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Quarterly Management Report

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					                                                        TELEMAC
                                                        IST–2000-28156
                                         TELEMonitoring and Advanced teleControl
                                                          of high yield
                                                  wastwater treatment plants


QMR4 – Final version - 19/08/2002




                        Quarterly Management report N°: 4
                             Covering period 01.06.2002 – 31.08.2002




Report Version: Final
Report Preparation Date: 19/08/2002
Classification: Restricted
Contract Start Date:    01.09.2001            Duration: 36 Months
Project Co-ordinator: ERCIM
Partners: INRIA, INRA, APPLITEK, BIOMATH, CESAME, CCLRC, SPES, USC, ENEA,
AGRALCO, PsPc, SAUZA, UDG, DOMECQ UK, DOMECQ BR


                                            Project funded by the European Community
                                            under the “Information Society Technology”
                                            Programme (1998-2002)




Financial/Administrative co-ordinator
Name: Bruno Le Dantec / Remi Ronchaud
Address: 2004, route des Lucioles, BP 93 - 06902 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - France
Phone Numbers:+33 4 92 38 50 13        Fax Numbers: +33 4 92 38 50 11
E-mail:           bruno.le_dantec@ercim.org           remi.ronchaud@ercim.org
Project website: http://www.ercim.org/telemac




Telemac                                       QMR 4                                      1
Executive Summary: summary of achievements in the period


WP1       Experimentation and validation

   Final instrumentation of the ENEA and AGRALCO pilot plant and implementation of the control
    software.
   Start-up of the ENEA pilot reactor.
   The experiments at lab-scale using a CSTR have been carried out following the defined protocol.
    The start-up of UASB reactor has been completed. Start-up and three different organic overload
    were carried out at the CSTR reactor. Experimentation is in progress in both reactors following the
    protocols.
   Writing of deliverable D1.3a “Experimental data sets at laboratory”.

WP2       Smart sensor development

   Research of usable gas sensors.
   Market survey of usable parts for the development of the titrimetric and gas sensor.
   Coordination of titrimeter development.
   Critical review of methods for data validation and filtering techniques based on mass balance/logic
    constrains and statistical tests.
   Developing new adaptive observers based on methane flow rate
   Tuning and testing of the developed soft sensors
   Converting the AMOCO model into a distributed parameter model

WP3       Advanced control

   Development of new models for non perfectly mixed digesters
   Review of general methods for identification analysis to be used for anaerobic models parameter
    identifications.
   Development of adaptive algorithms to identify the parameters associated to the simple models.
   Implementation by INRA and USC of the International Water Association (IWA) Anaerobic
    Digestion Model (ADM1) using the Matlab® software and validation by comparison with results
    obtained by BIOMATH using WEST++.
   Writing of deliverable D3.1a.

WP4       Supervision system

    Further building of small FDI modules, each of them handling specific situations based on a
     limited number of sensors,
    Tuning of the state manager that handles the different FDI modules,
    Preliminary on-line tests of the overall diagnosis structure on an anaerobic digestion pilot plant at
     INRA.
    Development and validation of a WAP access to the database
    Ongoing investigations of data mining, based on sample data files.
    Knowledge acquisition from domain experts about behaviour of anaerobic plants and sensors

WP5       Software integration

   Work is under way on deliverable D5.1a, „Initial report on security issues‟. A number of risk
    analysis techniques are being applied to the TELEMAC high-level architecture with a view to
    identifying and prioritising risks and making recommendations for the development.
   A first version of a document about the software validation and control has been written, and it
    will circulate between the partners from the end of August and should be validate for the
    beginning of September.


Telemac                                           QMR 4                                                  2
   Work is under way on D5.2a, „Selection and acquisition of tools for information gathering and
    cooperative working‟.
   User interface requirements at the local WWTP and the TCC were defined, plus requirements for
    the human-level and machine-level communication between them.
   A detailed review of existing tools for data/information exchange and co-operative working using
    Web resources was performed.
   The development was finished of a demo version of the TELEMAC software based on the use of a
    pre-prototype hardware digital platform implementing all the basic features required for
    telemonitoring and control based on Web resources.
   An XML protocol for data exchange was defined, proposed to the partners and subsequently
    refined.
   A demo version of local software, and of the TCC framework available for remote connection by
    Web was presented.
   Refinement of the XML language specifically dedicated to the TELEMAC project.

WP6       Exploitation and dissemination

   Regular updating of the website - http:www.ercim.org/telemac
   Validation of of Questionnaire and writing of a technical questionnaire
   Collection of lists of dissemination targets for accurate identification
   Preparation of the Dissemination and Use Plan
   Distribution of the TELEMAC flyer to meetings and conferences


WP7       Project Management

   Provide guidelines to the TELEMAC partners to produce their Quartely Management report
   Provide template to the partners for the realisation of their respective cost statements
   Ensure strong information flow and cross validation of the deliverables
   Joint organisation with ENEA of the Technical Meeting in Bologna on the 20-21 June 2002
   Preparation of the minutes of the Technical Meeting in Bologna
   Preparation of deliverables and documents for the Review Meeting
   Organisation of pre-meeting with CESAME
   Briefing of the partners on the organisation of the Review

    1 – Overview

1.1 Objectives (in the reporting period)

Objectives                              Progress towards achieving objectives
WP 1- Task 1.1.                       - Extensive test of the IWA model.
Objectives: Define the experimental
protocol     for     modelling    and
supervision set-up
WP 1- Task 1.2                        - The experiments at lab-scale using a CSTR are carried out
Objectives: Prepare the experiment      in respect of the defined protocol. The UASB system has
running and run the first experiments   been started up and the experiments are carried out.
                                      - The pilot plant is in the start-up phase. The experiments
                                        will start in September
WP 2- Task 2.2                        - Critical review of methods for data validation (conservation
Objectives:      establish   a   data   constrains and statistical methods)
validation scheme                     -



Telemac                                          QMR 4                                                 3
Objectives                            Progress towards achieving objectives
WP 2- Task 2.3                        - Marker survey and study of available parts for the
Objectives: Study the lab bench         development of gassensor and titrimeter
titrimetric sensor                    - Coordination on titrimeter development
WP 2- Task 2.4                        - Development of an adaptive software sensor based on
Objectives: Design software sensors     methane flow rate
for the set of developed process      - Tuning and testing of the developed soft sensors
models and for the set of possible    - Validation of adaptive software sensors with full scale data
process configurations.               - Analysis of the 4-D models to base new soft sensors
                                      - completion of the test of Matlab fuzzy logic toolbox
                                        training techniques functionalities, based on iterative
                                        procedure, devoted to extract and define the rules of an
                                        inference from a great amount of data
WP 2- Task 2.5                        - Converting the AMOCO model into a distributed parameter
Objectives: Study the optimal           model
location of a wide range of sensors   - First steps in calibrating and validating the model using
and recommend the type, the number      lab- and full-scale data from hydrodynamic tests and
and the location of sensors via the     working conditions
use of the mathematical models and
of the theory on sensor location
WP 3- Task 3.1                      - Implementation of the International Water Association
Objectives: Develop mass balance      (IWA) Anaerobic Digestion Model (ADM1) using the
based models that will represent      Matlab® software
normal and abnormal process - Validation by comparison with results obtained using
working.                              WEST++.
                                    - Development of new models for non perfectly mixed
                                      digesters
                                    - Continuing development of the model with propionate and
                                      writing of a report
                                    - Writing of the deliverable D3.1
                                    - Study and modelling improvement of pH effect
                                    - GU improvement for the Matlab simulator
WP 3- Task 3.2                      - Review of general methods for identification analysis
Objectives: To estimate the model - Methodology to estimate off-line parameters for the simple
parameters and the uncertainty        models (AMH1 and AMH2).
associated with each parameter.     - Development of adaptive algorithms to identify the
                                      parameters associated to the simple models
                                    - Building an algorithm to convert the IWA ADM1 data to
                                      the TELEMAC measured data format so that complete
                                      records could be theoretically generated. Therefore, data
                                      from such complex model will be used for the initial
                                      estimate of the simple model parameters.




Telemac                                        QMR 4                                                   4
Objectives                              Progress towards achieving objectives
WP 4- Task 4.2                      - Investigastion for a suitable neural network topology
Objectives: development of a - test of the Matlab tools for neural network implementation
modular, adaptive and general FDI     and clustering.
system                              - Dedicated fuzzy logic based diagnosis boxes, each of them
                                      handling a specific sensor configuration with a maximum
                                      number of sensors up to 3 (for simplicity and modularity
                                      reasons) were developed
                                    - The first version of the "state manager" that handles these
                                      boxes using the belief theory was developed and tuned
                                    - The overall structure of the diagnosis system was tested at
                                      the local level on a anaerobic digestion plant at INRA
WP 4- Task 4.3                      - Development and validation of a WAP access to the
Objectives: data base and knowledge   INRA's database
base management                     - Continuing work on data cleaning and investigation of
                                      relationships in data
                                    - with a view to clarifying scope and potential of data
                                      mining. Outline of a general framework for data mining.
WP 5- Task 5.1                      The scope and structure of the deliverable was agreed. Work
Production of deliverable D5.1a.    is in progress on the selection and application of a number of
                                    risk management techniques to the TELEMAC architecture.
WP 5- Task 5.2                      The scope and structure of the deliverable was agreed. It
Refinement of view of requirements  covers user interface needs at the local plant, the TCC, and
for user interfaces and             the human-level and machine-level communication between
communications, and production of   them. A detailed review of existing tools for data/information
deliverable D5.2a reflecting these  exchange and co-operative working using Web resources was
decisions.                          performed. The deliverable is being produced.
WP 5- Task 5.3                      Before the project plenary meeting in Bologna, the
Progress work according to detailed development was completed of a demo version of the
schedule defined in previous period TELEMAC software based on the use of a pre-prototype
for producing first version of hardware digital platform implementing all the basic features
integrated software.                required for telemonitoring and control based on Web
                                    resources. This was refined and improved after the meeting.
                                    The Web tools for data representation have been improved.
                                    An XML protocol for data exchange was defined, proposed
                                    to the partners, and later modified on the basis of discussions.
                                    A demo version of local software, and of the TCC framework
                                    available for remote connection by Web was presented.
                                    The hardware digital platform has been improved for the
                                    development of the first prototype TELEMAC hardware
                                    digital platform.

WP 6: Increase the Telemac visibility   - The Fact sheet was updated.
                                        - Regular updating of the Telemac web site.
WP7 : Keep project on track             - QMR3 and 4 delivered
                                        - Activity Report prepared
                                        - All deliverables produced
                                        - Internal peer review of the documents implemented




Telemac                                         QMR 4                                                  5
1.2 Milestones

Milestone                                   Planned      Actual         Comments
                                            date         date
A dummy version of the telemonitoring       01.09.02     15.06.02
software was made available to the
consortium.

1.3 Deliverables

Deliverable Code & Name                     Planned      Actual         Comments
                                            delivery     delivery
                                            date         date
D5.1a Initial report on security issues     31.08.2002   23.08.2002     draft version
D5.2a Selection and acquisition of          31.08.2002   23.08.2002     draft version
tools for information gathering and
cooperative working
D3.1a A set of validated models             31.08.2002   23.08.2002     draft version
developed for standard working conditions
D1.3a First experimental data sets at       31.08.2002   23.08.2002     draft version
laboratory


1.4 Deviations from Plan

1.5 Risk or problem anticipated

The fact that the Latin-American partners encountered difficulties to be funded makes it more difficult
to motivate them, and especially the industrial partners. This has also a consequence on the motivation
of Allied Domecq UK which is strongly connected to them. The co-ordinator is in contact with the IST
programme, international department, and the ConaCyt representatives to push the file. The next
technical board will be organised in Tequila hosted by Sauza to ensure a good transfer of the existing
results.

2 – Contractual Arrangements


3 - Project Meetings (held and foreseen)


Title                       Date and Place                    Main conclusions
Plenary meeting           20-21 June, Bologna                 Project on track
Technical meeting         19-21 October, Guadalajara
Meeting     of     WP3.2: September 4-5, Gent
parameter identification




Telemac                                          QMR 4                                                6
4.1 Conferences, workshops, demonstration, technology transfer attended/organised/foreseen by
the project

Date            Type and Title/Scope                       Number of persons attended + other
                                                           information
23rd of July,    The meeting focused on “Specifications    J-Ph. Steyer gave an invited oral
2002             of Modular Internet-Based Remote          presentation to the BESAI2002 Workshop
                 Supervision Systems for Wastewater        ("Binding Environmental Sciences and
                 Treatment Plants" (paper co-authored      Artificial Intelligence") in Lyon.
                 with USC, CCLRC, SPES and INRIA).
26–27 June      ERCIM Environmental Modelling              One person attended (S. Lambert, CCLRC),
                Group Workshop within iEMSs                gave paper on approach to data mining in
                Conference, 26–27 June, Lugano,            TELEMAC and more generally.
                Switzerland
24-27 June      Oral presentation iEMSs 2002               1 person - published in proceedings
                "Data mining as part of an Integrated
                Approach to Anaerobic Waste Water
                Treatment" by S Lambert
8-12 July       Oral presentation CIFA 2002                Presented by L.Mailleret.
                "Contrôle asymptotique non linéaire des    It published in reviewed proceedings
                fermenteurs anaérobies" by Mailleret,
                Bernard and Steyer
21-26 July      Oral presentation to the world IFAC‟02     Presented by O.Bernard.       Published in
                conference held in Barcelona: " Interval   reviewed proceedings
                observers with guaranteed confidence
                levels", Fruchard, Bernard, Gouzé
21-26 July      Oral presentation to the 15 th biennial    1 person – To be published in reviewed
                European Conference on Artificial          proceedings
                Intelligence (ECAI'2002) in Lyon,
                France: "Specifications of Modular
                Internet-Based Remote Supervision
                Systems for Wastewater Treatment
                Plants",
                Lardon, Punal, Steyer, Roca, Lema,
                Lambert, Ratini, Frattesi, Bernard
23-25           3 Oral presentations and 2 posters: VII    5 persons – 5 reviewed papers accepted
October         Latin American Workshop and
                Symposium on Anaerobic Digestion
December        Oral presentation: Substrate Regulation    3 persons - Latinoamerican            Control
                in an Anaerobic Digester based on          Congress. Guadalajara, México.
                Geometric Control.

4.2 Articles Published , Press coverage, development web sites, etc.

Date and Type                     Details
June 2002. Scientific paper       Temperature chaotic oscillations in a biological reactor with recycle.
                                  H.O. Méndez, R. Femat, V. González Alvarez and J.P. Steyer.
                                  Submitted to Physica D (Nonlinear Systems)
June 2002. Scientific paper.      Substrate Regulation in an Anaerobic Digester via Robust Output
                                  Feedback: Theoretical Framwork and Experiments. H.O. Méndez,
                                  R. Femat, V. González Alvarez and J.P. Steyer. Submitted to IEEE
                                  Transactions on Automatic Control.


Telemac                                          QMR 4                                                     7
5 – Main results

   First demo version for the TELEMAC software
   First version of the data base with a wap access.
   Validated models
   Validation of adaptive software sensors with full scale data

6 – Project Effort

See effort tables hereafter:




Telemac                                          QMR 4             8
                                                                                             Acronym                                                                         Date                                                     Sheet
          IST-2000-28156                                                                     Telemac                                                                         01.09.02                                              1 of 3

                               Period                         01.06.02 to 31.08.02

          Effort for the reporting period (person months)
          Number of working hours per month:                                     135
          Contractor                      WP 1                           WP 2                         WP 3                      WP 4                     WP 5                           WP 6                    WP 7                          Total
          ERCIM                                                                                                                                                                          0,56                    0,58                         1,14
          INRIA                                                           1,55                         2,56                                                                              0,09                    0,58                         4,78
          INRA                             0,12                           1,53                         2,53                                                                              0,09                    0,58                         4,84
          APPLITEK                                                        2,00                                                                                                           0,07                                                 2,07
          BIOMATH                          0,10                           3,10                         0,50                      0,49                     0,39                           0,40                                                 4,98
          CESAME                                                          1,00                                                                                                                                                                1,00
          CCLRC                                                                                                                  0,50                     0,40                                                                                0,90
          SPES                                                            0,82                                                   0,70                     2,60                                                                                4,12
          USC                              2,24                                                                                  0,54                     0,03                           0,09                                                 2,90
          ENEA                             3,33                                                                                                           1,48                                                                                4,81
          AGRALCO                          0,65                                                                                                                                          0,08                                                 0,73
          PsPc                             0,75                                                        0,25                      0,25                     0,75                           0,25                                                 2,25
          SAUZA
          UDG
          DOMECQ UK                        0,25                           0,23                                                                            0,13                           0,20                                                 0,80
          DOMECQ BR
                       Total               7,44                          10,23                         5,84                      2,48                     5,78                           1,82                    1,74                         35,32


          Project No                                                                         Acronym                                                                         Date                                                     Sheet
          IST-2000-28156                                                                     Telemac                                                                         01.09.02                                              2 of 3
          Effort for the reporting period (person hours)

                                          WP 1                           WP 2                         WP 3                      WP 4                     WP 5                           WP 6                    WP 7                          Total
          Contractor                P             A                P             A              P             A           P             A          P             A                 P            A          P            A              P               A
          ERCIM                                                                                                                                                                    73           92         92           92            165             184
          INRIA                                                   259            209            341           346                                                                  7            12         68           79            675             646
          INRA                     15             16              200            205            330           339                                                                  12           12                                    557             572
          APPLITEK                                                293            300                                                                                               7            10                                    300             310
          BIOMATH                  14             16              419            425            68            345                                                                  54           60                                    554             846
          CESAME                                                  150            150                                                                                                                                                  150             150
          CCLRC                                                                                                           105           66         105           53                                                                   210             118
          SPES                                                    110            110                                      94            94         349           349                                                                  553             553
          USC                      310            293                                                                     149           71                                         7            4                                     466             368
          ENEA                     430            430                                                                                              190           191                                                                  620             621
          AGRALCO                  112            93                                                                                                                               12           12                                    124             105
          PsPc                     101            101                                           68            34          101           34         101           101               34           34                                    405             304
          SAUZA
          UDG
          DOMECQ UK                30             30              27             27                                                                15            15                24           24                                     96              96
          DOMECQ BR
                       Total            1 012           979            1 458         1 426            806         1 063         450          264         760           709              229          260        160          171      4875            4872




Telemac                                                                                QMR 4                                                                                   9
Effort in hours over the reporting period per partner (Planned & Actual)
 900



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                                                                                                                                   Planned
                                                                                                                                   Actual
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Telemac                                                QMR 4                                            10