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Water Resources Research Center by runout

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									                               The Pennsylvania

   Water Resources Research
           Center
About the Center...                        engineers through participation
                                           in water resources research and
The Pennsylvania Water Resources           outreach.
Research Center (PaWRRC),                · To promote technology transfer
founded in 1964, is one of 54              and the dissemination and
federally funded state and territorial     application of research results.
water research centers and institutes
nationwide designated to conduct a       With a focus on water problems
research and technology transfer         pertinent to Pennsylvania and the
programs. The Center operates            mid-Atlantic region, research areas
under the authority of the Water         include water quality and quantity
Resources Research Act of 1984 and       management, hydrologic model             Location...
in cooperation with the U.S. Geologi-    development and assessment and
cal Survey, U.S. Department of the       fate and impact of pollutants. The       The PaWRRC is located in the Land
Interior. The Center has three objec-    center maintains a fully equipped        and Water Research Building on the
tives:                                   and staffed inorganic water quality      University Park campus of the Penn-
                                         laboratory. A water resources            sylvania State University, which is
· To plan, facilitate, and conduct       extension specialist, employed           home to the Penn State Institutes of
  research to help resolve local,        jointly by the center and the College    the Environment (PSIE). PSIE is an
  state and national water re-           of Agricultural Sciences, serves as a    amalgam of several institutes and
  sources problems.                      liaison between scientific and tech-     centers at Penn State with a focus on
· To train water scientists and          nological community and the public.      environmental problems.


Recent Research
Activities...                            watershed is designated as a High        developed by the student team and
                                         Quality-Cold Water Fishery by the        to develop strategies for
Using an annual allotment of             PADEP Chapter 93 Water Quality           implementation of management
$85,000, the PaWRRC provides             Standards. However, a major              practices. These recommendations
administration and funding for a         tributary was recently listed as         would be presented at a public
program of small grants in support       impaired for suspended solids by         forum at the completion of the
of exploratory water resources           the PADEP 303(d) list, attributable to   Keystone Project in April 2004.
research, public education, and          agriculture and land development
training. Funds are provided on a        activities.
2:1 non-federal: federal matching
basis. Recently funded projects          Students will help collect water
during 2003 are summarized below.        quality and flow data for use in
                                         development of a watershed
                                         management plan to rectify
Spruce Creek Watershed                   current problems. The
Keystone Project                         Keystone team will organize a
                                         series of community
This proposal supports an                stakeholder input meetings. A
interdisciplinary team of graduate       day-long watershed planning
students and faculty engaged in          workshop of experts will be
watershed assessment and planning        convened in Spring 2004 to
on Spruce Creek basin in central PA      review and critique the
as part of a Keystone Project of the     proposed pollution
Center for Watershed Stewardship at      abatement
Penn State. The entire Spruce Creek      recommendations
Using Crumb                                                                       This project would increase public
Rubber                                                                            knowledge of water conservation
Filtraton for                                                                     and water use issues through
Ballast Water                                                                     education programs delivered by
Treatment                                                                         trained Cooperative Extension
                                                                                  Agents at Penn State with water
The objective of                                                                  conservation publications and
this research                                                                     displays. A two-day in-service
being conducted                                                                   program related to water
at the Penn State                                                                 conservation education would be
Capital Campus                                                                    delivered to approximately 25
is to investigate                                                                 Extension agents from Pennsylvania.
the application of                         Watershed by scientists and            The program will include
crumb rubber filtration for ballast        students with Grove City College       presentations and field trips on
water treatment. Discharging ballast       and Restoration Inc. The quality of    drought, water use, home water
water from ships causes many water         the headwaters was documented in       conservation, youth water
                                                                                  conservation education, landscape
resource problems in Pennsylvania,         1970 by Operation Scarlift to be
                                                                                  water conservation, water re-use,
especially in Lake Erie, the               heavily impacted by abandoned
                                           mine drainage. To date, 15 passive     agricultural water management,
Susquehanna River, the Delaware
                                           treatment systems have been            river basin water management, and
River, and their tributaries. When                                                western water conservation
non-indigenous species (e.g., Zebra        constructed within the project area
                                           including every major type of          experiences.
mussel) are introduced to a new
water body in ballast water, aquatic       component, such as vertical flow
                                           ponds, aerobic wetlands, anoxic
ecosystems are often significantly
                                           limestone drains, open limestone
                                                                                  How to obtain more
impacted. Conventional sand/
                                           channels, and horizontal flow
                                                                                  information...
anthracite filtration is not
                                           limestone beds. Even though the
economically feasible for ballast                                                 PaWRRC maintains a web site at
                                           passive systems are low
water treatment due to its heavy                                                  www.pawatercenter.psu.edu that
                                           maintenance, periodic inspection
weight and low production efficiency.                                             describes water research and
                                           and monitoring are needed.
The crumb rubber filter allows                                                    outreach programs at Penn State.
                                           Decreasing effectiveness in water
greater depth filtration and greater                                              Additional information on Penn
                                           treatment over time will also be
                                                                                  State’s environmental research,
filtration rates. The lower weight of      documented in order to improve the
                                                                                  education, and outreach is avail-
crumb rubber filters permits use in        design of future passive systems.
                                                                                  able on the PSIE web site at
mobile and/or in-vessel treatment
                                                                                  www.environment.psu.edu.
facilities for ballast water filtration.
                                                                                  Information about water and
Development of Passive
                                                                                  environmental research also
Treatment System
                                                                                  may be obtained from:
Monitoring and Research
Program                                                                           Patricia Craig
                                                                                  The Pennsylvania State University
The focus of this project is the                                                  125 Land and Water Building
evaluation of the long-term                                                       University Park, PA 16802
performance of various types of                                                   Telephone: (814) 863-0037, Fax:
passive acid mine treatment systems                                               (814) 865-3378
within the Slippery Rock Creek                                                    E-mail: plc103@psu.edu

                                                                                  All other inquiries can be
                                                                                  directed to:
                                            Water Conservation
                                           Training and Public                    Dr. David R. DeWalle, Director
                                           Education                              Pennsylvania Center for Water
                                                                                  Resources Research
                                           Recently passed water-use              107 Land and Water Research
                                           legislation in Pennsylvania has        Building
                                           focused on water conservation as an    University Park, PA 16802
                                           important tool for future              Telephone: (814) 863-0291, Fax:
                                           management of the state’s water        (814) 865-3378
                                           supplies especially during droughts.   E-mail: drdewalle@psu.edu

								
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