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Japanese Position Paper for UN General Assembly Special Session on

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					                                                                                                 C   O    N   T   E   N   T   S




                                                                                                 UNGASS - Japan’s
                                                                                                 position                     1
                                                                                                 Eco Survey                   1
                                                                                                 Institute for Global Environ-
                                                                                                 mental Strategies            2
                                                                                                 IPCC Modeling Workshop
                                                                                                                              3
                                                                                                 Global Partnership Summit
                                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                 Early Action on Climate
                                                                                                 Change                       4
Vol. 2 No. 2 June 1997                                                                           Events                       8




Japanese Position Paper for                                           Survey on Eco-Friendly
UN General Assembly Special Session                                   Lifestyles

on Environment and Development                                        The Environment
                                                                      Agency completed a
The following is the complete text of Japan’s position for the UN     survey in January
General Assembly Special Session on Environment and                   questioning how
Development to be held in New York on June 23-27. This will be        Japanese citizens are
a landmark meeting, bringing together world leaders to review         incorporating
progress since UNCED.                                                 environment-friendly
                                                                      activities into their
1. Now that five years have passed since the UN Conference on         lifestyles. This survey
Environment and Development (UNCED) was held in Rio de                follows a similar
Janeiro, the international community must take steps to ensure        survey taken at the
that more rapid progress is made toward implementation of the         beginning of 1996, and
agreements reached there. Japan recognizes the importance of the      adds questions about
issues that will be addressed at the UN General Assembly Special      respondents’
Session on Environment and Development (UNGASS) this June,            participation in non-
including the review and appraisal of implementation of Agenda        profit organizations
21. Further progress will require coordination and reconciliation     working to protect the
of the different positions that nations have taken, which are often   environment.
the product of their particular development and economic              Questionnaires were
backgrounds. It will also require adoption of remedial measures       sent to 4,000 Japanese
formulated from a global and long-term point of view, taking          men and women
duly into consideration the achievements and the unrealized           selected at random,
expectations of the last five years. Japan is of the view that        aged 20 or more. 1,220
developed and developing countries must work together in a            people responded.
global partnership to promote environmental protection and
                                                                      A SUMMARY OF MAJOR
development if we are to achieve sustainable development which
                                                                      FINDINGS FOLLOWS:
was established at UNCED as our paramount goal in this area.
2. Japan believes that successful implementation of the               1. A higher percentage
agreements to be reached at UNGASS depends primarily on                  in this survey than
whether all the countries of the world, represented at the highest       in the last responded
level, can achieve a consensus and political commitment to               that they felt
cooperation in the field of development and environment after            environmental
UNGASS.                                                                  conditions in general
3. At UNGASS, every country should review its principal                  were worsening, and
achievements in the five years since UNCED (cont’d pg.6, UNGASS)      (cont’d pg.2, Eco)

                                                             1
(from pg.1, Eco)
   75% said they felt the global          preservation:                                       respondents would like to
   environment was worsening.          * “Prevent food scraps or oil from                     receive more information of
2. Respondents felt the strongest        going down the kitchen drain”                        various kinds about the
   concern about environmental           (79%)                                                environment. The most
   problems such as waste and          * “Separate garbage properly                           common sources of this
   recycling issues, global              according to local rules” (91%)                      information were television and
   deforestation, and destruction      * “Avoid unnecessary idling,                           newspapers.
   of the ozone layer.                   revving, or quick starts when                   8. 41% had heard of the Basic
3.Responses were similar to those        driving automobiles” (88%).                          Environment Plan, and 11%
  in the previous survey regarding     Low percentages of respondents                         had heard about the Third
  environmental thinking in that       claimed to do the                             Selected results of eco survey (%)
  90% or more agreed that all          following:                                       Visit nature in free time        42
  countries need to cooperate on       * “Actively shop            Purchase recycled goods, e.g. recyclcd paper         38

  global environmental problems,         for goods with                                  Minimize use of water                 67

  that environmental education is        the Earth-                       Exercise caution with cleaning agents              59
                                                                             Avoid buying disposable products             44
  needed, and that people should         friendly
                                                                            Recycle newspapers and magazines                       79
  reexamine their high-                  ecomark” (24%)           Save energy when heating or air conditioning                  67
  consumption, high-waste              * “Take a bag                       Use solar heat or electricity at home   15
  lifestyles; more than 70%              along to hold          Avoid using car. Intead walk, bicycle, train, etc.      38

  agreed that environmental              purchases when
  assessment should be legislated;       shopping” (18%)                                      Session of the Conference of
  and more than 60% agreed that        5. 5% of respondents said they                         the Parties to the United
  economic measures such as               took part in activities of non-                     Nations Framework
  environmental taxes and                 profit organizations to help the                    Convention on Climate Change
  deposit-refund systems should           environment.                                        (COP3).
  be introduced for environmental      6. 66% evaluated themselves as                    8. Finally, the percentage of
  protection, even if they resulted       actively helping the                                respondents dissatisfied with
  in an economic burden.                  environment, but only 29%                           the environmental
4. Large percentages of                   tried to encourage other people                     administration of Japan was
   respondents claimed to do the          to do so. Both percentages are                      down slightly from the previous
   following in their daily lives to      down from the previous survey.                      survey to 46%.
   promote environmental               7. Overall, more than 70% of




New Institute for Global               Environment Action - Tokyo                       is formulating plans for research in
                                       Conference” in that year, the IGES               some of the following areas:
Environmental Strategies
                                       will provide a forum for
Japan will be establishing an          cooperation of top-level people                  * Creating a new paradigm for
institute to focus on environmental    from the scientific community,                   global civilization
studies in a new way in 1998. The      government, industry, and NGOs                   IGES will examine ideas of modern
Institute for Global Environmental     from around the world.                           societies which have led to the
Strategies (IGES), to be located in                                                     global environmental crisis and
Shonan Village of Kanagawa             The Preparatory Organization to                  seek the foundations of a new
Prefecture, south of Tokyo, will       Establish IGES, launched this                    paradigm for sustainable society.
link studies in natural and social     April, will conduct various                      Some possible examples include:
sciences with the aim of providing     preparations, including negotiating              Relationships              between
input to policy decision makers.       a charter for the establishment of               environmental change and the rise
First proposed by the “Tokyo           IGES, developing research projects,              and fall of civilizations; Past and
Declaration 1994” of the “Global       and recruiting research staff. IGES              present, Eastern and Western




                                                             2
IPCC Integrated Assessment             simulations are being increasingly       to contribute to the success of the
                                       used to help answer these                Third Session of the Conference of
Modeling Workshop
                                       questions in an integrated way. To       the Parties (COP3) to the UN
                                       date over 20 such Integrated             Framework Convention on
On March 10th to 12th Japan            Assessment Models (IAMs) have            Climate Change in December
hosted the IPCC Asia-Pacific           been developed by research teams,        1997. However, for any of the
Workshop on Integrated                 which try to include
Assessment Models in Tokyo, in         various perspectives,
cooperation with the                   including natural and
Intergovernmental Panel on             social sciences.
Climate Change (IPCC) and the          Mr. Tsuneo Suzuki,
United Nations University. Over        Parliamentary Vice
300 researchers participated,          Minister of the
including 140 researchers from 38      Environment Agency of
countries abroad.                      Japan, in his welcome
To deal with global warming, we        address pointed out the
must be able to answer questions       significance of this
such as: How will economic             Workshop being the first
activity and energy consumption        meeting of the IPCC
change in the future? Based on         exclusively devoted to IAMs.             Dr. Bert Bolin addresses the workshop
this, what will happen to carbon       During the Workshop, participants        existing models to be useful for
dioxide and other greenhouse gas       shared the latest information            policy makers, improvements are
emissions? What effect will this       available about models and their         still needed, as concluded by Dr.
have on global warming? What           performance. The participants            Bert Bolin, Chairman of the IPCC.
impacts will global warming have       found that IAMs will be able to          IAMs are already playing a
on ecosystems, agriculture, and        help estimate the atmospheric            significant role in policy making in
economic activity, etc.? What will     concentrations of greenhouse gases       developed countries, but are not
be the costs and effects of various    that will avoid dangerous global         being used as much in developing
measures to fight global warming?      warming and its impact. Many             countries. Participants agreed that
In recent years, computer              agreed that IAMs should be able          more consideration of the social,
                                                                                                    (cont’d pg.7, IPCC)




thought about human coexistence        issues involving the diverse             moving from strategies into
with nature and the environment;       interests of nations and sectors of      practice, for example: Planning for
Rethinking     modern       science,   society. This process will involve       long-term sustainable development
technology, and economics to take      both researchers and stakeholders,       in the Asia-Pacific region.
better account of environmental        and aim to contribute to
considerations and the finiteness of   consensus-building. One example
resources; Equity between present      of a proposal that could result is a     For more information contact:
and future generations, equity         treaty to prevent acid rain in East      Preparatory Organization to
between regions, and international     Asia.                                    Establish the Institute for Global
environmental law; and Global                                                   Environmental Strategies
environmental       ethics      and    * Formulating Regional/Local             2-2-1 Uchisaiwaicho, Chiyoda-ku,
education.                             Environmental Strategies                 Tokyo 100 Japan
                                       IGES will focus on issues facing the     Tel: +81-3-3595-1081 to 1083
* Introducing Innovative Policy        Asia Pacific region, utilize the input   Fax: +81-3-3595-1084
Measures                               of leading researchers to propose        E-mail: iges-3@iges.or.jp
IGES will propose measures to          concrete environmental strategies
implement policies which address       to deal with them, and assist in




                                                         3
Global Partnership Summit on        members of GEA including former        U.S. Vice President Albert Gore
                                    Japanese prime ministers and           urged all countries to strive in
Environment
                                    leaders in political, business and     partnership to make the UN
                                    academic fields.                       Framework Convention on
The Global Partnership Summit       The purpose of the Conference          Climate Change succeed.
on Environment was held in          was to provide input to contribute     The result of the meeting was the
Tokyo from March 22 to 24. It       to the success of the UN Special       Tokyo Declaration 1997, which
was hosted by Global                Session of the General Assembly        states that while some progress
Environmental Action (GEA), a       (UNGASS) in June, which will           has been made since UNCED,
non-governmental group chaired      work toward realization of the         “overall progress towards
by Mr. Gaishi Hiraiwa, former       sustainable development plan           sustainable development is still
President of Keidanren (Japan       adopted at the UN Conference on        very limited,” and calls for a
Federation of Economic              Environment and Development            “renewed urgency that all
Organizations), in cooperation      (UNCED) in 1992.                       partners energize their individual
with the UN Department for          The meeting was chaired by The         and joint actions.” Some major
Policy Coordination and             Honorable Ms. Birgitta Dahl,           recommendations on general
Sustainable Development. The        Speaker of the Parliament of           issues and financial mechanisms
Conference involved 26 official     Sweden and Chairperson of the          included: (1) that the United
participants who are prominent      High Level Advisory Board on           Nations Environment Programme
figures of the international        Sustainable Development to the         be strengthened and consideration
environmental community. It also    Secretary General of the United        be given to its eventual
had the participation of the        Nations. In the closing speech,        transformation into a stronger




Int’l Conference on Opportunities   clear messages is essential in         regards the results of this
                                    helping encourage and promote          conference valuable as a
and Problems of Early Actions for
                                    efforts from societies with diverse    summation of the voices of policy
Climate Protection                  economies.                             research institutes and some
                                    2) A range of technological            industries which garner
The International Conference on
                                    measures are available which are       international trust. It will provide
Opportunities and Problems of
                                    highly cost-effective, and it is       valuable reference for the
Early Actions for Climate
                                    advantageous to ensure flexibility     government negotiators of all the
Protection was convened in Kyoto
                                    in future policies by building long-   Parties attending the Third Session
on March 30-31 hosted by the
                                    lasting production facilities now      of the Conference of the Parties to
Environment Agency of Japan, in
                                    which have minimal impact on the       UNFCCC (COP3), which will be
cooperation with the World
                                    environment. It is also highly         held in Kyoto in December 1997.
Resources Institute, the Woods
                                    advantageous to start taking
Hole Research Center, Kyoto                                                BELOW ARE SOME OTHER HIGHLIGHTS
                                    actions at an early stage.
Prefecture and Kyoto City. It was
                                    3) It is important to have legally
attended by 34 experts from both                                           Dr. Robert Watson’s keynote
                                    binding emission reduction targets
Japan and abroad. The major                                                address emphasized that the
                                    by the year 2005, in addition to
theme of the conference was                                                earth’s atmosphere and climate
                                    long-term goals, constituting the
evaluation of the advantages and                                           were changing, and may cause
                                    framework of these policies. It is
disadvantages of early actions                                             problems for human health,
                                    also necessary to establish and
against climate change.                                                    ecological systems, and socio-
                                    maintain a system within each
Results of the discussions during                                          economic sectors, because of
                                    country which promotes these
the two-day conference include                                             energy and land-use policies. To
                                    policies.
recognition that:                                                          prevent these changes, he said, we
                                    The Environment Agency of Japan
1) Establishment of policies with                                          need to stabilize atmospheric




                                                     4
“Global Environmental                  Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the          Facility (GEF) be supported and
Organization,” (2) that all            3rd Session of the Conference of        replenished, and (6) that
countries commit themselves to         the Parties (COP3) to the               consideration be given to creating
concrete action toward effective       UNFCCC this December in Kyoto,          an Intergovernmental Panel on
                                                             (3) that          Finance under the auspices of the
                                                             UNGASS            Commission on Sustainable
                                                             consider a        Development to further examine
                                                             ten-year          financial issues. Sessions on
                                                             review of         technology transfer, production
                                                             post-UNCED        and consumption pattern reform,
                                                             progress in       and science/technology and
                                                             2002, (4) that    information/communication also
                                                             policies and      produced many recommendations.
                                                             conditions
                                                             ensure that
                                                             all public and    For more information contact:
                                                             private           Global Environmental Action
                                                             financial         2-2-1 Uchisaiwaicho, Chiyoda-ku,
                                                             flows are         Tokyo, Japan 100
Albert Gore speaks on climate change
                                       consistent with the long-term           Tel +81-3-3503-7484
implementation of the UN               goals of sustainable development,       Fax: +81-3-3503-8963
Framework Convention on                (5) that the Global Environment         E-mail: gea@mxd.meshnet.or.jp




greenhouse gas concentrations at       worldwide;                              innovation and its transference to
450 to 550 ppmv (CO2                   3) waiting to make changes in           developing countries, greater
equivalent: twice pre-industrial       infrastructure, practices, and          efficiency, lower costs, and
levels), and this will require         preferences only makes these            reduced capital investments, and,
limitations by non-Annex I Parties     changes much harder later on, and       of course, environmental
around 2025 and 2050                   clear policy messages can promote       improvement;
respectively in addition to those      these changes from an early stage;      7) the developing countries do not
on Annex I Parties.                    4) key factors for success include      bear a disproportionate cost in
Participants made several points,      binding agreements with simple          tackling climate change, and there
including:                             accounting, international               is a need to achieve equitable
1) requiring faster reduction in       cooperation, and constructive           burden sharing through global
GHG emissions could encourage          involvement of industries;              cooperation;
investment decisions that would        5) many industries in the US,           8) institutional frameworks are
create markets for new business,       Europe and Japan already have           needed to reward companies for
thus positively affecting the          voluntary programs for climate          taking early actions; and
economy rather than hurting it as      protection and welcome explicit         9) these early actions will provide
predicted by traditional economic      government strategies;                  economic and environmental
models;                                6) negative impacts are likely to       benefits for both industrialized
2) there already exists good green     include loss of export revenue,         and developing countries.
technology which is underutilized      especially for fossil fuel exporters,
because of low energy prices and       increased trade barriers, and
other market barriers, but its         possibly a global economic
diffusion now would advance            slowdown, while positive effects
sustainable development                may include technological




                                                         5
(from pg.1, UNGASS)
and express strong political             will be no renegotiation of existing   commit itself to the goals of the
determination to maintain the            agreements relating to the             Convention on Biological
momentum generated there and             environment and sustainable            Diversity, and so that an
resolve the key issues which were        development including Agenda 21,       appropriate international
identified. Furthermore, a brief but     the Rio Declaration, and the           framework on bio-safety can be
action-oriented joint political          Forest Principles.                     adopted. Also, to promote further
declaration should be adopted that                                              activities to implement relevant
                                         PRIORITY FUTURE PROGRAMMES             agreements such as CITES and the
addresses following issues:
                                         AND PROJECTS AFTER 1997                Ramsar Convention.
(1) Implementation since UNCED
(2) Priority future programmes           8. At UNGASS, urgent and               14. Ozone layer depletion: To
and projects after 1997                  achievable global targets relating     reaffirm adherence to the
(3) The future institutional             to the environment and                 programmes relating to protection
structure and role of CSD                sustainable development should be      of the ozone layer, such as the
(4) Recommendations concerning           established after a thorough           Vienna Convention and the
particularly urgent issues               discussion. The sectoral and cross-    Montreal Protocol.
4. Japan believes that it is essential   sectoral issues on environment and
                                         development to which Japan             (CROSS-SECTORAL ISSUES)
to have the participation of global
and regional institutions, national      attaches priority are as follows:      15. Environmental education: It is
governments, local authorities, the                                             important to promote education,
                                         (SECTORAL ISSUES)                      public awareness, and training in
United Nations, including all its
international organizations and          9. Climate change: To promote          order to enhance sustainable
special agencies, the private sector,    further cooperation so that at the     development and develop the
non-governmental organizations,          third session of the Conference of     capacity of citizens to deal with
and other major groups, in order         the Parties to the United Nations      problems relating to environment
to realize sustainable development       Framework Convention on                and development. Thus it is of
and resolve global environmental         Climate Change in Kyoto in             great urgency to promote means
problems. Thus, UNGASS should            December 1997, will reach              of encouraging their participation
also discuss measures to                 commitments which are effective        in environmental activities, while
strengthen the role each actor           in preventing global warming, fair     deepening every individual’s
should play and how these roles          and feasible to implement.             understanding and recognition of
are to be coordinated. In                10. Forests: To promote further        the relationship between the
particular, we should recognize the      action toward the establishment of     human race and the environment.
importance of regional-level             sustainable forest management          16. Research and development and
implementation and share                 based on the results of the meeting    technology transfer: It is important
experiences of any such actions          of the International Panel on          to promote technology transfer
already taken.                           Forests (IPF).                         from developed to developing
                                         11. Marine pollution: To recognize     countries, and to actively develop
IMPLEMENTATION SINCE UNCED               the necessity of strengthening         research and development efforts
5. Significant progress has been         measures to cope with significant      that will contribute to
made in the field of environment         maritime environmental pollution,      technological innovation, in order
and development since UNCED.             such as oil pollution caused by        to address global environmental
For example, Japan set for itself        tanker accidents.                      issues such as global warming.
the goal of expanding ODA in the         12. Chemicals: To promote              Developed countries should play
field of the environment to a range      agreement on Prior Informed            the leading role in this field.
of 900 billion to one trillion yen in    Consent (PIC) with respect to          Analysis of the forces producing
the five-year period beginning           trade in specified hazardous           environmental change, including
fiscal year 1992, and accomplished       chemicals, and also to encourage       in particular those that are global
that goal one year early.                international action to promote        in scale, and estimates of their
6. Reports on the implementation         human health and environmental         likely impact, are needed.
of Agenda 21 at UNGASS should            protection through the reduction       Developed countries should make
be concise and based on previous         of persistent organic pollutants.      active efforts to transfer to
reports from other conferences           13. Biological diversity: To           developing countries useful
including CSD.                           enhance the awareness of all           knowledge and experience, for
7. We should reaffirm that there         countries, so that each will           example, in the area of pollution
                                                                                              (cont’d pg.7, UNGASS)
                                                             6
(from pg.6, UNGASS)
control. Moreover, it is critical to   encourage developing countries to      programme.
construct an international             make efforts to seek private           21. The CSD should be reaffirmed
information and                        capital inflows. Insufficient          as the central forum in which to
telecommunications network that        attention has been given to            institute and review long-term
will enable countries to choose the    creating innovative and effective      goals and strategies, and in which
technologies most appropriate to       financing mechanisms thus far,         to engage in broad and high-level
their needs from those already in      and further efforts must therefore     strategic and policy discussions on
existence.                             be made.                               the environment and sustainable
17. Changing production and            19. Capacity building: It is crucial   development.
consumption patterns: In order to      that every nation engage in self-      22. In the future, the UNCSD
realize sustainable development,       help efforts, that is, in action to    work programme should focus on
the government, local authorities,     solve environmental problems,          a limited number of key issues in
the private sector, and individuals    with determination and all the         order to raise concern and
should work together to establish      resources they can bring to bear in    stimulate in-depth discussion.
a sustainable socio-economic           order to develop the capacity to       Japan believes that the multi-year
system that will have a minimal        arrive at effective environmental      programme of the work of the
negative impact on the                 protection. Thus, from a long-term     UNCSD that has been included in
environment by changing                point of view, it is a matter of       a draft report prepared by the
production and consumption             urgency to adopt capacity-building     Secretary-General
patterns and by promoting further      measures. Self-help efforts are also   (E/CN.17/1997/2) for review at
effective use of natural resources     the foundation of an effective         the fifth session of UNCSD is a
and energy, recycling schemes,         partnership between countries and      starting point for such discussion.
environmental education and            regions. Moreover, new political       However, the section entitled “The
public awareness.                      methods and net-works should be        Economic Sector/The Major
18. Financial issues: It continues     developed among specific regional      Groups” should not be taken up
to be important to provide             environmental research centers.        because the range of the issues
financial assistance to developing                                            these sections encompass is overly
countries in the form of ODA, as                                              broad and because some of the
                                       THE FUTURE INSTITUTIONAL               subjects are being taken up as
the efforts of those countries to
                                       STRUCTURE AND ROLE OF THE CSD          sectoral and cross-sectoral issues.
protect their environments and
achieve sustainable development        20. The declaration issued at the      “Forests,” “Chemicals,” and
very much deserve support. It is       conclusion of UNGASS should            “Marine Pollution” might replace
worth noting that new                  also address the future                “Land Resources” and “Oceans
development strategies formulated      institutional structure of CSD. In     and Seas” as themes. Furthermore,
by OECD/DAC stress cooperation         particular, it should focus on         issues that have been addressed in
in the environmental field.            reaffirming the framework of CSD       other existing forums should be
Furthermore, it is necessary to        and the UNCSD multi-year work          excluded from the agenda of the
                                                                                           (cont’d pg.8, UNGASS)


(from pg.3, IPCC)

economic, and other factors in         Asian Pacific Integrated Model         between the IPCC Second
developing countries, and a            (AIM) created by Japan which is        Assessment Report released in
continuation of dialogue between       now developing into a common           1995, and the Third, which is
modelers and policy makers about       integrated assessment model in         expected at the end of the year
IAMs would provide important           cooperation with other Asian           2000. Modelers now believe that
input for improvements in models.      countries.                             they will have progressed enough
They also agreed on the need for       Dr. Hoesung Lee, Chairman of the       so that IAMs can make a large
more efforts to develop regional       International Organizing               contribution to the Third
models and capacity building for       Committee for the Workshop,            Assessment Report of the IPCC
modelers in each country. In this      pointed out that now is an             and play an important role in
context, mention was made of the       important transition period            dealing with climate change.




                                                        7
             Please send me JEQ.                   Please note my new address.                 E     V     E    N    T   S

    Name:
    Title:
    Organization:                                                                            1997
                                                                                             June
    Address:                                                                                 23-27       Special Session of
    Tel:                  Fax:                      E-mail:                                              United      Nations
                                                                                                         General Assembly
    Comments on this issue or topics of special interest:                                                (New York)
                                                                                             30-31       Second         APN
                                                                                                         Scientific Planning
                                                                                                         Group      Meeting
                                                                                                         (Tokyo)

   PLEASE MAIL OR FAX TO:
                                                                                             September
    1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100 Japan Fax: +81-3504-1634
                                                                                             7-8         Sixth
                                                                                                         Environmental
                                                                                                         Congress for Asia
                                                                                                         and the Pacific
(from pg.7, UNGASS)                                                                                      (ECO ASIA ‘97)
                                                                                                         (Kobe)
Commission.                                                                                  30-31       International
23. The duration of CSD sessions should be as brief as possible in order to enhance cost-                Conference on
effectiveness (two weeks would be optimal). The Commission should provide a forum in                     Opportunities and
                                                                                                         Problems of Early
which each country can introduce information about implementation measures it has
                                                                                                         Actions for
taken and experience with its own programme of action for sustainable development so                     Climate Change
as to help other countries.                                                                              (Kyoto)
24. It should be reaffirmed that the participation of the ministries (and ministers) in
charge of environment and development is essential to the effective achievement of           December
                                                                                             1-12   Third Conference
sustainable development.                                                                            of the Parties to the
25. In order to improve the institutional structure of CSD, it is important to strengthen           UN      Framework
links between existing international organizations and the secretariats of the conventions          Convention         on
                                                                                                    Climate Change
and also to avoid duplication of their work or functions. In this context, the role of CSD
                                                                                                    (Kyoto)
should be clearly differentiated from that of UNEP, and this should be discussed at
UNGASS.                                                                                      1998
26. The role of CSD as a forum in which to discuss strategic goals concerning sustainable    January
development should be distinguished from that of UNEP as an organization that deals          17-18       Junior Eco-Club
with the monitoring and evaluation of the state of the environment, and with the                         Asia Conference
development and preparation of international laws.                                                       (Shizuoka
                                                                                                         Prefecture, Japan)
RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING PARTICULARLY URGENT ISSUES
27. A special meeting with high-level participants should be convened for the purpose of     March
carrying out a second comprehensive review of overall progress in the implementation of                  Third APN Inter-
Agenda 21 in 2002, which is five years after UNGASS and ten years after UNCED.                           Governmental
                                                                                                         Meeting
28. Through UNGASS, it should be stressed that information and telecommunications
                                                                                                         (Beijing)
systems play an important role in promoting sustainabledevelopment with a minimal
environmental impact, as they contribute to creating socio-economic systems and
lifestyles that are sounder environmentally.



                                               Japan
                                       ENVIRONMENT
                                            Quarterly
                  Published by the Global Environment Department, Environment Agency
                            1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100 Japan
                                      Tel: +81-3-3580-1375
                                      Fax: +81-3-3504-1634
                                   E-mail: globe.dep@eanet.go.jp
                                   Homepage: http://www.eic.or.jp

                                                              8

				
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