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					                                  Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                 Acronym   Definition                                            Agency (or Author)/Document

                                 A water conservation measure where the water
                                 supplier establishes a water conservation advisory
                                 committee to involve the public (or members in the
                                 case of a water supply wholesaler or water supply
                                 authority) in the conservation process; potential
                                 committee members include elected officials, local
                                 business people, interested citizens, agency           USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Advisory Committee
                                 representatives and representatives of concerned local Guidelines (1998), Level 1 Measure
                                 groups, water conservation coordinators. The
                                 committee can provide feedback about public
                                 information and support for conservation in the
                                 community, as well as feedback to the water supplier
                                 concerning its conservation plan and help develop
                                 new material and ideas.

                                 The use of water for fountains, waterfalls, and
                                 landscape lakes and ponds where such uses are         SRWMD: 40B-2.021, F.A.C.
  Aesthetic use
                                 entirely decorative and serve no other functional     (Adapted)
                                 purpose.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                Page 1 of 33                                                     4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                            Agency (or Author)/Document

                                    Salt water; brackish surface and groundwater; surface
                                    water captured predominately during wet-weather
                                    flows; sources made available through the addition of
                                    new storage capacity for surface or groundwater,
                                    water that has been reclaimed after one or more public
  Alternative water
                                    supply, municipal, industrial, commercial, or          Ch. 373.019, F.S.
  supplies
                                    agricultural uses; the downstream augmentation of
                                    water bodies with reclaimed water; stormwater; and
                                    any other water supply source that is designated as
                                    non-traditional for a water supply planning region in
                                    the applicable regional water supply plan.


                                    The quantity of water withdrawn during any 365 day
  Annual withdrawal                                                                       NWFWMD: Ch. 40A-2, F.A.C.
                                    period.
                                    Unmetered water used for beneficial purposes (e.g.,
  Authorized unmetered
                                    firefighting and training, flushing mains, etc.) as   AWWA: Manual 36 (Adapted)
  water use
                                    approved by the utility.

  Average daily rate of             The volume of water withdrawn during a specific
                                                                                          SRWMD: 40B-2.021, F.A.C.
  withdrawal                        period divided by the number of days in the period.

                                    A water system's average daily use based on total     Vickers, Amy: Handbook of Water
  Average-day demand        ADD
                                    annual water production divided by 365.               Use and Conservation (2001)

                                    The cost avoided by selecting one alternative over    Anderson, Damann (Hazen and
  Avoided cost
                                    another to achieve a specified goal.                  Sawyer)



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 2 of 33                                                     4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                               Agency (or Author)/Document
                                    An established value or trend used for comparison
                                                                                             USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Baseline                          when conditions are altered, (e.g., introduction of
                                                                                             Guidelines
                                    water conservation measures).

                                    Expected performance of a best management                Conserve Florida Meeting Notes
  Benchmark
                                    practice or water conservation measure.                  (December 6, 2004)

                                    A comparison of total benefits to total costs, usually
                                    expressed in monetary terms, used to measure             USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Benefit-cost analysis
                                    efficiency and evaluate alternatives; see also avoided   Guidelines
                                    cost.

                                                                                             Performance Standards for
                                                                                             demonstrating Urban Water
                                    Implementation of all available water conservation
                                                                                             Conservation, a Briefing Book
  Benefit-cost standard             measures with economic benefits that exceed
                                                                                             prepared for California Urban Water
                                    economic costs.
                                                                                             Agencies, by Thomas Chesnutt (June
                                                                                             1997)
                                    A water conservation measure or system of business
  Best management
                            BMP     procedures that is beneficial, empirically proven, cost Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  practice
                                    effective, and accepted in the user community.
                                    A quantity of water for which a price per unit of water USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Block
                                    (or billing rate) is established.                       Guidelines

                                    Water use customer class or (sector) that buys large
  Bulk sector or                    amounts of water at a special rate (called a bulk rate).
                                                                                             Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  customer class                    Water that is bought by a bulk customer is not bought
                                    for the purpose of resale.



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 3 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document

                                    Water use customer class (or sub-sector) that is part of
                                    the non-residential sector. Facilities that belong to
  Commercial customer
                                    this customer class are typically privately-owned        Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  class
                                    and/or operated and include commercial facilities
                                    such as hotels and restaurants.

                                                                                           USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Commodity charge                  See variable charge.
                                                                                           Guidelines

                                    A water conservation measure where the water
  Conservation                                                                             CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                    supplier designates a water conservation coordinator
  Coordinator                                                                              Understanding (2004), BMP 12
                                    and support staff (if necessary).

                                    A schedule of utility water rates designed to promote
  Conservation rate
                                    efficient use of water by providing economic          62-40.210, F.A.C.
  structures
                                    incentives; see also water-conserving rate structure.


                                    The goal setting process involves evaluation of the
                                    potential water savings based on a detailed utility
                                    profile, takes full advantage of conservation
                                    opportunities, focuses on the areas of most effective
  Conserve Florida Goal             water savings, and results in the sum of the
                                                                                          Conserve Florida Group
  Setting Process                   anticipated gallons saved through the implementation
                                    of feasible and cost-effective conservation measures
                                    and best management practices. For each utility, the
                                    result can be expressed as gallons saved, percent
                                    reduction, or gallons per capita per day.



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 4 of 33                                                     4/15/2010
                                  Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                 Acronym   Definition                                                Agency (or Author)/Document


                                 Any use of water which reduces the supply from
  Consumptive use                                                                          62-40, F.A.C.
                                 which it is withdrawn or diverted.


                                 A permit issued by a water management district
  Consumptive use                authorizing the use of water from a groundwater or
                         CUP                                                               Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  permit                         surface water source for a specific need; also called a
                                 water use permit.
                                 The comparison of total costs relative to benefits;
                                 costs are expressed in dollars, but benefits can be       FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Cost-effectiveness
                                 expressed in another unit (e.g., a quantity of water);    Initiative (2002)
                                 see also avoided cost.
                                                                                           Performance Standards for
                                                                                           demonstrating Urban Water
                                 Implementation of all available cost-effective
  Cost-effectiveness                                                                       Conservation, a Briefing Book
                                 conservation measures to achieve a specified water
  standard                                                                                 prepared for California Urban Water
                                 use goal.
                                                                                           Agencies, by Thomas Chesnutt (June
                                                                                           1997)

                                 A group of customers (residential, commercial,
                                                                                           USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Customer class                 industrial, wholesale, and so on) defined by patterns
                                                                                           Guidelines (Adapted)
                                 of water usage.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                 Page 5 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                      Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                     Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document

                                     A water conservation measure where the utility
  Customer Leak
                                     notifies customers when a meter reading indicates that Krentz, Lisa (City of Tampa)
  Notification
                                     a leak may be present on the customer's property.

                                     The objective of this measure is to determine the
                                     implementation rate of modifications recommended
                                     by a specific measure or program that the customer
                                     participated in, and to gauge the participant’s
                                     satisfaction with the program. This could be
                                     accomplished by use of a questionnaire sent as a post
  Customer Surveys                   card. Survey questions could include the extent to      Conserve Florida Group
                                     which modifications were implemented, the
                                     customer’s satisfaction with new equipment,
                                     satisfaction with utility personnel and/or utility-
                                     appointed contractors who performed the evaluation
                                     and/or processed the rebate and the customer’s
                                     perceived change in their water bill.

                                     A pricing structure in which the amount charged per
                                     unit of water (e.g., dollars per 1,000 gallons)
  Declining (decreasing)                                                                     FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
                                     decreases as customer water consumption increases.
  block rate structure                                                                       Initiative (2002)
                                     This type of rate structure is not considered to be
                                     water conserving.

                                     A meter installed to measure a single type of use (e.g.,
  Dedicated meter                                                                             Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                     residential irrigation, cooling tower make-up water).




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                    Page 6 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                      Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                     Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document

                                     A projection of future demand that can be made on a    USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Demand forecast
                                     system-wide or customer-class basis.                   Guidelines

                                     The amount by which the demand forecast is
  Demand forecast                    reduced as a result of implementing water
                                                                                         Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  reduction                          conservation measures; expressed as a percentage of
                                     the baseline forecast or in gallons per day.

                                     Water-efficiency measures, practices, or incentives
                                                                                            FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Demand management                  implemented by water utilities to reduce or change the
                                                                                            Initiative (2002)
                                     volume and/or pattern of customer water demand.

                                     The use of water for the individual personal
  Domestic use                       household purposes of drinking, bathing, cooking, or   373.019(4) F.S.
                                     sanitation.
                                     An extended period of below-normal precipitation
                                                                                            FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Drought                            that can result in water supply shortages, increased
                                                                                            Initiative (2002)
                                     water demand, or both.
                                     An element of a utility rate structure intended to
  Drought rate structure             provide an economic incentive to reduce water use      62-40.210, F.A.C.
                                     during times of drought.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                     Page 7 of 33                                                   4/15/2010
                                        Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                       Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document
                                       The time horizon of a BMP or an entire water
                                       conservation Plan. For example, a Plan could have
                                       BMPs that are implemented from year one through
  Duration of
                               DOI     year three (BMP DOI = 3 years) and other BMPs that Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  Implementation
                                       are implemented from year two to year five (BMP
                                       DOI = 4 years), but the overall Plan is a five-year Plan
                                       (Plan DOI = 5 years).

                                       The ultimate destination of water; fixtures,            FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  End use
                                       appliances, equipment, and activities that use water.   Initiative (2002)

                                       The ultimate consumer of water (e.g., a residential,
                                                                                               FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  End user                             commercial, industrial, or agricultural water
                                                                                               Initiative (2002)
                                       customer).

  End-use audit                        See water-use evaluation.

  Equivalent dwelling unit     EDU     See equivalent residential connection.                  Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)

                                       A normalized value to represent a non-residential
  Equivalent residential
                               ERC     account in terms of a residential account, also referred NWFWMD Survey Results
  connection
                                       to as an equivalent dwelling unit.
                                       The use of water for fire fighting purposes, health and
  Essential Use                        medical purposes, and to satisfy federal, state, or local SRWMD: 40B-2.021, F.A.C.
                                       public health and safety requirements.

                                       Water lost from the soil and other surfaces by          Tampa Bay Water: Microirrigation
  Evapotranspiration
                                       evaporation and through plant transpiration.            Guide


Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                       Page 8 of 33                                                     4/15/2010
                                    Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                   Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document
                                   The portion of a water or reclaimed water bill that
  Fixed charge                                                                            FDEP plus additional information
                                   does not vary with water use.

                                   Costs associated with water service that do not vary   USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Fixed costs
                                   with the amount of water produced or sold.             Guidelines

                                                                                          USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                                                                          Guidelines (1998), Level 1 Measure;
                                   A water conservation measure where the water
  Fixed-Interval Meter
                                   supplier reads the service connection meter on a fixed SWFWMD: Water Use Permit
  Reading
                                   interval, preferably monthly.                          Information Manual, Part B - Basis of
                                                                                          Review for 40D-2 Rules, Section 3.2
                                                                                          (2003)

                                   A fee structure in which the price of water or
                                   reclaimed water per unit is constant, regardless of    FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Flat rate structure
                                   consumption. This type of rate structure is not        Initiative (2002)
                                   considered to be water conserving.

                                   An educational outreach program developed by
                                   University of Florida and conducted through county
                                   extension offices throughout Florida to inform
  Florida Yards and
                           FYN     homeowners how they can be more environmentally http://hort.ufl.edu/fyn/faq.htm
  Neighborhoods
                                   friendly with their landscape care practices and how
                                   this can help protect Florida's natural environment for
                                   future generations.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 9 of 33                                                     4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document


                                    A type of quality landscaping that conserves water
                                    and protects the environment by using site-appropriate
  Florida-Friendly                  plants, an efficient watering system, proper planning Combination of F.S. and Tampa Bay
  Landscape                         and design, soil analysis, practical use of turf, the use Water input
                                    of mulches (which may include the use of solid waste
                                    compost), and proper maintenance.


                                                                                           SJRWMD: CUP Applicant's
                                    An instrument used for the precise measurement of
  Flow Meter                                                                               Handbook: Ch. 40C-2, F.A.C (April
                                    water flow.
                                                                                           2002)

                                    Population adjusted for one or more factors such as
  Functional population      FP                                                            SWFWMD Survey Results
                                    seasonal residents, tourists and net commuters.

  Gallons per employee              A performance measure applicable to the non-
                            gped                                                           Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  per day                           residential sector only.

                                    A performance measure applicable to the residential
  Gallons per household             sector only; same as gallons per account per day for
                            gphd                                                          Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  per day                           the single-family sector and gallons per unit per day
                                    for the multi-family sector.


                                    A performance measure that represents the savings
  Gallons per measure               resulting from implementing a best management
                           gpmd                                                            Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  per day                           practice, for a toilet rebate BMP, this would be the
                                    same as gallons per toilet rebated per day.



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                  Page 10 of 33                                                    4/15/2010
                                        Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                       Acronym   Definition                                               Agency (or Author)/Document

                                       Gallons per unit (or apartment) per day; a
                                       performance measure applicable to the multi-family
  Gallons per unit per day     gpud                                                       Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                       residential sector only; same as the multi-family
                                       gallons per household per day.
                                                                                                Georgia Department of Natural
                                       A variation of the inclining block rate structure
                                                                                                Resources: Regional Water
  Goal-based rate                      where a lower rate is charged for water use that is less
                                                                                                Conservation Initiatives
  structure                            than an established goal and a higher rate is set for
                                                                                                Implementation Process (August
                                       water use that is greater than the goal.
                                                                                                2002)
                                       A water conservation quantifiable BMP that provides
                                       rebates (or retrofits) to the single-family and multi-   CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                       family residential sectors and/or to the non-            Understanding (2004), BMP 6;
  High-Efficiency Clothes              residential sector for high-efficiency clothes           Tampa Bay Water: Potable Water
  Washer Rebates or                    washers. Categories include: (1) coin-operated self-     Conservation Best Management
  Retrofits                            serve laundry, non-residential; (2) multi-family         Practices for the Tampa Bay Region
                                       customers with common area washers; (3) multi-           (2003)
                                       family customers with washers in units; and (4)
                                       single family home washers.
                                       A pricing structure in which the amount charged per
  Inclining block (or
                                       unit of potable or reclaimed water (e.g., dollars per    FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  increasing block) rate
                                       1,000 gallons) increases as customer water               Initiative (2002)
  structure
                                       consumption increases.
                                       The additional cost associated with adding an            Vickers, Amy: Handbook of Water
  Incremental cost
                                       increment of capacity to a water supply.                 Use and Conservation (2001)

  Indoor water use audit               See water-use evaluation.



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                      Page 11 of 33                                                      4/15/2010
                                      Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                     Acronym   Definition                                                 Agency (or Author)/Document

                                     Water use customer class (or sub-sector) that is part
                                     of the non-residential sector. Facilities that belong
  Industrial customer
                                     to this customer class are typically privately-owned       Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  class
                                     and/or operated and include industrial facilities such
                                     as factories and power plants.

                                     System of providing water utility customers with
                                     useful information on the relationship between the
                                     amount of water they use and the cost associated with
                                     that use. Examples of the information include the
                                     utility's rate structure, amount of water used in the      62-40.210(17), F.A.C.; See also
                                     current month, amount of water used in the previous        Section 3.6 of the Basis of Review
  Informative billing
                                     month, amount of water used in the same month of           for Water Use Permits for the
                                     the previous year, information on the average usage of     SWFWMD.
                                     all customers in the same customer class, seasonal
                                     rates and applicable months, drought rates,
                                     information on conserving water, or other information
                                     deemed appropriate by the utility.

                                     Water use customer class (or sub-sector) that is part
                                     of the non-residential sector. Facilities that belong
  Institutional customer             to this customer class could be government- and/or
                                                                                                Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  class                              privately-owned and/or operated and include
                                     institutional facilities such as hospitals, schools, and
                                     jails.

  Inverted block rates               See inclining (increasing) block rate.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                     Page 12 of 33                                                         4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                                Agency (or Author)/Document
                                    An on-site evaluation of an irrigation system to assess
                                    its water-use efficiency as measured by distribution
  Irrigation audit
                                    uniformity, irrigation schedule and other factors; see
                                    also water-use evaluation.
                                    A method for optimizing outdoor water use by
  Irrigation scheduling                                                                       Huff, Gail (Florida Irrigation Society)
                                    matching the watering schedule to plant needs.

                                                                                            Florida Irrigation Society: Standards
  Irrigation water use              The ratio of water beneficially used in plant growth to and Specifications for Turf and
  efficiency                        water applied, expressed as a percentage.               Landscape Irrigation Systems
                                                                                            (January 2002)

  Landscape/Irrigation              A water conservation measure where the utility's
  Ordinance                         local government develops a Florida-Friendly
                                                                                              373.185(1)(b), F.S.
  Development and                   Landscape and Irrigation Ordinance and associated
  Implementation                    implementation strategies.

                                    A water conservation measure where the water
                                    supplier surveys the distribution system to identify
  Leak detection and                leak sounds and pinpoint the exact locations of hidden
                                                                                           AWWA Manual M36
  repair                            underground leaks and repair them. If unaccounted
                                    water use is greater than 10% (SWFWMD 12%),
                                    then a leak detection and repair program is required.

                                    The expected useful life of a supply-side or demand-
                                                                                              USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Life span                         side project, measure, or practice; (the life span may
                                                                                              Guidelines
                                    not be identical to useful life for tax purposes).




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 13 of 33                                                          4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document

                                    The sum of the present values of investment costs,
                                    capital costs, installation costs, energy costs,
  Life-cycle costs                                                                          DOE/FEMP: Executive Order 13123
                                    operating costs, maintenance costs, and disposal costs,
                                    over the lifetime of the project, product, or measure.


                                    The use of equipment and devices specifically
                                    designed to allow the volume of water delivered to be
  Low-volume irrigation             limited to a level consistent with the water             Ch.50–315 Volusia County Codes
                                    requirements of the plant being irrigated and to allow
                                    that water to be placed with a high degree of efficiency


                                    A rate design method in which prices reflect the costs
                                                                                           FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Marginal cost pricing             associated with producing the next increment of
                                                                                           Initiative (2002)
                                    supply.

                                    A large meter located upstream of other smaller
                                                                                           FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Master meter                      meters and used for water accounting, billing
                                                                                           Initiative (2002)
                                    purposes, or both.

  Maximum daily                     The maximum volume of water withdrawn during any NWFWMD: Ch. 40A-2, FAC
  withdrawal                        consecutive 24 hour period.                      Consumptive Uses of Water

                                    Total production for the water system on its highest   USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Maximum day demand        MDD
                                    day of production during a year.                       Guidelines

  Maximum monthly                   The maximum volume of water withdrawn during any NWFWMD: Ch. 40A-2, FAC
  withdrawal                        given month of the year                          Consumptive Uses of Water


Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 14 of 33                                                    4/15/2010
                                  Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                 Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document
                                 An instrument for measuring and recording water         USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Meter
                                 volume.                                                 Guidelines (1998)

                                                                                         USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                                                                         Guidelines (1998), Level 1 Measure;
                                 A water conservation measure where the water
  Meter-Accuracy                                                                         SJRWMD: Applicant's Handbook:
                                 supplier performs a random spot check periodically,
  Analysis                                                                               Consumptive Uses of Water Chapter
                                 ideally during meter reading.
                                                                                         40C-2, F.A.C., Section 12.0, and
                                                                                         Appendix I

                                 The frequent application of small quantities of water
                                 directly on or below the soil surface, usually as
                                 discrete drops, tiny streams or miniature sprays        Florida Irrigation Society: Standards
                                 through emitters placed along water delivery pipes      and Specifications for Turf and
  Microirrigation
                                 (laterals). Microirrigation encompasses a number of     Landscape Irrigation Systems
                                 methods or concepts, including drip, subsurface,        (January 2002)
                                 bubbler, and low-volume spray irrigation. Previously
                                 known as trickle irrigation.

                                 A major scheduled point in time during which a
                                 cohesive set of significant objectives (e.g., set of tasks NOAA Definitions for Performance
  Milestone
                                 completed, set of work products delivered) is to be        Measurement
                                 achieved.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                               Page 15 of 33                                                        4/15/2010
                                      Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                     Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document

                                     Residential water use customer class (or sector) that
                                     has connections that are metered such that the water
  Multi family sector or             use of multiple families is being metered. This water
                             MF                                                              Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  customer class                     use sector includes townhomes, apartments, and
                                     mobile homes when each unit is not metered
                                     individually by the utility.

                                     The present value of benefits minus the present value   Vickers, Amy: Handbook of Water
  Net present value
                                     of costs.                                               Use and Conservation (2001)

                                                                                             USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Nominal dollars                    Forecast dollars that are not adjusted for inflation.
                                                                                             Guidelines

                                     A water conservation quantifiable BMP that provides
                                     reclaimed water or rebates (for use of other non-
                                                                                             Tampa Bay Water: Potable Water
  Non-Potable Irrigation             potable water sources for irrigation) to the single-
                                                                                             Conservation Best Management
  Source Replacement or              family and multi-family residential sectors and/or
                                                                                             Practices for the Tampa Bay Region
  Rebates                            the non-residential sector. Categories include: (1)
                                                                                             (2003)
                                     groundwater from wells; and (2) other irrigation
                                     sources; does not include reclaimed water.


                                     Water use customer class or (sector) that includes all
                                     water use customers that are not residential
  Non-residential sector             customers. For the purpose of the Conserve Florida
                             NR                                                             Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  or customer class                  Water Conservation Guide, bulk and wholesale
                                     customers are not included in this class; they have
                                     their own class.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                     Page 16 of 33                                                    4/15/2010
                                      Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                     Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document

                                     A water conservation quantifiable BMP that provides     CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                     water-use evaluations to non-residential water users.   Understanding (2004, BMP 9;
  Non-Residential Water-
                                     Applicable to indoor water use only (includes
  Use
                                     cooling/does not include landscape irrigation).         Tampa Bay Water: Potable Water
  Evaluations/Implementa
                                     Irrigation and landscape is handled under the water     Conservation Best Management
  tion
                                     efficient landscape and irrigation evaluations and      Practices for the Tampa Bay Region
                                     rebates BMP.                                            (2003)

                                     The value of a foregone opportunity that cannot be
                                                                                             USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Opportunity cost                   pursued because resources are taken up by a chosen
                                                                                             Guidelines
                                     activity.

                                     The highest total water use experienced by a water
                                                                                          FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Peak demand                        supply system measured on an hourly, daily, monthly,
                                                                                          Initiative (2002)
                                     or annual basis.
                                                                                             SWFWMD: Water Use Permit
                                                                                             Information Manual, Part B - Basis of
  Peak monthly demand                Month with the greatest pumpage in each year
                                                                                             Review for 40D-2 Rules, Section 3.2
                                                                                             (2003)

  Peak monthly water use             See peak monthly demand.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 17 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document

                                    Gallons per person (capita) per day. Each water
                                    management district has somewhat different
                                    requirements for calculating population and per capita
                                    water use; refer to Florida's Public Supply Water      Swihart, Tom (FDEP); Simmons,
  Per capita water use      gpcd
                                    Conservation Performance Measurement System            Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                    (2005) for a detailed breakdown of the various
                                    methods used to determine population and per capita
                                    water use.

                                    Metered source water minus metered and authorized
  Percent water loss                unmetered water uses divided by the metered source     NWFWMD survey results
                                    water.

                                    A program characteristic or component that indicates
  Performance Indicator                                                                    Trimble, David (FDEP)
                                    effort expended to achieve a goal or set of goals.

                                    The systematic process of establishing goals and
                                    corresponding performance measures that reflect goal
                                    attainment, monitoring results of activities; collecting
  Performance                       and analyzing performance information to track           NOAA Definitions for Performance
  Management                        progress toward planning results; using performance Measurement (Adapted)
                                    information to improve program decision-making and
                                    resource allocation; and communicating results
                                    achieved, or not attained.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                  Page 18 of 33                                                     4/15/2010
                                   Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                  Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document

                                                                                         National Performance Review:
                                                                                         Serving the American Public: Best
                                  A quantitative or qualitative characterization of
  Performance measure                                                                    Practices in Performance
                                  performance.
                                                                                         Measurement - Benchmarking Study
                                                                                         Report (June 1997) (Adapted)

                                  Number of people within a utility's service area.
                                  Sources of acceptable population data and the means
                                  of adjusting for seasonal variations vary among the
                                  water management districts. Examples of sources of
                                  population data include Local Comprehensive Land
                                  Use Plans (developed under Chapter 9J-5, F.A.C.),
                                                                                         Swihart, Tom (FDEP); Simmons,
  Population                      University of Florida Bureau of Economics and
                                                                                         Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                  Business Research , U.S. Geological Survey, and
                                  Metropolitan Planning Organizations. Some districts
                                  specify how population must be calculated, such as
                                  multiplying the number of utility connections by the
                                  people per household reported by the U.S. Census
                                  Bureau.

                                  Water suitable for human consumption as set by the
  Potable water                                                                          SWFWD BOR
                                  Florida Safe Drinking Water Act




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                 Page 19 of 33                                                   4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document

                                    The amount of potable quality water saved through
                                    the use of reclaimed water expressed as a percentage
                                    of the total reclaimed water used. The potable water
  Potable water offset                                                                     Chapter 62-40.210(21)
                                    offset is calculated by dividing the amount of potable
                                    water saved by the amount of reclaimed water used
                                    and multiplying the quotient by 100.

                                    Future expenditures expressed in current dollars by
                                                                                            USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Present value                     adjusting for a discount rate that accounts for
                                                                                            Guidelines
                                    financing costs and inflation.

                                    A measure of the responsiveness of customer water
  Price elasticity of               use to changes in the price of water; measured by the   FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  demand                            percentage change in use divided by the percentage      Initiative (2002)
                                    change in price.

                                    Enhancing the awareness and understanding of the
                                    importance of water conservation and the availability
                                    of practical solutions by providing action steps for the
                                    public to practice conservation. For example, the
  Public                                                                                     FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
                                    utility implements outreach programs that target
  information/education                                                                      Initiative (2002) (Adapted)
                                    customers through various forums that include
                                    speakers’ bureaus, booths at public events, printed
                                    and video materials, and coordination with civic
                                    organizations.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 20 of 33                                                    4/15/2010
                                       Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                      Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document

                                      Water used for withdrawal, treatment, transmission,
                                      and distribution by potable water systems. Water
  Public water supply use             utility uses may include community and                  SRWMD: 40B-2.021, F.A.C.
                                      noncommunity public water systems defined in Ch.
                                      62-22, Florida Administrative Code.

                                      A system for the provision to the public of water for
                                                                                              USEPA Safe Drinking Water Act
  Public water system         PWS     human consumption through pipes or other
                                                                                              Guidance document
                                      constructed conveyances.

                                      Groundwater and surface water withdrawals; source
  Raw water                                                                                   Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                      water prior to treatment.

                                                                                              USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Real dollars                        Forecast dollars that are adjusted for inflation.
                                                                                              Guidelines (1998)

                                      The use of water in such quantity as is necessary for
  Reasonable-beneficial               economic and efficient utilization for a purpose and in
                                                                                              Chapter 373.019(13) F.S.
  use                                 a manner which is both reasonable and consistent
                                      with the public interest.

                                      Except as specifically provided in Ch. 62-610, F.A.C.,
                                      means water that has received at least secondary
  Reclaimed water                     treatment and basic disinfection, and is reused after  62-40.210 F.A.C.
                                      flowing out of a domestic wastewater treatment
                                      facility; see also reuse.
                                      The additional use of previously used water; does not
  Recycled water                                                                              Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                      include reclaimed water.



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                      Page 21 of 33                                                   4/15/2010
                                      Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                     Acronym   Definition                                             Agency (or Author)/Document
                                     Water used by the residential sector (e.g., for
                                     drinking, food preparation, bathing, washing clothes
  Residential water use                                                                     Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                     and dishes, flushing toilets, and watering lawns and
                                     gardens).
  Residential water use
                                     See water-use evaluation.
  surveys

                                                                                            USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                                                                            Guidelines (1998), Level 2 Measure;

                                     A water conservation measure or quantifiable BMP       SFWMD: Basis of Review for Water
                                     (depending on program implementation) that is          Use Applications within the South
                                     administered as a customer-installation program or a   Florida Water Management District
                                     door-to-door installation program. Retrofit kits       (Amended August 31, 2003);
  Retrofit Kit Give Away
                                     typically contain low flow showerhead(s), faucet
                                     aerators, toilet leak-detection dye tablets and        SJRWMD: Applicant's Handbook:
                                     informational brochures on how to identify, measure    Consumptive Uses of Water Chapter
                                     and/or fix leaks.                                      40C-2, F.A.C., Section 12.0, and
                                                                                            Appendix I;
                                                                                            CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                                                                            Understanding (2004), BMP 2

                                     The deliberate application of reclaimed water, in
  Reuse                              compliance with Department and District rules, for a   62-40.210, F.A.C.
                                     beneficial purpose




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 22 of 33                                                      4/15/2010
                                       Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                      Acronym   Definition                                            Agency (or Author)/Document


  Reuse Feasibility Study


  Revenue-producing                                                                         USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                      Water metered and sold.
  water                                                                                     Guidelines

                                      A utility water rate structure in which the amount
  Seasonal rate structure             charged per unit of water increases during the peak   62-40.210, F.A.C.
                                      demand season.


                                      A water conservation measure where the water
                                      supplier controls pressure to reduce the available
  Selective Usage of                  water pressure to its customers. This would typically
                                                                                             USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Pressure-Reducing                   take the form of gradually lowering the pressure while
                                                                                             Guidelines (1998), Level 2 Measure
  Valves                              still maintaining the minimum pressure necessary to
                                      protect human health, meet regulatory requirements,
                                      and to address any utility-specific needs.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                     Page 23 of 33                                                    4/15/2010
                                       Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                      Acronym   Definition                                            Agency (or Author)/Document

                                      Any water use associated with the maintenance of a
                                      private residence including domestic uses, climate
                                      control, and landscape irrigation that comes from a
                                      private well or other source not associated with a
  Self-Supplied                                                                             SRWMD: 40B-2.021, F.A.C.
                                      public water system. Other water uses which would
  Residential Use                                                                           (Adapted)
                                      typically be classified pursuant to 40B-2.501(3)
                                      F.A.C. may be included as self-supplied residential
                                      provided the primary use of water is for the
                                      maintenance of a private residence.

                                      An analysis that examines the sensitivity of outputs or
                                                                                              Anderson, Damann (Hazen and
  Sensitivity analysis                outcomes to variations in the value of the input
                                                                                              Sawyer)
                                      parameters.
                                                                                            USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  Service-Connection                  A water conservation measure where the water          Guidelines; Level 1 Measure;
  Metering                            supplier meters at each service connection.
                                                                                            CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                                                                            Understanding (2004), BMP 3
                                      Residential water use customer class (or sector) that
                                      has connections that are metered such that the water
  Single family sector or
                               SF     use of a single family is being metered. This water use Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  customer class
                                      sector includes townhomes, duplexes, and mobile
                                      homes when they are individually metered.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                    Page 24 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                            Agency (or Author)/Document

                                                                                          USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                                                                          Guidelines (1998), Level 1 Measure;
                                                                                          SWFWMD: Water Use Permit
                                                                                          Information Manual, Part B - Basis of
                                                                                          Review for 40D-2 Rules, Section 3.2
                                                                                          (2003);
                                    A water conservation measure where the water
                                                                                          SFWMD: Basis of Review for Water
  Source-Water Metering             supplier meters the source water at the point of
                                                                                          Use Applications within the South
                                    withdrawal.
                                                                                          Florida Water Management District
                                                                                          (Amended August 31, 2003);

                                                                                          SJRWMD: Applicant's Handbook:
                                                                                          Consumptive Uses of Water Chapter
                                                                                          40C-2, F.A.C., Section 12.0, and
                                                                                          Appendix I


                                    A meter for a component of a larger service
                                    connection (i.e., apartments in a multi-family
  Submeter                                                                                Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                    development) located downstream of a master meter.
                                    Used for accounting, billing purposes or both.


                                    An additional monetary charge levied by a utility over Handbook of Water Use and
  Surcharge                         and above the fixed and variable charge portions of    Conservation (2001) and Florida
                                    the rate structure.                                    Water Conservation Initiative (2002)



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                  Page 25 of 33                                                      4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                            Agency (or Author)/Document
                                                                                          USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                    A water conservation measure where the water
                                                                                          Guidelines, Level 1 Measure;
                                    supplier performs a systematic accounting of water
  System Audit
                                    throughout the production, transmission and
                                                                                          CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                    distribution facilities of a water supply system.
                                                                                          Understanding (2004), BMP 3
                                                                                          USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                                                                          Guidelines (1998), Level 1 Measure;

                                                                                          SWFWMD: Water Use Permit
  Testing, Calibrating,             A water conservation measure where a water            Information Manual, Part B - Basis of
  Repairing and/or                  supplier tests, calibrates, repairs and/or replaces   Review for 40D-2 Rules, Section 3.2
  Replacing Meters                  meters.                                               (2003);
                                                                                          SJRWMD: Applicant's Handbook:
                                                                                          Consumptive Uses of Water Chapter
                                                                                          40C-2, F.A.C., Section 12.0, and
                                                                                          Appendix I

  Treatment losses                  Raw water minus finished water                        Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                    Page 26 of 33                                                   4/15/2010
                                     Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                    Acronym   Definition                                               Agency (or Author)/Document
                                                                                             SFWMD: Basis of Review for Water
                                                                                             Use Applications within the South
                                                                                             Florida Water Management District
                                                                                             (Amended August 31, 2003);



                                    A water conservation quantifiable BMP that provides          SJRWMD: Applicant's
  Ultra Low Flush (ULF)                                                                    Handbook: Consumptive Uses of
                                    ULF toilet rebates (or retrofits) to the single-family
  Toilet Rebates or
                                    and multi-family residential sectors and/or the non- Water Chapter 40C-2, F.A.C.,
  Retrofits                                                                                Section 12.0, and Appendix I;
                                    residential sector.


                                                                                             CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                                                                             Understanding (2004); BMP 14
                                                                                             Tampa Bay Water: Potable Water
                                                                                             Conservation Best Management
                                                                                             Practices for the Tampa Bay Region
                                    Water that does not go through meters and thus
                                    cannot be accounted for by the utility (e.g.,
  Unaccounted water                                                                          Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                    authorized unmetered water and water lost from
                                    leaks or theft).

                                    A pricing structure in which the price per unit of       FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Uniform rate
                                    water is constant, regardless of the amount used.        Initiative (2002)

                                    A water conservation quantifiable BMP that provides      Tampa Bay Water: Potable Water
  Urinal Rebates or                 urinal rebates (or retrofits) to the non-residential     Conservation Best Management
  Retrofits                         sector. Categories include: (1) waterless urinals; (2)   Practices for the Tampa Bay Region
                                    ULF urinals.                                             (2003)


Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                   Page 27 of 33                                                      4/15/2010
                                  Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                 Acronym   Definition                                                Agency (or Author)/Document
                                                                                           USEPA Water Conservation Plan
  User class                     See customer class.
                                                                                           Guidelines (1998)

                                 Benefits realized by the utility as a result of a
                                 conservation program, benefits include but are not     Maddaus Water Management:
  Utility benefits               limited to reduced purchases of raw or finished water, Realizing the Benefits from Water
                                 reduced operation and maintenance costs, deferred,     Conservation
                                 downsized, or eliminated new capital facilities.

                                 The ratio of the amount of reclaimed water used to
                                 the amount of domestic wastewater being treated.
                                 This can be expressed as a percentage, and may be
                                                                                           Florida Water Conservation Initiative
  Utilization rate               used to describe an individual wastewater treatment
                                                                                           (2002)
                                 plant or to describe a collection of treatment facilities
                                 (such as those in a county, water management district,
                                 or state).

                                 The portion of a water bill that varies with water use;   Florida Water Conservation Initiative
  Variable charge
                                 also known as a commodity charge.                         (2002)

                                 Water utility costs that vary with the amount of water    Vickers, Amy: Handbook of Water
  Variable cost
                                 produced or sold.                                         Use and Conservation (2001)

                                 Rates for water that are based on the amount of water
                                                                                           FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Volume-based rates             used; may or may not be a water-conserving rate
                                                                                           Initiative (2002) (Adapted)
                                 structure.

  Water Audit                    See water-use evaluation.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                Page 28 of 33                                                         4/15/2010
                                  Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                 Acronym   Definition                                              Agency (or Author)/Document
                                                                                         USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                                                                         Guidelines (1998), Level 1 Measure;

                                                                                         SWFWMD: Water Use Permit
                                                                                         Information Manual, Part B - Basis
                                                                                         of Review for 40D-2 Rules, Section
                                                                                         3.2 (2003);

                                 A water conservation measure where the water
                                 supplier includes inserts in their customers’ water     SFWMD: Basis of Review for Water
  Water Bill Inserts                                                                     Use Applications within the South
                                 bills that provide information on water use and costs
                                 and/or provide tips for home water conservation.        Florida Water Management District
                                                                                         (Amended August 31, 2003);




                                                                                         SJRWMD: Applicant's Handbook:
                                                                                         Consumptive Uses of Water Chapter
                                                                                         40C-2, F.A.C., Section 12.0, and
                                                                                         Appendix I;
                                                                                         NWFWMD: 40A-2, F.A.C.;
                                 Programs that limit the total amount of water to be
                                 used for irrigation to an annual budget, based on water Florida Water Conservation Initiative
  Water budgeting
                                 needs, soil moisture, and other characteristics of      (2002)
                                 landscape.
                                 Preventing and reducing wasteful, uneconomical,
  Water conservation                                                                     62-40.412(1), F.A.C.
                                 impractical, or unreasonable use of water resources.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                Page 29 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                  Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                 Acronym   Definition                                               Agency (or Author)/Document
  Water conservation             The desired level of water-use efficiency to be
                                                                                          Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  goal                           reached and/or maintained.

                                 A policy, program or regulation, rate strategy, or
                                 public education campaign designed to promote
  Water conservation                                                                  Florida Water Conservation Initiative
                                 customer awareness about the value of reducing water
  incentive                                                                           (2002) (Adapted)
                                 use and to motivate consumers to adopt specific
                                 water conservation measures.
                                 An action, behavioral change, ordinance, device,
  Water conservation             technology, or improved design or process
                                                                                          Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  measure                        implemented to reduce water loss, waste, or use; see
                                 also best management practice.

                                 A formal document containing a combination of
  Water conservation             goals, objectives and methods, and an implementation SJRWMD: CUP Applicant's
  plan                           schedule of actions specifically designed to maximize Handbook (40C-2, F.A.C)
                                 water conservation and water-use efficiency.

                                 A water conservation measure where the water
                                 supplier administers and/or helps fund water             USEPA Water Conservation Plan
                                 conservation programs (e.g., FYN) and/or workshops       Guidelines (1998), Level 1 Measure;
  Water Conservation
                                 for industries that contribute to water conservation
  Workshops
                                 efforts (e.g., plumbers, plumbing fixture suppliers,     CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                 builders, developers, landscape and irrigation service   Understanding (2004), BMP 7
                                 providers).

                                 Metered source water less metered and authorized
  Water losses                                                                            Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                 unmetered water use.



Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                Page 30 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                       Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                      Acronym   Definition                                                Agency (or Author)/Document
                                      The time horizon over which water savings and cost-
  Water Savings Horizon       WSH                                                               Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
                                      effectiveness are evaluated, typically 20-years.

                                      A permit issued by a water management district
                                      authorizing the use of water from a groundwater or        FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Water use permit            WUP
                                      surface water source for a specific need; also called a   Initiative (2002)
                                      consumptive use permit.

  Water utility use                   See public water supply use.
                                      A water conservation measure where the water
                                      supplier develops and enforces an ordinance
                                      prohibiting gutter flooding, single pass cooling
                                                                                          CUWCC: Memorandum of
  Water Waste Prohibition             systems in new connections, non-recirculating
                                                                                          Understanding (2004), BMP 15
                                      systems in all new conveyer car wash and commercial
                                      laundry systems, and non-recycling decorative water
                                      fountains.
  Water-conserving rate
                                      See conservation rate structure.
  structure
                                                                                                CUWCC: Memorandum of
                                      A water conservation quantifiable BMP that provides
  Water-Efficient                                                                               Understanding (2004), BMP 5;
                                      water-efficient landscape and irrigation evaluations
  Landscape and                                                                                 Tampa Bay Water: Potable Water
                                      with or without rebates to the single-family and
  Irrigation Evaluations                                                                        Conservation Best Management
                                      multi-family residential sectors and/or the non-
  and Rebates                                                                                   Practices for the Tampa Bay Region
                                      residential sector.
                                                                                                (2003)
  Water-use audit                     See water-use evaluation.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                     Page 31 of 33                                                       4/15/2010
                                      Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                     Acronym   Definition                                                Agency (or Author)/Document

                                     An accounting of total water use or projected water       FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Water-use budget
                                     use for a given activity, facility or location.           Initiative (2002)

                                     A performance measure that compares the water-use
                                     requirement of a particular device, fixture, appliance,   FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Water-use efficiency
                                     process, piece of equipment, or activity to its optimal   Initiative (2002)
                                     (minimum) water-use requirement.

                                     A systematic accounting of water uses by end users
                                     (e.g., residential, landscape, commercial, industrial,
                                     institutional, or agricultural customers), usually
                                                                                             FDEP: Florida Water Conservation
  Water-use evaluation               conducted to identify potential opportunities for water
                                                                                             Initiative (2002)
                                     use reduction through efficiency measures or
                                     improvements; also referred to as end-use audit or
                                     water-use audit.

  Wholesale sector or                Water use customer class or (sector) that buys large
                                                                                               Simmons, Tonya (Malcolm Pirnie)
  customer class                     amounts of water for the purpose of resale.
                                                                                               Vickers, Amy: Handbook of Water
  Wholesale water                    Water purchased or sold for the purpose of resale.
                                                                                               Use and Conservation (2001)

                                     A water conservation measure where the wholesale
  Wholesale Water                    water supplier/water supply authority provides
  Supplier/ Water Supply             financial incentives, or equivalent resources, as         CUWCC: Memorandum of
  Authority Assistance               appropriate, beneficial, and mutually agreeable to        Understanding (2004), BMP 5
  Programs                           their retail water customers or members to advance
                                     water conservation efforts and effectiveness.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                                    Page 32 of 33                                                        4/15/2010
                                  Appenidx A - Conserve Florida Glossary


  Term                 Acronym   Definition                                           Agency (or Author)/Document

                                 A trademark term denoting landscaping that involves
                                 the selection, placement, and care of low-water-use
                                 and native ground cover, turf, plant, shrubs, and trees.
                                 Xeriscape landscaping is based on seven principles:      Vickers, Amy: Handbook of Water
  Xeriscape
                                 proper planning and design, soil analysis and            Use and Conservation (2001)
                                 improvement, practical turf areas, appropriate plant
                                 selection, efficient irrigation, mulching, and
                                 appropriate maintenance.




Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.                               Page 33 of 33                                                     4/15/2010

				
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