential function in the conserved built   0 International
environment                                                                               consortia on
                                                                                          „European
                                                                                          heritage planning
                                                                                          and management‟
                                                                                          and „Comparative
                                                                                          European Urban
                                                                                          Conservation‟



The dynamics of regional identity: an inquiry into processes of regional
differentiation in the Netherlands in the period 1950-2000
Investigation of integration and coordination problems of regional and local water
management and land use planning
The operationalisation of the concept of „world heritage‟                             0
StartingYear FinalYear     PhDResearch
       1999                      1




       2002         2005          0




       2003         2007          0



       2001         2007          2




                                  0




       1998         2004          0




       1998         2004          0
                        1




                        1

1994                    1

2002             2006   0




1998             2003   2




       Ongoing          1
2002   2005   1




2000   2005   0




1999   2003   0




2001   2005   1
2001             2005   1




                        1




       Ongoing          1

       Ongoing          1




       Ongoing          1



1997             2004   0




                        1
1999   2003   0




2001   2005   0




2003   2007   0


1997          1




1999   2002   0




              2




              1

              1



              1
              1


2002   2005   0




2002   2003   2

              2




              2

              2
1995          2

2000   2005   0
2002   2006   0



2004   2008   0




2003   2006   0

2004          2


2002   2005   0




1993          1
1998           2003   0



                      2

                      1




2000           2005   0


                      2



1987                  1



1993                  1




                      1

                      1


2002           2008   2


2000           2009   1

2001           2006   0



2004           2008   0


2001 Ongoing          1

2004           2008   0
2000   2006   0

2003          1




1994   2004   0


2004   2008   0

2004   2008   0

2004   2007   1




2004   2008   0




2004   2007   0

2003   2004   1




2004   2008   0



2003   2006   0




1998   2006   0
2004   2007   0


2003   2004   1




2005   2008   1


2000   2004   2


2000   2006   2

2000   2005   2




1989          2

2004   2008   2




1995   2005   2




2004   2008   2
2001   2005   0




              2
              2


2000   2004   2




              2




1997   2004   1




2001   2005   0
           2004         2008   2




           2004         2008   2




3 years                        1




2 years                        1




           2001         2004   0




           2003         2007   2




                               2

           2004         2007   2


          Sep-03 May 2006      2
March 2004     July 2004          2



        2003               2005   2




        2003               2007   2




        2003               2004   2




        2003               2006   2




        2002               2005   2


                                  2

        2000               2006   2




                                  2
2002   2004   2



2003   2005   2




2002   2005   2




2003   2005   2




2002   2005   0




2001   2005   2
2002              2005   0




                         2




                  2010   2
       Ongoing           1
                  2005   2


       Ongoing           2
                  2005   0
                  2007   1
       Unknown           2

                  2009   0
                  2003   0
                  2007   0
       2007, ongoing     1
                  2004   1
                  2007   2
                  2006   1
                  2008   1
                  2007   0

       March 2007        0
       End 2002          1
       Ongoing           1




       Ongoing           1

                  2005   0

                  2009   0
                  2006   1
                  2005   1
       Ongoing           0
            2007   1


            2005   1
Ongoing            1
            2005   0
            2008   0
            2005   0
            2006   1
March 2007         0
January 2004       0




June 2003          0
Spring 2003        0
July 2004          0
Theme: Innovation and Dynamics of Spatial-Economic Development
TitleENG                       Naam                        NaamOrg
Second-generation              prof.dr. R.C. Kloosterman   Universiteit van Amsterdam
immigrant entrepreneurs




POLYNET : Sustainable          prof.dr. R.C. Kloosterman   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Management of European
Polycentric Mega-City
Regions




Glocal hot spots:          prof.dr. P.P. Tordoir           Universiteit van Amsterdam
metropolitan bussiness
centres and international
networks. Market dynamics,
infrastructure development
and governance
Sociale binding in nieuwe       prof.dr. S. Musterd        Universiteit van Amsterdam
wijken: wenselijk, mogelijk?




Project: Spatial Divisions of prof.dr. R.C. Kloosterman    Universiteit van Amsterdam
Labour in an Advanced
Polycentric urban
Configuration: The Evolution
of the Audiovisual Industry
in the Randstad, The
Netherlands
Substitution and the effects                               Technische Universiteit
of spatial structure in                                    Eindhoven

models of shop selection
Effect van vastgoed op        prof.ir. H. Jonge            Technische Universiteit Delft
prestatie van de organisatie




Housing markets, property       prof.dr. P.J. Boelhouwer   Technische Universiteit Delft
prices and locational
preferences - a comparison
between European
metropolitan areas

Spatial efficiency of           prof.dr. D.B. Needham      Technische Universiteit Delft
production processes



Transport networks and          prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus     Technische Universiteit Delft
urban structure on different
scales
Social Implications of Urban prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus        Technische Universiteit Delft
Restructuring and Forced
Relocation

Sustainable solutions for       prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus     Technische Universiteit Delft
Dutch housing




Leidsche Rijn Monitor           prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht




Long term effects of life       prof.dr. C.H. Mulder       Universiteit Utrecht
events on housing careers




The importance of housing       prof.dr. R. van Kempen     Universiteit Utrecht
systems in safeguarding
social cohesion in Europe
Spatial evolution of ICT        prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht
firms in the Netherlands
Coping with coupling                                    Universiteit Utrecht
constraints: The timing of
activities and travel in
uncertain environments




De prijsvorming van             prof.dr. J.G. Lambooy   Universiteit Utrecht
woningen op verontreinigde
grond
The rise of global contract     dr. L.J. van Grunsven   Universiteit Utrecht
manufacturing and services
in the process of changing
MNC organization and
outsourcing/-divestment of
internationalized activities.
An analysis of spatial
dynamics in the EU and
South East Asia
Restructuring of                 dr. L.J. van Grunsven      Universiteit Utrecht
globalization-driven export
production complexes in
first and second generation
Southeast Asian NICs: and
evolutionary perspective




Globalization: the other story                              Universiteit Utrecht




Economic evolution of the        prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht
Utrecht inner city




Residential mobility and                                    Universiteit Utrecht
housing choice




Entrepreneurship in rural     prof.dr. E. Wever             Universiteit Utrecht
areas. Agricultural heritage,
new economic activities and
rural development
Spatial deconcentration of     prof.dr. F.M. Dieleman   Universiteit Utrecht
economic land use and
quality of life in European
metropolitan (SELMA)




Monitoring and analyses of     prof.dr. H.F.L. Ottens   Universiteit Utrecht
urbanization with GIS
methods

Development of a GIS-kit       dr. T. de Jong           Universiteit Utrecht
with social-geographic tools
(Flowmap)



Network analysis and GIS       dr. J. Ritsema van Eck   Universiteit Utrecht
Electronic highway and         prof.dr. J.G. Lambooy    Universiteit Utrecht
cumulative attraction of
inner-cities




The dynamics of the            prof.dr. E. Wever        Universiteit Utrecht
regional economy

Mexican sugar cane             prof.dr. O. Verkoren     Universiteit Utrecht
production and -processing
in an era of trade
liberalization
Long-term evolution of          prof.dr. R.A. Boschma    Universiteit Utrecht
regions. An evolutionary
approach to the
restructuring of old industrial
regions in Europe




Differential regional            dr. A.C.M. van Westen   Universiteit Utrecht
development in South East
Asia




The spatial formation of the     prof.dr. R.A. Boschma   Universiteit Utrecht
automobile industry in the
United Kingdom
Dynamics of industry          prof.dr. R.A. Boschma      Universiteit Utrecht
clusters in international
value systems




The impact of diversity on    prof.dr. R.A. Boschma      Universiteit Utrecht
spatial dynamics in the
Netherlands 1996-2002




Regional determinants of      prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht
logistic innovations supply
chains




Regional economic             prof.dr. E. Wever          Universiteit Utrecht
dynamics
Fading frontiers? Local       prof.dr. O. Verkoren        Universiteit Utrecht
development and cross-
border partnerships in South-
West Amazonia




Micro-finance, local        prof.dr. O. Verkoren          Universiteit Utrecht
development and livelihoods
in the Philippines

Local economic                  prof.dr. O. Verkoren      Universiteit Utrecht
development and
governance in a changing
political-administrative
context: the case of
southern Bolivia and
northern Argentina


Local responses to              prof.dr.ir. P. Vellinga   Universiteit Utrecht
international economic
restructuring. The case of
Coahuila, Mexico
Innovation, networks and        dr. K. Frenken             Universiteit Utrecht
the creation of knowledge




Regional innovation             prof.dr. R.A. Boschma      Universiteit Utrecht
systems in the Netherlands




Shifting preferences in         prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht
business
locations: spatial effects of
radical innovation in the
Netherlands




Complexity theory and                                      Universiteit Utrecht
evolutionary economics:
theory, models and
applications




The geography of                Leydesdorff                Universiteit Utrecht
knowledge production
The spatial effects of          prof.dr. J. van Weesep   Universiteit Utrecht
economic globalization in
Budapest, Istanbul and
Warsaw


Firm closure and exit         dr. V.A.J.M. Schutjens     Universiteit Utrecht
strategies from a life course
perspective




The performance of team         dr. V.A.J.M. Schutjens   Universiteit Utrecht
start-ups




The spatial formation of the    prof.dr. J.G. Lambooy    Universiteit Utrecht
software sector in the
Netherlands




Embeddedness of inter-firm prof.dr. J.G. Lambooy         Universiteit Utrecht
relationship in the
Netherlands




The young firm panel            dr. V.A.J.M. Schutjens   Universiteit Utrecht
Testbed Geospatial Data         prof.dr. M.J. Kraak    Universiteit Utrecht
Infrastructure (T-GDI)




Gentrification, housing stock prof.dr. J. van Weesep   Universiteit Utrecht
processes and
neighbourhood change
Entrepreneurship and          J.M.T. Stam              Universiteit Utrecht
enterprise development in
context




Urbanisation and local          prof.dr. O. Verkoren   Universiteit Utrecht
(economic) development in
a globalizing world
Restructuring large-scale     prof.dr. R. van Kempen   Universiteit Utrecht
housing-estates in
European cities: Good
practices and new visions
for sustainable
neighbourhoods and cities
(RESTATE)




Internet based Geo-ICT        dr. S. Geertman          Universiteit Utrecht
tools development and
application




NexpRI: Netherlands           dr. S. Geertman          Universiteit Utrecht
Expertise Centre for
Geographical Information
FLOWMAP: Development          dr. J. Floor             Universiteit Utrecht
of a GIS-based toolbox
emphasizing on specific
topics in spatial planning


Impact of urban form on      dr. T. Schwanen           Universiteit Utrecht
travel behavior and time use

Multi-agent model of land     dr.ir. D.F. Ettema       Universiteit Utrecht
use and travel behaviour
ICT and the evolution of    prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht
urban areas in the
Netherlands




Daily travel and activity   prof.dr. F.M. Dieleman     Universiteit Utrecht
patterns




Firm exists and its         dr. V.A.J.M. Schutjens     Universiteit Utrecht
entrepreneurial
consequences




Railway development         dr. J. Floor               Universiteit Utrecht
impacts on cities as
locations for firms and
households
E-shopping and its impact    prof.dr. M.J. Dijst           Universiteit Utrecht
on personal travel behaviour




Assessing the impact of         prof.dr. T.J.M. Spit       Universiteit Utrecht
dynamic travel information
on the travel behaviour of
individuals for recreational
activities

Assessing the medium term prof.dr. F.M. Dieleman           Universiteit Utrecht
effects of multimodal
transportation networks: the
generation of activity
patterns




Survival of new firms           prof.dr. E. Wever          Universiteit Utrecht
The evolution of the Dutch      prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht
fashion design industry: on
the role of location in
entrepreneurial networks
and firm performance
The dynamics of the          dr. L.J. van Grunsven      Universiteit Utrecht
Singapore and Malaysian
apparel industry in global
commodity chains and
production networks:
evolutionary trajectories




Entrepreneurship and                                    Universiteit Utrecht
enterprise development in
context




New combinations in the      prof.dr. O.A.L.C. Atzema   Universiteit Utrecht
development of industries:
Innovation, entrepreneurs
and enterprises in the
genesis of the Dutch ICT
industry
ICT and activity and travel                                  Universiteit Utrecht
partners




BLUGREK                                                      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

CBSLAB                        prof.dr. J. van Dijk           Rijksuniversiteit Groningen


CULTEC                        prof.dr. P.H. Pellenbarg       Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

EPI-INDIA                     prof.dr.ir. F.J.C. Willekens   Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
FIRMAGGLO                     prof.dr. L.J.G. van Wissen     Rijksuniversiteit Groningen



LABREG                        prof.dr. P.H. Pellenbarg       Rijksuniversiteit Groningen



LIVECITIES                    prof.dr. G. de Roo             Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

MOBSPACE                                                     Rijksuniversiteit Groningen


SMALLREG                      prof.dr. J. van Dijk           Rijksuniversiteit Groningen



SPATIMAGE                     prof.dr. P.H. Pellenbarg       Rijksuniversiteit Groningen




FIRMBIRTH                     prof.dr. L.J.G. van Wissen     Rijksuniversiteit Groningen



MIGREUROP                     prof.dr. P.H. Pellenbarg       Rijksuniversiteit Groningen



OLDFIRMS                      prof.dr. P.H. Pellenbarg       Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Economic Development
       Context                                                  Funding Flow       Funding Flow2 Aim   Methods   StartingYear
       The research project aims at offering a systematic                      1
       view on the changing character of immigrant
       entrepreneurship in the Netherlands by focusing at
       the second-generation immigrant entrepreneurs
       and to combine literature on immigrant
       entrepreneurship with literature on the integration
       of second-generation immigrants.

       With a lead partner from the United Kingdom                             0                                         2003
       (Institute of Community Studies), and a total of 8
       partners from the UK, Belgium, France, Ireland, the
       Netherlands and Switzerland, POLYNET examines
       changes in functional connections and information
       flows (physical/transportation and virtual/ICT).
       Lasting more than 3 years, the project‟s objectives
       are: i) to investigate how the modern phenomena
       of business decentralisation and spatial
       concentration are affecting patterns of network
       flows for urban services in seven major NWE
       polycentric „Global-Mega-City-Regions‟ or
       „gateways‟ in 6 NWE countries; ii) to analyse the
       impact on changes in patterns of network
       behaviour on information flows across the NEW
       and EU; iii) to investigate the effect of behaviour in
       one city-region on others (intra-regional, inter-
       regional); and iv) structure these activities within a
       geographically-specific research framework that
       will have a transnational relevance and potential
       impact. The project participants will undertake
       quantitative analyses of personal movements,
       business network connections and
       telecommunications traffic, as well as a qualitative
       analysis of business linkages, with the aim of
       The research project Glocal hot spots is part of the                    0
       wider research programme “Between competition
       and complementarity: the relation between
       infrastructure, economic space and governance”,
       carried out by the Amsterdam Study Centre for the
       Metropolitan Environment between 2004 and 2007.
       The goal of the wider programme is to
       fundamentally understand the triangle relationship
       between spatial economic development,
       infrastructure development (or accessibility) and
       institutional (governance-)practices in the
       metropolitan context. Within this programme,
       Glocal hot spots is a focussed and action-oriented
       study of internationally oriented economic activities
       and business centres in the context of the
       metropolitan and international network economy.
       The goal of the Glocal hot spots study is to
       understand the location dynamics („hot spot
       development‟) of internationally oriented business
       and the development process of international
       business districts in metropolitan regions, as these
       are linked with infrastructure networks
       development at the international and local levels.
       The research will focus on four „hot spots‟ for these
       economic sectors: the north wing of the Randstad
Allelei trends lijken er op te duiden dat sociale       2   2003
binding niet meer van deze tijd is; het belang van
de woonbuurt als territiriaal integratiekader zou te
vluchtig worden. Toch blijken bewoners veel
waarde te hechten aan hun woonbuurt. En ook
vanuit de samenleving wordt steeds meer de
nadruk gelefd op het belang van integratie. Juist
t.a.v. nieuwe of vernieuwde buurten, veelal
ontworpen met de gerichtehid op sociale mening,
bestaan in dit opzicht hoge ambities. Tevens wordt
in het project onderzocht in hoeverre een
verschillende inrichting van de fysieke
woonomgeving van invloed is op sociale binding.
Daarbij wordt gedacht aan twee typen nieuwe
wijken: een grootschalige Vinexwijk buiten of aan
de rand van de stad en een kleinschaliger nieuwe
herstructureringswijk binnen de stadsgrenzen.
This project is aimed at unravelling the                1   2002
interrelationship between the organisational and
spatial patters of the audiovisual companies in the
Randstad region in the Netherlands.




                                                        1


De aandacht voor het management van                     1   2001
ondernemingsvastgoed (corporate real estate) is
de laatste jaren toegenomen. Helaas richt de
aandacht in financiële zin zich tot op heden vooral
op de contante waarde en de restwaarde van
vastgoed en op de kosten per vi


In a follow up project the aim is to analyse the        1   2001
housing markets, residential property value
formation and housing preferences with respect to
the locational factors in various European
metropolitan areas: Helsinki, Amsterdam,
Rotterdam, The Hague and Bud



A firm uses land, labour, capital and information for   2   2004
its production processes. Much research has been
conducted into how firms try to ensure that they
use labour and capital efficiently and how they
manage information and knowledge flows, also into
how f

The first general research objective is to gain real    2   2001
insight in the way transport networks and urban
structure influence each other. The focus of
research is in particular on the way the nature of
the relation between transport networks and urban
structure is different on different scales and on the
role transport flows and services in this.Second, in
view of the fragmentation of the research field, the
second objective is to define an approach that
integrates concepts and knowledge from both
transportation research and urban design and
urban research.
This research project evaluates the social climate                                2001
and social capital of neighbourhoods that have
been transformed by restructuring. The research is
conducted at several locations in Rotterdam, The
Hague, Utrecht and Enschede.

This thesis makes clear that short-term                 1                         2000
environmental benefits in sustainable housing
construction are rather limited. Renewal of the post-
war housing stock offers excellent changes for
improvement of the environmental performance of
housing. With a newly developed method it is
proven that renovation causes less environmental
impacts than demolition followed by new
construction. However, at the same time the
usefulness of Life Cycle Assessment for buildings
is doubted.
The planning and development of Leidsche Rijn           0 URU          Aim of     1999
will be followed over a period of ten years on the
base of annual reports.                                                this
Aim of this research is to confront the planning                       research
goals with the actual developments                                     is to
                                                                       confront
                                                                       the
                                                                       planning
                                                                       goals
                                                                       with the
                                                                       actual
                                                                       developm
                                                                       ents
Hebben tijdsaspecten van levensgebeurtenissen           0 URU                     2000
die mensen meemaken, invloed hebben op waar
zij wonen? Deze vraag staat centraal in dit
onderzoek. Het bleek dat zowel vroeger als nu de
geboorte van een kind vaak een reden is om naar
een koophuis of een eengezinswoning te
verhuizen. Het onderzoek is verricht vanuit een
levensloopperspectief. Gedurende hun leven
bouwen mensen een geschiedenis op, die mede
bepaalt welke mogelijkheden er nog voor de
toekomst zijn. Dat geldt ook in de wooncarrière:
waar men heeft gewoond en wat men verder nog
heeft meegemaakt, bepaalt voor een deel waar
men nu woont en waar men waarschijnlijk in de
toekomst terecht zal komen. Deze studie draagt bij
aan inzicht in de mogelijke invloed van allerlei
tijdsvariaties in levensgebeurtenissen op
individuele wooncarrières. Dat is van belang om
het woonperspectief van huishoudens in de
toekomst te kunnen schetsen.


                                                        3 3 (EU)                  2003


A descriptive analysis of the spatial concentration     1          1
and clustering of ICT firms in the Netherlands. The
aim is to follow the changes in the spatial, market
and technical concentration of the ICT firms in the
Netherlands. Information will be collected making
use of fieldwork surveys and indepth-interviews.
Time geography analyses the impact of space-time         0 NOW           2003
constraints on activity participation. Coupling
constraints are one type of constraints, which have
become more important in today's society. This
project re-considers the meaning and impact of
coupling constraints on activity participation and
space-time accessibility in situations of uncertain
travel times and activity duration. The applicability
of cumulative prospect theory specifically designed
as a theory of people s behaviour under uncertainty
to travellers coping with coupling constraints is
assessed. The research concentrates on the
workday activity-scheduling process of adults from
two-worker families, and consists of three parts.
Using in-depth interviews, the first part will provide
insights in the ranges of time-points associated
with coupling constraints. Based on this, anchor
locations focal points in activity-scheduling
behaviour other than the home and workplace will
be identified. The second part consists of choice
experiments investigating how travellers would
react to uncertainty in the activity/travel
environment. The third part integrates the results
from previous phases. An existing space-time
                                                         0 IWACO/Royal   2001
                                                           Haskoning

As large MNCs in several industries have                 1           1
increasingly outsourced non-core and low-value
added activities of the value chain and have
divested facilities around the globe, a new type of
multinational, the contract manufacturing and
services firm, has grown phenomenally. It is part of
the recent evolutionary trends in the area of (inter-
)firm networks. Although many such firms have by
now a global presence, little research has been
carried out on their growth/evolution from their
origin, in terms of mode of growth, value chain
activities, geographical expansion etc. By now
contributing a large share of assembly in the global
electronics industry, research into these aspects is
directed to an important category of CMs, namely
EMS firms. In this project, specifically their
expansion and behaviour in the EU region and the
SouthEast Asian region will be considered.
Existing studies of e.g. export processing zones in        0 URU (1            2004
Southeast Asia have focused on the initial stage of
development of these complexes, in relation to               NOW/WOTRO
their impact on or contribution to the regional              funding
economy through a number of mechanisms. Apart
from some firm- and industry level oriented studies
on restructuring and upgrading, the longer term
evolution of such territorial complexes, generally
established during the 1960s and 1970s, has been
little researched. Changing regional
competitiveness, organisational/strategic change of
multinational firms having a presence in the
complex, the decline of specific activities and
industries and the rise of new ones, regional
embeddedness and the impact on regional
enterprise, all lead to important questions. To what
extent does the variety of economic activity change
over time in the adjustment process? Does local
embeddedness change over time and in what
direction? Is there a regional spin-off of globalised
activity in the complex in the form of localised
networks and local firm formation, learning and
technological change, and enhanced innovative
capability etc.? Guided by evolutionary economic
This project concentrates on the main question:            11                  2003
what is globalization, and why is imperialism or
peripheral capitalism no longer good enough? Four           (URU)/Coutinh
approaches will be dealt with and empirically               o
analyzed. The first states that globalization exists
and is good for countries (Norberg, Bolkestein,
Friedman IMF). The second approach states that
globalization exists but is bad for people (Klein,
Hertz, Dietz etc). The third approach postulates
that globalization is still in its infancy and that this
is unfortunate (Rugman, Ruigrok & Van Tulder
etc). The fourth direction agrees with the empirical
view of the third approach but does not agree with
its theoretical conclusions. Furthermore some
attention will be given to the political and cultural
context.
A descriptive analysis of the economic evolution of        0 URU               1998
the firms in the inner city of Utrecht between 1978
and 2000The aim is to explain the mechanism of
selection and adjustment of entrepreneurs located
in the inner city of Utrecht The methods used are
qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative:
comparison of economic functions on the level of
buildings Qualitative: interviews of entrepreneurs
about their spatial-economic adjustment strategies.


This project aims at the better understanding and          0 Universities of   1983
empirical analysis of the process of residential
mobility. Presently the research is on the topic of          Amsterdam,
housing careers, using the Panel Study of Income             California;
Dynamics 1968-1993, for the United States                    URU
Methods : Analyses of the process of mobility and
housing choice, using national surveys for
Germany, the Netherlands and the United States
of America.
The aim is to achieve knowledge of the future              0 URU               2000
economic function of former agricultural buildings
in the rural areas and of the contribution of the re-
use of former agricultural buildings to the
development of rural areas in the Netherlands.
Methods used are: analysis of primary and
secondary data, surveys (with the use of decision
tables), interviews.
The dynamics of urban growth present constant            0 Fifth          2002
challenges to urban quality of life. In recent years
urban land use change and the constant residential         Framework
pressure on land consumption at the urban fringe,          Programme of
has been increasingly recognized as a major force          the European
challenging quality of life in metropolitan areas.
Aim : The primary goal of SELMA is to design               Community
urban planning and management strategies to
ensure the maintenance of quality of life in
European metropolitan areas. The evaluation of
these spatial configurations will be based on quality
of life, socio-economic and environmental
dimensions. Two of the main deliverables will be a
policy analysis and decision makers handbook of
best practices and a taxonomy of forms of
economic land use deconcentration that can be
used for ranking and bench-marking in urban
planning and management. In order to design and
evaluate planning strategies a land use simulation
model will used (UrbanSim).

The research is aimed at: at first, gaining insight      0 RPD/RIVM       1996
into recent urbanization patterns, secondly, at the
interpretation in relation to existing urbanization
theories, thirdly, at examination of the usefulness
of GIS data and analytical GIS functionality of this
type of research.
Aim of this study is the development of software         0 URU            1999
(standalone PC package) in the realm of handling
spatial interaction and transport network analysis
as an extension to existing commercial
GISpackages. Methods used are transport
networkanalysis, Accessibility Analysis, Functional
Distance Analysis (Intramax) Gravity Modelling,
GI.S
                                                         0 URU            1999
The implications of the increasing use of ICT on         0 NWO/MES        2002
the concentration of retailing in the inner cities are
the central problem of this research. E-commerce           programme
will affect the four functions of the business to
consumer market (information, communication,
transaction and delivery) differentially for various
consumers and various goods. The first research
question is to what extent consumers will use
Internet as a complementary channel, or as a
substitute for shopping. The second question
refers to the response of producers and retailers to
this shift in consumer behaviour. To what extent
will producers and retailers adopt a distribution
strategy which includes the Internet as a substitute
or as an additional channel for specific functions
that sustain the purchase of goods and services?
The spatial concentration of shops selling the
same merchandise is based on the facility for
consumers to compare products, leading to
cumulative attraction of the inner city. As
comparing or even buying products via the Internet
becomes an option, this process of cumulative
attraction deteriorates as virtual shops or suburban
outlets might become more cost-efficient. The third
This project consists of several smaller research        0 URU
projects. Aim is to get insight in and to report about
the spatial dynamics in the Dutch economy

                                                         0 CONACYT        2003
For varying reasons, scholars tend to be rather           0 NWO-Magw       2004
pessimistic and, to some extent, deterministic
about the possibility of a successful adjustment
process in old industrial regions. They either refer
to industrial decline as a natural and almost
inevitable process, or they emphasize the huge
problems of adjustment old industrial regions face.
By contrast, this research project adopts a non-
deterministic, evolutionary approach that stresses,
among other things, the need to differentiate
between different development paths. The main
objective is to examine and explain the long-term
capacity of old industrial regions in the EU to
diversify into (related or unrelated) new trajectories.
For this purpose we unpack the notion of regional
lock-in both conceptually and empirically. The
analysis will test whether different forms of lock-in
can account for the varying success of old
industrial areas to restructure their local
economies. By doing so, this research project
carries out a unique systematic cross-regional
comparative analysis, making use of time-series
data.
The analysis of spatial differentiation in social and     0 URU
economic development conventionally focuses on
the level of the nation-state. While there are good
reasons why the nation-states remain important
entities in determining the development of their
territories, there is also ample evidence of huge
variations in performance at much more local
levels of analysis. In addition to classical core-
periphery patterns, a range of other factors in
various forms play a role in explaining this
differentiation, among which are historical legacies,
differential insertion in wider (national, global)
markets, governance at local/regional levels and
other institutional settings.
Research currently focuses on two localities: (1)
The central Visaya islands in the Philippines,
where remarkable differences are observed in
developmental performance between regions
(islands) in close proximity; (2) Southern Thailand
and Northern Malaysia (see research project Edo
Andriesse).
The project aims to analyse the differential
development paths of selected regions/localities in
South-East Asia. In doing so, the focus of research
is on the following factors: (1) the analysis of
Main goal is to describe and explain the spatial          1            1
evolution of the automobile sector in the United
Kingdom from an evolutionary perspective.
Following a long-term study of the automobile
industry in the US by Klepper, we estimate the
importance of the role of knowledge transfer
(through spin-offs from entrepreneurs with a similar
technical background) and agglomeration
economies for the emerging spatial pattern of
automobiles in the UK since the late nineteenth
century. This project is based on own data
collection of all entries and exits in this sector
during the period 1896-1960 concerning their
location, the techno-economic background of
entrepreneurs, their survival rate and their market
share. Regression and other statistical techniques
will be used to determine which factors (e.g.
location in the West Midlands) explain the spatial
formation of the automobile industry in the UK.
From an evolutionary perspective, this project aims      1                 1
at analyzing how industry clusters respond to
increasing involvement in buyer-driven value
systems, and changing demand in international
consumer markets. Firstly, the type and magnitude
of clustering advantages will be determined along
with their impact on micro-level competitiveness.
Secondly, it will be examined how the selection
environment of clusters in specific industries in
various countries affects the degree, speed and
nature of different types of innovation and
upgrading strategies. Thirdly, the project assesses
empirically the effects of the adjustment process
on the spatial pattern of manufacturing activities
within and beyond the regional cluster. The focus
will be on clusters involved in consumption goods,
e.g. clothing, footwear, furniture, wine, et cetera. A
dynamic approach will be applied, in order to find
out whether routines and adjustment strategies
differ between territories, how learning within and
between organizations takes place, and to what
extent these routines and strategies converge
within and between territories in the course of time,
due to f.i. imitation.
Quantitative analyses of the 40 Dutch corop              0 Min.van             January 2004
regions are carried out in order to determine
whether urbanization and/or localization economies         Economische
have contributed to regional development in terms          Zaken
of productivity, innovativeness, employment and
income levels in the period 1996-2002. The aim is
to assess the importance of both agglomerative
forces for economic development, and to
determine at what sectoral and spatial levels this is
most significant. Data will be taken from a body of
existing data sets. The data will be analyzed
making use of econometric methods such as
entropy statistics and OLS.
From an evolutionary perspective, this project aims      1                 1
at analyzing how the logistic service sector adjusts
to changes in transport, information and
communication technology on the one hand, and
changing demand of shippers and final customers
on the other hand, in the setting of different supply
chains. Firstly, it will be examined how the
selection environment in different European
countries affects the type, degree, and speed of
the development and adoption of logistic
innovations. Secondly, the project assesses
empirically the effects on spatial patterns of
logistics service provision within countries and
regions, and on the spatial configuration of
international supply chains. A dynamic approach
will be adopted in order to find out whether
routines, strategic capabilities, power, trust,
enabling technologies and transaction costs
associated with interactive learning processes
differ between territories, how learning within and
between organizations takes place, and to what
extent routines, capabilities and strategies
converge in the course of time, due to f.i. imitation.

This project consists of several smaller research        0 Universiteit,              2000
projects. Aim is to get insight in and to report about
the spatial dynamics in the Dutch economy                  Rabobank,
                                                           Province of
                                                           Drenthe
As a result of globalization and related                0 n.a.      -
regionalization processes, border regions
worldwide are presently undergoing considerable
change, in terms of investment, migration and
spatial organisation. The impact on local
populations and their livelihoods differs
considerably. In some cases, this impact has been
negative, since it resulted into a qualitative and
quantitative deterioration of local livelihoods, and
hence a direct deterioration of living conditions for
local populations. In other cases however, the
impact has been positive, since it has resulted in
the emergence of cross-border partnerships
between local stakeholders, who pro-actively
search for ways to benefit from processes of
regionalization. One of such cases is found in
Southwest Amazonia, where rapid socio-political
change and new economic dynamics have let to
the intensification of cross-border linkages
between Madre de Dios (Peru), Acre (Brasil) and
Pando (Bolivia). Triggered by a local think-tank of
the three universities of the region, these cross-
border linkages have resulted into a lively regional
debate on sustainable development in a tri-national
                                                        0 Private       2003



This research is a follow-up of PhD research that       0 URU           2004
was conducted in 1996-2002 on the relation
between decentralization, popular participation and
local economic development in Bolivia.
The aim of this research is to provide insight into
the dynamics of local economic development and
governance in differentiated political-administrative
contexts, and to identify the factors that explain
these dynamics.
Methods : Review of literature, secondary sources
and interviews
In particular since the effectuation of NAFTA, the      0 URU           1999
state of Coahuila, situated in the northeast of
Mexico, appears to be one of the more successful
examples of Mexico s economic liberalization
policies adopted after the 1982 debt-crisis.
Coahuila s impressive economic growth rates over
the last ten years are the direct result of a
spectacular increase of foreign direct investments,
and a strong emphasis on export manufacturing.
However, as many analysts have already pointed
out, ongoing market liberalization also tends to
polarize existing inequalities, both between and
within sub-regions, economic sectors, and social
groups. Coahuila seems to be no exception in this
respect: the benefits of the shift to outward
orientation are limited to an exclusive group of
companies and entrepreneurs in specific sub-
regions of Coahuila. Others have been much less
successful competing within international markets,
and instead experienced economic stagnation and
decline. This study focuses on the relationship
between the emergence of global markets and the
dominance of the neo-liberal paradigm on the one
hand, and local responses on the other.
The central objective is to improve the                  3 3 (EU)              2003
understanding of the nature, role and functioning of
networks in the economy. The aim is to bring
together researchers working on different aspects
of economic networks and using different tools in
order to evoke synergies and cross-fertilisation
between different approaches. The general
approaches referred to are three: analytical
modelling, to a great extent in the evolutionary
game-theory and graph theory tradition; agent-
based simulation; and data-driven empirical
investigation
Evolutionary economics attaches much attention to        0 RPB                 2004
the idea of national innovation systems. Economic
geographers have contributed to this literature by
describing and explaining the process of localized
„collective‟ learning in a regional context. Moreover,
they argue that different types of regional
innovation systems are likely to co-exist.
Employing various statistical techniques, this
research project focuses on the question: do
regional innovation systems exist in the
Netherlands? CIS3 data (Community Innovation
Survey 3) will be used to carry out the comparative
cross-regional analysis. A later stage of the project
focuses on the institutional regional
embeddedness of innovative activity using
statistical and qualitative (interview) research
techniques.
Revealed preferences regarding locations of firms        0 ICES-KIS            2004
are traditionally explained by changes in relative
prices (neoclassical theory) or institutional settings     3,URU/UU
(institutionalist theory). These approaches are            Third parties
relevant to the analysis of mature markets, but fall
short to explain changes in locational preferences
in „de-maturing‟ industries that undergo radical
technological change. This project offers an
alternative evolutionary approach that explains
spatial shifts in business location from entry, exit
and migration of firms. Entry, exit and migration in
turn depends on firms‟ competencies: a radically
new technology renders competencies of
incumbent firms to a large extent obsolete, while
offering new opportunities for entrants. Since firms
require urban environments to develop these
radically new competencies, one can expect
entrants to be located more often in core areas
than exiting firms, and, whenever migration occurs,
firms to move from periphery to core areas. The
central question addressed in this project is
whether radical innovation in an existing industry
causes entry, exit and migration, and hereby, a
Using the NK fitness landscape model developed           1                 1
by Kauffman, various topics in evolutionary
economics are addressed in analytical and
simulation models including vertical integration,
decentralisation of innovative activity, and long-
term technological evolution of complex
technologies. The aim is to develop core models of
the economic evolution of complex systems.
Methods: mathematical modelling, computer
simulation, entropy statistics.
This study forms an analysis of location of and          1                 1
collaboration in research in the European Union at
the level of countries and cities using Science
Citation Index data.
The aim of this study is to develop theoretically and
policy-relevant indicators of integration, in
particular of integration of the European Union.
The main objective of the study is to gain a better      0 URU, FURS       2001
understanding of new spatial configuration and
place-specific characteristics that economic
globalisation produces in the urban areas of the
countries at the periphery of the advanced
capitalist world in the selected cases of Budapest,
Istanbul and Warsaw.

From a regional economic perspective, insight in         0 RZO/URU         2002
the determinants of firm closure and the problems
entrepreneurs face can contribute to a better
support of nascent and new entrepreneurship.
However, the determinants of firm closure and the
problems entrepreneurs have to cope with differ
substantially over the life course. This project aims
at a better understanding of the backgrounds of
firm closure (firm failure) and the exit strategies of
entrepreneurs, and its variation over the life course.


In studies on the survival and success of new firms      0 RZO             2001
 the emphasis is shifting from a deterministic
(environmental) approach to the impact of the
characteristics of the entrepreneur, his strategies,
competences and personal and inter-
organizational networks. This project aims at a
better understanding of the 'added value' of team
ownership in the success and development of new
firms.
Main goal is to describe and explain the spatial         0 URU, RPB        2001
evolution of the software sector in the Netherlands
from an evolutionary perspective. In this research,
both the locational choice of software developing
firms and the residential preferences of their
employees (as the most important input) will be
analyzed. By doing so, we examine the extent to
which (potential) conflicts may occur between, on
the one hand, the locational demands of software
companies and their employees, and, on the other
hand, between these locational demands and
different policy perspectives on spatial
development in the Netherlands. The project
results in a PhD dissertation.
The embeddedness in the local and regional               0 URU             1999
context, of economic development and the growth
and decline of firms is becoming an important
theme of geographical research. This project aims
at a wider and better definition of the meaning of
embeddedness for firms. In a number of countries
researchers are now collecting data for an
international comparison of the importance of
embeddedness for economic develoment.

The functioning and regional relationships of firms      1             1
especially in the first years of their existence are
crucial to firm survival, growth and success. The
performance of new, young and especially growing
firms may have important impacts for the regional
economy. To gain insight in the factors explaining
1. the survival, success and regional
embeddedness of young firms; 2. the opportunities
and threats young firms face; 3. the variation in
spatial and economic strategies among new
entrepreneurs. The method applied is a panel
study in which 313 new firms in manufacturing and
business services are followed closely for five
years in three Dutch regions.
Several international, regional and national fora      0 ITC
have stressed in the past decade the importance of
advancing technical and institutional knowledge
germane to the development and implementation
of GDIs.
The proposed research, aims at creating a
research, learning and advisory/facilitating
environment that will allow ITC staff, students &
international partners from economically Less
Developed Countries (LDCs) to gain and
demonstrate experience on technical,
organizational/institutional and user aspects of a
Geospatial Data Infrastructure. The execution of
the T-GDI project foresees close cooperation with
players from the Dutch geo-community and with
national government & NGO partners from India.

                                                       0 URU


Entrepreneurship is regarded as a key determinant      1       1
of economic development in general and the
emergence of new industries in particular.
Entrepreneurship is a multifaceted concept that
consists of entrepreneurial processes (like
opportunity recognition, resource mobilization and
resource generation), has many appearances
(formation and development of new enterprises,
corporate entrepreneurship), and is affected by its
context as well as it affects its context. This
research starts from a micro perspective
(entrepreneurs and enterprises), but also takes the
role of networks and the broader context into
account, and is explicitly longitudinal, with a life
course approach.
The aim of this study is to improve insight in the
interaction between entrepreneurship, enterprise
development and context.
This project tries to unravel the possibilities and    0
constraints for local (economic) development in the
new, decentralisation-based political environment,
focusing on medium-sized and large urban areas
of Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
Expressly put in the framework of globalisation
process and aimed at post-colonial development,
the project will concentrate on the analysis of
urban-oriented, local economic development
efforts, using both primary and secondary data.
The aim of this study is to get a better
understanding of the opportunities and constraints
of LED measures and programmes in the medium-
sized and large urban areas of Latin America, Sub-
Saharan Africa and Asia and to contribute to the
formulation of LED-oriented, participatory, decision
support systems.
Many of the large-scale housing estates built since      0 Fifth          2002
the end of WWII in cities of Eastern and Western
Europe, will be the urban problem areas of the             Framework
near future; housing large numbers of low-income           Programme of
households, unemployed people and those from               the European
ethnic minorities. The study is concerned with
policies developed in response to problems in              Community
these estates and with key aspects of the estates
(such as social inclusion, cohesion and
sustainability).
The primary aim is to produce a comprehensive
evidence based hand-book which draws on the
experience in different European cities and sets
out alternative, forward looking scenario E-
shopping and its impact on personal travel
behaviour s and new visions for large-scale post-
WWII housing estates in Europe (East and West).
Central are the following questions: What is the
combination of factors contributing to problems and
decline in these estates and what are the
challenges for policy? How do these policies
combat the negative aspects of the
neighbourhoods?
The shortcomings of the current situation (e.g., the     0 NexpRI,        2000
dominance of analog maps and documents in a
more and more digital virtual environment)                 Partners
provides the rationale for the development and
exploitation of new Internet-based Geo-ICT tools.
The aim of this study is the development and
application of Internet-based Geo-ICT tools. This
will involve the prototyping, development and
exploitation of Internet-based Geo-ICT tools.

                                                         0 NexpRI         1989


Development of software (standalone PC package)          0 URU and
in the realm of handling spatial interaction and
transport network analysis as an extension to              other funds
existing commercial GISpackages. The Methods
used are Transport networkanalysis, Accessibility
Analysis, Functional Distance Analysis (Intramax)
Gravity Modelling, GIS.

                                                         0 URU


Models of land use development have typically            0 URU/Networks   2002
been aggregate models, describing the
development of zones. In reality, land use                 in the Delta
developments are the outcome of decisions made
by various agents such as households, firms,
developers and government institutions. Progress
in computing and programming science facilitate
the disaggregation of aggregate models into agent-
based models, which model the behaviour of all
agents simultaneously, leading to the emergence
of aggregate patterns in land use. This project is
carried out under the Networks in the Delta
programme. Aim of this study is the development
of a prototype that illustrates the feasibility of the
approach and further elaborate this model to
enable for policy evaluations in terms of land use
and environmental effects
In this study an analysis of the influence of           0 RPB           2003
information and communication technology on the
spatial urban structure is made, in particular
focusing on growth and vitality of high-technology
firms. Principles of Urban Splinterism (spatial
fragmentation of economic activity within larger
urban regions and networks) are related to
quantitative econometric research designs testing
how spatial dispersal, agglomeration economies
and ICT work out in the polynucleated urban
structure of the Netherlands.
Especially since the publication of the Brundtland      0 URU           2003
report, a large number of studies into the impact of
urban form on travel behaviour have been
conducted. Different dimensions of urban form are
distinguished in our analyses, including
monocentric and polycentric structures of urban
systems, the size of cities, density and mixture of
urban land uses and proximity to transport
infrastructure. While we do pay attention to
dimensions of travel behaviour that are important
from an environmental point of view, most notably
mode choice and distance travel, we concentrate
in particular on travel indicators providing
information on the daily functioning of household
and their quality of life. Examples of the latter are
travel times and activity duration. The project
builds on the work done for Tim Schwanen s
dissertation. The aim of this study is to assess to
what extent urban form affects individual travel-
activity choices in general, and whether this impact
varies across population segments.

Insight in the nature of firm exits and its             0 URU           2004
entrepreneurial consequences can contribute to a
better support of the start and development of new
firms in general and regional economic
development in particular. This project aims at a
better understanding of firm exits and their
entrepreneurial consequences (e.g. serial
entrepreneurship) in manu-facturing and business
services in the Netherlands as a whole and in three
regions.
Transport nodes such as (high speed) rail stations      0 Connekt/NWO   2002
have impacts on land use and locational behaviour
of firms and households. An important weakness
of the research into the impact of infrastructure on
land use and the locational behaviour of firms and
households is that infrastructure is dealt with in a
rather crude way. We argue that it is not so much
the physical aspect of infrastructure that matters,
but the level of services provided by the
infrastructure. From this perspective the research
aims to answer three questions: 1. How do
(changes in) railway infrastructure influence the
attractiveness of cities and towns on the one hand,
and places within cities and towns on the other
hand, as a location for firms? 2. How do (changes
in) railway infrastructure influence location and
travel behaviour of firms and commuters? We will
develop an integrated model for land use and
locational behaviour. The model will then be
applied by answering the third question: 3. What
will be the possible impacts on land use, spatial
choices and commuting patterns of the Amsterdam
South axis?
The aim of the research is to provide insight into       0 URU         2002
the relationship between e-shopping and personal
travel behaviour, characterized in the number of
shopping trips, their destination, and mode. Insight
will be provided into which factors are important in
explaining e-shopping, to understand what kind of
people e-shop and why. With the findings about
the relationship e-shopping and personal travel,
the spatial consequences on an aggregated level
will be clarified. Research questions: 1. To what
extent can e-shopping be explained by individual,
product, shopping mode, and spatial
characteristics? 2. To what extent does e-shopping
affect the number, destination, and mode of
individuals shopping trips? 3. To what extent can e-
shopping on an aggregated level affect person
accessibility?
This project enhances the knowledge on the               0 FRW/TNO-    2001
effects of ICT on travel behaviour and the
consequences for future policies on travel/ traffic.       Inro
The aim of this study is to provide insight in the
effects of dynamic individual travel information on
the recreational travel behaviour concerning the
mode choice and the location choice. Methods :
Stated preference surveys and desk research.

This project aims at identifying the importance of       0 NWO         1999
inter-connectivity of multimodal transportation
networks on the generation of activity patterns.
These findings will then be incorporated in a model
of the generation patterns based on the concept of
reach which allows one to assess the impact of
multimodal transportation networks on activity
patterns of various household types. This output
will be essential input in another project of the
proposed research program. Aim of the present
project is to analyze these medium tenn effects of
multimodal transportation systems on the
generation of activity patterns. The fundamental
research questions underlying this project therefore
are: 1) What will be the impact of the
characteristics of a multimodal transportation
system on the generation of activity patterns? 2)
What is the relative importance of the inter-
connectivity of transportation systems on the
generation of activity patterns? 3) Is it possible to
develop a model which will allow one to assess the
impact of multimodal transportation systems on the
generation of activity patterns?

                                                         0 URU
The PhD project is part of the research programme        0 ICES-KIS,   2004
Economic Evolution in Space of the Section of
Economic Geography of the Faculty of                       Noeton
GeoSciences of Utrecht University. The project is
part of the Habiforum research programme on
Innovative Land Use (in Dutch: Vernieuwend
Ruimtegebruik) in the research cluster on
Economic Dynamics and Location Preferences of
Firms. The aim of this project is to explain
industrial dynamics in the Dutch fashion design
industry using firm level data on entry, exit,
location, agglomeration and entrepreneurial
networks. To develop a model of entrepreneurial
network evolution and the role of location herein,
and to empirically test its implications for the Dutch
fashion design industry over the period 1995-2005.
The Singapore and Malaysian apparel industry,              2 URU (2)         1999
being largely export-oriented, have become heavily
incorporated in the global apparel commodity chain
and production networks orchestrated by largely
Western lead-firms (buyers). It is generally held
that participation in such networks is beneficial to
the development of the local industry. This project
adopts a long term perspective on local firm
evolution and embeddedness in global networks as
local, regional and global competitiveness factors
change over time. Main goal is to identify firm-level
adjustment strategies to these factors and what
firm trajectories in the industry result from this. This
will make it possible to gauge the relevance of
alternative ideas on firm- and industry evolution,
namely upgrading vs. path dependency and lock-in.



Entrepreneurship is regarded as a key determinant          1             1
of economic development in general and the
emergence of new industries in particular.
Entrepreneurship is a multifaceted concept that
consists of entrepreneurial processes (like
opportunity recognition, resource mobilization and
resource generation), has many appearances
(formation and development of new enterprises,
corporate entrepreneurship), and is affected by its
context as well as it affects its context. This
research starts from a micro perspective
(entrepreneurs and enterprises), but also takes the
role of networks and the broader context into
account, and is explicitly longitudinal, with a life
course approach.
The aim of this study is to improve insight in the
interaction between entrepreneurship, enterprise
development and context.
in order to understand changes in the structures of        0 NOW-MES,        2003
firms and industries, it is necessary to understand
entrepreneurial and innovation processes on the              ERIM/
one hand, and the specific context in which these            EURURU/UU
take place on the other hand. Next to these
processes and context, there is a growing
awareness that the most crucial aspect of the
emergence of a new high tech industry is its
networks. However, there has been virtually no
systematic study of the history, structure and
functioning of these networks. This project
attempts to map these networks and their evolution
over time in the Dutch ICT industry. This research
aims to uncover the importance of the rapid growth
of start-ups and of „learning from failure‟ or „flexible
re-cycling‟ for the evolution of industries. It focuses
on the new combinations of knowledge (innovation;
opportunity recognition and development),
entrepreneurs (in social networks) and
enterprises (spin-offs, „recycled firms‟, mergers,
and acquisitions), and enterprise
development in general, in the genesis of the
Dutch ICT industry.
Despite the increased availability of life choices,       0 URU   2003
freedom of choice has not increased for many
population segments. The impact of new
Information and Communication Technologies
(ICTs) on travel choices of individuals is often
disputed. The central hypothesis of this research
program is that the use of these new technologies
and services will lead to a fragmentation of working
locations and hours, a change in the opportunities
that are visited for maintenance and leisure
activities, and a modification of the valuation of and
meaning travel time. Attention is not only restricted
to the impact of the Internet; the mutual
associations between (third-generation) mobile
phones and activity and travel patterns are also
considered. These developments in activity and
travel patterns at the micro level will cause
important changes in land use and transportation
systems at the macro level. The project is inspired
by the emerging academic literature about the
relationships between new Information and
Communication Technologies (ICTs) and activity
and travel behaviour. The impact of ICTs on travel
patterns is an unresolved issue: while some
Causes, course and consequences of transition             0
from „blue‟ to „grey‟ tourism
Focus on the analysis of the structure and                0
determinants of unused labor supply in The
Netherlands
Culture and entrepreneurship in a spatial                 0
perspective. A conceptual analysis
The epidemiological transition in India                   0
Theoretical and empirical investigation of spatial        0
variation in birth-en growth probabilities of firms
and spatial agglomeration effects using spatial
simulation models
The influence of the activity of labour unions on         0
processes of regional economic development,
especially in the Northern Netherlands during the
1970s
Liveable Cities; innovative situation specific            0
policies for urban sustainability
Investigation into the interactions between traffic,      0
mobility and space, in particular with respect to the
environmental consequences
Factors influencing the economic development of           0
small regional entities: an economic-demographic
analysis, with special reference to the North of the
Netherlands
The project includes the analysis of locational           0
preferences of entrepreneurs, but also the possible
use of spatial preference data in local and regional
marketing campaigns and the measurement of the
effects of such campaigns
Theoretical and methodological research into the          0
birth process of firms. Similarities and
discrepancies between the demography of
enterprises and entrepreneurs
A comparison of the patterns and processes of firm        0
migration in European countries, especially the
United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Italy

Acquiring insight into regional differences of the        0
age composition of the population of firms in The
Netherlands, with special attention to old firms;
Exploring the spatial conditions favouring older
firms, in order to shed more light on the spatial
aspects of the firm life cycle, in particular the later
stages
FinalYear PhDResearch
     2005           1




    2006           0




                   2
2006   1




2006   0




       1


2007   0




2005   1




2008   0




2005   0
2005   0




2005   0




2009   2




2005   2




2004   2


       2
2004   2




2005   0


       2
2008   2




2005   2




2006   2




2005   2




2004   2
    2005    2




    2005    2




    2006    2




Finished    2
     2005   0




            2


    2006    2
2008   2




       2




       2
           2




  Dec-04   2




           2




Unknown    2
2004   2




2005   2



       1




2005   0
2005   2




2008   2




2008   2




       2




       2
2004   2




2004   2




2004   2




2006   0




2004   2




       2
2




2


2




2
   2005   2




          2




Unknown   2


   2006   2




          2


   2005   2
2007   2




       2




2006   2




2006   0
2005   0




2005   2




2004   0




       2
2008   0
2004   2




       2




2006   2
     2005   2




     2008   2
     2004   1

     2004   1
     2003   0
     2006   0


     2003   0


     2007   0
Ongoing     1

     2004   0


Ongoing     1



Spring      0
2006

Fall 2004   0


Fall 2004   0
Theme: Effective Governance of Urban and Regional Change
TitleENG                        Naam                    NaamOrg
Institutional conditions into   prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet   Universiteit van Amsterdam
multiple use of space




The regional participation      prof.dr. S. Musterd     Universiteit van Amsterdam
monitor: a new knowledge
infrastructure in the
development of sustainable
urban areas




Competitive Metropolises in     prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Europe




Institutional conditions        prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet   Universiteit van Amsterdam
governing multiple use of
space
Rescaling governance            prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Multi-level governance and                              Universiteit van Amsterdam
institutional change:The
Europeanization of regional
policy in Italy




Synergy in urban networks       prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet   Universiteit van Amsterdam
(Synergin)



De Zuid-as                   prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet      Universiteit van Amsterdam
Economische en Ruimtelijke prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet        Universiteit van Amsterdam
ontwikkeling van Stedelijke
Regio‟s (gemeenschappelijke
noemer van 4 proefschriften)
The integration of water in      prof.dr. G.J. Borger    Universiteit van Amsterdam
urban regional planning
Cities and transport:            dr. L. Bertolini        Universiteit van Amsterdam
exploring the need for new
planning approaches
Transportation nodes in                                  Universiteit van Amsterdam
contemporary urban
dynamics
Options for urban and       prof.ir. F. Le Clercq        Universiteit van Amsterdam
regional developments based
on accesibility indicators

Institutional Capacity for the   dr. M. Wolsink          Universiteit van Amsterdam
Implementation of Wind
Power: a Geographical
Comparison




A design-oriented Planning    dr. L. Bertolini           Universiteit van Amsterdam
Support System for regional
integrated transportation and
land use planning




De planningspraktijk bij                                 Universiteit van Amsterdam
historische landschappen in
stedelijke gebieden in West
Europa
Vervoersplanologische            prof.ir. F. Le Clercq   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Concepten


Public transport in Medium-      prof.ir. F. Le Clercq   Universiteit van Amsterdam
Sized Cities
Metropolitan governance and                              Universiteit van Amsterdam
spatial planning in
metropolitan regions of
Europe




Planning strategies facing                               Universiteit van Amsterdam
risk and complexity
(metropolitan alliance New
York (NYU), London (UCL),
Berlin (FU B))
The urban condition and the                              Universiteit van Amsterdam
issue of social integration



Practices of governance on                               Universiteit van Amsterdam
the North Wing of Randstad
Urbanization of the South                                Universiteit van Amsterdam
Wing of Randstad
Political regionalism and        prof.dr. H. Knippenberg Universiteit van Amsterdam
regional institutionalisation in
France, Spain and the United
Kindgdom




European City-Regions in an prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet        Universiteit van Amsterdam
age of multi-level governance
(COST A26 European
Science foundation)

Complementarity and              prof.ir. F. Le Clercq   Universiteit van Amsterdam
competition in urban
networks due to shifts in
accessibility
Facility siting processes: land-                         Universiteit van Amsterdam
use planning and the
decision-making process
Institutional arrangements in                            Universiteit van Amsterdam
uitility sectors with regards to
environmental policy aims

The integration of water in                              Universiteit van Amsterdam
regional planning
New developments in                dr. J. Woltjer        Universiteit van Amsterdam
regional planning and
environmental governance
The function and                                           Universiteit van Amsterdam
effectiveness of Regional
Planning in Europe
Functions of public                                        Universiteit van Amsterdam
participation and participatory
palnning in environmnetal
planning
Competitive Metropolises in prof.dr. W.G.M. Salet          Universiteit van Amsterdam
Europe (COMET EU 5th
Frame)




Urban ideal images in public      prof.dr. L.A. de Klerk   Universiteit van Amsterdam
debates and city plans,
Amsterdam and Rotterdam,
1945-1995

the impact of access policies prof.mr. J. de Jong          Technische Universiteit Delft
on the development of spatial
data infrastructures

COOP, integrated forms of                                  Technische Universiteit Delft
cooperation in housing stock
policy for the housing
provision of risk groups
Possibilities to use legally      prof.dr. W.K. Korthals   Technische Universiteit Delft
binding land use rules in a       Altes

strategic way
Quality regulations for the       dr. F.M. Meijer          Technische Universiteit Delft
building stock




Redifferentiation of tasks and dr.ir. H.J. Visscher        Technische Universiteit Delft
responsibilities for building
control
prestatiegerichte              dr.ir. A. Straub            Technische Universiteit Delft
samenwerkingsvormen in het
technisch beheer van
woningen
Commodity strategy            prof.dr.ir. H. Priemus   Technische Universiteit Delft
development for Dutch
housing associations'
technical management
services
Relation between spatial                               Technische Universiteit Delft
planning and technology for
information and
communications
Institutionalisation of a     prof.dr. A.K.F. Faludi   Technische Universiteit Delft
territorial dimension in EU
politics




Regional planning and         prof.dr. A.M.J.          Universiteit Utrecht
growth management: an         Kreukels

institutional approach




Durp-Rijk                     prof.dr. H.F.L. Ottens   Universiteit Utrecht




Territorial impacts of the    prof.dr. A.M.J.          Universiteit Utrecht
structural funds              Kreukels




The implementation of                                  Universiteit Utrecht
strategic plans
Regional-economic                                      Universiteit Utrecht
development in Europe in an
institutional perspective
Dynamics after deregulation:     prof.dr. A.M.J.      Universiteit Utrecht
The evolution of the             Kreukels

European aviation network
and the implications for
airport planning




Meervoudig ruimtegebruik in      prof.dr. A.M.J.      Universiteit Utrecht
Angelsaksisch perspectief        Kreukels




Governance of nature                                  Universiteit Utrecht




Government, governance         prof.dr. O. Verkoren   Universiteit Utrecht
and local development on the
U.S. Texas border
Governing roles in interactive                        Universiteit Utrecht
planning




International exploration on     prof.dr. A.M.J.      Universiteit Utrecht
mixed land use planning in       Kreukels

Western Europe: Germany,
France, the United Kingdom
and the United States of
America and South East
Asia, especially Japan, in
relation to Korea and Hong
Kong
The changing challenge in       prof.dr. T.J.M. Spit   Universiteit Utrecht
local and regional planning




Decision support models for prof.dr. P. Hooimeijer     Universiteit Utrecht
physical planning and housing

Governance in urban             dr. J.G. Groenendijk   Universiteit Utrecht
regions: urban development
and local politics




Local governance and            dr. P. van Lindert     Universiteit Utrecht
sustainable development in
the south




Governance in peripheral    dr. L. Huisman             Universiteit Utrecht
regions, regional/local
transformation and economic
development
A comparative analysis of      prof.dr. O. Verkoren    Universiteit Utrecht
institutions and regional
development in Perlis
(Malaysia) and Satun
(Thailand )

Planning support systems for dr. S. Geertman           Universiteit Utrecht
participatory planning




The politics of spatial        prof.dr. A.M.J.         Universiteit Utrecht
segmentation                   Kreukels




                               dr. G.S. Bolt           Universiteit Utrecht




Socially cohesive              prof.dr. R. van Kempen Universiteit Utrecht
neighbourhoods? Analysing
the influence of urban
governance arrangements
and its contemporary urban
policies in The Netherlands
A multidisciplinary study of     prof.dr. G.P. van Wee   Universiteit Utrecht
pricing policies in transport:
geographic perspective




DESIGN4ALL                                               Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

INFRAPLAN                                                Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

INTEPLAN                                                 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

RATPLAN                                                  Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

SPATINVEST                       prof.dr. P.H.           Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
                                 Pellenbarg


URECA                                                    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
LOCENV                           prof.dr. G. de Roo      Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

PUBPRIV                          dr.ir. P. Ike           Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
d Regional Change
       Context                                                                           Funding Flow Funding Flow2 Aim   Methods
       This research project is focusing on multiple intensive land use and is                       3
       initiated by Habiforum. It is organised in four consortia working on macro-,
       meso- and micro-levels of analysis. The consortium that is coordinated by
       AME is working on the meso-level, identifying the institutional conditions
       for multiple intensive land use. Different case studies will identify
       institutional factors that enhance or hamper practices of multiple intensive
       land use. In Amsterdam a PhD project is undertaken studying the Zuidas
       project.
       For several decades now, the urban area has been larger than "the city":                     3
       but most research into urban areas still occurs within the administrative
       boundaries of the city. Increasingly, researchers want to include the entire
       urban area, the metropolitan area, in their analyses. As a result, there is a
       great need - from both a scientific and social perspective - for adequate,
       readily available and current insights in order to map and analyse
       metropolitan dynamics. In particular, this involves acquiring an insight into
       and developing a vision of different levels of social participation - the
       subject area we especially wish to focus on. This cannot be done without
       specific geographic information on the distribution and concentration of
       people, households, businesses and facilities. However, the knowledge
       infrastructure required for this purpose is practically non-existent. The
       absence of detailed knowledge about levels of participation (in the labour
       market and education, for example) and the inadequacy of the
       infrastructure for urban research on a regional scale can therefore be
       viewed more and more as a pressing problem. The development and
       actual application of is a cooperation between a regional scale
       The COMET project a participation monitor on universities and is thus an                     1
       governmental actors in the cities of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin,
       Brussels, Copenhagen, Strasbourg and Vienna. It will identify, both
       quantitatively and qualitatively, the spatial and economic consequences of
       processes of competitiveness, both within and between metropolitan
       regions. Based on comprehensive surveys on this issue, COMET will
       address good practices and the definition of innovative planning measures
       for a sustainable metropolitan development.

       This research project is focusing on multiple intensive land use and is                      1
       initiated by Habiforum. It is organised in four consortia working on macro-,
       meso- and micro-levels of analysis. The consortium that is coordinated by
       AME is working on the meso-level.
                                                                                                    1
       On the background of recent trends in European policy integration, this                      1
       study focuses on how the 'Europeanization' of policy making and the
       development of transnational policy discourses affect relationships
       between national and supra-national institutions. In doing so, it points in
       particular to new factors of policy reform and institutional change emerging
       in response to external pressures on nation-state structures.The study
       addresses key features of processes of Europeanization, such as
       adaptation and change in domestic institutions and their variation across
       policy sectors, pointing to the need to combine institutional analysis with
       theoretical perspectives - such as multi-level governance and regulation
       theories - that contribute to understanding the emergence of new forms of
       institutional innovation and the changing dimensions of territoriality involved


       This research program will provide systematic insights in the ways new                       3
       metropolitan regions evolve in the context of the international network
       society. The international comparative approach enables to identify
       different characteristic types of this evolution. Closely related to the
       systematic identification of actual trends is the second category of
       research questions which regards the urgency of metropolitan coordination.

                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                    1
                                                                                  0

There is a fundamental tension between current, forecast based urban              1
transportation planning methods and the irreducible unpredictability of the
impacts of planning decisions. This project explores how an evolutionary
approach can help overcome this tension

The development of urban infrastructure and locations comes together at           1
major transportation nodes, shaping unique opportunities and threats. This
research aims at identifying successful planning strategies for dealing with
this challenge.
The concept of accessibility captures the essential function of a                 1
transportation system, and thus provides a useful focus for transportation
planning. This research elaborates on this through the development and
employment of accessibility measures in an urban and regional planning
context.
The research will be focused upon the institutional setting for the               2
implementation of renewable energy sources, in particular wind power.
The reason is the remarkable difference between countries in
implementation rates of wind power; differences that cannot be attributed
to the usual cited barrier to siting wind turbines: lack of public support. The
research question is: what are the structural determinants of success and
failure in wind power implementation, when we compare similar
(international) geographical entities? The research-design is a nested
multiple case study (Yin-type), in which geographical differences of cases
are compared. Within the research question, the study will be focussed
upon regimes, relations and practices in the significant sections of the
institutional framework, and on the policy beliefs of stakeholders in these
sections: the arrangements within the energy policy domain (public as well
as private actors) within that domain: the role of the energy utilities
(position and objectives) the impact of the strategic planning system and of
planning practice regarding place making decisions
The project aims at the development of a „Participatory Planning Support          1
System‟ that enables more effective integration of spatial and transport
planning. The approach is innovative in that it aims at supporting the
generation of potential interventions, rather than, as with most available
transport land use models, the evaluation of given proposals. The project
aims at the development of a „Participatory Planning Support System‟ that
enables more effective integration of spatial and transport planning. The
approach is innovative in that it aims at supporting the generation of
potential interventions, rather than, as with most available transport land
use models, the evaluation of given proposals.

                                                                                  1



This PhD project aims to understand the emergence and political                   1
acceptance of new planning concepts in national spatial policy. Various
case studies will be conducted, focusing on the concepts of mainports,
western wing, central city ring, corridors and the delta-metropolis.

Car use, suburbanisation and changing travel pattern have decimated the           0
use of public transportation. Especially in the heterogeneous group of
medium-sized cities, where densities are lower and the dominance car is
more dominant, this is a problem. This calls for more attention to transit
markets and the way the structure of the transportation network can
accommodate these groups in their travel patterns. By using GIS, the
accessibility of specific functions that are important to specific user groups
in medium-sized cities is researched.
This study explores the relationship between the arrangements for               1
metropolitan decision-making and the co-ordination of spatial policy, and
compares approaches across a wide range of European cities. The
contributors examine the interplay between the changing socio-economic
pressures on cites in an era of globalisation, the attempts to formulate a
co-ordinated strategic spatial policy for the city, and the changing
arrangements for metropolitan governance. An analysis of 20 major
European cities summarises the similar and differing approaches adopted
and offers comment on the implications for better co-ordination of
metropolitan governance and strategic policy.

                                                                                0




Welke bijdrage kan de ruimtelijke ordening leveren aan het vraagstuk van        1
maatschappelijke integratie? Hoe zullen de inhoudelijke en institutionele
componenten van het begrip van ruimtelijke planning aangepast moeten
worden om een reële bijdrage aan integratie te kunnen bieden? Op deze
vragen wordt in deze studie een antwoord gezocht.

                                                                                0

                                                                                0

A regionalisation policy is often regarded as an instrument to make             1
regionalist movements claiming more autonomy for their region redundant
by satisfying their political demands. The institutionalisation of regions is
also named as having a stimulating effect on the regional identities
mobilized by these regional movements. This research project analyses
the development of regionalism, regional identities and public opinion on
regional autonomy after such regionalisation. The research focuses on
France, Spain and the United Kingdom. The study consists of two
subprojects: a quantitative analysis of the developments for all regions of
those three countries, and a qualitative analysis of data gathered during
fieldwork in three regions for three regional case-studies: Alsace, Galicia
and Wales.
The main objective of the COST-action is to increase the knowledge about        3
the extent to which different forms of sub-national governance, with a
particular focus on city-regions, enable the pursuit of economic
competitiveness to be reconciled with the goal of social cohesion.




                                                                                0



                                                                                2


                                                                                0



                                                                                0

                                                                                1
                                                                                0


                                                                                0



The COMET project is a cooperation between universities and                     3
governmental actors in the cities of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin,
Brussels, Copenhagen, Strasbourg and Vienna. It will identify, both
quantitatively and qualitatively, the spatial and economic consequences of
processes of competitiveness, both within and between metropolitan
regions. Based on comprehensive surveys on this issue, COMET will
address good practices and the definition of innovative planning measures
for a sustainable metropolitan development.

Spatial city plans are based on constructed realities. Facts are only used      1
when they support the image of the city and neglected when they are not.
This research is about these constructed realities. By studying the public
debate, different kinds of images that exist of Amsterdam and Rotterdam
from 1945 and 2000 will be described and also to what extent these
images manifest themselves in the final city plans of these cities.

The paper will show that cost recovery policies may be more beneficial for      1
Spatial Data Infrastructure development at the local levels than
current research has suggested.



Hoe kan de samenwerking tussen lokale overheid, zorginstellingen en             3
aanbieders van woonruimte die in dit project als voorbeeld dienen
(Rotterdam, Wenen, Duisburg, Hannover, Leeds, Brussel, Krakow en
Praag) ook in andere landen toepasbaar zijn?


The goal of this research rroject is to find out in which way legally binding   3
land use rules can be used to facilitate Dutch municipalities to make a
more strategic use of the value allocation function. This research project
will result in recommendations
The legislation related to building quality is in principle oriented to new     3
construction. Since new construction only accounts for about 1% of the
annual increase in the housing stock, the effect of a quality policy
operating through new construction requirements is marginal. A quality
policy is also essential for the achievement of highlevel environmental
objectives for the housing stock. Moreover, the policy evaluation of recent
disasters (Volendam, Enschede) makes it clear that there is also a need
for improved legislation and instrumentation with respect to the safety and
the management of the existing building stock. The current basic level for
existing dwellings in the Building Decree is no longer adequate. Solutions
for the problems could be found in proposals to introduce a Building
Dossier (Consultation Platform Building Legislation), to set minimal
requirements for existing dwellings in the Building Decree at a higher level,
and to strengthen the local authorities¿ policy on compulsory repairs.


Op welke wijze kunnen de verantwoordelijkheden en taken voor de                 1
toetsing, het toezicht en de handhaving van de bouwregelgeving het best
vormgegeven worden?

Samen met de woningcorporaties wordt gewerkt aan bouwstenen voor het            3
prestatiegericht inkopen van gevelonderhoud
commodity strategy development for Dutch housing associations'                    1
maintenance services: supplier selection and specification, taking into
account customers preferences




Information and communication technology is beginning to figure                   1
prominently in the way society functions. Developments in ICT not only
generate new ways of living, working, shopping, learning and recreation,
but also provide new ways of manufacture, distribution and transport.


Tegen de achtergrond van het aanstaande Nederlandse EU-                           1
voorzitterschap in de 2e helft van 2004 en de waarschijnlijke opname van
'territoriale cohesie' als richtinggevend element in Artikel 3 van het nieuwe
EG-Verdrag is onderzocht op welke wijze DGR/VROM van deze nieuwe
titel gebruik zou kunnen maken voor het nastreven van haar (nationale)
doelstellingen en langgekoesterde wens om een ruimtelijke dimensie toe
te voegen aan het EU-beleid. Dit alles zou moeten plaatsvinden in een
ingewikkelde politieke context bestaande uit (huiverige)
sectordepartementen op nationaal niveau, 14 (en in de nabije toekomst
24) Europese lidstaten met allemaal hun eigen doelstellingen en ten slotte
de intern verdeelde Europese Commissie.
Ten eerste wordt beoogd inzicht te bieden in de ontwikkeling van                  0 URU
vernieuwde regionale planning in Nederland in combinatie met de huidige
institutionele structuur. Ten tweede wordt ingezet op het bieden van een
oplossing om de mismatch tussen enerzijds de inhoud van planning en
anderzijds de context en proces te verkleinen. Probleemstelling : In
hoeverre is er in Nederland sprake van regionalisering van strategische
ruimtelijke planning? Hoe verhoudt zich deze strategische regionale
planning tot de institutionele planningstructuur? En op welke wijze zou
deze vernieuwde planning zich op basis van theoriegerelateerde inzichten
zich het beste kunnen ontwikkelen met het oog op de differentiatie van het
publieke en private krachtenveld over verschillende schaalniveaus?


The Dutch government has taken initiatives to introduce modern                    0 Min. of
information and communication technology for operational activities of
government organisations (e-government). One of the focus areas is                  Housing,
urban and regional planning. The DURP-project promotes and supports                 Physical
the digitalisation of spatial policy plans of national, provincial and              Planning and
municipal governments in order to allow exchange of plan content by
electronic means.                                                                   environ-
The aim of this project is to develop an information model that facilitates         mental
the exchange of digital versions of national physical planning reports
                                                                                    management
among government policy units and agencies.
Methods: Exploratory essays, information model design, testing of the
information model in pilot projects.
Aim in this study is the elaboration of methodology for territorial impact        3 3 (European Commission)
analysis of EU policies and analysis of territorial dimensions of structural
funds policies and the cohesion policy.
Methods: Development of indicators and data base for characterising the
spatial effects of structural policies, comparative analysis of national policy
systems, as well as case study into allocation of structural funds.

                                                                                  3 3 (EU)

                                                                                  0 EcorysHabiforum IDLUWER
The European aviation market has recently been deregulated. By means              0 FRW
of three 'packages' (1987-1997) of deregulation measures restrictions to
airline competition within Europe have gradually been removed. Based on
experiences after deregulation in the United States, profound changes in
the way airlines organize thair networks and airport authorities plan their
infrastructure, can be expected. Aim of this study is to describe the
changes in airline network strategies after the deregulation of the EU
aviation market identify the factors decisive for these changes assess the
effects of changing airline network structures on the connectivity of airports
identify the effects of changing market circumstances and network
structures on the planning of airport infrastructure In this study quantitative
research (network analyses) is combined with qualitative research based
on document analysis and interviews with airline and airport executives.
De RMNO, het Innovatienetwerk Groene Ruimte en Agrocluster en het                 0 RMNO
Expertisenetwerk Meervoudig Ruimtegebruik Habiforum hebben
geconstateerd dat het zicht in Nederland op kennisontwikkeling (cq. de
onderzoeksprogramma's) inzake meervoudig ruimtegebruik in het
buitenland zeer gebrekkig is. Door deze lacune lopen activiteiten in
Nederland, die beogen meervoudig ruimtegebruik verder te ontwikkelen
en te operationaliseren, het risico onvoldoende gebruik te maken van
relevante wetenschappelijke en praktische kennis die in het buitenland is
opgedaan. Ook missen Nederlandse betrokkenen kansen om samen met
buitenlandse c.q. internationale partners het concept verder te ontwikkelen
en toe te passen. Vandaar dit gezamenlijke project, dat tot doel heeft het
zicht op (kennisontwikkeling inzake) meervoudig ruimtegebruik in het
buitenland te vergroten om zo activiteiten in Nederland die beogen
meervoudig ruimtegebruik verder te ontwikkelen en te operationaliseren,
te ondersteunen met relevante wetenschappelijke en praktische kennis die
in het buitenland is opgedaan.
The term governance refers to changes in the relation between                     0 Natuur-planbureau
government and society. This is also reflected in the field of nature
conservation, in particular in the context of international and European
policies.
Aim is to gain insight in the recent developments in the field of nature
conservation and find empirical evidence for the emergence of
governance of nature.
Methods : Comparative case-study analysis of changing practice of nature
conservation policies in the Netherlands and the UK. The Dutch National
Park Drents-Friese Wold will be compared to the English Area of
Outstanding Natural Beauty the Cotswolds.
                                                                                  0 TNO-Inro,RMNO, Nat. Agency on Physical Planning etc.


Key claim regarding interactive planning is that it can improve our               0
democracy through the management of interactions around planning and
other policy processes. Such an endeavour is praiseworthy but
problematic, because policy related interactions are deeply political. The
purpose of this thesis is to find out how this problem of "managing politics"
is dealt with in interactive theory and practice, what this implies for the
meaning of interactive policy development, and how this influences its
democratising potential. To that end, the concept of governing roles is
introduced. It serves to scrutinise and compare how the activities of
different actors (e.g. governers, (non-)participants, managers) are defined
in language and negotiated and performed in practice.

                                                                                  0 CONACYT
The dynamics in planning practice is still increasing. In the slipstream of       0 Habiforum UU
this development, planning problems tend to get more complex. Especially
when certain issues (i.g. railway station locations, seaports and airports)
are concerned. Not only the projects itself are at stake in these issues but
also the effects on the region in which the projects are realised. Basically
two different kinds of planning are combined: project planning and spatial
planning, which raises all kind of new planning issues. As similar develop-
ments take place elsewhere (Europe, Japan), an international perspective
is evident. Aim is to develop a better understanding of the development of
these kind of complex planning issues. Methods : Comparative case-
studies

                                                                                  0 URU


This long term project compares policy regulation systems of western              1            1
states with the system in the Netherlands. Institutional arrangements are
analysed as an important factor influencing urban development.
Knowledge of the influence of institutional regulation is seen as an
important requirement for successful policy-making. The ambition of local
administrations has often been curtailed by insufficient relationships with
investors. Therefore, the analysis of institutionalisation in forms of urban
governance is focused on that type of relations.
Aim is to identify relationships between several forms of institutional
arrangements of public and private organisations in urban areas and urban
development.
Methods : Review of literature; content analysis of documents; interviews.
The concept of 'urban regime' is used to describe and analyse institutional
arrangements in a specific locale.
Local governance now is a key issue in developing policies for human              1            1
settlements. In addition, in many countries especially those of Latin
America the transition from authoritarian bureaucratic regimes toward
democratic governance has increased people s involvement in local
decision-making. Under the aegis of local governance, innovative
participatory budgeting and planning practices have emerged in a wide
variety of contexts. The aim of these new practices is to contribute to local
sustainable development through developing a joint vision and strategy for
the future that is shared by many stakeholders from the civil, private and
public sectors. Local Agenda 21 is becoming implemented in many
municipalities of the South. At the same time, the shift in governance from
the national toward the regional, municipal and neighbourhood levels has
revived the issue of subsidiarity in policy and planning. Municipalities in the
South may be engaged in South-North or South-South networks or
twinning relationships. These and other forms of decentralised
international co-operation often aim at the strengthening of local
Processes of change in Sub : To gain a better insight into the processes
governance capacities. AimsSaharan Africa compare unfavourably with
                                                                                  0 URU
other macro regions. The causes of stagnation include such divergent
factors as declining world market prices for main exports, serious
indebtedness and high levels of debt servicing in relation to export
earnings and ineffective government policies. Various countries in Eastern
and Southern Africa have started to pay attention to decentralised
development management, which creates a favourable environment for
local/regional economic development planning. However, a number of
basic problems hinder the effective functioning of such a system. One of
the most important obstacles constitutes a general lack of reliable planning
relevant information at that level. The shortcomings especially pertain to
the peripheral areas. This observation implies that particularly in those
contexts where a planning decision support basis is needed most urgently,
data and information on the availability and use of resources and the
potentials and constraints for local/regional economic development are
highly deficient. Especially socio-economic profile data, including baseline
figures, dynamics and trends, are either unavailable, or invalid/outdated.
Whereas the institutional approach in examining regional development in         0 URU
developed countries has proved to be valid and useful, this approach so
far has been relatively neglected in regions in developing countries. Aim is
to investigate the impact of selected economic institutional arrange-ments:
1. cooperation and coordination among businesses, 2. cooperation and
coordination between the private and public sector and 3. arrangements
that allow both regions to gain access to national/-central state resources)
on economic and human development of Perlis and Satun.

Planning is becoming more and more participatory in nature. As a                0 Program "Networks in the Delta"
consequence, planning is becoming much more complex and likewise the
need for support by dedicated systems is growing. However, at the same
time, the actual application of these kind of planning support systems is
hardly evident in regular planning practice. This apparent contradiction is
worldwide and asks for solutions.
The aim of this research is to gain insight into and subsequently remove
the implicit and explicit barriers for a more widespread application of
Planning Support Systems within participatory planning practice.
Methods : interviews; experimental case studies; et cetera


The projects starts from the impression that recent social change also has      0 URU
far-reaching spatial consequences (i.e. spatial segmentation): the
dynamics underlying the spatial operation of society have changed. These
changes seem to be understood poorly. Clarifying the new spatial reality
and its politics will help to inform divers current debates on a broad range
of spatial topics such as the debate on the end of public space; on
surveillance of space; on socio-spatial behavior; and on the creation of
community in neighborhoods. Especially, where government policies are
involved, false assumptions will lead to inadequate policies and inefficient
governments. The project wants to help overcoming these inadequacies.


In dit onderzoek staat de huidige praktijk van de stedelijke herstructurering   0 Aedes, Woonbron Maas-oevers. Staedion
in Nederlandse steden centraal. Het onderzoek behelst een studie naar de
mogelijke effecten van het gevoerde beleid op processen van sociale
cohesie in buurt en stad. Onze hypothese is dat stedelijk beleid kan leiden
tot sociale cohesie. In dit project ligt de nadruk niet op de directe (en
wellicht geplande) sociale effecten van stedelijke her-structurering, maar
op de effecten van het beleidsproces zelf. Het idee is dat door de
integratie van verschillende beleidsvelden en door het gebruiken van de
kennis en het aanspreken van allerlei belanghebbenden
(buurtorganisaties, bewoners, woningcorporaties, politie, school, winkels,
gezondheidsvoorzieningen, etc.) de sociale cohesie in een buurt kan
worden vergroot. Op zichzelf kan dat een positief verschijnsel zijn.
Tegelijkertijd kan een vergrote sociale cohesie tussen participerende
belanghebbenden echter leiden tot uitsluiting van andere mensen,
groepen en instellingen binnen dezelfde buurt en binnen de stad. Het netto
effect valt dus nog maar te bezien. Het onderzoek is erop gericht om
hierover meer duidelijkheid te verschaffen.
This PhD research project aims at finding out the theoretical and empirical     0 URU
relations between social cohesion and urban governance in urban
neighbourhoods in Dutch cities. After a theoretical introduction of the
concepts of social cohesion and urban governance and the (possible)
relations between the two concepts, the project aims to give empirical
evidence on the ways in which aspects of urban governance processes
and outcomes can influence social cohesion. The empirical research will
first focus on the influence of local urban governance processes on social
cohesion. It will then focus on two aspects of governance on
neighbourhood level: (1) the influence of urban restructuring as an
indicator of policy outcome on social cohesion; (2) the influence of
neighbourhood (bottom-up) initiatives as an indicator of the governance
process on social cohesion. At the end of the project we will be able to
reflect critically on the theoretical links between social cohesion and urban
governance. Moreover, it will be possible to make some more direct
recommendations with respect to urban policy in general and more
specifically in the Netherlands. The aim of the research is to find out how
Pricing policy may have several spatial consequences. It may for instance          0 Connekt/NWO
affect choices with respect to residential locations of households and with
respect to firm (re)locations because they partly depend on the
generalised transport costs (time, money, trouble). The relative
accessibility of locations may change due to pricing policy. This research
project aims to answer the next questions: 1. How does pricing policy
influence accessibility of different locations? (monodisciplinary substudy 2)
2. What is the perception of (spatial) actors with respect to the
attractiveness of different locations, under several pricing policies? (part of
multidisciplinary substudy 2) 3. How does pricing policy influence
residential choice and the use of ICT and which differences in choices
between different population groups may be expected; how do firms see
the link between pricing policies and the use of ICT as a substitute for
commuting an for business trips? (part of multidisciplinary substudy 2) 4.
What is the impact of transport pricing technologies and real-time
information provision on the location choices of households and firms
Investigation of theories of Inclusive Design and Universal Design and             0
their implications for Spatial Planning
Planning problems of infrastructure development and possible solutions             0
The implementation of Integrated („omgevings‟) planning in the                     0
Netherlands
Rationality in planning: an inquiry into the integration of analytic rationality   0
and communicative rationality
Analysis of spatial investments, both public and private, their geographical       0
distribution, and factors of influence. Structure, development and effects of
spatial policies, especially local and regional development policy and land
management policy
Urban Environmental Capital as a complex planning problem                          0
Investigation of local environmental policy-making, in particular their            0
changes and related consequences
Investigation of the impact on the built environment of different balances         0
between public (government) control and private control in the planning
sector
StartingYear FinalYear PhDResearch
        2000       2004 Yes




       2004        2008 Yes




              Ongoing   No




       2001        2005 Yes


              Ongoing   No
              Ongoing   No




       2003        2007 Yes




       2001        2006 Yes
       1999        2004 Yes
2004        2008 Yes

       Ongoing   No



       Ongoing   No


       Ongoing   No



2001        2006 Yes




2003        2005 No




1998 ?           Yes



1997        2004 Yes



1997             Yes
          2002 Unknown




               Unknown




1994           No




               Unknown

               Unknown

2002      2006 Yes




2004      2007 No




               Unknown



1996           No


               Unknown



               Unknown

2003 Ongoing   No
           Unknown


           Unknown



2000   2005 Yes




2001   2005 Yes




2001   2005 Yes



2003   2005 No



2004   2008 Yes


2004   2008 No




2000   2008 No


2002   2007 No
2004   2008 Yes




1998   2003 No



2004   2006 Yes




1999   2004 Yes




2001   2004 No




2003   2005 No




2001   2004 Unknown

2001   2005 No
2000   2005 Yes




2003   2007 Yes




2003   2004 No




2003   2006 Unknown


           Unknown




2001   2004 Unknown
1999   2004 Unknown




           Unknown


           Unknown




           Unknown




2003   2005 No
2003   2007 Unknown




2002   2005 Unknown




2002   2006 Unknown




2003   2004 Unknown




2002   2006 Yes
2002         2006 Yes




       Ongoing    No
       Ongoing    No
       Ongoing    No
       Ongoing    No
       Ongoing    No


       Ongoing    No
                  Y
       October 2004 es
                  Y
       October 2004 es

				
DOCUMENT INFO