The Space Race - PowerPoint by liwenting

VIEWS: 62 PAGES: 11

									The Space Race
  Sputnik




October 4, 1957
   Luna




October 4, 1959
      Project Mercury 1958-62
• First man in space program
• 6 manned flights
Objectives:

    • To orbit a manned spacecraft around the
      Earth.
    • To investigate man’s ability to function in
      space.
    • To recover man and spacecraft safely.
1 st   American in Space
              Alan B. Shepard, Jr.

              • May 5, 1961 (USSR:
                April 12, 1961)
              • Freedom 7
              • 15 minutes, 28 seconds
         1 st   American in Orbit
John H. Glenn, Jr.

• February 20, 1962
• Friendship 7
• 4 hours, 55 minutes,
  23 seconds
                         Gemini

• 2nd manned space program announced in January 1962.
• 2 man spacecraft
• 12 flights including 2 unmanned flights to test equipment.

Objectives:
• To subject man and equipment to long duration space flight (up to 2
  weeks.)
• To rendezvous and dock with orbiting vehicles.
• To perfect methods of entering the atmosphere and landing at a
  preselected point on land. (The land landing was cancelled in 1964.)
"I believe this nation should commit itself to
achieving the goal, before this decade is out,
of landing a man on the Moon and returning
him safely to Earth. No single space project in
this period will be more impressive to
mankind, or more important in the long-range
exploration of space; and none will be so
difficult or expensive to accomplish."

                       - John F. Kennedy
                         Special Joint Session of Congress
                         May 25, 1961
“We set sail on this new sea because there is new
knowledge to be gained, and new rights to be won,
and they must be won and used for the progress of all
people. For space science, like nuclear science and all
technology, has no conscience of its own. Whether it
will become a force for good or ill depends on man,
and only if the United States occupies a position of
preeminence can we help decide whether this new
ocean will be a sea of peace or a new, terrifying
theater of war.”
                                   John F. Kennedy
                                   Rice University Stadium
                                   Houston, Texas
                                   September 12, 1962
        The Apollo Program…
• Apollo I



•   Apollo 7
•   Apollo 8
•   Apollo 9
•   Apollo 10
            Lunar Landings
Apollo 11 – men on the moon   •   Apollo 12
• Lunar Landing – 7/20/1969   •   Apollo 14
• Neil Armstrong, Michael     •   Apollo 15
  Collins, Edwin Aldrin       •   Apollo 16
                              •   Apollo 17

								
To top