Human Anatomy and Physiology Pacing Guide by guy23

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									                        PACING GUIDE
                 HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY




Susan Millward
                          Page 1 of 13
                                             PACING GUIDE
                                      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                               TEXT           INDICATORS OF                   RESOURCES OF
                                                               SECTIONS            LEARNING
                                                                                                              DIFFERENTIATION
              UNIT 1: LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION                                                      Glencoe: Hole’s Essentials of Human
 1                                                                                                Anatomy & Physiology
                  INTRODUCTION, HOMEOSTASIS,
(Sept)             AND THE LANGUAGE OF                                                            Glencoe: Hole’s Essentials of Human
                   ANATOMY                                                                        Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory
                  CELLS                                                                          Manual, 8th edition

         INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES                                                                  Glencoe: Hole’s Essentials of Human
                Define anatomy and physiology and       1.2                   SG 4-8
                                                                                                  Anatomy & Physiology Student Study Guide
                 explain their relationship                                                       (SG)
                Describe various levels of structural   1.3
                 organization within the human body,                           CW 2-5, 8-12       Online Learning Center (OLC) (quizzes,
                 and explain how they are related                                                 website links, clinical applications,
                Define and identify the importance                                               interactive activities, labeling activities)
                 of homeostasis to health and            1.5
                 describe an example of a                                                         Essential Study Partner (animations,
                 homeostatic mechanism                                                            learning activities-available through
                Use proper anatomical terminology                                                OLC)
                 to describe directional terms, body     1.7
                 regions, planes of reference and                                                 Digital Content Manager (DCM) for
                 body cavities                                                                    Hole’s Essentials of Human Anatomy
         LAB OBJECTIVES                                                                           & Physiology
                                                                               Lab 2: Body
                Identify correct organ systems for                            Organization and
                 each organ using a human torso                                                   Diploma 6 for Windows (Exam 6 for
                                                                               Terminology
                 model or diagrams                                                                Macintosh)
                Identify major body cavities and the
                                                                                                  Marieb, Elaine N., Anatomy and Physiology
                 organs within
                                                                                                  Coloring Book (CW)

                                                                                                  Review of any chapter content at
                                                                                                  www.mhhe.com/shieress9

                                                                                                  Lab 1: Scientific Method and Measurements

                                                                                                  Identify organs in 3 planes of the body
                                                                                                   from digitized body sections
                                                                                                  www.mhhe.com/shieress8




                                                                Page 2 of 13
                                               PACING GUIDE
                                        HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES             LEARNER OUTCOMES                                 TEXT           INDICATORS OF                           RESOURCES OF
                                                                  SECTIONS            LEARNING
                                                                                                                          DIFFERENTIATION
         CELL OBJECTIVES
                Describe the structure of the plasma       3.2                   SG 19-23
                 membrane and how structure
                 relates to function
                                                                                  CW 30-36
                Identify the major organelles of a         3.2
                 cell, their structure and their function
                Define the types of movement
                 through a membrane, including              3.3
                 osmosis, active transport, diffusion,
                 facilitated diffusion, filtration,
                 endocytosis, and
                 exocytosis
                Identify and describe the stages of        3.4
                 mitosis and cytokinesis
         LAB OBJECTIVES                                                           Lab 3: Care and use of
                Locate, identify and describe the                                                            Virtual Physiology Lab: 9, Diffusion,
                                                                                  the Compound                Osmosis, and Tonicity
                 function of major parts of a                                     Microscope
                 compound microscope
                Demonstrate proper care and use of                                                           Review cell cycle phases and events
                                                                                  Lab 4: Cell Structure and   www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                 a microscope by examining cheek                                  Function
                 cells
                Distinguish between hypertonic,                                  Lab 5: Movements
                 hypotonic and isotonic solutions and                             Through Cell Membranes
                 describe their impact on cells                                   (Parts A, B, D)
                Identify the stages of mitosis using
                 microscopic slides or other                                      Lab 6: The Cell Cycle
                 appropriate models




                                                                   Page 3 of 13
                                              PACING GUIDE
                                       HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                                 TEXT           INDICATORS OF                           RESOURCES OF
                                                                 SECTIONS            LEARNING
                                                                                                                        DIFFERENTIATION
         UNIT 1: LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION
 2            (CONT)

(Oct)             TISSUES
                  SKIN AND BODY MEMBRANES

         TISSUE OBJECTIVES
                Identify the four primary tissue          Chapter 5             SG 33-36, 41
                 families of the body (epithelial,                                                           CW 45-47
                 connective, muscular, nervous)                                  CW 38-43
                 and their chief subcategories.
                Explain how the four major tissue
                 types differ structurally and
                 functionally.
                Discuss the process of tissue repair      6.4
                 and the inflammatory response
         LAB OBJECTIVES                                                          Lab 7: Epithelial Tissues   Identify tissues from micrographs and
                                                                                                             examine the structural components of
                 Examine and differentiate between
                  various kinds of tissue using a                                Lab 8: Connective            tissues
                  microscope and prepared slides                                 Tissues                     www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                  including:
                  epithelial: squamous, stratified,                              Lab 9: Muscle and
                              cuboidal, columnar, and                            Nervous Tissues
                              transitional
                 connective: adipose, blood,
                              cartilage, bone, dense,
                              areolar
                   nervous: neuron, neuroglia
                 muscular: smooth, skeletal, cardiac
                 State the location of the tissue types
                  in the body
         SKIN AND BODY MEMBRANES
             OBJECTIVES
                 List the general functions of each
                  membrane type-cutaneous,
                                                           5.6                   SG 36, 38-41
                  mucous, serous, and synovial-and
                  give its location in the body                                                              CW 56-59
                                                                                 CW 49-54
                 Compare the structure (tissue
                  makeup)of the major membrane
                                                           5.6
                  types
                 Summarize the functions of the skin
                  and explain how these functions are      6.1
                  accomplished
                  Describe the structure and function
                  of the dermis and epidermal layers       6.1
                  Name the factors that determine
                  skin color, and describe the function
                  of melanin.                              6.1
                  Name the glands of the skin, their
                  function, and describe the
                  secretions they produce
                  (sebaceous, sweat, apocrine,             6.2
                  eccrine)
                 Describe the accessory organs of
                  the skin and their function (nails,
                  hair)                                    6.2
                 Identify some health disorders of the
                  integumentary system and their
                  causes, such as skin cancer, burns,
                  acne, color changes                      6.3-6.4
         LAB OBJECTIVES
                 Distinguish between the epidermis,
                  dermis and subcutaneous layers of                              Lab 10: Integumentary       Identify skin layers from micrographs
                  the skin using anatomical structures                           System                      and review the functions of the skin
                  and function                                                                               structures
                  Identify the layers of the skin, hair                                                     www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                   follicles and glands in a prepared
                   slide and diagram

                                                                  Page 4 of 13
                                              PACING GUIDE
                                       HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES             LEARNER OUTCOMES                                TEXT           INDICATORS OF                         RESOURCES OF
                                                                 SECTIONS            LEARNING
                                                                                                                      DIFFERENTIATION
         UNIT II: SUPPORT AND MOVEMENT
  3               SKELETAL SYSTEM
                  ARTICULATIONS
(Nov)             MUSCULAR SYSTEM

         SKELETAL SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
                List and explain the function of the      7.1, 7.4              SG 45-49, 52
                 skeletal system
                Differentiate between the basic           7.2                   CW 62-83                  CW 86-88
                 structure of compact and cancellous
                 bone
                 Identify microscopic bone                7.2
                 structures including Haversian
                 systems, osteocytes, osteoclasts,
                 osteoblasts, bone matrix,
                 periosteum
                                                           7.3
                Explain the process of bone
                 formation, growth and repair
                                                           7.5-7.12
                List and identify the bones which
                 make up the appendicular and axial
                 skeleton
                Describe some disorders/diseases
                                                           p. 131, 133
                 affecting the skeletal system such
                 as
                  osteomalacia, rickets, osteoarthritis,
                 rheumatoid arthritis,
                 compound/simple fractures, bursitis,
                 osteoporosis

         LAB OBJECTIVES
                                                                                 Lab 12: Organization of   Lab 11: Structure of Bone
                Distinguish between the axial                                   the Skeleton
                 skeleton and the appendicular                                                             Review skeletal anatomy and the
                 skeleton                                                        Select sections from      functions and features of individual
                Locate and name the major bones                                 each of the following     bones
                 of the human skeleton                                           labs:
                Distinguish by examination the                                  Lab 13: The skull
                                                                                                           www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                 different types of vertebrae                                    Lab 14: Vertebral
                Identify bones and their major                                  Column and Thoracic
                 processes from an assembled and                                 Cage
                 disarticulated                                                  Lab 15: Pectoral Girdle
                  skeleton                                                       and Upper Limb
                                                                                 Lab 16: Pectoral Girdle
                                                                                 and Lower Limb


         ARTICULATIONS OBJECTIVES
                Describe and locate the different                               SG 53
                 types of joints including synovial,       7.13
                 fibrous, and cartilaginous, and                                 CW 83-85
                 compare the amount of movement
                 allowed by each                                                                           Review joints
                                                                                 Lab 17: The Joints
                Distinguish between the following         7.13                                            www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                 movements: flexion/extension,
                 rotation/circumduction,
                 abduction/adduction, and
                 supination/pronation                      7.13
                compare major categories of joints
                 as to their structure and mobility        7.13
                Demonstrate or identify the various
                 body movements




                                                                  Page 5 of 13
                                              PACING GUIDE
                                       HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                                 TEXT           INDICATORS OF                          RESOURCES OF
                                                                 SECTIONS            LEARNING
                                                                                                                       DIFFERENTIATION
         MUSCULAR SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
               Describe similarities and differences      review 5.4            SG 58-61
                in the structure and function of the
                three types of muscle tissue, and                                CW 89-96, 97-111          CW 112-114
                indicate where they are found in the
                body

                  Describe the gross and microscopic
                   anatomy of skeletal muscle              8.2
                  Describe how an action potential is
                   initiated in a muscle cell and the      8.3
                   events of muscle cell contraction
                   Describe graded response, tetanus,
                   isotonic and isometric contractions,
                   and muscle tone as these terms          8.4
                   apply to a skeletal muscle
                  Identify some human superficial
                   muscles including their name,
                   origin, insertion , antagonist muscle   8.7-8.8
                   group, and primary action
                  List and describe some
                   problems/diseases of the muscular
                   system such as cerebral palsy,          p. 178, 183
                   muscular dystrophy, and the use of
                   anabolic steroids

         LAB OBJECTIVES
                Identify and describe each type of                              Lab 18: Skeletal Muscle   Virtual Physiology Lab: 3, Frog Muscle
                 muscle tissue microscopically                                   Structure
                                                                                                           Determine the origin, insertion, action,
                Name and locate the major
                                                                                 Select sections from      nerve innervation, blood supply of
                 structures of a skeletal muscle fiber
                                                                                 each of the following     major muscles,
                Distinguish between the origin and                              labs:                     identify muscles (interactive site)
                 insertion of a muscle
                                                                                 Lab 19: Muscles of the    www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                Describe the general actions of                                 Face, Head, and Neck
                 prime movers, synergists, and                                   Lab 20: Muscles of the
                 antagonists                                                     Chest, shoulder, and
                                                                                 Upper Limb
                                                                                 Lab 21: Muscles of the
                                                                                 Abdominal Wall and
                                                                                 Pelvic Outlet
                                                                                 Lab 22: Muscles of the
                                                                                 Hip and Lower Limb


  4      UNIT III: REGULATION AND INTEGRATION

(Dec)             NERVOUS SYSTEM
                  SOMATIC AND SPECIAL SENSES
                  ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

         NERVOUS SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
               Name and describe the functions of
                the two major divisions of the             9.1-9.2
                nervous system                                                   SG 67-76, 78-79
               Describe the structure of neurons
                and the function of their                  9.3-9.4               CW 115-117, 118-123,      CW 136-140
                components                                                          126-131
               Explain how a nerve impulse is             9.5-9.8
                conducted along a neuron as well
                as from one neuron to another
                (resting potential, action potential,
                synaptic transmission)
                                                           9.10
               List the parts of a reflex arc and
                describe its function
                                                           9.11
               Discuss the meningeal layers of the
                central nervous system



                                                                  Page 6 of 13
                                               PACING GUIDE
                                        HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                                TEXT              INDICATORS OF                        RESOURCES OF
                                                                SECTIONS               LEARNING
                                                                                                                       DIFFERENTIATION
                  Name the major parts of the brain         9.12-9.13
                   and spinal cord and state the
                   function of each
                  Discuss the formation of                  9.13
                   cerebrospinal fluid and its circulation
                  Contrast the structure and function       9.14-9.15
                   of the autonomic and somatic
                   nervous system
                  Distinguish between sympathetic           9.15
                   and parasympathetic divisions of
                   the autonomic system
                  Identify disorders of the nervous
                   system and their causes such as
                   Parkinson’s disease, multiple
                   sclerosis, tetanus, Alzheimer’s,
                   strokes, poliomyelitis
                                                                                                            Virtual Physiology Lab: 1, Action
         LAB OBJECTIVES                                                            Lab 23: Nervous Tissue
                                                                                                            Potential
                Distinguish between neurons and                                   and Nerves
                 neuroglial cells on prepared slides                                                        Lab 27: Dissection of the Sheep Brain
                Identify the major parts of a neuron                              Lab 24: The Reflex Arc
                 on slides or diagrams                                             and Reflexes
                                                                                                            Review the brain, cranial nerves,
                Demonstrate several reflex actions                                                         spinal cord, and CSF
                                                                                   Select sections from
                Identify important anatomical areas
                 on a spinal cord such as nerve
                                                                                   each of the following    www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                                                                                   labs:
                 plexuses, connective tissue
                                                                                   Lab 25: the Meninges
                 coverings, and white/grey matter
                                                                                   and spinal Cord
                                                                                   Lab 26: The Brain and
                                                                                   Cranial Nerves
         SOMATIC AND SPECIAL SENSES
                      OBJECTIVES
                 Distinguish between somatic                10.1                  SG 83-87
                  senses and special senses
                 Name the five kinds of receptors           10.2-10.3             CW 141-142, 143, 145-
                  and explain their functions                                                               CW 154-156
                                                                                   148
                 Explain the relationship between           10.5-10.6
                  the senses of smell and taste and
                  the mechanism for each
                 Name the parts of the ear and the          10.7
                  function of each
                 Name the parts of the eye and the          10.9
                  function of each

                                                                                   Lab 28: The Ear and      Lab 29: The eye (Procedure B)
         LAB OBJECTIVES                                                            Hearing
                 Identify the major ear structures                                                         Lab 30: Visual Tests and Demonstrations
                 Trace the pathway of sound                                       Lab 29: The Eye
                  vibrations from the tympanic                                     (Procedure A)            Review the anatomy and physiology of
                  membrane to the hearing                                                                   the ear and the causes of hearing
                  receptors                                                                                  impairment.
                 Identify the major eye structures                                                         Review the anatomy and physiology of
                 List the structures through which                                                          the eye and how we see
                  light passes as it travels from the
                  cornea to the retina                                                                      www.mhhe.com/shieress8
         ENDOCRINE SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
                Name and locate the major                   p. 298                SG 92-95
                 endocrine glands and tissues of
                 the body                                                          CW 157-163               CW 165-166
                Differentiate between the effects           11.3
                 of steroid and non-steroid
                 hormones on target cells
                List hormones produced by the               11.3-11.6
                 endocrine glands and the
                 physiological effects of each
                Describe how the hypothalamus
                 regulates hormone secretion from            11.4-11.5
                 the pituitary gland

                                                                    Page 7 of 13
                                             PACING GUIDE
                                      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES             LEARNER OUTCOMES                          TEXT              INDICATORS OF                       RESOURCES OF
                                                           SECTIONS               LEARNING
                                                                                                                 DIFFERENTIATION
                   Describe pathological
                    consequences of hypersecretion      11.3-11.5
                    and hyposecretion of various
                    hormones
                   Describe and give an example of a   p. 282, 291
                    negative feedback mechanism in
                    hormonal production and control

         LAB OBJECTIVES
                   Locate and identify each of the                           Lab 31: Endocrine       Review the endocrine system and
                    endocrine glands in the body from                         System                  common endocrine disorders
                    a model or diagram                                                                www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                   Name the hormones secreted by
                    each of the major glands and the
                    principal functions of each
                    hormone
             Optional: examine glandular tissue under
             a microscope


 5       UNIT IV: TRANSPORT
                  BLOOD
(Jan)             CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

         BLOOD OBJECTIVES
                List the functions of blood            12.1                  SG 100-104
                Describe the structure, function and   12.2
                 life cycle of erythrocytes                                   CW 167-173
                                                        12.2                                          CW 174-176
                Identify the various types of
                 leukocytes and the role each plays
                 in the body
                Describe the components of plasma      12.3
                 and give their functions
                Describe the major events of           12.4
                 hemostasis
                                                        12.5
                Explain the basis of ABO and Rh
                 incompatibilities
                Identify various disorders of the      p. 311, 316
                 blood such as anemia, leukemia,
                 hemophilia, polycythemia
         LAB OBJECTIVES
                                                                              Lab 32: Blood Cells     Review blood cell identification,
                 Examine blood cells, identifying                            (Procedure A and B)
                  erythrocytes and the five types of                                                  functions, and related abnormalities
                  leukocytes                                                                          www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                 Perform a differential white blood
                  cell count and give examples of                                                     Blood Typing Kit-such as Understanding the
                  disorders that produce abnormal                                                     Genetics of Blood Groups Using
                  blood test values                                                                   Neo/Blood (NeoSci #20-2133)

         CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
               Describe the structure and function     13.2                  SG 109-114
                of the heart
               Describe the flow of blood through      13.2                  CW 177-181, 184, 186-   CW 197-200
                the heart, naming each chamber,                               187
                valve, and vessel through which the
                blood passes
               Explain the structure and function of   13.3
                the conduction system of the heart
               Distinguish between systemic,           13.3
                cardiac, and pulmonary circulation
               Describe the intrinsic and extrinsic    13.3
                regulation of the heart
               Distinguish between an artery, vein,    13.4
                and capillary based on structure,
                location, and function
               Describe the exchange of material       13.4
                across the capillary membrane


                                                               Page 8 of 13
                                             PACING GUIDE
                                      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                            TEXT              INDICATORS OF                          RESOURCES OF
                                                            SECTIONS               LEARNING
                                                                                                                     DIFFERENTIATION
                Explain the mechanisms of return of     13.4
                 venous blood to the heart
                Describe how blood pressure is          13.5
                 created, monitored, and controlled
                Identify some major vessels of the      13.7-13.8
                 body and the areas they service
                Identify various disorders such as      p. 340
                 tachycardia, heart murmurs,
                 pericarditis, coronary heart disease,
                 heart failure, aneurysm,
                 hypertension, arteriosclerosis
         LAB OBJECTIVES
                Identify major structural features of                         Lab 35: Structure of the   Lab 35: Structure of the Heart
                 the heart using a model                                       Heart (Procedure A)        (Procedure B)
                Examine pulse, determine pulse
                 rates                                                         Select sections from the   Lab 36: The Cardiac Cycle
                                                                               following labs:
                If possible, use a stethoscope to
                 identify cardiac cycle sounds and a                           Lab 37: Blood Vessels      Trace blood flow through an animated
                 sphygmomanometer to measure                                   Lab 38: Pulse Rate and     heart at various rates. Identify heart
                 blood pressure                                                Blood Pressure             structures and take an animated tour
                                                                               Lab 39: Major Arteries     of the heart. Identify heart sounds.
                Locate major arteries and veins in
                                                                               and Veins                  Compare normal and abnormal ECG’s.
                 the pulmonary and systemic circuits
                 using a chart or model                                                                   www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                Distinguish between a cross section
                 of an artery and vein
                 microscopically
         UNIT V: PROTECTION
 6               LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
                 IMMUNE SYSTEM
(Feb)    LYMPHATIC SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
                 Describe the structure and principal   14.1                  SG 118-120
                  functions of the lymph system
                                                                               CW 201-203, 206-207,
                 Describe how lymph is formed and       14.2-14.3                                        CW 216-222
                  transported                                                     209-211, 214
                 Name three lymphatic organs and        14.5-14.6
                  explain the functions of each


         LAB OBJECTIVES
                  Locate and identify the major
                   lymphatic pathways                                          Lab 40: Lymphatic          Locate the 6 major areas of lymph
                                                                               System                      nodes,
                  Describe the structure of a lymph
                   node                                                                                   and identify the lymphatic system
                                                                                                          components
                  Identify the major microscopic
                   structures of a lymph node,                                                            www.mhhe.com/shieress8
                   thymus, and spleen
               
         IMMUNE SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
                Distinguish between innate (non-        14.7-14.9             SG 120-124
                 specific) and adaptive (specific)
                 defenses and provide examples of
                 each
                Differentiate between antibody and      14.9
                 antigen
                Compare the functions of the B- and     14.9
                 T-cell lymphocytes
                Discuss the relationship between        p. 376, 378-379
                 the HIV virus and the immune
                 system
                 diseases, AIDS




                                                                Page 9 of 13
                                              PACING GUIDE
                                       HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                             TEXT              INDICATORS OF                      RESOURCES OF
                                                             SECTIONS               LEARNING
                                                                                                                  DIFFERENTIATION
         UNIT I: NUTRIENT AND GAS EXCHANGE
 7                DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
                  RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
(Mar)
         DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
                Describe the location and functions      15.1                 SG 129-138
                 of the organs of the alimentary                                                       CW 259-262
                 canal                                                         CW 239-245, 248-250
                Explain the difference between           15.1
                 mechanical and enzymatic digestion
                 and the organs which perform each
                Describe mastication, deglutition,
                 and peristalsis                          15.2
                Label the parts of a typical tooth and
                 describe the functions of the            15.3
                 different types of teeth
                Explain the role of the accessory
                 organs in the digestive process,         15.4, 15.7, 15.8
                 including the salivary glands,
                 pancreas, gall bladder, and liver
                Discuss the functions and sources
                 of the major enzymes including
                                                          in individual
                 amylase, pepsin, lipase, trypsin,
                                                          sections of text
                 proteases
                List the stomach secretions,
                                                          15.6
                 describe their functions, and explain
                 how each is regulated
                Identify the major components of         15.7
                 pancreatic secretion, their functions
                 and how they are regulated               15.8
                Describe bile, its source,
                 composition, function and regulation
                List the major functions of the liver    15.8
                List the anatomical and histological     15.9
                 characteristics of the small intestine
                 that account for its large surface
                 area
                List the anatomical and histological     15.10
                 characteristics and functions of the
                 large intestine
                Explain the hepatic portal system        review p. 353-354
                 and its relation to the digestive
                 system
                Describe the processes of                throughout chapter
                 carbohydrate, lipid, and protein         15
                 digestion, absorption, and
                 metabolism
                Describe the diseases/disorders of       p. 397, 402, 409-
                 the digestive system such as             412
                 heartburn, gastric/duodenal ulcers,
                 hepatitis, appendicitis, jaundice,
                 cirrhosis, constipation, diarrhea

         LAB OBJECTIVES
                 Locate and identify digestive and
                  accessory organs with a model                                Lab 41: Organs of the
                 Describe the histology of the                                Digestive System        Virtual Physiology Lab: 8, Digestion of
                  gastrointestinal wall, including the                                                 Fat
                  four layers, villi, and microvilli                           Lab 42: Action of a
                 Investigate the action of pancreatic                         Digestive Enzyme        Virtual Physiology lab: 10, Enzyme
                  enzymes on carbohydrates and/or                                                      Characteristics
                  lipids and the effect of temperature
                  on enzymatic activity                                                                Summarize the functions of the digestive
         IF TIME PERMITS, INCLUDE NUTRITION               15.11                                        system organs
                                                                                                       www.mhhe.com/shieress8


                                                                 Page 10 of 13
                                             PACING GUIDE
                                      HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                            TEXT              INDICATORS OF                    RESOURCES OF
                                                            SECTIONS               LEARNING
                                                                                                               DIFFERENTIATION
         RESPIRATORY SYSTEM OBJECTIVES
                Name the structures and describe        16.1-16.2          SG 138-142
                 the functions of the upper and lower
                 respiratory tracts
                Identify respiratory air volumes        16.3               SG 145-150
                 during normal and forceful breathing
                 efforts                                                    CW 225-226, 228, 233    CW 236-238
                Describe the mechanisms
                 responsible for inspiration and         16.3
                 expiration, including pressure
                 changes, muscular contractions,
                 and nervous control
                Explain how alterations in blood        16.4
                 carbon dioxide levels, blood pH, and
                 blood oxygen levels effect
                 respiration
                Discuss the role of partial pressure
                 in the exchange of gasses in lungs      16.5
                 and tissues
                Explain the role of hemoglobin in
                 the transport of gases                  16.6
                Describe three ways in which
                 carbon dioxide is carried in the        16.6
                 blood
                Identify respiratory problems and
                                                         p. 439, 448
                 causes of conditions such as
                 tuberculosis, emphysema, asthma,
                 pneumonia, pleurisy, lung cancer,
                 hyperventilation, and cystic fibrosis

         LAB OBJECTIVES
                Label the major respiratory system                         Lab 43: Organs of the   Virtual Physiology Lab: 6, Pulmonary
                 structures on a diagram or model                                                    Function
                                                                            Respiratory System
                Recognize ciliated epithelium and                                                  Virtual Physiology Lab: 7, Respiration
                 lung tissue on a microscopic slide                                                 and Exercise
                Trace the movement of air through
                 the respiratory tract                                                              Review the structure and function of the
                                                                                                    respiratory system
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                                                                Page 11 of 13
                                                      PACING GUIDE
                                               HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

        CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                             TEXT              INDICATORS OF                       RESOURCES OF
                                                                     SECTIONS               LEARNING
                                                                                                                          DIFFERENTIATION
8                UNIT VII: WASTE REMOVAL
(Apr)               URINARY SYSTEM
                 OBJECTIVES
                    List the organs of the urinary system and    17.1               SG 154-158
                     state a function of each
                    Describe the structure and location of the   17.2               CW 263-269, 272            CW 274-276
                     nephron within the kidney and explain the
                     functions of its parts
                    Trace the path of blood through the renal    17.2
                     blood vessels
                    Explain the production and composition
                     of glomerular filtrate                       17.3
                    Identify principal factors that influence
                     filtration pressure and explain how they     17.3
                     affect the rate of filtration
                    Trace the path of filtrate through a renal
                     tubule                                       17.3
                    Explain tubular reabsorption and
                                                                  17.3
                     secretion and how they affect the
                     composition of urine
                    Explain the regulation of urine
                                                                  17.3
                     concentration and volume dealing with
                     hormonal, neural, and chemical controls
                    Describe the micturition reflex              17.4
                    Discuss disorders such as renal failure,     p. 467
                     dialysis, kidney stones, and cystitis

                 LAB OBJECTIVES                                                      Lab 45: Structure of the   Urinary system review
                    Describe the location of the kidneys                            Kidney
                    Locate and identify the gross anatomical                                                   www.mhhe.com/shieress9
                     features of a kidney using a model or                           Lab 46: Urinalysis
                     diagram
                    Describe the features of a nephron and                                                     Lab 45: Kidney dissection
                     locate them in a model
                    Conduct urinalysis tests and use them to
                     determine the substances present in a
                    urine specimen




                                                                         Page 12 of 13
                                                      PACING GUIDE
                                               HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

        CYCLES            LEARNER OUTCOMES                              TEXT              INDICATORS OF                   RESOURCES OF
                                                                      SECTIONS               LEARNING
                                                                                                                         DIFFERENTIATION
                 UNIT IX: REPRODUCTION
                    MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
                    FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

9                REPRODUCTION OBJECTIVES
(May)              Name the parts of the male and female          19.2, 19.4, 19.6   SG 168-175
                    reproductive system and their functions
                   Describe the structure of the testes and       19.2               CW 277-280, 282-285,   CW 296-298
                    ovaries and the formation of gametes                                 290-292
                   Describe the route sperm cells follow
                    from the site of their production to outside   19.2
                    the body
                   Describe the structure of the penis            19.2
                   Explain the hormonal control of male and
                    female reproduction                            19.3, 19.5
                   Describe the process of ovulation and
                                                                   19.4
                    fertilization
                   Trace the pathway of an egg after
                                                                   19.4
                    ovulation
                   List major events of the menstrual cycle       19.5
                   Discuss disorders such as breast cancer,       p. 496, 497, 511
                    pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility,
                    prostate cancer, and sexually transmitted
                    diseases

                     IF TIME, describe human development,
                      pregnancy, labor ,and contraception


                 LAB OBJECTIVES
                    Examine microscopic structures of                                Lab 47: Male           Review the structures and functions
                     mammalian ovary and sperm, relating                              Reproductive System     of the male and female reproductive
                     structure to function                                            Lab 48: Female         systems. Examine topics of infertility,
                    Locate and name the structures of the                            Reproductive System     fetal development, pregnancy,
                     male and female reproductive systems                                                    and birth.
                     using a model or diagram
                    Describe the effects of FSH and LH on
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                     ovarian and testicular function

                 OPTIONAL-view the film Miracle of Life




                                                                          Page 13 of 13

								
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