MCAT AND MEDICAL LICENSING EXAMINATIONS
CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES
Part I: what are MCAT and licensing examinations
1. ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS AND APPLICATION PROCEDURES FOR MEDICAL SCHOOLS
MCAT (Medical College Admission Test): This test is required for entrance by the majority of medical schools
in Canada and the United States. Since 1999, applicants to the University of Ottawa are no longer required
to write the MCAT to be eligible for admission. For further information about MCAT see the Association of
American Medical Colleges (AAMC) website at http://www.aamc.org/students/mcat/. Testing is offered
twice a year, usually in April and August.
In Canada, medical school application procedures are individual to the schools, except in Ontario where the
Ontario Medical School Application Service (OMSAS) centralizes the procedure (see
http://www.ouac.on.ca/omsas/index.html). In the United States, the American Medical College Application
Service (AMCAS) offers centralized applications to many U.S. medical schools (see
2. LICENSING EXAMINATIONS IN CANADA
LMCC (Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada): This is a qualification granted to Canadian graduate
physicians who have passed the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examinations (MCCQE) Parts I and II,
and who have completed one year of post-graduate training. It is required for licensing in all provinces and
territories, except Quebec.*
Graduates of non-Canadian medical schools must successfully complete the Medical Council of Canada
Evaluating Examination (MCCEE) before trying the MCCQE. The exception to this is physicians who are
graduates of medical schools in the United States which have been accredited by the Liaison Committee on
Medical Education (LCME).
These examinations are held twice a year, in March and in September and are offered in English and in French.
Computer-adaptive testing has been put in place since the fall of 1999. For more information see the Medical
Council website, http://www.mcc.ca/english/examinations/evaluating.html.
*For information about Quebec Licensing Examinations contact the Collège des Médecins du Québec in
Montreal, Quebec, www.cmq.org. (You can click on English for the English interface)
NOTE: In addition to the LMCC requirement, many provinces and territories have additional requirements for
licensing such as specialty certification from either the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
or the College of Family Physicians of Canada, or, an internship. Contact the medical licensing body in the
province in which you wish to be licensed for more information.
3. LICENSING EXAMINATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Examination): This is required in all states.** This examination is
given in three steps, As of November 1999, all steps 1-3 are computer-based tests (CBT) available throughout
Step 1 assesses whether medical school students or graduates understand and can apply important concepts of
the sciences basic to the practice of medicine. Step 2 assesses whether medical school students or graduates
can apply medical knowledge, skills and understanding of clinical science essential for provision of patient
care under supervision. Step 3 assesses whether medical school graduates can apply medical knowledge and
understanding of biomedical and clinical science essential for the unsupervised practice of medicine.
For more information about the USMLE see http://www.usmle.org/.
Clinical Skills (CS): since June 2004, USMLE Step 2 CS has replaced the former ECFMG CSA as a
requirement for Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification for graduates
from non-American and non-Canadian medical schools. Information about this requirement can be obtained
**Note that some U.S. states will accept LMCC designation; contact the state licensing authority for specific
information about this and any other requirements for state licensure.
Part II: library resources and Web sites of interest
1. Reserve list
A list of documents has been created by the Faculty of Medicine for people preparing for the LMCC
To obtain the Reserve list, go to the Reserve module of the catalog:
and type Medical exam Canada at either the “Prof” or the “Course” prompt
Direct link to the list: http://188.8.131.52/search/r?SEARCH=medical+exam+canada&sort=
2. Library resources grouped by type of documents
Here are titles and call numbers for printed documents available in the Health Sciences library (RGN); you
can retrieve them on the shelves by call number in the appropriate section of the library. (Ref is the Reference,
Res the Reserve and Gen the General Collection, our regular book section. AV means audiovisual
document, you have to ask for these at the circulation desk)
Practice Exams and review notes (comprehensive)
LMCC PRACTICE EXAMINATIONS
TITLE CALL NUMBER
Medical Council of Canada. (1994). Multiple-choice Question Res R834.5 .M84
Practice Examination. Ottawa: author (this is the most recent edition).
Unpublished MCCQE References
LMCCQE Exam Practice 1991-93 Res ZZH 90007 A
LMCCQE Exam Practice 1994-97 Res ZZH 90007 B
LMCCQE Exam Practice 1998-2000 Res ZZH 90007 C
LMCCQE Exam Practice Complete copy 1991-2000 Res ZZH 90007
Examen pratique français LMCC 2004 (FAEMQ) Res ZZH 90008
The Toronto notes: A comprehensive medical review textbook for the Medical Council of Canada qualifying
Res R 834.5 .M34 (latest ed)
Gen R 834.5 M34 (previous editions)
AV R 834.5 .M34 (CD-ROM)
N.B.: This book used to be called MCCQE review notes up until 2003.
For General Information:
United States medical licensing examination [online]. Search this in the catalogue`s title index and click on
the link below the mention Electronic Access Pasley, James N. USMLE road map [electronic resource] :
physiology Search this in the catalogue`s title index and click on the link below the mention Electronic
Lange outline review USMLE step 1 (2nd ed.) Gen R834.5.L36 2006
Reinheimer, B. A. USMLE step 1 recall : Buzzwords for the boards Gen R834.5 R44 2005
First aid for the USMLE step 1, 2004: A student-to-student guide Res R 834 .F57 2004
USMLE step 1 secrets Gen R834.5 U85 2004
Basic science color atlas: Step 1 Gen RB120 B37 2003
Lange outline review USMLE step 2 (5th ed. ed.) Gen R 834.5 L362 2006
Van Kleunen, J. P. Step-up to USMLE step 2 Gen RC 58 .V36 2006
Blueprints Q&A step 2 medicine Gen R 834.5 .B58 2005
Blueprints Q & A step 2 surgery (2nd ed. ed.) Gen RD 37.2 .B58 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 2 obstetrics & gynecology Gen RG 111 .B58 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 2 pediatrics (2nd ed. ed.) Gen RJ 48.2 .B58 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 2 psychiatry (2nd ed. ed.) Gen RC 457 .B58 2005
First aid for the USMLE step 2 CS Gen R 834 .F572 2004
Appleton & lange review for the USMLE step 2 (4th ed.) Res R 834.5 .A6629 2003
Clinical science color atlas : Steps 2 & 3 Gen RC 59 .C55 2003
First aid for the USMLE step 3 Gen R 834.5 F52 2005
Appleton & lange's outline review for the USMLE step 3 (3rd ed) Gen R 834.5 A662 2003
NMS Medicine Gen RC59 M44 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 3 medicine (2nd ed. ed.) Gen R 834.5 .B582 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 3 pediatrics (2nd ed. ed.) Gen RJ 48.2 .B582 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 3 obstetrics & gynecology Gen RG 111 .B582 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 3 psychiatry (2nd ed. ed.) Gen RC 457 .B582 2005
Blueprints Q&A step 3 surgery (2nd ed. ed.) Gen RD 37.2 .B582 2005
Clinical science color atlas : Steps 2 & 3 Gen RC 59 .C55 2003
Review for USMLE : United States Medical Licensing Examination, Res R 834.6 R676 2003
Other USMLE resources:
You can find more USMLE resources by searching the word USMLE (or usmle, it is not caps-sensitive) in the
Keyword index of the library catalogue.
Practice Exams and Review Questions (Subject Specific)
Other multiple choice questions books published by commercial publishers are not officially linked to any particular
US or Canadian examination, but they are good tools to help you review global knowledge in the basic sciences.
To locate the materials on specific topics, such as Obstetrics & Gynecology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, etc., please
check University of Ottawa Library catalogue.
At the HS Library home page (http://www.biblio.uottawa.ca/health/index-e.php), click on Catalogue under Search.
Click on the Keyword tab. You can then type your subject in the 1st box (for instance, microbiology). If you want you
can also use the drop down menu to select the subject index. Type the word examinations in the 2nd box. Also limit this
search to the subject field. If you scroll down the screen, you will see that you can limit your search to a certain year
or a year range. You can limit your location to the Health Sciences Library. Click on Submit.
Feel free to ask the person at the reference desk, should you need further explanations.
Web sites of interest
Practice Examinations on the Web
LMCC Practice examination - part 1: sample questions are available at
Self Administered Evaluation Examination (SAEE) (Registration required, $) Put out by the Medical
Council of Canada, intended for graduates of international medical schools wishing to test their level of
preparedness for the MCCEE.
EXAM MASTER (preparation for USMLE) http://www.exammaster.com/ (registration required, $)
Orientation and Practice Materials, USMLE Step 1, Step 2 (CK and CS), and Step 3:
Associations or organizations
Canadian Resident Matching Service
Canadian Medical Placement Service
Canadian Federation of Medical Students
Federation of State Medical Boards
Medical Practice in the USA
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
NLM - FAQ Medical Education and Career Information
TITLE CALL NUMBER
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Accredited
Residency Programs (latest ed.) Ref R 749 A6 R69
List of all the residency programs in Canada. Also available in electronic format from the Library
catalog record. Click on the link below the mention Electronic access.
American Medical Association. Graduate Medical Education Directory Res R 840 D56
This is the list of Residency programs available in the United States.
Association of American Medical Colleges. Directory of Ref R 745 .A863
American Medical Education. (latest ed.)
This lists all the Medical Schools in the United States with main contacts.
World directory of medical schools. Geneva: WHO, 2000 Ref 735 A4 W67
This edition is also available on the WHO Web site, with regular updates :
Handbooks & Guides
Objectives for the Qualifying Examination. Available online.
Canadian Medical Association. (1998). MedGuide: An Information Ref RA 396 .C2 B76
and Licensure Handbook for Canadian and Foreign Physicians, 5th ed.
(This is the latest available edition, verified March 2007)
American Medical Association. State Medical Ref RA 396 .A3 U2
Licensure requirements and Statistics (latest ed.)
Washington, D.C.: author
Association of American Medical Colleges. Medical Ref R 745 .A8
School Admission Requirements: United States and Canada
(latest ed.) Washington, D.C. : author
JAMA : Journal of the American Medical Association publishes its Reference Directories, a few times a year.
This includes a listing of organizations of medical interest, State Medical Associations, and details on
examinations and licensure. Please note that since April 2003, JAMA is available in electronic version only.
Search JAMA : Journal of the American Medical Association in the Journal Title index of the library catalog.
In the notice for JAMA, click on the link for the electronic full text. You can then run an Advanced Search on
the journal search interface, please feel free to ask for help with this.