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					           Universal Waste
          Green CA Summit
             Conference
           March 12, 2007
California EPA
Department of Toxic Substances Control
Hazardous Waste Management Program
Regulatory and Program Development Branch

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          Presentation Objectives
I.     Define Universal Waste
II.    Provide an overview of the Universal Waste
       Regulations
III.   Summarize the regulatory requirements for
       managing Universal Waste
IV.    Discuss the recycling and recovery payment
       system for electronic waste collectors and
       recyclers
V.     Highlight some Universal Waste information
       resources

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 What are Universal Wastes?
Universal Wastes are hazardous wastes that
   are widely generated by industry and consumers
    alike
   pose lower risks to human health and the
    environment than other hazardous wastes
   have reduced management requirements
    (performance based standards vs. prescriptive)



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     California’s Universal Wastes
             (CCR§66273.1)
   Batteries                          Dental amalgam wastes
   Mercury thermostats                Mercury containing gauges
   Lamps                              Mercury added novelties
   Cathode ray tube devices           Counterweights and dampers
   Electronic devices (UWEDs)         Mercury thermometers
   Non-empty aerosol cans             Mercury containing medical
   Mercury containing motor            devices
    vehicle light switches             Mercury containing rubber
   Non-automotive light switches       flooring
                                       Mercury gas flow regulators




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    Universal Wastes commonly
        found in the Office
 Batteries
 Lamps
 Mercury Thermostats
 Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs)
 Universal Waste Electronic Devices
  (UWEDs)


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    Universal Waste Management –
               Handlers


   A “handler” is someone who generates
    universal waste or who receives universal
    waste from another handler…




                                                6
    Universal Waste Management –
       Three Types of Handlers
   Small Quantity Handler: a handler who has
    < 5,000 kg of Universal Waste on site at any time
   Large Quantity Handler: a handler who has
    ≥ 5,000 kg on site at any time
     CRTs   not included in weight determination
   CRT Material Handlers - separate management
    standards from other electronic wastes
   Households and Conditionally Exempt Small
    Quantity Generators (<100kg/mo or 5 CRTs/yr)
                                                    7
    Standards for Universal Waste
            Management
 Performance based vs. prescriptive
 Handlers must manage universal waste in
  a way that prevents the release or
  potential for a release to the environment
 The handler determines how to manage
  the waste in a way that meets the
  regulatory standards

                                               8
Common Standards for all Types
       of Handlers:
   Prohibitions on:
     Treatment
     Disposal

   Labeling/marking Requirements:
       “Universal Waste _____”
   Accumulation time limit:
     Up   to one year




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Common Standards for all Types
       of Handlers:
   Employee training
     Proper   handling and emergency procedures
   Response to releases
     Immediately  contain
     Properly classify and manage residuals




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Common Standards for all Types
       of Handlers:
   Offsite shipments
     Onlyto another handler or a properly
      permitted/authorized Destination Facility
   Tracking shipments and receipts
     Three    year record retention
   Export requirements
     Notice and Consent for most UW exports
     Notice of Intent to Export for electronic devices and
      CRT materials (monitors and TVs, etc.)

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    Standards for Specific Wastes

   Notification
     Small   Quantity Handlers: not required
     Large Quantity Handlers: notify the USEPA’s
      Regional Administrator and get an EPA ID number
     CRT Material Handlers and UW Handlers who
      manage Electronic Devices: Notify DTSC at least
      30 days prior to receiving these wastes from offsite
      (notification not required for generators of CRT
      materials and electronic devices)


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    Standards for Specific Wastes

   Annual Reporting
     Notrequired for most universal waste handling
     Required for CRT Material Handlers and UW
      Handlers who manage Electronic Devices received
      from offsite who:
          Generate more than 220 lbs. of electronic devices or 5000
           kilograms of CRT materials in the year, or
          Who recycle CRT materials or electronic devices
     Reports    for the previous calendar year due February 1


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Electronic Waste Recycling Act -
Senate Bills (SB) 20 and (SB) 50
   Program to fund the collection and
    recycling of video display devices
    determined by DTSC to be hazardous
    waste (“Covered Electronic Devices”)
     Usuallydue to hazardous concentrations of
      lead, mercury, and/or copper
   California consumers pay a fee at the time
    of purchase of covered devices

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CIWMB’s Covered Electronic Waste
Payment System Overview
    CEWs must be canceled and shipped to an “end
     use destination.”
    CIWMB pays $.48 per lb. to the recycler $.20
     per lb. to the approved collector.
    Only electronic devices from a California source
     are eligible for recovery and recycling payments.
    Collection logs and specific documentation is
     required for all loads greater than > 5 CRTs

                                                     15
       What Can’t I Do With My
         Universal Waste?
Universal Waste handlers are PROHIBITED from

 Disposing of Universal Waste in the solid waste
  stream/garbage

 Diluting or treating the UW (except as provided
  in responding to releases or managing specific
  wastes)



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What Can I Do with My Universal
            Waste?
 RECYCLE IT – send your Universal Waste
  to an authorized recycling facility or to
  another handler to be consolidated.
 Manage it as a fully regulated hazardous
  waste, including using a registered HW
  transporter, manifest and shipping only to
  an authorized destination facility.


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Universal Waste Resources
   DTSC’s UW webpage
    (http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/UniversalWaste/index.cfm)

   CIWMB’s CEW Payment System webpage
    (www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/Act2003/)
   www.eRecycle.org
   www.earth911.com




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      Other Hazardous Waste
    Commonly Found in the Office

   Other (non-universal) hazardous wastes may
    be generated in offices
   Examples:
     Used   Oil (found in appliances, hydraulic machinery
      etc.)
     Cleaning Solvents
     Used Paint




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Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity
Generated (CESQG) Waste
 Federal Regulations (Title 40 CFR §261.5)
  define a Conditionally Exempt Small
  Quantity Generator (CESQG) as a
  generator of no more than 100 kg (220
  lbs) of hazardous waste in any calendar
  month
 Most offices would be considered
  CESQGs

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Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity
Generator (CESQG) Waste
   CESQGs may be able to take advantage of a
    local Household Hazardous Waste (HHW)
    collection program
   A CESQG may transport up to 27 gallons or 220
    pounds, but not more than 100 kilograms, per
    month to a household hazardous waste
    collection facility without a HW transporter
    registration or manifest
   HHW programs that accept CESQG waste
    typically do so on certain days and charge for it


                                                    21
Locating your Local HHW
Collection Program


   http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/HHW/Directory/




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       Comments & Questions
   Please submit all comments and/or questions to:
                     Andre Algazi
        Senior Hazardous Substance Scientist
               Phone: (916) 324-3114
                Fax: (916) 327-4495
            Email: Aalgazi@dtsc.ca.gov



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