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									   HSC~Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy




            Milestone 5 Report




This report has been prepared by the Environment Division to meet the requirements
        of Milestone Five of the Cities for Climate ProtectionTM Campaign.


                                June 2002
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report




                                     Table of Contents

Statement by General Manager………………………..……………………………………………3

Executive Summary……………………………………………………………………….…………4

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………….…5
       CCP Program Progression………………………………………………...…………………………5
       Key Abatement Actions Prior to Local Action Plan ……………………………………..……6
       Changes to Hornsby Shire Council……………………………………………………………….…7

Inventory……………………………………………………………………………………………..8
       Inventory Results………………………………………………………………………………………8
       Greenhouse Gas Abatement Measures………………………………………………………..……9

Analysis……………………………………………………………………………………………..11
       Comparison of Base and Re-inventory Years…………………………………………………..…11
       Reconciliation of Emissions with Abatement Measures…………………………………………12
       Action Plan Progress & Assessment…..……………………………………………………...……13
       Measurement and Calculation Methods…………………………………………………..………13
       Progress Toward Reduction Goal……………………………………………………………….…14

Appendix………………………………………………………………………………………...….16
      Future Strategies and Actions………………………………………………………………………16
      2000-2001 Report by Subsector and Time Series Report Printouts..………………………….17




                                            -2-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report



Statement by General Manager
Council has been able to successfully achieve all of the five milestones of the Cities for Climate
Protection program through its strong commitment towards the principles of Local Agenda 21.
Council also has committed significant resources and established a Revolving Energy Fund that,
collectively, enables the combined implementation of many of the proposed measures in Council‟s
Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy. This Strategy was devise to achieve an emission reduction
goal of 20% by 2010, and work towards improving the environmental and social sustainability of
all sectors of the community. Since then Council has achieved the following greenhouse gas
reduction initiatives and has estimated that once these measures are fully implemented by the end of
2002 Council will achieve an 8% reduction:

      Implementation of Australia's most comprehensive local government Energy Performance
       Contract throughout all of Council's buildings and parks.

      Purchase of 10% GreenPower for Council's buildings and the Shire's street lighting.

      Installation of energy efficient and solar powered lights in Council parks.

      Reduction in vehicular emissions from Council's fleet through the purchase of a hybrid
       petrol/electric vehicle, LPG vehicles and four-cylinder vehicles.

      Investigation of cogeneration technology as an alternative energy source for Hornsby
       Central Library.

Council realises that a sustainable future is a challenge to us all, but it is the challenge that drives
Council to achieve its intent of “Creating a living environment…”. In achieving this intent Council
recognises that without the commitment of the whole of Council and without the partnership with
the community, particularly through the CCP Sub-Committee, the Local Agenda 21 Committee and
the Hornsby Earthwise groups, it could not be achieved.

Overall, it is the incorporation of the significant greenhouse gas reduction initiatives being
implemented with Council's strategic intent that makes Hornsby Shire Council‟s approach
sustainability unique.




RJ BALL
General Manager
HORNSBY SHIRE COUNCIL




                                                  -3-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report



Executive Summary

Hornsby Shire Council carried out an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions of the Shire of
Hornsby for the financial year 1995-1996 (Milestone 1) using the CCPTM Greenhouse Gas Emission
Software. The greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the activities of Council totalled 10,101
tonnes e-CO2 for this year. A re-inventory has been carried for 2000-2001 that revealed a slight
increase in corporate emissions to 11,108 tonnes CO2. The breakdown of these figures is given in
the table below, as well as predicted emissions due to the implementation of several abatement
measures, such as the energy performance contract, Greenpower for street lighting and smaller cars.

                                   Corporate Emissions Profile
                                                      e-CO2 (tonnes)
          Source                                                       Projected
                         ’95-‘96           ’00-‘01     Difference                  Difference
                                                                        ’02-‘03
       Buildings          3,307            3,335           +2%           2,125       -36%
       Vehicle Fleet      1,863            2,283           +21%         ~2,150       +15%
       Street Lights      4,894            5,488           +12%          4,988       +0.2%
       Waste                36               1             -97%           1          -97%
       Other                 1               1             0%             1           0%
           Total          10,101           11,108          +10%          9,265       -8%


The emissions due to the buildings are virtually unchanged and the emissions due to waste have
decreased due to diligent recycling of green waste and other materials. The greatest increases in
greenhouse gas emissions between the base year & re-inventory year are for street lights and the
vehicle fleet.

The key reasons for these divergences are basically due to the increase in assets. The small increase
in emissions due to buildings is a result of extra emissions arising from additional properties in the
inventory list. Although there has been some greenhouse abatement through some energy saving
strategies and the purchase of Greenpower electricity, it has been compensated by the emissions
from the extra sites, including those that are substantial energy users.

The number of staff members with vehicles has increased substantially in the five years between
inventories, that is 115 in ‟95-‟96 to 150 in ‟00-‟01, a rise of approximately 30%.

The substantial change for street lighting is partly due to the lighting of new subdivisions, the
installation of extra lights in areas designated by residents to be too dark, and substantially by the
systematic replacement of twin 18W lamps with 80W mercury vapour as part of a Council policy to
improve light levels based on the recommendations of a consultant study carried out in 1991.

If no abatement measures had been implemented (ie. business as usual) then the total emissions for
the re-inventory year would have been 12,803 tonnes, which is 27% greater than the base year. By
mid 2003 it is expected that total corporate emissions will total approximately 9,265 tonnes, which
is 8% less that the base year. Therefore, the estimated difference between „business as usual‟ and
„with abatement measures‟ will be approximately 35%.

                                                     -4-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report



Introduction

Hornsby Shire Council (HSC), on the recommendation of its Local Agenda 21 Committee, joined
the Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) program in 1999 and resolved to reduce it‟s greenhouse gas
emissions generated by Council activities, local households, business, waste disposal, land use
change and transport.

CCP Program Progression

Using 1996 as its baseline year, greenhouse gas emissions due to Council and community activities
were established and a draft emissions reduction target of 20% from 1996 to 2010 was set and
adopted by Council, thus completing Milestones 1 and 2.

In order to complete Milestone 3, the HSC ~ Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy was developed in
2000 to provide Council with a strategic framework for meeting the reduction target. HSC was the
first council in NSW to do so. The strategy complies with the existing Council Strategic
Management Plan 2000-2010 that aims towards improving the environmental, economic and social
sustainability of all sectors of the community.

The progression through Milestones 1 to 4 is summarised below:


             Milestone             Date        Comments on any difficulties
                  1                1999        Some difficulty in retrieving data from utilities.
                  2                1999        No difficulties encountered.
                  3          September 2000    Change of staff since M2 responsible for CCP
                  4          September 2000    As above


Council has been able to achieve the milestones so far through its commitment of resources to
LA21 activities. Council also committed funds in 2000/2001 to energy efficiency projects and
carried a resolution in 1999 to establish a Revolving Energy Fund, which is a mechanism of
reinvesting any available short-term energy cost savings into additional projects.

Hornsby‟s CCP program is built upon the foundations of existing internal energy efficiency
programs (e.g. Code for Energy Efficiency Housing, 1994 Energy Audit) and the greenhouse gas
mitigating measures Council put in place prior to joining the campaign. Hornsby‟s CCP program is
being supported by the Community Sustainability Indicators Program, established by the LA21
Committee, that aims to "Create a Vision for the Bushland Shire". The indicators developed by the
community have been incorporated into Council's State of the Environment Report and other
relevant documents and plans, and will be used to raise community awareness about sustainability
issues related to the Shire.




                                               -5-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


Key Abatement Actions Prior to Local Action Plan

Council had implemented a number of cost effective projects that achieve direct and indirect
greenhouse gas emission reductions in both the community and corporate sectors prior to the
development of the Local Action Plan. These are summarised by sector:

Corporate

         Sector                 Implemented Measures Prior to Action Plan
       Buildings       Solar water heating for pools at three aquatic centres, 1990
                       Energy Audit - general energy management, 1994
                       Replacement of time switches on mechanical plant, 1995
                       Power correction unit in Administration Building, 1997
                       Purchase of 10% GreenPower for major energy sites, „98-current
                       Time switch air conditioners in Administration Building, 1999
                       Energy-saving floodlight controls, 1999
                       Air-conditioning retrofit in the Administration Building, „99-„00
                       Purchase of 90% Hydro Power for major energy sites, 2000


Community

         Sector                  Implemented Measure Prior to Action Plan
       Residential     Code for energy efficiency in housing, 1998
                       Sustainable Water DCP
                       Energy efficient rating scheme (Selecta), 1998
                       Solar Access DCP, 2000
                       Solar Water Heater & Heat Pump supplier discount ($300), 2000
       Commercial Energy efficient schools
       Transport  Cherrybrook integrated transport plan, 2000
                       Promotion of public transport
       Waste           Supply of compost bins and worm farms, 1989
                       Waste Minimisation Strategy, 1996 & 2000
                       Life Cycle Impacts of Waste Services - Cresta Project, 2000
                       Draft Green Organics Strategy, 2000


For key actions taken since the adoption of the Local Action Plan, please refer to page 9.




                                                 -6-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


Changes to Hornsby Shire Council

Several changes have occurred within HSC‟s asset base since the base year (1995-1996) that would
have an effect on the emissions inventory. These are described below.

Buildings
Council have acquired additional properties, some being substantial energy users, for example,
Pennants Hills Library and Cherrybrook Community Centre. These are:
   1. Pennants Hills Library
   2. Baby Health Care, Carlingford
   3. Fire Brigade, Mt Colah
   4. Cherrybrook Community Centre
   5. Dural Park Complex
   6. Erlestoke Park
   7. Warrina St Oval
   8. Crowley Road Community Centre
   9. Asquith Senior Citizens

The following assets are either leased out or Council no longer receives the energy account.
   1. Randall House
   2. 3 Coronation St.
   3. 5 Coronation St.
   4. 9 Coronation St.
   5. Tenakan Institute, 4-10 Hillcrest Rd.
   6. Child Care, cr. Hillcrest & Warrina St. Berowra
   7. 17 Bayfield St.Galston
   8. Beecroft Village, 115 Beecroft Rd.
   9. Park at Canoelands Rd.
   10. Dence Park
   11. Football field, Epping Public School
   12. Glenorie Park

Vehicle Fleet
The number of staff members with vehicles has increased from 115 in ‟95-‟96 to 150 in ‟00-‟01, a
rise of approximately 30%. Many of these include staff that regularly drive out on inspections.

Street Lighting
An increase in street lighting has occurred gradually due to the lighting of new subdivisions, such as
    1. Cherrybrook
    2. Castle Hill
    3. Berowra
    4. Dural
    5. Westleigh

This has been boosted by increases in street lighting levels due to the installation of extra lights in
areas identified by residents to be too dark. In addition to these increases in lamp numbers, there
has also been a systematic replacement of twin 20W lamps with 80W mercury vapour lamps on
street lighting poles as a result of a Council policy based on the recommendations of a consultant
study carried out in 1991. This study focussed on cost reductions and compliance with light levels
for local roads in the Australian Standards rather than on energy efficiency. The number of
replacements totals approximately 1,500 to date.

                                                  -7-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report



Inventory

Inventory Results

The database for the base year, re-inventory year & forecast year corporate emissions has been
forwarded to CCP office. The re-inventory of corporate assets for 2000-2001 resulted in a total
emissions tally of 11,108 tonnes e-CO2. These emissions were sourced mainly from street lighting,
electricity use in buildings, and the vehicle fleet as shown in the table below.


                         Re-inventory       Percentage        Energy           Cost
           Sector
                         (2001) t CO2e         (%)             (GJ)             ($)
          Buildings          3,335             30.0           22,262          370,781
        Vehicle fleet         2,283            20.6            33,181         845,526
       Street lighting        5,488            49.4            21,456        1,459,266
           Waste                1               0.0              0               433
            Other               1               0.0              0                0
            Total            11,108             100            76,899        2,676,006


A printed subsector and time series reports of the re-inventory year has been included in the
Appendix of this report.




                                                -8-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


Greenhouse Gas Abatement Measures

A summary of the greenhouse gas abatement measures implemented or soon to be instigated since
the adoption of Hornsby‟s Local Action Plan in September 2000 is given below.

                                                        Quantified Emissions       Budget
    Area              Measures               Year
                                                       Reductions (tonnes CO2)    Allocation
Corporate
Renewable       10% Greenpower for
                                            2000 -             284 p.a.           $ 3,700 p.a.
Energy          main buildings
                90% Hydropower for
                                           2000-2001            1409                $1,000
                main buildings
                10% Greenpower for                               240                $10,000
                                           2001-2002
                street lighting                             (485-500 p.a.)       ($20,000 p.a.)
                Solar light (Rofe Park)    2001-2002            1 p.a.               $6,000
                PV arrays (part of                                                 ($37,294)
                                           2001-2002          (5.8 p.a.)
                EPC)                                                             (incl. in EPC)
Energy                                                                              $2,574 +
                EPC Facilitator            2000-2002             n.a.
Efficiency                                                                       ($8,000 EPC)
                EPC – lighting, A/C,
                                           2001-2002           910 p.a.           $1,300,000
                pool heating, PV, etc.
                DIO public lights at
                                           2001-2002            4 p.a.              $14,000
                McKell Park
                Cogeneration system
                                           2002-2003         275-300 p.a.          $292,152
                at Hornsby Library
Vehicle Fleet   Trial of dedicated
                                           2000-2002              4                 $2,310*
                LPG & dual fuel cars
                1 hybrid electric car      2001-2002            0.44               $15,000*
                Substitution of 3.8 to
                1.8 litre passenger        2001-2002             10                -$17,000*
                vehicles
                WRAPP – recycling,
Waste           waste reduction &          2002-2003      To be determined          $17,500
                procurement policy
Community
Waste           New contract – greater
                                                                                     To be
                landfill diversion,        2002-2003      To be determined
                                                                                  determined
                cleaner fuel use.
                Education „Waste not
                                           2002-2003      To be determined         $175,000
                such a prickly problem‟
Awareness       Logo, posters, flyers,
                                           2001-2002             n.a.               $5,000
                calendar, etc.
                LA21 CSIP program          2002-2003             n.a.               $50,000
                Community Education        2002-2003             n.a.                $5,000
Energy          Earthwise Community
                                           2001-2002      To be determined          $28,000
Efficiency      Cottage
                Join SEDA Energy-
                                           2001-2002      To be determined          $1,000
                Smart Homes Program


                                                -9-
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


Note: information from the CCP quantification survey has been included in this table, indicated
by italics. Other items are quantified by AGO’s EROP calculator or Energy consultants & HSC
calculations using electricity coefficient of 0.968 kg CO2/kWh and a gas coefficient of 63.2 kg
CO2/GJ for NSW and ACT published by the Australian Greenhouse Office, 2002.

* The budget figures for the vehicle fleet measures are derived from the difference of actual cost
and the allocated budget for “usual” vehicles. In the case of LPG, this amount was the cost of
conversion to LPG, and for the 1.8 litre cars, money was actually saved due to their lower purchase
price than 3.8 litre vehicles.




                                               - 10 -
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report



Analysis

Comparison of Base and Re-inventory Years

Hornsby Shire Council carried out its base year inventory of greenhouse gas emissions for the
financial year 1995-1996 using the CCPTM Greenhouse Gas Emission Software. The greenhouse
gas emissions resulting from the activities of Council totalled 10,101 tonnes e-CO2 f
or this year. A re-inventory has been carried for 2000-2001 that revealed a slight increase in
corporate emissions to 11,108 tonnes CO2. The breakdown of these figures and explanatory
comments are given in the table below.

                  Baseline year       Re-inventory
    Sector                                                   Comments
                  (1996) t CO2e       (2001) t CO2e
                                                             2% increase due to additional
Buildings              3,307               3,335             buildings, particularly large users. See
                                                             also explanation below.
                                                             21% increase due to 30% increase in
Vehicle fleet          1,863               2,283
                                                             staff numbers with vehicles.
                                                             12% increase due to lamp replacement
                                                             program (2x20W fluoro to 80W MV),
Street lighting        4,894               5,488             new subdivisions & extra lamps. The
                                                             lighting at Brooklyn & Berry Parks
                                                             have also increased substantially.
Water/sewage             -                   -               n.a.
Waste                   36                   1               97% decrease due to diligent recycling
Total                 10,101               11,108            10% increase

The increase in energy consumption for buildings can be accounted for by the acquisition of new
properties and by significant increases at certain properties due to higher patronage, increased hours
of operation and more equipment. These 22 properties are listed below.

Properties with increased usage                             New properties

1. Asquith Boys Club                                        14. Pennants Hills Library**
2. Asquith Day Care Centre                                  15. Baby Health Care, Carlingford
3. Baby Health Care, North Epping                           16. Fire Brigade, Mt Colah
4. Community Centre, Berowra                                17. Cherrybrook Community Centre**
5. Community Centre, Galston                                18. Dural Park Complex
6. Community Centre, Mt Colah                               19. Erlestoke Park
7. Community Hall #2, Berowra                               20. Warrina St Oval
8. Dog Pound (+14,000kWh)**                                 21. Crowley Road Community Centre
9. Kiosk Station St, Hornsby                                22. Asquith Senior Citizens
10. Library Hornsby
11. Olympic Pool, Hornsby
12. Repeater Station*
13. Substation 4784*

* and ** indicate high and verly high energy users.

                                                   - 11 -
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


There are also properties (16) that have had a significant decrease in energy consumption or are no
longer under Council control. However, the resultant decrease in energy due to these properties is
not great enough to compensate for the previous group of properties.

No accounts for these properties                        Properties with decreased usage

1. Randall House -sold                                  13. Caretaker Fagan Park
2. 3 Coronation St. - leased                            14. Community Centre, Hornsby Heights
3. 5 Coronation St. - leased                            15. Environment Lab (-12,000kWh)
4. 9 Coronation St. - leased                            16. Senior Citizens, Hornsby
5. 4-10 Hillcrest Rd. - leased
6. Child care, Hillcrest & Warrina, Berowra
7. 17 Bayfield St.Galston – no account
8. Beecroft Village – no account
9. Park at Canoelands Rd. – no account
10. Dence Park – no account
11. Football field, Epping Public School
12. Glenorie Park – no account




Reconciliation of Emissions with Abatement Measures

A reconciliation of the base year and re-inventory year emissions with abatement measures having
an effect in the re-inventory year is presented in the table provided:

                                                   Tonnes CO2e              Tonnes CO2e
Inventory
1996                                                                            10,101
2001                                                                            11,108
                                    Increase                                     1,007

2001 Measures
      Buildings - 10% Greenpower                          284
      Buildings - 90% Hydropower                         1,409
      Vehicles - Switch to LPG                             2
                         Total abatement                 1,695

Increase without abatement (BAU)                                                12,803
Total abatement                                                                  1,695
Increase in emissions                                                            1,007




                                               - 12 -
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


Action Plan Progress & Assessment

The most successful abatement actions & strategies have been the straightforward and proven ones,
including energy efficient lighting, purchase of Greenpower electricity, vehicle downsizing and
energy efficient equipment. Consequently, Council expects good results with the Energy
Performance Contract as the majority of measures comprising this contract are technically tried and
tested and have shown success in other applications.

In contrast, Council has experienced difficulty with innovative technology, the greatest risk being
the unknown. If an innovative action is considered, then it is advised to research the project and
suppliers thoroughly and elicit the opinion of several experts in the field. Difficulties may also be
experienced with measures that have otherwise produced good results for other Councils. For
instance, Council‟s activities towards fuel substitution for fleet vehicles did not achieve the
expected results mainly due to to lack of availability (CNG) and vehicle reliability (LPG).

Nonetheless, nothing tried nothing gained. The key to a successful campaign is flexibility and the
willingness to consider all possibilities. Council still has confidence with its Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Strategy even though some minor deviations have had to be made.

Although there is a slight increase in the emissions from the base year to the re-inventory year,
much of that will be compensated by the measures that are about to be implemented in the current
year. Therefore, although continual reassessment of the strategy is essential, there are no immediate
plans to significantly change Hornsby‟s reduction goal or priorities in the original Action Plan.

Measurement and Calculation Methods

The inventory has been carried out using the standard CCP software and methods. The emission
abatement figures that appear in the tables of this report have been calculated by energy consultants
& HSC staff using the current electricity coefficient of 0.968 kg CO2/kWh and a gas coefficient of
63.2 kg CO2/GJ for NSW and ACT published by the Australian Greenhouse Office, 2002.




                                                 - 13 -
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


Progress Toward Reduction Goal

The following graph illustrates Council‟s progression from the baseline to re-inventory years and
towards the target year of 2010.




The 1995-1996 inventory established 10,101 tonnes e-CO2 for corporate emissions and the 2000-
2001 inventory revealed total corporate emissions of 11,108 tonnes e-CO2 even with total
abatements of 1695 tonnes for that year.

The total height of the column for 2010 (10,779 tonnes) is taken from the predicted emissions for
this year calculated during the first inventory using the CCP software. Based on the 1996 inventory
and a set reduction target of 20%, the desired emissions for 2010 is 8081 tonnes e-CO2 (shown as
the bottom emiisions section). This figure is 2698 tonnes below the total and is shown as the
abatement required to achieve the target. To reach it‟s designated target Council will have to
achieve a further abatement of 3,027 tonnes in the next 8 years. This target figure does not,
however, take into account a 30% increase in staff with cars, and increases in assets in buildings,
parks and street lighting.

The projected emissions abatement for 2002-2003 is:

   910 tonnes for buildings as a result of the implementation of an Energy Performance Contract,
   approximately 300 tonnes resulting from the installation of a cogeneration system at Hornsby
    Central Library,
   approximately 500 tonnes due to purchase of 10% Greenpower for street lighting, and
   approximately 100 tonnes through downsizing vehicles and substitution to hybrid electric.

This totals 1,810 tonnes, which is over half of the required abatement.


                                                - 14 -
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report

Other measures that are expected to contribute to the abatement of emissions will result from a new
waste collection contract in which the new contractor will ensure a greater diversion of community
waste away from landfill and the use of cleaner fuels (CNG or alternative such as Euro 3 & 4
diesel). The expected emissions reduction has not yet been determined, but is expected to be
significant.

If no abatement measures had been implemented (ie. business as usual) then the total emissions for
the re-inventory year would have been 12,803 tonnes, which is 27% greater than the base year. By
mid 2003 it is expected that total corporate emissions will total approximately 9,265 tonnes, which
is 8% less that the base year. Therefore, the estimated difference between „business as usual‟ and
„with abatement measures‟ will be approximately 35%.




                                               - 15 -
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report



Appendix

Future Strategies and Actions

The vision embodied in the HSC~Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy is for a sustainable Shire
achieved with the implementation of renewable and energy efficient technology and other measures
such as fuel substitution and vehicle downsizing for it‟s vehicle fleet. The measures slated for
implementation in the next 2 to 3 years are listed below.

Main Initiatives in the Corporate Plan:

Buildings
 Installation of a Cogeneration System for Hornsby Library - 300 tonnes p.a. ($292,152).
 Continue purchase of 10% Greenpower to major sites - 280 tonnes p.a. ($3,700 p.a.).
 Staff education re energy saving practices in workplace (budget to be determined).

Vehicle Fleet
 Encourage staff to purchase smaller (1.8litre) cars (incurs savings of approx. $3,400/car).
 Increase number of low emission electric vehicles ($15,000 per vehicle, total unknown).
 Investigate conversion of heavy vehicle fleet to biodiesel (budget to be determined).
 Investigate tree planting for carbon sequestration (budget to be determined).

Street Lighting
 Continue purchase of 10% Greenpower for street lighting – 500 tonnes p.a. ($20,000 p.a.)
 Increase solar lighting in designated areas, eg. Hornsby Mall, remote parks, cycle paths (budget
    to be determined).
 Negotiate with Energy Australia to replace old street lamps with more energy efficient lamps
    where possible (to be determined).


Main Initiatives in the Community Plan:

Education and Awareness
 Community Education – displays, pamphlets, media articles, posters, etc. ($5,000 p.a.)
 LA21 Community Sustainability Indicators Project – environmental protection ($50,000).

Energy Efficiency
 Residential home audits and retrofit program (budget to be determined).
 Mandatory star ratings as part of SEDA‟s EnergySmart Home program (n.a.)

Waste
 Community education – “Waste not such a prickly problem” ($175,000).
 Improved diversion of recyclables from waste stream (budget to be determined)
 Cleaner fuels used in waste collection vehicles (budget to be determined).




                                               - 16 -
Hornsby Shire Council Milestone 5 Report


Future Monitoring and Inventories

It is the intent of Hornsby Shire Council to keep up the momentum of tracking its greenhouse gas
emissions. This is seen as necessary in order to identify areas where abatement is required or
achievable and to ensure that Council is well on the way to reaching its designated target.

The on-going process has already been put in place by the monitoring and verification process that
is an integral part of the Energy Performance Contract (EPC) that covers the majority of Council
sites. In this process the contractors will require constant transfer of bills and information about
energy and water usage in all Council sites in order to identify yearly savings due to the
implemented measures.

In addition, the vehicle fleet will be continually monitored by collating the information on
established databases within Council administration. The consumption of energy due to street
lighting will also be closely followed as Council attempts to implement some abatement measures.
The new waste programs recently put in place at Council will be closely monitored to observe their
effectiveness.

As part of the EPC, key Council management staff will be engaged in an Energy Management
Review panel in which goals will be set and enforced. Council‟s progress will be closely monitored
as it strives to achieve these goals.

Therefore, although the last milestone of the CCP program has been achieved, Councils activities in
monitoring and tracking its emissions will continue in line with its commitment to abate emissions
in all sectors of Council activities. Similarly, now that Council has begun to well and truly “clean
up its own act”, it will now concentrate on the monitoring and reduction of greenhouse gas
emissions due to community activities.




                                                - 17 -

								
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