ENG2D A Midsummer Night’s Dream Fahrenheit 451 Study of It is human nature to want to be with people who love you, and to Culture is a measure of man’s humanity Human revolt against those who attempt to prevent your love (consider Man can endure and prevail (consider the difficulties of Nature Hermia & her father) Montag’s life and the outcome of the novel) people are naturally jealous of others It is human nature to question those things which seem NOTE: o Causes people to hate & causes problems between friends morally wrong (destroying the life – or taking of a life – consider three o When you desire things that other have/not happy with your of someone who simply wants to read ways in which things (Greed) humans react o Jealousy leads to anger, which can lead to revenge. instinctively o Jealousy is when someone else has achieved your fantasy o Oberon doesn’t get the boy / Hermia plans to physically hurt Helena / Helena reveals Hermia’s secret Appearances Dreams reflect reality The entire town appears to be living in a utopian vs. Reality - reality is that there is conflict involved in love…while in the dream- society, but in reality, they are living in a dystopian like state, there was great conflict with the lovers society NOTE: - play-within-a-play (dreamlike because not real) reflects the reality It appears to the townspeople that Clarisse is crazy and consider three of what happened in AMND a deviant, but in reality, she is living the most pure life of different When a dream has been cast, it is typically been to serve the all concepts that purpose of another (selfish reasons) It appears that technology is making lives better, but in appear to Dreams are not reality…but actually interpretation of your fantasy reality, it is destroying the humanity of the these lives mean one (which what you want for your reality) because of the fact that it is the struggles that one goes thing, but in Fantasy - illusion, potions, spells, involves enchanted creatures through in their lives that make the good moments so reality, are It can change our visions (perceptions) much better. When there is something to work for, and something Magic is symbolic of our true emotions or desires: one is able to achieve one’s goals, that is where true different o Titania – loved another; a donkey is known to be stubborn and so happiness come from. When one does not have to is Oberon. therefore, she really does love her husband work for anything, life becomes meaningless. o Lysander – He loved Helena – is a kind gentle person who is very dedicated to the man she loves, therefore, Lysander Wants a woman who deeply cares for him. o Dem – He loves Helena – fate…she is the woman he was meant to be with. o Bottom – his desire was to be the cent. of attention And he got that through the fairies waiting on him. Loyalty and Oberon’s treatment of Titania in making her fall in love with Bottom Mildred betray Montag when she reports his book Betrayal and stealing her newly adopted child reading to the authorities Lysander promised himself to Hermia and then betrayed that love by Montag betrays his co-workers when he begins stealing NOTE: confessing his love to Helena and claiming that he is disgusted with books consider three the fact that he ever loved Hermia Montag betrays a co-worker/friend when he plants a types of people Helena betrays Hermia by revealing her secret to Demetrius about book in his home to betray or three ways in running away and marrying Lysander Montag betrays Beatty when he kills him to save which a person Hermia betrays her father when she refuses to comply with his humanity can be wishes betrayed Individual Elizabethan theory about balance: Montag murders Beatty and now the city is chasing him. Freedom vs. Rulers/Parents make decisions for their children - lovers rejecting Censorship & how it limits thoughts and knowledge; free Society the laws of Athens have to leave and go to the woods speech being outlawed; book burning Conformity rebellion by two individuals also implies a rejection of the norms of Hiding books (freedom to read) vs no reading so that he society everyone knows the same things (conformity so that all NOTE: consider three laws that society’s view of the importance of men over women are equal) inhibit the individual conflict between social classes – upper class mocking the lower classes Ambition & Bottom ambitiously seeks the best roles in the play & causes the Seeking happiness at any cost is not advisable. Lack of Self- other actors to distance themselves from him Montag has a desire to achieve true happiness but this Control Oberon, as the leader, wants the boy, and ruins his marriage in the affects everyone in his life in a negative way: process as a result of his lack of self-control Montag reads to the ladies (Clara Phelps and Ann NOTE: Oberon ambitiously decides to take the fate of young lovers into his Bowles) and upsets them consider decision own hands, and because of his overly-ambitious plan, he ends up Clarisse yearns to discover the world, in a time that making, destroying the love life of another young couple in the process. such desire for knowledge is shunned, she failed to behaviour, and control her yearnings, and she paid for her ambition eventual with her life. fate/outcome Alienation Lysander & Hermia attempt to isolate themselves from the laws of The mass media has made us a mindless society (Isolation) as Athens…they felt that by running away (alienating themselves from a Form of the rules of society) they would be protected The devotion to television and all mindless activities is Self- really the attempt to protect oneself from a world where Protection / Helena eventually tries to leave (after Demetrius and Lysander emotional or physical pain is inevitable…if one does not Self-Fulfllment both claim to be in love with her) to protect herself from being hurt socialize; they believe they cannot be hurt. emotionally by what she believes are the hurtful words of the two NOTE: consider three ways people young men. The old woman who dies with her books and Faber separate alienate themselves in order to protect themselves from themselves to Helena tries to get away from Hermia to protect herself from being protect themselves a world that does not understand them…they have or three things hurt physically (after Lysander informs her of his love for Helena) almost stopped living too. people need to protect themselves from that cause them to isolate themselves Morality Bottom covets the wife of another Montag lies to his wife Puck/Oberon bear false witness against all those to whom they All people with books are breaking the law, causing NOTE: apply the magic flower juice potential havoc in the lives of those who surround them, consider three Consider if they have broken any of the commandments should they be caught moral issues Titania commits adultery (though she was under a spell) The government attempts to suppress freewill (a gift that occur in Hermia does not honour her father given to us by God) and general expression of freedom both pieces of Oberon covets Titania’s goods (the Indian boy belongs to her and Theft – Montag steals books which are to be burned literature he takes him from her) Consider if they have broken any of the commandments Mantag kills Demetrius loves Hermia But she didn’t love him When there is a lack of communication between a The Difficulty Helena loves Demetrius but he no longer loves her husband and wife, they grow apart. with Love Lysander loves Hermia but Egeus doesn’t want his daughter to and Marriage marry him Because Montag does not share his feelings with Hermia Love Lysander but her father has forbid her from this Mildred, she continues to live her separate, isolated life. NOTE: marriage and attempts to force her to marry Demetrius consider three Sometimes in love you have a love triangle: A) Demetrius, Hermia, & Had he revealed himself to her, slowly & over time, he problems with Lysander B) Oberon, Titania, & Bottom C) Demetrius, Lysander, & may have been able to save his marriage, & have a love and Helena companion to support and love him. marriage Sometimes a love circle: Demetrius, Hermia, Lysander, Helena Theseus won his wife Hippolyta…suggest that marriage is a game; women are treated like a possession rather than an equal Arranged marriages do not always work Oberon and Titania: lack of respect and equality – Titania refused to share the boy or even discuss the option of what to do with the boy. Oberon does not respect her choices…she wants to be a mother. Trust: T. can’t trust O. because he put a spell on her and made her love an a** Time: often rushed or decided by other people than those who are to be married (parents) Rational vs Helena is irrational in her devotion to Demetrius, her opinion of Mildred is irrational in her actions when she reports Irrational herself, and her accusations against Hermia (b/c Demetrius love her Montag to the fire department…obviously, doing this is Behaviour instead) going to cause her to lose everything too Hermia is irrational in her hatred toward Helena, when Lysander Montag is irrational in his actions when he sets Beatty NOTE: proclaims his love for Helena…obviously Helena wants nothing to do on fire…a rational person would have considered the consider three with Lysander because of her love for Demetrius fact that he/she would be hunted down for such an ways in which Oberon is irrational in his behaviour for wanting the Indian action and what this sort of betrayal would do to the one’s irrational boy…obviously Titania love the little Indian boy and wants only the society as a whole behaviour acts as a catalyst for best for him Beatty was irrational in his choice to force Montag to be change Bottom is irrational in his desires to play the role of every character…obviously he can’t be a one-man-show NOTE: This chart is intended as a starting point only. In no way does it represent an organized essay or the arguments that will be made in an essay. These are simply some examples of ideas you may want to prove through an argument you developed. Consider all ways in which the motifs (BOLD) can be formulated into a question. Your teacher will NOT discuss any outlines, arguments, or examples you have created to prepare for the exam.