The plane

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					                                              Key dates
                                    1900     Brothers building and flying kites
                                             and gliders.
                                    1903     First powered flight at Kitty Hawk

                                    1908     First passenger carried by brothers




   The Wright brothers originally worked in a bicycle repair shop.
    This is where they learned and practiced most of their engineering
    skills.
   They became interested in flying around 1899.
   ‘The Flyer’ flew 120 feet under its own power on its first attempt
    in 1903. By the fourth attempt the Wright brothers had achieved
    over 800 feet.
                                          Key dates
                                1909     Louise Bleriot flew over the English
                                         Channel
                                1919     First regular daily international
                                         scheduled flight – London to Paris
                                         in 2 hours
                                1921     All commercial services in Britain
                                         had been stopped due to high
                                         costs
                                1927     Charles Lindbergh flew across the
                                         Atlantic

   Planes were developed as bombers for World War I, and after the
    war some were converted to carry passengers and goods.
   The war had destroyed many railroads across Europe, meaning
    that flying became a viable alternative to rail travel.
   By 1921 the costs of operating services with so few wealthy
    passengers willing to pay high fares had caused British
    commercial air services to stop flying.
   British Airways was originally
    called ‘Imperial Airways’ and was
    made up of 4 smaller British airlines.
    It received money from the
    government in 1924 to help it
    develop routes to places such as
    India and Egypt.
   Routes such as this were long and
    complex, relying on stops in several
    places along the way.
   It also offered shorter and safer
    routes to places such as Germany
    and Denmark.
   Numbers of passengers grew
    dramatically in the late 1920s with
    1000 people travelling across the
    English Channel in 1 week in 1929.
   1936 British Imperial Airways begin
    experimental flight to America
    using ‘flying boats’. Flights took
    nearly a day.
In the 1950s there were still very few people who had the
opportunity to fly. Travellers tended to be the very wealthy
and those on business who used aeroplanes regularly.
Less than a million people in the UK had flown. This may
sound like a lot but in 2000 this had risen to over 200
million people a year.

Barnstorming…

This was when a person who owned a plane came to the
village and performed stunts and acrobatics for people to
watch.
1976: Concorde introduced
-travels at twice the speed
    of sound (roughly
    1350mph)
-can travel to America in 3
    ½ hours
-Northrop Grumman develops the
B-2 bomber

-"flying wing" design

-made of composite materials rather
than metal

-cannot be detected by conventional
radar

-about the same time, Lockheed
designs the F-117 stealth fighter,
also difficult to detect by radar.
-Boeing debuts the twin-engine 777

-the biggest two-engine jet ever to
fly

-first aircraft produced through
computer-aided design and
engineering
-NASA teams with American
and Russian aerospace for the
21st century

-Tu-144LL, a first-generation
Russian supersonic jetliner
modified into a flying
laboratory

-conducts supersonic research
comparing flight data with
results from wind tunnels and
computer modeling
-first full length double-
    decker passenger jet

-carries 800 passengers

				
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posted:4/16/2010
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