WATER CONSERVATION AND HARVESTING IN RAJASTHAN ROLE OF CASA

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					WATER CONSERVATION AND HARVESTING IN RAJASTHAN: ROLE OF CASA


   CASA has been active through its relief, rehabilitation and development programme for more
   than 40 years in several parts of Rajasthan. In initial years, CASA has undertaken several
   infrastructure development projects by utilizing food commodities made available to CASA
   through PL-480 programmes. Projects like-tank deepening, digging of wells etc. had been
   undertaken during the drought period in the state. During earlier 80s, CASA established its
   office in Jaipur to work with the situation of flood in Jaipur district and other part of
   Rajasthan for flood relief and rehabilitation activities. The state faced a severe drought
   situation in 87-88 at that time CASA installed many hand pumps under ‘Water For
   Tomorrow Programme’ in southern Rajasthan as well as in some other parts of the state
   that reduced drudgeries of the people regarding to drinking water. During the years, CASA
   has developed local partnership with many NGOs to bring quality in development initiatives.
   CASA has been instrumental among the community through its direct programme as well as
   indirect programmes, where CASA coordinates with 35 local NGOs with an aim to improve
   the lives of poor and marginalized by developing their natural resources through community
   participation. CASA also has non-funding relationship with more than 50 NGOs in
   Rajasthan.


   On the basis of past experiences, mainly the work of CASA in Rajsthan on water can be
   classified in three categories –


         Long Term Sustainable Initiatives
         Short Term Initiatives
         Right Based Initiatives
      
   First category includes the construction of water harvesting structures (Anicuts, Check Dams
   and Ponds); it also includes the soil and water conservation activities on the lands of poor and
   marginalized farmers. These types of initiatives helped a lot to improve the livelihood of the
   poor and marginalized communities, where the poor masses got access over the surface water


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as well as ground water (recharged) that resulted in to the better agriculture and drinking
water facilities.
Second category includes the need-based activities during the drought spells that is vary
obvious due to fragile eco-system in the state. Since its establishment in Rajsthan, CASA has
intervened through various drought relief programmes. During these programmes, activities
like-construction of water percolation tanks, small reservoirs and installation of hand pumps
were accomplished, which benefited the vulnerable masses in critical situation of the drought
a lot.


Third category includes the interventions regarding to make people aware about their water
rights, try to influence water related policies at various levels (Panchayat, District and State).
As the result of such types of initiatives through mass campaigning at village, raising issues
in Gram Sabhas and state level convention on water related issues in the state has many fold
impact. In this regard, issue of Mahi water in Banswada initiated by PAT unit has started the
fight of tribal communities to have the access over their own water, which was denied for a
long time. Again the issue of Tribal Self Rule (PESA) will reinforce the Powers of tribes to
negotiate about the rights of water that is prime focus of CASA in five districts of southern
Rajsthan including Banswada.


Major programmes of CASA in Rajasthan, which focused over the water, are mentioned
below-


        RAJASTHAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (In 3rd Phase)


        EZE PACKAGE PROGRAMME (In 3rd Phase)


        CORE PROGRAMME BANSWADA


        FOOD FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMEN T PROGRAMME


        VARIOUS DROUGHT RELIEF PROGRAMMES

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Water and Democracy - Partner-Consultation

				
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