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Basel Convention

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									                                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... iii
ALBANIA ................................................................................................................................................. 1
ANDORRA ............................................................................................................................................... 4
ARGENTINA............................................................................................................................................ 8
AUSTRALIA .......................................................................................................................................... 13
AUSTRIA................................................................................................................................................ 17
BAHRAIN ............................................................................................................................................... 21
BARBADOS ........................................................................................................................................... 26
BELARUS ............................................................................................................................................... 29
BELGIUM ............................................................................................................................................... 42
BOLIVIA ................................................................................................................................................ 51
BOTSWANA .......................................................................................................................................... 54
BRAZIL .................................................................................................................................................. 57
BULGARIA ............................................................................................................................................ 62
BURKINA FASO ................................................................................................................................... 67
CAMBODIA ........................................................................................................................................... 70
CANADA ................................................................................................................................................ 74
CHILE ..................................................................................................................................................... 86
CHINA .................................................................................................................................................... 89
COLOMBIA ............................................................................................................................................ 99
COSTA RICA ....................................................................................................................................... 106
CROATIA ............................................................................................................................................. 109
CUBA .................................................................................................................................................... 114
CYPRUS ............................................................................................................................................... 117
CZECH REPUBLIC ............................................................................................................................. 120
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO ........................................................................................... 126
DENMARK ........................................................................................................................................... 129
DOMINICA .......................................................................................................................................... 133
ECUADOR............................................................................................................................................ 136
EGYPT .................................................................................................................................................. 139
EL SALVADOR ................................................................................................................................... 142
ESTONIA .............................................................................................................................................. 146
FINLAND ............................................................................................................................................. 149
FRANCE ............................................................................................................................................... 155
THE GAMBIA ...................................................................................................................................... 159
GEORGIA ............................................................................................................................................. 163
GERMANY ........................................................................................................................................... 165
HUNGARY ........................................................................................................................................... 170
ICELAND ............................................................................................................................................. 178
INDONESIA ......................................................................................................................................... 182
IRELAND ............................................................................................................................................. 189
ISRAEL ................................................................................................................................................. 196
ITALY ................................................................................................................................................... 200
JAPAN .................................................................................................................................................. 203
JORDAN ............................................................................................................................................... 208
KIRIBATI ............................................................................................................................................. 211
KYRGYZSTAN .................................................................................................................................... 214
                                                                            i
LATVIA ................................................................................................................................................ 217
LITHUANIA ......................................................................................................................................... 220
LUXEMBOURG ................................................................................................................................... 225
MALAYSIA .......................................................................................................................................... 228
MAURITANIA ..................................................................................................................................... 232
MAURITIUS ......................................................................................................................................... 235
MICRONESIA (FEDERATED STATES OF) ..................................................................................... 246
MONACO ............................................................................................................................................. 248
MONGOLIA ......................................................................................................................................... 251
MOROCCO ........................................................................................................................................... 255
MOZAMBIQUE ................................................................................................................................... 259
NETHERLANDS .................................................................................................................................. 262
NEW ZEALAND .................................................................................................................................. 267
NORWAY ............................................................................................................................................. 273
OMAN ................................................................................................................................................... 276
PANAMA.............................................................................................................................................. 280
PAPUA NEW GUINEA ....................................................................................................................... 283
PARAGUAY ......................................................................................................................................... 286
PERU ..................................................................................................................................................... 288
POLAND ............................................................................................................................................... 294
PORTUGAL.......................................................................................................................................... 298
QATAR ................................................................................................................................................. 303
REPUBLIC OF KOREA ....................................................................................................................... 307
REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA ................................................................................................................ 312
ROMANIA ............................................................................................................................................ 316
RUSSIAN FEDERATION .................................................................................................................... 320
SAINT LUCIA ...................................................................................................................................... 331
SENEGAL ............................................................................................................................................. 335
SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO .......................................................................................................... 337
SINGAPORE ........................................................................................................................................ 346
SLOVAKIA .......................................................................................................................................... 350
SLOVENIA ........................................................................................................................................... 355
SPAIN ................................................................................................................................................... 360
SRI LANKA .......................................................................................................................................... 367
SWEDEN .............................................................................................................................................. 371
THAILAND .......................................................................................................................................... 374
TUNISIA ............................................................................................................................................... 381
TURKEY ............................................................................................................................................... 403
UGANDA.............................................................................................................................................. 409
UKRAINE ............................................................................................................................................. 413
UNITED KINGDOM ............................................................................................................................ 417
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA ................................................................................................ 425
URUGUAY ........................................................................................................................................... 428
UZBEKISTAN ...................................................................................................................................... 432
VIET NAM ........................................................................................................................................... 436
ZAMBIA ............................................................................................................................................... 440




                                                                              ii
                                               Introduction
         The Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention at its sixth meeting (Geneva, December
2002) mandated the Secretariat of the Basel Convention to prepare the Country Fact Sheets for the year
2000 and to make it available to Parties and non-Parties. Accordingly, the Secretariat has prepared
ninety-three Country Fact Sheets for the year 2000 as compared to the eighty-seven Country Fact
Sheets prepared for the year 1999, based on the national reporting done by Parties. This reflects a trend
in improved national reporting by Parties to the Secretariat. It could be attributed to the successful
revision1 of the questionnaire on “Transmission of Information” as well as to the increased awareness
among Parties towards the obligation of reporting as a Party to the Convention. On one hand it re-
confirms the growing commitment of the Parties to report and on the other hand the active role played
by the Secretariat in facilitating such reporting by Parties.
         The purpose of the Country Fact Sheets is to provide access to the much-needed information on
country activities related to hazardous wastes and other wastes in a concise manner to decision makers
and others thus facilitating the effective implementation of the Convention.
         The main scope of the Country Fact Sheets is to cover a Party‟s national definition of hazardous
wastes, data on quantities of hazardous wastes and other wastes generated, exported and imported,
restrictions on transboundary movement, reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste generation,
transboundary movement reduction measures, disposal/recovery facilities, bilateral, multilateral or
regional agreements and technical assistance and training available. It also covers the concerned Party‟s
contact address of the competent authority, focal point, status of ratification and ratification/acceptance
of the Amendment to the Basel Convention. The Country Fact Sheets are arranged alphabetically by
country in this publication.
         The Country Fact Sheets have been prepared on the basis of the information provided by Parties
for the year 2000 in accordance with Articles 13 & 16 of the Convention. A cut-off date was set to 30
November 2002 and only those completed questionnaires for the year 2000 which were received on or
before this date have been taken into consideration while preparing the Country Fact Sheets. These
Country Fact Sheets were sent to the respective Party providing the information for reviewing and for
approval. To make the content of the Country Fact Sheets as current as possible, updates on policy
related issues were requested from Parties (only in relation to the existing headings of the Country Fact
Sheets with the exception of statistics on hazardous waste generation, export and import). Feedback
received from Parties until 15 March 2003 has been taken into account while finalizing these Country
Fact Sheets.
         In some cases, the Secretariat sought specific clarifications from some Parties in relation to the
data and information provided by them. Clarifications received are reflected in the contents of the
Country Fact Sheets. However, some clarifications are still pending from Parties and they are reflected
as footnotes.
         The Secretariat acknowledges and appreciates every effort made by Parties to fulfil the
reporting requirements of the Convention and look forward to their continued cooperation on this
matter.

Dr. Sachiko Kuwabara-Yamamoto
Executive Secretary
Secretariat of the Basel Convention
March 2003


1
       For details please refer document UNEP/CHW.6/29.
                                                      iii
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                         ALBANIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  29.06.1999 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

Ministry of Environment                           Deputy Minister
Rruga e Durresit, No. 27, Tirana                  Rruga e Durresit, No. 27, Tirana
tel: (355-4) 27-0630                              tel: (355-4) 22-5134/27-0630
fax: (355-4) 27-0627                              fax: (355-4) 27-0625/27-0627
e-mail: albnea@albnet.net                         e-mail: albnea@albnet.net



National             “Waste” is generated from economic and social activities, and physical
Definition           products which are not hazardous wastes, according to the Council of
                     Ministers, Decision No. 26 1/31/1994 on “Residues and Hazardous Wastes”.
                     Council of Ministers Decision No. 26 1/31/1994 on “Residues and
                     Hazardous Waste” defines hazardous wastes as follows: “Hazardous waste”
                     are all toxic substances, corrosive, explosive, flammable, carcinogenic, and
                     radioactive, capable to change or generate another substance having the
                     ability to accelerate the burning, that destroy the natural being of water, soil
                     and air, damaging man and all living beings in the natural environment.
                     Albania uses the definition of hazardous waste as set out in the Basel
                     Convention and has adopted the Basel Annexes for its Decision of the
                     Council of Ministers on the Export, Import and Transit of Wastes.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Albania urban waste and all non-hazardous waste generated from
                     household and social activities require special consideration when subjected
                     to transboundary movement.




                                                  1
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Albania.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                  Albania has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Albania restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. The relevant legislations are:
                  - the Environmental Protection Law No. 7664 1/21/1993, Article No. 5: “In
                     the Republic of Albania the import of hazardous waste and substances for
                     reservation, storage or disposal purposes is prohibited”; and
                  - the Council of Ministers, Decision No. 26 1/31/1994: “In the Republic of
                     Albania the import of hazardous waste in gross or refined conditions, and
                     the import of waste for disposal purpose are prohibited”.

                  Restrictions on import for recovery
                  Albania has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for recovery.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Albania restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                  relevant legislation is the Environmental Protection Law No. 7664
                  1/21/1993, Article No. 5: “The transit/transport of hazardous waste and
                  substances through the territory and national waters of Republic of Albania
                  is permitted only in case the import is foreseen in an international act in
                  which the Republic of Albania contributes as Party. In this case, the
                  transit/transport is done with permission of the Council of Ministers”.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            - Solid Waste Management Plan;
                  - The Law for the Management of Hazardous Chemical Substances will be
Elimination of
                    completed in 2001; and
Hazardous         - The approval in July 2001 of the “Strategic Action Plan for healthcare
Waste               waste management in Tirana city”.
Generation
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  - Environmental Protection Law No. 7664 1/21/1993;
                  - Law on Public Removal of Waste No. 8094 3/21/1996;
                  - Decision of Council of Ministers No 26 1/31/1994 on Hazardous Waste
                    and Residues;
                  - Law no. 8364 dated 3 July 1998 amending the law no. 7664 of 21 January
                    1993 “On Environment Protection”; and
                  - Decision No. 541 of Council of Ministers dated 25 September 1995 “On
                    Duties that Ministers, Institutions and Physical and Juridical Persons have
                    in Environmental Monitoring and Control Process”.


                                             2
Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          The Ministry of Public Economy and Privatization during the year 2000
                  collected nearly 80 tonnes of hazardous chemicals and will continue to
Reduction
                  collect about 3 420 tonnes of this substances for better storage conditions.
Measures
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  - Decision of Council of Ministers No 26 1/31/1994 on Hazardous Waste
                    and Residues.



Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          - Nitrate fertilizers plant in Fier, storage in tanks (D12); and
                  - Ministry of Public Economy and Privatization, collection to store in better
Facilities
                    conditions (D12).
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  None.


Bilateral,        - Bilateral Agreement with The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Multilateral or     effective from 07.09.2000 to 07.09.2005 on the management of all types
                    of waste; and
Regional          - Bilateral Agreement with Germany, effective from 13.10.1992 to
Agreements          13.10.2002 on environmental issues.


Technical         Some of the available sources are:
Assistance and    National Environmental Agency (Ministry of Environment); Ministry of
Training          Agriculture and Food (Soil Institution); Ministry of Public Economy and
Available         Privatization (Institutions under its dependence); Ministry of Health; and
                  Albanian Geological Service.




                                              3
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         ANDORRA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 23.07.1999 (a)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                     23.07.1999


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Ministeri d‟Agricultura i Medi Ambient           Same as the Competent Authority
Carrer Prat de la Creu, 62-64
Andorra la Vella
tel: (376) 875-707
fax: (376)869-833
e-mail: mediambient@andorra.ad




National             There is no definition of waste specifically related to the transboundary
Definition           movements of waste. However, the following points can be highlighted:
                     a) The current definition of solid waste
                     The legislation that provides a definition of waste is the Law on Solid
                     Wastes of the 31/07/1985, which defines solid waste in a somehow
                     tautological way. Article 3 defines solid waste as “those (wastes) resulting
                     from public, industrial, commercial or agricultural activities, and which are
                     not in gaseous or liquid form.” Definition is followed by a non-exhaustive
                     and a broad list of substances that covers urban solid wastes, industrial
                     wastes and agricultural wastes.
                     b) The direct integration of international treaties in the national legislative
                        framework
                     According to article 3.3 of the Constitution, “treaties and international
                     agreements take effect in the legal system from the moment of their
                     publication in the Butlletí Oficial del Principat d’Andorra and cannot be
                     amended or repealed by the law.” Therefore, it means that, in the absence of
                     a definition covering all types of wastes, the definition in the Basel
                     Convention is in force in Andorra.



                                                 4
c) The draft Law on Wastes (Will be in force in 2002)
The Department of the Environment is currently finalizing the draft of the
future Law on Waste, which will be a framework law defining the legal
regime of wastes in Andorra. As currently drafted, it defines Waste as “ any
substance or object whose possessor abandons, has the intention to
abandon, or has the obligation to abandon. In any case, due account will be
taken of those wastes that are included in the European Catalogue of Wastes
and in the Annex I of the Basel Convention.”
d) the Agreement between Andorra and Spain concerning the transboundary
movements of wastes
Article 2 defines which wastes are subject to the agreement and these wastes
are: Wastes included in Annex II of the European Council Regulation
259/93/CEE, of 01/02/1993 amended by the Decision of the European
Commission 98/368/CEE, dated 18/05/1998; Wastes included in Annex III
of the European Council Regulation 259/93/CEE, of 01/02/1993 amended by
the Decision of the European Commission 98/368/CEE, dated 18/05/1998;
Expired and non-expired medicines; Construction wastes; Frigidaires; and
Killed animals for sanitary reasons or dead by natural causes.
Article 3 states that, on the Spanish side, all imports of waste will be realized
in complete conformity with the European Union rules defined in the
Regulation 259/93/CEE.
The 1985 Law on Waste does not define hazardous waste at all, and less for
the purpose of transboundary movements of waste, which are not regulated.
However, the draft bill defines hazardous waste in its article 4 as “Wastes
that have been qualified as such by international and/or European norms,
and always in conformity with the Annex I of the Basel Convention”. It
should be noted that the definition of hazardous waste of the Basel
Convention is in force in Andorra.
Andorra does not possess yet a detailed regulation regarding hazardous
wastes, whether those are included in the Basel Regime or not. Nonetheless,
in coordination with the International Atomic Energy Agency and European
authorities that control thoroughly the movements of nuclear substances,
Andorra has a practical system of control of imports and exports of nuclear
substances. There is also a system of registration and control, for the
purposes of commerce, of the quantities of chemical products that enter and
leave the country.
Wastes resulting from the construction activities require                special
consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.




                             5
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary Andorra has accepted the amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision
                III/1).
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal
                  Andorra has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for final disposal.
                  There is no legislation restricting the export of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for final disposal, although the provisions of the Basel Convention
                  are effective, and therefore Andorra is bounded by the principles defined in
                  the treaty. Moreover, once adopted, the future law on wastes will incorporate
                  the philosophy and standards of the Convention. It means that the export of
                  hazardous wastes and other wastes will only be conducted whenever Andorra
                  has not the capacity to dispose them in an ecologically sound way.

                  Restriction on export for recovery
                  Andorra has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for recovery.
                  Given the size and the resources of the Principality of Andorra, the
                  authorities will not be able to possess, according to reasonable criteria, the
                  means to treat and recover all the hazardous wastes and other wastes the
                  country generates. Therefore, and basing its exports on the principles of the
                  Basel Convention (proximity, ecological sound management, reduction),
                  Andorra will probably not restrict the export of wastes that it cannot treat or
                  recover itself.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                  Andorra restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the article 24.2 of the
                  future law on wastes. In the draft law, so far, there is no differentiation of
                  wastes for recovery and wastes for final disposal. If no changes are made in
                  the draft law, the import of any kinds of waste will be prohibited in Andorra.
                  This restriction covers all countries.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Andorra restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.
                  Nevertheless, there is no specific legislation.




                                              6
Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            The National Waste Plan (2000), which came into force in 2001, defines the
                  government policy in the field of solid wastes. A very precise diagnostic has
Elimination of
                  been done, and on that basis, recovery objectives have been fixed. The plan
Hazardous         also foresees all the basic and essential facilities that must exist in the
Waste             country. The National Waste Plan must be reviewed every 5 years.
Generation
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  Andorra is currently drafting the Solid Waste Law, which will create a
                  system that works with authorized managers, and which includes the liability
                  for the generator of wastes.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Landfill of Juberri; Landfill of Maià; Landfill of Encodina; Landfill of
                  Tunels de la Massana; and Incineration Plant of the Comella.
Facilities
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Centre d‟emmagatzematge de la Comella, centre to accumulate material
                  before being exported to other countries for recycling (R3).


Bilateral,        Bilateral agreement with Spain, effective from 27 January 2000 to 27
Multilateral or   January 2004.
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Department of environment, same address as the Competent Authority.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                             7
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                     ARGENTINA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 27.06.1991 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Secretaría de Desarrollo Sustentable y   Ministerio de Relationes Exteriores, Comercio
Política Ambiental                                 Internacional y Culto
        Subsecretaría de Ordenamiento y          Direccion General de Asuntos Ambientales
Política Ambiental                               Esmeralda 1212 – (1007) Buenos Aires
Dirección Nacional de Ordenamiento               tel: (54-11) 4819-7414
  Ambiental                                      fax: (54-11) 4819-7413
Director Nacional Dr. Miguel Angel Craviotto     e-mail: ambiente@mrecic.gov.ar
San Martín 459 - (1004) - Buenos Aires
tel: (54-11) 4348-8425
fax: (54-11) 4348-8404
e-mail: mcraviotto@medioambiente.gov.ar
web site: www.medioambiente.gov.ar



National             The national definition of “waste” of Argentina is same as the Basel
Definition           definition of waste (National Law 23922 – Basel Convention ratification).
                     “Hazardous Waste” is any waste that belongs to any category contained in
                     annex I of the Basel Convention “or” any waste that possess any of the
                     characteristic listed in annex III of the Basel Convention. (National Law No.
                     24051 of Hazardous Wastes).
                     Argentina does not control the categories of wastes listed in annex II of the
                     Basel Convention yet, but it is working on a project to control “universal” or
                     household wastes with a hazardous characteristic listed in Annex III of the
                     Basel Convention.
                     Radioactive wastes and those ones derived from the normal operations of a
                     ship are excluded from the scope of National Law of Hazardous Wastes
                     because they are ruled by other regulations and international instruments.




                                                 8
                       Argentina regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                       included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                       the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These
                       wastes are: Any waste possessing any of the characteristics contained in
                       Annex III to the Basel Convention.
                       Used tyres require special consideration when subjected to transboundary
                       movement. There is an import ban on used tyres, asbestos (import ban for
                       amphiboles), PCBs (in any application), and soft PVC toys.



    Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                      and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
        Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               No data
                           Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
        Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes             603
        Movement           exported
                           Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes        No data
                           imported
*
         Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**       Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***      Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



    Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
    Transboundary Argentina is in a preparatory process of implementing the amendment to the
                    Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
    Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Argentina has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                        wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                        Restrictions on transit, import for final disposal and for recovery
                        Argentina has an import ban for those wastes defined as hazardous according
                        to the National Law of Hazardous Wastes (National Law 24051. Entry into
                        force 1991). Decree of Import of Wastes 181 (Entry in force 1992). The
                        entry of hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes into national territory is
                        forbidden by National Constitution (Entry into force in 1994). This
                        restriction covers all countries and wastes covered by National Legislation.
                        (Please note that national territory encloses 12 miles of Argentine sea.)




                                                   9
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Hazardous Waste generators have to present a plan to reduce the generation
                 of hazardous wastes by means of change of technology; segregation of
Elimination of
                 streams; and recycling, when it is possible, in an environmentally sound
Hazardous        manner.
Waste
Generation       The Environmental Authority (Competent Authority), has designed a
                 National Plan of Reduction and Elimination of PCBs, which is under
                 appliance.
                 Additional Plans of Elimination (other POPs and PTS, such as mercury
                 compounds and articles such as batteries) are under preparation.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 National Law 24.051 - Decree 831/93.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Environmental tax for generators, transporters of hazardous wastes and
                 hazardous waste treatment plants. This tax is decreased in accordance with
                 reduction of the generation of hazardous waste.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Industries are making efforts to replace the electrical devices with PCB and
                 to eliminate them.

                 Others
                 Establishment of a Sub-Regional Center for Training and Technology
                 Transfer in Buenos Aires.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         Argentina has a number of treatment plants. But there are no licensed
                 disposal facilities for specific waste such as PCBs or high organochloride
Reduction        substances due to lack of capacity for the control of dioxins and furans.
Measures
                 Training courses are given to the different provinces of the country to
                 develop treatment capacity so as to dispose wastes near their place of
                 generation. Provincial or territorial approval is required to operate a
                 treatment plant.
                 For regulation of waste management there are:
                 - A legal tool, Law No. 24.051, regulated by Executive Decree No. 831/93
                   that rules the “generation, handling and treatment of hazardous waste”.
                 - A workable tool, Register of generators and operators of hazardous waste.
                   With the intention of exercising due control over hazardous waste the
                   enforcement authority requires mandatory registration of all those parties
                   that generate, handle, carry, treat or dispose hazardous waste.




                                           10
             Two documents are used to exercise the control:
             - Environmental Annual Certificate: After all the legal and technical
               requirements that ensure an environmental sound management of the
               hazardous waste are fulfilled, the concerned parties receive this
               certificate. Industries, carriers, treatment and disposal plants and any other
               activity that generates or operates with hazardous wastes must have the
               necessary authorization. The company which carries on a movement of
               hazardous wastes also needs this certificate for operating.
             - Manifest: It is the document that records the origin of the waste, and its
               transfer from the generation site to the final disposal plant (from cradle to
               the grave).

             Legislation, regulations and guidelines
             - Law No. 24051, regulated by Executive Decree No. 831/93 that rules the
               “generation, handling and treatment of hazardous waste”;
             - Law No. 23922, ratification of the Basel Convention (1992); and
             - Provincial legislations.
             Information can be obtained from: www.medioambiente.gov.ar

             Measures taken by industries/waste generators
             The application of International Management Systems.


Disposal/    Disposal facilities
Recovery     Some of the available facilities are:
             - Borg Austral SA, Secondary Net 014-04 Rute 9, to Capilla del Señor.
Facilities     Buenos Aires, treatment of inorganic wastes by stabilization –
               solidification, oxidation and reduction. Categories: Y2, Y6, Y8, Y9, Y11
               to Y13, Y16, Y17, Y19 to Y32, Y34 to Y36, for D9 operations;
             - Borg Austral SA, Secondary Net 014-04 Rute 9, to Capilla del Señor.
               Buenos Aires, final disposal in hazardous waste landfill. Categories: Y2,
               Y4, Y6, Y8, Y9, Y11 to Y13, Y16 to Y18, Y20 toY32, Y34 to Y36, for
               D1 operations;
             - Borg Austral SA, Av. de los Constituyentes 4425, Ricardo Rojas, Tigre.
               Buenos Aires, treatment of inorganic wastes by stabilization –
               solidification, oxidation and reduction. Categories: Y2, Y6, Y8, Y9, Y11
               to Y13, Y16, Y17, Y19 to Y32, Y34 to Y36, for D9 operations;
             - Borg Austral SA, Av. de los Constituyentes 4425, Ricardo Rojas, Tigre.
               Buenos Aires, incineration treatment. Categories: Y2 to Y6, Y8, Y9, Y11,
               Y12, Y16, Y18, Y37 to Y42, Y45, for D10 operations; and
             - IDM SA, Ruta 7 s/n (2200)-San Lorenzo-Santa Fé, incineration treatment.
               Categories: Y2 to Y9, Y11 to Y13, Y16 to Y18, Y37 to Y42, for D10
               operations.
             There are several facilities in the country. A complete list can be obtained
             from: www.medioambiente.gov.ar (Dirección Nacional de Ordenamiento
             Ambiental - Unidad Registro).


                                         11
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Some of the available facilities are:
                  - LUBRISIDER S. A., used mineral oil re-refining. Mineral oils from
                    transformers, for R9 operations;
                  - KIOSHI SA, used mineral oil re-refining. Mineral oils from transformers,
                    for R9 operations;
                  - IDM SA, Ruta 7 s/n (2200)-San Lorenzo-Santa Fé, Ni-Cadmiun Batteries
                    recycling/reclamation of metals Y26, for R4 operations;
                  - IDM SA, Ruta 7 s/n (2200)-San Lorenzo-Santa Fé, solvent
                    reclamation/regeneration Y6,Y42,Y41, for R2 operations; and
                  - IDM SA, Ruta 7 s/n (2200)-San Lorenzo-Santa Fé, recycling/reclamation
                    of tonner cartridges Y12, for R3,R11 operations.
                  There are several facilities in the country. A complete list can be obtained
                  from: www.medioambiente.gov.ar (Dirección Nacional de Ordenamiento
                  Ambiental - Unidad Registro).


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Basel Convention Regional Centre for South America, Instituto Nacional
                    de Tecnología Industrial (INTI), Av. De los Constituyentes (B1650KNA),
Training            Buenos Aires, Argentina, Tel.: +5411 472 46 200/ ext. 6526; Fax: +5411
Available           472 46 244/47 53 57 69;
                  - Secretaría de Desarrollo Sustentable y Política Ambiental, San Martín
                    459, Buenos Aires (1004), Argentina, 05411-4348-8425, e-
                    mail:mcraviotto@medioambiente.gov.ar, www.medioambiente.gov.ar;
                  - Universidad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (UBA), Ciudad
                    Universitaria,      Buenos      Aires,     05411-4576-3361,       e-mail:
                    majo@qb.fcen.uba.ar;
                  - INTI-Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial, Av. Gral. Paz
                    e/Albarellos y Avenida de los Constituyentes, 05411-4724-0587;
                  - Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, CNEA, Av. Del Libertador
                    8250, 05411-0704-1000;
                  - INA - Instituto Nacional del Agua y el Ambiente, Autop. Ezeiza Cañuelas
                    km1620, Ezeiza, 05411-44480-9219/448.9225; and
                  - CITEFA Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de las FFAA,
                    J. Zufriategui 4380-Villa Martelli, 05411-4709-0391.




                                            12
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                     AUSTRALIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                05.02.1992 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Manager, Hazardous Waste Section                   Same as the Competent Authority
Environment Australia, GPO Box             787,
Canberra ACT 2601
tel: (61-2) 6274-1411
fax: (61-2) 6274-1164
e-mail: hwa@ea.gov.au
web site:
www.ea.gov.au/industry/hwa/index.html


National             Waste means a substance or object that is proposed to be disposed of; or is
Definition           disposed of; or is required by a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a
                     Territory to be disposed of. (Note: Disposed of has a meaning corresponding
                     to the meaning of disposal. Disposal means an operation specified in Annex
                     IV to the Basel Convention.)
                     Hazardous waste means waste prescribed by the regulations, where the waste
                     has any of the characteristics mentioned in Annex III to the Basel
                     Convention; or wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex I to
                     the Basel Convention, unless they do not possess any of the characteristics
                     contained in Annex III to that Convention; or household waste; or residues
                     arising from the incineration of household waste. (Note: There is also an
                     extended meaning of hazardous waste. The extended meaning relates to the
                     following matters: a case where a foreign country has classified a particular
                     substance or object as hazardous waste; a case where a foreign country has
                     classified waste collected from households as hazardous waste; substances or
                     objects subject to notification or control under Article 11 arrangements.)
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Australia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.
                                                  13
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               24 918
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          302
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Australia.
Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Australia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislation is Section 17 of the Hazardous Waste
                      (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989. Section 18A also provides
                      that the Minister must not grant a Basel export permit if the applicant
                      proposes that the hazardous waste will be disposed of by a method that is
                      within the scope of Section A of Annex IV to the Basel Convention, unless
                      the Minister is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances. In deciding
                      whether there are exceptional circumstances the Minister must have regard to
                      the following:
                      - whether there will be significant risk of injury or damage to human beings
                         or the environment if the permit is not granted;
                      - whether the waste is needed for research into improving the management
                         of hazardous waste; and
                      - whether the waste is needed for testing for the purposes of improving the
                         management of hazardous waste.

                      The Minister also has discretion to decide not to grant a permit under the Act
                      if there is reason to believe that the hazardous waste could be disposed of
                      safely, efficiently and in an environmentally sound manner at a facility in
                      Australia.

                      Entry into force: 12 December 1996.
                      The restriction covers all countries and regions and all hazardous wastes.

                                                 14
                 Restriction on export for recovery
                 Australia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislation is Section 17 of the Hazardous Waste
                 (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989. Entry into force: 12
                 December 1996. The restriction covers all countries and regions and all
                 hazardous wastes.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                 Australia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                 disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is Section 17 of the
                 Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989. Entry into
                 force: 12 December 1996. The restriction covers all countries and regions
                 and all hazardous wastes.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Australia restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislation is Section 17A of the Hazardous Waste (Regulation of
                 Exports and Imports) Act 1989. Entry into force: 12 December 1996. The
                 restriction covers all countries and regions and all hazardous wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The eight Australian States and Territories have economic
                 measures/initiatives in place to reduce and/or eliminate the generation of
Elimination of
                 hazardous wastes and other wastes.
Hazardous
Waste            The Sustainable Industries Branch of Environment Australia works with
Generation       industry to reduce pollution through national cleaner production projects
                 designed to encourage cleaner production in business and industry. It has
                 developed and maintains EnviroNET Australia, a network of databases on
                 the Internet providing information on Australia‟s environment management
                 technologies and expertise. This includes the Australian Waste Database
                 (AWD) which has been developed in response to the need to provide a
                 monitoring mechanism for Commonwealth and State waste minimisation
                 policies. The AWD provides an overview of the waste management scenario
                 in various regions of Australia.


Transboundary    The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Movement         other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
                 measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Reduction        generation.
Measures




                                            15
Disposal/         A complete list could be obtained from the following web sites:
Recovery          http://www.ea.gov.au/
Facilities        http://www.environment.act.gov.au/ie4/
                  http://www.search.nsw.gov.au/environment.asp
                  http://www.nt.gov.au/ntg/environment.shtml
                  http://www.env.qld.gov.au/environment/environment/legislation/epa.html
                  http://www.sa.gov.au/environment/protection/
                  http://www.service.tas.gov.au/Nav/Topic.asp?Topic=Environment%2C+land
                  +and+water
                  http://www.vic.gov.au/subindex.cfm?link_ID=14
                  http://www.environ.wa.gov.au/


Bilateral,        OECD Council Decision C(92)39/FINAL concerning the control of
Multilateral or   transfrontier movements of wastes destined for recovery operations
                  (multilateral), effective from 30 March 1992.
Regional
Agreements        Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of
                  Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary
                  Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific
                  Region (Waigani Convention) (regional). Australia signed the convention on
                  16 September 1995 and deposited its instrument of ratification on 17 August
                  1998. In force from 25 October 2001.
                  Australia concluded a bilateral arrangement with the United Nations
                  Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) on 2 January 2001.
                  The scope of application is to import hazardous wastes from East Timor for
                  disposal in Australia. It ceased on 20 May 2002 when East Timor became an
                  independent nation.


Technical         A complete list could be obtained from the following web sites:
Assistance and    http://www.ea.gov.au/
Training          http://www.environment.act.gov.au/ie4/
Available         http://www.search.nsw.gov.au/environment.asp
                  http://www.nt.gov.au/ntg/environment.shtml
                  http://www.env.qld.gov.au/environment/environment/legislation/epa.html
                  http://www.sa.gov.au/environment/protection/
                  http://www.service.tas.gov.au/Nav/Topic.asp?Topic=Environment%2C+land
                  +and+water
                  http://www.vic.gov.au/subindex.cfm?link_ID=14
                  http://www.environ.wa.gov.au/




                                             16
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         AUSTRIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 12.01.1993 (r)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                     17.10.1999


             Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Federal Ministry of Environment, Youth    Federal Ministry of Environment, Youth and
and Family Affairs                                  Family Affairs
Department VI/1                                   Department VI/1
A-1010, Stubenbastei 5, Vienna                    A-1010, Stubenbastei 5, Vienna
tel: (43-1) 51522-3513                            tel: (43-1) 51522-3523
fax: (43-1) 51522-7502 or 3003                    fax: (43-1) 51522-3003
e-mail: ica.basel@bmlfuw.gv.at                    e-mail: fp.basel@bmfuw.gv.at




National             Definition of waste is in line with EU Regulation 74/442/EEC (Article 1).
Definition           For the purposes of this Directive: (a) "waste" means any substance or object
                     which the holder disposes of or is required to dispose of pursuant to the
                     provisions of national law in force; (1)OJ No C 32, 11.2.1975, p. 36. (2)OJ
                     No C 16, 23.1.1975, p. 12. (3)OJ No C 112, 20.12.1973, p. 3.
                     The definition of hazardous waste is laid down in Annex I of the Ordinance
                     on Hazardous Wastes (Fed. Law Gaz. II 1997/227, as amended by Fed. Law
                     Gaz. II 2000/178). The text can be obtained via Internet:
                     http://lebensministerium.at using the links: “umwelt”, “abfall”, “abfallrecht”,
                     “verordnungen”.
                     Any waste not listed in Annex II of the EU Regulation 259/93/EC is subject
                     to a control procedure in case of transboundary movements destined for
                     recycling     (text   available  via     Internet: http://europa.eu.int/eur-
                     lex/en/lif/dat/1993/en_393R0259.html). Any waste is subject to a control
                     procedure in case of transboundary movements destined for final disposal.
                     The shipment of any waste not listed in Annex II of the EU Regulation
                     259/93/EC is subject to a notification procedure.




                                                 17
    Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                      and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                      Quantities
                                                                                      (in metric
                                                                                      tonnes)
        Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                980 558 1)
                            Total amount of other wastes generated                    179 294 2)
        Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               113 813
        Movement            exported
                            Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes      27 717
                            imported
*
         Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**       Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***      Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)       Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
2)    Figure refers to the total amount of residues arising from the incineration of household wastes
      (Y47).



    Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
    Transboundary The ban is implemented via EU-Legislation (Shipment Regulation
                    259/93/EC as amended by OJ L 022 24.01.1997 p.14 and OJ L 316
    Movement
                       10.12.1999 p.45; Article 16).
                       Austria ratified the two amendments to the Basel Convention (III/1 and IV/9)
                       in 1999 (Fed. Law Gaz.III 2000/6). The amendments became effective
                       October 26th 1999.

                       Restrictions on export for final disposal
                       Austria restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                       disposal. The relevant legislation is the Federal Waste Management Plan
                       1998, which statutes the principle of self sufficiency for final disposal. Based
                       on this principles objections are raised in case of exports for final disposal
                       provided there is a suitable disposal option in Austria. (30 June 1998). In line
                       with the EU Regulation 259/93/EC final disposal is allowed only within the
                       European Economic Area (EEA). This restriction covers all non-EEA
                       member countries.




                                                   18
                 Restriction on export for recovery
                 Austria restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The export of hazardous wastes in accordance with Council
                 Decision 94/904/EC and of wastes listed in Annex V of the Shipment
                 Regulation (295(93/EC) for recycling is allowed only to Countries applying
                 OECD Council Decision C92(39) FINAL (amendment of the Shipment
                 Regulation OJ L 022 24.01.1997 p.14 and OJ L 316 10.12.1999 p.45). This
                 restriction covers all countries not applying the OECD Council Decision
                 C92(39) FINAL.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal
                 Austria restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                 disposal. The relevant legislation is the Federal Waste Management Plan
                 1998, which statutes the principle of self sufficiency for final disposal. Based
                 on this principles objections can be raised in case of imports for final
                 disposal provided there is no sufficient capacity for domestic wastes in
                 Austria. (30 June 1998).

                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Austria has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other
                 wastes for recovery.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           No new measures taken in 1999 and onwards.
Elimination of
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Hazardous        No new measures taken in 1999 and onwards.
Waste
Generation       Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 No new measures taken in 1999 and onwards.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Not available.

                 Others
                 Not available.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         The Federal Waste Management Plan 1998 statutes the principle of self
                 sufficiency for final disposal. Based on this principles objections are raised
Reduction
                 in case of exports for final disposal provided there is a suitable disposal
Measures         option in Austria. (30. June 1998).

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 Same as above.




                                             19
                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Not available.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Not available.

                  Others
                  Not available.




Disposal/         A list could be obtained from:
Recovery          - Federal Environment Agency, A-1090 Spittelauer Lände 5, Vienna.
Facilities        Or on the Internet:
                  - http://www.ubavie.gv.at/umweltsituation/abfall/gabfall/toc.htm (where a
                     register of all licensed disposer can be found); and
                  - http://www.ubavie.gv.at/umweltregister/abfallwirt_anlagendb/toc.htm
                     (where a data base of the existing disposal facilities is available).


Bilateral,        No new agreements concluded in 1999 and onwards.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Information could be obtained from:
Assistance and    - Federal Environment Agency, A-1090 Spittelauer Lände 5, Vienna
Training          Or via the Internet:
Available         - http://www.ubavie.gv.at/umweltsituation/abfall/wegweiser/toc.htm




                                            20
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                        BAHRAIN


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 15.10.1992 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Environmental Affairs                             Same as the Competent Authority
        General Commission for the Protection
of Marines Resources, Environment & Wildlife
P.O. Box 32657 – Isa Town
tel: (973) 87-4290 / 87-4165
fax: (973) 78-4934 / 78-6102
e-mail: environment@bahrain.gov.bh



National             The definition of “waste” is in accordance with the Basel Convention.
Definition           “Hazardous waste” is any waste containing significant quantities of a
                     substance which may present danger to the life or health of living organisms
                     when released in the environment or to the safety of humans or equipment in
                     disposal when incorrectly handled. Hazardous properties include toxic,
                     carcinogenic, mutagenic, or teratogenic characteristics, as well as
                     flammability, chemical reactivity or other biologically damaging properties
                     (including radioactivity).
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Bahrain there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                21
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                     Quantities
                                                                                     (in metric
                                                                                     tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 140 000 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                     234 187
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                978 2)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          No data
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
2)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a exported.


 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Bahrain is in a preparatory process of implementing the amendment to the
                 Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
 Movement
                       Restrictions on export for final disposal
                       Bahrain is in a preparatory process to restrict the export of hazardous wastes
                       and other wastes for final disposal.

                       Restriction on export for recovery
                       Bahrain has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                       wastes for recovery.

                       Restrictions on transit and import for final disposal and for recovery
                       Bahrain is in a preparatory process to restrict transit and import of hazardous
                       wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.




                                                  22
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           - Environmental Affairs (EA) is approaching international agencies and
                   organizations to assist in minimizing the quantity of industrial / hazardous
Elimination of
                   wastes generated in the country. Many meetings have been held with the
Hazardous          major industries to chalk out practical and achievable plans and programs
Waste              for waste minimization utilizing efficient and environmental friendly
Generation         processes, methodologies and equipments;
                 - EA is operating a dedicated industrial landfill site and looking after to
                   establish state-of-the-art hazardous waste treatment facilities: and
                 - A new incineration system for treating the generated healthcare wastes
                   (i.e. clinical, pharmaceutical, infectious anatomical and chemical wastes)
                   has been commissioned and is operating since April, 2002 which is
                   considered as a major milestone in environmental protection and part of
                   national strategy to reduce and treat the hazardous wastes in the country.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 - “Healthcare Waste Management Standards”: Ministerial Order No.1 of
                   2001 has been issued highlighting the collection, transportation, storage,
                   transfer, treatment and disposal of hazardous healthcare waste generated
                   in Kingdom of Bahrain. The emissions from healthcare treatment
                   facilities are also streamlined as well the management and disposal of
                   effluent and solid waste residues.
                   - Article 5 stated : The waste producer shall seek to reduce the
                       generation levels of such waste in quantity and quality through
                       developing the appliances and equipment used, adopt and use a clean
                       technology, select the alternatives and raw materials that cause less
                       damage to the environment and public health;
                 - “Industrial Waste Management Standards”: The draft standards for
                   collection, storage, handling, transportation, transfer, treatment, disposal,
                   recycling and reuse have been prepared and discussed with the industries.
                   The standards will soon be finalized and enforced in the country; and
                 - “Used Oil Management Standards”: The draft standards for management
                   of used oil has been prepared highlighting the collection, storage,
                   handling, treatment, disposal, recycling and reuse of oil and related
                   products. The standards will soon be finalized and enforced in the
                   country.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 None.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Several industrial companies have adopted and are certified by ISO 14000
                  standards, such as Aluminum Bahrain (ALBA), Gulf Petrochemical
                  Industries (GPIC), Midal Cables etc., in addition to implementation of
                  environment management system strategy.

                 Others
                 Ongoing projects on cleaner production, recycling, reduction of hazardous
                 waste and elimination of hazardous waste.


                                            23
Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      - Advocating for adoption of cleaner production by the new industrial
Reduction       projects;
              - Minimizing the generation of hazardous wastes through the modification
Measures
                     of industrial processes of the existing industries;
                   - Environmental impact assessment by the EA. No permission is given to
                     the new industries during this stage until they take provision to reduce the
                     anticipated hazardous wastes; and
                   - A new industrial landfill site has been operating since February, 2001 to
                     accommodate the industrial hazardous and semi-hazardous wastes being
                     generated in the country with a capacity of 746 000 M3.

                   Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                   “Industrial Waste Management Standards” & “Used Oil Management
                   Standards”: The draft standards for collection, storage, handling,
                   transportation, transfer, treatment, disposal, recycling and transboundary
                   movements have been prepared and discussed with the industries. The same
                   will be soon issued, finalized and enforced in the kingdom of Bahrain.

                   Economic instruments/ initiatives
                   None.

                   Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                   All industrial establishments are required to prepare and submit a quarterly
                   environmental compliance report to the EA indicating the industrial effluents
                   and air emission detailed analysis, waste management –waste generated,
                   treatment, disposal and exportation- at the company.

                   Others
                   None.


Disposal/          Disposal facilities
Recovery           Environmental Affairs, General Commission For the Protection of Marine
                   Resources, Environment & Wildlife manages Hafira Industrial Landfill Site
Facilities
                   for Industrial hazardous and semi-hazardous wastes, for Dl operations.
                   Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                   - Bahrain Recycling Plant, Askar - P.O. Box: 26390, Aluminum dross
                     recycling, for R4 operations;
                   - AluServ Middle East W.L.L., Manama - P.O. Box: 519, Aluminum dross
                     recycling, for R4 operations;
                   - Bahrain Scrapmould, Manama - P.O.Box : 1208, Recovery of Aluminum
                     and metals scrap, for R4 operations;
                   - Crown Industries & Crown Metals, Manama - P.O. Box: 11101, Recovery
                     of Aluminum and metals scrap, for R4 operations; and
                   - Falcon Factory, Recovery of waste paper.


                                              24
Bilateral,        Regional agreement with the Regional Organization for the protection of the
Multilateral or   Marine Environment (ROPME), effective from July 2001, on the Control of
                  Marine Transboundary Movement and Disposal of Hazardous Waste and
Regional
                  other Wastes.
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are Environmental Affairs, General Commission for
Assistance and    the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment & Wildlife and University
                  of Bahrain.
Training
Available




                                            25
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                       BARBADOS

 Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                24.08.1995 (a)
 Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


              Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

 Chief Environmental Engineer                      Same as the Competent Authority
 Jemmots Lane, St. Michael
 tel: (1-246) 436-4820
 fax: (1-246) 228-7103
 e-mail: enveng@caribsurf.com

 National             There is no national definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the
 Definition           purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Barbados.
                      There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                      national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                      Convention.
                      In Barbados there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                      and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                      when subjected to transboundary movement.


 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation        Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 9.14 1)
                                                                                  2)
                        Total amount of other wastes generated
     Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              9.14 3)
     Movement           exported
                        Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes         No import
                        imported
*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
      1)     Figures refer to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a
(Annex I: Y1-Y45). In addition, 15 279 Litres of hazardous wastes were generated.
2)    Amount provided as: 1 034 Litres.

                                                 26
      3)     In addition, 5 872 Litres of Y6, 200 Litres of Y9, 2 207 Litres of Y34 and 1 034 Litres
of Manganous Nitrate solution were exported.

 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                 implemented in Barbados.
 Movement
                       Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                       Barbados has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                       wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                       Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                       Barbados restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                       disposal and for recovery. As signatories to the Basel Convention, the
                       restrictions are taken as those found in Article 4 (General Obligations) of the
                       Basel Convention. No facility exists for the storage and/or disposal of
                       hazardous wastes.

                       Restrictions on transit
                       Barbados restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


 Reduction             National strategies/policies
 and/or                A Policy Paper for Chemical Management, including education, is being
                       prepared.
 Elimination of
 Hazardous             Legislation, regulations and guidelines
 Waste                 A Chemical and Hazardous Waste Control Act is being prepared.
 Generation


 Transboundary None.
 Movement
 Reduction
 Measures


 Disposal/             None.
 Recovery
 Facilities


 Bilateral,            None.
 Multilateral or
 Regional
 Agreements


                                                  27
Technical        Some of the available sources are:
Assistance and   - Barbados National Standards Institute, Culloden Rd, St. Michael, Tel: (1-
                   246) 426-3870;
Training
                 - GAS – Analytical Services Laboratory, Culloden Rd, St. Michael, Tel: (1-
Available          246) 426-0681;
                 - The University of West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Cave Hill, St. Michael,
                   Tel: (1-246) 417-4000;
                 - Environmental Engineering Division, Jemmotts Lane, St. Michael, Tel:
                   (1-246) 436-4820; and
                 - Customs and Excise Department, Port Authority Building, University
                   Row, St. Michael, Tel: (1-246) 430-2300.
                 A complete list could be obtained from the Competent Authority.




                                           28
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                       BELARUS

Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               10.12.1999 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:         Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Ministry of Natural Resources and        Same as the Competent Authority
Environmental Protection of the Republic of
Belarus
10 Kollektornaya Str., Minsk 220 049
tel: (375-172) 20-6691/20-7261/20-5571
fax: (375-172) 20-5583
e-mail: minproos@mail.belpak.by
web site: www.president.gov.by/Minpriroda




                                                29
 National              Wastes are substances or goods produced in the process of economic
 Definition            activity or life of man that do not have any certain application at site of
                       their generation or that have lost totally or partially their consumer
                       properties due to physical or moral obsolescence.
                     Hazardous wastes are wastes that contain as their constitutes substances
                     possessing any hazardous property or they set (toxicity, infectious,
                     explosivity, high reaction ability and (or) other similar properties) and
                     existing in such amounts and in such form that this waste independently or in
                     contact with other substances can represent immediate or potential threat to
                     environment, people health and (or) to people property including that caused
                     by their adverse impact on environment.
                     Appendix 1 to the Resolution of State Custom Committee “On Improvement
                     of Custom Control over Waste Movement through Custom Border of the
                     Republic of Belarus” (of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD) provides a “List of
                     Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can not be processed or used in
                     the Republic of Belarus”; Appendix 2 to the Resolution of State Custom
                     Committee “On Improvement of Custom Control over Waste Movement
                     through Custom Border of the Republic of Belarus” (of 12.03.1999 N 134-
                     OD) provides a “List of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can be
                     processed or used in the Republic of Belarus, permits for their import
                     (transit) are given by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
                     Protection”. (Appendix 1 and 2 are annexed to this CFS)
                     In Belarus there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.

 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                      Quantities
                                                                                      (in metric
                                                                                      tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                  73 000 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                      2 464 000 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                 No export
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes         290 366 3)
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b. Data
      collection on generation of hazardous wastes according to categories of the Basel Convention
      will be introduced from next year.
2)     Figure refers to the total amount of household wastes (Y46).
3)     Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b imported.


                                                  30
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Belarus.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                  Belarus is in a preparatory process to restrict the export of hazardous wastes
                  and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Belarus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. The relevant legislation is the Waste Law, in force from 1 January,
                  2001, which states that “Transboundary Movement of waste to the Republic
                  of Belarus with the purpose of their storage and (or) neutralization
                  (landfilling, burning etc.) is prohibited”. This restriction covers all country.

                  Restrictions on import for recovery
                  Belarus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                  recovery. The relevant legislation is the Waste Law, in force from 1 January,
                  2001, which states that “Transboundary Movement of waste to the Republic
                  of Belarus is allowed only with the purpose of their usage as raw materials or
                  secondary materials and is executed only on the basis of a preliminary
                  obtained permit for transboundary movement of waste to the Republic of
                  Belarus issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
                  Protection of the Republic of Belarus”.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Belarus restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                  relevant legislation is the Waste Law, in force from 1 January, 2001, which
                  states that “Transboundary Movement of waste through Republic of Belarus
                  is executed only on the basis of a preliminary obtained permit for
                  transboundary movement of waste through the Republic of Belarus issued by
                  the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the
                  Republic of Belarus”.



Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            National Action Plan on Rational Use of Natural Resources and
                  Environmental Protection in the Republic of Belarus for 2001-2005 years,
Elimination of
                  adopted 21.06.2001.
Hazardous




                                              31
Waste        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation   - Law on Waste, in force from 2001;
             - Decision of the Government on State Register of Technologies for Waste
               Recycling and on State Register of Facilities for Waste Neutralization and
               Disposal;
             - Decision of the Government on Adoption of Regulation on Order in
               Approval of Limits for Waste Disposal;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Rules for Development, Agreement and
               Approval of Instruction for Management of Industrial Waste;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Instructions on Procedure for Registration of
               Transactions for Alienation and Assignation (except transportation) of
               Waste to Another Person for a certain period of time;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Rules for Issuing, Suspension, Cancellation of
               Permits for Disposal of Industrial Waste;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Classifier Waste Generated in the Republic of
               Belarus;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Rules for Accounting of Waste;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Form of Special Document for Accompanying
               of Transportation of Waste;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Rules for Norm-Setting Generation of
               Industrial Waste;
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of List of Waste that shall have Passports; and
             - Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental
               Protection on Adoption of Order on Determination of Level of Hazard of
               Waste and Establishing the Class of Hazard.

             Economic instruments/ initiatives
             Economic Mechanism in the field of waste management includes the
             following elements: economic incentives, fee-paying waste disposal and
             lending.
             Economic incentives are made by exemption from taxes, for example,
             exemption from tax on profit received from selling of secondary raw
             materials. Disposal of waste is chargeable. The rate of the charge is set at
             differential basis depending on the level of toxity of waste. What is more, the
             rate of the charge for disposal of waste beyond limits established by local
             authorities is five times increased.
             Lending is realized by giving grants from budget environmental fund. Grants
             are given for introduction of cleaner technologies, scientific research and
             development works on creating new types of environment oriented
             technique.

                                        32
                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  The generators of waste shall develop the norms for waste generation and get
                  agreement on them from territorial bodies of the Ministry of Natural
                  Resources and Environmental Protection. The waste generation norms help
                  with operational quantitative control on waste generation and are used for
                  development of waste disposal limits.


Transboundary     The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Movement          other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
                  measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Reduction
                  generation.
Measures


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Complex on processing and landfilling of toxic and industrial waste of
                  Gomel Region, landfilling (D1).
Facilities


Bilateral,        Multilateral agreement on Unified Terms of Transit through the Territories
Multilateral or   of States-Members of the Custom Union (Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia,
                  Kyrgyzstan), effective from 22.01.1998. Lists of waste are developed on the
Regional
                  basis of the Basel Convention lists.
Agreements
                  Multilateral agreement on the Control of Transboundary Movement of
                  Hazardous and other Waste between the members of the Community of
                  Independent States, effective from 1996. The Agreement was developed on
                  the basis of the Basel Convention.




Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                            33
                                                                   Appendix 1 to the Resolution of
                                                                    State Custom Committee "On
                                                                  Improvement of Custom Control
                                                                   over Waste Movement through
                                                                 Custom Border of the Republic of
                                                                                         Belarus ;
                                                                         (of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD)


                                           List
 of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can not be processed or used in the Republic of
                                         Belarus


Code of the Kind of Kind of Waste                                           Code of the Waste
Waste According to                                                          according to the Basel
Commodity                                                                   Convention
Classification for                                                          Classification
Foreign Activity (CC
FEA)
from 2524 00         Asbestos waste and dust                                Y36
from 262099
from 2620 99
from 2620 99         - slime with thorium content from thoriated tungsten
                     article production
                     Galvanic Slimes
from 262099 100      - with nickel content
from 2620 30 000     - with copper content                                  Y22
from 262019 000      -with zinc content                                     Y23
from 26 20 99 700    - with cobalt content
from 2620 91 000     -with cadmium content                                  Y26
from 2920 29 000     Slime of lead hydroxide, nickel, cadmium               Y31.Y26
from 2620 99 100
from 2620 91 000
from 2620            Waste containing compounds of: cadmium, nickel, Y26, Y21, Y31, Y22
                     chromium, tin, lead, vanadium, copper, other heavy
                     metals.
from 271390          Acid resin, acid tar
from 271390          Acid residual tar from oil refinement with sulphuric Y11
                     acid and resin sulphurized compounds
from 271390          Acid residual tar from sulfate production (white oils Y 11
                     sulphurization) with sulphuric acid and heavy
                     organic sulfate content
from 2713 90         Acid residual tar from aromatic hydrocarbon           Y 11
                     refinement with sulphuric acid, aromatic compounds
                     and sulphuric acid content
from 2713 90         Acid residual tar from paraffin refinement with       Y 11
                                                 34
                    sulphuric acid and organic compounds content
from 2713 90        Acid fumigating resin of the sulfate section of the      Y 11
                    benzene rectification shop of the by-product-coking
                    production
                    Slimes of coke and gas plants:
from 2706 00 000    - Gumlike fuses (shale processing wastes) with           Y39
                    phenol content,
from 2706 00 000    - Preservative timber production and use waste           Y5
From 2710           Burn mineral oil waste                                   Y8
                    Useless chemical substances, produced in the course      Y14
                    of R and D or in the educational process, whose
                    nature has not yet been revealed and /or which are
                    novel, whose effect on man and environment is yet
                    unknown
from 2804 80 000    Hard mineral waste with detrimental impurities,
from 2804 80 000    specific for the given production: cake arsenious
from 2804 80 000    from copper production, cake arsenious -potassium
                    from tin producti on, arsenate and calcium waste
                    from lead production.
from 2837           Galvanic slime with cyanide con tent
from 2819           - Galvanic slime with chromium content
                    (compounds of hexavalent, chromium)
from 2814 20 000    Ammonium solutions for copper pickling (waste)           Y22
from 38 25 50 000
from 2806 10 000    Acids and acid mixtures with impurities specific for     Y34
from 3825 50 000    the given production: Waste, pickle solutions of
                    rolling and hardware shops
from 2815 20        Alkalines and alkaline mixtures with impurities,         Y35
                    specific for the given production (pickling, cleaning,
                    etc.)
from 2850 00        Sorbents with arsine and phosphine impurities            Y24
from 2844 30 550    Thorium waste in chemical-metallurgical production
from 291539         Aluminium chloride waste with acetophenol                Y15
                    impurity
From 2902           Residue of acid resin processing                         Y11 RA|
from 2912           Slimes of coke and gas plants:
From 2932 19 000    Polychlorinated dibenzofuran and other related           Y43 RCI
                    compounds
From 2934 99        Polychlorinated dibenzodioxine (dioxine) and other       Y44
                    related compounds
from 2903           Waste of fluorine organic compounds in hydrogen          Y45
                    bromide acid production
From 2903 69        Polychlorinated biphenyls, terphenyls,                   Y10
from 340490         polybromated biphenyls, liquids, or solvents
from 3824 90 990    contaminated by them, and also agents and articles
                    contained them (in concentration 50 mg/kg and
                                                35
                   more )
From 2903          Waste of chlorine organic acid production              Y45
From 2903          Highly resinous wood of bromine organic synthesis      Y45
From 2912          Highly resinous wood of phthalic anhydrite             Y12
                   production
from 2930          Pharmaceuticals production and use waste               Y2
from 3825
From 2902          Waste of organic solvents production and use
from 2903
from 2905-2909
From 3808          Agents for fumigation and protection of plants from Y45
                   pests and blights (obsolete)
From 3808          Production of agents for fumigation and protection     Y45
                   of plants from pests and blights wastes
From 3811 11 100   Slimes contained tetraethyl lead (antidetonant         Y31 RCC
from 262021 000    additives)
from 701990        Glass fibre waste, similar to asbestos in its 'physical
                   and chemical characteristics
from 8104 90 000   Other dust containing non-ferrous metals :
from 8108 90 900   magnesium dust, titanium dust , vanadium dust
from 8112 40 900   Magnium
from 8539          Mercury lamp and luminescent tube waste                 Y29

From 901831        Medical waste , produced from the medical                Y1
from 901832        treatment of patients at medical institutions
from 7017          (hospitals, polyclinics and other similar institutions )
from 560110
from 3825 30 000




                                               36
                                                                   Appendix 2 to the Resolution of
State Custom Committee "On
                                                                Improvement of Custom Control
                                                                 over Waste Movement through
                                                               Custom Border of the Republic of
                                                                                      Belarus ;
                                                                      (of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD)
                                             List
                   of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can be processed or
                    used in the Republic of Belarus, permits for their import (transit)
                           are given by the Ministry of Natural Resources and
                                        Environmental Protection



 Code of the Kind of Waste Kind of Waste                           Code of the Waste
 According to Commodity                                            according to the Basel
 Classification for Foreign                                        Convention
 Activity (CC FEA)                                                 Classification

 from 0501000000           Human hair waste
 from 0502                 Bristle waste
 from 0503000000           Horse hair waste
 from 0505900000           Bird feathers waste
 from 0506900000           Animal bones and horns waste
 from 051191               Waste from fish and other sea
                           products processing
 152200                    Degras; residues after processing of
                           fat substances or plant or animal
                           waxes
 from 2514000000           Shale wastes, roughly scraped or
                           simply cut by sawing or in some other
                           way
 2525300000                Mica wastes
 from 2529300000           Leucite, nepheline, or nepheline
                           syenite waste
 from 2529100000           Feldspar Waste
 2618000000                Slag pellets, produced in iron and
                           steel production
 from 261900               Cupola slags
 from 261900               Electric furnace slags
 from 261900               Blast furnace slags
 from 261900               Converter slags
 from 261900               Other steel –smelting slags
 from 261900               Scull of steel – smelting production
 from 261900               Steel-casting slimes
                                              37
from 261900        Rolling slimes
from 261900        Casting slimes
2620110000         Hard zinc (zink-and-iron alloy)          Y23
from 2620190000    Zinc slags                               Y23
from 2620190000    Zinc slime                               Y23
from 2620290000    Take off lead
from 2620290000    Lead ashes
from 2620290000    Lead slime
from 2620210000
from 262099        Other metallic slimes
from 2620400000    Taken off light metal dross containing
                   aluminum
from 2620400000    Salt slags with aluminum content
from 2620999000    Boiler cleaning residues
from 262099        Taken off light metal dross containing
                   magnesium
from 262099        Salt slags with magnesium content
from 262099        Magnesium oxide slime
from 2621900000    Coal ash
from 2621900000    Boiler slags
from 2621900000    Hard residues contained salt from
                   smoke-trapping ; Y • devices of unit
                   heaters burning traditional fuel
                   (without reagent gypsum)
from 2621900000    Fly ashes and unit heater dust           Y18
from 2621900000    Slags from melt electrolysis
from 2621100000    Slags and ashes from waste burning
                   facilities
from 2621100000    Fly ash and dust from waste burning
                   facilities
from 2621900000    Pyrolysis unit slags and ashes           Y11
from 2621900000    Slag from the production of
                   chemically stabilized copper content a
                   high iron (over 20%), processed
                   according to industrial standards
from 2621900000    Neutralized red clay from alumina
                   production
from 271390        Slimes of coke and gas plant
from 2837          Slime from cyanide containing fixing
                   (quenching) baths
from 2805409000    Residues contained mercury: mercury
                   on graphite, mercury on activated coal
from 280300        Activated (waste) coal
from 2804 50       Waste containing tellurium               Y28
from 2804 800000   Waste containing arsenic                 Y24
                                       38
from 2804 900000       Waste contained selenium               Y25
from 2811 220000       Hard silica wastes, except using in
                       casting production
from 2844 30           Thorium waste and scrap
from 2904, from 2908   Organic chemicals, multiply nitrated   Y15
310320                 Basic slag, formed in iron and steel
                       production, using for phosphate
                       fertilizers and for other purposes
from 3601000000,       Waste of explosive substances          Y15
from 3602000000
from 3604              Pyrotechnical waste                   Y15
from 3912 20           Cellulose processing wastes
                       (nitrocellulose)
3915                   Plastic waste and scrap, chopped
                       plastic:
from 3915 100000       - of polyethylene
from 3915 200000       - of polystyrene, polystyrene foam
from 3915 300000       - of polyvinylchloride and of foam
                           plastic manufactured on its basis
from 3915 90           - of celluloid, photo- and cinefilm
from 3915 90           - of polyethylene-terephthalate film
from 3915 90           - of polyurethane, polyurethane
                           foam
from 3915 90           - of polyamides, polycarbonates
from 3915 90           - of,
                           polyacrylates,
                           acrylic resin
from 3915 90           - of polyvinylacetate
from 3915 90           - of polyvinyl alcohol
from 3915 90           - of polyolephines
from 3915 90           - of polypropylene
from 3915 90           - of plastics contained fluorine      Y 45
from 3915 90           - of acrylonitrile copolymers
from 3915 90           - of styrene copolymers
from 3915 90           - of polybutileneterephthalates
from 3915 90           - of polyethylenesulphides
                           polysiloxalanes (silicons)
from 3915 90           - of polymethylmetacrylate
from 3915 90           - of polyvinylbutirene

from 3915 90           -   of phenol-formaldehyde and         Y 13
                           melamine-phenolic resins
from 3915 901100       - of epoxy resins
from 3915 90           - of urea-formaldehyde resins
from 3915 90           - of alkyd resins
400400000              Rubber waste and cuttings
                                           39
400400000         Other waste rubber technical
                  articles
401220            Old tires, worn cut
from 4013909000   tubes, tire casings
from 401700       Hard rubber waste and scrap
from 4115200000   Slime from leather enterprises‟
                  sewage water clearing
from 4115200000   Raw fresh hides
from 4115200000   Split leather cuttings
from 4115200000   Cuttings from the edges of chromium-
                  plate and tanned semi , chrome chips
                  finished items
5505              Artificial fibre waste:
from 5505101000   - polyamide
5505103000        - polyester
from 5505105000   - polyacril
from 5505105000   - polyacrilic modified
from 5505200000   - cellulose
from 700100       Glass waste from the production of
                  lamps, picture tubes and other articles
                  containing specific impurities
from 7802000000    Waste containing lead                    Y31
from 7902000000   Waste containing zinc                     Y23
from 8002000000    Waste containing tin
from 8101970000    Waste containing tungsten
from 8102970000   Waste containing molybdenum
from 8103300000   Waste containing tantalum
from 8104200000   Waste containing magnesium
from 8105300000   Waste containing cobalt
from 8106001000   Waste containing bismuth
from 8107300000   Waste containing cadmium                  Y26
from 8108300000   Waste containing titanium
from 8109300000   Waste containing zirconium
from 8110200000   Antimonium waste                          Y27
from 8111001900   Waste containing manganese
8112130000        Beryllium waste and scrap                 Y20
8112220000        Waste containing chromium                 Y21
from 8112304000   Germanium waste and scrap
from 8112401900   Vanadium waste and scrap
from 8112921000    Hafnium waste and scrap
from 8112925000    Indium waste and scrap
from 8112923900    Niobium waste and scrap
8112520000         Thallium waste and scrap                 Y30



                                      40
from 8908000000   Vessels and other floating
                  constructions for separation, carefully
                  emptied of their contents, and other
                  materials formed in the process of the
                  vessel's operation, which may be
                  referred to the category of hazardous
                  substances or waste




                                      41
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                       BELGIUM


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 01.11.1993 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

Competent Authority for Transit                  OVAM
                                                 Afdeling Afvalstoffenbeheer
Ministerie van Volksgezondheid en Leefmilieu     Stationsstraat 110
Dienst Risicobeheersing                          2800 Mechelen
RAC – Pachecolaan 19 bus 5                       tel: (32-15) 28-4310
B - 1010 Brussels                                fax: (32-15) 41-3072
tel: (32-2) 210-4542                             e-mail: lies.van.grimbergen@ovam.be
fax: (32-2) 210-4873                             web site: www.ovam.be
e-mail: ann.van.poucke@health.fgov.be
Competent Authorities for Import and export
Brussels
        Institut Bruxellois pour la Gestion de l‟Environnement (IBGE)
Gulledelle 100, 1200 Brussels
tel: (32-2) 775-7511
fax: (32-2) 775-7611
web site: www.ibgebim.be
Wallonia
Direction Générale des Ressources Naturelles et de l‟Environnement
Avenue Prince Liège 15, 5100 Jambes
tel: (32-81) 33-6552
fax: (32-81) 33-6533
Flanders
OVAM, Afdeling Afvalstoffenbeheer
Stationsstraat 110, 2800 Mechelen
tel: (32-15) 28-4312
fax: (32-15) 43-2664
e-mail: els.de.picker@ovam.be
web site: www.ovam.be



                                                42
 National            In Belgium the definition of waste and hazardous waste is in accordance with
 Definition          the European Law. With regard to transboundary movements of wastes the
                     Council Regulation (EEC) N° 259/93 is applied.
                     In Belgium the provisions of the Council Regulation 259/93/EEC apply,
                     especially referring to Annexes II, III, IV and V. Annexes III and IV (Amber
                     and Red List) regulate also some wastes not include in art. 1 (1a) of the Basel
                     Convention. There is also a list which specifies the wastes which are not
                     controlled (Anne II = Green List). All wastes not included in the Annexes
                     are controlled.
                     In Belgium there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.




 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                 Quantities (in
                                                                                 metric
                                                                                 tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                  No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes            848 727 1) & 3)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes     475 915 2) & 3)
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) exported:
      833 706 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b exported: 15 021 mt.
2)    Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) imported:
      475 440 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b imported: 475 mt.
3)    Figure excludes wastes without Y-code/List A-code (Annex I/Annex VIII of the Basel
      Convention) and H-code (Annex III of the Basel Convention). Excluded export amount is 34
      875 mt and excluded import amount is 65 766 mt.




                                                 43
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The Amendment was implemented by the Council Regulation Nr. 120/97 on
                the 20th January 1997.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal
                  Belgium restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. Belgium fulfils the Provision of the Council Regulation (EEC)
                  259/93 (09.02.1993): Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 of 1 February
                  1993 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and
                  out of the European Community. The export of hazardous waste and other
                  waste for final disposal to non-EU and EFTA countries is prohibited.

                  Restriction on export for recovery
                  Belgium restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                  recovery. Belgium fulfils the Provision of the Council Regulation (EEC)
                  259/93 (09.02.1993): Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 of 1 February
                  1993 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and
                  out of the European Community. With the amendment (Commission
                  Decision 94/721/EC of 21 October 1994) all exports of hazardous and other
                  waste for recovery listed in annex V are prohibited from EU-countries to
                  non-OECD-countries.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Belgium restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. Belgium fulfils the Provisions of the Council Regulation (EEC)
                  259/93, specially referring to Art. 19§1 i.e. total ban for the import of
                  hazardous wastes from non-Parties to the Basel Convention.

                  Restrictions on import for recovery
                  Belgium restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                  recovery. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) 259/93,
                  Art. 21. The restriction covers non-OECD countries and non-Parties to the
                  Basel Convention.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Belgium restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                  relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) 259/93. The restriction
                  covers non-OECD countries and non-Parties to the Basel Convention.


Reduction         Legislation, regulations and guidelines
and/or            Flanders:
Elimination of     In 1994, Flemish government started a PRESTI-programm (PREvention
Hazardous          STImulation) to support professional associations who wanted to inform
Waste              their members about environmentally sound management systems. The
Generation         first step was the realization of studies per professional sector, the second
                   step was dissemination of obtained knowledge to the members. By the end
                   of 1995, 33 projects were approved, from which 32 actually took place.
                                               44
The sectors which have been studied are: road construction contractors;
potato-peel companies; builders; bakers, icemakers and chocolate makers;
brewers; motor body makers; recycling companies of man-made fibres;
metallic equipment-dealing companies; vegetable processing companies;
traditional metal processing companies; companies in graphical sector;
industrial metal processing companies; furniture companies; natural stone
processing companies; metal surface treatment companies; paper and
cardboard processing companies; board material companies; rubber industry;
painters; cabinetmakers; slaughters; stowing and package handling
companies; dentists; paints making companies; textile companies; meat
processing companies; manufacturers of packaging system, endurance
systems and construction parts; hospitals; and metal melting and pouring
companies.
 In 1997 the Presti 2- and Presti 3-programm were started. The Presti 4-
 programm was developed in 1997 and is being promoted since 1998.
 The Presti 2-programm supports professional associations if they
 demonstrate measures for prevention. After investigation some pilot-
 companies per professional sector introduce some of the presented
 measures. The preceding investigation is necessary to evaluate the
 measures on their feasibility concerning ecological, technical and
 economical implications. The experienced knowledge by introducing these
 measures is communicated to the other members of the sector, by
 organizing an open house, publishing articles etc.
Until end of 1998 requests for participation were submitted. Thirteen
requests were approved out of different sectors (builders, stowing and
package handling companies, sector of motor companies, cleaning
companies, recreation, potato-peel companies, wood processing companies,
bakers, garage and motor body makers, slaughters, companies in graphical
sectors, metal surface treatment companies and public services).
 The Presti 3-programm supports individual companies if they set up a
 prevention plan and practice a part of the presented measures. The requests
 were submitted until end 1999. Thirty-five projects were approved. The
 projects are mainly situated in the following sectors: disassembling car
 companies, paper, chemistry, wood, stowing and package handling
 companies, garage and motor body makers, recreation, metal, metal surface
 treatment companies, food industry, companies in graphical sectors. By the
 end of 2000 already 43 companies had set up a prevention plan and out of
 these companies 29 companies actually have introduced the proposed
 measures.
 The Presti 4-programm is addressed to intermediary organizations that set
 up projects to stimulate companies to produce in an ecological way.
 Companies who want to participate in these projects have to sign an
 environmental commitment and work out some environmental actions
 during one year. These actions include reduction of waste, emissions,
 rational use of water and electricity etc. If the companies complete this
                          45
    „action year' successfully they are rewarded with a certificate. Normally
    this program would end in 2001. Because of its known success OVAM
    could prolong the program until the end of 2003.
    A new program, Presti 5 is announced.
Wallonia:
    The Walloon Government‟s action plan reflects the wish to reduce the
    quantity of hazardous waste and the degree of hazard represented by waste
    that are produced.
    In order to reduce the quality of waste, the Government is introducing a
    new waste reduction target:
-    the “polluter pays” principle and the principle of producer responsibility
     in accordance with waste management plan;
-    lowest priority to landfilling and introduction of landfill tax;
-    highest priority to the waste treatment in the form of recycling
     encouraged by regional authority investments and increase int the private
     undertaking;
-    adoption of cleaner process techniques by industries, using of resources
     more effectively and re-using or sale of by-products;
-    adoption of more suitable consumption patterns by consumers, for
     example buying products with minimal packaging or/and re-use;
-    use of agreements as management tools to promote the overall principle
     of answerability of waste generators and market orientation in the field of
     waste and recycling.
    In order to reduce the degree of hazard represented by waste to be
    landfilled, following suitable treatment are used: physical treatment
    (solidification/ stabilization and deshydratation); biological treatment
    (biological activity); and physico-chemical treatment (dechlorination;
    dechromatisation; and decyanurisation).
    These objectives were translated into Government Action Plan and into a
    decree on waste on 27 June 1996.

    Brussels:
    During the implementation of the waste strategic plan 1998-2002 and more
    especially of the prevention plan of action, the IBGE-BIM leads many
    informational and awareness-raising actions towards the general public.
    Several topics are approached, but with regard to hazardous waste, the
    batteries are under scrutiny.
    This topic has been presented until now only in publications (a booklet “10
    advices to stop the increase of garbage” and the journal “A minimum
    amount of garbage, we will get there!”).
    In November 2001, an action will be dedicated to this theme with the
    slogan “A life without batteries exists; avoid them, recycle them”. This
    action is done in collaboration with the distribution sector and the media.

                              46
                Economic instruments/ initiatives
                - Ecotax: Since July 1993 a national law introduced taxes on certain
                  consuming products that are considered to be harmful to the environment
                  (soda packaging, batteries, pesticides, paper etc.).
                - MAMBO: MAMBO is the Dutch abbreviation of “Less Waste, More
                  Profit”. By means of a software package developed by the Flemish Waste
                  Agency, companies are able to calculate the exact cost of their waste
                  production. The objective is to bring about awareness about this topic and
                  to focus on waste prevention.
                - Flanders applies the 'polluter pays' principle. Simultaneously, a price-
                  differentiation distinguishes between the fraction for incineration or
                  landfilling (the 'rest-fraction' or residual waste stream) and the fractions
                  collected separately for recycling. The Flemish Government have also
                  imposed additional environmental taxes on the residual waste stream. The
                  purpose of these taxes is to stimulate prevention and recycling, and also to
                  finance regional environmental policy.

                Others
                - Ecodesign: research with objective to produce environmentally friendly
                  products in order to prevent waste.
                - Product standards: a national law recently has been approved to regulate
                  product standards.
                - Ecolabel: products that meet certain environmental concerns can get an
                  environmental certificate.


Transboundary   Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Movement        Wallonia:
Reduction       General guidance on exports and imports of wastes is contained in the waste
Measures        shipments Regulations EC and in the waste management plan in Walloon.
                However some expectations to these rules may be appropriate.
                    The main policies are as follows:
                -    to ban all imports directly for final disposal;
                - to ban imports and exports of wastes for disposal except if:
                1. the waste cannot realistically be dealt with in an environmentally sound
                   manner in , or in closer proximity to, the country of origin, and
                2. the State of destination has the technical capacity and the necessary
                   facilities in order to dispose of the wastes in question in an
                   environmentally sound and efficient manner or,
                3. the capacity treatment in the country or origin is saturated, taking into
                   account of regional/ national self-sufficiency, or
                4. the transboundary movement concerning small quantities hazardous
                   wastes for which it would be ineconomic for the State of origin to
                   provide his own facility this specific case requires cooperation between
                   countries concerned;


                                              47
- to allow all imports for recovery except if:
1. large quantities of unrecoverable residues which are derived from
   recycling/ recovery operations must be landfilled, or
2. the import in question must be seriously prejudicial to the capacity of a
   particular facility to deal with wastes from Walloon Region sources, or
3. the waste in question doesn‟t comply with the specification set out in the
   autorisation for the destination facility;
- to allow all exports for recovery except if:
1. the country of destination prohibits the import of waste in question, or
2. the Walloon Region has the regulatory and technical infrastructures
   necessary to deal with waste exported.
Brussels:
  Article 4 of the Law for prevention and management of wastes of 07.01.91
  allows the Government to take measures to prevent or reduce production of
  waste and its nocivity
- by encouraging development of cleaner technologies and technologies
needing less natural resources,
- by encouraging development of products conceived in a way that their
production, their use or elimination does provoke as less as possible raise in
amount or in nocivity of wastes and
- by developing appropriate techniques for elimination of dangerous
substances in wastes.
Decision of 06.04.95 fixes environmental standards for the sector of textile
cleaning. These conditions were set up after a sector campaign organized by
the Clean Technologies Department of the Brussels Institute for
Management of Environment.
Flanders:
 It is an aim of the Flemish policy to protect public and environmental
 health against damaging influences of wastes and to prevent dissipation of
 raw materials and energy by (in the following order of priority) :
- preventing and reducing waste production and preventing or reducing the
  damaging features of wastes
- promotion of waste recycling
- organising the disposal of all the wastes which cannot be prevented or
  recycled. (article 5 of the Waste Management Decree of 20.04.94).

Economic instruments/ initiatives
Implementation of tax legislation on waste: In Flanders, environmental taxes
are put on final disposal of waste materials, i.e. on incineration and
landfilling, with exemptions on recycling. It constitutes a good instrument
for discouraging production of waste materials at source and accordingly
promote prevention.




                           48
             Others
             Flanders:
               The environmental management plan MINA1997-2002 which indicates the
               environmental policy of Flanders, describes some actions to reduce and/or
               eliminate generation of hazardous and other wastes :
             - action 33 : Developing and starting an active management for the
             prevention and disposal of asbest-containing substances
             - action 34 : Provision of information for certain target groups to optimize
             soil remediations
             - action 35 : Development of an “active-soil” system for a better
             management of contaminated soils (prevention of diffusal of contaminated
             soils)
             - action 40 : Development of a producer-responsability in the waste fase. The
             idea behind this action is the fact that the producer is still responsable for its
             product when the product is waste and has to be recycled or disposed
             - action 43 : Development and promotion of a system of the covering of
             costs for houshold wastes. The aim is to make a combination of the principle
             which says that “the pollutor pays” and the environmental rentability of the
             system.
             - action 44 : Development of a management plan for a better seperated
             collection of waste arriving from small and
             average enterprises
             - action 45 : Prescription of the conditions to re-use waste as a secondary
             material
             - action 46 : Development of a programm for a better trading of
             recycledwastes
             - action 47 : Development of a management plan for collecting and
             processing organical waste for the years 1998-2001.
             - action 48 : Development of a management plan for collecting and
             processing municipal waste for the years 1998-2001.
             Wallonia:
             - Development of production technology to minimize the production of
               hazardous waste; and
             - Development of technology to neutralize hazardous waste.


Disposal/    Disposal facilities
Recovery     A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.
Facilities   Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
             A broad range of facilities exist in Belgium for waste treatment / recovery,
             graphical industry, animal waste treatment, chemical industry, metallurgy,
             scrap treatment, oil refinery, waste oil treatment, sludge treatment, soil
             treatment, recycling of zinc and nickel salts, treatment of used oils etc.
             Information available from the Competent Authorities.



                                         49
Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         A complete list could be obtained from the Competent Authorities.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                            50
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         BOLIVIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 15.11.1996 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

        Vice Ministry for Environment, Natural    Director General for Quality, Environmental
Resources and Forestry Development                  Impact and Environmental Services
Av. Mariscal Santa Cruz # 1092, Piso 6, La Paz    Av. Mariscal Santa Cruz # 1092, Piso 6, La Paz
tel: (5912) 233-0762                              tel: (5912) 233-1345
fax: (5912) 233-1273                              fax: (5912) 233-1268
e-mail: vdsma@coord.rds.org.bo                    e-mail: dgicsa@coord.rds.org.bo
web site: www.rsd.org.bo                          web site: www.rds.org.bo



National             There is no national definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the
Definition           purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Bolivia.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention. Bolivia has no specific regulation on the transboundary
                     movement of hazardous substances and only has a regulation for activities on
                     hazardous substances which are part of the regulations of Environment Law
                     No. 1333.
                     In Bolivia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                 51
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                 Quantities
                                                                                 (in metric
                                                                                 tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                  1)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes 121 482
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Amount reported as: 1 400 T/per day of municipal solid waste which may contain small
      quantities of hazardous wastes.



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Bolivia.
Movement
                    Restrictions on export for final disposal
                    Bolivia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                    wastes for final disposal. There is no legislation on export of hazardous
                    waste.

                    Restriction on export for recovery
                    Bolivia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                    wastes for recovery. Agreements and regulations have been established in
                    accordance with the provisions of the Basel Convention. Iron scrap is
                    exported to Peru in accordance with the provisions of the Basel Convention.

                    Restrictions on the transit and import for final disposal and for recovery
                    Bolivia has no restrictions on the transit and import of hazardous wastes and
                    other wastes for final disposal and for recovery. In accordance with Art. 59
                    of the Regulation on Activities having hazardous wastes, the Government of
                    Bolivia prohibits the importation of hazardous substances with the sole
                    purpose of confinement. However, the definition of hazardous substances in
                    accordance with the above-mentioned regulation is the following: The
                    substance presenting or containing, among others, the following intrinsic
                    characteristics: corrosive, explosive, flammable, patogenic or bio-infectious,
                    radioactive, reactive and toxic, in accordance with standard tests.
                    Nevertheless, the difference between substances and wastes is not specified
                    and the term is used indistinctively. Therefore, we are working on the
                    amendment to the regulation, as well as on the proposal to set as a priority
                    the elaboration of a regulation on hazardous wastes.

                                               52
Reduction         Legislation, regulations and guidelines
and/or            National legislation is based on Environmental Law No. 1333 and its
                  Regulation for Activities with Hazardous Substances.
Elimination of
Hazardous         Measures taken by industries/waste generators
Waste             Industrial activities have the obligation to incorporate the information
Generation        concerning management and disposal of hazardous wastes.


Transboundary Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Movement      Environmental Law No. 1333; Regulation for Activities with Hazardous
              Substances; and Regulations and Agreements of the Basel Convention.
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Each province in Bolivia has its own disposal of solid wastes system, which
                  in general is done through the sanitary landfill method (D1). Further
Facilities
                  information could be obtained from the environment municipal units of each
                  province which are directly responsible for carrying out solid waste
                  management.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  There are no means for waste recovery installations at national level, only on
                  a small scale which includes recovery operations R4, R5 and R9.


Bilateral,        Bilateral agreement between Peru and Bolivia, under implementation of the
Multilateral or   Basel Convention, concerning the export of metal and plastic scrap, effective
                  from 12.07.1996.
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Ministry of Sustainable Development and Planning, Av. Mariscal Santa
Training            Cruz, 1092, Piso 6, La Paz, tel: (5912) 231-1554, fax: (5912) 233-1268;
Available         - Prefectura Santa Cruz, Direccion Ambiental, tel: (5913) 333-9225, fax:
                    (5913) 333-7346;
                  - Prefectura Cochabamba, Direccion Ambiental, tel: (5914) 425-8072, fax:
                    (5914) 425-8077;
                  - Prefectura La Paz, Direccion Ambiental, tel: (5912) 284-5641, fax: (5912)
                    284-5641; and
                  - Institute for Ecology, tel: (5912) 279-2582.
                  Further information could be obtained from the Focal point.


                                               53
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                     BOTSWANA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                20.05.1998 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Director                                         Same as the Competent Authority
Principal Waste Management Officer
        Department of Sanitation and Waste
Management
P/Bag BO 323
Gaborone, Botswana
tel: (26-7) 31-1802
fax: (26-7) 30-9953
e-mail: kselotlegeng @gov.bw


National             There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of
Definition           transboundary movements of waste in Botswana. However, controlled waste
                     is a waste which has a potential even in low concentrations to have
                     significant adverse effect on public health or environment on account of its
                     inherent chemical and physical characteristics such as toxic, ignitable,
                     corrosive, carcinogenic or other properties.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Botswana, there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.


Restrictions on        Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary          The Amendment has not been officially ratified but the provisions are in
                       practice and have been implemented in Botswana‟s National Legislation.
Movement
                       Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                       Botswana has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                       wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                                                54
                    Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Botswana restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal by practicing the provisions of the Amendment to the Basel
                  Convention (Decision III/1), although it has not been officially ratified.

                   Restrictions on import for recovery
                   Botswana has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other
                   wastes for recovery.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Botswana has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes. However, Botswana requires to be informed of prior to any
                  movement of waste into or transiting through its territorial boundaries.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            Adoption of the Waste Management hierarchy.
Elimination of
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Hazardous         Botswana‟s strategy for Waste Management supports cleaner production
Waste             guidelines; Botswana‟s Waste Management Act supports polluter pays
Generation        principle; and Administration of industrial trade effluent agreement.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Polluter pays principle; trade effluent agreements on industrial wastes; and in
                  the near future plans for waste oil recycling charges to importers.

                    Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Self regulation initiatives by key oil importing industries; and Move to
                  discourage plastic carriers in commercial premises initiated.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement       Botswana‟s strategy for waste management.
Reduction
              Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures      Waste Management Act.

                   Economic instruments/ initiatives
                   Polluter pays principles; Trade effluent agreement with polluting industries
                   administered; and Tax breaks are currently being evaluated for their
                   impact.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Waste oil recycling by key oil importers.




                                             55
                  Others
                  The country approved a common regional workshop dealing with
                  environment crime in particular illegal trafficking of hazardous waste
                  awareness programme.
                  An environmental enforcement agency has been established through the
                  bilateral collaboration efforts between the USA and Botswana.


Disposal/          Local clinical waste incinerators, for total incineration; and landfill (local),
Recovery           for restricted disposal.
Facilities


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Botswana Technology Centre; University of Botswana; Botswana Institute
Assistance and    of Engineers; Med-Rescue; Botswana National Police; and Botswana
                  Customs Excise.
Training
Available




                                              56
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                          BRAZIL


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  01.10.1992 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Directorate of Licensing and             Environment Division of the Ministry of
Environmental Control of the Brazilian             External Relations (Divisão do Meio
Institute of Environment and Renewable             Ambiente-DEMA - do Ministério das Relações
Natural Resources (IBAMA)                          Exteriores)
SAIN Av. L4 Norte, Ed. Sede do IBAMA,            Esplanada dos Ministérios, Palácio Itamaraty,
  Bloco C, 1º Andar, 70800-200, Brasília/ DF       Anexo I, sala 439, 4o andar
Tel: (55-61) 316-1282                            CEP: 70.170-900 – Brasília/DF
Fax: (55-61) 225-0564                            tel: (55-61) 411-6674 / 411-6673 and 411-6985
e-mail: fzilda@sede.ibama.gov.br                 fax: (55-61) 322-5523
web site: www.ibama.gov.br                       e-mail: evargas@mre.gov.br
                                                 web site: www.mre.gov.br
        Secretariat for Environmental Quality
in Human Settlements of Ministry of
Environment
Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco “B”, 8o
  andar, CEP: 70.068-900 – Brasília/DF
tel: (55-61) 317-1204 and 317-1230
fax: (55-61) 226-8050
e-mail: eduardo.novaes@mma.gov.br
web site: www.mma.gov.br


National             There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of
Definition           transboundary movements of waste in Brazil.
                     Hazardous Waste - Class I - are those belonging to any category listed in the
                     Annex 1-A to 1-C of the CONAMA Resolution no 23, from December 12,
                     1996, unless they do not present any characteristics listed in Annex II of the
                     same legislation.
                     Furthermore, the Brazilian legislation defines as 'hazardous' all wastes listed
                     in Annex 10-A (Hazardous Wastes - Class I – Importation Prohibited) of the
                     CONAMA Resolution no 235, from January 7, 1998, and as 'controlled' all
                     the wastes listed in Annex 10-B (Non-Inert Wastes - Class II - Controlled by
                     IBAMA) of the Resolution.
                                                 57
                     Brazil prohibits the importation of used tires in Annex 10-C (Inert Wastes -
                     Class III - Importation Prohibited) of the CONAMA Resolution n.o 235 and
                     also prohibits the importation of wastes for final disposal or incineration
                     (CONAMA Resolution no 08 from September 19, 1991).
                     In Brazil there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.



Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               63.04
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          998
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented domestically, but it has not been ratified.
Movement
                       Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                       Brazil has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                       wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal
                      Brazil restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislation is the National Environmental Council
                      (CONAMA) Resolution no. 008 (September 19, 1991), which prohibits the
                      import of hazardous wastes to Brazil for final disposal or incineration.
                      The import of any waste, whether dangerous or not, notwithstanding its
                      origin or country of export, is forbidden if intended for final disposal in
                      Brazil. Beside those hazardous wastes listed in Annexes I and II of the
                      Convention, the Brazilian legislation defines as controlled wastes those listed
                      in Annex 10 of CONAMA Resolution No.235/98. They are provided under
                      3e (II) as follows:

                                                 58
Hazardous wastes - Class I - Importation prohibited: Asbestos powder;
Others (particularly: asbestos wastes); Galvanization matters containing
mostly zinc; Ashes and wastes containing mostly lead; Ashes and wastes
containing mostly copper; Ashes and wastes containing mostly vanadium;
Other ashes and wastes containing mostly titanium; Others (ashes and
wastes); Other wastes of petroleum oils of bituminous minerals; Others
(particularly: wastes containing polychlorinated biphenyls - PCBs); Residual
dye from the manufacture of cellulose paste to sulphite; Residual dye from
the manufacture of cellulose paste to soda or sulphate; lignosulphonates;
Wastes and residues from lead; Others (wastes and residues from cadmium);
Others (wastes and residues from antimony); Beryllium (particularly: wastes,
residues and dust); Others (wastes and residues from chrome); Wastes and
residues from lead electric accumulators; Unserviceable electric
accumulators; Wastes and residues from arsenic; wastes and residues from
selenium; Wastes and residues from tellurium; Wastes and residues from
thallium; Wastes and residues from mercury.
Non-inert Wastes - Class II - Controlled by IBAMA: Macadam from blast-
furnace slag, from other slag or from similar industrial wastes; Granulated
blast-furnace slag (slag sand) from manufacture of iron and steel; Slag and
other wastes from manufacture of iron and steel; Others (ashes and wastes
containing mostly zinc); Others (other slag and ashes), Slag from
dephosphorization; Other (particularly: dust from skins, treated or not with
chrome); Wastes and residues from copper (particularly: exception of
metallic copper scrap): Wastes and residues from nickel; Wastes and
residues from zinc; Wastes and residues from tin; Wastes and residues from
tungsten; Wastes and residues from molybdenum; Wastes and residues and
dust from tantalum; Wastes residues from magnesium; Others (particularly:
Wastes, residues and dust from cobalt); Others (particularly: wastes and
residues from bismuth); Others (particularly: wastes, residues and dust from
titanium); Particularly: wastes and residues from zirconium); Others
(particularly: wastes, residues and dust from manganese); Others
(particularly: wastes, residues and dust from germanium and vanadium;
Others (particularly: wastes, residues and dust); Others (particularly: wastes
and residues from cermets).
Inert Wastes - Class III - Importation prohibited: Used tires.

Restrictions on import for recovery
Brazil restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
The relevant legislation is the National Environmental Council (CONAMA)
Resolution no. 235 (January 7, 1998). The legislation defines which wastes
are forbidden from being imported and which are just controlled by IBAMA.
All countries are subject to the restrictions imposed by the Resolution no
235/98 that lists wastes which are forbidden from being imported or
controlled by IBAMA. In the first case, the wastes cannot be imported
irrespectively of the country of origin, in the second case, the controlled
wastes can only be imported from the countries which are party to the Basel
Convention.

                            59
                  Restrictions on transit
                  Brazil has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            - A policy dealing with biomedical wastes was approved by the National
                    Environment Council;
Elimination of
                  - The National Environment Council is discussing policy projects dealing
Hazardous           with civil construction wastes, incinerators, landfilling procedures and
Waste               mercury fluorescent lamp wastes;
Generation        - The National Environment Council is discussing a national waste policy
                    project that will be submitted to the National Congress; and
                  - The State Industrial Wastes Inventory is being implemented in 12 of the
                    major waste generator States in Brazil.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Several industries, amounting almost 200 now, have been awarded with the
                  ISO 14000 series certification.


Disposal/         There are several licensed landfills, for urban and common wastes,
Recovery          hazardous and industrial wastes. There are licensed incineration facilities. A
                  detailed list of these facilities can be obtained from:
Facilities
                  Directorate of Environmental Control of the Brazilian Institute of
                  Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), SAIN Av. L4
                  Norte, Ed. Sede do IBAMA, Bloco C, 1º Andar, CEP 70800-200, Brasília/
                  DF, Tel: (55-61) 316-1282, Fax: (55-61) 225-0564, e-mail:
                  fzilda@sede.ibama.gov.br, web site: www.ibama.gov.br


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Some of the available sources are:
Assistance and    - Companhia de Tecnologia de Saneamento Ambiental (CETESB), Av.
                    Prof. Frederico Herman Jr. 345, Altos de Pinheiros, São Paulo/SP CEP
Training            05489-900;
Available         - Fundação Estadual de Engenharia do Meio Ambiente (FEEMA), Rua
                    Fonseca Telesm 121, 15o andar, São Cristovão, Rio de Janeiro/RJ – CEP
                    20.940-200;
                  - Fundação Estadual de Proteção Ambiental (FEPAM), Av. A. J. Renner,
                    10, Navegantes, Porto Alegre/RS, CEP 90.245-000;

                  - Fundação Estadual de Meio Ambiente (FATMA), Rua Felipe Schmidt,
                    485 Centro, Florianópolis/SC, CEP 88.010-970;
                  - Instituto Ambiental do Paraná (IAP), Rua Desembargador Motta, 3.384,
                                            60
  Curitiba/PR, CEP 80.430-200.
A detailed list of these facilities can be obtained from:
Directorate of Environmental Control of the Brazilian Institute of
Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), SAIN Av. L4
Norte, Ed. Sede do IBAMA, Bloco C, 1º Andar, ZIP 70800-200, Brasília/
DF, Tel: (55-61) 316-1282, Fax: (55-61) 225-0564, e-mail:
fzilda@sede.ibama.gov.br, web site: www.ibama.gov.br




                        61
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                      BULGARIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                16.02.1996 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                  15.02.2000


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Ministry of Environment and Water                 Ministry of Environment and Water
67, “William Gladstone” Str.                      Waste Management Department
Sofia 1000                                        67, “William Gladstone” Str.
tel: (359-2) 940-6531                             Sofia 1000
fax: (359-2) 986-4848                             tel: (359-2) 940-6531
e-mail: tzk@moew.govrn.bg                         fax: (359-2) 986-4848
web site: http://www.moew.govrn.bg                e-mail: tzk@moew.govrn.bg
                                                          opt@moew.govrn.bg
                                                          terzieva@moew.govrn.bg
                                                  web site: http://www.moew.govrn.bg



National             “Waste” shall be a substance, object or part thereof without preliminary
Definition           immediate application or which its owner wishes to or must relieve of. The
                     substances, objects or part of objects, submitted by the owner or by a person
                     authorized by the owner to the specialized waste treatment companies, shall
                     also be defined as “waste” until such time, when the materials restored
                     therefrom or the energy produced thereby shall become included in the
                     production process.
                     “Hazardous wastes” shall be the waste whose composition, quantity and
                     properties create risk to human health and the environment and is defined as
                     such under the Basel Convention for control of transboundaty movement of
                     hazardous waste and its disposal (according to Annex I of the Basel
                     Convention).
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     Wastes listed in Annex II of the Basel Convention (Y46-Y47) require special
                     consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.



                                                62
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                                Quantities
                                                                                                (in metric
                                                                                                tonnes)
      Generation    Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                                  755 677 1)
                    Total amount of other wastes generated                                      3 318 022 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                           51 3)
      Movement      exported
                    Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                           4 153 4)
                    imported

*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***   Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47)
      1)     Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a
(Annex I: Y1-Y45).
2)    Figure refers to total amount of Y46 generated.
3)    Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
4)    Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes imported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45).

 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Bulgaria has ratified the “Ban amendment” by law (published in State
                 Gazette No. 113/28.12.1999).
 Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Bulgaria restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are:
                        - Reduction of the Harmful Impact of Waste upon the Environment Act,
                          dated 18 September 1997; and
                        - Council of Ministers Decree No 166 on the adoption of a Regulation for
                          the cases that require a permit for import, export and transit transportation
                          of waste, and on the conditions and procedures for permit issuance, dated
                          4 August 2000 (repealing Regulation No 5 of 8 October 1998, on the
                          permits for import, export and transit transportation of waste).
                        This restriction covers wastes from Annex I to the Basel Convention
                        (according to Art. 1 (1) a.); and Amber and Red List Wastes (Annex III and
                        IV) to the Regulation 259/93/EEC.
                        Bulgaria remarks that a waste export permit shall be issued in observation of
                        the following conditions:
                        - a written consent by the competent authorities of the State of import,
                           including:
                           a) a declaration that the wastes to be forwarded are needed for
                               processing or recycling or other activities related to wastes;
                                                        63
b) a confirmation of a contract between the applicant or a person, on whose
  behalf the applicant is arranging the transboundary movement of waste and
  the person who will dispose the wastes in the importing state.
- a written confirmation by the competent authorities of the states through
   which territories transit transportation shall be carried out, that accept the
   transportation through the territories thereof.

Restrictions on import for final disposal
Bulgaria restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
disposal. The relevant legislation is the Environmental Protection Act, dated
18 October 1991. This restriction covers all wastes.
The import of waste into the state with the purpose of storage, landfill or
disposal is prohibited.

Restrictions on import for recovery
Bulgaria restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. The relevant legislations are:
- Reduction of the Harmful Impact of Waste upon the Environment Act,
  dated 18 September 1997; and
- Council of Ministers Decree No 166 on the adoption of a Regulation for
  the cases that require a permit for import, export and transit transportation
  of waste, and on the conditions and procedures for permit issuance, dated
  4 August 2000 (repealing Regulation No 5 of 8 October 1998, on the
  permits for import, export and transit transportation of waste).
This restriction covers wastes from Annex I to the Basel Convention
(according to Art. 1 (1) a.); and Amber and Red List Wastes (Annex III and
IV) to the Regulation 259/93/EEC.
Bulgaria remarks that import of waste within the Republic of Bulgaria shall
be allowed in exceptional cases and under observation of the following
conditions:
-    Imported waste shall be used only for the needs of production if end-user
     contracts are available;
-    the persons who shall process the waste must possess a permit for this
     activity;
-    the wastes must have their physico-chemical composition determined
     precisely and must be accompanied by the necessary documents
     including a specification, certificate and an invoice;
-    the use of wastes in the relevant production processes should produce
     smaller quantities of waste than the use of traditional raw materials or
     shall replace valuable or limited natural resources;
-    the waste must be stored and processed for a period not longer than 6
     months and in a way excluding risks to human health and to the
     environment; and
-   a written confirmation by the competent authority of the State of export
    that does not have the technical capacity and the necessary facilities,
    capacity or suitable disposal sites in order to dispose of the wastes in an
    environmentally sound and efficient manner.
                            64
                 Restrictions on transit
                 Bulgaria restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislations are:
                 - Reduction of the Harmful Impact of Waste upon the Environment Act,
                   dated 18 September 1997; and
                 - Council of Ministers Decree No 166 on the adoption of a Regulation for
                   the cases that require a permit for import, export and transit transportation
                   of waste, and on the conditions and procedures for permit issuance, dated
                   4 August 2000 (repealing Regulation No 5 of 8 October 1998, on the
                   permits for import, export and transit transportation of waste).
                 This restriction covers wastes from Annex I to the Basel Convention
                 (according to Art. 1 (1) a.); and Amber and Red List Wastes (Annex III and
                 IV) to the Regulation 259/93/EEC.
                 The permits for transit transportation of waste shall be issued in observation
                 of the following conditions:
                 - a written consent by the competent authorities of the states through which
                   the transportation shall be conducted following the transition of the
                   wastes through the Republic of Bulgaria, including such from the State of
                   import;
                 - a declaration by the competent authorities of the state through which the
                   wastes shall be transported prior to the Bulgarian border, conforming the
                   obligations for return passage and acceptance of the cargo in case the
                   same is not admitted into the Republic of Bulgaria or in any of the
                   subsequent states; and
                 - bank guarantees or insurance covering the resulting from transportation
                   damages in transit including where the transboundary transportation is
                   considered illegal.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           National Waste Management Program – accepted by the Council of
                 Ministers‟ Decision No.254/20.04.1999.
Elimination of
Hazardous        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste            - Regulation of the cases that require a permit for import, export and transit
Generation         transportation of waste, and on the conditions and procedures for permit
                   issuance (repealing Regulation No. 5 of 8 October 1998, on the Permits
                   for Import, Export and Transit Transportation of Waste), adopted by
                   Decree of Council of Ministers No. 166 dated 4 August 2000;
                 - Regulation on the requirements for treatment and transport of waste oils
                   and oil products, adopted by Decree of Council of Ministers No. 131
                   dated 13.07.2000;




                                            65
                  - Regulation on the requirements for putting into market of luminescent and
                    other containing mercury lamps, and on the treatment and transportation
                    of spent luminescent and other containing mercury lamps, adopted by
                    Decree of Council of Ministers No. 260 dated 05.12.2000; and
                  - Regulation on the requirements for production and marketing of batteries
                    and accumulators and for treatment and transport of spent batteries and
                    accumulators, adopted by Decree of Council of Ministers No. 134 dated
                    17.07.2000.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Product charge for putting into market of batteries and accumulators.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      National Waste Management Programme – accepted by the Council of
              Minister‟s Decision No. 254 dated 20.04.1999.
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Information could be obtained from:
                  Ministry of Environment and Water, Waste Management Department
Facilities
                  67, “William Gladstone” Str., Sofia 1000
                  tel: (359-2) 940-6544/6530/6637, fax: (359-2) 986-4848
                  e-mail: otp@moew.govrn.bg and tzk@moew.govrn.bg
                  A project for Establishment of the National Hazardous Waste Treatment
                  Centre is under preparation. The import of all types of waste in Bulgaria
                  intended to be stored, landfilled, or disposed of is prohibited.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Information could obtained from:
                  Ministry of Environment and Water, Waste Management Department, 67,
                  “William Gladstone” Str., Sofia 1000, tel: (359-2) 940-6544/6530/6637, fax:
                  (359-2) 986-4848, e-mail: otp@moew.govrn.bg.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         A list could obtained from:
Assistance and    Ministry of Environment and Water, Waste Management Department, 67,
                  “William Gladstone” Str., Sofia 1000, tel: (359-2) 981-6610, 940-6259,
Training          981-1183; fax: (359-2) 986-4848; e-mail: KaradjovaN@moew.govrn.bg,
Available         MarianaSIR@moew.govrn.bg or LB@moew.govrn.bg


                                             66
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                  BURKINA FASO


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  04.11.1999 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

        Direction Gènérale de la Préservation de            Direction Gènérale de la Préservation de
l‟Environement                                      l‟Environement
03 BP 7044 – Ouagadougou 03                         03 BP 7044 – Ouagadougou 03
tel: (226) 31-1676                                  tel: (226) 31-1669 and 32-4089
fax: (226) 31-6491 and 31-1676                      fax: (226) 31-6491
                                                    e-mail: Zephirin_25@hotmail.com



National             There is no general definition of waste, but according to article 5 of Law
Definition           005/97/ADP establishing the Environmental Code for Burkina Faso, there
                     are specific definitions of urban, industrial and hazardous waste.
                     Hazardous waste is any waste presenting risks for public health and security
                     and the environment. Waste coming from abroad is presumed to be
                     hazardous.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Burkina Faso there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                   67
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                     Quantities
                                                                                     (in metric
                                                                                     tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                  No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                      No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                No export
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes           No import
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Burkina Faso.
Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      According to article 39 of the Law 005/97/ADP establishing the
                      Environmental Code for Burkina Faso, any activity regarding the transit,
                      import, purchase, sale, transport, treatment, deposit or storage of hazardous
                      wastes is prohibited in Burkina Faso.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      According to article 39 of the Law 005/97/ADP establishing the
                      Environmental Code for Burkina Faso, any activity regarding the transit,
                      import, purchase, sale, transport, treatment, deposit or storage of hazardous
                      wastes is prohibited in Burkina Faso.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      According to article 39 of the Law 005/97/ADP establishing the
                      Environmental Code for Burkina Faso, any activity regarding the transit,
                      import, purchase, sale, transport, treatment, deposit or storage of hazardous
                      wastes is prohibited in Burkina Faso.


Reduction             National strategies/policies
and/or                The national strategy for reduction and elimination of hazardous materials
                      and other waste has been defined in a management plan for industrial and
Elimination of
                      household wastes. But the strategy is insufficient or is difficult to implement.
Hazardous
Waste
Generation

                                                  68
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  Burkina Faso has an Environment Code that seeks to create fundamental
                  principles aimed at preserving the environment and improving the standard
                  of living. These fundamental principles are combating desertification,
                  implementing international agreements ratified by Burkina Faso and
                  preparation and adoption of regulations.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  A National Commission for Investments has been created in Burkina Faso to
                  grant exemptions for the import of equipment for cleaning up pollution. In
                  addition, recognized businesses will be subject to the payment of a single
                  tax. Furthermore, an annual tax will be charged on activities considered
                  dangerous.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          None.
Reduction
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures          Article 39 of the Environmental Code prohibits any activity related to the
                  transit, import, purchase, sale, transport, treatment, deposit or storage of
                  hazardous material in Burkina Faso.


Disposal/         None.
Recovery
Facilities


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                             69
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                      CAMBODIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  02.03.2001 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                       Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Director, Department of Pollution Control        Vice Chief, Office of Environmental Pollution
Ministry of Environment                          Research and Technology Management,
# 48, Samdech Preah Sihanouk, Tonle Bassac       Department of Pollution Control, Ministry of
Chamkamon, Phnom Penh                            Environment
tel: (855) 2321-0492                             # 48, Samdech Preah Sihanouk, Tonle Bassac
fax: (855-23) 21-2540/98-7880                    Chamkamon, Phnom Penh
e-mail: moepcd@bigpond.com.kh                    tel: (855-23) 21-0492
                                                 fax: (855-23) 21-2540/98-7880
                                                 e-mail: choviran@hotmail.com or
                                                          moepcd@bigpond.com.kh




National             Waste is defined as any hard objects, hard substances, products or refuse
Definition           which are useless, disposed of, are intended to be disposed of, or are required
                     to be disposed of.
                     Hazardous waste is defined as any substances that are radioactive, explosive,
                     toxic, inflammable, pathogenic, irritating, corrosive, oxidizing, or other
                     chemical substances which may cause danger to human and animal health or
                     damage plants, public property or the environment.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Cambodia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                 70
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                  Quantities
                                                                                  (in metric
                                                                                  tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes             No export
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes        No import
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Cambodia.
Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Cambodia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislation is the Solid Wastes Management Sub-
                      Decree, Article 20 which states that “the exportation of hazardous waste
                      from the Kingdom of Cambodia to abroad could be conducted if there are an
                      agreement from the Ministry of Environment, export license from the
                      Ministry of Trade, and permit from the import country. The exportation of
                      hazardous wastes shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Basel
                      Convention”.

                      Restrictions on export for recovery
                      Cambodia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes for recovery.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal
                      Cambodia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislations are the Solid Waste Management Sub-
                      Decree, 1999; and the Water Quality Management Sub-Decree, 1999. The
                      Article 21 of the Solid Waste Management Sub-Decree states that “the
                      importation of hazardous waste into the country is strictly prohibited”.




                                                 71
                  Restrictions on import for recovery
                  Cambodia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                  recovery. The Article 21 of the Solid Waste Management Sub-Decree states
                  that “the importation of hazardous waste into the country is strictly
                  prohibited”.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Cambodia has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes. During the development process of the Sub-Decree, the transit of
                  hazardous wastes was not taken into consideration.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            None.
Elimination of
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Hazardous         - Solid Waste Management Sub-Decree, 1999;
Waste             - Water Quality Management Sub-Decree, 1999; and
Generation        - Air Pollution Control and Noise Disturber Management Sub-Decree,
                     2001.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  None.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  None.

                  Others
                  None.


Transboundary     The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Movement          other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
                  measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Reduction
                  generation.
Measures


Disposal/         None.
Recovery
Facilities


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


                                             72
Technical        The available source is:
Assistance and   Ministry of Environment, # 48, Samdech Preah Sihanenek, Tonle Bassac,
                 Chamkar Morn, Phnom Penh
Training
Available




                                         73
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         CANADA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                         28.08.1992 (r)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:              Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                              Focal Point

Chief, Transboundary Movement Branch,       Same as the Competent Authority
Toxic Pollution Prevention Directorate,
Environmental Protection Service,
Environment Canada
351 St.-Joseph Blvd., 12th Floor,
Hull, Québec, K1A 0H3, Canada
tel: (1-819) 953-1390
fax: (1-819) 997-3068
e-mail: john.myslicki@ec.gc.ca
web site: http://www.ec.gc.ca/tmd/tmdhp.htm




                                                74
National     The Government of Canada is undertaking domestic consultations to develop
Definition   an appropriate definition of waste. These consultations have resulted in the
             following proposed definition of „waste‟: “any material that is disposed,
             destined for disposal, or is required to be disposed, and does not include
             recyclable material or any material used for its original purpose”. Recyclable
             materials are effectively decoupled from this definition of “waste”.
             In Canada, the definition of hazardous waste for the purposes of controlling
             transboundary movements destined for final disposal or recycling is set out
             in the Export and Import of Hazardous Wastes Regulations. In order to meet
             this definition, a waste must either be found on an inclusive list of more than
             3000 substances and mixtures or meet one of the hazard class characteristics.
             Specific testing, criteria and protocols exist in the Canadian Transportation
             of Dangerous Goods Regulations (TDGR) for the following hazard classes
             (which in most cases are analogous to the Basel Annex III characteristic
             identified): substances that are gases or aerosols, flammable liquids (H3),
             flammable solids (H4.1), liable to spontaneous combustion (H4.2), emit
             flammable gases in contact with water (H4.3), oxidizing (H5.1), organic
             peroxides (H5.2), poisonous (H6.1), infectious (H6.2), corrosive (H8),
             hazardous to the environment (H12), leachate toxic (H13), or are otherwise
             designated as hazardous. Those substances which are explosive (H1) or
             radioactive are excluded from the definition for waste and are controlled
             under other Canadian federal legislation.




                                         75
                     Canada controls all of Annex I and Annex II wastes when they exhibit a
                     hazard characteristic. Canada also controls wastes, even if not included in
                     Annex I, as long as it exhibits a hazardous characteristic. For example:
                     Waste streams: Industrial waste streams are complex wastes that come
                     from certain specific industrial processes. 100 such waste streams are
                     listed in the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (TDGR)
                     and are controlled. Further, all wastes listed and controlled under the
                     OECD decisions are included in the Canadian regulatory regime of the
                     Export and Import of Hazardous Wastes Regulations (EIHWR). Some of
                     these could serve as examples of wastes which would not always be covered
                     by Annex I.
                     Waste having as constituents: Canada uses a leachate procedure to
                     characterize H13 wastes. Concentrations of contaminants listed in the
                     Canadian Drinking Water Quality Guidelines are assessed during the
                     procedure. Some of these contaminants, for example, boron and barium, are
                     not found on Annex I. The more than 3000 listed wastes by Canadian
                     regulations include a few hundred substances identified as being hazardous
                     to the environment. A number of these substances, when wastes, do not have
                     a corresponding Annex I or II entry.
                     The PCB Waste Export Regulations, 1996 (PCBWER) allow Canadian
                     owners of PCB waste to export such wastes to the United States for
                     treatment and destruction (excluding landfilling) when these wastes are in
                     concentrations equal to or greater than 50 parts per million. The Regulations
                     require that advance notice of proposed export shipments be given to
                     Environment Canada. If the PCB waste shipment complies with the
                     Regulations for the protection of human health and the environment, and
                     authorities in any countries or provinces through which the waste will transit
                     do not object to the shipment, written confirmation is sent from Environment
                     Canada to the applicant authorizing the shipment to proceed.

 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation           Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              1)
                           Total amount of other wastes generated                  1)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              319 814
      Movement             exported
                           Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       561 560
                           imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)
       Control of hazardous waste and hazardous recyclable material within Canada is a shared
       responsibility. Tracking of hazardous waste and hazardous recyclable material generation is a
       provincial/territorial responsibility.    The provinces/territories are also responsible for
                                                76
     establishing controls for licensing hazardous waste generators, carriers and treatment facilities
     within their jurisdiction.          The federal government regulates international and
     interprovincial/territorial movements, while provincial/territorial governments regulate
     intraprovincial movements of hazardous waste and hazardous recyclable material.
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary Although Canada has not ratified the Basel Ban (Decision III/I), Canada
                      effectively implements the terms of the ban through the EIHWR (all exports
Movement
                      to countries having banned imports and officially notified Canada are
                      prohibited, be it for recycling or disposal). Exports to non-parties are not
                      permitted unless subject to an Article 11 agreement (for example, Canada
                      U.S.A. Agreement; OECD Council Decisions).

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Canada restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislations are:
                      - Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA 1999) came into force
                        March 31, 2000, superseding the Canadian Environment Protection Act,
                        1988 (CEPA);
                      - Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations (EIHWR), entered
                        into force: November 26, 1992; and
                      - PCB Waste Export Regulations (PCBWER), came into force on February
                        4, 1997.
                      This restriction covers exports to countries prohibiting imports, and exports
                      to non-parties unless subject to an Article 11 agreement (for example,
                      Canada U.S.A. Agreement; OECD Council Decisions).
                      Although Canada has not ratified the Basel Ban (Decision III/I), Canada
                      effectively implements the terms of the ban through the EIHWR (all exports
                      to countries having banned imports and officially notified Canada are
                      prohibited, be it for recycling or disposal). Exports to non-parties are not
                      permitted unless subject to an Article 11 agreement (for example, Canada
                      U.S.A. Agreement; OECD Council Decisions).
                      Canada remarks that:
                      1. Implementation of Canadian requirements for advance notification (prior
                         informed consent) of transboundary shipments of hazardous wastes
                         allows Canada to manage transboundary hazardous waste shipments.
                         Advance notification requirements are contained in the Export and Import
                         of Hazardous Wastes Regulations under the Canadian Environmental
                         Protection Act (CEPA 1999).
                      2. Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations, Part II:
                      - in the case of exports, require mandatory prior notification of, and consent
                         from (i.e. prior informed consent), the importing country;
                      - implement a tracking system to ensure that, after shipping, hazardous
                         wastes actually arrive at intended and authorized facilities; and are
                         treated, disposed of or recycled as per the advance notice;
                      - prohibit exports of hazardous wastes to those countries that ban imports or
                         are not party to the Basel Convention or an Article 11 agreement with
                         Canada;
                                                 77
- require every exporter and carrier to obtain insurance to cover
  environmental damage should an accident occur during the transboundary
  movement of hazardous wastes;
- require contingency plans for shipments which cannot be completed as
  planned on the notice, to prevent them from becoming "orphans"; and
- simplified procedures for the transboundary movement of hazardous
  wastes destined for recovery/recycling facilities within the OECD area,
  based on the OECD three-tier system; and
- the exporting country must permit re-entry of any hazardous waste that
  may be returned by the importing country.

Restriction on export for recovery
Canada restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery.
Although Canada has not ratified the Basel Ban (Decision III/I), Canada
effectively implements the terms of the ban through the Export and Import of
Hazardous Wastes Regulations (all exports to countries having banned
imports and officially notified Canada are prohibited, be it for recycling or
disposal). Exports to non-parties are not permitted unless subject to an
Article 11 agreement. The Export and Import of Hazardous Waste
Regulations (EIHWR), came in to force November 26, 1992. It details
conditions on Exports for Recycling.
This restriction covers Canada; and exports to non-parties are not permitted
unless subject to an Article 11 agreement (for example, Canada U.S.A.
Agreement; OECD Council Decisions).
Canada remarks that:
1. The Export and Import of Hazardous Wastes Regulations include
   restrictions on exports for recycling. Where Canada is not a country of
   transit, an exporter may export a hazardous waste only if:
- the export of that hazardous waste is not prohibited under the laws of
   Canada;
- at the time the notice is given, the country of import has not notified the
   Chief that the importation of that hazardous waste into that country is
   prohibited;
- the country of import is a party to the Convention, the OECD Decision or
   the Canada-U.S.A. Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of
   Hazardous Waste (which came into effect on November 8, 1986); and
- the hazardous waste is not to be recycled south of 60° south latitude.
2. The Agreement affirms the four basic principles that both countries
   recognize as necessary to control transboundary shipments of hazardous
   waste:
- each country must adequately manage waste within its own jurisdiction;
- the exporting country must give the importing country prior notice of the
   proposed shipment. The importing country then indicates whether it
   objects to the proposed shipment;
- the two countries must cooperate to ensure that transboundary shipments
   of hazardous waste are accompanied by proper manifests, in order to
                           78
  verify compliance with the Agreement and with domestic regulations; and
- conditions of the Export and Import of Hazardous Wastes Regulations
  must be met.



Restrictions on import for final disposal
Canada restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
disposal. The relevant legislations are:
- the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA 1999), March 31,
  2000;
- the Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations (EIHWR),
  November 26, 1992 through conditions on Exports for Recycling; and
- the Canada - U.S.A. Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of
  Hazardous Wastes, November 8, 1986.
This restriction covers imports from any country. It does not permit exports
to, nor imports from non-parties, unless subject to an Article 11 agreement.
Canada meets it‟s international obligations through:
1. CEPA 1999 provides authority to establish a permit system for the import,
   export and transit of hazardous wastes destined for final disposal;
2. The Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations (EIHWR)
   Conditions on Imports for Disposal include:
- the import of that hazardous waste is not prohibited under the laws of
   Canada;
- the country of export is a party to the Convention or the Canada-U.S.A.
   Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste that
   came into effect on November 8, 1986;
- the importer is the disposer of the hazardous waste in Canada;
- there is a signed, written contract or a series of such contracts between the
   importer and the person who exports the hazardous waste from the
   country of export or, where the importer and the person who exports the
   hazardous waste are the same legal entity doing business in both Canada
   and the country of export, there is a signed, written arrangement between
   representatives of the entity in both countries; and
- the importer and carrier to obtain insurance to cover environmental
   damage should an accident occur during the transboundary movement of
   hazardous wastes;
3. The Canada - U.S.A. Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of
   Hazardous Wastes sets out the specific administrative conditions for the
   export, import, and transportation of hazardous waste between the two
   countries. These conditions stipulate that hazardous waste generators and
   parties wishing to transport hazardous waste across the border must first
   submit, together with other relevant documents, a notice which contains a
   variety of detailed information about the proposed shipment:
- the type and amount of waste;
- when the waste will be exported;
                           79
- the name of the transporter and method of transportation (air, highway,
  rail, water);
- the type of container used (drums, boxes, tanks, etc. ); and
- the name and address of the party to whom the waste will be shipped, and
  the method of recycling, treatment, storage, or disposal.


Restrictions on import for recovery
Canada restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. The relevant legislations are:
- the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA 1999), March 31,
   2000;
- the Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations (EIHWR),
   November 26, 1992 through conditions on Exports for Recycling; and
- the Canada - U.S.A. Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of
   Hazardous Wastes, November 8, 1986.
This restriction covers imports from any country. It does not permit exports
to, nor imports from non-parties, unless subject to an Article 11 agreement.
Canada remarks that:
1. CEPA 1999 provides authority to establish a permit system for the import,
   export and transit of hazardous wastes and hazardous recyclables;
2. Conditions on imports for recycling included under the EIHWR, for the
   purposes of subsection 44(2) of CEPA, where Canada is not a country of
   transit, an importer may import a hazardous waste only if:
- the import of that hazardous waste is not prohibited under the laws of
   Canada;
- the country of export is a party to the Convention, the OECD Decision or
   the Canada-U.S.A. Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of
   Hazardous Waste that came into effect on November 8, 1986;
- the importer and carrier obtain insurance to cover environmental damage
   should an accident occur during the transboundary movement of
   hazardous wastes;
- the importer is the recycler of the hazardous waste in Canada; and
- there is a signed, written contract or a series of such contracts between the
   importer and the person who exports the hazardous waste from the
   country of export or, where the importer and the person who exports the
   hazardous waste are the same legal entity doing business in both Canada
   and the country of export, there is a signed, written arrangement between
   representatives of the entity in both countries.
3. Under the principles of the Canada - U.S.A. Agreement:
- each country must adequately manage waste within its own jurisdiction;
- the exporting country must give the importing country prior notice of the
   proposed shipment. The importing country then indicates whether it
   objects to the proposed shipment;
- the two countries must cooperate to ensure that transboundary shipments
   of hazardous waste are accompanied by proper manifests, in order to
   verify compliance with the Agreement and with domestic regulations; and
                           80
- the exporting country must permit re-entry of any hazardous waste that
  may be returned by the importing country.




Restrictions on transit
Canada restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
relevant legislations are:
- the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA 1999), March 31,
  2000;
- the Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations (EIHWR),
  November 26, 1992 through conditions on Exports for Recycling; and
- the Canada - U.S.A. Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of
  Hazardous Wastes, November 8, 1986.
Transits through Canada are only permitted following notification and
consent.
Canada remarks that:
-    CEPA 1999 provides authority to establish a permit system for the
    transit of hazardous wastes and hazardous recyclables through Canada.
- For the purposes of Part 7, Division 8 of the Canadian Environmental
  Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999), where Canada is only a country of
  transit, subject to the Export and Import of Hazardous Wastes
  Regulations (EIHWR) a person may import and subsequently export a
  hazardous waste only if the import or export of that hazardous waste is
  not prohibited under the laws of Canada;
- the carrier of the hazardous waste, if other than Her Majesty in right of
  Canada or a province or Her agent, is insured in accordance with section
  9; where the country of export and the country of import are not the
  same country, the competent authority in the country of export has
  provided to the Chief written confirmation that the competent authority
  in the country of import, and in each country of transit through which the
  hazardous waste is destined to pass before entering the country of
  import, consents, in accordance with the laws of the country of that
  authority with respect to giving that consent, to the proposed import into
  and, where applicable, export from that country;
- where the country of export and the country of import are the same
  country, the carrier of the hazardous waste receives written confirmation
  from the Chief that the authority, body or person specified on the List of
  Hazardous Waste Authorities in respect of Canada has received the
  notice in respect of the proposed import of the hazardous waste; and
- Under the terms of the Canada - U.S. A. Agreement, hazardous waste
  generators and parties wishing to transport hazardous waste across the
  border must first submit, together with other relevant documents, a
  notice which contains a variety of detailed information about the
                           81
                   proposed shipment including:
                 - the type and amount of waste;
                 - when the waste will be exported;
                 - the name of the transporter and method of transportation (air, highway,
                   rail, water);
                 - the type of container used (drums, boxes, tanks, etc. ); and,
                 - the name and address of the party to whom the waste will be shipped,
                   and the method of recycling, treatment, storage, or disposal.

Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           In Canada, both mandatory and voluntary plans and programs exist. They
                 are set up by the federal and provincial governments and by municipalities.
Elimination of
                 In general, provincial and municipal plans tend to be mandatory, whereas
Hazardous        federal plans are voluntary. Some examples are as follows:
Waste
Generation       -Section 188 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 creates a
                 new authority for the Minister of the Environment. The Minister may
                 require an exporter or class of exporters of hazardous waste or prescribed
                 non-hazardous waste for final disposal to submit and implement a plan "for
                 the purpose of reducing or phasing out" those exports. Once such a
                 requirement is imposed, the Minister may refuse to issue an export permit if
                 the plan is not submitted or implemented.
                 -Section 191(g) authorizes the Government to develop regulations
                 respecting these plans "taking into account: i) the benefit of using the
                 nearest appropriate facility, and ii) changes in the quantity of goods the
                 production of which generates hazardous waste to be disposed of by an
                 exporter or class of exporters."
                 -    In 1995, the Toxic Substances Management Policy was released. This
                     policy provides a two track approach to managing toxic substances. The
                     first track is the elimination of specified substances and the second track
                     encourages the “cradle to grave philosophy”;
                 -    Also in 1995, the Pollution Prevention - Federal Strategy for Action
                     Plan was released. This initiative encourages both industry and
                     individuals to reduce pollution and decrease waste production on a
                     voluntary basis.    Programs such as the Accelerated Reduction
                     Elimination Toxics (ARET) have been successful in this endeavor; and
                 -    the National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI), contains data
                     commencing in 1993 on the annual release and transfer in waste
                     containing any of 176 specified substances.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 Canada does not apply legally defined technical standards regarding
                 manufacturing and recycling processes in order to support Waste
                 Minimization (Reduce, Reuse, Recovery & Recycle). Additionally, Canada
                 has implemented efforts in product take-back obligations (“stewardship”)
                 and deposit refund schemes.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                                              82
Taxes and duties are levied on waste intensive products and waste treatment
and landfilling. Some examples include provincial and local tipping fees,
advance disposal surcharge for pesticide containers and taxes on new tires
sold.     Financial aid programs and economic incentives are applied
extensively for both municipal solid waste and hazardous waste
minimization. Financial aid is given to research and development, pilot plant
design and construction, development of clean technologies, consulting
services, eco-balances and eco auditing. Financial aid is granted by federal
institutions, provincial administrations and by private funds. Some examples
include:
- Action 21, which is a federal government funding programme for public
  environmental awareness initiatives and local environmental projects;
- Technology Partnerships Canada - Environmental Technologies which is
  a federal investment support programme for business in the form of
  interest-free loans. Support is given to the development of new
  technologies, processes and products;
- a provincial waste reduction fund which provides a 50% cost share for
  waste reduction initiatives; and
- A provincial financial assistance programme to the recycling industry.
  Subsidy of up to 50% of the capital costs, loan guarantees.

Measures taken by industries/waste generators
Economic and consumer pressures have moved industry to introduce
methods of waste reduction on a voluntary basis. Some of the initiatives
include:
- Total Quality Management programs such as the ISO standards. These
   Programs improve the overall operations of businesses and as a partial
   result of these efforts, a net reduction in wastes is achieved;
- The Canadian Chemical Producers Association program of “Responsible
   Care” has resulted in a “cradle to grave” or product stewardship approach
   in the chemical industry; and
- The Ontario Printing and Imaging Association has introduced “The
   Empty Trash Can” program in an effort to promote reduced wastes and
   associated costs.

Others
In Canada, Waste Minimization is fostered by information services offering
support to private households and industrial waste producers.
- A provincial recycling council, information services on recycling;
- A provincial recycling organization which provides information on
  recycling and also supports the management of a deposit-refund system
  for beverage containers and a programme on recovery and recycling of
  used tires; and
- An association of municipal recycling coordinators offers information to
  private households.
Eco-labeling, Environmental Choice Programme. This voluntary program
has developed environmental criteria against which products and services are
assessed.   Companies whose product or service passes testing and
                           83
                  verification to ensure that they are environmentally sound, are licensed to use
                  the EcoLogo.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          In order to lessen threats to the environment or public safety during
                  transportation and to manage transboundary shipments effectively, in 1986
Reduction
                  Canada and the USA entered into the comprehensive agreement: Canada-
Measures          U.S.A. Agreement on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes.
                  This agreement, consistent with Article 11 of the Basel Convention, sets
                  out the specific administrative conditions for the export, import, and
                  transportation of hazardous waste between the two countries.
                  Canada recognizes the environmental and economic advantages of
                  minimizing distances that hazardous waste must travel. In 2000, 96% of
                  Canada‟s exports were destined for the United States and 97% of imports
                  were from the United States.
                   In 2000, 50.4% of Canada's imports and 73.1% of Canada's exports of
                   hazardous waste were destined for recycling operations. Trade in wastes
                   destined for recovery is significant in Canada. Hazardous wastes
                   recovery is a thriving industry within Canada, and helps to reduce
                   demand on primary resources.

                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  Under the revised CEPA 1999, (Canadian Environmental Protection Act),
                  authority is also given to the Minister to require exporters to have plans for
                  reducing or phasing out the quantity of hazardous waste and prescribed non-
                  hazardous wastes that is exported for final disposal. Plans would take into
                  account the identification of the benefit of using the nearest appropriate
                  disposal facility and changes to the quantities of hazardous waste that may
                  result from changes in production levels. The Act also includes requirements
                  to report at regular intervals on the progress of implementing the plan.
                  Subsequent export permits may be refused if these requirements are not met.


Disposal/         In Canada, disposal/recycling facilities are monitored/regulated by provinces
Recovery          and territories. For further information, the Competent Authority could be
                  contacted.
Facilities

Bilateral,        Canada-US bilateral agreement on the transboundary movement of
Multilateral or   hazardous waste, effective from November 8, 1986. This agreement sets out
                  the specific administrative conditions for the export, import, and transit of
Regional          hazardous waste between the two countries. Renewed every five years. This
Agreements        was amended in 1992 to include Annex II wastes.
                  OECD Council Decision C(92)39/Final Multilateral Agreement effective
                  from 30 March 1992 concerning the control of transfrontier movements of
                  wastes destined for recovery operations (active). It covers Australia, Austria,
                  Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
                                             84
                 Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg,
                 Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain,
                 Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.


Technical        Some of the contact points are:
Assistance and   - Chief, Transboundary Movement Branch, Toxic Pollution Prevention
                   Directorate, Environment Protection Service, Environment Canada, 351
Training
                   St. Joseph Blvd., 12th floor, Hull, Quebec K1A 0H3;
Available        - Canadian Environmental Industry Association, National Office, 208 - 350
                   Sparks Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1R 7S8;
                 - Association of Consulting Engineers of Canada, 130 Albert St., Suite 616,
                   Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5G4;
                 - “Directory of Hazardous Waste Services” available from: Southam
                   Information and Technology Group. 1450 Don Mills Road, Don Mills,
                   Ontario M3B 2X7; and
                 - Directory of Contaminated Sites Services, which presents a profile of
                   firms in Canada that provide services associated with the associated with
                   the assessment and remediation of contaminated sites., Chief,
                   Contaminated Sites Division, Environmental Technologies Advancement
                   Directorate, Environment Canada, 351 St. Joseph., 12th floor; Hull,
                   Québec, Canada K1A OH3
                 For further information, the Competent Authority could be contacted.




                                           85
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                           CHILE


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                11.08.1992 (r)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                     Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Subscretario de Salud                             Direccion de Medio Ambiente
Ministerio de Salud                               Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Mc Iver No 541, Santiago                          Catedral No 1143, Santiago
tel: (56-2)630-0406                               tel: (56-2) 679-4375 and 679-4373
fax: (56-2) 639-9461                              fax: (56-2) 673-2152
e-mail: ainfante@minsal.cl                        e-mail: dima10@minrel.cl
web site: www.minsal.cl                           web site: www.minrel.cl



National             Chile is preparing a regulation on management of hazardous wastes that
Definition           contains a national definition of waste and hazardous waste. This definition
                     of wastes is also to be used for the purpose of transboundary movements. A
                     Draft Law is being prepared by the National Congress, which, if approved,
                     will prohibit the entry of hazardous wastes into Chile. This Draft Law would
                     also contain the above-mentioned definitions of waste and hazardous waste.
                     Chile is in preparatory process to regulate/control additional wastes as
                     hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and
                     would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to
                     Art. (1)b. Hazardous wastes that are not covered by the Basel Convention are
                     being considered for inclusion in the above mentioned regulation.
                     Any wastes, even those that are not hazardous, require authorization from the
                     National Sanitary Authority for every kind of management, including their
                     transport.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Chile.
Movement



                                                86
                 Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                 Chile has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                 for final disposal and for recovery, when there are no national capabilities for
                 treatment or disposal.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                 Chile is in a preparatory process to restrict import of hazardous wastes and
                 other wastes for final disposal and for recovery. A Draft Law is being
                 prepared by the National Congress, which, if approved, will prohibit the
                 entry of hazardous wastes into Chile.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Chile is in a preparatory process to restrict the transit of hazardous wastes
                 and other wastes. The Draft Law, if approved, will limit the transit of
                 hazardous wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Chile has implemented a policy of clean production in some production
                 sectors.
Elimination of
Hazardous        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste            Guidelines have been developed for each sector included in the clean
Generation       production programmes.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 None.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 - Sound environmental management for pesticide containers;
                 - Hazardous waste components segregation in some waste streams.

                 Others
                 None.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         Chile does not import wastes. Export of hazardous wastes is allowed when
                 Chile has not capability to treat or dispose those wastes.
Reduction
Measures         Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 None.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 None.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 None.



                                             87
                  Others
                  None.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          - Hidronor S.A., Av. Vizcaia # 260, Santiago, tel: (56-2) 640-9364, fax:
                    (56-2) 640-9372, treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes.
Facilities
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Some of the available facilities are:
                  - Hidronor S.A., Av. Vizcaia # 260, Santiago, tel: (56-2) 640-9364, fax:
                    (56-2) 640-9372, transformation of liquid residues in fuel;
                  - Bravo Energy Chile S.A., Av. Las Industrias # 12 600, Maipú, tel: (56-2)
                    535-0514, transformation of liquid residues in fuel;
                  - Procesan S.A., Cerro El Roble No 9661, tel: (56-2) 738-6089, fax: (56-2)
                    747-1009, incineration of wastes from health-care activities;
                  - Sercoin S.C.I. Ltda., Las Acacias No 02519, San Bernardo, tel: (56-2)
                    528-3679, fax: (56-2) 528-2424, solvent reclamation/regeneration; and
                  - Recycling Instruments Ltda., Cerro Santa Lucia No 9981-C, Quilicura,
                    tel:    (56-2)     747-1241,        fax:  (56-2)     747-1162,    solvent
                    reclamation/regeneration and used oil re-refining.
                  A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Ministry of Health, Mc Iver 541, Santiago; and
                  - National Environment Centre, Av. Larraín # 9975, Santiago.
Training
Available




                                             88
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                           CHINA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                17.12.1991 (r)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                  01.05.2001


            Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

State Environmental Protection Administration    Department of Pollution Control
  (SEPA)                                                 State Environmental Protection
115 Xizhimennei Nanxiaojie, Beijing 100035       Administration
tel: (86-10) 6615-4547                           115 Xizhimennei Nanxiaojie, Beijing 100035
fax: (86-10) 6615-1762                           tel: (86-10) 6615-4547
e-mail: xia.yingxian@zhb.gov.cn                  fax: (86-10) 6615-1762
web site: www.zhb.gov.cn                         e-mail: xia.yingxian@zhb.gov.cn
                                                 web site: www.zhb.gov.cn
        Hong Kong Special Administrative
Region, China
Waste and Water Management Group
Environment Protection Department
Government of Hong Kong Special
  Administrative Region, China
28th floor, Southorn Centre
130 Hennessy Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong
tel: (85-2) 2755-5462
fax: (85-2) 2305-0453


National             China
Definition            “Solid wastes” means wastes in solid or semi-solid state generated in the
                     production and construction, daily life and other activities, which might
                     pollute the environment.
                     “Hazardous wastes” means wastes included in the national catalogue of
                     hazardous waste or wastes which, according to the identification standards of
                     hazardous wastes, are determined as having the hazardous property.
                     China regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not included
                     in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for the
                     purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b.




                                                89
                      These wastes are: Nickel compound waste (code: HW46; source of the
                      waste: wastes of nickel compound; reactionary residue and unqualified
                      products from the production; overdue nickel catalysts; nickel residue and
                      tank liquid from the electroplating process; waste nickel compounds from
                      analysis, chemical examination and testing); and Barium compound waste
                      (code: HW47; source of the waste: wastes of barium compounds excluding
                      barium sulfate; reactionary residue and unqualified products from the
                      production of barium compound; salt bath residue from the heat treatment
                      process; wasted barium compound from analysis, chemical examination and
                      testing).
                      In China, import of solid wastes that cannot be used as raw materials is
                      prohibited. Up to now, only ten kinds of wastes are allowed to be imported,
                      which are listed in the Category of Wastes that can be used as raw materials
                      and are restricted in importation by the state.
                      Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
                      The list of hazardous wastes for the purpose of control on waste import and
                      export in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) is specified
                      in the Seventh Schedule (Annex I) of the Waste Disposal Ordinance (WDO),
                      the Laws of Hong Kong Chapter 354. Under the WDO, contaminated wastes
                      are also controlled as hazardous wastes. For the purpose of control on import
                      and export of wastes under the WDO, a waste is “contaminated” if it is
                      contaminated by a substance to an extent which
                      - significantly increases the risk of human health, property or the
                        environment associated with the waste; or
                      - prevents the reprocessing, recycling, recovery or re-use of the waste in an
                        environmentally sound manner.

                     (Please also see the list of goods prohibited to be imported which is annexed to
                     this CFS)


Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                  Quantities
                                                                                  (in metric
                                                                                  tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               8 300 000 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes             3 346 2)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes        No import
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Figure refers to the total amount generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) in China.

                                                 90
2)    Out of which 3 326 mt refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a
      (Annex I: Y1-Y45).
 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                    implemented in China. The amendment has been approved by the 9th
 Movement
                    standing committee, the National Congress of the People‟s Republic of
                    China on October 31, 1999.

                     Restrictions on export for final disposal
                     China
                     China restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                     disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation complies with the Basel
                     Convention. The export is allowed when there are no disposal/ recovery
                     facilities in China capable of disposing the waste in an environmental sound
                     manner. The export of hazardous waste for disposal/recovery for which there
                     are no proper facilities in China must comply with the requirements of the
                     Basel Convention. The transboundary movement can only take place upon
                     prior written notification from the competent authorities of the states of
                     export, import and transit, and upon consent from these authorities.
                     Furthermore, each shipment of hazardous waste should be accompanied by a
                     movement document from the point at which the movement begins to the
                     point of disposal.
                     Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
                     In addition to the Basel Convention requirements, the export of any waste for
                     a purpose other than re-use, recovery, reprocessing or recycling (e.g. for final
                     disposal including landfilling and incineration) of the waste is subject to
                     control by the same procedure as that of the control of export of hazardous
                     waste.

                     Restrictions on export for recovery
                     China
                     China restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                     disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation complies with the Basel
                     Convention. The export is allowed when there are no disposal/ recovery
                     facilities in China capable of recovering the waste in an environmental sound
                     manner. The export of hazardous waste for disposal/recovery for which there
                     are no proper facilities in China must comply with the requirements of the
                     Basel Convention. The transboundary movement can only take place upon
                     prior written notification from the competent authorities of the states of
                     export, import and transit, and upon consent from these authorities.
                     Furthermore, each shipment of hazardous waste should be accompanied by a
                     movement document from the point at which the movement begins to the
                     point of recovery.
                     Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
                     In addition to the Basel Convention requirements, the export of any waste for
                     a purpose other than re-use, recovery, reprocessing or recycling (e.g. for final
                     disposal including landfilling and incineration) of the waste is subject to
                     control by the same procedure as that of the control of export of hazardous
                                                91
waste.

Restrictions on import
List of Goods Prohibited to be Imported (Fourth and Fifth)
“Announcement 25, 2002, promulgated by Ministry of foreign trade and
economic cooperation (MOFTEC), General Administration of Customs,
State Environment Protection Administration on July 3, 2002.
In accordance with the Regulation on the Administration of Import and
Export of Goods of the People‟s Republic of China, the Law of Prevention
and control of Solid Waste Pollution to the Environment of the People‟s
Republic of China, and the Circular on Import of the Seventh Category of
Waste, the List of Goods Prohibited to be Imported (fourth and fifth) is
hereby promulgated and shall become effective as of the August 15, 2002”.
The list is annexed to this CFS.
List of Goods Prohibited to be Imported (Third)
“Announcement 36, 2001, promulgated by Ministry of foreign trade and
economic cooperation (MOFTEC), General Administration of Customs, Sate
Environment Protection Administration on December 23, 2001.
In accordance with the Regulation on the Administration of Import and
Export of Goods of the People‟s Republic of China, the Basel Convention on
the Control of Trasnboundary Movement of hazardous wastes and Their
Disposal, the Law of Prevention and control of Solid Waste Pollution to the
Environment of the People‟s Republic of China, and the decision of the State
Council on several Issues concerning Environmental Protection, the List of
Goods Prohibited to be Imported (Third) is hereby promulgated and shall
become effective as of the January 1, 2002”. The list is annexed to this CFS.

Restrictions on import for final disposal
China
China restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
disposal. The relevant legislations are the Law of Prevention and Control of
Solid Waste Pollution to the Environment, effective on April 1st, 1996; the
Interim Regulation on the Administration of Environmental Protection in the
Import of Waste Materials, entry into force on April 1st, 1996; and the
Environmental Protection Control Standards for Imported Waste Material,
entry into force 1996.
Law of Prevention and Control of Solid Waste Pollution to the Environment
- Article 24: It is forbidden to dump, store or dispose of foreign solid
  wastes within the territory of China.
- Article 25: The State forbids the import of solid waste which are unusable
  as raw materials and restricts the import of solid wastes which could be
  used as raw materials.
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
With effect from 28 December 1998, import of hazardous wastes from states
                           92
which are OECD members, European Community (EC) and Liechtenstein
into HKSAR or through HKSAR to other states has been prohibited.
In addition to the Basel Convention requirements, the import of any waste
for a purpose other than re-use, recovery, reprocessing or recycling (e.g. for
final disposal including landfilling and incineration) of the waste is also
subject to control by the same procedure as that of the control of import of
hazardous waste.

Restrictions on import for recovery
China
China restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
The relevant legislations are the Law of Prevention and Control of Solid
Waste Pollution to the Environment, effective on April 1st, 1996; the Interim
Regulation on the Administration of Environmental Protection in the Import
of Waste Materials, entry into force on April 1st, 1996; and the
Environmental Protection Control Standards for Imported Waste Material,
entry into force 1996.
According to the “Interim Regulation on the Administration of
Environmental Protection in the Import of Waste Materials” ten kinds of
waste are allowed to be imported: waste of bones; smelt slag; wood and
wood article wastes; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard; textile wastes;
base metals and article of base metal waste; waste electrical motors;
electrical scraps, waste wire and cables; vessels and other floating structure
for breaking up; wastes that need to be imported specially; and wastes,
parings and scraps of plastics. Except for these ten wastes, others are
forbidden to be imported (including hazardous waste).
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
With effect from 28 December 1998, import of hazardous wastes from states
which are OECD members, European Community (EC) and Liechtenstein
into HKSAR or through HKSAR to other states has been prohibited.
In addition to the Basel Convention requirements, the import of any waste
for a purpose other than re-use, recovery, reprocessing or recycling (e.g. for
final disposal including landfilling and incineration) of the waste is subject to
control by the same procedure on control of import of hazardous waste.

Restrictions on transit
China
China restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The relevant
legislation is the Law of Prevention and Control of Solid Waste Pollution to
the Environment, Article 58: All hazardous waste shall be prohibited from
passing through the territory of China.
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
With effect from 28 December 1998, import of hazardous wastes from states
which are OECD members, European Community (EC) and Liechtenstein
into Hong Kong or through Hong Kong to other states has been prohibited.


                            93
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           China
Elimination of   The State encourages and supports cleaner production and minimization of
Hazardous        the output amount of solid wastes.
Waste
                 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
Generation       A Waste Reduction Framework Plan (WRFP) was launched in November
                 1998 to reduce the amount of waste that requires disposal and to promote
                 recycling. One initiative being undertaken is to study waste management
                 tools and technologies that can reduce the bulk of the waste requiring final
                 disposal. Moreover, the government has set aside land for setting up a
                 Recovery park the first phase of which will be in operation by 2004. The
                 Environment and Conservation Fund and the Innovation and Technology
                 Fund provide funding support to encourage development of waste
                 minimization and recycling technologies.
                 In addition, Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC), a statutory
                 organization of the HKSAR, has been developing and promoting cleaner
                 production technologies to assist local industries and business sectors in
                 minimization of their wastes. Relevant examples include use of trivalent
                 chromium electroplating technology to avoid generation of hexavalent
                 chromium waste, and development of effective rinsing system and rinse
                 water recovery system for electroplating operations to reduce the discharge
                 of hazardous substances containing wastewater.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 China
                 In August 1996, the State Council enacted “Decisions of State Council on
                 Several Issues of Environmental Protection” which demands to ban, close
                 and stop 15 kinds of enterprises which cause serious pollution to the
                 environment.
                 In January 1999, the State Commission of Economy and Trade issued “List
                 of the backward technology and products for elimination”.
                 In June 2002, the 28th session of the Ninth National People‟s Congress
                 Standing Committee of the People‟s Republic of China, enacted the Law of
                 Cleaner Production Promotion.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         China
Reduction        Several Cities in China are building hazardous waste disposal and recovery
Measures         plant. They are Tianjin city, Shanghai city, Suzhou city of Jiangsu Province,
                 Hangzhou city of Zhejiang Province, Fuzhou City of Fujian Province.
                 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China

                                            94
                  A statutory Waste Disposal Plan was developed in 1989 for the management
                  of wastes in HKSAR. There are 3 major landfills for the disposal of
                  municipal wastes and a Chemical Waste Treatment Center for the disposal of
                  chemical wastes generated in the HKSAR. This facility promotes self
                  reliance for HKSAR to manage hazardous wastes and reduce the need for
                  HKSAR to export these wastes.


Disposal/         China
Recovery          Disposal facilities
Facilities        China
                  Shenzhen hazardous waste landfill site; Shenyang hazardous waste landfill
                  site; Dailian hazardous waste landfill site; and Shenyang PCB incinerator
                  plant.
                  Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
                  Information is available from the competent authority of HKSAR.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  China
                  Shanghai waste recovery and treatment center; Beijing waste recovery and
                  treatment center; Shenzhen waste recovery and treatment center;
                  Shenyang waste recovery and treatment center; and Fujian waste recovery
                  and treatment center.
                  Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
                  Information is available from the competent authority of HKSAR.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         China
Assistance and    The available sources are:
                  - Asia-Pacific Regional Center for Hazardous Waste Management Training
Training
                    and Technology Transfer (Beijing);
Available         - Shenyang Institute of Environmental Science;
                  - The National Center for Hazardous Waste Management Training and
                    Technology Transfer (Tsinghua University);
                  - Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science; and
                  - Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science.




                                             95
                                               ANNEX

Announcement 25, 2002, promulgated by Ministry of foreign trade and economic cooperation
(MOFTEC), General Administration of Customs, State Environment Protection Administration on July
3, 2002.

In accordance with the Regulation on the Administration of Import and Export of Goods of the
People‟s Republic of China, the Law of Prevention and control of Solid Waste Pollution to the
Environment of the People‟s Republic of China, and the Circular on Import of the Seventh Category of
Waste, the List of Goods Prohibited to be Imported (fourth and fifth) is hereby promulgated and shall
become effective as of the August 15, 2002.

List of Goods Prohibited to be Imported (fourth)

No.   H.S.             Designation               Description
1     0501.0000        Human hair, unworked, whether or not washed or scoured; waste of human
                       hair
2     0502.1030        Waste of pigs‟, hogs‟ or boars‟ bristles and hair
3     0502.9020        Waste of badger hair and other brush making hair
4     0503.0090.10     Waste of horse‟s manes and hair
5     1703.1000        Sugar cane molasses
6     1703.9000        Other molasses
7     2517.2000        Macadam of slag, dross or similar industrial waste
8     2517.3000        Tarred macadam
9     2620.2900        Other ash and residues containing mainly lead
10    2620.3000        Ash and residues containing mainly copper
11    2620.9910        Ash and residues containing mainly tungsten
12    2620.9990.90     Ash and residues containing mainly other metals and their compound
13    4004.0000.10     Waste tyre and pieces of waste tyre
14    4115.2000.10     Residues, ash, slags, powder and flour pf leather
15    6309.0000        Worn clothing and other worn articles
16    8548.1000        Scrap of cell and waste or spent cell


Category of Goods that are forbidden from being imported (fifth)

Category of waste mechanical and electronic apparatus (including its part and components, scraps,
unless exempted by other laws) that are forbidden from being imported.

No.   H.S.             Designation             Description
1     8415.1010 -      Air conditioning machines
      8415.9090
2     8417.8020        Burn furnaces for radioactive waste
3     8418.1010 -      Refrigerators, freezers and other refrigerating or freezing equipment, electric
      8418.9999        or other
4     8471.1000 -      Automatic data processing machines and units thereof
      8471.5090
5     8471.6010        Displays

                                                   96
6    8471.6031 -   Printer
     8471.6039
7    8471.6040 -   Other input or output unit, and other units of automatic data processing
     8471.9000     machines
8    8516.5000     Microwave ovens
9    8516.6030     Electric rice cooker
10   8517.1100 –   Telephone sets; videophone
     8517.1990
11   8517.2100 -   Facsimile machines and teleprinters
     8517.2200
12   8521.1011 -   Video tape recorder, video tape reproducer and laser video compact disk
     8521.9090     player
13   8525.2022 -   Mobile communication equipment
     8525.2029
14   8525.3010 -   Television cameras, video camera recorder and digital camera
     8525.4050
15   8528.1210 -   Television
     8528.3020
16   8534.0010 -   Printed circuits
     8534.0090
17   8540.1100 -   Thermionic, cold cathode or photo-cathode valves and tubes
     8540.9990
18   8542.1000 -   Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies
     8542.9000
19   9009.1110 -   Photocopying apparatus
     9009.9990
20   9018.1100 -   Instrument and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary
     9018.9090     science
21   9022.1200 -   Apparatus based on the use of X-rays
     9022.9090




                                             97
Announcement 36, 2001, promulgated by Ministry of foreign trade and economic cooperation
(MOFTEC), General Administration of Customs, Sate Environment Protection Administration on
December 23, 2001.

In accordance with the Regulation on the Administration of Import and Export of Goods of the
People‟s Republic of China, the Basel Convention on the Control of Trasnboundary Movement of
hazardous wastes and Their Disposal, the Law of Prevention and control of Solid Waste Pollution to
the Environment of the People‟s Republic of China, and the decision of the State Council on several
Issues concerning Environmental Protection, the List of Goods Prohibited to be Imported (Third) is
hereby promulgated and shall become effective as of the January 1, 2002.

List of Goods Prohibited to be Imported (Third)

No.   H.S.             Designation               Description
1     2620.2100        Sludge containing leaded gasoline (including sludge containing anti-seismic
                       leaded compound)
2     2620.6000        Slag and ash containing arsenic, mercury, thallium and their compound
                       (used for extracting or producing arsenic, mercury, thallium and their
                       compound)
3     2620.9100        Slag and ash containing antimony, beryllium, cadmium, chromium and their
                       compound (used for producing antimony, beryllium, cadmium, chromium
                       and their compound)
4     2621.1000        Ash, slag arising from the incineration of household wastes
5     2710.9100        Waste oils containing PCBs, PBBs (including waste oils containing PCTs)
6     2710.9900        Other, of waste oils
7     3006.8000        Waste pharmaceutical, drugs and medicines (pharmaceuticals, drugs and
                       medicines their effective period expired and not suitable for original use)
8     3825.1000        Household wastes
9     3825.2000        Sludge from sewer
10    3825.3000        Clinic wastes
11    3825.4100        Waste halogenated organic solvents
12    3825.4900        Other, of waste organic solvents
13    3825.5000        Waste acid metal-washing liquid, hydraulic oil and braking oil (including
                       waste frosted liquid)
14    3825.6100        Chemical waste mainly containing organic substance (waste arising from
                       other chemical industries and related industries)
15    3825.6900        Other, chemical waste (waste arising from other chemical industries and
                       related industries)
16    3825.9000        Other, of unlisted chemical by-products and wastes
17    7112.3010        Ashes containing silver or silver compound (used primarily for recovery of
                       silver)
18    7112.3090        Ashes containing other precious metals or their compound (used primarily
                       for recovery of precious metals)




                                                  98
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                      COLOMBIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  31.12.1996 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

Vice-Ministry of Environment of Colombia         Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia
Calle 37 No. 8-40 piso 4, Bogotá                 General Direction of Multilateral Organisms
tel: (57-1) 332-3434 Ext. 120                    Palacio San Carlos Calle 10 No. 5-51, Bogotá
fax: (57-1) 288-9835/9725                        tel: (57-1) 566-2008
e-mail: gvina@minambiente.gov.co                 fax: (57-1) 566-6444
        coorsina@minambiente.gov.co              e-mail: pmambienc@minrelext.gov.co
web site: www.minambiente.gov.co                 web site: www.minrelext.gov.co



National             According to the Resolution 189 of 1994, waste is any residue that has a
Definition           value for its potential reuse, recovery or recycling, and when the residue has
                     no value, it is considered garbage. Residue is any object, material, substance
                     or element, in solid, semi-solid, liquid or gaseous form, that has no value for
                     direct use and has been discarded by its generator.
                     According to the Resolution 189 of 1994, hazardous waste is any waste that
                     may cause damage to human health or to the environment given its
                     infectious, combustible, flammable, explosive, radioactive, volatile,
                     corrosive, reactive or toxic characteristics. Also, the packages, containers
                     that have been in contact with these wastes will be considered as hazardous
                     wastes.
                     The Article 81 of the Colombian Constitution (dated 1991) prevents the
                     import of toxic and nuclear wastes into the national territory.
                     Law 99 of 1993, (article 52, paragraph 8), establishes that the Ministry of
                     Environment will exclusively grant an environmental permit for the
                     production and import of pesticides and the substances, materials or
                     products subject to controls by virtue of international treaties, conventions or
                     protocols.




                                                 99
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                    No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              169
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Colombia.
Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Colombia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Article 81 of the Colombian Constitution (dated 1991), bans the import of
                      toxic and nuclear wastes to the national territory.
                       The Law 430 of 1998 issued by the Congress of the Republic of Colombia,
                       dictates prohibitive environmental rules related to hazardous wastes. As for
                       the import of hazardous wastes, this Law establishes the following:
                      - The entry and illegal traffic of hazardous wastes from other countries that
                        Colombia is not in capacity to manage in an environmentally sound
                        manner and that represent exclusive and unacceptable risks is forbidden;
                      - No natural person or corporate body can introduce or import hazardous
                        wastes without complying with the procedures established by the Basel
                        Convention and its annexes for that purpose; and
                      - The person who pretends to introduce into national territory a load which
                        the presence of hazardous wastes is detected or the person who illegally
                        introduces this load shall return it without delay and under his/her
                        exclusive responsibility, without regard of the penal sanctions applicable.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Colombia has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes. The transit of hazardous wastes is not allowed if the wastes are
                      unloaded in national territory even for a short period of time.


                                                100
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           National Policy of Clean Production, 1997: its main purpose is to prevent
                 and reduce in an efficient way the impacts and risks to human health and to
Elimination of
                 the environment, by guaranteeing the protection of the environment,
Hazardous        economic growth, social welfare and industry competitiveness. It also seeks
Waste            to introduce the environmental perspective into production sectors, as a long
Generation       term challenge. Among the specific objectives of this policy are the
                 “prevention and reduction of the generation of pollutants” and the
                 “minimization and the advantage of residues”.
                 Policy for the Integral Management of the Residues, 1998: this policy aims
                 at preventing or reducing in the most efficient way, the risks posed by solid
                 and hazardous wastes to human health and the environment. It specially
                 seeks to minimize the volume of the wastes that arrive to the points of final
                 disposal and the risks posed by them. This will contribute to the protection of
                 the environment and to economic growth.
                 One of the specific objectives of this policy is the minimization of waste
                 generation, assuming that minimization of the wastes for final disposal will
                 occur only if less wastes are produced at the source of generation. This is the
                 best way to reduce the volume and toxicity of such wastes, as well as its
                 management costs and the environmental impacts that may occur.
                 The main target of this policy is to implement the minimization programs to
                 the generation source, along with clean production programs, where
                 reduction goals will be established for the volume and danger of the wastes
                 generated.
                 As a specific objective related to hazardous wastes, the policy includes the
                 need to “identify and quantify the problem of hazardous wastes in the
                 country, and to create management systems for such wastes, from separation
                 at the source”.
                 In addition to that, the policy sets the goal of developing preliminary
                 inventories for the industrial corridors Cali-Yumbo and Bogota-Soacha.
                 Planned strategies and actions include:
                 - The achievement of inventories of generation and localization of
                    hazardous wastes; and
                 - The definition of management systems of hazardous wastes by industrial
                    corridors.
                 National Workshop For The Implementation Of The Basel Convention
                 The Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of
                 Colombia, with the support of the Secretariat of the Basel Convention,
                 organized a National Workshop for the implementation of the Convention,
                 that took place in Bogotá between the 26 of February and the 2 of march of
                 2001.



                 Representatives from different institutions and from the national private
                                            101
sector participated in the workshop, and delegates from five countries of the
region participated as well: Ecuador, Peru, Panama, Venezuela and Uruguay
(from the Regional Centre for Training and Technology Transfer).
Some of the objectives accomplished during the workshop were: the
publication of the main obligations of the Convention among the assistants,
the exchange of the national and international experiences in relation to its
implementation, the recognition of the limitations and needs in relation to the
implementation of the Convention in Colombia, and the definition of the
joint actions to be carried at a national and sub regional levels.
The following task is to create an Action Plan for the implementation of the
Convention in Colombia, with the identification of priorities by experts of
different national and private institutions, in order to determine the
responsibilities and competitions of the institutions involved in the process,
in the framework of the Basel Convention.

Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Regulations:
- Resolution 2309 of 1986, issued by the Ministry of Health, that
  establishes rules for the storage, treatment and disposal of “special
  wastes”, which are pathological, toxic, flammable, explosive, radioactive
  or volatile;
- Resolution 1096 of 2000, issued by the Ministry of Industry and
  Development, that establishes the technical requirements for the
  management and final disposal of the hazardous wastes, among others;
  and
- Decree No. 2676 of 2000, issued by the Ministry of Environment and the
  Ministry of Health, “regulates the integral management of hospital and
  similar residues”. The Decree includes the principles of biosafety, integral
  management, minimization, the non-garbage culture, prevention and clean
  technologies, as well as the precautionary principle.
Guidelines:
Environmental Guideline for Battery Producers and Recoveries (1998)
The objective of this Guideline, elaborated by the Regional Environmental
Authority of Cundinamarca (CAR), is to promote and facilitate the adoption
of environmental management systems in small and medium sized
industries. It also seeks to supply the small entrepreneurs with the technical
and operative tools to design an Environmental Management Plan oriented
at minimizing the environmental impacts of the wastes generated during their
productive activities and promoting the rational use of natural resources.




                           102
The Guideline contains information on: the sanitary, environmental and
health effects of the activities involved in battery recuperation; the valuation
of impacts; and the conceptual, methodological and procedural parameters
for the elaboration of an Environmental Management Plan.
Manual for PCB Handling for Colombia (1999)
The purpose of the manual is to help the proprietors of PCBs (e.g.,
companies, governmental entities, individuals, etc., that own PCB
equipment, oil contaminated with PCB or any other substance or PCB waste)
and those who may have responsibility in the handling of PCBs in view of
protecting the environment and the human health.

Economic instruments/ initiatives
- Law 141 of 1994: it establishes the National Fund of Royalties financed
  by resources from the exploitation of hydrocarbons, in which part of the
  resources are used for environmental local projects, focused on the
  development integral solid residues and residual waters management;
- Law 142 of 1994, on utilities (water, electricity etc.), establishes a tariff
  based on the weight and volume of the residues generated, which
  therefore constitutes an economic incentive to minimize the generation of
  wastes;
- Law 223 of 1995, exempts the national and imported equipments from the
  payment of the sales tax, when they are intended to be re-used and in
  general for pollution control; and
- Law 511 of 1999, establishes the national day of the recycling people and
  the activity of recycling, and the Decree 2395 of 2000 sets an award for
  the persons who are involved in recycling in the categories of industry,
  investigation, Organizations covering people who are active in recycling,
  and workers in the public cleaning service.

Measures taken by industries/waste generators
Conventions for Cleaner Production: These are voluntary agreements that
support concrete actions for the improvement of public and private
management, and for the prevention and control of pollution. This objective
is to be reached by the adoption of cleaner production and environmentally
safer and healthier processes. It aims at the reduction of pollution levels and
risks to the environment in industrial activities, by the optimization of the
use of natural resources and the improvement of internal and external
industrial competitiveness.
The cleaner production agreements have established inter-institutional
working teams with the participation of the Ministry of the Environment,
other ministries, the regional and local environmental authorities, the private
sector and, in some cases, the civil society. The conventions have created
new spaces for dialogue and coordination amongst the actors involved in the
analysis of environmental issues, that contributes to the establishment of
rules and policies for a more transparent environmental management, and to
the definition and accomplishment of the goals related to environmental
improvement.
In addition to the above mentioned, these conventions anticipate action
                           103
related to environmental rules and accelerate the reduction of the pollutant
emissions, and to the definition of environmental management priorities,
sectorial policies and goals. To the present date, 20 of these national
conventions have been signed, 14 of which are sectorial and 6 are regional.

Others
Regional Project for hazardous wastes management in Valle del Cauca-
Colombia: On the basis of a pilot experience on the industrial corridor of
Valle del Cauca, Colombia is in the process of establishing mechanisms for
planning and environmental management of hazardous wastes at the
national level.
Pilot Project on the Environmentally Sound Management of Spent Lead-acid
Batteries in Central America and the Caribbean
Since may 2001, the Ministry of Environment of Colombia has been
participating in this project with other seven countries, in order to strengthen
the national capacity to manage Lead-acid batteries in an environmentally
sound manner. At the same time, we seek to create a regional strategy for the
management of such wastes. This project will be executed through the
National Centre of Cleaner Production of Colombia, which will carry on
several evaluation diagnostics for the main cities in the country.
The project is now in its initial phase, and it is expected to have the first
results around March 2002, with recommendations oriented to:
        -       the design of national strategies for sound collection and
recycling of spent lead batteries, incorporated into a sub-regional strategy for
ESM of battery scrap;
- the requirements for an enhanced sub-regional co-operation for
   implementing ESM to used lead-acid batteries;
- to develop appropriate policy tools and economic instruments to
   implement the recommended national and sub-regional strategies for
   environmentally sound management, economically viable collection and
   recovery of spent lead-acid batteries;
- creating conditions to facilitate access to best available and affordable
   technologies and, providing an appropriate environment for investment in
   and full use of cleaner technologies;
- creating a package of a constructive and repressive policy, and economic
   measures to address the particular problems of partial lead recovery in the
   informal sector and for “formalizing” some of its activities, in particular
   in the areas of collection and servicing/repair of batteries; and
- providing feedback and recommendations to the drafters of the technical
   guidelines on ESM of lead-battery wastes.




                           104
Transboundary   National strategies/policies
Movement        Pilot projects:
Reduction       Study of the Technical and Economical Viability for the Disposal of
Measures        Hazardous Wastes (pesticide containers) in Colombian Cement Kilns: In
                1999, the Ministry of the Environment, with support from German
                government, undertook a pilot project for the incineration of plastic
                containers (PEAD/PET) for pesticides-fungicides, and plastic covers (PEBD)
                from flower greenhouses, in one of the kilns of the cement industry. This
                pilot project demonstrated that the in site final disposal of hazardous
                pollutant material is feasible using cement kilns.

                Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                Regulations:
                Resolution 970 of 2001, which establishes the requirements, the conditions
                and the maximum limits permitted for emissions during the disposal of
                plastics contaminated with pesticides in a cement kiln during the production
                of clinker in cement plants.

                Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                The National Center for Cleaner Production and Environmental
                Technologies of Colombia, with the support of different environmental
                authorities, the private sector, Centers for Technological Development,
                Public entities and the industry, has implemented the National Stock
                Exchange of Residues and Industrial Sub-products (BORSI).
                The National Stock Exchange of Residues and Industrial Sub-products
                (BORSI) is an information system that allows the exchange of residues and
                industrial sub-products, by commercial transactions between sellers and
                buyers, through the recovery, recycling and reintroduction of such materials
                to the production chain. It works through the web page www.borsi.org,
                which can be visited for further information.


Disposal/       Disposal facilities
Recovery        - Executive Unit for Public Utilities, Cra. 30 No. 24-90 piso 13, tel. (57-1)
                  244-5414, Bogota, has a security cell for Hospital Wastes of Doña Juana
Facilities
                  Landfill (D1); and
                - Cement Plant – Cementos Boyaca, disposal of plastics contaminated with
                  pesticides in clinker ovens (D10).
                The Executive Unit of Public Utilities will carry out a public offer in 2002,
                for the design and construction of a hazardous wastes cell in Bogota.
                Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                MAC S.A.: Battery manufacturing plant for vehicles, including lead
                production recovered from waste batteries, Calle 10 No. 35-265, tel: (57-2)
                664-4660, Cali, Lead melting (lead acids from used batteries) in rotary oven
                that reduces the oxide and obtains 98% pure lead (R4).
                There are a number of initiatives in the country for the recycling,
                                          105
                     regeneration and reuse of hazardous wastes, but the Ministry of Environment
                     currently does not have the exact information (organizations, amounts
                     recovered, etc).


Bilateral,           None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical            Some of the available sources are:
Assistance and       Ministry of Environment of Colombia; National Centre of Cleaner
                     Production and Environmental Technologies; Colombian Security Council;
Training
                     Regional Autonomous Corporations; and National University of Colombia –
Available            Research Programme of solid wastes.
                     A complete list could be obtained from the Competent Authority.



                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                    COSTA RICA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               07.03.1995 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:         Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Minister of Health                               Head of Technical Specialized Unit
Avenida 4-6 calle 16. Barrio Santa Lucia         Avenida 4-6 calle 16. Barrio Santa Lucia
San José                                         San José
tel: (506) 233-0683                              tel: (506) 255-3711 or 257-6343 ext. 135 & 153
fax: (506) 255-2594                              fax: (506) 233-2149/255-3711
e-mail: sinfacor@racsa.co.cr                     e-mail: sinfacor@racsa.co.cr
web site: www.netsalud.sa.cr                              paredesfederico@hotmail.com
                                                          anavarro_arias@hotmail.com




                                               106
National            Waste is “any deficient, non-usable or useless product, that its owner or
Definition          user decided to eliminate or dispose”. (The Basel Convention is a Law in
                    Costa Rica: No 7438, November 18, 1994.)
                   Hazardous waste is “all chemical wastes that could be defined as flammable,
                   poisonous, infectious, explosives, oxidizing, organic peroxides, corrosives in
                   accordance with the UN classification and the Basel Convention and others”.
                   Costa Rica is in a preparatory process to regulate/control wastes defined as,
                   or considered to be hazardous wastes by national legislation in accordance
                   with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel Convention.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in Costa Rica. Some amendments have been considered as part
Movement
                   of the Basel Convention. Congress approval is not required.

                   Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                   Costa Rica has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                   wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                   Restrictions on import for final disposal
                   Costa Rica restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                   disposal. The relevant legislations are the Environmental Organic Law and
                   the General Health Law, modifications and other regulations. The import of
                   hazardous wastes for final disposed is not allowed.

                   Restrictions on import for recovery
                   Costa Rica restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                   recovery. The relevant legislation is the Environmental Organic Law. The
                   import is limited by a regulated list (to be published). The import for
                   recycling is allowed.

                   Restrictions on transit
                   Costa Rica restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                   relevant legislation is the Environmental Organic Law and other
                   governmental regulations.


Reduction          National strategies/policies
and/or             - Policy: Risk to control any factor related with contamination, insecurity
                     and dangers to the environment, the human health and the life of the
Elimination of
                     population;
Hazardous          - Prevention, mitigation and response to the population needs in disaster
Waste                situations;
Generation         - Assure the quality of potable water at national scale; and
                   - Technical and sanitary management of solid, organic, chemical,
                     biological, radioactive and toxic wastes, among others, in the health,
                     industry and commerce facilities, and houses.

                                              107
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  General Health Law of Costa Rica.
                  Strategies:
                  - Strengthening of the sanitary regulation based on main standards and
                     technical recommendations;
                  - Sanitary monitoring on achieving sanitary regulations; and
                  - Development of scientific research towards the protection and the
                     improvement of the human environment.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  None.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  - Application of some environmental principles (sustainable development,
                    precautionary principle, preventive principle); and
                  - Development of some mechanisms to reduce the generation of wastes in
                    the starting point.


Transboundary     The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Movement          other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
                  measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Reduction
                  generation.
Measures


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Municipal governments landfills, for D1 operations.
Facilities        More information could be obtained from the Focal Point.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Information could be obtained from the Focal Point.


Bilateral,        Bilateral agreement with the United States of America (signed until USA
Multilateral or   ratifies the Basel Convention).
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are the Universidad Nacional (UNA), Heredia, through
Assistance and    the Regional Institute for Toxic Substances (IRET) and the Universidad de
                  Costa Rica (UCR) through the Environmental Contamination Research
Training
                  Centre (CICA) in San Pedro.
Available



                                            108
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                       CROATIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                09.05.1994 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Ministry of Environmental Protection     Ministry of Environmental Protection and
and Physical Planning                              Physical Planning
Ulica Republike Austrije 20, 10000 Zagreb        Ulica Grada Vukovara 78, 10 000 Zagreg
tel: (385-1) 378-2445                            tel: (385-1) 610-6576/6392
fax: (385-1) 377-2555                            fax: (385-1) 611-8388/6499
e-mail:kabinet.ministra@zg.tel.hr                e-mail:vladimir.tonkovic@duzo.tel.hr
                                                         renata.sinovcevic@duzo.tel.hr




                                               109
 National             The national definition of waste is in accordance with Article 2 of the Law
 Definition           on Waste, Official Gazette, No. 34/95. Pursuant to this Law, waste means
                      substances and objects that a legal, or a physical person has discarded, or has
                      disposed of, or intends to, or must dispose of them.
                      Official Gazette - International Agreements, No. 3/94 states that hazardous
                      waste is identified by Appendices I, II, and III of the Law on Ratification of
                      Convention on Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste
                      and Its Disposal. It contains the substances exhibiting one of the following
                      characteristics: explosiveness, reactivity, ignitability, corrosiveness,
                      irritability, harmfulness, toxicity, infectivity, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity,
                      teratogenicity, ecotoxicity, and the characteristic of releasing toxic gases by
                      chemical reactions, or biological decomposition. Municipal and industrial
                      waste is classified as hazardous waste if they contain substances exhibiting
                      one of the characteristics listed above.
                      National definition of hazardous wastes is in accordance with the Annexes I
                      and II of the Basel Convention.
                      There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                      national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                      Convention.
                      Non hazardous waste requires special consideration when subjected to
                      transboundary movement.


 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                       Quantities
                                                                                       (in metric
                                                                                       tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                   25 999 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                       No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                  13 951 2)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes         No import
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
2)    Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).




                                                  110
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary In practice the amendment to the Basel Convention (decision III/I) has been
                implemented by order of Article 38/2 of the Law on waste, Official Gazette,
Movement
                    No. 34/95 where by it is prohibited to import hazardous wastes.

                    Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                    Croatia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                    disposal and for recovery by the orders of Articles 42., 43., 44. of the Law on
                    waste, Official Gazette, No. 34/95 as follows:
                    - Article 42: The export of waste that can be treated in the territory of the
                      importing country in an environmentally sound manner is permitted.
                    - Article 43:
                    1. the export of waste shall be permitted under the following conditions:
                       -                   the approval of the importing country has been issued;
                       -                   the exporter's declaration of waste specifying the type,
                          quantity, composition and origin of waste, and reasons for export has
                          been obtained;
                       -                   a contract has been signed between the waste exporter
                          and the waste importer, the transit countries have consented to the
                          movement of waste to the final destination, or a transit country has not
                          responded in writing within 60 days upon the receipt of notification of
                          the intended transboundary movement of waste; and
                       -                   the data containing the waste identification number,
                          the mode of transportation, place of waste entry in case of the waste
                          import, waste arrival time at the frontier crossing have been stated,
                    2. An adequate insurance policy or a bank guarantee to the amount covering
                       the treatment costs of hazardous waste in an environmentally sound
                       manner should be provided for export of hazardous waste under the
                       conditions referred to in the paragraph 1 of this Article.

                    - Article 44:
                      1.                                          The Ministry of Environmental
                         Protection and Physical Planning hereof makes a waste export decision
                         under the Article 43; and
                      2.                                          No appeal shall be permitted
                         against the decision referred to in the paragraph 1 of this Article, but an
                         administrative lawsuit can be instituted.
                    The restriction covers all countries/regions.

                    Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                    Croatia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                    disposal and for recovery.
                    Special conditions for the import of non hazardous waste are prescribed by
                    the orders of Articles 38. and 39. of the Law on waste, Official Gazette, No.
                    34/95 as follows:
                    - Article 38:
                       - The import of waste for disposal is prohibited;
                                               111
                    -  The import of hazardous waste is prohibited; and
                    -  The import of waste that can be treated in an environmentally sound
                      manner, except the waste to be used for energy recovery, is permitted.
                 - Article 39: The import of waste is permitted providing the following
                    conditions are met:
                   -                   a contract has been signed between the exporter and
                      importer of waste;
                   -                   a contract has been signed between the importer of
                      waste and the waste treatment utility;
                   -                   the exporter of waste has submitted a statement
                      concerning the type, quantity, composition of waste, place of its origin,
                      generation technology, and the reasons for its export;
                   -                   the waste treatment utility can prove to dispose of the
                      equipment for environmentally sound waste treatment;
                   -                   a statement has been enclosed specifying the type of
                      waste to be generated by treatment of imported waste, and the manner
                      of its disposal;
                   -                   a statement has been enclosed confirming the im-
                      ported waste shall not be used for energy recovery; and
                   -                   the data concerning the waste identification number,
                      mode of transportation, place of waste entry in case of the waste
                      import, waste arrival time at the frontier crossing have been stated.
                 The restriction covers all countries/regions.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Croatia restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislation is Article 45 of the Law on waste, Official Gazette, No.
                 34/95 as follows:
                 - The transit of waste across the territory of the Republic of Croatia is
                    permitted; and



                 - The transit of waste is approved by the Ministry of Environmental
                   Protection and Physical Planning provided that the conditions for export
                   of waste, save for the subparagraph 4, paragraph 1, Article 1 hereof, is
                   fulfilled.
                 The restriction covers all countries/regions.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The National strategies on waste that is in process of preparation contain the
                 instruments for the reduction/or elimination of the amount of generated
Elimination of
                 hazardous wastes and other wastes.
Hazardous




                                            112
Waste             Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation        Law on Waste, Official Gazette, No. 34/95:
                  - Article 5: Basic goals of the waste management are:
                    - avoiding and minimizing the generation of waste, and minimizing the
                       hazardous nature of waste whose generation cannot be prevented;
                    - prevention of uncontrolled waste management;
                    - recovery of valuable substances for material purposes and energy
                       recovery, and their treatment prior to disposal;
                    - waste disposal onto landfills; and
                    - remediation of waste contaminated areas.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  An eco-labeling procedure has established.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Certain facilities have voluntary established HSE program and ISO 14000
                  System Quality Control.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          The National strategy on hazardous waste which is under preparation
                  contains instruments for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Reduction
                  other wastes subject to the transboundary movement.
Measures
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  The export of waste that can be treated in the territory of the Republic of
                  Croatia in an environmentally sound manner is prohibited in accordance with
                  Article 4/9 of the Law on ratification of Convention on Control of
                  Transboundary Movement of Hazardous waste and Its Disposal, Official
                  Gazette, No. 34/95.


Disposal/         A list could be obtained from the Focal Point. The authorized facilities treat
Recovery          hazardous wastes generated on the territory of the Republic of Croatia.
Facilities


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         A list of the available sources could be obtained from the Focal Point.
Assistance and
Training
Available

                                             113
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                            CUBA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  03.10.1994 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Centro de Inspección y Control Ambiental          Same as the Competent Authority
Calle 28 #502 esq.5ta Ave. Playa, La Habana
tel: (53-7) 202-7573
fax: (53-7) 202-7030 or 24-2676
e-mail: silvia@ama.cu



National             There is no national definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the
Definition           purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Cuba. There are no
                     categories of wastes to be controlled and no categories of wastes requiring
                     special consideration in addition to those listed in Annexes I and II of Basel
                     Convention.



Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 1 023 638 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               No data
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          No data
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
                                                   114
1) Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
  Y45). The increase of hazardous waste generated in 2000 in relation to 1999 (819 050 mt) is due to a
  more precise inventory and rise in the Cuban economy in 2000.


 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                 implemented in Cuba.
 Movement
                       Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                       Cuba has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                       for final disposal and for recovery.

                       Restrictions on import for final disposal
                       Cuba restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                       disposal. The relevant legislation is the Resolution 87/99 from Ministry of
                       Science, Technology and Environment. The restriction covers all hazardous
                       wastes and all countries.

                       Restrictions on import for recovery
                       Cuba has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                       for recovery.

                       Restrictions on transit
                       Cuba restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The relevant
                       legislation is the Resolution 87/99 from Ministry of Science, Technology and
                       Environment. The restriction covers all hazardous wastes and all countries.
                       This restriction establishes the need for a license and financial guarantee to
                       cover the movement.


 Reduction             National strategies/policies
 and/or                Promoting the use of cleaner productions.
 Elimination of
                       Others
 Hazardous             New industries are using technologies which are reducing pollution and
 Waste                 some technological changes in older industries are being made in order to
 Generation            reduce waste generation.


 Disposal/             None.
 Recovery
 Facilities

 Bilateral,            None.
 Multilateral or
 Regional
 Agreements

                                                 115
Technical        The available sources are:
Assistance and   Centro de Inspección y Control Ambiental; Centro de Gestión Ambiental;
                 Consultoría CESIGMA; and Consultoría GEMA.
Training
Available




                                         116
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                           CYPRUS


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                17.09.1992 (r)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                    07.07.2000


            Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Environment Service                              Same as the Competent Authority
        Ministry of Agriculture, Natural
Resources and Environment
1411 Nicosia
tel: (357) 2230-3870 or 2230-3883
fax: (357) 2277-4945
e-mail: rocperiv@cytanet.com.cy



National             Cyprus is preparing a national definition of waste and hazardous waste to be
Definition           used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste. Currently,
                     Cyprus uses the national definition as listed in Annexes I & II of the Basel
                     Convention. The new definition will be based on the European Regulation
                     on Waste Shipment No. EEC/259/93. The new Law on Waste Management
                     that will cover inter alia the management of hazardous wastes will be
                     adopted in 2002.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     All wastes destined for disposal require special consideration when subjected
                     to transboundary movement.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary A Law ratifying the amendment of the Basel Convention has been passed on
                the 14.4.2000 (No. 12(III)/2000).
Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Cyprus restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal and for recovery. Cyprus follows all the provisions of the Basel
                        convention regarding the export of hazardous wastes.


                                                117
                  Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Cyprus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. Even though the relevant draft legislation has been finalized, import
                  of wastes for final disposal is not permitted, as there are no facilities for this
                  purpose. As far as the import of wastes for purposes other than disposal (e.g.
                  recycling, recovery) is concerned, these are examined on a case- by- case
                  basis. Permits are issued only for “green wastes”.

                  Restrictions on import for recovery
                  Cyprus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                  recovery. As far as the import of wastes for purposes other than disposal (e.g.
                  recycling, recovery) is concerned, these are examined on a case- by- case
                  basis. Permits are issued only for “green wastes”.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Cyprus restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. Cyprus
                  follows the provisions of the Basel convention regarding transit issues. In
                  order for a permit to be granted, a copy of the Notification Document
                  appropriately stamped by the Competent Authority of the Import Country is
                  required, as well as detailed information on the date of arrival and departure
                  and the name of the ship.


Reduction           National strategies/policies
and/or              A National Strategy for the Management of Wastes is being finalized,
                    taking into consideration all the necessary measures for the reduction of the
Elimination of
                    generation of wastes, as provided in the relevant E.U legislation.
Hazardous
Waste             A study concerning the establishment of a hazardous wastes management
Generation        site for the hazardous wastes generated in Cyprus commenced and will be
                  finalized by 1 June 2002.

                   Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  The relevant draft legislation has been prepared.

                    Others
                    In 2001, after a contract awarded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural
                    Resources and Environment, approximately 8 tons of laboratory wastes
                    were collected and exported for treatment.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      Not available.
Reduction
Measures



                                              118
Disposal/         There are no disposal facilities.
Recovery          A central treatment plant treats liquid hazardous wastes produced by a
Facilities        number of small industrial units. Further information could be obtained from
                  the Focal Point.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Environment Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and
Assistance and    Environment
Training
Available




                                              119
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                               CZECH REPUBLIC

Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               30.09.1993 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                 28.02.2000


            Competent Authority                                   Focal Point

        Ministry of Environment, Waste            Same as the Competent Authority
Management Department
Vrsovicka 65, CZ-10010 Prague 10
tel: (420-2) 6712-2283
fax: (420-2) 6731-1545
e-mail: Vladimir_Riha@env.cz
web site: www.env.cz




                                                120
National         According to the Act on Waste No. 185/2001 Coll., “waste” means any
Definition       movable thing in the categories set out in Annex 1 to the Act, which a person
                 discards or intends or is required to discard.
                  According to the Act on Waste No. 185/2001 Coll., Decree of the Ministry
                  of the Environment No. 381/2001 Coll., “hazardous waste” means waste
                  featured on the List of hazardous waste and any other waste displaying one
                  or more hazardous characteristics. List of hazardous wastes and the
                  hazardous characteristics corresponds to the respective EU legislation.
                  However, due to structural differences between the list of hazardous wastes
                  and Annex I of the Basel Convention it is not possible to specify in detail
                  which of these wastes are additional to Annex I of the Basel Convention.
                 This definition of hazardous waste is used for the purposes of implementing
                 the Basel Convention amendment (ban on export for recovery to countries to
                 which the OECD Decision does not apply).
                 The control procedures for other transboundary movements of waste are not
                 based on the definition of hazardous waste, but on the system established by
                 the respective EU legislation (Council Regulation 259/93).
                 Transboundary movements of all wastes (both hazardous and non-hazardous)
                 for final disposal are controlled unless they are prohibited.
                 Wastes destined for recovery operations subject to transboundary movements
                 are allocated to one of three lists – Green, Amber and Red List of Wastes.
                 Vast majority of wastes listed in Amber and Red List normally exhibits
                 hazardous characteristics. Wastes listed in Green List normally do not
                 exhibit hazardous characteristics.

                 Transboundary movements of wastes listed in Amber and Red List as well as
                 of wastes, which have not been assigned to any of above-mentioned Lists are
                 controlled unless they are prohibited.
                 Transboundary movements of wastes listed in Green List are not controlled
                 with the exception of three items: GB030 Aluminium skimmings; GC040
                 Motor vehicles wrecks drained of liquids; and GK020 Used pneumatic tyres.
                 For environmental and public health reasons, the exports and imports of
                 these wastes are controlled, although these wastes are normally not
                 hazardous.



Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                            Quantities (in
                                                                            metric
                                                                            tonnes)
    Generation     Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               2 603 337 **
                   Total amount of other wastes generated                   4 258 000 1)

                                           121
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes             5 339 2)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       20 268 3)
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to the total amount of household wastes (Y46).
       2)     Consists of the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45)
exported: 1 716 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b exported: 3 623 mt.
       3)     Consists of the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45)
imported: 1 956 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b imported: 18 312 mt.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Czech Republic.
 Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Czech Republic restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                      final disposal. The relevant legislation is the Act on Waste No. 185/2001
                      Coll., Decree of the Ministry of Environment No. 381/2001 Coll., in force
                      from 1 January 2002. All exports of wastes (both hazardous and non-
                      hazardous) for final disposal are prohibited except those to EU Member
                      countries and EFTA Countries, which are also Parties to the Basel
                      Convention.

                      Restriction on export for recovery
                      Czech Republic restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                      recovery. The relevant legislation is the Act on Waste No. 185/2001 Coll.,
                      Decree of the Ministry of Environment No. 381/2001 Coll., in force from 1
                      January 2002.All exports of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery
                      are prohibited to countries to which the OECD Council Decision
                      C(92)39/FINAL does not apply. The wastes in question corresponds the
                      relevant EU legislation.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal
                      Czech Republic restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                      final disposal. The relevant legislation is the Act on Waste No. 185/2001
                      Coll., in force from 1 January 2002. All imports of waste (both hazardous
                      and non-hazardous) for final disposal are prohibited.




                                                122
                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Czech Republic restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislation is the Act on Waste No. 185/2001 Coll., in
                 force from 1 January 2002. All imports of waste (both hazardous and non-
                 hazardous) for energy recovery are prohibited. All imports of waste for
                 material recovery are prohibited except those from countries to which the
                 OECD Council Decision C(92)39/FINAL applies and countries, which are
                 Parties to the Basel Convention or with which the Czech Republic has
                 concluded agreements or arrangements in accordance with Article 11 of the
                 Basel Convention.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Czech Republic has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and
                 other wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           State Environmental Policy (1999-2005); National Environmental
                 Management Programme; National Eco-labelling Programme; and National
Elimination of
                 Programme of Cleaner Production.
Hazardous
Waste            Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation       Act on Waste No. 185/2001 Coll.; Waste Management Plan of the Czech
                 Republic; and Regional Waste Management Plans (in preparation).

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Following programmes of the State Environmental Fund:
                 - Programme for Promotion of Best Available Techniques (BAT);
                 - Programme for Promotion of Environmental Management;
                 - Programme for Decontamination and Reclamation of Old Landfills;
                 - Programme for Promotion of Recovery and Final Disposal of Waste; and
                 - Programme for Elaboration of Waste Management Conceptions.
                 Programme of the Czech Moravian Guarantee and Development Bank:
                 - Promotion of EMAS in Small and Medium Enterprises.
                 Obligatory fee for landfill of waste, consisting of basic component for
                 depositing of waste and risk component for depositing of hazardous waste.
                 Obligatory financial reserve for reclamation of landfills.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Implementation of cleaner production projects.
                 Implementation of environmental management systems (EMS/EMAS).




                                            123
Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          State Environmental Policy (1999-2005); Waste Management Plan of the
                  Czech Republic (in preparation); and Regional Waste Management Plans (in
Reduction
                  preparation)
Measures
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  Act on Waste No. 185/2001 Coll.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Following programmes of the State Environmental Fund:
                  - Programme for Elaboration of Waste Management Conceptions;
                  - Programme for Promotion of Best Available Techniques (BAT);
                  - Programme for Promotion of Environmental Management; and
                  - Programme for Promotion of Recovery and Final Disposal of Waste.
                  Programme of the Czech Moravian Guarantee and Development Bank:
                  - Promotion of EMAS in Small and Medium Enterprises
                  According to Act on Waste, obligatory financial guarantee covering the costs
                  of re-import and disposal, when a transboundary movement cannot be
                  completed, is required.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Implementation of Cleaner production projects.
                  Implementation of environmental management systems (EMS/EMAS).



Disposal/         Information could be obtained from “Statistical Environmental Yearbook of
Recovery          the Czech Republic”, edited by the Czech Statistical Office, Ministry of
                  Environment and Czech Environmental Institute (published annually).
Facilities
                  For further information: T.G.Masaryk Water Management Research
                  Institute, Centre for Waste Management, Podbabská 10, CZ-16000 Prague 6.




Bilateral,        OECD Council Decision, C(92)39 /FINAL, concerning the control of
Multilateral or   transfrontier movements of hazardous wastes destined for recovery
                  operations.
Regional
Agreements



Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Czech Cleaner Production Centre, Boticska 4, CZ-12800 Prague 2;
Training          - T.G.Masaryk Water Management Research Institute, Centre for Waste
                                               124
Available     Management, Podbabska 10, CZ-16000 Prague;
            - National Institute of Public Health, Srobarova 48, CZ-10042 Prague 10;
              and
            - Czech Environmental Institute, Kodanska 10, CZ-10010 Prague 10.




                                    125
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

             DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               06.10.1994 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:         Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

The Secretary-General for the Environment and    Head, Environmental Monitoring Division
  Nature Conservation                            Direction des Etablissements Humains et
Ministère des Affaires Foncières,                  Protection de l'Environnement (DEH-PE)
  Environnement et Tourisme                      Ministère des Affaires Foncières,
15 Avenue Papa ILEO, Kinshasa Gombe                Environnement et Tourisme
tel: (243) 123-4390/895-2636/995-4226 (cell)     15 Avenue Papa ILEO, Kinshasa Gombe
fax: (243) 884-3675                              tel: (243) 123-4390/9812-9506
e-mail: sg-ecn@ic.cd                             fax: (243) 884-3675
                                                 e-mail: danympolesha@yahoo.fr


National             There is no national definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the
Definition           purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Democratic Republic of
                     Congo.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Democratic Republic of Congo there are no wastes other than those
                     pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that
                     require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary Democratic Republic of Congo is in a preparatory process of implementing
                the amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1). Since 10
Movement
                     September 2001, the Minister with responsibility for the environment has
                     been requesting the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to ratify the amendment to
                     the Basel Convention.




                                                126
                 Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                 Democratic Republic of Congo restricts the export of hazardous wastes and
                 other wastes for final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is
                 the Interministerial executive decision no. 019.CAB/MENIPME/MCE/96 of
                 4 July 1996 regulating the market in scrap metal (document signed jointly by
                 the Ministers with responsibility for foreign trade and the Minister with
                 responsibility for the national economy, industry and small and medium-
                 sized enterprises). The restriction covers ferrous scrap: steel scrap and iron
                 smelting scrap containing over 1.7% carbon; and non-ferrous scrap: scrap
                 metals other than the above, in particular scrap copper, cobalt, zinc, lead and
                 aluminium, and alloys of those metals.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                 Having signed the Bamako Convention and ratification of the amendment to
                 the Basel Convention is pending, Democratic Republic of Congo does not
                 intend to authorize the import of any wastes whatsoever.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Democratic Republic of Congo has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous
                 wastes and other wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Measures have still not been taken in this regard. There are no standards in
                 the area of waste management in general and hazardous wastes in particular.
Elimination of
                 This is an urgent need which must be met. Democratic Republic of Congo
Hazardous        needs the support of the Basel Convention Secretariat to do this. So far a
Waste            national inventory of wastes is not carried out. Democratic Republic of
Generation       Congo welcomes the start-up of the PCB inventory project in the context of
                 the SADC countries. That project will enable Democratic Republic of
                 Congo to produce, and to have at its disposal from now on, data on the PCB
                 situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 A draft framework law on the environment is planned for the near future. It
                 will contain guidelines on the management of hazardous wastes. However,
                 so far Democratic Republic of Congo has no legislation in that regard.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 No study has ever been carried out to determine which measures have been
                 taken in this regard by industry.




                                            127
Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          Measures have still not been taken in this regard. There are no standards in
                  the area of waste management in general and hazardous wastes in particular.
Reduction
                  This is an urgent need which must be met. Democratic Republic of Congo
Measures          needs the support of the Basel Convention Secretariat to do this. So far a
                  national inventory of wastes is not carried out. Democratic Republic of
                  Congo welcomes the start-up of the PCB inventory project in the context of
                  the SADC countries. That project will enable Democratic Republic of
                  Congo to produce, and to have at its disposal from now on, data on the PCB
                  situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          There are no facilities available.
Facilities        Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  No survey has been carried out in this connection so far.



Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                              128
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                       DENMARK


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                              06.02.1994 (AA)
Approval of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                      10.09.1997


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Danish Environmental Protection Agency           Same as the Competent Authority
Strandgade 29, 1401 Copenhagen K
tel: (45-32) 66-0100
fax: (45-32) 66-0479
e-mail: mst@mst.dk
web site: www.mst.dk




National             According to EU directive 75/442/EEC article 1 (a): waste shall mean any
Definition           substance or object in the categories set out in Annex I which the holder
                     discards or intends or is required to discard.
                     According to the Danish Statutory Order of Waste no 619 Hazardous waste
                     shall mean waste featuring on the list of waste in Appendix 2 and marked as
                     hazardous waste and which complies with the criteria mentioned in
                     Appendices 3 and 4, as well as waste which complies with the criteria
                     mentioned in Appendices 3 and 4.
                     In Annex V in Commission Decision of 24 November 1999, Denmark – as
                     the rest of EU- has listed hazardous waste which are subject to decision II/12
                     of the Convention.
                     Waste destined to final disposal require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                129
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                                  Quantities (in
                                                                                                  metric
                                                                                                  tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                               287 491 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                                   3 670 000
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                             218 465 2)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                        105 748 2)
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45): 207 532 mt + total
      amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b: 79 959 mt.
2)    Excludes amount for import and export for RX100 waste not having both Y-code and H-code. Imported amount for
      RX 100 waste not having both Y-code and H code is 322 mt. Exported amount for RX 100 waste not having both
      Y-code and H code is 4628 mt.
      RX100 wastes are those wastes which are falling under Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel Convention and wastes which
      have to be notified due to national legislation. In the absence of both Y-code and H-code for a waste, it is uncertain
      whether it is an Article 1, Para 1(b) wastes of the Basel Convention or a non-hazardous waste.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Denmark.
 Movement
                         Restrictions on export for final disposal
                         Denmark restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                         disposal. The relevant legislation is the Article 14, 1 of Council Regulations
                         no. 259/93: All exports of waste for final disposal shall be prohibited, except
                         those to EFTA countries which are also parties to the Basel Convention. In
                         part 2 of this article some specifications to the disposal in the EFTA
                         countries which has to be fulfilled otherwise the export will be banned. In
                         exceptional cases the export of waste for final disposal according to article
                         4,3(a)(ii) can be accepted.
                         Article 8a part 1 of Statutory Order no. 264 of 3 April 2000 on changes of
                         the Statutory Order of import and export of waste.

                         Restriction on export for recovery
                          Denmark restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                          recovery. The relevant legislation is Council decision 259/93 of 1 February
                          1993. Export of waste for recovery between OECD countries has to be
                          notified except waste on annex II in Council decision 259/93. Export of
                          waste on annex V in Council decision 259/93, for recovery to Basel non-
                          Annex VII countries is banned according to article 16 in Council
                          Regulation 259/93.


                                                          130
                   Restrictions on import for final disposal
                   Denmark restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                   disposal. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation no 259/93 article
                   19 which entered into force 1 February 1993.Article 8a part 1 of Statutory
                   Order no. 264 of 3 April 2000 on changes of the Statutory Order of import
                   and export of waste.

                   Restrictions on import for recovery
                   Denmark restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                   recovery. The relevant legislation is the Article 21 of the EU Waste
                   Shipment Regulation.

                   Restrictions on transit
                   Denmark restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                   relevant legislation is the Council Regulation 259/93 articles 23 and 24. The
                   transit has to be notified.


Reduction          National strategies/policies
and/or             The Government‟s National Waste Plan, Waste 21, sets out the overall
                   strategy for waste management and introduces a series of initiatives for
Elimination of
                   treatment of waste. As a result of Waste 21, Denmark has started the
Hazardous          preparation of a national strategy for waste prevention.
Waste
Generation         The reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste is not only based on a
                   separate strategy but is also based on bans and phasing out of chemicals
                   which is implemented through the national strategy of chemicals.

                   Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                   Environmentally sound management, ISO- and EMAS- systems are
                   widespread in industries.
                   New initiatives are set out in the coming strategy for waste prevention.


Transboundary Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Movement      National legislation is based on Council Regulation 259/93.
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/          A complete list of the facilities could be obtained from:
Recovery           - Waste Base by the European Topic Center on Waste; www.etc-waste.int;
                     and
Facilities
                   The annual Danish Waste Statistics; www.mst/homepage.dk (search for
                   publications).


Bilateral,         OECD Council Decision C(92)39 Final; Decision of the Council concerning
Multilateral or    the control of transfrontier movements of waste destined for recovery
                                              131
Regional         operations.
Agreements


Technical        The available sources are:
Assistance and   - Danish EPA, Strandgade 29, 1401 Copenhagen, Denmark. Help is
                   granted on ad hoc basis; and
Training         - Municipalities. Help is granted on ad hoc basis.
Available




                                       132
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                      DOMINICA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 05.05.1998 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Chief Environmental Health Officer               Same as the Competent Authority
Environmental Health Department
Ministry of Health
Government Headquarters, Roseau
Tel: (767) 448-2401 ext: 3468
Fax: (767) 448-6086
E-mail: environhealth@cwdom.dm

National             “Waste” is defined by the Solid Waste Management Act, 2002.
Definition           “Hazardous waste” is defined by the Solid Waste Management Act, 2002,
                     schedule containing Annex I and III of the Basel Convention.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Dominica there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.


Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
     Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 No data
                        Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
     Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               No export
     Movement           exported
                        Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          No import
                        imported
*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
                                                  133
***  Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                    implemented in Dominica.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal
                  Dominica restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. The relevant legislation is the Solid Waste Management Act, 2002.

                  Restrictions on export for recovery
                  Dominica has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for recovery.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                  Dominica restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Solid Waste
                  Management Act, 2002.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Dominica restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                  relevant legislation is the Solid Waste Management Act, 2002.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            Introduction of organic farming. Restriction on the importation of pesticides
                  and other chemicals through a licensing regime. Substitution of more
Elimination of
                  hazardous chemicals with less hazardous ones.
Hazardous
Waste             Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation        Solid Waste Management Act (2000), Environmental Health Services Act
                  (1998), Litter Act (1990), Pesticides Control Act (1974), Water and
                  Sewerage Act (1989), Marine Pollution Management Act (2002).

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Environmental Levy.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  None.


Transboundary None.
Movement
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          None.
Facilities        All solid waste including hazardous waste is disposed of at landfill without
                                            134
                  gas and leachate treatment facilities. No separation of waste exists.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  None.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         None.
Assistance and    Contact institutions for Dominica reside in the region eg. CEHI and PAHO.
Training
Available




                                             135
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                       ECUADOR


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                23.02.1993 (r)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                  06.03.1998


            Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Subsecretaria de Calidad Ambiental               Same as the Competent Authority
Ministerio del Ambiente
Av. Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas, Edificio MAG,
Piso 7, Quito
tel: (593-2) 252-3269, 256-3429/3492
fax: (593-2) 256-5809/3492
e-mail: eespin@ambiente.gov.ec
        luciav@ambiente.gov.ec
        mma@ambiente.gov.ec
web site: www.ambiente.gov.ec

National             Ecuador is preparing a national definition of waste and hazardous waste to be
Definition           used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste.
                     Ecuador is in a preparatory process to regulate/control additional wastes as
                     hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and
                     would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to
                     Article 1 (1)b.

Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                  Quantities
                                                                                  (in metric
                                                                                  tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               85 859 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                   1 520 0002)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes        No data
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
                                                136
1) Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-
  Y45). The National Inventory on Generation of Hazardous Wastes was updated in 2000.
          2)      Figure refers to the total amount of household wastes (Y46).

 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Ecuador. The Art 90 of Constitution of the Ecuador
 Movement
                      Republic bans the import of hazardous wastes.

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Ecuador has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Ecuador restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are the Executive Decree,
                      Or. No. 970 of July 2, 1992; and Art. 90 of the Constitution of the Republic
                      of Ecuador, 1998. These regulations cover all hazardous wastes.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Ecuador has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes.


 Reduction            National strategies/policies
 and/or               - Action Plan for the implementation of the National Regimen for
                        Hazardous Chemical Products;
 Elimination of
                      - Application of regulations about clinical wastes; and
 Hazardous            - Development of policies for cleaner production.
 Waste
 Generation           Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                      - National Regimen for Hazardous Chemical Products;
                      - Regulation on clinical wastes; and
                      - Regulations about storage, transport and use of hazardous materials.

                      Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                      - Chemical industry is implementing the Responsible Care Program;
                      - Implementation of the Cleaner Production Center in Ecuador; and
                      - Some enterprises have adopted the ISO 14000 standard.


 Disposal/            Disposal facilities
 Recovery             Landfill operated by Guayaquil Municipality, Relleno Sanitario Las Iguanas
                      Guayaquil, deposit into land (D1 operations).
 Facilities
                      Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                      ETAPA (Empresa Telecomunicaciones, agua potable, alcantarillado de la
                      ciudad de Cuenca), Panamericana Norte Km 7 Ucubamba Cuenca,
                      recolection and storage of used oil (R1 operations).


                                                137
Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Technical Secretariat of Dangerous Chemicals Products, Eloy Alfaro and
                    Amazonas Av., Building MAG, Floor 8, Quito, (5932) 563492;
Training
                  - Clean Production Center, Cámara de la Pequeña Industria, Centro de
Available           Exposiciones Quito, Piso 2, Quito;
                  - Centro de Información Toxicológica, Hospital Eugenio Espejo, Quito;
                  - National Polytechnic University, Ladron de Guevara 253, Quito; and
                  - Escuela Politécnica del Litoral, Campus Politécnico, Guayaquil.




                                          138
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                           EGYPT

Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                07.01.1991 (AA)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:             Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency             Same as the Competent Authority
30 Misr Helwan El-Zyrae Rd., Maadi, Cairo
tel: (202) 525-6442/52
fax: (202) 525 6475/90
e-mail: Hzwaste@eeaa.gov.eg
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Dept. of
Environment and Sustainable Development)
Maspiro – Corniche El Nil, Cairo
tel: (202) 574-7877
fax: (202) 574-7939



National              “Wastes” are substances or objects which are disposed of or are intended to
Definition            be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of
                      National Law.
                     “Hazardous wastes” are wastes of activities and processes or its ashes which
                     retain the properties of hazardous substances and have no subsequent
                     original or alternative uses, like clinical waste from medical treatments or the
                     waste resulting from the manufacture of the pharmaceutical products, drugs,
                     organic solvents, printing materials.
                     Egypt is in a preparatory process to regulate/control wastes defined as, or
                     considered to be hazardous wastes by national legislation in accordance with
                     Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel Convention.
                     All wastes require special consideration when subjected to transboundary
                     movement.




                                                 139
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                     Quantities
                                                                                     (in metric
                                                                                     tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                  170 000 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                      No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                3 880 2)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes     No import
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Estimated amounts. Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a
      (Annex I: Y1-Y45): 20 000 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b:
      150 000 mt.
2)    Clarification is pending from Egypt concerning the figure.




 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Egypt. The national legislation prohibits the importation of
 Movement
                        hazardous waste from any country.

                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Export of hazardous waste to any country is not forbidden but restricted in
                        accordance to the Basel Convention regulations.

                        Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                        Egypt restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Egyptian
                        Environmental Law No. 4/1994 and its Executive Regulations. The
                        restriction covers all countries/regions.

                        Restrictions on transit
                        Egypt restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The relevant
                        legislation is the Egyptian Environmental Law No. 4/1994 and its Executive
                        Regulations. The restriction covers all countries/regions. And all hazardous
                        wastes. Restrictions made by Suez Canal Authority and other competent
                        authorities regarding crossing of the national waterways are applicable.




                                                        140
Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            In preparation.
Elimination of
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Hazardous         Egyptian Environmental Law No. 4/1994 and its Executive Regulations.
Waste
Generation        Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  In preparation.
                  Others
                  Source separation.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          In preparation.
Reduction
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures          Executive Regulations for Law No. 4 for the environment.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  In preparation.


Disposal/         - There is a secure landfill under construction for industrial hazardous
Recovery            wastes in Alexandria, for D1 operations;
                  - Sterilization utility for clinical wastes with a landfill site has been
Facilities
                    established and operated in Cairo, secure landfill after sterilization, for D1
                    operations;
                  - Small secure landfill for special waste resulting from a chemical plant in
                    Alexandria (mercury contaminated soil) has been established and fully
                    occupied; secure landfill of mercury contaminated waste, for D1
                    operations;
                  - Preparation phase for some cells in the sanitary landfills in Cairo that are
                    to be utilized for hazardous waste disposal, for D1 operations; and
                  - Health care waste management (HCWM), incineration, for D10
                    operations.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are: Basel Convention Regional Centre for the Arab
Assistance and    States for Training and Technology Transfer, P.O. Box 453, El Orman-Giza,
                  Cairo, tel: (202) 571-9688/567-4836/38, fax: (202) 571-9687; Cairo
Training          University; Environmental Hazardous Mitigation Centre; Ain Shams
Available         University; Institute of Environment and Studies; Customs; and Suez Canal
                  Authority.

                                             141
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                   EL SALVADOR


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 13.12.1991 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

        Ministerio de Medio Ambiente Y            Mision Permanente de El Salvador en Ginebra
Recursos Naturales                                65, Rue de Lausanne, 1202 Geneva
Alameda Roosevelt y 55 Avenida Norte,             tel: (41-22) 732-7036
Edificio (Torre El Salvador), 5o Nivel            fax: (41-22) 738-4744
San Salvador                                      e-mail: mission.el.salvador@ties.itu.int
tel: (503) 260-8900 Ext. 234 or 260-5614                  mision.ginebra@rree.gob.sv
fax: (503) 260-5614
e-mail: convenios@marn.gob.sv
web site: www.marn.gob.sv


National             Under the Environment Act, waste as well as hazardous waste are defined as
Definition           "any material which is of no direct use or is permanently discarded and
                     which, because of its chemical activity or its corrosive, reactive,
                     inflammable, toxic, explosive, spontaneous combustion, oxidizing,
                     infectious, bioaccumulative, ecotoxic or radioactive or other characteristics,
                     cause danger or jeopardize human health or the environment, either per se or
                     in contact with another waste material".
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In El Salvador there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in El Salvador. Article 59 of the Environment Act prohibits the
Movement
                     introduction of hazardous wastes into the national territory, as well as their
                     transit, release or storage.


                                                142
Restrictions on export for final disposal
El Salvador has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
wastes for final disposal.

Restriction on export for recovery
El Salvador restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. The relevant legislations are the Environment Act (13 May 1998)
and the Special Regulation Relating to Hazardous Substances, Residues and
Wastes (9 June 2000). Requirement for an Environmental Permit and
notifications to the importing and transit country, in accordance with the
Basel Convention.

Restrictions on import for final disposal
El Salvador restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
final disposal. The relevant legislations are the Environment Act, article 59,
13 May 1998; the Special Regulation Relating to Hazardous Substances,
Residues and Wastes, 9 June 2000; the Special Regulation Relating to
Integrated Management of Solid Wastes, 9 June 2000; the Special
Regulation Relating to Waste Water, 9 June 2000; and the Central American
Regional Agreement on Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes,
December 1992. The Agreement lays down a ban on imports of any type of
hazardous wastes from outside the Central American region. Within the
country, the Environment Act bans the introduction of hazardous wastes,
including transit, release and storage in its territory.

Restrictions on import for recovery
El Salvador restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. The relevant legislations are the Environment Act, article 59, 13
May 1998; the Special Regulation Relating to Hazardous Substances,
Residues and Wastes, 9 June 2000; the Special Regulation Relating to
Integrated Management of Solid Wastes, 9 June 2000; the Special
Regulation Relating to Waste Water, 9 June 2000; and the Central American
Regional Agreement on Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes,
December 1992. The Environment Act prohibits the introduction, transit,
release and storage of hazardous wastes in the national territory.

Restrictions on transit
El Salvador restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
relevant legislations are the Environment Act, article 59, 13 May 1998; the
Special Regulation Relating to Hazardous Substances, Residues and Wastes,
9 June 2000; the Special Regulation Relating to Integrated Management of
Solid Wastes, 9 June 2000; and the Special Regulation Relating to Waste
Water, 9 June 2000. Article 59 of the Environment Act lays down a ban on
the transit of hazardous wastes through the national territory.




                          143
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Encouragement of cleaner production by means of workshops, seminars,
                 campaigns organized by the National Cleaner Production Centre in
Elimination of
                 Coordination with the Subregional Centre for Central America and Mexico
Hazardous        (Basel Convention)
Waste
Generation       Application of the Environmental Assessment System to new and ongoing
                 activities related to the use, generation, collection, storage, reuse, recycling,
                 marketing, transport, processing or final elimination of hazardous wastes,
                 must obtain an Environmental Permit.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 - Environment Act, article 59, 13 May 1998;
                 - Special Regulation Relating to Hazardous Substances, Residues and
                   Wastes, 9 June 2000;
                 - Special Regulation Relating to Integrated Management of Solid Wastes, 9
                   June 2000; and
                 - Special Regulation Relating to Waste Water, 9 June 2000.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Programme of economic and environmental incentives and disincentives
                 being prepared.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Preparation of environmental diagnoses in order to obtain the environmental
                 permit, search for advisory services through the Subregional Centre for
                 Central America and Mexico (Basel Convention) and the National Cleaner
                 Production Centre.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         Establishment of a system for tracking hazardous substances throughout their
                 life cycle, using a mechanized system for the management of hazardous
Reduction        substances, residues and wastes. Preparation of a pre-inventory of hazardous
Measures         wastes.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 - Environment Act, article 59, 13 May 1998;
                 - Special Regulation Relating to Hazardous Substances, Residues and
                   Wastes, 9 June 2000;
                 - Special Regulation Relating to Integrated Management of Solid Wastes, 9
                   June 2000; and
                 - Special Regulation Relating to Waste Water, 9 June 2000.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Programme of economic and environmental incentives and disincentives is
                 being prepared.




                                             144
                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Preparation of environmental diagnoses in order to obtain the environmental
                  permit, search for advisory services through the Subregional Centre for
                  Central America and Mexico (Basel Convention) and the National Cleaner
                  Production Centre.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          San Salvador Metropolitan Area Landfill, in the “municipio” of Nejapa,
                  compartments for the disposal of domestic solid waste, pre-treatment
Facilities
                  autoclave for infectious biological wastes (D5).
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  - Baterias de El Salvador, recycling of lead acid batteries (R4);
                  - Baterias de El Salvador, use of used oil as fuel (R1); and
                  - Cemento Cessa, use of used oil as fuel (R1).


Bilateral,        A regional agreement (Central American Regional Agreement on the Control
Multilateral or   of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes) is in force since
                  December 1992.
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Alameda Roosevelt
                    y 55 Av. Nte., Edif. Torre El Salvador, San Salvador
Training
                  - Centro Subregional para Centro America y Mexico (Convenio de
Available           Basilea), Alameda Roosevelt y 55 Av. Nte., Edif. El Salvador, 5o Nivel,k
                    San Salvador
                  - Centro Nacional de Produccion Mas Limpia, Asociacion Salvadorena de
                    Industriales, Col. Roma, San Salvador
                  - Comite de Emergencia Nacional
                  - Ministerio de Salud Publica y Asistencia Social




                                             145
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                        ESTONIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                21.07.1992 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                  02.08.2001


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

        Commission on Import, Export and          Same as the Competent Authority
Transit of Controlled Waste
Ministry of the Environment
Toompuiestee 24, 15172 Tallinn
tel: (372) 626-2860/66
fax: (372) 626-2869
e-mail: kaili.kuusk@ekm.envir.ee
        urmas.maivel@ekm.envir.ee



National             Waste shall mean any movable which the holder has discarded or intends or
Definition           is required to discard.
                     Hazardous waste shall mean waste which has at least one hazardous property
                     which may cause harm to health and the environment set out in Subsection
                     25(1) of the Waste Act.
                     Estonia regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                     the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. Estonia has
                     transposed waste classification according to European Union Directive nr
                     2000/532/EC.
                     In Estonia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                146
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                5 965 750 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                    544 194
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              15 850
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes        85 400
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b. By Estonian
      Law there is no data collection according to Y-codes. Data collected according to the European
      Waste Catalog.



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in Estonia.
Movement
                      Restrictions on transit and export and import for final disposal and for
                      recovery
                      Estonia has no restrictions on the transit and export and import of hazardous
                      wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.


Reduction             National strategies/policies
and/or                National Waste Management Plan.
Elimination of
Hazardous
Waste
Generation


Transboundary Measures taken by industries/waste generators
Movement      AS Eesti Energia, as the biggest hazardous waste producer, is researching to
              change wet ash removing to dry.
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/             Disposal facilities
Recovery              AS Modulvest Puskini 20-1, Narva 20307, secure landfilling (D1).
Facilities
                                                147
Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available source is the Estonian Environmental Research Institute
Assistance and    Centre, Marja 4d, 10617, Tallinn
Training
Available




                                         148
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         FINLAND


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  19.11.1991 (A)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                       05.06.1996


            Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

Finnish Environment Institute                     Ministry of the Environment
Environmental Management Division                 Environmental Protection Department
P.O. Box 140                                      P.O. Box 35, FIN-00023
FIN-00251 Helsinki                                GOVERNMENT, Finland
tel: (358-9) 403-000                              tel: (358-9) 16-007
fax: (358-9) 4030-0491                            fax: (358-9) 1603-9716
e-mail: TFS@ymparisto.fi                          e-mail: TAC@ymparisto.fi
web site,: www.vyh.fi                             web site: www.vyh.fi
www.vyh.fi/eng/intcoop/global/waste/tfs.htm



National             According to Section 3 of the Finnish Waste Act (1072/1993) “Waste shall
Definition           mean any substance or object which the holder discards, intends, or is
                     required, to discard.” This definition is identical to the definition of waste in
                     the Council Directive of the European Communities on waste (75/442/EEC,
                     as amended by Council Directive 91/156/EEC).
                     According to the Waste Act (1072/1993) hazardous waste shall mean any
                     waste which may cause particular harm to health or the environment because
                     of its chemical or some other property. The waste definition is further
                     defined in the Waste Decree (1390/1993). According to it, hazardous waste
                     shall mean any waste listed in Annexes 2 and 3 of the Decree if they are
                     referred to as hazardous waste in the list of the most common waste and
                     hazardous wastes (Ministry of the Environment Decree 1129/2001). The
                     Annexes 2-4 of the Waste Decree are in accordance with the Annexes I, II
                     and III of the Council Directive of the European Communities on hazardous
                     waste (91/689/EEC), respectively, and the above-mentioned list of wastes
                     and hazardous wastes is based on the respective EC legislation.
                     The above-mentioned definition for hazardous waste is used for the purposes
                     of implementing the Basel Convention amendment (Decision III/1).
                     However, the necessary control procedures for transboundary movements of
                     waste are not based on the definition of hazardous waste but on a specific
                     waste listing system.
                                              149
                      Wastes that are considered to be hazardous are listed in the Ministry of the
                      Environment Decree on the List of the Most Common Wastes and of
                      Hazardous Wastes (1129/2001). However, due to structural differences
                      between the hazardous waste list and Annex I of the Basel Convention it is
                      not possible to specify in detail which of these wastes are additional to
                      Annex I. These additional wastes may contain, for example, the following
                      constituents which potentially render wastes hazardous: certain metal
                      compounds (like cobalt, nickel, silver, vanadium, tin), certain alkaline or
                      alkaline earth metals (lithium, potassium, calcium, magnesium in
                      uncombined form), aromatic compounds, polycyclic and heterocyclic
                      organic compounds, inorganic sulphides, peroxides, chlorates, perchlorate,
                      creosotes, isocyanates or thiocyanates.
                      The wastes subject to control procedures when moved transboundary are
                      defined by the Council Regulation (EEC) on the supervision and control of
                      shipments of waste within, into and out of the European Community
                      (259/93), and the regulations issued on the basis of the said regulation.
                      According to the said Regulation, all shipments of waste intended for final
                      disposal (D-operations) are subject to control procedures. For wastes that are
                      intended for recycling or recovery (R-operations) within the OECD area all
                      other wastes except those listed in Annex II of Council Regulation 259/93
                      are subject to control when moved transboundary. Annex II of Council
                      Regulation 259/93 is identical to the OECD Green list of wastes. When
                      waste is shipped to non-OECD countries (i.e. countries to which the OECD
                      Council Decision C(92)39 does not apply) there are also some additional
                      control procedures for non-hazardous, Green listed wastes. These control
                      procedures vary depending on the request by the importing country
                      concerned.



Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation           Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               1 203 000
                           Total amount of other wastes generated                   2 600 000
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               57 318 1)
      Movement             exported
                           Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       17 832 2)
                           imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     It consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) exported:
       53 844.700 mt and total amount of other wastes (Annex II: Y46-Y47) exported: 3 473.200 mt.


                                                 150
2)    It consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) imported: 16 925.200 mt and
      total amount of other wastes (Annex II: Y46-Y47) imported: 906.800 mt.

 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Finland. The Decision has been in force since 1 October
 Movement
                        1995.

                        Restrictions on export for final disposal
                        Finland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal. The relevant legislation is Council Regulation (EEC) on the
                        supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the
                        European Community (259/93). The regulation came into force in Finland on
                        1 January 1995. According to the Council Regulation (EEC) 259/93, all
                        exports of waste for final disposal outside the European Community are
                        prohibited except to those EFTA countries that are also parties to the Basel
                        Convention. The export ban for final disposal covers both hazardous and
                        non-hazardous wastes.

                        Restrictions on export for recovery
                         Finland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                         recovery. The relevant legislation is Council Regulation (EEC) on the
                         supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the
                         European Community No. 259/93, as amended by 120/97. It came into
                         force in January 1997. Wastes covered by the export ban are listed in
                         Annex V of the Council Regulation. Basel Annexes VIII and IX were
                         included in Annex V from 10 November 1998 (Council Regulation
                         2408/98). Annex V has been last amended by Commission Regulation
                         2557/2001. The legislation prohibits all exports of waste listed in Annex V
                         of the Council Regulation 259/93 from Finland for recovery to “non-
                         OECD countries” (i.e. countries to which the OECD Council Decision
                         C(92)39 does not apply). Annex V contains wastes listed in Annex VIII of
                         the Basel Convention, wastes included in the OECD Amber and Red waste
                         lists (excluding certain non-hazardous wastes) as well as wastes defined as
                         hazardous in the European Community legislation. The export ban (with
                         slight differences in scope) has been in force in Finland from 1 October
                         1995.

                        Restrictions on import for final disposal
                        Finland restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal. The relevant legislation is the Government Decision on the Part of
                        the National Waste Plan concerning Transfrontier Waste Movements
                        (495/1998). It came into force on 1 August 1998.
                        According to Section 6 of Government Decision 495/1998, imports of all
                        wastes to disposal operations D2, D3, D4, D6, D7 and D11 are totally
                        prohibited. Imports of all wastes to disposal operations D1, D5, D10, D8, D9
                        are prohibited with certain exceptions. These restrictions concern both
                        hazardous and non-hazardous wastes.

                        Restrictions on import for recovery
                                                       151
                 Finland has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other
                 wastes for recovery.


                 Restrictions on transit
                 Finland has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                 wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The National Waste Plan Until 2005, which came into force on 1 August
                 1998, sets targets, among other things, for the reduction of the amounts and
Elimination of
                 harmful properties of waste. The Plan presents the administrative and legal,
Hazardous        economic and informative instruments to be used in implementation. The
Waste            targets are set for and the measures geared to the years 2000 and 2005. The
Generation       plan has been be updated in 2002.
                 Regional waste management plans have been drawn out for 13 regions. The
                 plans specify measures to be taken in the regions in order to carry out and
                 develop the tasks provided for or regulated in or under the Waste Act. They
                 present data on wastes and the current state of waste management, the
                 developing targets set and measures necessary to achieve them. One of the
                 developing targets dealt with in the plans is the minimization of generation
                 of wastes.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 The Waste Act (1072/1993), which entered into force on 1 January 1994,
                 introduces the general obligation to prevent waste generation and to reduce
                 its quantity and harmfulness. In order to implement the general obligation,
                 the Government may issue general regulations concerning the production
                 and marketing of products. Such regulations have so far been issued for
                 example on batteries and accumulators, ozone depleting substances, asbestos
                 and impregnated wood.
                 The Environment Protection Act (86/2000) sets general regulations on the
                 licensing of industrial facilities including waste disposal and recovery plants
                 and major waste-generating industries. The Act aims at the reduction of the
                 burden to the environment caused by various industrial operations as well as
                 at the prevention of waste generation and reduction of their harmful effects.
                 The Act replaced several previous regulations on facility licensing.
                 According to the Act, the environment permit shall contain necessary
                 regulations, among other things, in order to minimize the waste generated
                 and diminish the harmful properties of wastes. The Act came into force on 1
                 March 2000.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 The Waste Tax Act (495/1996) came into force on September 1, 1996. The
                 Act was amended in December 2002. According to the Act, from 1 January
                 2003 a State tax of 23 euros per tonne shall be paid on waste deposited at
                 landfills operated by municipality or a body appointed by the municipality or
                 a landfill which is operated primarily for the purpose of receiving waste by
                                            152
another party. The tax will be raised to 30 euros per tonne from 1 January
2005. Some waste types are exempt from waste tax.


Some subsidies are awarded by the government to projects aiming at
environmental protection. Among waste management projects, in general,
the priority is given to those projects which aim at the prevention of waste
generation and the reduction of hazardousness of wastes.

Measures taken by industries/waste generators
Various industrial establishments and waste generators continuously develop
their process technologies e.g. in order to eliminate generation of hazardous
and other wastes. In recent years a number of industrial establishments have
also created their own environmental management systems on voluntary
basis, for example, in accordance with the European Community Eco-
management and Audit Scheme (EMAS), ISO 14001 or branch-specific
programmes such as ”Responsible Care” by the chemical industry. In
December 2002, there were 41 EMAS-registered sites in Finland, and the
number is continuously growing.

Others
Waste and hazardous waste minimisation are also promoted by:
- education and advisory services: it is a legal obligation for the Finnish
  Environmental administration (especially Finnish Environment Institute
  and regional environment centres) and local authorities to provide
  advisory services on wastes to all interested parties (industry, commerce,
  households etc.). Advisory services include preparation and dissemination
  of information material (brochures, guidebooks, websites etc.),
  information campaigns, on-line advise, and training courses. Advise is
  given on all necessary issues related to wastes and their management but
  the main focus nowadays is on preventive measures. Advisory services
  are also provided by regional waste management organisations, private
  companies, producer corporations and environmental NGOs.
- ecolabelling, such as Nordic Swan Label and European Union Ecolabel,
  research programmes and R & D projects, such as the Environmental
  Cluster Research Programme co-financed by several ministries and
  academies which aim at seeking new ways of saving the environment and
  natural resources and at developing them into environmentally friendly
  products, production technologies and infrastructure, and various R & D
  projects financed by the National Technology Agency TEKES
  (www.tekes.fi).




                          153
Transboundary     Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Movement          Besides the general targets set for waste reduction and management, the
                  National Waste Plan has a separate section on transboundary movements of
Reduction
                  wastes. This section of the plan is binding (Government Decision 495/1998).
Measures          One of the aims of this Decision is to reduce the amount of transboundary
                  movements of wastes. To achieve this goal, it sets regulations on how the
                  principles of self-sufficiency and proximity are implemented in waste
                  management.


Disposal/         There are several facilities licensed to operate on hazardous waste disposal,
Recovery          recovery and recycling. A detailed list of these facilities can be obtained
                  from the Focal Point of the Basel Convention.
Facilities


Bilateral,        Bilateral agreement between Finland and Republic of Kenya, from 7 March
Multilateral or   1997 until further notice. The arrangement concerns import of halogenated
                  organic compounds (belonging to Y-categories Y4, Y10, Y39, Y41, Y43)
Regional          from Kenya to Finland for final disposal. Due to the fact that Kenya became
Agreements        a Party to the Basel Convention in year 2000 the arrangement is not
                  necessary any more.


Technical         Several universities, research institutes and private companies. It is not
Assistance and    possible to give an exhaustive list of them. In the following list there are
                  governmental organizations and companies partly owned by the government,
Training          as an example of the assistance available:
Available
                  - Ministry of the Environment (focal point of the Basel Convention),
                    Contact information: P.O. Box 35, FIN-00023 Government, tel. (358 9)
                    16 007, fax (358 9) 1991 9716, website www.vyh.fi;
                  - Finnish Environment Institute: environmental research and development
                    organization dealing, among other things, with various matters connected
                    with wastes and their management. Finnish Environment Institute is also
                    the competent authority responsible for the control of transboundary
                    movements of wastes. Contact information: Finnish Environment
                    Institute, P.O. Box 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki, tel. (358 9) 403000,
                    www.vyh.fi;
                  - Ekokem Ltd: the major hazardous waste disposal facility in Finland
                    comprising e.g. two high-temperature incineration plants, a physical-
                    chemical plant and a special landfill. Ekokem Ltd possesses a lot of
                    expertise and know-how on hazardous waste management and
                    environmentally sound technologies. Contact information: Ekokem Ltd,
                    P.O.Box 181, FIN-11101 Riihimäki, tel (358 10) 7551 000, fax (358 10)
                    7551 300, web-site www.ekokem.fi; and
                  - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland: Research institute having
                    expertise on various sectors including environmental protection, waste
                    management and non-waste technology. Contact information: VTT, P.O.
                    Box 1000, FIN-02044 VTT, tel. (358 9) 4561, fax (358 9) 4567000, web-
                    site www.vtt.fi
                                            154
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         FRANCE


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                              07.01.1991 (AA)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Competent Authority for Transit:                 Same as the Competent Authority for Transit
Ministère Chargé de l‟Environnement
DPPR / SDPD
20 Avenue de Ségur, 75307 Paris 07 SP
tel: (33-1) 4219-1556
fax: (33-1) 4219-1468
e-mail:
Convention-bale@environnement.gouv.fr
web site: www.environnement.gouv.fr
There are 104 Competent Authorities for
Export and Import. A complete list can be
obtained from the Competent Authority for
Transit or at www.environnement.gouv.fr



National             “Waste” shall mean any substance or object in the categories set out in
Definition           annex I of the Directive CEE 75/442 from 15 July 1975, as modified, which
                     the holder discards or intends or is required to discard.
                     The national definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of
                     transboundary movements is in accordance with EC Regulation 259/93.
                     France regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                     the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These
                     wastes are the ones included in lists amber and red, and unlisted waste of the
                     EC regulation 259/93.
                     In France there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b that require special consideration when subjected to
                     transboundary movement.


                                                155
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                             Quantities (in
                                                                                             metric tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                          9 150 000 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                              47 000 000 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                        189 073 3)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                   769 458 4)
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    ADEME (2000). Excluding production of waste from overseas French territories. Estimated amount. In accordance
      with French national definition of hazardous waste, includes hazardous industrial waste and healthcare risk waste.
2)    ADEME (2000). Amount refers to municipal waste.
3)    Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) exported: 111 732 mt + total
      amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b exported: 70 158 mt + Y46 (Annex II): exported: 7 183 mt.
4)    Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) imported: 180 291 mt + total
      amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b imported: 589 125 mt + Y46 (Annex II) imported: 41 mt.




 Restrictions on        Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary          The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                        implemented in France through the EC regulation 259/93 On October 10th of
 Movement               2002, the Senate approved the Basel Convention Ban Amendment. Before its
                        ratification, it still has to be voted by the National Assembly.

                        Restrictions on export for final disposal
                        France allows the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal to some countries only (EU and EFTA), in accordance with EU
                        Regulation 259/93.

                        Restriction on export for recovery
                        France has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                        for recovery other than the amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision
                        III/1).

                        Restrictions on transit and import for final disposal and for recovery
                        France has no restrictions on the transit and import of hazardous wastes and
                        other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.



 Reduction              National strategies/policies
 and/or                 Policies on PCB/PCT, packaging waste, batteries, vehicles, tires and
                        electronic waste.
 Elimination of

                                                        156
Hazardous          Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste              - Decree n° 2001-63 from January 18th on sale, use and disposal of
                     polychlorinated biphenyls and polychlorinated terphenyls (PCB/PCT);
Generation
                   - Decree No. 98-638 from July 20th 1998 about how to take into account the
                     environment requirements in the design and the manufacturing of
                     packaging; and
                   - Decree No. 99-374 from May 12th 1999 about introducing batteries in the
                     market and their disposal.

                   Economic instruments/ initiatives
                   Taxes (General tax on polluting activities) on the disposal of hazardous
                   wastes and other wastes.

                   Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                   Agreement on the treatment of end-of-life vehicles, from March 10th 1993.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      Every region must have a waste management plan for hazardous wastes; and
              every department must have a waste management plan for household waste.
Reduction
Measures
                   Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                   Environment code (book 5, title 4).


Disposal/          Information can be obtained from: ADEME (Agence de l‟Environnement et
Recovery           de la Maitrise de l‟Energie); 2 square Lafayette, BP 406, 49004, Angers
                   Cedex.
Facilities


Bilateral,         OECD Council Decision C(2001)107/Final, multilateral agreement
Multilateral or    concerning the control of transboundary movements of wastes destined for
                   recovery operations.
Regional
Agreements




                                             157
Technical        The available sources are:
Assistance and   - ADEME (Agence de l‟Environnement et de la Maitrise de l‟Energie), 2
                   Square       Lafayette,    BP     406,   49004     Angers    Cedex,
Training
                   www.ademe.fr/anglais/vadefault.htm;
Available        - INERIS, Parc Technologique Alata, BP 2, 60550 Verneuil-en-
                   Halattewww.ineris.fr/en/;
                 - INSA-POLDEN, BP 2132, 69603 Villeurbanne Cedex www.insa-
                   lyon.fr/Laboratoires/polden.gb.html; and
                 - BRGM,         BP        6009,     45060    Orleans     Cedex     2.
                   www.brgm.fr/ANGLAIS/anglais.htm
                 The most important companies treating waste have research laboratories and
                 also provide assistance in these fields.




                                          158
                                       Basel Convention
                                      Country Fact Sheet

                                      THE GAMBIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                15.12.1997 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                  07.03.2001


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

The Executive Director                                   Senior Programme Officer,
National Environment Agency                      Environmental Quality, National Environment
5 Fitzgerald Street, PMB 48, Banjul              Agency
tel: (220) 22-4178                               5 Fitzgerald Street, PMB 48, Banjul
fax: (220) 22-9701                               tel: (220) 22-4178
e-mail: nea@gamtel.gm                            fax: (220) 22-9701
                                                 e-mail: sbmnjai@excite.com


 National             In The Gambia, the national definition of waste is under preparation. The
 Definition           Environmental Protection, Prevention of Dumping Act of 1988 which makes
                      provisions for the prevention of dumping of industrial wastes, defines wastes
                      as “Any form of industrial waste product or matter, whether known to be
                      hazardous to human health or the natural environment”. However, due to
                      technical reasons related to its implementation this Act will be replaced upon
                      enactment of the Waste Act referred above.
                      The National Environment Management Act (NEMA) 1994 defines wastes
                      as: “Waste includes any matter, whether liquid, solid, gaseous, or
                      radioactive, which is discharged, emitted, or deposited in the environment in
                      such volume, composition or manner likely to adversely affect the
                      environment”.
                      Under the waste act that is being prepared, Hazardous Wastes Regulations
                      are being elaborated. The definition of hazardous waste will be broader than
                      Basel definition and will cover radio-active wastes.
                      The Gambia is in preparatory process to regulate/control additional wastes as
                      hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and
                      would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to
                      Art. (1)b. These wastes are yet to be determined.
                      The Gambia is in preparatory process of identifying wastes other than those
                      pursuant to in Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that
                      require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.


                                                159
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                No data
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                    255 500 1)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               No data
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to the total amount of household wastes (Y46).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) was ratified by the
                Gambia National Assembly in April 1999. Instrument of Ratification was
Movement
                      deposited in July 2000.

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      The Gambia is in a preparatory process to restrict the export of hazardous
                      wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery. The Draft Waste
                      Act is yet to be adopted. Bearing in mind that the Gambia does not have the
                      facilities to treat or dispose off hazardous wastes, the decision regarding the
                      export of hazardous wastes is not to ban, but to avoid to the extent possible.
                      The Draft Waste Act contains provisions for this.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      The Gambia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                      final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are Environmental
                      Protection, Prevention of Dumping Act (1988); Bamako Convention; Basel
                      Ban Amendment; Draft Waste Act (to be adopted). The restriction covers all
                      countries/regions and all wastes for the disposal purposes. But for recovery
                      purposes, countries/regions and wastes to be covered by this restriction are
                      yet to be determined. Consideration will include availability of adequate
                      facilities for recycling and recovery of the Waste Stream under question; and
                      the geographic location of the particular country.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Gambia restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                      relevant legislations are Bamako Convention and Draft Waste Act (to be
                      adopted). Country/region and/or waste to be covered by this restriction are to
                      be determined.
                                                 160
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Gambia Environmental Action Plan (1992); Gambia Waste Management
                 Strategy (1997); and Environmental Quality Monitoring and Enforcement
Elimination of
                 strategy (1997).
Hazardous
Waste            Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation       National Environment Management Act (1994); Environmental Management
                 Discharge Permit Regulations (2001); and Environmental Quality Standards
                 Regulations (1999).

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Monthly Environmental Tax on all salaried workers; Environmental tax on
                 all imported second hand items except used clothing; and National
                 Environment Agency conducts an Annual National Environmental Award
                 Scheme.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 The Gambia Tourism Authority has embarked on a yearly award for the
                 Most Environmentally Friendly hotel. The National Environment Agency
                 has also embarked on a few demonstration projects to promote best practices
                 in industry.

                 Others
                 Sensitization and information campaigns under the Environmental Education
                 and Communication Programme of the N.E.A; and Integration of
                 Environmental Education in the school curricular at all levels.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         National Action Plan for Chemical Management.
Reduction
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures         Draft Hazardous Wastes Regulations under the Draft Waste Management
                 Act.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Use of waste oil in a Clay brick kiln and the Gambia Technical Training
                 Institute Foundry.

                 Others
                 Sensitization of all relevant institutions including, health, customs, navy, port
                 authority, the police on issues related to transboundary movements of
                 hazardous wastes; and enlightening these institutions or their respective rules
                 forwarding relevant documentations related to the Basel Convention.


Disposal/        None.
Recovery
                                             161
Facilities

Bilateral,        Regional agreement: Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into
Multilateral or   Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and management of
                  Hazardous Wastes within Africa. It covers all hazardous wastes including
Regional          radioactive wastes.
Agreements


Technical         National Environment Agency (N.E.A can provide information and or
Assistance and    advice. However it should be noted that expertise is limited both in
                  Government and the Private Sector in the Country).
Training
Available




                                          162
                                            Basel Convention
                                           Country Fact Sheet

                                               GEORGIA

 Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval                                               20.05.1999 (a)
 Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                        Not yet as of 20.11.2002


              Competent Authority                                                Focal Point

                                                                   Deputy Head of Main Department for
                                                           Land Resources Protection, Waste and
                                                           Chemical Substances Management
                                                           Ministry of Environment
                                                           68 a Kostava Street, 380015 Tbilisi
                                                           tel: (995-32) 23-0664 and 33-4082
                                                           fax: (995-32) 33-3952
                                                           e-mail: gmep@caucasus.net

 National                Georgia is preparing a national definition of waste and hazardous waste to be
 Definition              used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste.
                         There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                         national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                         Convention.
                         In Georgia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Article 1 (1)a
                         and/or Article 1 (1)b of Basel Convention that require special consideration
                         when subjected to transboundary movement.

 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                                  Quantities
                                                                                                  (in metric
                                                                                                  tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                               93 000 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                                   584 000
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                             273 409
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                        935 632
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45).

                                                         163
Restrictions on      Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary        The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                     implemented in Georgia.
Movement
                     Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                     Georgia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                     wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                     Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                     Georgia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                     final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Law of
                     Georgia on Transit and Import of Waste into and out of the Territory of
                     Georgia (16th of October 1997).

                     Restrictions on transit
                     Georgia restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                     relevant legislation is the Amendments and Supplements to the Law of
                     Georgia on Transit and Import of Waste into and out of the Territory of
                     Georgia (16th of October 1997).


Reduction and/or     None.
Elimination of
Hazardous Waste
Generation


Transboundary        None.
Movement
Reduction
Measures

Disposal/ Recovery None.
Facilities

Bilateral,           None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements

Technical            None.
Assistance and
Training Available

                                          164
                                         Basel Convention
                                        Country Fact Sheet

                                           GERMANY

Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 21.04.1995 (r)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                     24.05.2002


             Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

There are 40 Competent Authorities with               Umweltbundesamt
different territorial jurisdiction. A complete list   (Federal Environmental Agency)
is available on request from the focal point.         Anlaufstelle Basler Übereinkommen
                                                      Postfach 330022
                                                      D-14191 Berlin
                                                      tel: (49-30) 8903-3296
                                                      fax: (49-30) 8903-3103
                                                      e-mail: focal.point.basel@uba.de
                                                      web site: www.umweltbundesamt.de




National               There is no national definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the
Definition             purpose of transboundary movements of waste.
                       In Germany the provisions of the Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93 of 1
                       February 1993 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within,
                       into and out of the EC (EC Waste Movement Regulation) apply, especially
                       referring to Annexes II, III, IV and V. Annexes III and IV (Amber and Red
                       List) regulate also some wastes not included in Art. 1 (1a) of the Basel
                       Convention. There is also a list which specifies the wastes which are not
                       controlled (Annex II or Green List). All wastes not included in the Annexes
                       are controlled. Pursuant to the same Council Regulation all wastes destined
                       for final disposal are also controlled.




                                                      165
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               No data
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              320 325 1)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       803 707 2)
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)
      It consists of: hazardous wastes exported under Art 1 (1)a: 225 288 mt and Art. 1 (1)b: 52 721
      mt + other wastes: 42 317 mt.
2)
      It consists of: hazardous wastes imported under Art 1 (1)a: 371 445 mt and Art. 1 (1)b: 293 731
      mt + other wastes: 138 531 mt.


 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The export ban has been implemented through Art. 16 EC Waste Movement
                 Regulation. Decision III/1 has been ratified in May 2002.
 Movement

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Germany restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. In Germany the provisions of the EC Waste Movement Regulation
                      apply, especially referring to Art. 16 and 18. Entry into force: May 1994.
                      The export of waste for final disposal into non-EU/non-EFTA countries is
                      prohibited.

                      Restrictions on export for recovery
                      Germany restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                      recovery. In Germany the provisions of the EC Waste Movement Regulation
                      apply, especially referring to Art. 16 and 18. Entry into force: May 1994,
                      amendment January 1998 (Implementation of III/1). The export of hazardous
                      wastes for recovery listed in Annex V of the EC Waste Movement
                      Regulation into all countries which do not apply OECD Council Decision C
                      92/39 is prohibited from January 1998.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal
                      Germany restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. In Germany the provisions of the EC Waste Movement Regulation
                      apply, especially referring to Art. 19. Entry into force: May 1994. The
                      Import of wastes for final disposal from non-Parties of the Basel Convention,
                      except from OECD-countries or countries with which bilateral agreements
                      exist, is prohibited.

                                                166
                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Germany restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. In Germany the provisions of the EC Waste Movement Regulation
                 apply, especially referring to Art. 21. Entry into force: May 1994. The
                 Import of hazardous wastes for recovery from non-Parties of the Basel
                 Convention, except from OECD-countries or countries with which bilateral
                 agreements exist, is prohibited.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Germany has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                 wastes.


Reduction        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
and/or           Recycling Management and Waste Act with supplementary regulations, in
                 particular:
Elimination of
                 - Battery Ordinance (1998; amended in 2001);
Hazardous        - Waste Oil Ordinance (1987; amended in 2002);
Waste            - CFC-Ordinance (1991);
Generation       - Ordinance on the management of waste wood (2003)
                 - PCB-waste Ordinance (2000);
                 - Technical Instruction on the Management of Hazardous Waste (1991);
                    and
                 - Waste Management Plans issued by the Federal States.
                 Federal Immission Control Act with supplementary regulations; in
                 particular:
                 - Ordinance on Waste Incineration Plants (1990).
                 End-of-Life-Vehicle Act (2002).
                 Council Regulation (EEC) No 1836/93 of 29 June 1993 allowing voluntary
                 participation by companies in the industrial sector in a Community eco-
                 management and audit scheme (EMAS)

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Environmental aspects are implemented in many German Industrial
                 Standards (DIN). There is a “Manual on the Consideration of Environmental
                 Aspects in Standardization and Development of New Products” (2001; DIN-
                 Fachbericht 108; EUR 10,-)
                 Several thousand enterprises from different branches of industry and
                 administration participate in the eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS).
                 A complete list is available from the focal point or http://www.diht.de.
                 The German Environmental Label comprises more than 100 different
                 product criteria (e.g. tires, copiers, paper) and several thousand labeled
                 products. For further information see http://www.blauer-engel.de.
                                          167
                Others
                Program of the Federal Government “Research for the environment” from
                1997 with emphasis on environmentally sound products, reduction of
                littering, ecological and social causes of waste generation, waste avoidance,
                precautionary waste management and closed loop recycling management.
                Research projects by the Federal Ministry of Research and Education on
                sustainable business and integrated environmental protection in several
                industrial branches (e.g. plastics and rubber industry, metallurgical
                processes, agriculture, packaging industry, foundries, food processing, textile
                industry, wood processing). For further information http://www.bmbf.de and
                http://www.fona.de.


Transboundary   National strategies/policies
Movement        Implementation of the principle of self-sufficiency when waste is designed
                for final disposal. 9 federal states have implemented an obligation for
Reduction
                delivery of waste for final disposal to public facilities within Germany.
Measures
                Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                Implementation of the principle of self-sufficiency when waste is destined
                for final disposal pursuant to Art. 3 of the German Waste Movement Act,
                entry into force October 1994.


Disposal/       Disposal facilities
Recovery        In Germany about 600 approved facilities for final disposal of hazardous
Facilities      wastes are in operation. Additional information and a complete list are
                available on request from the focal point. Some major specialized facilities
                are listed below:
                - Kali und Salz AG, Untertagedeponie Herfa-Neurode, Postfach 1061, D-
                  36262 Heringen for D12 operations;
                - Bresch Entsorgung GmbH, Leinestraße 18, D-24539 Neumünster for
                  decomposition       of  equipment       containing    chlorofluorocarbons;
                  http://www.bresch.de
                - RWE Umwelt AG, Zweigniederlassung L.U.S., Ackerstraße, D-1968
                   Senftenberg for biological soil treatment; http://www.rweumwelt.com
                - Nammo Buck GmbH; 16278 Pinnow; incineration of explosive
                   substances; http://www.nammo-buck.de
                - Gesellschaft zur Entsorgung von Sondermüll in Bayern mbH (GSB),
                  Winzerstrasse 97 d, D-80797 München for D5, D8, D9 and D10/R1
                  operations http://www.gsb-mbh.de
                Recovery/Recycling/Re-use facilities
                In Germany more than 1000 facilities are in operation. More information is
                available on request from the focal point. Below some specialized major
                                           168
                      facilities:


                      -    Norddeutsche Affinerie AG, Hovestr. 50, D-20539 Hamburg for R4
                           operations; http://www.na-ag.com
                      -    Mineralölraffinerie Dollbergen GmbH, Bahnhofstrasse 82, D-31311
                           Uetze-Dollbergen for R9 operations;
                      -    Contamex Industrieanlagen GmbH, Altenburger Str. 29, D-04617
                           Kriebitzsch for soil recovery (R5), http://www.contamex.de
                      -    Nordische Quecksilberrückgewinnung GmbH, Bei der Gasanstalt 9, D-
                           23560 Lübeck; for recovery of mercury (R4); http://www.rethmann.de
                      -    B.U.S. Zinkrecycling GmbH, Frauensteiner Straße 81, D-09599 Freiberg;
                           recovery of zinc (R4); http://www.berzelius.de


Bilateral,                - Multilateral agreement with OECD countries, effective from 1992,
Multilateral     or         regarding import and export of hazardous waste and other wastes; all
Regional                    wastes for recovery and final disposal;
Agreements                - Bilateral agreement with Kazakhstan, effective from 1994, regarding
                            import to Germany; (all wastes for recovery);
                          - Bilateral agreement with Zimbabwe, effective from 1995, regarding
                            import to Germany; (all wastes for recovery);
                          - Bilateral agreement with Afghanistan, effective from November 2002,
                            regarding import to Germany (all wastes for recovery); and
                          - Bilateral agreement with Kosovo (agreement with the commander of the
                            NATO Kosovo Force (KFOR)), effective from 2000, regarding Import to
                            Germany (wastes generated by KFOR/NATO troops).


Technical             A general overview of sources for technical assistance and training is given
Assistance and        below:
Training              - Notification system: Competent authorities pursuant to Art. 5;
Available             - Identification of illegal traffic: Competent authorities, customs and police;
                      - Environmentally sound technologies: Universities and Chambers of Trade
                        and Commerce: and
                      - Waste management: Universities and Chambers of Trade and Commerce.
                      Further information or a complete list can be obtained from the Focal Point.




                                                 169
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                       HUNGARY


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                              21.05.1990 (AA)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

National Inspectorate for Environment and         Ministry for Environment
Nature Conservation                               H-1384 Budapest, P.O. Box 756
H-1027 Budapest, Feketesas u. 2                   tel: (36-1) 457-3300
tel: (36-1) 346-8301                              e-mail: kelemenjo@mail.ktm.hu
fax: (36-1) 315-0812                              web site: www.ktm.hu
e-mail: szendi@mail5.ktm.hu



National             Waste shall mean any substance or object in the categories set out in Annex
Definition           1 to Act XLIII of 2000 which the holder discards or intends or is required to
                     discard. (See attachment)
                     Hazardous waste shall mean waste displaying one or more of the properties
                     listed in Annex 2 to Act XLIII of 2000 and/or containing such substances or
                     components hazardous to health and/or the environment because of its
                     origin, composition or concentration. (See attachment)
                     National definition of hazardous waste takes into account the definitions of
                     the Hungarian legislation and the international codes e.g. OECD: Green-
                     Amber-Red list, EWC code, IWIC definition, UN class, Basel Convention Y
                     code etc.
                     As the State of Export, Hungary will not allow the generator or exporter to
                     commence the transboundary movement until the exporter and the state of
                     export have received the written consents of the States of Transit and Import.
                     Hungary regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                     the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These
                     wastes are: Contagious wastes of animal origin
                     Hungary is in preparatory process of identifying wastes other than those
                     pursuant to in Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that
                     require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.

                                                170
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                                 Quantities
                                                                                                 (in metric
                                                                                                 tonnes)
      Generation    Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                                   3 392 628 1)
                    Total amount of other wastes generated                                       4 913 937 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                            24 033 3)
      Movement      exported
                    Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                            No import
                    imported

*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***   Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Total amount of hazardous wastes generated according to the Hungarian Legislation (Consist of wastes from BC
       Annex I: 1 675 000 mt + Art. 1(1)b wastes: 1 717 628 mt).
2)     Consists of total amount of municipal solid waste generated (demolition wastes included): 4 800 000 mt (Y46) +
       residues araising from the incineration of household wastes: 113 937 mt (Y47).
3)     It consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) exported: 18 833 mt + total
       amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b exported: 2 293 mt.




 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Hungary is in a preparatory process of implementing the amendment to the
                 Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
 Movement




                                                        171
Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
Hungary restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are: 2000 yearly XLIII
Act on the Waste Management 17. § Put in force 01.01.2001; 102/1996
(VII.12.) Governmental Decree on the Hazardous Waste which was amended
by the 98/2001. (VI.15.) for conditions of hazardous waste activities; and
Governmental Decree No. 102/1996 (VII.12.), entry into force: 1st
September 1996.
The permit from National Inspectorate for Environment and Nature
Conservation (KFf) is necessary for the exportation of hazardous waste from
the territory of the country. The permit application shall be submitted by the
owner of the hazardous waste to KFf through the notification defined in
Annex No.7.
The exportation of hazardous waste may only be authorized if the competent
authorities of the states affected by the transportation gave their prior consent
to the importation and transit transport, and the competent authority of the
importing state consented to the planned treatment and certified that.
The exportation of hazardous waste from a customs free zone to a foreign
country shall, from environmental aspects, fall into the same category as any
other exportation of hazardous waste from the territory of the country.

Restrictions on import for final disposal
The hazardous waste import to Hungary for final disposed is banned.

Restrictions on import for recovery
Hungary restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. The relevant legislations are: 2000 yearly XLIII Act on the Waste
Management 17. § Put in force 01.01.2001; 102/1996 (VII.12.)
Governmental Decree on the Hazardous Waste which was amended by the
98/2001. (VI.15.) for conditions of hazardous waste activities; Governmental
Decree No. 102/1996 (VII.12.), entry into force: 1st September 1996; and
55/1987 (X.30.) Ministerial Council.




                            172
                 Restrictions on transit
                 Hungary restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislation is Governmental Decree No. 102/1996 (VII.12.), entry
                 into force: 1st September 1996.
                 The consent of KFf is necessary for the transportation of hazardous waste
                 across the country. On the basis of the prior notification defined in Annex
                 No. 7, KFf shall, within 30 days reckoned from the receipt of the
                 notification, send its consent and the special conditions of transportation, if
                 any, or the refusal of its consent and the reasons therefor, to the competent
                 authority of the exporting country and to the exporter.
                 No consignment of hazardous waste, in the case of which any of the
                 conditions in the Convention is not satisfied, may be allowed to enter the
                 country if any of the competent authorities of the states affected by the
                 transportation does not consent to the transportation, or the transporter is
                 unable to produce the transport certificate defined in Annex No. 7.
                 Transit consignments of hazardous waste may only be unloaded, reloaded or
                 repackaged in the territory of the country, including customs free zones, with
                 the special licences of KFf, for reasons of preventing accidents or pollution,
                 or for reasons of changing means of transportation.
                 Need to be submitted an application for the National Inspectorate for
                 Environment and Nature Conservation in English language. See above
                 mentioned regulations because its included all of transboundary movement
                 permitting of wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The National Environmental Program contains 19 measures for waste
                 reduction and recycling/reuse measures, including hazardous wastes.
Elimination of
Hazardous
Waste
Generation
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 Unless a legal rule provides otherwise, the producer shall prepare a three-
                 year waste management plan for the prevention of the generation of its
                 hazardous wastes, for the reduction of the hazard level and the quantity of its
                 hazardous wastes, and for the recuperation and disposal thereof.
                 Unless a legal rule provides otherwise, the producer of hazardous waste shall
                 draw up a material balance in respect of each of its activities resulting in
                 hazardous waste.
                 On application, the National Environmental Protection Inspectorate
                 (hereinafter "KFf") may authorize the drawing up of the material balance in a
                 simplified form.




                                            173
                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  The Central Environmental Fund supports the investments which lead to
                  reduce, eliminate, recycling or final disposal of hazardous wastes.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          More strictly control and revision on the transboundary waste applications
                  and closed collaboration with foreign authorities concerning environmentally
Reduction
                  sound disposal of hazardous wastes.
Measures
                  The waste categorization became harmonized with the European Waste
                  Catalogue and required the proper waste producers and applicants to take it
                  into account.

                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  At present, a special decree for regulation of waste export/import/ transit
                  rules for procedure and permitting way is being prepared.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Some of the available facilities are:
                  - Dorog Hulladékégető Kft., Address: H-2511 Dorog Pf.: 31., hazardous
Facilities
                    waste incinerator in rotary kiln (D10);
                  - Hulladékégető Co. Ltd. H-9025 Győr-Bácsa, hazardous waste incinerator
                    (rotary kiln) (D10);
                  - Cement Factory, Address: H-7827 Beremend, tire incineration in clinker
                    kiln (D10);
                  - Cement Factory, Address: H-3508 Hejőcsaba, tire incineration in clinker
                    kiln (D10); and
                  - Henkel Magyarország Kft., Address: H7570 Barcs, bituminous waste and
                    oily rags and plastic waste incineration in Pirotherm CV-1 kiln (D10).
                  More information could be obtained from:
                  - Ministry for Environment (H-1011 Budapest, Fõ u. 44-50. Phone: 36-1-
                    457-3300 Fax: 36-1-478-3550);
                  - Regional Environmental Inspectorates (12 regions competent according to
                    located this facility);
                  - EIM Institute for Environmental Protection (H-1068 Budapest, Sófia u. 9.
                    Phone: 36-1-209-1000 Fax: 36-1-209-1001); and
                  - Association of Environmental Services and Producers (H-1133 Budapest,
                    Hegedûs Gyula u. 68. Phone/Fax: 36-1-350-7271).
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  None.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements
                                            174
Technical        Some of the available sources are:
Assistance and   - KGI - Institute for Environmental Protection, H-1068 Budapest, Szofia
                   str. 9.(Consulting Engineering and Workshops);
Training
                 - Technical University of Budapest, H-1111 Budapest, Mûegyetem
Available          Embankment,3., Environmental protection overcourses (Education and
                   training);
                 - University of Horticulture and Food Industry, Environmental Overcourse
                   Center, H-1118 Budapest, Villányi road 29-35. (Education and training);
                 - Chemical Industry University of Veszprém, Environmental Protection
                   Faculty, H-8200 Veszprém (Education and training); and
                 - University of Miskolc, H-3515 Miskolc, Egyetemváros (Education and
                   training).
                 More information could be obtained from the Focal Point.




                                          175
Annex 1 to Act XLIII of 2000

                                       Categories of waste
 Q1     Production, service or consumption residues not otherwise specified below
 Q2     Off-specification products
 Q3     Products whose date of use has expired
 Q4     Materials spilled, lost or otherwise damaged, including any materials, equipment, etc.,
       contaminated as a result of the accident
 Q5     Materials contaminated or soiled as a result of planned actions (e.g. residues from cleaning
       operations, packing materials, containers, etc.)
 Q6     Unusable parts (e.g. reject batteries, exhausted catalysts, etc.)
 Q7     Substances which no longer perform satisfactorily (e.g. contaminated acids, contaminated
       solvents, exhausted tempering salts, etc.)
 Q8     Residues of industrial processes (e.g. slag, still bottoms, etc.)
 Q9     Residues from pollution abatement processes (e.g. scrubber sludge, dust precipitator dust,
       spent filters, etc.)
 Q10    Machining and finishing residues (e.g. lathe turnings, mill scales, etc.)
 Q11    Residues from raw materials extraction and processing (e.g. metal mining residues, oil field
       slops, etc.)
 Q12    Adulterated materials (e.g. oils contaminated with PCBs, etc.)
 Q13    Any materials, substances or products whose use has been banned by a legal rule
 Q14    Products for which the holder has no further use (e.g. agricultural, household, office,
       commercial and shop discards, etc.)
 Q15    Contaminated materials and substances resulting from remedial action with respect to land
 Q16    Any materials, substances or products which became waste and are not contained in the
       above categories Annex 2 to Act XLIII of 2000




                                                 176
Annex 2 to Act XLIII of 2000

                                   List of hazardous properties

The detailed interpretation of hazardous properties, the test and measurement methods to be applied as
well as the reference values to be used in evaluations are provided for in separate legal rules.

  H1      'Explosive': solid, liquid, plastic or gelatinous substances and preparations which may also
         react exothermically without atmospheric oxygen thereby quickly evolving gases, and
         which, under defined test conditions, detonate, quickly deflagrate, or explode upon pressure
         or heating
  H2      'Oxidizing': substances and preparations which exhibit highly exothermic reactions when in
         contact with other substances, particularly flammable substances
  H3-A    'Flammable':- liquid substances and preparations having a low flash point (including
         extremely flammable substances and preparations)- substances and preparations which may
         catch fire in contact with air at ambient temperature- solid substances and preparations
         which may readily catch fire after brief contact with a source of ignition and which continue
         to burn or to be consumed after removal of the source of ignition- gaseous substances and
         preparations which are flammable in air at normal temperature and pressure- substances and
         preparations which, in contact with water or damp air, evolve flammable gases in dangerous
         quantities
  H3-B    'Less flammable': liquid substances and preparations having a low flash point
  H4      'Irritant': non-corrosive substances and preparations which, through immediate, prolonged
         or repeated contact with the skin or mucous membrane, can cause inflammation
  H5      'Harmful': substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they
         penetrate the skin, may cause death or acute health risks
  H6      'Toxic': substances and preparations (including very toxic substances and preparations)
         which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin even in small amounts may
         cause death or acute health risks
  H7      'Carcinogenic': substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they
         penetrate the skin or mucous membrane, may induce cancer or increase its incidence
  H8      'Corrosive': substances and preparations which may destroy living tissue on contact
  H9      'Infectious': substances containing viable micro-organisms or their toxins which are known
         or reliably believed to cause disease in man or other living organisms
  H10     'Toxic for reproduction and progeny development': substances and preparations which, if
         they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin or mucous membrane, may disturb,
         usually prohibit reproduction or cause morphological or functional defects in the progeny or
         increase their incidence
  H11     'Mutagenic': substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they
         penetrate the skin or mucous membrane, may induce genetic defects or increase their
         incidence
  H12     Substances and preparations which release toxic or very toxic gases in contact with water,
         air or an acid
  H13     Substances and preparations capable by any means, after disposal, of yielding another
         substance, e.g. a leachate, which possesses any of the characteristics listed above
  H14     'Ecotoxic': substances and preparations which present immediate or delayed risks for one or
         more sectors of the environment or change the state, natural ecological balance or
         biodiversity of the environment Annex 3 to Act XLIII of 2000

                                                  177
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                        ICELAND


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 28.06.1995 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Environmental and Food Agency of Iceland          Same as the Competent Authority
Ármúli 1a, P.O. Box 8080
IS-128 Reykjavík
tel: (354) 585-1000
fax: (354) 585-1010
e-mail: stefane@hollver.is
web site: www.hollver.is




National               According to regulation no. 805/1999, on waste, wastes are substances or
Definition             objects, which individuals or legal entities decide to or are required to
                       dispose of in a certain manner, cf. Annex I to regulation no. 184/2002 on a
                       list of hazardous wastes and other wastes.
                     According to regulation no. 806/1999, on hazardous wastes, hazardous
                     wastes are wastes marked with an asterisk * in Annex I of the regulation no.
                     184/2002, on a list of hazardous wastes and other wastes, and also other
                     wastes which exhibit one or more properties listed in the Annex III to
                     regulation No. 184/2002.
                     National legislation, cf. regulation no. 184/2002 , is in accordance with
                     Commission Decisions 2001/118/EC, 2001/119/EC and Council Decision
                     2001/573/EC.
                     In Iceland there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                178
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               12 550 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                   74 000 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              1 307
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
2)    Figure refers to the total amount of household wastes (Y46).



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Iceland is in a preparatory process of implementing the amendment to the
                 Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
 Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Iceland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is Regulation (EEC)
                      259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and
                      out of the EC (and EEA), has been in force since its implementation by
                      regulation No. 377/1994.
                      All exports of waste for disposal are prohibited except to EFTA countries
                      and Member States of the European Community (Regulation no. 377/1994,
                      cf. Article 14 in Regulation 259/93/EEC).
                      Exports for recovery are prohibited except to countries to which the OECD
                      decision applies, countries which are Parties to the Basel Convention and/or
                      countries with which Iceland has concluded bilateral agreements (cf. Article
                      16 in Regulation (EEC) 259/93); and all exports of wastes to ACP States are
                      prohibited. Hazardous wastes are only exported from Iceland to countries to
                      which the OECD decision applies.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Iceland restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is Regulation (EEC)
                      259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and
                      out of the EC (and EEA), has been in force since its implementation by
                      regulation No. 377/1994.
                      Imports of wastes for disposal are prohibited except from EFTA countries
                                               179
                    and Member States of the European Community, countries which are Parties
                    to the Basel Convention or countries which Iceland has concluded bilateral
                    agreements (cf. Article 19 in Regulation (EEC) 259/93).
                    Imports of waste for recovery are prohibited except from countries to which
                    the OECD decision applies, countries which are Parties to the Basel
                    Convention and/or countries which Iceland has concluded bilateral
                    agreements (cf. Article 21 in Regulation (EEC) 259/93).

                    Restrictions on transit
                    Iceland restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                    relevant legislation is Regulation (EEC) 259/93 on the supervision and
                    control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the EC (and EEA), has
                    been in force since its implementation by regulation No. 377/1994.
                    Notification to competent authorities is required (cf. Articles 12, 23 and 24 in
                    Regulation (EEC) 259/93).


Reduction           National strategies/policies
and/or              Production of hazardous wastes and other wastes shall be reduced as much as
                      possible. Reuse and recovery shall be encouraged to reduce the amount of
Elimination of
                      waste for disposal. The use of economic instruments shall be increased for
Hazardous             achieving these goals. Certain activities are required to submit green
Waste                 accounts.
Generation
                    Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                    - Act No. 7/1998, on hygiene and environmental control;
                    - Regulation No. 805/1999, on waste;
                    - Regulation No. 806/1999, on hazardous wastes;
                    - Regulation No. 809/1999, on waste oils;
                    - Regulation No. 609/1996, on packaging and packaging waste; and
                    - Regulation No. 785/1999, on operating licences for activities that can
                      cause pollution, prescribes the use of best available techniques.

                    Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                    Implementation of environmental management systems.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      Wastes for which necessary facilities exist, within the country, for treatment
               in an environmentally sound and efficient manner, shall not be subject to
Reduction      transboundary movement. Certain activities are required to submit green
Measures       accounts.




                                               180
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  - Act No. 7/1998, on hygiene and environmental control;
                  - Regulation No. 805/1999, on waste;
                  - Regulation No. 806/1999, on hazardous wastes;
                  - Regulation No. 809/1999, on waste oils;
                  - Regulation No. 609/1996, on packaging and packaging waste; and
                  - Regulation No. 785/1999, on operating licences for activities that can
                    cause pollution, prescribes the use of best available techniques.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Implementation of environmental management systems.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          - Sementsverksmiðjan hf. v/Mánabraut, IS-300 Akranes, cement factory,
                    for D10 operations; and
Facilities
                  - Efnamóttakan hf, Gufunes, IS-132 Reykjavík, for D14 and D15
                    operations.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  - Sementsverksmiðjan hf. v/Mánabraut, IS-300 Akranes, cement factory,
                    for R1 operations;
                  - Íslakk hf., Smiðjuvegur 11e, IS-200 Kópavogur, distillation, for R2
                    operations;
                  - Efnamóttakan hf, Gufunes, IS-132 Reykjavík, for R13 operations;
                  - Fura ehf., Markhellu 1, IS-220 Hafnarfjörður, for R13 operations;
                  - Hringrás ehf., Klettagörðum 9, IS-104 Reykjavík, for R13 operations; and
                  - Sagaplast ehf, Réttarhvammi 3, IS-603 Akureyri, for R13 operations.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Environmental and Food Agency of Iceland, Ármúli 1a, IS-128
                    Reykjavík; and
Training
                  - Reykjavík Fire Brigade, Skógarhlíð 14, IS-101 Reykjavík.
Available




                                           181
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                       INDONESIA

Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 20.09.1993 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Environmental Impact Management            Directorate of Hazardous Waste and Substance
Agency (BAPEDAL)                                     Management
B – Building, 2nd Floor, D.I. Panjaitan Kav. 24    A – Building, 5th floor, D.I. Panjaitan Kav. 24
Kebon Nanas – East Jakarta (13410)                 Kebon Nanas – East Jakarta (13410)
tel: (62-21) 858-0102/03                           tel: (62-21) 8590-4932
fax: (62-21) 858-0101                              fax: (62-21) 8590-4932

National             Act No. 23/97 regarding Environmental Management and Governmental
Definition           Regulation Number 18/1999 juncto Governmental Regulation Number
                     85/1999 regarding hazardous waste management define waste as the residue
                     of a business and/ or activity.
                     Act No. 23/97 and Governmental Regulation No. 18/1999 juncto
                     Governmental Regulation Number 85/1999 regarding Hazardous Waste
                     Management define hazardous waste as the residue of a business and/or toxic
                     material which due to its nature and/or concentration and/or amount, directly
                     as well indirectly, can pollute and/or damage the environment, and/or
                     endanger the environment, health, the continuation of human life and other
                     living creatures.
                     Indonesia regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                     the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. The
                     Government Regulation No. 85/1999 regarding Hazardous Waste
                     Management lists these wastes:
                     Table 1: List of hazardous waste from non-specific sources;
                     Table 2: List of hazardous waste from specific sources; and
                     Table 3: list of hazardous waste from overdue chemicals that are expired,
                     spilled package residue or off-specific action products.
                     Article 8 of the Governmental Regulation No. 85/1999 regarding Hazardous
                     Waste Management states that waste that is not included in Table 2 but
                     identified as hazardous waste if contained one or more of the following
                     characteristics: explosive, flammable, reactive, toxic, infectious, and/or
                     corrosive, require special consideration when subjected to transboundary
                     movement. These wastes require special consideration when subjected to
                     transboundary movement.
                                                  182
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               1 974
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          61 069
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in Indonesia. However, the import of used lead acid batteries is
Movement
                      allowed up to September 2002.

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Indonesia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. To supervise hazardous waste exports, the Indonesian Government
                      has issued policies as it is written in Article 53 PP 18 Jo. PP 85/1995 and the
                      Basel Convention, which states that waste exports are allowed as long as the
                      shipment of wastes receives a written permission from the competent
                      authority of the destination country and BAPEDAL (competent authority).
                      Other legislations are:
                      - Minister of Industry and Trade, Letter of Decree No.
                        228/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Export Regulations;
                      - Minister of Industry and Trade, Letter of Decree No. 259/KMK.01/1997
                        on Export Custom Procedures;
                      - Law of the Republic of Indonesia (UU.RI.) No. 23/1997 on
                        Environmental Management (Article 43 and 49);
                      - Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 10/1995 on Custom Regulation;
                        and
                      - Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia (PP) No. 18/1999
                        Jo. PP 85/1999 on Hazardous Waste Management (article 64).
                      This restriction covers all countries/regions.




                                                  183
Restriction on export for recovery
Indonesia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. Article 53 in Government Regulation No 18/1999 Jo 85/1999
regarding Hazardous Waste Management states that exports are allowed as
long as the shipment of wastes receive a written permission from the
competent authority of the destination country and BAPEDAL is the
competent authority of the Indonesian Government.

Restrictions on import for final disposal
Indonesia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
disposal. The relevant legislations are:
- Article 21, 43 and 49 of the Act No. 23/1997 regarding Environmental
  Management;
- Decree Letter of Minister of Industry and Trade No.
  229/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Regulations Import;
- Decree Letter of Minister of Industry and Trade No.
  230/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Regulated Import Goods;
- Decree Letter of Minister of Industry and Trade No.
  231/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Waste Importing Procedures;
- Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 10/1995 on Custom Regulation;
  and
- Article 64 and 53 in Government Regulation No. 18/1999 Jo. 85/1999 on
  Hazardous Waste Management.
This restriction covers all countries/regions. Wastes that are prohibited to be
imported according to existing regulations are:
- Wastes listed in Appendix I PP85/1999 on Hazardous Waste
  Management;
- Hazardous Wastes with characteristics specified in Article 7 Sub Article 3
  PP 85/1999 on Hazardous Wastes Management;
- Wastes that have been discovered to have acute and chronic
  characteristics after toxicological test specified by Article Sub Article 4
  PP 85/1999 on Hazardous Wastes Management;
- Wastes listed in Annex I, II, and VIII and exhibiting characteristics listed
  in Annex III of the Basel Convention;
- Wastes in the form of dust and mud/paste/sludge as it is written in Article
  4 Minister of Industry and Trade Letter of Decree No.
  231/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Waste Importing Procedures; and
- Plastic Wastes as specified in the Appendix of Minister of Industry and
  Trade Letter of Decree No. 230/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Regulated Imported
  Goods.
The following are some waste import policies that the Indonesian
Government has implemented:
- Prohibition of all hazardous waste imports, except for used car-battery
  wastes, starting on September 2002;
- Starting on September 1997, prohibition on issuing permits for any types
  of business or activities that uses hazardous wastes imports. Starting on
  January 1998, prohibition of hazardous wastes imports, including used
                           184
  car-batteries, from countries that are registered in the Basel Convention
  Annex VII (OECD, EC, Liechtenstein); and
- Car-batteries imports are allowed only from developing countries that are
  members of the Basel Convention, and other developing countries trough
  bilateral, multilateral and regional agreements.




                         185
Restrictions on import for recovery
Indonesia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. The relevant legislations are:
- Article 21 of the Act No. 23/1997 prohibits importing of toxic and
  hazardous waste;
- Minister of Industry and Trade, Letter of Decree No.
  229/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Import Regulations;
- Minister of Industry and Trade, Letter of Decree No.
  230/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Regulated Import Goods;
- Minister of Industry and Trade, Letter of Decree No.
  233/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Waste Importing Procedures;
- Law of the Republic of Indonesia (UU.RI.) No. 23/1997 on
  Environmental Management (Article 43 and 49);
- Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 10/1995 on Custom Regulation ;
  and
- Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia (PP) No. 18/1999
  Jo. PP 85/1999 on Hazardous Waste Management (article 64).
This restriction covers all countries/regions. Wastes that are prohibited to be
imported according to existing regulations are:
- Wastes listed in Appendix I PP85/1999 on Hazardous Waste
  Management;
- Hazardous Wastes with characteristics specified in Article 7 Sub Article 3
  PP 85/1999 on Hazardous Wastes Management;
- Wastes that have been discovered to have acute and chronic
  characteristics after toxicological test specified by Article Sub Article 4
  PP 85/1999 on Hazardous Wastes Management;
- Wastes listed in Annex I, II, and VIII and exhibiting characteristics listed
  in Annex III of the Basel Convention;
- Wastes in the form of dust and mud/paste/sludge as it is written in Article
  4 Minister of Industry and Trade Letter of Decree No.
  231/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Waste Importing Procedures; and
- Plastic Wastes as specified in the Appendix of Minister of Industry and
  Trade Letter of Decree No. 230/MPP/KP/07/1997 on Regulated Imported
  Goods.
The following are some waste import policies that the Indonesian
Government has implemented:
- Prohibition of all hazardous waste imports, except for used car-battery
  wastes, starting on September 2002;
- Starting on September 1997, prohibition on issuing permits for any types
  of business or activities that uses hazardous wastes imports. Starting on
  January 1998, prohibition of hazardous wastes imports, including used
  car-batteries, from countries that are registered in the Basel Convention
  Annex VII (OECD, EC, Liechtenstein); and
- Car-batteries imports are allowed only from developing countries that are
  members of the Basel Convention, and other developing countries trough
  bilateral, multilateral and regional agreements.

                           186
                 Restrictions on transit
                 Though there are no restrictions on transit, Article 53 paragraph (2) and (3)
                 on the transportation of toxic and hazardous waste trough Indonesia‟s
                 territory, states that the transit must have license from BAPEDAL.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           In ISO 14001 – “Environmental Management System” – specification with
                 guidance is in use. Waste generator will be evaluated by auditor.
Elimination of
Hazardous        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste            Article 19 paragraph (1) of Government Regulation No. 18/1999 Jo 85/1999.
Generation
                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 In the Act of Republic of Indonesia No 23/1997, regarding Environmental
                 Management and Environmental Pollution included both criminal and
                 economical sanctions such as, in article 43 mentioned “any person who in
                 violation of applicable legislation intentionally releases or disposes of
                 substances, energy and/or other components which are toxic or hazardous
                 onto or into land, into the atmosphere or the surface of water, import, export,
                 trades in, transport, stores such material, operates a dangerous installation,
                 whereas knowing or with good reason to suppose that the action concerned
                 can give rise to environmental pollution and/or damage or endanger public
                 health or the life of another person is criminally liable to a maximum of six
                 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of Rp. 300.000.000 (three hundred
                 million rupiahs).

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 With the partnership program in the hazardous waste management (Kendali
                 Program), 141 industries comply with Indonesian Regulation. 15% of these
                 industries treat their own waste by the existing technology and 73% of
                 industries send their wastes to the treatment facility (WMI company).


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         The implementation of notification system for controlling export and import
                 of hazardous waste under the Basel Convention.
Reduction
Measures         Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 The implementation of procedure for export and import of hazardous waste
                 under the National Regulation.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Comply with Indonesian Regulation and Provisions of the Basel Convention
                 for export and import of hazardous wastes.




                                            187
Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          PT. PPLI (Hazardous Waste Treatment Center), Jl. Raya Narogong, Desa
                  Nambo, P.O. Box 18, Cileungsi – Bogor, tel: (62-21) 867-4042, fax: (62-21)
Facilities
                  867-4043; treatment and disposal of hazardous waste: specially engineered
                  landfills (e.g. placement into lined concrete cells which are capped and
                  isolated from one another and the environment); stabilization/solidification;
                  and incineration (D5).
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Some of the available facilities are:
                  - PT. WGI (Wiraswasta Gemilang Indonesia Ltd.), Ds. Gandamekar 24
                    Cibitung Bakagi, used oil re-refining (R9);
                  - PT. IMLI (India Eramulti Logam Industri Ltd.), Jl. Bodro No 7, Surabaya,
                    tel: (62-21) 563-0990, recycling of used lead batteries (R4);
                  - PT. Non Ferindo Utama, Jl. Raya Manis II/I Tangerang, tel: (62-21) 522-
                    0892, recycling of used lead batteries (R4); and
                  - PT. Mulitomas, Jl. Otto Iskandar Dinata 149, Jakarta, tel: (62-21) 893-
                    4987, recycling of used lead batteries (R4).
                  A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Basel Convention Regional Centre in Indonesia, Puspitek Complex-
                    Environmental Management Centre-Pusarpedal, Jl. Raya Serpong
Training
                    Tangerang, Jakarta 13410, Indonesia, tel. : + 62 21 85 90 61 67/75 87 20
Available           34; Fax: + 62 21 85 90 499 23;
                  - Directorate of Hazardous Waste and Substance Management, 5th floor, Jl.
                    Di Panjaitan Kav 24, Jakarta;
                  - Directorate of Customs, Jl. A. Yani, Jakarta; and
                  - Department of Industry and Trade.




                                            188
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                         IRELAND


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  07.02.1994 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

“Competent Authority of Destination” and             Waste Infrastructure and Regulations Section
  “Competent Authority of Transit”:                          Department of the Environment and
Environmental Protection Agency                      Local Government
P.O. Box 3000, Johnstown Castle Estate               Custom House, Dublin 1
Co Wexford                                           tel: (353-1) 888-2466
tel: (353-53) 60-600                                 fax: (353-1) 888-2014
fax: (353-53) 60-699                                 e-mail: des_howitt@environ.irlgov.ie
e-mail: info@epa.ie                                  web site: www.environ.ie
web site: www.epa.ie
The “Competent Authority of Destination” and
“Competent Authority of Transit” in respect of
the import of waste into, or passage of waste in
transit through, the State is the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA).

The “Competent Authority of Dispatch” in
respect of the export of waste from the State, is
the local authority in whose functional area the
waste is held immediately prior to export. A list
of local authorities could be obtained from the
Focal Point.


National             Section 4(1)(a) of the Waste Management Act, 1996 defines waste to mean
Definition           any substance or object belonging to a category of waste specified in the
                     First Schedule (of the Act), or for the time being included in the European
                     Waste Catalogue which the holder discards or intends to or is required to
                     discard, and anything which is discarded or otherwise dealt with as if were
                     waste shall be presumed to be waste until the contrary is proved.
                     Section 4(2)(a) of the Waste Management Act, 1996 defines hazardous waste
                     to mean a waste specified in the European Waste Catalogue/ Hazardous
                     Waste List (EWC/HWL), which has one or more hazardous properties
                     specified in the Second Schedule of the Act.

                                                    189
                     The Minister for the Environment and Local Government may prescribe a
                     waste which is not specified in the HWL if it has one or more hazardous
                     properties specified in the Second Schedule of the Act.
                     In accordance with Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93, as amended, all
                     shipments of waste for disposal are controlled. Waste destined for recycling
                     within the OECD area, which are listed in Annex III (Amber List) or Annex
                     IV (Red List) are subject to control. Waste not listed in Annex II (Green list)
                     III or IV is subject to controls in accordance with the procedure for Annex
                     IV waste.



 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                 Quantities (in
                                                                                 metric
                                                                                 tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                  1 252 595 1)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes            132 089 2)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       1 501 3)
                         imported
*
       Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1) Amount refers to Y46. Data from National Waste Database Reports 1995 and 1998 (household
  waste collected) and Local Authority Survey and Recycling Organisations Survey for 2000
  (household waste collected). The quantity of waste generated under Y47 is nil.
2) Refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) exported.
3) Refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) imported.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Ireland has yet to formally ratify the Amendment to the Basel Convention
                 (Decision III/1). However, as a member of the European Community (EC)
 Movement
                      Ireland is bound by Article 16 of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93 on
                      the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the
                      European Community, as amended by Council Regulation (EC) 120/97,
                      which implements the ban.

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Ireland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. As a member of the European Community (EC) Ireland is bound by
                      Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93, as amended on the supervision and
                      control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the European
                      Community. Article 14 prohibits the export of waste for disposal outside the
                                                190
                   EU except to EFTA (European Free Trade Agreement) States, which are
                   Parties to the Basel Convention.

                   Restrictions on export for recovery
                   Ireland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                   recovery. As a member of the European Community (EC) Ireland is bound
                   by Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93, as amended on the supervision
                   and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the European
                   Community.

                   Restrictions on import for final disposal
                   Ireland restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                   disposal. In accordance with Article 19 of Council Regulation (EEC) No.
                   259/93, as amended, on the supervision and control of shipments of waste
                   within, into and out of the European Community, the importation of wastes
                   for final disposal is only permitted from other EU Member States, EFTA
                   Countries which are Parties to the Basel Convention and countries with
                   which bilateral agreements exist.

                   Restrictions on import for recovery
                   Ireland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                   recovery. In accordance with Article 21 of Council Regulation (EEC) No.
                   259/93, as amended, on the supervision and control of shipments of waste
                   within, into and out of the European Community, the importation of waste
                   for recovery may only be permitted from countries to which OECD Decision
                   C (92)/39 Final applies, other countries which are parties to the Basel
                   Convention and /or which have concluded bilateral agreements with the EC
                   or the individual Member State.

                   Restrictions on transit
                   Ireland restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. Articles 12,
                   23 and 24 of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93, as amended on the
                   supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the
                   European Community.


Reduction and/or   National strategies/policies
Elimination   of   Local Authority Waste Management Plans (since 1998)
Hazardous Waste    Responsible: Local authorities
Generation         Under the Waste Management Act, 1996, all local authorities are required to
                   prepare and implement a Waste Management Plan. These plans include
                   objectives in relation to prevention and minimization of wastes. They also
                   include objectives in relation to the recovery of waste.
                   National Hazardous Waste Management Plan
                   Responsible: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
                   Under the Waste Management Act, 1996, the EPA is required to prepare a
                   Hazardous Waste Management Plan for the country. This plan, which was
                   published on 5 July 2001, has regard to the prevention and minimization of
                   hazardous waste and sets objectives and, where appropriate, targets in
                   relation to the prevention and the minimization of hazardous waste, the
                                             191
minimization of the harmful nature of such waste and the recovery of
hazardous waste.

 “Preventing and Recycling Waste: Delivering Change”
The policy statement on the prevention and recycling of waste, Preventing
and Recycling Waste: Delivering Change, published in March 2002,
addresses in detail the factors and practical considerations that are relevant
to the achievement of Government policy objectives for the prevention of
waste and for the re-use and recycling of the waste that is produced. The
policy statement specifically
- highlights the necessary disciplines that must be imposed within waste
   management systems to secure real progress on waste prevention, re-use
   and recovery;
- outlines a range of measures that will be undertaken in the interests of
   minimising waste generation and ensuring a sustained expansion in re-use
   and recycling performance;
identifies issues and possible actions which require further systematic
consideration.

Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Integrated Pollution Control Licensing (since 1994)
Responsible: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Under the Environmental Protection Agency Act, 1992, the EPA is
responsible for Integrated Pollution Control licensing of scheduled activities.
These include all major manufacturing activities in the country. Each license
contains a specific condition relating to the establishment of an
Environmental Management System (EMS). Through the EMS the license
must assess all operations and review all practicable options for the use of
cleaner technology, cleaner production and the reduction and minimization
of the waste at the facility.
Waste Licensing (since 1997)
Responsible: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Under the Waste Management Act, 1996, the EPA is responsible for
licensing scheduled waste recovery and disposal activities. Each license
requires that the licensee establish an Environmental Management System
(EMS). The EMS provides a mechanism for ongoing improvement in
environmental performance by the licensee. For instance, transfer stations
are required to introduce or extend recycling of wastes handled by the
facility. Landfill site operators are required to provide for recycling of wastes
such as construction and demolition waste, to assess and introduce, if
possible, the utilization of landfill gas, and to introduce methods for the
recovery of sewage sludge.
Packaging Regulations (1997)
Responsible: Local authorities
The Waste Management (Packaging) Regulations, 1997, impose obligations
on persons and businesses which supply packaging (i.e. packaging materials,
packaging or packaged goods) to the Irish market, whether as retailers,
packers, fillers or manufacturers. The Regulations require suppliers to either
participate in an approved packaging waste recovery scheme or to implement
                            192
steps themselves to assist the recovery of packaging waste.

Economic instruments/ initiatives
Cleaner Production Pilot Demonstration Programme (June 1997)
Responsible: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
This programme, administered on behalf of the Department of the
Environment and Local Government by the EPA, was established to promote
a more environmentally friendly approach to production in the
manufacturing and services industries in Ireland.
Cleaner Greener Production Programme
Responsible: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Under the National Development Programme 2000-2006, grant aid is
available to selected businesses which seek to improve their
environmental performance and are willing to publicise their results.
For more info: www.ctc-cork.ie/cgpp
Demonstration Scheme for the Development of Environmentally Superior
Products (1999)
Responsible: Enterprise Ireland
A grant-assisted pilot demonstration scheme which was operated by
Enterprise Ireland and directed towards indigenous small to medium sized
enterprises engaged in manufacturing.
Environmentally Superior Products Initiative
Responsible: Enterprise Ireland
Continuing on from the Demonstration scheme for the development of
Environmentally Superior Products, this initiative is aimed at improving the
environmental and hence business performance of Irish SME manufacturing
industry. It also aims to improve the strategic capability of SME's through
the exploitation of the market for ESP's.
European Union Eco-Labelling Scheme
Responsibility: National Standards Authority of Ireland
Responsible: National Standards Authority of Ireland
The objectives of the scheme are to promote the design, production,
marketing and use of products which have a reduced environmental impact
during their life-cycle; and to provide consumers with better information on
the environmental impact of products and to encourage preferential
consideration of eco-labelled products in purchasing decisions.
Environmental Audit and Waste Minimisation Grants
Responsible: Enterprise Ireland
This grant scheme provides assistance to manufacturing industry to enable
firms to engage consultants to carry out environmental audits of their
activities. The aim of the scheme is to improve the environmental
performance of Irish industry while at the same time maintaining business
competitiveness. The scheme is operated by Enterprise Ireland with the
support of funds made available through the European Union.
Environmental Management System Grant Scheme
Responsible: Enterprise Ireland
                          193
                This grant scheme provides financial assistance to small and medium sized
                indigenous Irish manufacturing industries to enable them to engage
                independent consultants to support and train the company‟s management in
                the installation and running of an Environmental Management System.
                Phased Implementation of an Environmental Management System
                Responsible: IPC/National Standards Authority of Ireland
                This project PI-EMS aims to assist SMEs in incrementally achieving
                certification to ISO14001 through five levels of achievement of
                environmental performance. The project is aimed at those companies who
                may have been reluctant to implement environmental management systems
                for reasons such as lack of resources, lack of expertise, more pressing
                business imperatives, lack of directions and fear of failure.
                Environmental Awareness Programme
                Responsible: Department of the Environment and Local Government
                This programme is aimed at encouraging the identification of environmental
                sustainable behaviour through the undertaking of a campaign of public
                information and awareness of environmental issues.

                Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                Individual measures taken by industries and waste generators in accordance
                with Environmental Management Systems established under IPC and waste
                licenses issued by the EPA.

                Others
                Environmental Research, Technological Development and Innovation
                Programme (2000-2006)
                Responsible: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
                Under the National Development Programme (2000-2006), proposals are
                invited for applied research and for demonstration projects leading to the
                development of new systems, models, instruments and techniques as well as
                contributing data and information to assist policy and decision making. For
                more info: www.ipa.ie/r_d/default.htm


Transboundary   National strategies/policies
Movement        The National Hazardous Waste Management Plan recommends that Ireland
                strive for self- sufficiency in the recovery and disposal of hazardous waste.
Reduction
                As infrastructure for the disposal (in particular) of hazardous waste is
Measures        developed, the quantity of hazardous waste being exported is expected to
                decrease.


Disposal/       Disposal facilities
Recovery        Some of the facilities available are:
                - Dempsey Drums Ltd, Lower Oriel Street, Dublin 1, reconditioning and
Facilities
                  recycling of steel and plastic drums and containers (D15);
                - Pipe and Drains Services, Sheriff Street, Dublin 1, separation of
                  components of oily sludges and ink cartridges (D4, D9, D13, D14, D15);
                - Returnbatt Ltd, Kildare Enterprise Centre, Melitta Road, Kildare,
                                          194
                    separation of components of lead acid batteries, storage of other batteries
                    (D15);
                  - Shannon Environmental Services, Smithstown Industrial Estate, Shannon,
                    Co. Clare, storage and processing of industrial and commercial chemical
                    and other waste, (D8, D9, D13, D14, D15); and
                  - Southern Health Board, Cork University Hospital, Cork, disposal of
                    healthcare risk waste (D9).
                  Waste Licences issued by the Environmental Protection Agency are
                  available on www.epa.ie
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Some of the facilities available are:
                  - Atlas Oil Laboratories Ltd, Clonminam Industrial Estate, Portlaoise, Co.
                    Laois, use of heat for the manufacture of fuel from waste (R9);
                  - Dempsey Drums Ltd, Lower Oriel Street, Dublin 1, reconditioning and
                    recycling of steel and ploastic (R4, R5, R13);
                  - Irish Lamp Recycling, Athy, Co. Kildare, separation of components of
                    fluorescent lamps (R4, R5);
                  - Pipe and Drain Services, Sheriff Street, Dublin 1, separation of
                    components of oily sludges and ink cartridges (R3,R4,R5, R7, R9, R13);
                    and
                  - Returnbatt Ltd, Kildare Enterprise Centre, Melitta Road, Kildare,
                    separation of components of lead acid batteries, storage of other batteries
                    (R4, R13).
                  Waste Licences issued by the Environmental Protection Agency are
                  available on www.epa.ie


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    Environmental Protection Agency, PO Box 3000, Johnstown Castle Estate,
                  Co. Wexford; local authorities; Department of the Environment and Local
Training          Government; Enterprise Ireland, Glasnevin; and Health & Safety Authority.
Available




                                            195
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                          ISRAEL


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                04.12.1994 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Head, Hazardous Substances Division              Same as the Competent Authority
Ministry of the Environment
P.O. Box 33043, Jerusalem 91340
tel: (972-2) 655-3765
fax: (972-2) 655-3763
e-mail: michal@environment.gov.il



National             Materials should be discarded in compliance with the decisions of the
Definition           General Director of the Ministry of the Environment.
                     National definition of hazardous wastes for the purpose of transboundary
                     movements is as defined in the Hazardous Substances Law or by the Basel
                     Convention.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Israel there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                               196
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               279 987 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              9 030 2)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          5 794 3)
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45).
2)     Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I; Y1-
Y45).
3)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes imported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) is not ratified,
                 however, it is being implemented fully.
 Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Israel restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislation is the Hazardous Substances Regulations
                      (Export and Import of Hazardous Waste), 1994, which prohibits the import
                      and export of hazardous waste for disposal. The restriction covers all
                      hazardous wastes.

                      Restriction on export for recovery
                      Israel restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
                      The relevant legislation is the Hazardous Substances Regulations (Export
                      and Import Of Hazardous Waste), 1994. These regulations call for a permit
                      to export waste for recovery. The permit may specify requirements and
                      restrictions. Exports are permitted to OECD/EC countries, which are Parties
                      to the Convention. The restriction covers all hazardous wastes.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal
                      Israel restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislation is the Hazardous Substances Regulations
                      (Export and Import of Hazardous Waste), 1994, which prohibits the import
                      and export of hazardous waste for disposal. The restriction covers all
                      hazardous wastes.



                                                 197
                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Israel restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
                 The relevant legislation is the Hazardous Substances Regulations (Export
                 and Import of Hazardous Waste), 1994. These regulations call for a permit to
                 import waste for recovery. The permit may specify requirements and
                 restrictions. Imports are permitted from developing countries, which are
                 Parties to the Convention. The restriction covers all hazardous wastes. Israel
                 approves the import of hazardous wastes for recycling only from non-OECD
                 countries which are Parties to the Convention.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Israel has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           A policy for waste reduction was adopted. More permits were issued for
                 recycling and reuse of hazardous waste. The Ministry of the Environment
Elimination of
                 encourages reduction, recycling and reuse of hazardous waste.
Hazardous
Waste            Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation       In preparation.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 The Ministry of the Environment funded up to 40% of the cost for industry
                 (facilities) that invested in hazardous waste reduction.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         The policy adopted for hazardous waste reduction is relevant here as well.
                 Some processes were approved by the Ministry for the treatment and/or
Reduction
                 recycling of hazardous wastes.
Measures
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 In preparation.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Fund was given for the pilot development of waste treatment for solid
                 peroxides and oxidants.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 A technology was developed for the recycling of lithium batteries in Israel.


Disposal/        Disposal facilities
Recovery         - Environmental Services Company Ltd., Ramat Hovav P.O.B. 5743, Beer-
                   Sheva 84156; tel.: (972-8) 650-3700; website: www.enviro-services.co.il;
Facilities
                   e-mail: esc@zahav.net.il, treatment of hazardous wastes by best available
                   technology (D1, D4, D5, D9, D14, D15);
                 - Ecosol, Ramat Hovav, incinerator for hazardous wastes (D10, D13, D14,
                   D15); and
                                            198
                  - Lapidot, Helez, deep well injection (used caustic soda from oil refineries)
                    (D3).
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Some of the available facilities are:
                  - Liran, Rishon Letzion, solvent reclamation (R2);
                  - Petrochim, Ashdod, solvent reclamation (R2);
                  - Teva Factories (Pharmaceutics), solvent reclamation (R2);
                  - M.T.A. Recycling Technologies, Jerusalem, solvent reclamation (R2);
                    and
                  - Tabib, Petah Tikva, Ammoniacal copper recycling (R4) and column
                    regeneration.
                  There 23 facilities in the country. A complete list could be obtained from the
                  Competent Authority.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    Hazardous Materials Training Center (MOE); Ministry of Labor (Safety &
                  Hygiene Institution); Hebrew University, Jerusalem; Ben-Gurion University,
Training
                  Beer-Sheva; Technion (Israel Institute of Technology), Haifa
Available         Hazardous Materials Division (MOE); and Hydrological Service (Water
                  Governorship)




                                            199
                                         Basel Convention
                                        Country Fact Sheet

                                                ITALY


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  07.02.1994 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                      Focal Point

Competent Authority for Transit:                   Ministero Degli Affari Esteri
                                                   D.G.A.E. Segreteria Ambiente, Rome
Ministero dell‟Ambiente                            tel: (3906) 3691-2702
Servizio per la gestione dei rifiuti e per le      fax: (3906) 322-2851
bonifiche
Via C. Colombo 44, 00147 Rome
tel: (3906) 5722-5201 and 5722-5216
fax: (3906) 5722-5291
There are 39 Competent Authorities for Export
and Import. A complete list can be obtained
from the Competent Authority for Transit or
from the Focal Point.



National               The national definition of waste is in accordance with the Legislative Decree
Definition             No. 22/97 and Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93 adopted from Council
                       Directive 75/442/EEC on Waste.
                       The general definition of hazardous waste is set by the DLGS No. 22/97
                       adopting the Council Directive 91/689/EEC. For the purpose of
                       transboundary movements, the lists of Council Regulation 259/93 are
                       adopted.
                       Italy regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not included
                       in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for the
                       purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These wastes
                       include all the wastes that are listed in the EEC/259/93 Annexes III and IV.
                       In Italy there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                       Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                       subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                 200
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                               Quantities
                                                                                               (in metric
                                                                                               tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                            No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                                No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                          234 182 1)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                     1 003 895 2)
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) exported: 117 266 mt + total
      amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b exported: 84 073 mt + total amount of other wastes under (Annex II:
      Y46-Y47) exported: 32 843 mt.
1)    Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) imported: 16 337 mt + total
      amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b imported: 987 558 mt

 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Italy.
 Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal
                        Italy restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No.
                        259/93. All exports of waste for disposal are banned outside the EFTA
                        countries.

                        Restriction on export for recovery
                        Italy restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
                        The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EC) No. 120/97. The
                        restriction covers all the wastes that are listed in the EEC/259/93, Annex V,
                        outside the OECD countries.

                        Restrictions on import for final disposal
                        Italy restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal. The restriction covers hazardous wastes as per Council Regulation
                        (EEC) 259/93 from non-EFTA countries, from countries that did not ratify
                        the Basel Convention or that do not have bilateral agreements with Italy or
                        EU.

                        Restrictions on import for recovery
                        Italy restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
                        The restriction covers hazardous wastes as per EEC/259/93 from non-OECD
                        countries, from countries that did not ratify the Basel Convention or that do
                        not have bilateral agreement with Italy or EU.


                                                       201
                  Restrictions on transit
                  Italy has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          None.
Facilities        Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Ditta Chimet S.p.A, Via dei Laghi 31/33 Badia al Pino, Civitella in Val di
                  Chiana (AR), for R4, R8 and R13.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                             202
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                             JAPAN


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 17.09.1993 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Director, Office of Waste Disposal       Director, Global Environment Division
Management, Ministry of the Environment          Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku                   2-11-1 Shibakouen, Minato-ku
Tokyo 100-8975                                   Tokyo 105-8519
tel: (81-3) 5501-3157                            tel: (81-3) 6402-2540
fax: (81-3) 3593-8264                            fax: (81-3) 6402-2538
e-mail: env-basel@env.go.jp                      e-mail: hiroki.iwasaki@mofa.go.jp
web site: www.env.go.jp/en/                      web site: www.mofa.go.jp/


National             There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of
Definition           transboundary movements of waste in Japan.
                     Japan has a national definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of
                     transboundary movement of waste. The hazardous wastes are:
                     A. The following materials which are exported or imported for the disposal
                     operations listed in Annex IV of the Basel Convention.
                     1. Materials listed in Annex I of the Convention and having one or more
                        hazardous characteristics listed in Annex III of the Convention;
                     2. Materials listed in Annex II of the Convention;
                     3. Materials to be notified to the Secretariat of the Convention by the
                        Government of Japan through the designation by the Cabinet Order in
                        accordance with Section 1 or 2 of Article 3 of the Convention; and
                     4. Materials informed by the Secretariat of the Convention in accordance
                        with Section 3 of Article 3 of the Convention.
                     B. Materials, exportation, importation, transportation (including storage) and
                     disposal of which must be regulated based on bilateral, multilateral or
                     regional agreements or arrangements defined in Article 11 of the
                     Convention.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                                               203
                      A person intended to import waste (excluding navigational wastes and
                      carried-in wastes) shall procure the permission of the Minister of the
                      Environment. Any person intending to export domestic or industrial wastes
                      (excluding valuable material) must obtain the confirmation of the Minister of
                      the Environment that the export of domestic wastes comes under the
                      respective items in the following:
                      - The wastes to be exported are deemed difficult to be treated of properly in
                         Japan in the light of the available treatment and technique; and
                      - The wastes to be exported will be recycled in the country to which they
                         are exported.


Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               No data
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              1 539 1)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes        3 924
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Clarification is pending from Japan concerning the figure.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Japan.
Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Japan restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislations are the Waste Management and Public
                      Cleansing Law (Waste Management Law) (since 1970); and the Law for the
                      Control of Export, Import and Others of Specified Hazardous Wastes and
                      Other Wastes (Basel Law) (since 1993). The restriction covers all countries
                      and areas.
                      Basel Law: Ministry of the Environment (MOE) shall examine whether
                      sufficient measures will be taken for preventing environmental pollution, and
                      thereafter notify the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of
                      the result of its examination. METI is not able to issue export permission
                      without the notification by MOE certifying that necessary measures will be
                      taken for preventing environmental pollution.
                      Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law: Without the permission of
                                                204
                 the Minister of the Environment, any person cannot export wastes for final
                 disposal.
                 Restriction on export for recovery
                 Japan restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
                 The relevant legislation is Basel Law. The restriction covers all countries and
                 areas other than OECD member countries.
                 Ministry of the Environment (MOE) shall examine whether sufficient
                 measures will be taken for preventing environmental pollution, and thereafter
                 notify the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of the result of
                 its examination. METI is not able to issue export permission without the
                 notification by MOE certifying that necessary measures will be taken for
                 preventing environmental pollution.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                 Japan restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                 disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are the Waste
                 Management and Public Cleansing Law and Basel Law. The restriction
                 covers all countries and areas.
                 Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law: Without the permission of
                 the Minister of the Environment, no person can import wastes for final
                 disposal.

                 Basel law: MOE shall examine whether sufficient measures will be taken for
                 preventing environmental pollution, and thereafter notify the METI of the
                 result of its examination. METI is not able to issue import permission
                 without the notification by MOE certifying that necessary measures will be
                 taken for preventing environmental pollution.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Japan has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Government of Japan established the Basic Environment Plan in 1994, and it
                 was amended in 2000. At the same time, The Basic Law for Establishing the
Elimination of
                 Recycling-based Society was enacted. This Basic Law aims to promote
Hazardous        waste measures and recycling measures comprehensively and systematically
Waste            as follows:
Generation
                 (1) The first effort is to reduce production of wastes as much as possible.
                 (2) The second effort is to re-use, as many times as possible, things that are
                     no longer needed.
                 (3) The third effort is to recycle, as resources, things that cannot be used
                     repeatedly.
                 (4) The fourth effort is to burn things that cannot be used as resources, and
                     use the heat produced from their incineration.
                 (5) The last effort is to appropriately dispose of things that cannot be re-used
                     or recycled and that must be disposed of, in a manner that does not
                     contaminate the environment.
                                            205
                  A new socioeconomic system needs to be created where responsibilities and
                  costs on waste and recycling are shared among business, consumers, local
                  government and the national government as necessary. In such system, there
                  should be incentives to reduce waste generation and recycling at each stage
                  of product development, manufacturing import distribution, consumption,
                  collection and regeneration.

                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  “Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law", "Law for Promotion of
                  Effective Utilization of Resources", "Container and Packaging Recycling
                  Law", "Electric Household Appliance Recycling Law" etc.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Policy financing for establishment of treatment facilities; and preferential tax
                  treatment.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Under the Voluntary Action Plan on the Environment adopted by the
                  Keidanren (Japan Federation of Economic Organization), measures are taken
                  on promoting recycling and limiting the discharge of wastes.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          The Government of Japan shall restrict as much as possible the generation of
                  specified hazardous wastes, promote the effective use and appropriate
Reduction
                  disposal within the country and implement other measures in an effort to
Measures          minimize the export and import of specified hazardous wastes.

                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  "Law for the Control of Export, Import and Others of Specified Hazardous
                  Wastes and Other Wastes (Basel Law)" and "Waste Management and Public
                  Cleansing Law".

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  None.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  None.


Disposal/         Information is not available.
Recovery
Facilities


Bilateral,        Decision of the OECD Council concerning the Control of Transfrontier
Multilateral or   Movement of Wastes destined for Recovery Operation, C(92)39/final which
                  is effective since December 1993.
Regional
Agreements
                                             206
Technical        Available sources are:
Assistance and   Ministry of the Environment; Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry; and
                 Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), which holds seminars on
Training
                 comprehensive solid waste management periodically.
Available




                                          207
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                          JORDAN


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                             22.06.1989 (AA)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

General Corporation for the Environment          Same as the Competent Authority
Protection
Amman P.O. Box 1408, 11941, Jordan
tel: (962-6) 535-0149
fax: (962-6) 535-0084
e-mail: gcep@gcep.gov.jo




National               Definition of waste and hazardous waste are the same: any material which
Definition             cannot be disposed of at the public garbage dump sites or drainage network
                       due to its hazardous characteristics, harmful impact on the environment
                       and the safety of the organism and which require special means for
                       handling and disposing of, same as are specified in table No. 3 which is
                       annexed to Regulation No. 43/1999.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Jordan there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                               208
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                17 390 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                    No data
       Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              4 000 2)
       Movement           exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes           No import
                          imported
*       Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**      Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
        1)     Projection of hazardous waste amounts expected to be collected for each year from 1994
onwards, based on 1994 study: (Waste treated on-site is excluded) It consists of waste type I - oil
waste: 1 518 mt + waste type II - halogenous: 24 mt + waste type III - solvents: 539 mt + waste type IV
- organic chemical waste: 992 mt + waste type V - mercury waste: 10 mt + waste type VI - pesticide
waste: 1 937 mt + waste type VII - inorganic waste: 11 315 mt + waste type VIII - other chemical
waste: 1 055 mt.
2)      Amount refers to expired batteries/liquid free of acid exported to Indonesia.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Jordan.
 Movement
                       Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                       Jordan has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                       for final disposal and for recovery.

                       Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                       Jordan restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                       disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Environment
                       Protection Law No 12/1995 and its Regulation No. 43/1999: Management
                       and Circulation of the Harmful and Hazardous Materials. This restriction
                       covers all countries.

                       Restrictions on transit
                       Jordan restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                       restriction is in accordance with the Basel Convention and it covers its
                       Parties.




                                                 209
Reduction           National strategies/policies
and/or              - Encourage recycling;
                    - Use production procedure that are environment friendly; and
Elimination of
                    - Use alternatives for hazard inputs.
Hazardous
Waste               Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation          Practise of applying hazardous waste treatment fees is in preparation.

                    Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                    - Use production ways that are environment friendly; and
                    - Use alternative for hazard inputs, if available.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      Wastes are exported only if there is no facility within the country to treat
              them or dispose of them.
Reduction
Measures
                    Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                    Generators handle all packaging and transportation requirements under the
                    supervision of the authorized agent.


Disposal/           Disposal facilities
Recovery            Swaga storage and disposal central facility, Swaga, Jordan/General
                    Corporation for Environment Protection. Storage areas and landfill cells are
Facilities
                    operated. Treatment units are under construction.
                    Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                    Jordan Petroleum Refinery Company, used oil recovery (R9).


Bilateral,          None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical           The available sources are: Royal Scientific Society; Civil Defence
Assistance and      Department; Ministry of Health; Customs Department; Ministry of Trade
                    and Industry; General Command of Army; and Universities.
Training
Available




                                               210
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                        KIRIBATI


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 07.09.2000 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Environment and Conservation Division             Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Environment and Social                        Ministry of Environment and Social
  Development                                     Development
Environment and Social                            P.O. Box 234, Bikemibeu, Tarawa
P.O. Box 234, Bikenibeu, Tawara                   tel: (686) 28-593 and 28-211
tel: (686) 28-647 and 28-507                      fax: (686) 28-334
fax: (686) 28-334                                 e-mail: mesd@tskl.net.ki
e-mail: mesd2@tskl.net.ki



National             “Waste” includes matter whether liquid, solid, gaseous or radioactive,
Definition           whether toxic or not, which is discharged into the environment; or which is
                     the byproduct of any process activity, or development with no apparent value
                     or beneficial function.
                     According to the Environment Regulations 2001, “hazardous waste” is any
                     waste which contains explosives, gases, flammable solids, flammable
                     liquids, corrosive substances, oxidizing agents, organic peroxides, asbestos
                     or substances which emit flammable gases.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Kiribati there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                211
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Kiribati.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                  Kiribati has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Kiribati restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. The restriction covers all hazardous wastes.

                  Restrictions on import for recovery
                  Kiribati is in a preparatory process to restrict the import of hazardous wastes
                  and other wastes for recovery.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Kiribati has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            The Environment and Conservation Division focuses on waste management,
                  e.g. re-use the waste for landfill; and recycling aluminium cans.
Elimination of
Hazardous         Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste             The Environment Act (1999) lays framework for environment protection in
Generation        Kiribati. No provisions for management of hazardous wastes.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  None.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  None.

                  Others
                  The Government of Kiribati has implemented the National Marine
                  Contingency Plan for the prevention of hazardous waste disposal in the
                  marine environment.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          None.
Reduction
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures          No provisions for management of hazardous wastes.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  None.


                                             212
                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  None.

                  Others
                  None.


Disposal/         There are no recovery and disposal facilities, but off-island disposal within
Recovery          the Pacific region (eg. New Zealand and Australia) are being explored.
Facilities

Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements

Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                            213
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                    KYRGYZSTAN


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                    13.08.1996 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:              Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                       Focal Point

Department of State Ecological Control and         Unit of Conventions for Nature Protection
  Environment Utilisation                          Department of State Ecological Control and
Kievskaya str., b#96B, 3rd floor                   Environment Utilisation
Bishkek, 720040                                    Kievskaya str., b#96B, 3rd floor
tel: (996-312) 22-1904                             Bishkek, 720040
fax: (996-312) 66-0481                             tel: (996-312) 22-1904
e-mail: ecoconv@elcat.kg                           fax: (996-312) 66-0481
                                                   e-mail: ecoconv@elcat.kg

National             “Wastes” means wastes of production and consumption. “Wastes of
Definition           production” means all materials, substances, products, which were produced
                     during a production process or a delivery of services and can‟t be used
                     further within the territory of a given facility (organization), or are totally
                     invalid for the purposes of usage in an amount these are intended to be used.
                     “Wastes of consumption” means all materials, substances, products, which
                     totally or partially lost their characteristics during the process of
                     consumption (Regulation on state control of transboundary movements of
                     hazardous wastes).
                     “Hazardous wastes” means wastes, containing substances, which possess one
                     of the hazardous characteristics (such as flammability, explosivity, high
                     reaction ability, toxic ability and infectious capability) and are in a particular
                     amount and of a certain type that these are of potential and immediate danger
                     towards the public health/environment.
                     The National Definition of hazardous wastes is in accordance with the
                     Annexes I and II of the Basel Convention.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention. In Kyrgyzstan there are no wastes other than those pursuant to
                     Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.



                                                 214
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               6 087 869 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                   1 303 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
2)    Figure refers to total amount of Y46 generated.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Kyrgyzstan.
 Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Kyrgyzstan restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other types of wastes
                      for final disposal and recovery. The relevant legislation is the Regulation on
                      State Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous and Other Wastes
                      (as of 6 April 1999). The restriction covers States-Parties to the Basel
                      Convention. Export of the following types of wastes (Annex I to the
                      Convention) Y1-Y8, Y10-Y15, Y17, Y18, Y20-Y31, Y33-Y36, Y39, Y43-
                      Y45 is under state control. The export takes place only if exporter possesses
                      a license, issued by competent authority.

                      Restrictions on transit and import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Kyrgyzstan restricts the transit and import of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes for their final disposal and recovery. The relevant legislation is the
                      Regulation on State Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous and
                      Other Wastes (as of 6 April 1999). The import of wastes for final disposal or
                      incineration is restricted. The restriction document covers Parties to the
                      Basel Convention and states participating in Customs Union (Russia,
                      Belarus, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan). The transit and import take place only if a
                      license has been issued by the Competent Authority.




                                                 215
Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            The construction of waste management facility within the borders of Bishkek
                  is planned.
Elimination of
Hazardous         Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste             The Law of the Kyrgyz Republic #89 “Wastes of production and
Generation        consumption” entered into force on 21 November 2001.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Tax advantages.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Future transition to low-level waste generation technologies.


Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          Licensed activity on transboundary movements of hazardous wastes.
Reduction
                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
Measures          License charges; and responsibility in the event                of force-major
                  circumstances.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Reducing to minimum amounts of waste generation.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          At present, there are 41 disposal facilities throughout Kyrgyzstan: 12
Facilities        facilities are for temporary disposal, 3 facilities are for landfill and 26 are
                  organized depots. All necessary information can be obtained from National
                  Statistics Commitee.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  None.


Bilateral,        - Multilateral agreement on Customs Union (Russian Federation,
Multilateral or     Kazakhstan, Belarus, Tadjikistan, Kyrgyzstan) concerning the protocol on
                    unified use procedure of technical, medical, pharmaceutical, sanitary,
Regional
                    phytosanitary and ecological standards, rules and requirements regarding
Agreements          goods imported to the Parties of the Custom Union; and
                  - Bilateral agreement between Kyrgyzstan (Kadamdjai antimony
                    processing factory) and Belgium (“Union Minere” company), concerning
                    wastes of antimony and lead process of production.


Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available
                                             216
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         LATVIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 14.04.1992 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Ministry of Environmental Protection
and Regional Development
25, Peldu str., LV-1494, Riga
tel: (371) 702-6515
fax: (371) 782-0442
e-mail: ilze.donina@varam.gov.lv
web site: www.varam.gov.lv

National             There is no national definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the
Definition           purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Latvia.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Latvia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.


Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
     Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 No data
                        Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
     Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               11 135 1)
     Movement           exported
                        Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          39 2)
                        imported
*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.

                                               217
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***   Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45).
2)    Figure refers to the amount of Y29 imported.
 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                 implemented in Latvia.
 Movement
                          Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                          Latvia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                          wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                        Restrictions on import for final disposal
                        Latvia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal. The relevant legislation is the Law on Hazardous Wastes,
                        30.03.1993. This restriction covers all countries.

                        Restrictions on import for recovery
                        Latvia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
                        The relevant legislation is the Law on Hazardous Wastes, 30.03.1993. This
                        restriction covers all countries, except Estonia and Lithuania.

                        Restrictions on transit
                        Latvia has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                        wastes.


 Reduction              Legislation, regulations and guidelines
 and/or                 Law on Hazardous Waste, Law on Natural Resource tax.
 Elimination of
                        Economic instruments/ initiatives
 Hazardous              Natural resource tax for disposal of hazardous waste.
 Waste
 Generation

 Disposal/              Disposal facilities
 Recovery               Gardene, Auru pagasts, Dobeles rajons, Latvia. Operated by joint stock
                        company BAO, Jelgavas Str., LV-1004, for temporary storage of obsolete
 Facilities
                        pesticides (D15).
                        Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                        Lampu demerkurizacijas centrs Ltd, Kapsedes 10, LV-3400, Liepaja, Latvia,
                        for destruction of mercury-containing light bulbs, separation of mercury
                        (R4).


 Bilateral,             None.
 Multilateral or
 Regional
 Agreements
                                                        218
Technical        The available sources are:
Assistance and   - Centre of Environmental Science and Management Studies of University
                   of Latvia, 19, Raina blvd, Riga; and
Training
                 - Latvian Waste Managements Associations, 21 Aizkraukles Str, Riga.
Available




                                         219
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                      LITHUANIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                22.04.1999 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Ministry of Environment of the           Ministry of Environment of the Republic of
Republic of Lithuania                              Lithuania
A.Jakšto 4/9, LT – 2600 Vilnius                   A.Jakšto 4/9, LT – 2600 Vilnius
tel: (370-5) 266-3480 (Minister)                 tel: (370-5) 266-3511
     (370-5) 266-3485 (Undersecretary of the     fax: (370-5) 266-3663
      Ministry)                                  e-mail: i.vietaite@aplinkuma.lt
     (370-5) 2663511 (Coordinator for the        web site: http://www.am.lt
      Convention)
fax: (370-5) 2663663
e-mail: i.vietaite@aplinkuma.lt
web site: http://www.am.lt


National             Waste shall mean any substances or objects in the categories set out in
Definition           Annex I of the Law on Waste Management and is included into the waste list
                     set in Annex II of the Waste Management Regulations (Minister‟s Ordinance
                     No 217, adopted on 14 July, 1999), which the holder discards or intends to or
                     required to discard. The categories and list of waste are prepared in
                     accordance with the EU waste management legislation.
                     Hazardous waste shall mean waste featuring as hazardous on the Waste List
                     contained in Annex II of Waste Management Regulations (Minister‟s
                     Ordinance No 217, adopted on 14 July, 1999) and possessing one or more
                     hazardous properties defined in Annex IV of the Law on Waste Management
                     and falling under the criteria of Annex IV of the Waste Management
                     Regulations. It shall also mean any other waste having one or more
                     hazardous properties listed in Annex IV of the Law on Waste Management
                     and being in accordance to Annex IV criteria of the Waste Management
                     Regulations.
                     Lithuania regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                     the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. (1)b.


                                               220
                  The written consent is required for import into the Republic of Lithuania for
                  recovery and disposal of the following green list‟s wastes:
                  - GB. Metal bearing wastes arising from melting, smelting and refining of
                     metals;
                  - GC. Other wastes containing metals;
                  - GD. Waste from mining operations: these wastes to be in non-dispersible
                     form;
                  - GF. Ceramic wastes in non-dispersible form;
                  - GG. Other wastes containing principally inorganic constituents, which
                     may contain metals and inorganic materials;
                  - GH. Solid plastic wastes, such as: GH 012 ex 391520 – Polymers of
                     styrene; GH 013 ex 391530 – Polymers of vinyl chloride; GH 014 ex
                     391590 – Acrylonitrile copolymer (Butadiene copolymer; Styrene
                     copolymer; Polyamides; Polybutylene terephtalates; Polycarbonates;
                     Polyphenylene sulphides; Acrylic polymers; Paraffins (C 10 - C 13);
                     Polyurethane (not containing chlorofluorocarbons); Polysiloxalanes
                     (silicones); Polymethyl metharcrylate; Polyvinyl alcohol; Polyvinyl
                     butyral; Polyvinil acetate; Polymers of fluorinated ethylene (Teflon,
                     PTFE);
                  - GH 015 ex 391590 – Resins or condensation products, for example: Urea
                     formaldehyde resins; Phenol formaldehyde resins; Melamine
                     formaldehyde resins; Epoxy resins; Alkyd resins; Polyamides;
                  - GI. Paper, paperboard and paper product wastes; GI 014470790 – Other,
                     including but not limited to: Laminated paperboard; Unsorted waste and
                     scrap;
                  - GJ. Textile wastes;
                  - GK. Rubber wastes;
                  - GM. Wastes arising from agro-food industries;
                  - GN. Wastes arising from tanning and fellmongery operations and leather
                     use; and
                  - GO. Other wastes containing principally organic constituents, which may
                     contain metals and inorganic materials.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The documents for ratification of the amendment to the Basel Convention
                (Decision III/1) are being prepared.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                  Lithuania follows orders of the import country.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Lithuania restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. All imports of non-hazardous and hazardous waste for disposal
                  (operations D1-D15) into the Republic of Lithuania shall be allowed only if
                  the notifier has received the written consent of the Ministry of Environment
                  of the Republic of Lithuania.




                                            221
Rules on Waste Import into the Republic of Lithuania, Export from the
Republic of Lithuania and Transit through the Republic of Lithuania
approved on 25th October 2001 by the Minister‟s of Environment Ordinance
No 526. Its entry into force would be on the 1st January 2003.

Restrictions on import for recovery
Lithuania restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
recovery. The relevant legislation is Rules on Waste Import into the Republic
of Lithuania, Export from the Republic of Lithuania and Transit through the
Republic of Lithuania approved on 25th October 2001 by the Minister‟s of
Environment Ordinance No 526. Its entry into force would be on the 1st
January 2003. The written consent is required for import into the Republic of
Lithuania for recovery and disposal of the following green list‟s wastes:
- GB. Metal bearing wastes arising from melting, smelting and refining of
   metals;
- GC. Other wastes containing metals;
- GD. Waste from mining operations: these wastes to be in non-dispersible
   form;
- GF. Ceramic wastes in non-dispersible form;
- GG. Other wastes containing principally inorganic constituents, which
   may contain metals and inorganic materials;
- GH. Solid plastic wastes, such as: GH 012 ex 391520 – Polymers of
   styrene; GH 013 ex 391530 – Polymers of vinyl chloride; GH 014 ex
   391590 – Acrylonitrile copolymer (Butadiene copolymer; Styrene
   copolymer; Polyamides; Polybutylene terephtalates; Polycarbonates;
   Polyphenylene sulphides; Acrylic polymers; Paraffins (C 10 - C 13);
   Plyurethane (not containing chlorofluorocarbons); Polysiloxalanes
   (silicones); Polymethyl metharcrylate; Polyvinyl alcohol; Polyvinyl
   butyral; Polyvinil acetate; Polymers of fluorinated ethylene (Teflon,
   PTFE);
- GH 015 ex 391590 – Resins or condensation products, for example: Urea
   formaldehyde resins; Phenol formaldehyde resins; Melamine
   formaldehyde resins; Epoxy resins; Alkyd resins; Polyamides;
- GI. Paper, paperboard and paper product wastes; GI 014470790 – Other,
   including but not limited to: Laminated paperboard; Unsorted waste and
   scrap;
- GJ. Textile wastes;
- GK. Rubber wastes;
- GM. Wastes arising from agro-food industries;
- GN. Wastes arising from tanning and fellmongery operations and leather
   use; and
- GO. Other wastes containing principally organic constituents, which may
   contain metals and inorganic materials.

Restrictions on transit
Transit of all wastes (non-hazardous and hazardous) through the Republic of
Lithuania for disposal can take place only upon written consent.




                          222
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           - National Strategic Waste Management Plan (approved on 12th of April
                   2002 by the Ordinance of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania).
Elimination of
                 - National Hazardous Wastes Management Program (approved on 9th of
Hazardous          April 1999 by the Ordinance of the Government of the Republic of
Waste              Lithuania).
Generation
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 - Law on Environmental Protection;
                 - Law on Waste Management;
                 - Law on Packaging and Packaging Wastes;
                 - Minister‟s Ordinance on Waste Management Regulations, adopted on 14
                   July 1999;
                 - Minister‟s Ordinance on Setting the Permits for Use of Natural Resources
                   and Discharge of Pollutants into Environment, adopted on 30 November
                   1999;
                 - Law on Product Charges Amending the Law on Environmental Pollution
                   Charges, adopted in 2002; and
                 - Minister‟s Ordinance on Rules on Waste Import into the Republic of
                   Lithuania, Export from the Republic of Lithuania and Transit through the
                   Republic of Lithuania.

                 Economic instruments/initiatives
                 Product Charges.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         - National Strategic Waste Management Plan.
Reduction
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures         - Law on Waste Management;
                 - Minister‟s Ordinance on Waste Management Regulations, adopted on 14
                   July 1999;
                 - Minister‟s Ordinance on Setting the Permits for Use of Natural Resources
                   and Discharge of Pollutants into Environment, adopted on 30 November
                   1999;
                 - Law on Product Charges Amending the Law on Environmental Pollution
                   Charges; and
                 - Minister‟s Ordinance on Rules on Waste Import into the Republic of
                   Lithuania, Export from the Republic of Lithuania and Transit through the
                   Republic of Lithuania.

                 Economic instruments/initiatives
                 Product Charges.




                                          223
Disposal/         Waste Management Regulations set the order of registration of waste
Recovery          managers. Every enterprise engaged in waste collection, transportation,
                  recovery and disposal activities and every enterprise commissioned by other
Facilities
                  enterprise in waste recovery and disposal, including waste import and export
                  companies shall be registered with the Waste Managers Register. The
                  Ministry of Environment shall administer the Waste Managers Register. The
                  data on the waste management enterprises contained in the Waste Managers
                  Register shall be furnished to local municipal institutions and county
                  administrations not less than once a year. The data contained in the Waste
                  Managers Register shall be furnished to legal or natural persons upon
                  submitting an application stating the required information.
                  More information could be obtained from the Ministry of Environment of the
                  Republic of Lithuania, http://www.am.lt


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available source is Association of Ecological Engineering (Dominykonu
Assistance and    4, Vilnius).
Training
Available




                                            224
                                        Basel Convention
                                       Country Fact Sheet

                                     LUXEMBOURG

Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                     07.02.1994 (r)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                       14.08.1997


               Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Administration de l'Environnement                    Ministère de l'Environnement
Division des Déchets                                 L-2918 Luxembourg
16, rue Eugene Ruppert, L-2453 Luxembourg            tel: (352) 478-6806
tel: (352) 40-5656-1                                 fax: (352) 40-0410
fax: (352) 49-6256                                   e-mail: Patrick.Grivet@mev.etat.lu
e-mail: Robert.Schmit@aev.etat.lu                    web site: www.mev.etat.lu
web site: www.aev.etat.lu

National                In Luxembourg the definition of waste is in accordance with the directive
Definition              75/442/EEC and the definition of hazardous waste is in accordance with the
                        directive 91/689/CEE.
                        All the wastes subject to control under the regulation (EEC) 259/93 are
                        controlled.
                        In Luxembourg there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                        and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                        when subjected to transboundary movement.

Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                     Quantities
                                                                                     (in metric
                                                                                     tonnes)
        Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               96 526 1)
                            Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
        Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              82 820 2)
        Movement            exported
                            Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes         789 3)
                            imported
*        Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**       Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***      Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)       Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
                                                   225
2)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
3)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes imported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                       implemented in Luxembourg.
 Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Luxembourg restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                      final disposal and for recovery. A special authorization is required by the
                      modified Waste Management law of 17th June 1994 for export of waste to
                      non-EC countries; and prohibition of export of waste to non-OECD countries
                      through waste carrier authorization delivered according to the Waste
                      Management Law.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Luxembourg restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                      final disposal and for recovery. Import authorization is required by the
                      modified Waste Management Law of 17th June 1994. The restriction is
                      general.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Luxembourg restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                      relevant legislation is Regulation of the Council No 259/93 (CEE).


 Reduction            National strategies/policies
 and/or               - National Waste Management Plan adopted by Government on 15th
                        December 2000; and
 Elimination of
                      - Obligation for industries and SME's to establish internal waste
 Hazardous              managment plans with the view of reduction and recycling of waste.
 Waste
 Generation           Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                      Modified Waste Management Law of 17th June 1994.

                      Economic instruments/ initiatives
                      "SuperDrecksKëscht fiir Betriiber" initiative taken since 1992 by the
                      Ministry of Environment and the Chamber of Handcraft with the aims of:
                      - advising industries and SME's in good ecological practice of internal
                        waste management; and
                      - giving a quality label to the companies with a good waste management
                        practice.

                      Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                      Internal waste management according to internal Waste Management Plan
                      and/or waste management practice according to "SuperDrecksKëscht fiir
                      Betriiber"-concept.



                                                226
Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      - National Waste Management Plan adopted by Government on 15th
                December 2000; and
Reduction
              - Obligation for industries and SME's to establish internal waste
Measures        managment plans with the view of reduction and recycling of waste.

                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  Modified Waste Management Law of 17th June 1994.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          - Lamesch Exploitation S.A. Z.I. Wolser Nord, L-3225 Bettembourg,
                    Chemical-Physical Treatment plant, for D9 operations.
Facilities
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  - Intermoselle Sàrl Langengrund L-3701 Rumelange, clinker production,
                    for R5 operations; and
                  - Lamesch Exploitation S.A. Z.I. Wolser Nord, L-3225 Bettembourg,
                    reconditioning of waste, pretreatment further to R1 and R9 operations.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - Administration of the Environment, Division des Déchets, 16, rue
                    Ruppert, L-2453 Luxembourg;
Training          - CRTE, 66, rue de Luxembourg, L-4002 ESCH/ALZETTE; and
Available         - SuperDrecksKëscht fiir Betriiber, 18, rue Stümper, L-2557 Luxembourg




                                          227
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                       MALAYSIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  08.10.1993 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                         26.10.2001


             Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Department of Environment                          Same as the Competent Authority
        Ministry of Science, Technology and
Environment
Level 3-7, Block C4
Federal Government Administrative Centre
62662 Putrajaya
tel: (60-3) 8885-8200
fax: (60-3) 8888-9987
e-mail: hri@jas.sains.my
web site: www.jas.sains.my




National             Waste is defined as any matter prescribed to be scheduled waste or any
Definition           matter whether in a solid, semi-solid or liquid form, or in the form of a gas or
                     vapor, which is emitted, discharged or deposited in the environment in such
                     volume, composition or manner as to cause pollution.
                     Hazardous waste is defined as any waste falling within the categories of
                     waste listed in the First Schedule of the Environment Quality (Scheduled
                     Wastes) Regulations 1989.
                     Malaysia regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                     the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These
                     wastes are: slags from copper processing; oil tanker sludges; granulated slag;
                     and spent industrial catalysts.
                     Import of waste from European Community will be considered as Amber
                     List. The lists are as follows:




                                                 228
                     (a) GA. Metal and metal-alloy waste in metallic, non-dispersible form
                         GA 150 7802 00        Lead waste and scrap
                         GA 240 ex8107 10 Cadmium waste and scrap
                     (b) GG. Other wastes containing principally inorganic constituents, which
                     may contain metal and organic materials
                        GG 010, GG 020, GG 030, GG 040, GG 100, GG 110, GG 140
                     (c) GH. Solid plastic wastes
                         All categories of plastic wastes
                     (d) GJ. Textile wastes
                         All categories of textile wastes
                     (e) GK. Rubber wastes
                         All categories of rubber wastes
                     (f) GM. Waste arising from agro-food industries
                         All categories
                     (g) GN. Waste arising from tanning and fellmongery operations and leather
                     use
                        All categories
                     (h) GO. Other wastes
                         GO 010, GO 020, GO 030, GO 050



 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                               Quantities
                                                                               (in metric
                                                                               tonnes)
   Generation           Total amount of hazardous wastes generated             344 550 1)
                        Total amount of other wastes generated                 No data
    Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes            4 947 2)
    Movement            exported
                        Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       125 875 3)
                        imported
*       Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**      Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1) Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45): 124
  968 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b: 219 582 mt.
2) Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) exported: 1 973
  mt + total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b exported: 2 974 mt.
3) Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) imported: 120
  927 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b imported: 4 948 mt.



                                                 229
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in Malaysia.
Movement
                 Restrictions on export for final disposal
                 Malaysia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                 disposal. The relevant legislations are the Amendment to the Environmental
                 Quality Act: Section 34B; entry into force 1 August 1996; and the Customs
                 (Prohibition of Export) Order. The restriction covers all countries. Final
                 disposal of hazardous wastes requiring export is not allowed if the hazardous
                 wastes are able to be treated at local facilities.

                 Restriction on export for recovery
                 Malaysia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislations are the Environmental Quality Act (1
                 August 1996), Section 34B; and the Customs (Prohibition of Export) Order.
                 The restriction covers all countries. Hazardous wastes to be exported and
                 destined for recovery are subject to the export guidelines on minimum
                 percentage for recoverables.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                 Malaysia restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                 disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are the Environmental
                 Quality Act, 1 August 1996, Section 34B; and the Customs (Prohibition of
                 Import) Order. The restriction covers all countries. Import of hazardous
                 wastes for final disposal from non OECD countries requires a special
                 permission and total prohibition for hazardous wastes from OECD countries.
                 Import of hazardous wastes for recovery requires written approval.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Malaysia restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislation is the Environmental Quality Act, 1 August 1996,
                 Section 34B. The restriction covers all countries.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Malaysian Agenda for Waste Reduction; and promotion on cleaner
                 production.
Elimination of
Hazardous        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste            In preparation to enhance existing provision in the Environmental Quality
Generation       (Scheduled Wastes) Regulations to reduce wastes using best practicable
                 means.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Cleaner production, waste minimization and ISO 14001 certification.




                                           230
                    Others
                    Special capital allowance incentive to companies which generate wastes and
                    intend to set up facilities to treat their own wastes covering all capital
                    expenditure incurred.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      Encourage industries to use locally produced wastes as raw materials.
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/           Disposal facilities
Recovery            - Kualiti Alam Sdn Bhd, Port Dickson, N. Sembilan; secure landfill (D5),
                      physical chemical treatment (D9), incineration (D10), storage (D15),
Facilities
                      stabilization; and
                    - Trienekens Waste Management, Sdn. Bhd, Sarawak, temporary storage
                      (D15).
                    The complete list is available upon request from the Competent Authority
                    (www.jas.sains.my).
                    Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                    There are 37 licensed recovery facilities and the list is available upon request
                    from the Competent Authority (www.jas.sains.my).


Bilateral,          Bilateral Agreement with the United States of America, valid from 10 March
Multilateral or     1995 until US becomes a Party to the Basel Convention, concerning
                    transshipment of hazardous wastes for recovery.
Regional
Agreements


Technical           The available sources are:
Assistance and      Department of Environment; Customs and Excise Department; Hazmat, Fire
                    and Rescue Services; and Standards and Industrial Research Institute of
Training            Malaysia (SIRIM).
Available




                                               231
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                   MAURITANIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                16.08.1996 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Department of the Environment and Rural          Same as the Competent Authority
Development
BP:170 Nouakchott, Mauritania
tel: (222) 529-0115
fax: (222) 525-0741


National             There is no national definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the
Definition           purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Mauritania.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Mauritania there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Mauritania.
Movement
                     Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                     Mauritania has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                     wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                     Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                     Mauritania has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other
                     wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                     Restrictions on transit
                     Mauritania has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                     wastes.


                                                232
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           There is no national strategy in regard to household and hospital wastes. At
                 the moment the waste is disposed of outside the towns (in Nouadhibou, the
Elimination of
                 country‟s financial capital, the wastes are mostly discharged into the sea).
Hazardous        For the city of Nouakchott, the national capital, there are plans to build a
Waste            controlled landfill 35 km away from the city. Other kinds of wastes are not
Generation       subject to any control; SOMELEC (the Mauritanian electric power company)
                 discharges waste oil at random and there are other cases of this kind.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 There is no specific legislation.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Nil.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 No measure has been taken by industries/waste generators to reduce their
                 wastes or dispose of them in an environmentally sound manner.

                 Others
                 The Department of the Environment, which is responsible for drafting policy
                 and implementing it, has done nothing in this regard because of the lack of
                 financial and human resources.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         There is no national strategy.
Reduction
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures         There is no specific legislation.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Nil.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 None.

                 Others
                 The Department of the Environment, which is responsible for drafting policy
                 and implementing it, has done nothing in this regard because of the lack of
                 financial and human resources.


Disposal/        Information could be obtained from the Department of the Environment and
Recovery         Rural Development BP:170 Nouakchott, Mauritania.
Facilities       Article 24 of the framework law on the environment (Act No. 200-045 of 20
                 July 2000) specifies that “activities that might affect the environment must
                 have the authorization of the Minister responsible for the environment, based
                 on an environmental impact study”. The Act still does not have associated
                 implementation regulations.
                                            233
Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available source is the Department of the Environment and Rural
Assistance and    Development, BP:170 Nouakchott, Mauritania.
Training
Available




                                         234
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                     MAURITIUS


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                24.11.1992 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Department of Environment                        Director, Department of Environment
Ministry of Environment                          Barracks Street, Port Louis
Barracks Street, Port Louis                      tel: (230) 212-6080
tel: (230) 212-3363                              fax: (230) 212-6671
fax: (230) 212-6671                              e-mail: denvmr@intnet.mu
e-mail: denvmr@intnet.mu
website: Environment.gov.mu



National             There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of
Definition           transboundary movements of waste in Mauritius.
                     According to the Environment Protection (Standards for Hazardous Wastes)
                     Regulations 2001, which came into force on 1 April 2002, “hazardous
                     waste” means any waste specified in the third column of the First Schedule
                     (See Attachment) in respect of the corresponding waste stream specified in
                     the second column of that Schedule; or having as constituents one of the
                     substances specified in the Second Schedule (See Attachment), and
                     displaying any of the hazardous properties specified in the Third Schedule
                     (See Attachment).
                     Mauritius regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for
                     the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These
                     wastes are radioactive wastes.
                     In Mauritius there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                235
Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Mauritius.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                  Mauritius restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Environment
                  Protection (Standards for Hazardous Wastes) Regulations 2001, which came
                  into force on 1 April 2002. No person shall export hazardous waste without
                  the approval in writing of the enforcing agency, which according to the
                  Environment Protection Act 2002 is the Ministry responsible for the subject
                  of Local Government.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                  Mauritius prohibits the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Environment
                  Protection (Standards for Hazardous Wastes) Regulations 2001, which came
                  into force on 1 April 2002.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Mauritius restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. Transit
                  may be allowed subject to prior notification.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            - According to the Environment Protection (Standards for Hazardous
                    wastes) Regulations 2001, which came into force on 1 April 2002, a
Elimination of
                    hazardous waste generator shall minimize the generation of a
Hazardous           hazardous waste by using the best practicable means;
Waste             - The law requires new undertakings with significant environment
Generation          impacts to go through the EIA process;
                  - Introduction of sulphur-reduced diesel since 2001 and unleaded
                    petrol as from September 2002; and
                  - The revised solid waste management strategy plan adopted in 2002
                    places topmost priority to waste minimisation.

                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  - Environment Protection (Standards for Hazardous wastes)
                    Regulations 2001;
                  - Standards for air (ambient air quality and emissions); and
                  - Guidance notes for the implementation of Environment Protection
                    (Standards for Hazardous Wastes) Regulations 2001.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Fines for illegal dumping and penalties to non-compliance to standards and
                  regulations.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Industries are making efforts to reduce the use of hazardous chemicals.


                                            236
                  Others
                  None.


Transboundary None.
Movement
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          - Mare Chicose landfill. It is a sanitary landfill for receiving municipal
                    solid wastes. It has a special cell designed for accepting only solid
Facilities
                    hazardous waste, in discreet quantities (D5); and
                  - Hospitals and clinics, incineration on land for medical waste (D10).
                  No treatment and disposal facility is yet in place locally for liquid hazardous
                  wastes. Generators of such wastes are requested to safely store their liquid
                  hazardous wastes pending a safe disposal facility is in operation. The
                  construction of a national warehouse for hazardous wastes and a hazardous
                  waste complex comprising of pre-treatment and incineration facilities are
                  expected to be operational by 2004 and 2007 respectively.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  None.



Bilateral,        Regional agreement: Bamako Convention on the Ban of Import into Africa
Multilateral or   and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous
                  Wastes Within Africa, effective from 1992. It covers all hazardous wastes
Regional
                  including radioactive materials.
Agreements


Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                             237
                                           ATTACHMENTS

                                         FIRST SCHEDULE

                                          Hazardous wastes

                         Waste stream                                 Description of waste
 1.     Batteries and accumulators                        - Electrolyte from batteries and
                                                            accumulators
                                                          - Lead batteries
                                                          - Mercury dry cells
                                                          - Ni-Cd batteries

2(a)    Electronic industry                               - Chlorofluorocarbons

 (b) Coolants, foam / aerosol propellants                 - Sludges or solid wastes containing
                                                            solvents
 (c)    Solvent and coolant recovery (still bottoms)      - Solvents

 3.     Human or animal health care and research related - Waste from diagnosis, treatment or
        to such health care                                prevention of disease and natal care.

 4.     Leather and textile industries                    - Degreasing wastes containing solvents
                                                            without a liquid phase
                                                          - Halogenated wastes from dressing and
                                                            finishing
 5.     Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of       - Adhesives and sealants sludges
        adhesive and sealants (including water proofing
        products)                                         - Waste adhesives and sealants

6 (a)   Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of       - Aqueous washing liquids and mother
        biocides and phyto-pharmaceuticals                  liquors
 (b)    Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of       - Contaminated packaging and containers
        pharmaceuticals                                   - Date expired product
                                                          - Halogenated still bottoms and reaction
                                                            residues
                                                          - Other still bottoms and residues
                                                          - Halogenated filter cakes, spent absorbents
                                                          - Other filter cakes, spent absorbents
                                                          - Organic halogenated solvents, washing
                                                            liquids and mother liquors
                                                          - Other organic solvents, washing liquids
                                                            and mother liquors

 7.     Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of       - Aqueous washing liquids and mother
        organic dyes and pigments                           liquors
                                                          - Halogenated still bottoms and reaction
                                                            residues
                                                          - Other still bottoms and residues
                                                  238
                                                            - Halogenated filter cakes, spent absorbents
                                                            - Other filter cakes, spent absorbents
                                                            - Organic halogenated solvents, washing
                                                              liquids and mother liquors
                                                            - Other organic solvents, washing liquids
                                                              and mother liquors
8(a)   Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of          - Aqueous washing liquids and mother
       organic solvents and chemical products other            liquors
       than those specified in items 6(a), 6(b) and 7.      - Contaminated packaging and containers

(b)    Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of          - Halogenated still bottoms and reaction
       fats, grease, soaps, detergents, disinfectants and     residues
       cosmetics                                            - Other still bottoms and residues

(c)    Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of          - Halogenated filter cakes, spent absorbents
       plastics, synthetic rubber, and man-made fibre       - Other filter cakes, spent absorbents
                                                            - Organic halogenated solvents, washing
                                                              liquids and mother liquors
                                                            - Other organic solvents, washing liquids
                                                              and mother liquors

 9.    Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of          - Sludges from paint or varnish removal
       paint and varnish                                    - Waste paints and varnish

10.    Manufacture, formulation, supply and use of          - Ink sludges
       printing inks                                        - Waste ink

11.    Metal surface treatment, such as etching,            - Cyanide free wastes containing chromium
       cleaning, degreasing and hot dip galvanising         - Cyanidic waste
                                                            - Sludges

12.    Miscellaneous sources                                -   Acid tars
                                                            -   Other tars
                                                            -   Ammonia
                                                            -   Calcium hydroxide
                                                            -   Contaminated containers or other
                                                                 packaging
                                                            -   Hydrochloric acid
                                                            -   Hydrofluoric acid
                                                            -   Nitric acid and nitrous acid
                                                            -   Bilge oils
                                                            -   Engine, gear, and lubricating oils
                                                            -   Hydraulic oils and brake fluids
                                                            -   Insulating and heat transmission oils
                                                                 containing PCBs or PCTs
                                                            -   Mineral insulating and heat transmission
                                                                 oils
                                                            -   Non-chlorinated insulating and heat
                                                                 transmission oils and other liquids

                                                   239
                                      - Other chlorinated insulating and heat
                                        transmission oils and other liquids
                                      - Oil/water separator contents (solids,
                                        sludge and emulsions)
                                      - Oil spills
                                      - Synthetic insulating and heat transmission
                                        oils and other liquids
                                      - Phosphoric acid
                                      - Sodium hydroxide
                                      - Sulphurous acid and sulphuric acid

13.   Photographic industry           - Bleach solutions and bleach fixer
                                         solutions
                                      - Fixer solutions
                                      - Solvent based developer solutions
                                      - Water based developer and activator
                                         solutions
                                      - Water based offset plate developer
                                         solutions
                                       - Water containing silver from on-site
                                         treatment of photographic waste
14.   Wood preservation waste          - Inorganic wood preservatives
                                       - Non- halogenated organic wood
                                         preservatives
                                      - Organochlorinated wood preservatives
                                      - Organometallic wood preservatives




                                240
                               SECOND SCHEDULE

                                  Hazardous wastes


Antimony
Antimony compounds
Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-furan
Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin
Arsenic
Arsenic compounds
Asbestos (dust and fibre)
Beryllium
Beryllium compounds
Cadmium
Cadmium compounds
Copper compounds
Ethers
Halogenated organic solvents
Hexavalent chromium compounds
Inorganic cyanides
Inorganic fluorine compounds excluding calcium fluoride
Lead
Lead compounds
Mercury
Mercury compounds
Metal carbonyls
Organic cyanides
Organic phosphorous compounds
Organic solvents excluding halogenated solvents
Phenols
Phenol compounds including chlorophenols
Radioactive materials
Selenium
Selenium compounds
Tellurium
Tellurium compounds
Thallium
Thallium compounds
Zinc compounds




                                        241
THIRD SCHEDULE

Hazardous properties

"Carcinogenic": substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate
the skin, may induce cancer or increase its incidence.

"Corrosive": substances and preparations which may destroy living tissue on contact.

"Ecotoxic": substances and preparations which present or may present immediate or delayed risks for
one or more sectors of the environment.

“Explosive”: substances and preparations which may explode under the effect of flame or which are
more sensitive to shocks or friction than dinitrobenzene.

“Flammable”: liquid substances and preparations having a flash point equal to, or greater than, or equal
to, 55oC.

"Harmful": substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the
skin, may involve limited health risks.

“Highly flammable”:

   -   gaseous substances and preparations which are flammable in air at normal pressure, or

   -   liquid substances and preparations having a flash point below 21OC (including extremely
       flammable liquids), or

   -   solid substances and preparations which readily catch fire after brief contact with a source of
       ignition and which continue to burn or to be consumed after removal of the source of ignition,
       or

   -   substances and preparations which may become hot and finally catch fire in contact with air at
       ambient temperature without any application of energy, or

   -   substances and preparations which, in contact with water or damp air, evolve highly
       inflammable gases in dangerous quantities.

"Infectious": substances containing viable micro-organisms, or their toxins which are known or reliably
believed to cause disease in man or other living organisms.

"Irritant": non-corrosive substances and preparations which, through immediate, prolonged or repeated
contact with the skin or mucous membrane, can cause inflammation.

“Leachability”: substances and preparations capable by any means, after disposal, of yielding another
substance e.g. a leachate, which possesses any of the characteristics listed above.

“Oxidizing”: substances and preparations which exhibit highly exothermic reactions when in contact
with other substances, particularly flammable substances.


                                                  242
"Teratogenic": substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate
the skin, may induce non-hereditary congenital malformations or increase their incidence.

"Toxic": substances and preparations (including very toxic substances and preparations) which, if they
are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may involve serious, acute or chronic health risks
and even death.

“Toxic reactivity”: substances and preparations which release toxic or very toxic gases in contact with
water, air or an acid.




                                                  243
                                      FOURTH SCHEDULE

                          Hazardous wastes of potential incompatibility

The mixing of a Group A waste with a Group B waste may have the potential consequences as noted
below:

     Group A                             Group B                          Potential
                                                                          consequences
1    Alcohols                            Any concentrated waste in        Fire, explosion or heat
                                         Group 3A or 3B                   generation;
                                         Metal hydrides                   Generation of
                                         Water reactive wastes            flammable toxic gases
2    Alcohols                            Concentrated Group 3A or 3B       Fire, explosion or
     Aldehydes                           wastes                            violent reaction
     Halogenated hydrocarbons            Group 4A wastes
     Nitrated hydrocarbons and other
     reactive organic compounds and
     solvents
     Unsaturated hydrocarbons
3    Alkaline liquids                    Acid, etching acid,              Heat generation,
     Lime sludge and other corrosive     Acid sludge                      Violent reaction
     alkalis                             Liquid or other solvent,
                                         Pickling liquor and corrosive
                                         acid
                                         Spent acid
                                         Spent mixed acid
4    Aluminium                           Any waste in Group 3A or 3B      Fire or explosion;
     Beryllium                                                            Generation of
     Zinc powder and other reactive                                       flammable hydrogen
     metals                                                               gas

5    Asbestos                            Explosives                       Release of toxic
     Beryllium                           Oil and other flammable wastes   substances in case of
     Unrinsed pesticide containers       Petroleum                        fire or explosion
     Pesticides                          Solvents

6    Chlorates and      other    strong Organic acids                     Fire explosion or
     oxidisers                          Group 2A wastes                   violent reaction
     Chlorites                          Group 4A wastes
     Chromic acid                       Group 5B wastes
     Hypochlorites                      Flammable and combustible
     Nitrates                           wastes
     Nitric acid
     Perchlorates
     Permanganates
     Peroxides



                                               244
7   Spent cyanide and sulphide   Group 3B wastes   Generation of toxic
    solutions                                      hydrogen cyanide or
                                                   hydrogen sulphide gas




                                      245
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

          MICRONESIA (FEDERATED STATES OF)


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                06.09.1995 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

The Secretary                                    The Secretary
FSM National Government                          FSM National Government
Dept. of Health, Education and Social Affairs    Dept. of Foreign Affairs
Division of Health Services                      P.O. Box PS-123
P.O. Box PS-70                                   Palikir, Pohnpei FM 96941
Palikir, Pohnpei FM 96941                        tel: (691) 320-2641/7666
tel: (691) 320-2619                              fax: (691) 320-2933
fax: (691) 320-5263                              e-mail: foreignaffairs@mail.fm
e-mail: FSMEnvironment@mail.fm                   web site: http://fsmgov.org



National             No national definition by law.
Definition



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Micronesia.
Movement
                     Restrictions on export and import for final disposal and recovery
                     Article XIII, Section 2 (General Provisions) of the Constitution of the
                     Federated States of Micronesia – “ Radioactive, toxic chemical, or other
                     harmful substances may not be tested, stored, used, or disposed of within the
                     jurisdiction of the Federated States of Micronesia without the express
                     approval of the national government.”

                     Restrictions on transit
                     No restrictions by law.




                                                246
Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            Environmental Action Strategies (FSM NEMS, 1992)
                  - Improve disposal of solid wastes and sewage; and
Elimination of
                  - Reduce use & abuse of hazardous chemicals.
Hazardous         Second FSM Economic Summit (1999)
Waste             - Create strong regulatory climate for the environment sector; and
Generation        - Develop technical support for existing and future environmental
                     programs.


Transboundary     The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Movement          other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
                  measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Reduction
                  generation.
Measures


Disposal/         Hazardous wastes not disposable locally are being stored temporarily for
Recovery          disposal outside the country. Importation of hazardous wastes for disposal,
                  recovery, recycling or other treatment is prohibited.
Facilities


Bilateral,        The Waigani Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island
Multilateral or   Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the
                  Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the
Regional          South Pacific Region entered into force on October 21, 2001.
Agreements


Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                           247
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                        MONACO


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 31.08.1992 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Le Ministre Plenipotentiaire                      Same as the Competent Authority
Chargé de la Coopération Internationale pour
  l‟Environnement et le Dèveloppement
16, Boulevard de Suisse, MC 98000
tel: (377) 9315-8333
fax: (377) 9350-9591
e-mail: bfautrier@gouv.mc



National             In Monaco, there is no national definition of wastes and hazardous wastes as
Definition           such. However, several legal texts concerning the management of wastes
                     highlight the character of hazardousness of certain categories of wastes
                     which are collected in selective manner and managed adequately. However,
                     in all events the Basel Convention‟s definitions are applicable to all services
                     concerned.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Monaco there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                248
Data * on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
        Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              301 1)
                           Total amount of other wastes generated                  66 273 2)
        Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes            24 924
        Movement           exported
                           Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes      45 868 3)
                           imported
*        Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**       Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***      Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)       Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I:Y1-
Y45).
        2)      Consists of wastes collected from households (Y46): 42 841 mt + residues arising from
the incineration of household wastes (Y47): 23 432 mt.
3)      Figure refers to wastes collected from households (Y46).



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                 implemented in Monaco.
 Movement
                       Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                       Monaco has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                       wastes for final disposal and for recovery. However, due to Custom
                       Agreement with France, transboundary movements of wastes and their final
                       disposal and recovery are controlled by French and European Union policies.

                       Restrictions on import for final disposal
                       Monaco restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                       disposal. The relevant legislation is the Municipal Policy 91-14 related to
                       municipal and similar wastes disposal. Final disposal of wastes is
                       theoretically impossible in Monaco.

                       Restrictions on import for recovery
                       Monaco restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                       recovery. However, household wastes import is authorized for energy
                       recycling only.

                       Restrictions on transit
                       Monaco has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                       wastes. However, due to Custom Agreement with France, transboundary
                       movements of wastes and their final disposal and recovery are controlled by
                       French and European Union policies. The border control is under the French
                       Custom Authority.
                                                 249
Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          None.
Facilities        Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Societé Monégasque d‟Assaisissement, 3 Avenue de Fontvielle, incineration
                  of household wastes to generate energy (R1).
                  For additional information the following source could be contacted:
                  Service des Concessions et des Telecomunications, 23 avenue Prince
                  Hereditaire Albert.


Bilateral,        Information is not available.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Information could be obtained from:
Assistance and    Cooperation Internationale pour l‟Environnement et le Developpement, 16,
Training          bd de Suisse, MC – Monaco 98000
Available




                                             250
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                     MONGOLIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                15.04.1997 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Ministry of Nature and Environment               Same as the Competent Authority
Government Building # 3, Baga Toiruu-44
Ulaanbaatar-11
tel: (976-11) 312-269
fax: (976-11) 321-401
e-mail: baigyam@magicnet.mn
web site: www.pmis.gov.mn/men



National             There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of
Definition           transboundary movements of waste in Mongolia.
                     The national definition of hazardous waste is given below as in Article 3 of
                     the Mongolian Law on Prohibition of Import, Transboundary Movement of
                     Hazardous Waste and its Export.
                     Article 3: National definition of hazardous waste.
                     - 3.1 As defined in Basel Convention on the Control of transboundary
                     Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, hazardous waste is that
                     any waste which due to their characteristics or having teratogenic and
                     mutagenic adverse impacts on the human and animal health or causing loss
                     of ecological balance.
                     - 3.2 Hazardous waste includes: wastes of organic peroxides, oxidizing in
                     contact with air, water, soil emit flammable or toxic gases, and radioactive,
                     flammable liquids or solid, explosive and corrosive.
                     - 3.3 The detailed definition of the hazardous waste exhibiting hazard
                     characteristics given in paragraph 2, Article 3, of this Law shall be defined
                     by the State Administrative Central Organization responsible for
                     environmental issues in co-operation with relevant qualified authorities.




                                                251
                        Mongolia regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                        included in Article 1 (1)a of the Basel convention and would be controlled
                        for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Article 1 (1)b.
                        In Mongolia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                        and/or Art. 1 (1)b that require special consideration when subjected to
                        transboundary movement.



 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                              Quantities
                                                                                              (in metric
                                                                                              tonnes)
                                                                                 1)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated
                                                                                 2)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes            No export
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes      No import
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
       1)      Estimated amounts. Amounts reported as: total amount of hazardous wastes generated
under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45): 1 915 000 m3 + total amount of hazardous wastes generated
under Art. 1 (1)b: 2 535 000 m3.
2)     Estimated amounts. Amounts reported as: wastes collected from households (Y46): 600 000 m3 + residues arising
       from the incineration of household wastes (Y47): 20 000 m3.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Mongolia is in a preparatory process of implementing the amendment to the
                 Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
 Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Mongolia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes for final
                        disposal and for recovery.




                                                       252
                  Restrictions on transit and import for final disposal and for recovery
                  Mongolia restricts the transit and import of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the
                  Mongolian Law on Prohibition of Import, Transboundary Movement of
                  Hazardous Waste and its Export. The Law entered into force from 3
                  November 2000:
                  - Article 4, Paragraph 1: Total prohibition on the import of f hazardous
                    wastes for the purpose of use, storage temporary placement and final
                    disposal in Mongolia.
                  - Article 4, Paragraph 2: Total prohibition on the transboundary movement
                    of hazardous wastes within the territory of Mongolia.
Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            - Minimization of the source generation of hazardous waste;
                  - Development of the Control and Monitoring of use of toxic chemicals;
Elimination of
                    and
Hazardous         - Improvement of Cleaner Production Technology.
Waste
Generation
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  - Mongolian Law on Environmental Protection, 1995;
                  - Mongolian Law on Environmental Impact Assessment, 1998;
                  - Mongolian Law on Banning Import, Transit of Hazardous Waste and its
                    Exporting, 2000; and
                  - National Program on Waste Reduction, 1999.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  New as well as renovation and expansion of existing production or services
                  or facilities and construction activities which generate hazardous waste of
                  toxic chemicals are subjected to require Environmental Impact Assessment.


Transboundary Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Movement      Mongolian Law on Banning Import, Transit of Hazardous Waste and its
              Exporting, 2000.
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/         None.
Recovery
Facilities


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


                                           253
Technical        None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                         254
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                       MOROCCO


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  28.12.1995 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:             Not yet as of 20.112002


             Competent Authority                                       Focal Point

Ministère de l‟Amenagement du Territoire, de           Same as the Competent Authority
  l‟Urbanisme, de l‟Habitat et de l‟Environnement
Departement de l‟Environnement
36, Avenue Al Abtal, Agdal, Rabat
tel: (212-37) 68-1500
fax: (212-37) 77-2756/0875
e-mail: DPSI@minenv.gov.ma
web site: www.minenv.gov.ma




National             The Draft Law on Waste Management and their Disposal foresees a list of
Definition           hazardous wastes, the importation of which will be banned. The Draft Law
                     defines “wastes” at national level, as residues coming from the production
                     process, from transformation or from utilization, all substances, materials,
                     products or more generally abandoned goods, meant to be discarded, or
                     disposed of with the aim of protecting the environment and the people.
                     The Draft Law on Waste Management and their Disposal foresees a list of
                     hazardous wastes at national level, the importation of which will be banned.
                     The Draft Law defines hazardous wastes as all wastes which because of the
                     elements constituting them, or by their noxious characteristics contained in
                     them are susceptible to harm the people and the environment, the list of
                     which is established by regulation.
                     The preparation of the list of hazardous wastes subject to import ban is
                     foreseen by the Law on Hazardous Wastes Management and their Disposal.
                     Morocco is in a preparatory process of identifying wastes other than those
                     pursuant to in Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                 255
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
     Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                987 000 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                    6 500 000 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              200
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes   No data
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1) Estimated amounts per year. Consists of amount of industrial wastes: 975 000mt + amount of
  contaminated clinical wastes: 12 000mt.
2) Figure refers to the estimated amount of household wastes (Y46).


 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Morocco. The Draft Law on Waste Management and its
 Movement
                    Disposal which is in the process of adoption foresees the banning of imports
                    of hazardous wastes, the list of which is established by law. This list is being
                    prepared.

                    Restrictions on export for final disposal
                    Morocco is in a preparatory process to restrict the export of hazardous wastes
                    and other wastes for final disposal. Legislation concerning the transboundary
                    movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal is being
                    adopted.
                    The export of hazardous wastes and other wastes to countries which do not
                    ban the import, and that have given specific written approval, is not banned
                    but submitted to authorization by the Governmental Authority for the
                    Environment. The authorization is granted in accordance with the Basel
                    Convention requirements. However, the Draft Law on Waste Management
                    and its Disposal stipulates that the export of hazardous wastes is banned to
                    countries that ban import and to countries that do not ban it in the absence of
                    specific written agreement.




                                               256
                 Restriction on export for recovery
                 Morocco is in a preparatory process to restrict the export of hazardous wastes
                 and other wastes for recovery. Legislation concerning the transboundary
                 movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery is being
                 adopted. The authorization of the country of import is required.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal
                 Morocco restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                 disposal. The Draft Law on Waste Management and its Disposal bans the
                 import of hazardous wastes and other wastes, list of which will be
                 determined by regulation. Morocco does not have any facility to dispose of
                 hazardous wastes and other wastes.

                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Morocco restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The Draft Law on Waste Management and its Disposal bans the
                 import of hazardous wastes for recovery. The import of non-hazardous
                 wastes according to the Draft Law is allowed if the wastes are managed in an
                 environmentally sound manner. The import of non-hazardous wastes is
                 subject to authorisation from the Competent Authority.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 The transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes in Morocco is in
                 accordance with the Basel Convention requirements. The proposed national
                 legislation concerning the management of wastes and their disposal
                 incorporates the prohibition of the transit of hazardous wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Study of the creation of a National Disposal Centre is under preparation. The
                 site for the center is being selected.
Elimination of
Hazardous        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste            The Law on Waste Management and its Disposal prepared by the concerned
Generation       departments is in the process of adoption. The Draft Law foresees 3
                 application decrees that are being prepared:
                 - Decree on the hazardous waste list;
                 - Decree on the disposal sites characteristics; and
                 - Decree on waste incineration.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Creation within the Department of Environment of the Fund for Industrial
                 Depollution (FODEP). The Fund is destined for industrial enterprises willing
                 to engage in depollution projects. 80% of the cost of the project can be
                 financed by FODEP according to the project type:
                 - Integrated project (20% donation and 20-60% of credit at medium or at
                    long term); and
                 - Approved Project (40% donation and 20-40% of credit at medium or at
                    long term).


                                           257
                    Others
                    - Some wastes are incinerated at the furnace of cement factories; and
                    - A project to create a waste stock market is currently being developed.




Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      Study of the creation of a National Disposal Centre is under preparation. The
              site for the center is being selected.
Reduction
Measures
                    Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                    The Law on Waste Management and its Disposal prepared by the concerned
                    departments is in the process of adoption. The Draft Law foresees 3
                    application decrees that are being prepared:
                    - Decree on the hazardous waste list;
                    - Decree on the disposal sites characteristics; and
                    - Decree on waste incineration.


Disposal/           Disposal facilities
Recovery            Morocco does not have any installation for waste disposal.
                    Establishment of an industrial waste treatment center is in preparation.
Facilities
                    Some wastes are incinerated at the furnace of cement factories
                    Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                    There are national enterprises specialized in waste recovery, particularly
                    textiles, plastic, glass, wood and cardboard.


Bilateral,          None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical           Moroccan Centre of Clean Production (CMPP). The CMPP plays a
Assistance and      coordinating as well as catalytic role of a natural cleaner production market
                    by means of:
Training
Available           - the promotion and dissemination of the concept of sustainable ecological
                      industrial development;
                    - improvement of the performance and competitiveness of the enterprise;
                      and
                    - making public opinion sensitive and aware of cleaner production
                      technologies.




                                               258
                                        Basel Convention
                                       Country Fact Sheet

                                   MOZAMBIQUE


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                     11.06.1997
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

        Ministry for Coordination of             Av. Acordos de Lusaka 2115 Maputo
Environmental Affairs                            tel: (258-1) 46-6863
Rua da Kassuende 167, Maputo                     fax: (258-1) 46-6862
tel: (258-1) 49-5269                             e-mail: hafidoa@hotmail.com
fax: (258-1) 46-6862



National               There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of
Definition             transboundary movements of waste in Mozambique.
                       The Environmental Law of 1997 (definitions section) defines hazardous
                       wastes and residues as substances destined for elimination, and posing a
                       risk to human health or the environment due to one or more of the
                       characteristics listed in the provision. The definition is in accordance with
                       the Annexes I, II and III of the Basel Convention.
                       Mozambique is in a preparatory process to regulate/control wastes defined
                       as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by national legislation in
                       accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel Convention.
                     In Mozambique, there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                259
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
   Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                   No data
                      Total amount of other wastes generated                       No data
   Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                 No data
   Movement           exported
                      Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes            No import
                      imported
*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Mozambique.
 Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Mozambique has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and
                        other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                        Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                        Mozambique restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                        final disposal and for recovery. Under the Environmental Law of 1997, the
                        importation of toxic residues or wastes is expressly prohibited for final
                        disposal and recovery, except under the terms of that would be established
                        under specific legislation. However, such legislation is not in existence yet.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Mozambique has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes.


 Reduction            Legislation, regulations and guidelines
 and/or               - EIA Regulation; and
                      - Environmental Law of 1997: Based on the relevant provision of the
 Elimination of
                        Constitution, the Environmental Law of 1997 provides a general
 Hazardous              framework for environmental protection, including management of
 Waste                  hazardous wastes. The purpose of the law is “to define the legal basis for
 Generation             the proper use and management of the environment and its elements in
                        order to establish a system of sustainable development” in the country.
                        The law includes several provisions addressing this issue. There is as yet
                        no specific legal instrument on the management of hazardous wastes, or
                        on export and import of such wastes. Work is underway to develop
                        several regulations under the law.
                                                 260
                  The following aspects of hazardous wastes management are addressed in the
                  Environment Law or a separate regulation: definition of hazardous wastes;
                  licensing system for persons managing waste and disposal facilities;
                  restriction/prohibition of export/import of hazardous wastes; and civil
                  liability and reparation of damage.

                  Others
                  In general terms, the Environmental Law of 1997 imposes strict liability on
                  persons who cause material damage to the environment. The State has the
                  right to assess the damage, fix the amount of compensation, and to take
                  countermeasures at the expense of the person causing the damage. The
                  provision does not relate to hazardous wastes specifically.


Disposal/         Licensing system for persons managing waste and disposal facilities: this is
Recovery          partly addressed in the regulation on environmental impact assessment.
Facilities        Open dump sites are managed by municipalities. A special waste site for an
                  aluminium plant exists which is a temporary arrangement. Site selection for a
                  national controlled disposal facility for hazardous wastes is made and
                  arrangements to set up this facility are in progress (in the Maputo area).


Bilateral,        Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of
Multilateral or   Transboundary Movement and management of Hazardous Wastes within
                  Africa.
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    Ministry of Environmental Affairs; Universidade Eduardo Mondlane;
                  INNOQ (National Institute for Normalization and Quality Control), and
Training
                  Centro Nacional de produccão mais limpa.
Available




                                            261
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                  NETHERLANDS


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               16.04.1993 (A)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                    22.01.2001


            Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

        Ministry for Housing, Spatial Planning   Internationaal Meldpunt Afvalstoffen
and the Environment                              PO Box 418
DGM/SAS                                          3440 AK Woerden
PO Box 30945                                     tel: (31-348) 48-7440
2500 GX The Hague                                fax: (31-348) 48-7404
Tel: (31-70) 339-4162
Fax: (31-70) 339-1283
web site: www.minvrom.nl




National               The Netherlands uses the EC definition of waste as described in EC
Definition             Directive 75/442, Article 1. For the purpose of transboundary movement of
                       waste, the Netherlands uses the EC definition of hazardous waste.
                     Netherlands regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not
                     included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and are controlled for the
                     purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These wastes
                     pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b are: lists of amber and red wastes (OECD-decision);
                     and hazardous wastes on the European Hazardous Waste List.
                     In addition, the unlisted wastes require special consideration when subjected
                     to transboundary movement and these wastes are controlled according to the
                     most stringent procedure (i.e. red-list).




                                                 262
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation           Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               2 722 828 1)
                           Total amount of other wastes generated                   92 601 2)
       Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              1 438 875 3)
       Movement            exported
                           Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes         408 690 4)
                           imported
*       Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**      Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
        1)      Figure refers to amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b. Hazardous
waste as defined in the national regulation “Besluit aanwijzing gevaarlijke afvalstoffen”. This
definition is used for national purposes. Wastes collected from households are not included. Consists of
contaminated soil: 508 335 mt; ship-cleaning waste: 444 148 mt; other hazardous wastes: 1 770 345
mt.
        2)      Consists of wastes collected from households (Y46): 1 397 mt + residues arising from
the incineration of household wastes (Y47): 91 204 mt.
3)      Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45):
        689 787 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)b: 540 702 mt + total
        amount of other wastes exported (Annex II: Y46-Y47): 208 386 mt. Figure excludes 5 709 mt
        of plastic wastes. Plastic wastes, though non-hazardous, are controlled due to the third country
        requirement for a notification procedure.
4)      Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes imported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45):
        145 936 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes imported under Art. 1 (1)b: 72 838 mt + total
        amount of other wastes imported (Annex II: Y46-Y47): 189 916 mt.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in the Netherlands. By amendment of the European Shipment
 Movement
                       Regulation, the export ban is implemented in all EU-countries.

                       Restrictions on export for final disposal
                       Netherlands restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                       final disposal. The relevant legislations are the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                       259/93; entry into force May 6th 1994; the Multi Year Plan on hazardous
                       waste; and the Ten Year Program on waste (non-hazardous including
                       household waste). The restriction covers all countries/regions and all wastes.
                       In general, the Netherlands objects to the export of all kinds of waste for
                       final disposal.



                                                  263
                 Restrictions on export for recovery
                 Netherlands restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                 259/93; entry into force May 6th 1994, as amended by Council Decision
                 97/640 of September 22nd 1997 (implementation of export ban). This
                 restriction covers those wastes not covered by the Basel Convention.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal
                 Netherlands restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 final disposal. The relevant legislations are the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                 259/93; entry into force May 6th 1994; the Multi Year Plan on hazardous
                 waste; and the Ten Year Program on waste (non-hazardous including
                 household waste). The restriction covers all countries/regions and all wastes.
                 In general the Netherlands does not allow import of waste for final disposal.

                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Netherlands restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                 259/93; entry into force May 6th 1994. According to the European Shipment
                 Regulation, article 7, section 4a, 5th indent, the Netherlands will object to an
                 import of waste if the amount of waste recovered is relatively small in
                 relation to the total amount.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Netherlands restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93; entry into
                 force May 6th 1994. According to the European Shipment Regulation
                 Member States may object to transit movements which are not in line with
                 European legislation (e.g. because of infringements of transport safety
                 regulations, or because of transit from non-EU to non-EU countries).



Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           - Multi Year Plan on hazardous waste;
                 - Ten Year Program on waste (non-hazardous including household waste);
Elimination of
                   and
Hazardous        - Cleaner production program: industries are encouraged to reduce the
Waste              amount of waste produced. Goal is the reduction of 10% relative to the
Generation         amount of waste. Most measures that are taken are optimization of
                   processes (better use of raw materials and internal recycling).

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 - Decree on landfill ban for specific hazardous and other waste.




                                            264
                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  - Tax on landfill; decision to increase tax for landfill of household waste
                    and combustible non-hazardous waste; and
                  - Tax-reduction for companies investing in environmentally friendly
                    technology, specified in an official Tax-regulation. Hundreds of
                    machines, systems, or specific additional installations are mentioned.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  - Specific measures at polluting industries (for example, a change over in
                    the process of Zinc production reduces the amount of waste
                    considerably); and
                  - Voluntary agreements with industry to reduce the amount of waste.

                  Others
                  - Governmental support: subsidies on quick scans focused on possibilities
                    to reduce waste, advises to industry; and
                  - Regulatory instruments: permitting procedures also take waste prevention
                    into account. General rules for small and intermediate sized companies.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      - Multi Year Plan on hazardous waste; and
              - Ten Year Program on waste (non-hazardous including household waste).
Reduction
Measures


Disposal/         Some of the facilities are:
Recovery          Disposal operations
                  - AVR Chemie, PO Box 1120, 3180 AC Rozenburg;
Facilities
                  - Akzo Nobel Chemicals, Welplaatweg 12, 3197 KS Rotterdam Botlek;
                  - Orion B.V., PO Box 553, 9200 AN Drachten, ATM Moerdijk B.V.,
                    Vlasweg 12, 4782 PW Moerdijk;
                  - Verstraeten & Verbrugge Milieubeheer B.V.,PO Box 445, 4530 AK
                    Terneuzen; and
                  - Argentia, Middenweg 7, 4782 PM Moerdijk, landfill sites and house hold
                    waste incinerators.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  - ATM Moerdijk B.V., Vlasweg 12, 4782 PW Moerdijk;
                  - Knowaste B.V., PO Box 5320, 6802 EH Arnhem;
                  - Ecotechniek, PO Box 40233, 3504 AA Utrecht;
                  - Jacomij Metalen Wijk bij Duurstede;
                  - Metabel Deurne; and
                  - Edelchemie, Panheel.
                  For a complete list and further information, the Competent Authority could
                  be contacted.


Bilateral,        A bilateral agreement with the Antilles (Netherlands) was effective between
Multilateral or   1 January 1999 and 31 December 2000, covering all types of hazardous
                                           265
Regional         waste for recovery and disposal in an incineration plant; disposal by way of
Agreements       landfill is not allowed.




Technical        The available sources are:
Assistance and   - National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, LAE, PO Box 1,
Training           3720 BA Bilthoven;
Available        - Waste Management Council, PO Box 19015, 3501 DA Utrecht;
                 - LMA, PO Box 241, 3440 AE Woerden;
                 - Association of Dutch Waste Processors, PO Box 135, 4840 AC Breda-
                   Prinsenbeek;
                 - Inspectorate of the Environment “Incident Room” phone +31 70 339
                   4341, fax +31 70 339 1301; and
                 - Association of Provinces (IPO), PO Box 97728, 2509 GC The Hague.
                 In 2000, a chair in solid waste management has been established at the IHE
                 Institute in Delft which offers training program for solid waste management,
                 either in Deft or in the country requesting for the training (Details:
                 sve@ihe.nl).




                                              266
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                  NEW ZEALAND


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 20.12.1994 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Ministry of Economic Development                  Ministry for the Environment
PO Box 1473, Wellington                           PO Box 10362, Wellington
tel: (64-4) 472-0030                              tel: (64-4) 917-7452
fax: (64-4) 499-0969                              fax: (64-4) 917-7523
e-mail: terry.collier@med.govt.nz                 e-mail: jonathan.coakley@mfe.govt.nz
web site: www.med.govt.nz                         web site: www.mfe.govt.nz


National             There is currently no national definition of waste. The Ministry for the
Definition           Environment has developed a National Waste Minimisation and
                     Management Strategy that includes a definition of waste. The Strategy
                     defines waste as:
                     "Any material, solid, liquid, or gas, that is unwanted and/or unvalued and
                     discarded or discharged".
                     The Strategy outlines changes necessary for an effective legal foundation for
                     waste management and the definition will be incorporated into any new
                     legislation.
                     The New Zealand Definition of Hazardous Waste, which is still under
                     development, will be used in the consideration of Basel/Waigani/OECD
                     import Consent Notifications but otherwise Basel definitions will continue to
                     apply. (the Draft New Zealand Definition of Hazardous Waste is annexed to
                     this CFS)

                     The new legislation, the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO)
                     Act 1996, will come into force on 2 July 2001. This will cover imports of all
                     materials defined as hazardous substances under the legislation including
                     those classed as wastes if (i) they exceed a specific threshold in one or more
                     of particular categories of flammability, explosiveness, capacity to oxidise,
                     corrosiveness, toxicity or eco-toxicity and (ii) have not previously been
                     transferred to, or approved under, the legislation.



                                                267
                     Therefore in some circumstances a material subject to an import notification
                     under Basel/OECD procedures may also require approval under HSNO. In
                     circumstances where a material has previously been transferred or approved
                     under HSNO no additional HSNO approval will be required but specific
                     control conditions (e.g. relating to disposal, transport or tracking etc) may
                     apply. However, some materials defined as hazardous wastes under
                     Basel/OECD definitions will not be defined as substances under the HSNO
                     (e.g. products such as lead acid batteries etc). The Environmental Risk
                     Management Authority (ERMA) is charged with implementing the HSNO
                     legislation and the New Zealand Competent Authority for Basel/OECD
                     procedures will liaise with ERMA on hazardous waste import issues.
                     In New Zealand there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b that require special consideration when subjected to
                     transboundary movement.



 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastesy*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                  Quantities
                                                                                  (in metric
                                                                                  tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              No data
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                  No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes             1 466 1)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes     11 100 2)
                          imported
*       Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**      Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1) Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45): 864
  mt + total amount of hazardous wastes exported under Art. 1 (1)b: 602 mt.
2) Figure refers to Y31.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                 implemented in New Zealand.
 Movement
                     Restrictions on export for final disposal
                     New Zealand restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                     final disposal. The relevant legislation is the Customs Export Prohibition
                     Order 1999 (replacing the 1994 and 1996 Orders). Country/region and waste
                     covered by this restriction are as per Basel Convention/OECD requirements.



                                               268
                 Restrictions on export for recovery
                 New Zealand restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislation is the Customs Export Prohibition Order
                 1999 (replacing the 1994 and 1996 Orders). Country/region and waste
                 covered by this restriction are as per Basel Convention/OECD requirements.
                 The Waigani Convention will come into force on 21 October 2001 and New
                 Zealand will then be prohibited from exporting hazardous wastes to Parties
                 to this Convention.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                 New Zealand restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Import Control
                 (Wastes) Prohibition Order 1994. Country/region and waste covered by this
                 restriction are as per Basel Convention/OECD requirements. The Waigani
                 Convention will come into force on 21 October 2001 and New Zealand will
                 then be able to consent to imports of hazardous wastes from Parties to this
                 Convention.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 New Zealand restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes, as
                 applied through relevant import and export regulations. Transit consents
                 required.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The New Zealand Waste Strategy has been developed to look for ways to
                 minimise New Zealand‟s waste and improve its management. The Strategy
Elimination of
                 includes four main work programmes:
Hazardous
Waste            - Institutions and legislation - ensuring we have a sound legal framework
Generation         for waste minimisation and management, with clear roles for central,
                   regional and local government; ensuring good planning, and compliance
                   with international conventions.
                 - Waste reduction and materials efficiency - developing tools and
                   techniques to reduce waste and maximise re-use, recycling and recovery;
                   removing obstacles to the use of recovered materials, and developing
                   economic incentives to change wasteful behaviour.
                 - Information and communication - collecting the right information on
                   waste minimisation and management; enhancing community
                   understanding of waste issues, and encouraging individual efforts to
                   reduce waste.
                 - Standards and guidelines - setting consistently high environmental
                   performance standards for waste treatment and disposal, transport and
                   storage; having all waste facilities account for the full cost of their
                   operation and charge accordingly.
                 The strategy sets national targets for dealing with various waste streams.
                 Some key targets relate to:
                 - Re-using and recycling high-volume wastes (eg, garden wastes, sewage
                   sludge, and building and demolition wastes).
                                            269
                   - Minimising and managing hazardous wastes (eg, organochlorines,
                     contaminated sites, and hazardous components in business waste).
                   - Upgrading waste disposal facilities (eg, closing or upgrading substandard
                     landfills and wastewater treatment plants).
                   - Charging waste generators the true environmental cost of treatment and
                     disposal (eg, charging full cost at landfills).

                   Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                   - Resource Management Act 1991;
                   - Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996; and
                   - Guidelines for the Management of Hazardous Waste (under development
                     by the Ministry for the Environment).

                   Economic instruments/initiatives
                   Encouragement for appropriate disposal pricing initiatives.

                   Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                   Sector based cleaner production initiatives.


Transboundary      National strategies/policies
Movement           The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
                   other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
Reduction
                   measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Measures           generation.
                   However, consents to export are subject to prior consideration of local
                   capabilities.

                   Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                   Guidelines for the management of hazardous waste are being developed,
                   initially focussing on record keeping and tracking of hazardous waste. There
                   are existing guidelines for best practice treatment and disposal of hazardous
                   waste that are to be reviewed.


Disposal/ Recovery Disposal facilities
Facilities         - Waste Resources Ltd, Auckland, gas fired incineration of pharmaceutical,
                     medical, solvent, plastic wastes etc. (D10);
                   - United Environmental Ltd, Auckland, limited land based treatment
                     facilities (D9); and
                   - Waste Management NZ Ltd, landfilling of limited types of materials (eg
                     asbestos) (D5).
                    Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                    - Exide NZ Ltd, Petone, Wellington, lead acid battery recovery (R4);
                    - Milburn Cement Ltd Westport, used lubricating oil recovery (R1);
                    - WPC Ltd Pukekohe, used lubricating oil recovery (R1); and
                    - BP/Castrol, Wellington, used lubricating oil recovery (R9).


                                             270
Bilateral,        - OECD Council decision C(92)39 Final; Decision of the Council
Multilateral or     concerning the control of Transfrontier Movements of Hazardous Wastes
                    Destined for recovery Operations effective since 30 March 1992; and
Regional
                  - The Waigani Convention agreement for Pacific Forum countries which
Agreements          enables New Zealand to take wastes from pacific island countries for
                    recovery, disposal or transit when the exporter is not a Basel
                    Convention/OECD Party, effective since 21 October 2001.


Technical         - Director, Centre for Sustainable Management, Dept of Civil and Resource
Assistance and      Engineering, University of Auckland, Private Bag, 92019, Auckland.
Training
Available




                                           271
Draft New Zealand Definition of Hazardous Waste
Hazardous waste is any waste1 that:
 Contains hazardous substances at sufficient concentrations to exceed the minimum degrees of
   hazard specified by Hazardous Substances (Minimum Degrees of Hazard) Regulations 2000 under
   the Hazardous Substances and New Organism Act 1996, or
 Meets the definition for infectious substances included in the Land Transport Rule: Dangerous
   Goods 1999 and NZ Standard 5433: 1999 – Transport of Dangerous Goods on Land2, or
 Meets the definition for radioactive material included in the Radiation Protection Act 1965 and
   Regulations 19823.
1
  Waste is defined as any material, whether it is liquid, solid or gas, that is unwanted and unvalued and
discarded or discharged by its holder. In the context of defining waste, “unwanted and unvalued”
relates, but is not limited to, any material from the categories listed in Table 1.

Table 1: Categories of materials that are unwanted or unvalued
This list is taken from Table 1 of OECD Decision C(88)90(Final).
W1      Production residues not otherwise specified below
W2      Off-specification products
W3      Products whose date for appropriate use has expired
W4      Materials spilled, lost or having undergone other mishap including any materials,
        equipment etc. contaminated as a result of the mishap
W5      Materials contaminated or soiled as a result of planned actions (e.g. residues from
        cleaning operations, packing materials, containers, etc.)
W6      Unusable parts (e.g. reject batteries, exhausted catalysts, etc.)
W7      Substances which no longer perform satisfactorily (e.g. contaminated acid,
        contaminated solvents, exhausted tempering salts, etc.)
W8      Residues of industrial processes (e.g. slags, still bottoms, etc.)
W9      Residues from pollution abatement processes (e.g. scrubber sludges, baghouse dusts,
        spent filters, etc.)
W10 Machining/finishing residues (e.g. lathe turnings, mill scales, etc.)
W11 Residues from raw materials processing (e.g. mining residues, oil field slops, etc.)
W12 Adulterated materials (e.g. oils contaminated with PCBs, etc.)
W13 Any materials, substances or products whose use has been banned by law in the
        country of exportation
W14 Products for which there is no further use (e.g. agriculture, household, office,
        commercial and shop discards, etc.)
W15 Materials, substances or products resulting from remedial actions with respect to
        contaminated land
W16 Any materials, substances or products which the generator or exporter declares to be
        wastes and which are not contained in the above categories
2
   Substances known, or reasonably expected, to contain pathogens, including bacteria, viruses,
ricksettia, parasites, fungi or recombinant micro-organisms (hybrid or mutant) that are known, or
reasonably expected, to cause infectious disease in humans or animals that are exposed to them.
3
  Radioactive material means any article containing a radioactive substance giving it a specific
radioactivity exceeding 100 kilobecquerels per kilogram and a total radioactivity exceeding 3
kilobecquerels.
                                                  272
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                       NORWAY


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                              02.07.1990 (r)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                  16.07.1997


            Competent Authority                                   Focal Point

Ministry of Environment                         Norwegian Pollution Control Authority
Postbox 8013 Dep                                Postbox 8100Dep
0030 Oslo, Norway                               0032 Oslo, Norway
Tel: (47-22) 24-5803                            tel: (47-22) 57-3400
Fax: (47-22) 24-9560                            fax: (47-22) 67-6706
e-mail: postmottak@md.dep.no                    e-mail: postmottak@sft.no
web site: www.miljo.no                          web site: www.sft.no




National             Waste means discarded objects or substances. Waste also includes
Definition           superfluous objects from service activities, production and treatment plants
                     etc. Waste water and exhaust gases are not regarded as waste.
                     Special waste means waste which cannot be appropriately treated together
                     with consumer waste because of its size, or because it may lead to serious
                     pollution or risk of injury to persons or animals (hazardous waste).
                     Norway has implemented EU regulation 259/93 with the attached waste lists
                     in EU regulation 2408/98 which i.a. contains the Basel Convention‟s annex
                     VIII and IX (A and B lists).
                     Some oily and chemical wastes from the offshore industry require special
                     consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.




                                               273
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
       Generation           Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              650 000 1)
                            Total amount of other wastes generated                  1 450 000 2)
       Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              116 698
       Movement             exported
                            Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       175 381 3)
                            imported
*       Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**      Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***     Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    The amounts are based on surveys made in 1988 and 1994 for art. 1(1)a wastes.
2)    Waste slag is not included.
3)      Includes the amount of Aluminium containing wastes imported: 108 252 mt.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in Norway.
Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Norway restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is General regulation of
                        30th December 1994 on transboundary movement of waste (which is the
                        implementation of EU regulation 259/93). The restriction covers non-OECD
                        countries.

                        Restrictions on transit and import for final disposal and for recovery
                        Norway has the same restrictions on the transit and import of hazardous
                        wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery as the Basel
                        Convention. The relevant legislation is General Regulation of 30th December
                        1994 on transboundary movement of waste.


Transboundary           National strategies/policies
Movement                A semi-governmental company got a license in 1997 to build a pretreatment
                        facility (started operating in 1999) for organic hazardous waste which is
Reduction
                        incinerated in a cement factory in Norway. This company also runs a
Measures                treatment facility for landfilling inorganic hazardous waste. The waste is
                        landfilled in an old mine after having undergone a chemical treatment. The
                        landfill has been under continuous upgrading and got a new license in 1997.



                                                  274
Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Approximately 10 facilities are licensed to dispose specific types of
                  hazardous wastes.
Facilities
                  For a complete list, the Focal Point could be contacted.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Approximately 5 facilities are licensed to recover specific types of hazardous
                  wastes. Approximately 20 facilities are licensed to incinerate waste oil of
                  specified quality.

                  For a complete list, the Focal Point could be contacted.


Bilateral,        The OECD decision of 30 March 1992 C(92)39 FINAL
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                             275
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                            OMAN


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                    08.02.1995 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:              Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                       Focal Point

The Ministry of Regional Municipalities,           Same as the Competent Authority
  Environment and Water Resources
Director General of Environmental Affairs
P.O. Box 323, Muscat 113
tel: (968) 69-2535
fax: (968) 69-2462
e-mail: oman_environment@yahoo.com




National             Definition of “waste” and “hazardous waste” is the same: “Waste that
Definition           maintains its toxic, explosive and combusting properties, or its capability to
                     cause corrosion, or having radiation activity of more than 100 Becquerels per
                     gramme, and which by its nature, formulation, quantities or otherwise poses
                     a risk to human health and life, or to the environment, whether by itself or as
                     a result of its contact with other waste”. (This is the English translation of the
                     official version, which is in Arabic, from the new Royal Decree 114/2001
                     dated December 2001 and this provides update to the original Law which
                     was issued in 1982).
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Oman there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                     Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                     subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                 276
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation        Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 242 098 1)
                        Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
     Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               1 036
     Movement           exported
                        Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes         No import
                        imported
*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
      1)     Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I:
Y1-Y45). No data available for the Salalah City areas in the south of Oman.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Oman.
 Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Oman restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are the Law on the
                      Conservation of the Environment and Prevention of Pollution, issued by
                      Royal Decree Number 114/2001 and entered into force in December 2001;
                      and Regulations for the Management of Hazardous Waste, issued by
                      Ministerial Decision Number 18/93 and entered into force on 2nd February
                      1993. (This provides update to the original Law which was issued in 1982).
                      The restriction covers all countries and all wastes.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Oman restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are the Law on the
                      Conservation of the Environment and Prevention of Pollution, issued by
                      Royal Decree Number 114/2001 and entered into force in December 2001;
                      and Regulations for the Management of Hazardous Waste, issued by
                      Ministerial Decision Number 18/93 and entered into force on 2nd February
                      1993. (This provides update to the original Law which was issued in 1982).
                      The restriction covers all countries and all wastes.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Oman has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.



                                                277
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Ongoing Remedial Action Master plans in respect of hazardous waste
                 treatment and recycling of hazardous organic solvents from pharmaceutical
Elimination of
                 manufacturing and crude oil industry wastes.
Hazardous
Waste            Cleaner production technology and waste minimization plan is now required
Generation       at industrial development planning stage in issuing clearance for
                 environmental permit.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 - Regulations for the Management of Hazardous Waste;
                 - Oilfield Production Water Management Plan;
                 - Master Plan for Groundwater Pollution Protection; and
                 - Law on Protection of Sources of Potable Water from Pollution.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Self-driven economics related to cost saving and re-use benefits in
                 preference to disposal costs.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Reed bed technology experiments have now led to the full scale pilot project
                 for the removal of hydrocarbons and heavy metals from oilfield production
                 water.
                 Cyanide based gold extraction process – all tailings are press dried and
                 filtrate is recycled. Dry Press cake is deposited in securely lined dam.
                 Constant monitoring programme is in place with over 100 sample analyses
                 per month.

                 Others
                 Saponification plant set up to convert waste cooking oil into soap.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         Direct monitoring and control by the Competent Authority which is also the
                 National Regulatory Body for Environmental Affairs. A full Department is
Reduction
                 tasked with waste management and control as well as pollution prevention.
Measures         Regular and random site inspections take place all over the country.
                 A national Hazardous Waste Management Project is currently being
                 developed so as to collect, transport, treat and dispose of all hazardous waste
                 arising in Oman that will require disposal. This is expected to be operating
                 by 2004. It is expected that the cost of waste treatment and disposal will
                 create reduction of generated quantities. Initial tender bids for the project are
                 invited early 2002. Completion stage anticipated by 2004.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 Regulations for the Management of Hazardous Waste.



                                             278
                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  Financial penalties for violation of environmental law.
                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  There are indications of in-house house waste minimization activities now
                  starting to take place due to impending charges for hazardous waste
                  reception, treatment and disposal as part of the forthcoming national
                  hazardous waste management project.



Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          - Oman Mining Company, cyanide based (dried) tailings from gold
                    extraction, landfill (secure storage), tailings dam (D5); and lined
Facilities
                    evaporation ponds for electrolyte slurries for copper refining and cyanide
                    bleed streams (D4);
                  - Petroleum Development of Oman Company, hazardous waste
                    management facilities for chemical waste (D5) and oil contaminated soil
                    (D2 followed by D1);
                  - Oman Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Company, chemical sludges and
                    residues from pharmaceutical manufacture, secure storage (D15); and
                  - Oman Liquefied Natural Gas Company, hazardous waste management
                    facilities for chemical and industrial waste, secure storage (D15).
                  All hazardous waste arising in Oman are monitored by the competent
                  authority on a constant basis. All data is recorded in the national hazardous
                  waste database.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  None.


Bilateral,        The Kuwait Regional Convention for Cooperation on the Protection of the
Multilateral or   Marine Environment from Pollution has been signed in March 1998 between
                  Oman, Kuwait and all Gulf States of the Arabian Gulf Region Seas. All
Regional          categories of hazardous wastes in accordance with the Annexes of the Basel
Agreements        Convention, with special focus on marine impacts are covered.


Technical         The available source is:
Assistance and    Ministry of Regional Municipalities, Environment and Water Resources,
Training          Director General of Environmental Affairs.
Available




                                             279
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                        PANAMA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                              22.02.1991 (r)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                07.10.1998


             Competent Authority                                  Focal Point

Department of Environmental Health                Department of Environmental Health
Ministry of Health                                Ministry of Health
Calle Gorgas, Ancon, Edificio 265                 Calle Gorgas, Ancon, Edificio 265
Apartado 2048, Panama 1                           Apartado 2048, Panama 1
tel: (507) 212-9274/9271/9412                     tel: (507) 212-9274/9271/9412
fax: (507) 212-9286/9487                          fax: (507) 212-9286/9487
e-mail: despel@sinfo.net



National             There is a national definition of waste used for the purpose of
Definition           transboundary movements of waste.
                     Toxic or pollutant wastes are any substance, radioactive or not, with
                     elements that immediately or after some delay are capable of causing harm
                     to human health or to any kind of animal or plant life, or produce effects
                     harmful to the ecological balance of the country.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Panama there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special
                     consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in Panama.
Movement
                     Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                     Panama has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                     wastes for final disposal and for recovery.



                                                280
                  Restrictions on import for final disposal
                  Panama restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal. The relevant legislations are the Act No. 8 of 7 June 1991, which
                  prohibits the importation of toxic or pollutant wastes into the territory of the
                  Republic of Panama; and the Act No. 13 of 21 April 1995, Regional
                  Agreement on Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes, which
                  covers Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

                  Restrictions on import for recovery
                  Panama restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                  recovery. The relevant legislation is the Act No. 8 of 7 June 1991, which
                  prohibits the importation of toxic or pollutant wastes into the territory of the
                  Republic of Panama.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  In Panama the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes by land is
                  forbidden and it must comply with registration and control in order to be able
                  to transit via the Panama Canal.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            Framework Law on the Management of Hazardous Wastes, which includes
                  articles on waste minimisation.
Elimination of
Hazardous         Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Waste             The “Regulatory Framework of Hazardous Wastes Management” is under
Generation        discussion.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  In preparation.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          Cerro Patacon sanitary landfill, sanitary landfill for non-hazardous wastes.
Facilities        Further information could be obtained from “Direccion Municipal de Aseo
                  Urbano y Domiciliario”.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  - Panama refinery, refining of petroleum and its derivatives (R9);
                  - Eco-Klean S.A., processing of waste oil (R9);
                  - Derivados de Petroleo S.A., industry for asphalt emulsion (R1); and
                  - Procesos y Analisis Metalogicos, S.A., processing and analysis of metals
                    (PB) (R4).


Bilateral,        Regional Agreement on the Transboundary Movements of Hazardous
Multilateral or   Wastes (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and
                  Panama), effective 21 April 1995, ban on importation from non-Party
Regional
                  countries.
Agreements

                                             281
Technical        None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                         282
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                            PAPUA NEW GUINEA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               01.09.1995 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:         Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Director                                         Same as the Competent Authority
Office of Environment and Conservation
P.O. Box 6601, Boroko, NCD
tel: (675) 325-0180
fax: (675) 325-0182




National             Papua New Guinea is preparing a national definition of waste and hazardous
Definition           waste to be used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste.
                     The Environmental Contaminants Act (1978) does not define waste or
                     hazardous waste, however it defines “hazardous environmental contaminant”
                     as a substance registered under section 32 (2) as a hazardous environmental
                     substance. Section 32 (2) states … The Minister may, by notice publish in
                     the National Gazette, declare a substance to be hazardous environmental
                     contaminant, and register it in Part I of the Register as a hazardous
                     environmental contaminant. The hazardous environmental contaminants
                     Register basically deals with pesticides. The Environment Act 2000 (EA)
                     defines hazardous contaminants as a substance prescribed by regulation as a
                     hazardous environmental contaminant under Section133(2).
                     Papua New Guinea regulates/controls additional wastes defined as, or
                     considered to be hazardous wastes by national legislation in accordance with
                     Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel Convention. These wastes are: materials
                     containing radionuclides; obsolete chemicals, such as chlorine gas in
                     cylinders for recovery.
                     In Papua New Guinea there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1
                     (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special
                     consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.



                                               283
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)

                                                                                  Quantities
                                                                                  (in metric
                                                                                  tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               No data
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes             3
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes        No import
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary Papua New Guinea is in a preparatory process of implementing the
                amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Papua New Guinea has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and
                      other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Papua New Guinea is in a preparatory process to restrict import of hazardous
                      wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery. Necessary
                      policies are under preparation.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Papua New Guinea has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and
                      other wastes. However, review of Environment Legislation will include this
                      matter.


Reduction             National strategies/policies
and/or                In preparation.
Elimination of
                      Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Hazardous             Industry specific environmental codes of practice.
Waste
Generation
                      Economic instruments/initiatives
                      Not in place.
                                              284
Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          The National Waste Strategy is being developed.
Reduction
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures          Draft Hazardous Substance Regulation to be reviewed and updated.

                  Economic instruments/initiatives
                  Not in place.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Information is not available.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          None.
Facilities        Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  - Lae Battery Services, Josey St., Lae, Morobe Province, collection,
                    packaging and export of drained lead acid batteries (R4);
                  - PNG Recycling, P.O. Box 3647, Boroko, NCD, collection, packaging and
                    export of drained lead acid batteries (R4); and
                  - Pondrilei Recycling PTY Ltd., P.O. Box 647, Lae, Morobe Province,
                    collection, packaging and export of paper, cardboard and PET plastic.


Bilateral,        The Waigani Convention (1992), concerning the movement and trade of
Multilateral or   hazardous wastes within the Pacific Region.
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Some of the available source are:
Assistance and    - Office of Environment and Conservation, P.O. Box 6601, Boroko, NCD;
Training          - University of Papua New Guinea, P.O.Box 320, University P.O., NCD;
Available         - PNG University of Technology, PMB, Lae, Morobe Province;
                  - International Revenue Commission – Customs, P.O. Box 777, Pt
                    Moresby, NCD; and
                  - Maritime Division, Department of Transport, P.O. Box 1489, Pt Moresby,
                    NCD.
                  A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.




                                            285
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                         PARAGUAY


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               28.09.1995 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                 28.08.1998


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Direccion de Planificacion Estrategica            Same as the Competent Authority
Secretaria del Ambiente
Madame Lynch 1500 Asuncion
tel: (595-21) 61-5809
fax: (595-21) 61-5809
e-mail: gildat@pol.com.py



National             Hazardous wastes are those wastes of industrial processes or others, that
Definition           because of their toxic (corrosive), explosive (reactive), inflammable,
                     carcinogenic (teratogenic) or mutagenic, radioactive characteristics they
                     can cause morbility or mortality in the living population and adverse
                     effects to the environment.
                     For the purpose of this Regulation the table of categories of hazardous
                     wastes adopted by the Basel Convention included in Annex I, shall be
                     considered.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Paraguay there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                implemented in Paraguay.
Movement



                                                286
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                  Paraguay has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                  wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                  Paraguay restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal and for recovery.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Paraguay restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. In the
                  MERCOSUR Treaty (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay), the authorities
                  are trying to introduce articles of the Basel, POP‟s and PIC Conventions.

Disposal/         None.
Recovery
Facilities


Bilateral,        MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay).
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are: Sobrevivencia ONGs; Altervida ONGs; SENASA
Assistance and    – Ministry of Health; and Univesidad de quimica.
Training
Available




                                            287
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                             PERU


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  23.11.1993 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:            Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                       Focal Point

        Office of the Director-General for                  Ministry of Industry, Tourism,
Environmental Health                                Integration and International Trade Negotiations
        Ministry of Health                          Office of the Deputy Minister for Industry
Las Amapolas 350 Lince-Lima                         Office of the National Director for Industries
tel: (51-1) 442-8353/6                                      Office of the Director for Environmental
fax: (51-1) 440-6562                                Affairs
e-mail: pchavez@digesa.sld.pe                       Calle Uno Oeste No. 50
        agonzale@digesa.sld.pe                      Urbanización Corpac, San Isidro, Lima 27
                                                    tel: (51-1) 224-3275
        Ministry of Industry, Tourism,              fax: (51-1) 224-3264
Integration and International Trade Negotiations    e-mail: ambien@mitinci.gob.pe
Office of the Deputy Minister for Industry                  camorad@mitinci.gob.pe
Office of the National Director for Industries              mrosas@mitinci.gob.pe
        Office of the Director for Environmental
Affairs
Calle Uno Oeste No. 50
Urbanización Corpac, San Isidro, Lima 27
tel: (51-1) 224-3275
fax: (51-1) 224-3264
e-mail: ambien@mitinci.gob.pe
        camorad@mitinci.gob.pe
        mrosas@mitinci.gob.pe




                                                   288
National         There is no definition of waste for the purpose of transboundary movements
Definition       of wastes; however, there is a General Solid Wastes Act, Act No. 27314
                 published on 21 July 2000, in which the following definition of solid wastes
                 is laid down:
                 Article 14 – Definition of solid wastes
                 Solid wastes are those substances, products or by-products in solid or semi-
                 solid state which the generator of such wastes disposes of, or is required to
                 dispose of, by virtue of the provisions of national regulations or because of
                 the risks they cause to health and the environment, for management by
                 means of a system including the following operations or processes, as
                 appropriate: waste minimization; segregation at source; resupply; storage;
                 collection; commercialization; and transport.
                 This definition has made it possible for the population to identify solid
                 wastes and all wastes declared as such must be subject to the corresponding
                 provisions, including, for example, the provisions of the Basel Convention.
                 The definition of hazardous waste is in accordance with the Basel
                 Convention.
                 Furthermore, the General Solid Wastes Act, Act No 27314, states:
                 Article 22 – Definition of hazardous solid wastes
                 22.1 The hazardous solid wastes are those that by its characteristics or
                 management, could represent a important risk for the health or environment.
                 22.2 Without prejudice of the international standard in force for the country,
                 the hazardous solid wastes are those with the following characteristics: self
                 combustible, explosive, corrosive, reactive, toxic, radioactive or pathogenic.
                 There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                 national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                 Convention.
                 The import of all types of waste is controlled in Peru and those which have
                 been shown not to be hazardous are admitted.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in Peru.
Movement
                  Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                  Peru does not restrict the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                  final disposal and for recovery. The exporter must ask the Ministry of
                  Health's DIGESA to apply procedure No. 44 on Notifying the importing
                  Country for the export of hazardous wastes with certain requirements
                  specific to this procedure having to be complied with under the Single Text
                  of Administrative Procedures in the Health Sector (Regulation promulgated
                  by means of Supreme Decree No. 002-99-SA). However, this procedure is
                  not a restriction.

                  Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                                            289
Peru restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are:
- The Supreme Decree No. 036-88-SA entered into force in 1988.
The entry into the national territory of all types of wastes or any other waste
material resulting from a process of production, extraction or processing, use
or consumption is prohibited; as well as radioactive wastes.
Included in the ban laid down in the previous article are materials or by-
products which are capable of being reused or consumed for industrial
purposes, with the exception of those in respect of which it has been reliably
certified that they will not cause any damage or negative impact on public
health or the environment in the course of local processing or reuse.
- Act 27314 - General Solid Wastes Act, entered into force on 22 July 2000
Article 17, Introduction of wastes - The import of solid wastes into the
national territory is prohibited. Only exceptionally shall the import of solid
wastes destined exclusively for recycling, reuse or recovery activities be
permitted, subject to prior substantiated authorization issued in the form of a
decision by the Ministry of Health's DIGESA. This authorization shall be
granted for successive import operations in a specific period, once it has
been shown that the same type of waste originating from the same source of
supply is to be imported.
This restriction is applicable throughout the Country and for the wastes
specified in it.

Restrictions on transit
Peru restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The relevant
legislations are:
- Act 27314 - General Solid Wastes Act, entered into force on 22 July 2000
Article 17.- Introduction of wastes
17.2 No authorization for import or transit through the national territory shall
be granted for wastes which, by virtue of their radioactive nature or their
handling requirements, are hazardous for human health and the environment.
The Office of the Director-General for Captaincies and Coastguards of the
Navy of the Ministry of Defence may prohibit entry to national waters and
ports to vessels which are carrying wastes as transit cargo if they do not
comply with the transport safety norms and formalities for legal entry into
the national territory for transit purposes laid down in international
Agreements signed by Peru and other legal norms in force.
- Basel Convention Legislative Resolution No. 26234 in force since 21
  February 1994.
The restrictions cover all countries at the international level and all types of
waste.
Furthermore, all countries soliciting transit of hazardous waste must inform,
with the notification, the following: contract between exporter and importer;
                           290
                 bank guarantees; list of forwarders; quantity of recyclable material in relation
                 to waste (%); transit countries; and description of the process and recycling
                 Plant (destination).


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           - Implementation of regulations under an Act based on the principle of
                   minimization of solid wastes. In this regard it promotes:
Elimination of
                    - Development and use of production and marketing technologies,
Hazardous              methods, practices and         processes which encourage the
Waste                  minimization or reuse of solid wastes and their proper handling.
Generation          - Encouragement of the Reuse of solid wastes and the additional
                       adoption of processing practices and proper final disposal, etc.
                 - Surveillance of enterprises which handle imported wastes for preventive
                   purposes, identifying risks, proposing proper monitoring which does not
                   endanger occupational and public health and the environment.
                 - Promotion of recycling oriented towards the use of industrial waste
                   exchanges and validation of clean technologies which market wastes
                   presented as products subject to quality control.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 - Supreme Decree No. 036-88-SA, banning the import into the national
                   territory of all types of wastes, entered into force in 1988;
                 - Act 27314 - General Solid Wastes Act, entered into force on 22 July
                   2000;
                 - Technical Guide for the Proper Handling of Polychlorinated Biphenyl
                   Wastes; and
                 - Guide for the Management of Solid Hospital Wastes

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Certification of enterprises which handle solid wastes as solid waste service
                 providers which will be duly registered.
                 Implementation of a set of charges on the basis of technical criteria which
                 ensure fairness in investment in obtaining the service.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Organization of the industry through industry unions for the purpose of
                 dissemination of the regulations under the General Wastes Act so that all
                 businessmen enjoy the benefits of being familiar with them, ensuring their
                 certification and compliance with obligations and enjoyment of their rights.
                 Cleaning up of activities related to Solid Wastes in their sphere of activity.

                 Others
                 Establishment of audit machinery which will guarantee the proper
                 development of solid waste management
                 Introduction of information systems which will allow monitoring of
                 achievements and shortcomings in the area of solid waste management.


                                             291
Transboundary     National strategies/policies
Movement          Health Surveillance Programme at border points in coordination with
                  Customs, so that only wastes of value and not hazardous wastes enter the
Reduction
                  Country.
Measures
                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  - Act 27314 - General Solid Wastes Act, entered into force on 22 July
                    2000; and
                  - Procedure No. 45 on Health Authorization for the import of non-
                    hazardous wastes under the Single Text of Administrative Procedures in
                    the Health Sector.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  - Promotion of the use of industrial waste exchanges; and
                  - Implementation of the Basel Convention and regulations under the
                    General Solid Wastes Act - Act 27314.

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Organization of the industry through industry unions for dissemination of the
                  regulations under the General Wastes Act so that all businessmen enjoy the
                  benefits of being familiar with them, ensuring their certification and
                  compliance with obligations and enjoyment of their rights.
                  Cleaning up of activities related to Solid Wastes in their sphere of activity.

                  Others
                  Promotion of recycling and the use of clean technologies.


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          - Portillo Grande, Lurin, Relima, sanitary landfill, area method (D1);
                  - Zapallal, Puente Piedra, Relima, sanitary landfill, area method (D1); and
Facilities
                  - Huaycoloro, Huarochiri, Petramas, sanitary landfill, area method (D1).
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  - Corporation Aceros Arequipa, infrastructure: electric-arc furnace, ladle
                    furnace (R4); and
                  - Tecnofil S.A., electric furnace (R4).


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements




                                            292
Technical        The available sources are:
Assistance and   - Programa Bianual en Salud Ambiental (EPH) de la Organizacion
Training           Panamericanade la Salud (OPS);
Available        - Red Panamericana de Manejo Ambiental de Residuos Solidos
                   (REPAMAR) de la Agencia de Cooperation Alemana (GTZ); and
                 - Proyecto de Gestions Ambiental de la AID.




                                              293
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                         POLAND


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                 22.03.1992 (r)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                     29.01.2003


             Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Chief Inspector                                     Treaty Department
Chief Inspectorate for Environmental Protection     Ministry of Foreign Affairs
ul. Wawelska 52/54, 00-922 Warsaw                   J. Ch. Szucha 23, 00-580 Warsaw
tel: (48-22) 825-1104                               tel: (48-22) 523-94 24
fax: (48-22) 825-1104                               fax: (48-22) 523-38 329
e-mail: kpanek@pios.gov.pl                          e-mail: Jan.Michalowski@msz.gov.pl
web site: www.pios.gov.pl                           web site: www.msz.gov.pl


National             In the light of the Act on Waste of 27 April 2001 (O.J. of 2 June 2001,
Definition           No.62, Item 628; came into force in October 2001) “waste” shall mean any
                     substance or object in one of the categories listed in Annex I to this Act with
                     the holder thereof discards or intends or is required to discard.
                     In the light of the Act on Waste of 27 April 2001 (came into force in October
                     2001), “hazardous waste” shall mean waste:
                     1) belonging to the categories or types of waste featuring in List A in Annex
                        2 to this Act and displaying at least one of the properties enumerated in
                        Annex 4 to this Act, or
                     2) belonging to the categories or types of waste featuring in List B in Annex
                        2 to this Act, containing any of the constituents enumerated in Annex 3
                        and displaying at least one of the properties enumerated in Annex 4 to this
                        Act.
                     Annex 2 features categories or types of hazardous waste. Annex 3 features
                     constituents of wastes which render them hazardous.
                     The Minister responsible for the environment laid down the ordinance on the
                     waste catalogue (O.J. of 2001, No. 112, Item 1206). The new national list of
                     hazardous wastes is part of the waste catalogue. New waste classification is
                     consistent with EU classification.
                     National list of hazardous waste is defined in the ordinance of the Minister of
                     Environment on the waste catalogue (O.J. of 2001, No. 112, Item 1206).
                     Wastes are divided into 20 groups, depending on source of generation.
                     National list of hazardous waste is similar to Basel Convention Annexes I

                                                  294
                        and II list of waste, but it is not identical.
                        In Poland there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or
                        Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when
                        subjected to transboundary movement.



 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                           Quantities (in
                                                                                           metric
                                                                                           tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                        1 627 143 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                            12 422 105 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                      8 368
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                 No import
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b. Data incomparable with previous
      years in view of new waste classification.
2)    Data incomparable with previous years in view of new waste classification.




 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Poland is in a preparatory process of ratification of the amendment to the
                 Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
 Movement
                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Poland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal and recovery. The relevant legislation is the Act on Waste of 27
                        April 2001,art. 66. The restriction covers all countries. Hazardous waste
                        exports can take place with authorization from the Chief Inspector for
                        Environmental Protection provided that the requirements set out in Article
                        66 par. 2 are satisfied. The same provisions shall apply respectively to
                        shipments of hazardous waste trough the territory of the State of Poland.
                        Non-hazardous waste exports do not require authorization from the Chief
                        Inspector for Environmental Protection.

                        Restrictions on import for final disposal
                        Poland restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal. The relevant legislation is the Act on Waste of 27 April 2001, art.
                        65. The restriction covers all countries. The import of hazardous waste and
                        other waste for final disposal is totally prohibited.


                                                      295
                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Poland restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislation is the Act on Waste of 27 April 2001, art.
                 65. The restriction covers all countries. Hazardous waste imports can take
                 place with authorization from the Chief Inspector for Environmental
                 Protection, issued by way of a decision, provided that the requirements set
                 out in Article 65 par. 8 are satisfied. Import of waste mixed with objects or
                 substances which are not waste, will be prohibited. By way of a regulation,
                 the minister responsible for the environment shall lay down the types of
                 hazardous waste authorised for import, the period over which such types of
                 waste may be imported and their quantities, taking into account the needs of
                 the national economy and the feasibility of their recovery in a manner
                 presenting no danger to human life and health and to the environment.
                 Import of non-hazardous waste shall be effected only upon authorisation by a
                 decision of the Chief Inspector for Environmental Protection. Regulations
                 concerning authorisation of non-hazardous waste imports shall apply
                 respectively to authorisation of hazardous waste imports. The minister
                 responsible for the environment laid down the ordinance on the list of wastes
                 whose import do not require a permit of the Chief Inspector for
                 Environmental Protection (O.J. of 14 April 1998, No.47, Item 299, as
                 amended on 14 March 2000, O.J. of 8 April 2000, No. 20, Item 251).

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Poland restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislation is the Act on Waste of 27 April 2001, art. 66. The
                 restriction covers all countries. Hazardous waste transit can take place with
                 authorization from the Chief Inspector for Environmental Protection
                 provided that the requirements set out in Article 66 par.2 are satisfied. Non-
                 hazardous waste transit does not require authorization from the Chief
                 Inspector for Environmental Protection.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The reduction of hazards posed by hazardous waste is one of the priorities of
                 the National Environmental Policy. Passing the National Plan on Waste
Elimination of
                 Management by the Council of Ministers is planned till the end of October
Hazardous        2002.
Waste
Generation       Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 The new Act on Waste regulates the issues related to hazardous waste
                 management.
                 Compared with the previous Act, the new Act imposes more demanding
                 standards for the landfill and incineration of waste (in line with the EU
                 requirements). The system of permits for the generation and further handling
                 of hazardous waste will be maintained. The obligations of economic
                 operators and the administration in the scope of information is expanded.


                                           296
                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  The Act on Economic Operators‟ Obligations in the Scope of Managing
                  Certain Types of Waste and on the Product and Deposit Charges (O.J. of
                  2001, No.63, Item 639), entered into force on 1 January 2002. It contains
                  legal and economic instruments (the obligation to recover waste - or pay
                  product charges) promoting the establishment of a system for collection and
                  recovery of certain types of hazardous waste (waste oils, discharge lamps,
                  batteries and accumulators).


Disposal/         None.
Recovery
Facilities


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    Institute of Environmental Protection; Main Mining Institute; Waste
Training          Management Institute; and State Geological Institute – hazardous waste
Available         landfills.




                                               297
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                                      PORTUGAL


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                  30.10.2000 (r)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                    30.10.2000


             Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Instituto dos Residuos                            Same as the Competent Authority
Av. Almirante Gago Coutinho, no. 30 – 5o piso
1000-017 Lisbon
tel: (351-21) 842-4000
fax: (351-21) 842-4099
e-mail:inr@inresiduos.pt
web site: www.inresiduos.pt


National               According to the Waste Act (Decree-Law 239/97 of September 9, 1997)
Definition             waste shall mean any substance or object in the categories set out in Annex
                       I of Portaria 818/97 which the holder discard or intends to or is required to
                       discard (in accordance with EU Directive 75/442/EEC and the European
                       Waste Catalog – Decision 94/3/EEC).
                       According to the Waste Act, hazardous waste shall mean waste which
                       exhibit characteristics which can be harmful to health or the environment,
                       namely those set out in Annex II of Portaria 818/97 (in accordance with
                       EU Directive 91/689/EEC and the European Hazardous Waste List –
                       Decision 94/904/EEC).
                       The wastes subject to control procedure are defined by the Council
                       Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments
                       of waste within, into and out of the European Community.
                       Any waste is subject to a control procedure in case of a transboundary
                       movement destined for final disposal. All wastes destined for recovery
                       within the OECD area have to be notified, except those listed in Annex II
                       of Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 (identical to OECD green list of
                       wastes).
                     Wastes that are not listed in Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 are
                     subject to control procedures when subjected to transboundary movement.




                                                298
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                               Quantities
                                                                                               (in metric
                                                                                               tonnes)
    Generation    Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                                   194 724 1)
                  Total amount of other wastes generated                                       4 513 438
    Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                            96 609
    Movement      exported
                  Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                            4 976
                  imported
   * Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
   ** Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
   ***         Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
   1) Figure refers to total amountof hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45): 170 215 mt +
      amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b: 24 509 mt.




Restrictions on        Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary          The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                       implemented in Portugal. Council Regulation (EC) No 120/97 amending
Movement               Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 implements the amendment to the
                       Basel Convention (Decision III/1). Portugal ratified Decision III/1 on 30
                       November 2000 (Aviso no 229/99, from 7 December 1999).

                       Restrictions on export for final disposal
                       Portugal restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                       disposal. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                       259/93, which entered into force in May 1994. The export of waste
                       (hazardous and non hazardous) for final disposal outside the European
                       Community is prohibited, except to those EFTA countries that are also
                       parties to the Basel Convention. Thus, in order to implement the principles
                       of proximity and self-sufficiency at national level, the export of waste for
                       final disposal can be restricted.

                       Restriction on export for recovery
                       Portugal restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                       recovery. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                       259/93, as amended by Council Regulation No 120/97 and commission
                       Regulation 2408/98. It is prohibited to export waste listed in Annex V for
                       recovery into all countries to which the OECD Council Decision
                       C92(39)FINAL does not apply. Annex V contains wastes listed in Annex
                       VIII of the Basel Convention, wastes included in the OECD Amber and Red
                       waste lists and wastes included in the European Hazardous Waste List.




                                                       299
                 Restrictions on import for final disposal
                 Portugal restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                 disposal. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                 259/93, which entered into force in May 1994. It is prohibited to import
                 wastes for final disposal from non-Parties to the Basel Convention, except
                 from countries with which bilateral agreements exist.

                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Portugal restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No
                 259/93, which entered into force in May 1994. It is prohibited to import
                 wastes for recovery from non-Parties to the Basel Convention, except from
                 OECD countries and countries with which bilateral agreements exist.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Portugal restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                 relevant legislation is the Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93. The transit
                 must be notified and can be objected.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           - Municipal Waste Strategy Plan, approved in July 1997, for the period
                    1998-2005;
Elimination of
                 - Clinical Waste Strategy Plan, approved in June 1999, for the period
Hazardous           2000-2005;
Waste            - Industrial Waste Strategy Plan, published on the 2nd December 1999, for
Generation          the period 2000-2020;
                 - National Plan on Industrial Waste Prevention, approved in September
                    2000, for the period 2000-2015;
                 - Action Plan on Municipal Waste, approved in 2000, for the period 2000-
                    2006; and
                 - Agricultural Wastes Strategy Plan, preliminary version presented in June
                    1999. The final version is being developed.
                  Each Plan sets out changes required to achieve an environmental sound
                  management of waste, aiming substantial increases in reuse, recycling,
                  energy recovery and safe and adequate waste disposal. The plans also place
                  a strong emphasis on waste minimization and on information and
                  education campaigns.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 The Waste Act (239/97), which entered into force on 9 September 1997,
                 introduces the general obligation to prevent waste generation and to reduce
                 its quantity and harmfulness. In order to implement this general obligation,
                 there are several legislation based on producer responsibility, namely for
                 batteries and accumulators, waste oils, PCB, packaging waste and sludge.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 European Union Funds, such as LIFE program.


                                           300
                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  - Voluntary agreement with several industry sectors on environmental
                    improvement, namely on waste management;
                  - Voluntary agreement on the treatment of end-of-life vehicles, from June
                    1999; and
                  - Several enterprises adopted their own management systems, in
                    accordance with ISO 14001 and the European Community Eco-
                    Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) and Ecolabel.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      - Municipal Waste Strategy Plan, approved in July 1997, for the period
                 1998-2005;
Reduction
              - Clinical Waste Strategy Plan, approved in June 1999, for the period
Measures         2000-2005;
                  -    Industrial Waste Strategy Plan, published on the 2nd December 1999, for
                       the period 2000-2020;
                  -    National Plan on Industrial Waste Prevention, approved in September
                       2000, for the period 2000-2015;
                  -    Action Plan on Municipal Waste, approved in 2000, for the period 2000-
                       2006; and
                  -    Agricultural Wastes Strategy Plan, preliminary version presented in June
                       1999. The final version is being developed.
                      Each Plan referred above sets out changes required in order to implement
                      the principles of proximity and self-sufficiency at national level.
                      Great effort has been paid to the enforcement of the legislation on several
                      waste streams, which created conditions for the construction of several
                      waste management facilities in the country, namely for municipal solid
                      waste, clinical waste, hazardous wastes, wastes from electric and electronic
                      equipment, metals, solvents, oils, waste containing precious metals, tyres,
                      plastics, glass, paper and cardboard etc.
                      Resulting from the publication of Decree-Law 321/99 of August 11, 1999,
                      there are several landfills for non-hazardous industrial waste under
                      construction.

                  Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93.

                  Economic instruments/ initiatives
                  European Union funds, such as PEDIP and POA.


Disposal/         There are several facilities licensed to waste management operations. A
Recovery          complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.
Facilities



                                               301
Bilateral,        OECD Council Decision C(92)FINAL, concerning the control of
Multilateral or   transboundary movement of wastes destined for recovery operations.
Regional
Agreements


Technical         Some of the available sources are:
Assistance and    - Instituto dos Resíduos;
                  - Inpecção Geral do Ambiente, Rua de “O Século”, 51, 1200-433 Lisbon;
Training
                  - Instituto Nacional Engenharia e Tecnologia Industrial, Estrada do Paço do
Available           Lumiar, 1699 Lisbon;
                  - Associação Portuguesa Emp. Tecnologias Ambientais, Campo Grande,
                    294 – 3o dto, 1700 Lisbon; and
                  - Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Quinta da Torre, 2829-516 Caparica
                  The complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.




                                            302
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                          QATAR


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                             09.08.1995 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                               28.02.2002


             Competent Authority                                  Focal Point

Secretary General                                         The Supreme Council for Environment
The Supreme Council for Environment and           and Natural Reserves
  Natural Reserves                                P.O. Box 7634, Doha
P.O. Box 7634, Doha                               tel: (974) 442-6048
tel: (974) 443-7176 and 443-6048                  fax: (974) 441-5246
fax: (974) 441-5246                               e-mail: asagal@mmaa.gov.qa
                                                          alsaigel@hotmail.com


National             The national definition of waste and hazardous waste is in accordance with
Definition           the Basel Convention.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     Radioactive waste requires special consideration when subjected to
                     transboundary movement.


Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                Quantities
                                                                                (in metric
                                                                                tonnes)
     Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated              280 1)
                        Total amount of other wastes generated                  No data
     Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes            No export
     Movement           exported
                        Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes       No import
                        imported
*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.

                                                303
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (annex I: Y1-
Y45).
 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                       implemented in Qatar. The country is coordinating with its neighboring
 Movement
                       countries to implement in the same way through the Kuwait Regional
                       Convention for Cooperation on the Protection of the Marine Environment
                       from Pollution, 1978. Rules have been signed by the Gulf Cooperation
                       Countries (GCC) in this regard on 17 March, 1998.

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal
                      Qatar restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal. The relevant legislations are the Rules on the Transboundary
                      Movement of Hazardous Wastes, 1997, published by the State of Qatar and
                      the relevant protocol under the Kuwait Convention, 1978. The restriction
                      covers Qatar and the signatories of the protocol of the Kuwait Convention.
                      Export of hazardous waste and other wastes will be permitted only if the
                      necessary facilities and technical capacity are not available in Qatar to ensure
                      the disposal of the wastes in question in an environmentally sound manner.

                      Restriction on export for recovery
                      Qatar has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                      for recovery. However, the importing country must certify the availability of
                      appropriate facilities for treatment and recovery.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Qatar restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                      disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are the Rules on the
                      Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, 1997 of the State of Qatar
                      and the Kuwait Regional Convention for Cooperation on the Protection of
                      the Marine Environment from Pollution, 1978. The restriction covers Qatar
                      and the signatory states. According to Section 3 of the Rules, the import of
                      hazardous wastes and other wastes into the national territory is prohibited.

                      Restrictions on transit
                      Qatar restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The relevant
                      legislations are the Rules on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous
                      Waste, 1997. The transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes through the
                      national territory is prohibited except in such cases where a specific approval
                      is obtained form the Supreme Council for Environment and Natural Reserves
                      in the State of Qatar.




                                                 304
Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           Industries have been suggested to recycle and re-use wastes wherever
                 possible. Any new industry on operation is required to take a consent to
Elimination of
                 establish as part of EIA procedure.
Hazardous
Waste            Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation       The generator would make continuous effort towards minimization of
                 hazardous waste and other wastes and make annual assessment of the efforts
                 for submission to the SCE in Qatar.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 - Spent catalysts are sold or given to recycling companies; and
                 - Waste oils are collected and taken offsite by contractor for recycling.


Transboundary    National strategies/policies
Movement         Transboundary movements are prohibited in some specific cases.
Reduction
                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Measures         According to the Rules on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous
                 Waste, 1997, transboundary movement is prohibited in the following cases:
                 - To any destination south of 60o S latitude;
                 - To any state which has imposed a ban on the import of such wastes;
                 - To any state which cannot provide assurance as to its capacity to dispose
                   of such wastes in an environmentally sound manner; and
                 - To any state which is not a party to the Basel Convention in the case of a
                   state which is party to a bilateral, multilateral or regional agreement.

                 Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                 Industries/waste generators are following the Rules on the Transboundary
                 Movement of Hazardous Wastes, 1997.


Disposal/        Disposal facilities
Recovery         - Incineration at Halul Island, D11 operations; and
                 - Hazardous Waste Treatment Centre Messaiced.
Facilities
                 These facilities are under implementation.
                 Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                 None.




                                            305
Bilateral,        Protocol on the Control of Marine Transboundary Movements and Disposal
Multilateral or   of Hazardous Waste and Other Wastes, signed by 8 states (Bahrain, Iran,
                  Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates) on 17
Regional
                  March 1998.
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are the University of Qatar and Qatar Petroleum.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                            306
                                      Basel Convention
                                     Country Fact Sheet

                            REPUBLIC OF KOREA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                28.02.1994 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


            Competent Authority                                     Focal Point

Management Division                              Waste Management Policy Division
Wonju Regional Environmental Management          Ministry of Environment
  Office                                         Government Complex
242-2 Myeongryun-dong                            Kwacheon 427-760
Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, 220-947                    tel: (82-2) 504-9259
tel: (82-33) 764-0985                            fax: (82-2) 504-9210
fax: (82-33) 765-0129                            e-mail: kjk4me@me.go.kr
Jurisdiction : Icheon-si, Yeoju-gun,             web site: www.me.go.kr
Yangpyeong-gun, Gapyeong-gun in Gyeonggi-
do, Gangwon-do(Excluding Taebaek-si),
Chungju-si, Jecheon-si, Goesan-si, Eumseong-
gun, Danyang-gun in Chungcheongbuk-do.
Compliance Monitoring Division
        Nakdong River Environmental
Management Office
104-3 Sinwol-dong, Changwon-si,
Gyeongsangnam-do, 641-722
tel: (82-55) 267-2124
fax: (82-55) 284-0128
Jurisdiction : Busan Metropolitan City, Ulsan
Metropolitan City, Gyeongsangnam-do
(Excluding Hadong-gun, Namhae-gun)
The Republic of Korea has additional 5 Competent Authorities (Compliance Monitoring Divisions)
for the following jurisdictions:
    - Daejeon Metropolitan City, Chungcheongbuk-do (Excluding Chungju-si, Jecheon-si,
        Goesan-gun, Eumseong-gun, Danyang-gun), Chungcheongnam-do
    - Gwangju Metropolitan City, Jeollanam-do, Hadong-gun and Namhae-gun in
        Gyeongsangnam-do, Jeju-do
    - Seoul Metropolitan City, Incheon Metropolitan City, Gyeonggi-do (Excluding Icheon-si,
        Yeoju-gun, Yangpyeong-gun, Gapyeong-gun)
    - Daegu Metropolitan City, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Taebaek-si in Gangwon-do
    - Jeollabuk-do
A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.
                                                307
 National             Article 2.1 of the “Act Relating to Transboundary Movement of Wastes and
 Definition           Their Disposal” defines “waste” subject to transboundary movement control
                      as the substance or object listed in Annexes to Basel Convention and the
                      substance to be controlled in accordance with bilateral, multilateral and
                      regional agreements pursuant to the Article 11 of the Basel Convention.
                      Article 2 of the Presidential Decree of the “Act Relating to Transboundary
                      Movement of Wastes and their Disposal” defines “ hazardous waste” as the
                      wastes listed in Annexes I and II of the Basel Convention and the Red and
                      Amber Tier wastes determined by OECD. The list of hazardous wastes was
                      notified by the Ministry of Environment (MoE), and the amended list was
                      notified in 998 to incorporate wastes listed in Annex VIII to the Basel
                      Convention.
                      The Red and Amber Tier wastes determined by OECD are additionally
                      controlled for the purpose of transboundary movement.
                      In Republic of Korea there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1
                      (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special
                      consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.


 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                Quantities (in
                                                                                metric tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated            2 756 9841)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                16 949 870 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes           60
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes     17 380
                          imported
*
       Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1) Consists of total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45): 2
  190 463 mt + total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b: 566 521 mt. There was a
  change in waste classification in 1994.
2)     Amount refers to the total amount of wastes collected from households (Y46).


 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Republic of Korea. The export of hazardous wastes to non-
 Movement
                      OECD countries has been banned since July 1998.

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Republic of Korea restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                      for final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the “Act
                                                308
                 Relating to Transboundary Movement of Wastes and their Disposal” which
                 entered into force in May 1994. Non-OECD countries would be covered by
                 this Act.
                 According to the Articles 6, 10 and 16 of this Act, the export, import and
                 transit of hazardous waste is strictly prohibited unless prior written approval
                 is obtained from the competent authority. Besides, the MoE has the authority
                 to limit or ban the export and import of specific wastes which may be of
                 significant impact on human health or the environment when being
                 considered to be necessary. There is no differentiation between final disposal
                 and recovery in granting permission of transboundary movement of waste.

                 Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                 Republic of Korea restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                 for final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the “Act
                 Relating to Transboundary Movement of Wastes and their Disposal” which
                 entered into force in May 1994.
                 There is no restriction on the country or region of origin regarding import of
                 hazardous wastes, while the MoE has the authority to ban or limit the import
                 of specific wastes when being considered to be necessary.
                 According to the Articles 6, 10 and 16 of this Act, the export, import and
                 transit of hazardous waste is strictly prohibited unless prior written approval
                 is obtained from the competent authority. Besides, the MoE has the authority
                 to limit or ban the export and import of specific wastes which may be of
                 significant impact on human health or the environment when being
                 considered to be necessary. There is no differentiation between final disposal
                 and recovery in granting permission of transboundary movement of waste.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Republic of Korea restricts transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.
                 Prior consent is the only restriction on the transit of wastes.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The order of priority in the national waste management strategy is: a)
                 reduction of the amount of wastes, b) promoting of re-use and recycling, c)
Elimination of
                 safe incineration, and d) sanitary landfill.
Hazardous
Waste            Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Generation       Article 24.1 of the “Waste Management Act” prescribes that the generators
                 of industrial waste shall reduce the amount of waste generated. The
                 generators of more than certain amount of industrial waste shall comply with
                 the Guideline of the Reduction of Industrial Wastes (Public Notice by the
                 MoE and the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy, 23 December
                 1996) pursuant to Article 24.4. Pre-treatment, such as incineration and
                 crushing, is required for kinds of waste. In addition, the use of disposable
                 goods and excessive packaging is regulated in accordance with Article 15 of
                 the “Act Relating to Promoting Resource Saving and Recycling”.


                                            309
                    Economic instruments/ initiatives
                    Volume based waste fee system has been in place since 1995 to facilitate
                    reduction of household waste and separation of recyclable wastes from non-
                    recyclable wastes. Deposit-refund system for recyclable products and charge
                    system for non-recyclable products is in effect.

                    Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                    Industries and waste generators are making efforts to minimize the
                    generation of wastes both to cut down the financial burden of their disposal
                    and to comply with the Public Notice by the MoE and the Ministry of
                    Commerce, Industry and Energy, 23 December 1996. The MoE has verified
                    116 manufacturers as having successfully reduced generation of wastes.
                    Some retailers, such as department stores, have signed a voluntary agreement
                    with the MoE that they will steadily reduce the use of disposable goods, and
                    some fast food restaurants have decided not to use them.


Transboundary       National strategies/policies
Movement            Transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is strictly prohibited without
                    prior written permission from the competent authority. No permission for
Reduction
                    export is issued without consent from importing country.
Measures

Disposal/ Recovery Disposal facilities
Facilities         - Sudokwon Landfill, 58 Baekseokdong, Seo Gu, Incheon City, operated by
                     Sudokwon Landfill Management Corporation (SLMC) under MoE,
                     sanitary landfill (D5); and
                   - Kunsan Specified Waste Treatment Facility, 1585 Sorvongdong, Kunsan
                     City, operated by Environmental Management Corporation (EMC) under
                     MoE, specified waste landfill and incineration plant (D5, D10).
                    410 landfills and 15 443 incinerators for household and non-hazardous
                    industrial wastes were in operation by local governments or private
                    companies in 1999. Private companies operated 60 incinerators and 7
                    landfills for specified wastes, which are considered as hazardous waste
                    pursuant to the Waste Management Act and EMC operated 4 landfills and 1
                    incinerator.
                    Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                    22 recovery facilities are operated by KORECO under MoE. Out of 1647
                    recycling business, 1102 produce recycled goods and the rest recycle
                    materials through use as fuel, etc. local governments also operate pre-
                    treatment facilities.
                    Sources of information on recovery facilities could be obtained from: Korea
                    Resource Recovery and Re-utilization Corporation (KORECO), 24-5,
                    Yoidodong, Youngdeungpo-Gu, Seoul, 150-010 or at www.koreco.co.kr.




                                              310
Bilateral,        OECD agreement concerning Red and Amber Tier wastes is in effect since
Multilateral or   December 1996.
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and    - National Institute of Environmental Research, Kyungseodong, Seo Gu,
Training            Incheon City;
Available         - Korea Environment Institute, 613-2, Bulgwangdong, Eunpyung-Gu,
                    Seoul;
                  - Environmental Management Corporation, 4-15, Nonhyundong, Kangnam-
                    Gu, Seoul; and
                  - Korea Resource Recovery and Re-utilization Corporation, 24-5,
                    Yoidodong, Youngdeungpo-Gu, Seoul.




                                               311
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                        REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                02.07.1998 (A)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:           Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

        Ministry of Ecology                      State Ecological Inspection
        Constructions and Territorial            9, Cosmonautilor St., Chisinau, MD 2005
development of the Republic of Moldova           tel.: (373-2) 22-6941
9, Cosmonautilor St., Chisinau, MD 2005          fax: (373-2) 22-6915
tel: (373-2) 22-6851                             e-mail: ies@mediu.moldova.md
fax: (373-2) 22-0748
e-mail: tugui@mediu.moldova.md
web site: www.moldova.md/ro/government/

National             Moldova is preparing a national definition of waste and hazardous waste to
Definition           be used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste.
                     Moldova is in preparatory process to regulate/control additional wastes as
                     hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and
                     would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to
                     Art. (1)b.
                     In Moldova there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.

Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
     Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                 7 122 1)
                        Total amount of other wastes generated                     No data
     Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
     Movement           exported
                        Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                        imported
*     Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.

                                               312
**    Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).
 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                       implemented in Moldova.
 Movement
                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Moldova has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes for final disposal and for recovery.

                      Restrictions on transit and import for final disposal and for recovery
                      Moldova restricts the transit and import of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes for final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Law
                      of Environmental Protection which prohibits the import of all kinds of waste.
                      The Framework of the Law of Environmental Protection, art. 73 “Prohibited
                      the import of waste and the residuals of any nature, crude or in processing
                      state hazardous waste, due to temporary stoke, deposit, spreading on ground,
                      water, their destruction. Customs authorities are obliged to control and to be
                      responsible for applying of present article concerning import and export of
                      waste and the residuals of any nature through the territory of the Republic of
                      Moldova.” A similar Article. is included in the range of other laws
                      concerning hazardous wastes as in the Law No. 1347-XIII of 09.10.1997
                      concerning the production of domestic waste.


 Reduction            National strategies/policies
 and/or               National Program for Waste Utilization, the principles of which are:
                      - To prevent the generation of waste and reduce its harmfulness;
 Elimination of
                      - Waste materials should be reused, recycled or recovered, or used as a
 Hazardous              source of energy; and
 Waste                - Waste should be disposed of safely (by incineration or in landfill sites).
 Generation
                      Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                      - The Law nr. 1515-XII of 16.06.93 concerning the Protection of the
                         Environment;
                      - The Law nr. 1236-XIII of 3.07.97 concerning the System of Poison
                         Substances and Dangerous Products;
                      - The Law nr. 1347-XIII of 9.10.97 concerning the Production of
                         Domestic Waste; and
                      - ABC of waste.

                      Economic instruments/initiatives
                      Payments for Environmental Pollution, including waste disposal, Law No.
                      1540-XIII of 25.02.1998 on payment for environmental pollution, based on
                      the principle “polluter pays”.




                                                 313
                Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                In accordance to national legislation, the industry/waste generator are
                obliged to use cleaner technologies; take in evidence all waste; use waste
                without any risk; and ensure waste disposal and recovery on the basis of the
                contract between economical agents and respective licence owner etc.

Transboundary   National strategies/policies
Movement        One of the aims of the National Waste Management Program is to exclude
                or/and minimize hazardous raw materials from technological process in
Reduction
                order to reduce hazardous waste generation.
Measures
                Environmental standards/criteria to be met by the hazardous wastes and other
                wastes generators to reduce or/and to eliminate generation of hazardous
                wastes and other wastes. At 1 November 1998 the Republic of Moldova
                adopted the international standards ISO 14001, ISO 14004, ISO 14010, ISO
                14011, ISO 14012 and ISO 14000.

                Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                The project Regulation on waste is under preparation, which will include the
                measures for hazardous waste reduction.

                Economic instruments/initiatives
                The tax for the generation of hazardous waste is approximately 20 times
                higher than the one for non-toxic waste.

                Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                - Process control and recycling/recovery to reduce and/or eliminate
                  generation of hazardous wastes and other wastes by waste generators;
                - The initiative of municipal waste recycling by separate collection in
                  Chisinau city;
                - Extraction of mercury from luminescent lamps is undertaken at the
                  Tighina‟s plant;
                - Recycling of metal scrap of Ribnita Metallurgical plant; and
                - Romir SA and Indii SA, used accumulators collectors enterprises.

                Others
                Different kind of measures to reduce/ and/or eliminate generation of
                hazardous wastes and other wastes are included in the State Program of
                Wastes Utilization, which is currently being examined by the Government.


Disposal/       Disposal facilities
Recovery        - Ltd “Raut‟, district Balti, landfill for galvanic wastes storage (D5);
                - Ltd “Alfa”, Chisinau, storage for galvanic wastes (D5);
Facilities      - Vulcanesti, landfill for pesticides (D5); and
                - Small storage of pesticides in different villages in the country (D15).
                Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                None.


                                           314
Bilateral,        On 12 April 1996, the Republic of Moldova signed a Commonwealth of
Multilateral or   Independent States (CIS) agreement on the control of transboundary
                  transport of hazardous wastes that came into effect from 16 May 1997.
Regional
Agreements

Technical         None.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                         315
                                       Basel Convention
                                      Country Fact Sheet

                                          ROMANIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                          27.02.1991 (a)
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                              17.07.2002


            Competent Authority                                            Focal Point

Ministry of Waters and Environmental                 Same as the Competent Authority
  Protection
Libertatii 12, Sector 5, Bucharest
tel: (40-1) 335 25 32
fax: (40-1) 410 02 82
e-mail: waste@mappm.ro;
web site: www.mappm.ro




National             In Romania there is no national definition of waste used specially for the purposes of
                     transboundary movements. However, there are two main sets of definitions for wastes and
Definition           hazardous wastes. One is laid down in the Law on Environmental Protection, which defines
                     waste as substances resulting from biological or technical processes, that cannot be used;
                     and hazardous wastes in accordance with a short list of characteristics. The other set is
                     based on the Emergency Ordinance for the Waste Regime and is generally based on the
                     relevant definitions of the Basel Convention and the pertinent EU Directives. A definition
                     of wastes and residues is contained in the Government Decision dealing with import of
                     wastes of every description. This covers any materials having no value for use, and
                     household wastes.

                     In Romania there is no national definition of hazardous waste used specially
                     for the purposes of transboundary movements (see above). The Basel
                     Convention definition of the hazardous waste is used.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Romania there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b that require special consideration when subjected to
                     transboundary movement.




                                                    316
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                    Quantities
                                                                                    (in metric
                                                                                    tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                860 892 1)
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                    3 439 747 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes               12 000
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
       ***     Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
       1)      Figure refers to total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I:
Y1-Y45).
       2)      Consists of wastes collected from households (Y46): 3 422 355 mt + residues arising
from the incineration of household wastes (Y47): 17 392 mt.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Romania has not ratified the Amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision
                 III/1). Nevertheless there are provisions for implementation of the
 Movement
                       amendment in the Romanian legislation.

                       Restrictions on transit and export for final disposal and for recovery
                       Romania has no restrictions on the transit as well as export of hazardous
                       wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.
                       According to art. 16 (alin 2) of the Law on Environmental Protection no. 137
                       / 1995, the export and transit of hazardous wastes may take place in
                       accordance with agreements to which Romania is a party. In case of export,
                       the responsible operator must ensure that international obligations are
                       observed and that the consent of the recipient country has been obtained.

                       Restrictions on import for final disposal
                       Romania restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                       disposal. In accordance with the Law on Environmental Protection, the
                       import of any kind of wastes is prohibited, with the exception of certain
                       categories of wastes that constitute secondary resources of useful raw
                       materials.




                                                 317
                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Romania restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for
                 recovery. The import of wastes is permitted in accordance with regulations
                 imposed by norms proposed by the central environmental protection
                 authority and approved by the Government.
                 15 categories of materials to which this exception is applicable are defined in
                 a list annexed to the pertinent Government Decision, which also sets out a
                 number of additional conditions under which an exception to the import
                 prohibition is granted.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           The Emergency Ordinance no. 78 / 2000 on Waste regime was approved on
                 16 June 2000. In accordance with art. 8 of this Emergency Ordinance the
Elimination of
                 national competent authority shall elaborate Plans for management of wastes.
Hazardous
Waste            A draft of National Strategy for Waste Management and a National Plan
Generation       shall be elaborated and approved in 2002.
                 In accordance with art. 19 lit a) of the Emergency Ordinance no. 78/2000,
                 producers of wastes shall adopt technologies and solutions for reduction and
                 elimination of generation of wastes.

                 Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                 In accordance with art. 54 of the Emergency Ordinance no. 78 / 2000, the
                 drafts of Governmental Decisions for regulation of management of used oils,
                 management of used batteries, incineration of wastes, landfills, and
                 packaging and waste packaging are in preparation.
                 The Governmental Decision no. 173 / 2000 on regulation of PCB and similar
                 compounds was adopted on 13 March 2000.

                 Economic instruments/ initiatives
                 Economic instruments for reduction and elimination of generation of wastes
                 are in preparation. These economic instruments shall be in relationships with
                 provisions of the Law on Environmental Found no. 73 / 2000 as amended by
                 Emergency Governmental Ordinance 93 / 2001.


Transboundary    The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Movement         other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
                 measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Reduction        generation.
Measures




                                            318
Disposal /        Disposal facilities
Recovery          None.
Facilities        Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  SC Metanef SA – Neferal SA, Calea Floreasca, 91 – 111, Sector 5,
                  Bucharest, recovery of lead batteries (R4).


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements

Technical         Information is not available.
Assistance and
Training
Available




                                             319
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                          RUSSIAN FEDERATION


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                31.01.1995 (r)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian     The Center for Project Activity
  Federation                                     23/5, Krzhizhanovskogo Str.
4/6, B.Gruzinskaya Str.                          Moscow, 117218
Moscow, GSP-5, D-242, 123995                     tel: (7-095) 124-9849
tel: (7-095) 254-4800                            fax: (7-095) 124-9849
fax: (7-095) 254-8283                            e-mail: nb@cppi.ru and ir@cppi.ru

National             There is a national definition of wastes used for the purpose of
Definition           transboundary movements of waste in Russian Federation: “Production and
                     consumption waste” is the remains of raw materials, materials, semi-
                     finished products, other articles or products that have been formed in the
                     process of production or consumption as well as the goods (products) that
                     have lost their consumer properties.”
                     The national definition of hazardous wastes is defined by the Federal Law
                     “On Wastes of Production and Consumption” № 89-FZ of 24 June 1998.
                     “Hazardous waste” is the waste containing harmful substances having
                     properties (toxicity, explosivity, flammability, high-reaction ability) or
                     containing the agents causing contagious diseases or that posing an
                     immediate or potential threat to environment and human health either by
                     themselves or on contact with other substances”.
                     Russian Federation regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are
                     not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled
                     for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b. These
                     wastes are listed in the Appendix no 1 to the Resolution of Russian
                     Federation Government “On State Regulation and Control over
                     Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes” (of 01.07.1996 № 766)
                     which provides a “List of Hazardous Wastes, Import (Transit) of which to
                     (through) the Territory of the Russian Federation is forbidden and Export is
                     Subject to State Regulation”; and in the Appendix no 2 to the Resolution of
                     Russian Federation Government “On State Regulation and Control over
                     Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes” (of 01.07.1996 № 766)
                     which provides a “List of Hazardous Wastes, Transboundary Movements of
                     which is subject to State Regulation”. (Appendix no 1 and Appendix no 2 are
                     annexed to this CFS)
                                                 320
                         In Russian Federation there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art.
                         1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special
                         consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.


 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                                 Quantities (in
                                                                                                 metric tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                              12 800 000 1)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                                  No data
                                                                                                 2)
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
      Movement           exported
                                                                                                 2)
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    In Russian Federation there is no statistics on annual waste generation according to the Basel Convention Y-code
      classification. Consists of: I hazard class: 400 000 mt; II hazard class: 3 300 000 mt; III hazard class: 9 100 000 mt.
      For IV hazard class (119 700 000 mt) it is not clear whether it should be regarded as wastes under the scope of the
      Convention, hence this amount is not included.
2)    Clarification is pending from Russian Federation concerning the wastes exported and imported.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The Russian Federation is in a preparatory process of implementing the
                 amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
 Movement
                         Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                         The Russian Federation restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other
                         wastes for final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the
                         Regulation of the Government of the Russian Federation №766 of 01.07.96
                         on the State Regulation and Control of Transboundary Movements of
                         Hazardous Wastes.

                         Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                         The Russian Federation restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other
                         wastes for final disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislations are the
                         Federal Law № 89-FZ of 24 June 1998 “On Wastes of Production and
                         Consumption”; and the Regulation of the Government of the Russian
                         Federation №766 of 01.07.96 “On the State Regulation and Control of
                         Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes”.




                                                          321
                   Restrictions on transit
                   The Russian Federation restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                   wastes. The relevant legislation is the Regulation of the Government of the
                   Russian Federation №766 of 01.07.96 on the State Regulation and Control of
                   Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes.

Reduction          Legislation, regulations and guidelines
and/or             Government Regulations:
                   - “On rules of development and approval of waste generation guidelines
Elimination of
                     and its disposal limitations” of 16.06.00 № 461; and
Hazardous          - “On order of state waste cadastre maintenance and realization of
Waste                hazardous waste certification” of 26.10.00 № 818.
Generation


Transboundary Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Movement      - Government Regulation on Approval of the Resolutions for the Licensing
                of Stocking up, Processing and Selling of Non-Ferrous and Ferrous Scrap
Reduction
                of 15.07.99 №822; and
Measures      - Regulations of Goscomecologiya on Focal Point of Russian Federation on
                     Implementation of Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary
                     Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal Order of
                     Goscomecologiya of 04.11.98 №658.


Disposal/          Data not available.
Recovery
Facilities


Bilateral,         None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical          The available sources are:
Assistance and     Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation (MNR of Russia);
Training           Centre for International Projects (Subregional Training Centre) (CIP); Centre
Available          for Preparation and Implementation of International Projects on Technical
                   Assistance (CPPI); and Territory Committees on Environmental Protection.




                                                322
                                                                              Appendix No. 1
                                                        to the Resolution of RF Government
                                                           “On State Regulation and Control
                                                            over Transboundary Movements
                                                                      of Hazardous Wastes”
                                                                       (of 01.07.1996 № 766)

                                           List
        of Hazardous Wastes, Import (Transit) of which to (through) the Territory
             of the Russian Federation is forbidden and Export is Subject to
                                    State Regulation


Code of the Kind                                                         Code of       Code of
    of Waste                         Kind of Waste                     the Waste      the Waste
  According to                                                          according     according
  Commodity                                                               to the        to the
Classification for                                                        Basel       Classificati
Foreign Activity                                                       Convention      on of the
   (CC FEA)                                                            Classificati   Organizati
                                                                            on           on of
                                                                                      Economic
                                                                                      Cooperatio
                                                                                        n and
                                                                                      Developme
                                                                                      nt(OECD)
from 7019 90         Glass fibre waste, similar to asbestos in its                     RB 020**
                     physical and chemical characteristics
from 2524 00         Asbestos waste and dust                              Y 36          RB 010
                     Other kinds of dust with non-ferrous metal           Y 17
                     content:
from 8104 90         magnesium dust
from 8108 90         titanium dust
from 811240900       vanadium dust
from 8539            Mercury lamp and luminescent tube waste              Y 29
                     Metal slimes:
from 2620 90         manganese slimes from electrolytic
                     manganese dioxide production
from 2620 90         selenium-mercury slime from sulphuric acid           Y 25
                     production
                     Waste with thorium content:
from 284430190       - thorium waste in chemical-metallurgical
                     production
from 2620 90         - slime with thorium content from thoriated
                     tungsten article production
                     Hard mineral waste with detrimental impurities,
                     specific for the given production:
from 280480000       - cake arsenious from copper production              Y 24
from 280480000       - cake arsenious -potassium from tin                 Y 24
                                                323
                 production
from 280480000   - arsenate and calcium waste from lead               Y 24
                 production
from 262090100   Galvanic slime with nickel content
                 Galvanic slimes:
from 2837        - with cyanide content                               Y 33
from 2819        - with chromium content (compounds of                Y 21
                 hexavalent, chromium)
from 2620 30     - with copper content                                Y 22
from 2620 19     - with zinc content                                  Y 23
from 262090990   - with cobalt content
from 262090990    -with cadmium content                               Y 26
from 262090100   Slime of lead hydroxide, nickel, cadmium           Y 31,Y 26
from 2620        Waste containing compounds of:
                 - cadmium                                            Y 26
                 - nickel                                             Y 26
                 - chromium                                           Y 21
                 - tin
                 - lead                                               Y 31
                 - vanadium
                 - copper                                             Y 22
                 - other heavy metals
from 2915 39     Aluminium chloride waste with acetophenol            Y 15
                 impurity
from 2814 20     Ammonium solutions for copper pickling               Y 22
from 2827 39     (waste)
from 2827 49     Acids and acid mixtures with impurities specific     Y 34
from 2806 10     for the given production: Waste, pickle
                 solutions of rolling and hardware shops
from 2815 20     Alkalines and alkaline mixtures with impurities,     Y 35
                 specific for the given production (pickling,
                 cleaning, etc.)
from 3808        Agents for fumigation and protection of plants       Y 45
                 from pests and blights (obsolete)
from 3808        Production of agents for fumigation and              Y 45
                 protection of plants from pests and blights
                 wastes
from 2713 90     Acid resin, acid tar                                 Y 11      RA 020
from 2713 90     Acid residual tar from oil refinement with           Y 11
                 sulphuric acid and resin sulphurized
                 compounds
from 2713 90     Acid residual tar from sulfate production (white     Y 11
                 oils sulphurization) with sulphuric acid and
                 heavy organic sulfate content
from 2713 90     Acid residual tar from aromatic hydrocarbon          Y 11
                 refinement with sulphuric acid, aromatic
                 compounds and sulphuric acid content
from 2713 90     Acid residual tar from paraffin refinement with      Y 11
                 sulphuric acid and organic compounds content
                                           324
from 2713 90     Acid fumigating resin of the sulfate section of   Y 11
                 the benzene rectification shop of the by-
                 product-coking production
from 2902        Residue of acid resin processing                  Y 11   RA 020
from 2912
                 Slimes of coke and gas plants:
from 2706        - Gumlike fuses (shale processing wastes) with    Y 39
                 phenol content
from 3811 11     Slimes contained tetraethyl lead (antidetonant    Y 31   RC 030
                 additives)
from 2850        Sorbents with arsine and phosphine impurities     Y 24
from 2932 19     Polychlorinated dibenzofuran and other related    Y 43   RC 010
                 compounds
from 2934 90     Polychlorinated dibenzodioxine (dioxine) and      Y 44   RC 020
                 other related compounds
from 2903        Waste of fluorine organic compounds in            Y 45
                 hydrogen bromide acid production
from 2903 69     Polychlorinated biphenyls, terphenyls,            Y 10   RC 010
from 3404 90     polybromated biphenyls, liquids, or solvents
from 382390850   contaminated by them, and also agents and
                 articles contained them (in concentration 50
                 mg/kg and more)
from 2903        Waste of chlorine organic acid production         Y 45
from 2903        Highly resinous wood of bromine organic           Y 45
                 synthesis
From 2912        Highly resinous wood of phthalic anhydride        Y 12
                 production
from 9018 31     Medical waste, produced from the medical          Y1
from 9018 32     treatment of patients at medical institutions
from 7017        (hospitals, polyclinics and other similar
from 5601 10     institutions)
from 2930        Pharmaceuticals production waste                  Y2
from 2936        Unused and expired medicines and                  Y3
from 2937        medications
from 3001-3006
from 2939        Phytopharmaceutical medication production         Y4
                 and application wastes
from 2706        Preservative timber production and use wastes     Y5
from 2902        Organic solvents production and application       Y6
from 2903        waste
from 2905-2909
from 2710        Burn mineral oils waste                           Y8
                 Useless chemical substances, produced in the      Y 14
                 course of R and D or in the educational
                 process, whose nature has not yet been
                 revealed and/or which are novel, whose effect
                 on man and/or on the environment is yet
                 unknown


                                           325
* The goods characteristic to the list of waste shall be determined both by their code
according to the CC FEA and by their title (physical and chemical characteristics).

** Here and hereafter the code of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and
Development shall consist of two letters, followed by a number. The first letter shall denote
the list: G (Green), Y (Yellow), R (Red), and the second, waste category.

Note: the notion of residue shall include the following kinds of waste: scale, residue, slag,
dross, dust, powder, slime, and cake, unless one or another material is clearly included in
other items.




                                            326
                                                                             Appendix No. 2
                                                       to the Resolution of RF Government
                                                          “On State Regulation and Control
                                                           over Transboundary Movements
                                                                     of Hazardous Wastes”
                                                                      (of 01.07.1996 № 766)


                                          List
               of Hazardous Wastes, Transboundary Movements of which
                            is subject to State Regulation


Code of the Kind                                                        Code of       Code of
    of Waste                         Kind of Waste                    the Waste      the Waste
  According to                                                         according     according
  Commodity                                                              to the         to the
Classification for                                                       Basel       Classificati
Foreign Activity                                                      Convention      on of the
   (CC FEA)                                                           Classificati   Organizati
                                                                           on            on of
                                                                                     Economic
                                                                                     Cooperatio
                                                                                        n and
                                                                                     Developme
                                                                                     nt(OECD)
from 0501 00         Human hair waste                                                 GO 010**
from 0502 00         Bristle waste                                                     GN 010
from 0503 00         Horse hair waste                                                  GN 020
from 0505 90         Bird feathers waste                                               GN 030
from 0506 90         Animal bones and horns waste                                     GM 100
from 0511 91         Waste from fish and other sea products                           GM 110
                     processing
1522 00              Degras; residue after processing of fat                          GM 090
                     substances or plant or animal waxes
from 2514 00         Shale wastes, roughly scraped or simply cut by                   GD 020
                     sawing or in some other way
2525 30              Mica wastes                                                      GD 030
from 2529 30         Leucite, nepheline, or nepheline syenite waste                   GD 040
from 2529 10         Feldspar wastes                                                  GD 050
2618 00              Slag pellets, produced in iron and steel                         GC 060
                     production
from 2619 00         Cupola slags                                                     YA 010
from 2619 00         Electric furnace slags                                           GC 070
from 2619 00         Blast furnace slags
from 2619 00         Converter slags
from 2619 00         Other steel-smelting slags
from 2619 00         Scull of steel-smelting production

                                              327
from 2619 00    Steel-casting slimes
from 2619 00    Rolling slimes
from 2619 00    Casting slimes
2620 11         Hard zinc (zinc-and-iron alloy)                    Y 23   GB 010
from 2620 19    Zinc slags                                         Y 23   GB 025
from 2620 19    Zinc slime                                         Y 23
from 2620 20    Lead dross                                         Y 31   YA 030
from 2620 20    Lead scale                                         Y 31
from 2620       Lead slime                                         Y 31
from 2620 30    Other metal slimes                                        YA 040
from 2620 40    Light metal dross contained aluminum                      YA 050
from 2620 40    Salt slags contained aluminum
from 2620 50    Boiler-cleaning residues                                  YA 060
from 2620 90    Light metal dross contained magnesium                     YA 070
from 2620 90    Salt slags with magnesium content
from 2620 90    Magnesium oxide slime
from 2837       Slime from fixing (quenching) baths contained      Y7
                cyanide
from 28054090   Residues contained mercury:                        Y 29
                - mercury on graphite
                - mercury on activated coal
from 2621       Coal ash                                                  GG 030
from 2621       Boiler slags                                              GG 030
from 2621       Hard residues contained salt from smoke-           Y 18
                trapping devices of unit heaters burning
                traditional fuel (without reagent gypsum)
from 2621       Fly ashes and unit heater dust                     Y 18
from 2621 00    Slags from melt electrolysis                              YB 010
from 2621 00    Slags and ashes from waste burning facilities
from 2621 00    Fly ash and dust from waste burning facilities
from 2621 00    Pyrolysis unit slags and ashes                     Y 11
from 2621 00    Slag from the production of chemically                    GG 080
                stabilized copper content a high iron (over
                20%), processed according to industrial
                standards
from 2621 00    Neutralized red clay from alumina production              GG 110
from 2713 90    Slimes of coke and gas plant byproducts                   YC 010
from 2803       Activated (waste) coal                                    GG 060
from 2804 50    Waste contained tellurium                          Y 28   GA 410
from 2804 80    Waste contained arsenic                            Y 24   YA 090
from 2804 90    Waste contained selenium                           Y 25   GA 400
from 2811 22    Hard silica wastes, except using in casting               GD 070
                production
from 2844 30    Thorium waste and scrap                                   GA 390
3103 20         Basic slag, formed in iron and steel production,          GG 070
                using for phosphate fertilizers and for other
                purposes
from 3912 20    Cellulose processing wastes (nitrocellulose)              YC 100
3915            Plastic waste and scrap, chopped plastic:                 GH 010
                                            328
from 3915 10   - of polyethylene                                          GH 011
from 3915 20   - of polystyrene, polystyrene foam                         GH 012
from 3915 30   - of polyvinylchloride and of foam plastic                 GH 013
               manufactured on its basis
from 3915 90   - of celluloid, photo- and cinefilm                        GN 014
from 3915 90   - of polyethylene-terephthalate film
from 3915 90   - of polyurethane, polyurethane foam
from 3915 90   - of polyamides
from 3915 90   - of polycarbonates, polyacrylates, acrylic resin
from 3915 90   - of polyvinylacetate
from 3915 90   - of polyvinyl alcohol
from 3915 90   - of polyolephines
from 3915 90   - of polypropylene
from 3915 90   - of plastics contained fluorine                    Y 45
from 3915 90   - of acrylonitrile copolymers
from 3915 90   - of butadiene copolymers
from 3915 90   - of styrene copolymers
from 3915 90   - of polybutileneterephthalates
from 3915 90   - of polyethylenesulphides
from 3915 90   - of polysiloxalanes (silicons)
from 3915 90   - of polymethylmetacrylate
from 3915 90   - of polyvinylbutirene
from 3915 90   - of phenol-formaldehyde and melamine-              Y 13   GH 015
               phenolic resins
from 3915 90   - of epoxy resins
from 3915 90   - of urea-formaldehyde resins
from 3915 90   - of alkyd resins
4004 00        Rubber waste and cuttings                                  GK 010
4004 00        Other waste rubber technical articles                      GK 010
4012 20        Old tires, worn cut tubes, tire casings                    GK 020
4017 00        Hard rubber waste and scrap                                GK 030
4110 00        Slime from leather enterprises' sewage water               YC 180
               clearing
4110 00        Raw fresh hides
4110 00        Split leather cuttings
4110 00        Cuttings from the edges of chromium-plate and
               tanned semi finished items, chrome chips
5505           Artificial fibre waste:                                    GJ 110
5505 10        - polyamide                                                GJ 111
5505 10        - polyester
5505 10        - cellulose                                                GJ 112
from 7001 00   Glass waste from the production of lamps,                  YB 040
               picture tubes and other articles contained
               specific impurities
from 7802 00   Waste contained lead                                Y 31   GA 150
7902 00        Waste contained zinc                                Y 23   GA 160
8002 00        Waste contained tin                                        GA 170
from 8101 91   Waste contained tungsten                                   GA 180
from 8102 91   Waste contained molybdenum                                 GA 190
                                           329
from 8103 10              Waste contained tantalum                                                              GA 200
8104 20                   Waste contained magnesium                                                             GA 210
from 8105 10              Waste contained cobalt                                                                GA 220
from 8106 00              Waste contained bismuth                                                               GA 230
from 8107 10              Waste contained cadmium                                               Y 26            GA 240
from 8108 10              Waste contained titanium                                                              GA 250
from 8109 10              Waste contained zirconium                                                             GA 260
from 8110 00              Antimonium waste                                                      Y 27            GA 270
from 8111 20              Waste contained manganese                                                             GA 280
from 8112 20              Beryllium waste and scrap                                             Y 20            GA 290
from 8112 20              Waste contained chromium                                              Y 21            GA 300
from 8112 30              Germanium waste and scrap                                                             GA 310
from 8112 40              Vanadium waste and scrap                                                              GA 320
from 8112 91              Hafnium waste and scrap                                                               GA 330
from 8112 91              Indium waste and scrap                                                                GA 340
from 8112 91              Niobium waste and scrap                                                               GA 350
from 8112 91              Thallium waste and scrap                                              Y 30            GA 380
from 8908 00              Vessels and other floating constructions for                                          GC 030
                          separation, carefully emptied of their contents,
                          and other materials formed in the process of
                          the vessel's operation, which may be referred
                          to the category of hazardous substances or
                          waste
from 3604                 Pyrotechnical waste                                                   Y 15
from 3601                 Explosives waste                                                      Y 15
from 3602
from 2904                 Organic chemicals, multiply nitrated                                  Y 15
from 2908

* The goods characteristic to the list of waste shall be determined both by their code
according to the CC FEA and by their title (physical and chemical characteristics).

** Here and hereafter the code of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development shall consist of two letters,
followed by a number. The first letter shall denote the list: G (Green), Y (Yellow), R (Red), and the second, waste category.

Note: the notion of residue shall include the following kinds of waste: scale, residue, slag,
dross, dust, powder, slime, and cake, unless one or another material is clearly included in
other items.




                                                            330
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                    SAINT LUCIA


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                09.12.1993 (a)
Ratification of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                  22.01.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Permanent Secretary                               Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Physical Development,                 Ministry of Physical Development,
  Environment and Housing                           Environment and Housing
P.O. Box 709, Government Buildings, Castries      P.O. Box 709, Government Buildings, Castries
tel: (1-758) 468-4459/4460                        tel: (1-758) 468-4459/4460
fax: (1-758) 451-6958                             fax: (1-758) 451-6958
e-mail: sdestaff@planning.gov.lc                  e-mail: sdestaff@planning.gov.lc
General Manager
St. Lucia Solid Waste Management Authority
P.O. Box 709, Government Buildings, Castries
tel: (1-758) 453-2208
fax: (1-758) 453-6856
e-mail: sluswma@candw.lc



National             Saint Lucia has prepared national definitions for hazardous waste to be used
Definition           for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste based on the Basel
                     Convention definition. Solid Waste is garbage, refuse, organic waste, scrap
                     metal, silt, back-filling material, construction and demolition material and
                     other solid materials discarded from – (a) residential, industrial, commercial
                     or government establishments or operations; and (b) public or community
                     activities but does not include solid or dissolved material in domestic
                     sewage, or other substances in water sources, dissolved or suspended solids
                     in industrial wastewater effluents, dissolved materials in irrigation return
                     flows or other common water pollutants.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     In Saint Lucia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a
                     and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration
                     when subjected to transboundary movement.

                                                331
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                             and Other Wastes***
                                                                                       Quantities
                                                                                       (in metric
                                                                                       tonnes)
      Generation         Total amount of hazardous wastes generated                    340 1) & 2)
                         Total amount of other wastes generated                        75 952
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes                  5 3)
      Movement           exported
                         Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes      No import 2)
                         imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***    Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)    Includes biomedical and clinical wastes and used lead-acid batteries. In addition, 410m3 of
      hazardous wastes were generated.
2)    In addition, 410 m3 of hazardous waste were generated. An additional 1000m3 of used oil are
      received from ships annually under the MARPOL 73/78 Convention for use as a supplementary
      fuel by private companies.
3)    Figure refers to the amount of used lead-acid batteries exported.




 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary Saint Lucia has ratified Ban amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision
                 III/1).
 Movement
                         Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                         Saint Lucia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                         disposal and for recovery. Export is allowed only when no suitable facilities
                         are available for handling the wastes at the national level, assurance is
                         received that the wastes will be handled in an environmentally friendly
                         manner in the country of import, and that the export is in accordance with the
                         provisions of the Basel Convention.

                         Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                         The importation of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and
                         for recovery is banned under draft Marine Pollution Legislation.

                         Restrictions on transit
                         Saint Lucia restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                         relevant legislation is the draft Marine Pollution Legislation. Prior approval
                         from national authorities is required.




                                                         332
Reduction          National strategies/policies
and/or             - Continued collaboration with private sector on measures to reduce
                     quantity and toxicity of hazardous waste generated;
Elimination of
                   - Pilot Project on used lead acid batteries completed. Results of this project
Hazardous            to inform future policies and strategies;
Waste              - Training and capacity building in the areas of hazardous waste
Generation           management completed for PCBs, asbestos, biomedical and clinical
                     wastes, used pesticides, used oil and used lead-acid batteries;
                   - Training received in the conducting of Hazardous Waste Inventories and
                     reporting of information to SBC;
                   - National Used Oil Strategy prepared with guidance from OECS Regional
                     Used Oil Strategy;
                   - National Biomedical and Clinical Wastes Policy developed and draft
                     Strategy being reviewed;
                   - Recommendations from consultant study on agrochemical wastes under
                     discussion to guide development of national strategy; and
                   - Ongoing efforts to identify cleaner production technologies appropriate to
                     the service and manufacturing sectors and small industrial enterprises.

                   Economic instruments/ initiatives
                   Provision of tax incentives and waivers of import duties on equipment and
                   materials required for recycling and reuse of used oil.

                   Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                   Efforts by private industry to conform to ISO, HACCP and other relevant
                   international standards to reduce of the quantity and toxicity of hazardous
                   waste generated.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      - Policy to promote, where appropriate, recycling and reuse of hazardous
                waste products such as used oil; and
Reduction
              - Further training required for Customs officials.
Measures
                   Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                   None, further development is required.

                   Economic instruments/ initiatives
                   None, further development is required.

                   Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                   Local industry and private sector seeking to identify treatment and disposal
                   options for used oil, biomedical and clinical wastes and agricultural
                   chemicals. Further assistance is required in this area.


Disposal/          Local companies involved in the use of used oil as a supplementary fuel.
Recovery           Disposal and/or Recovery facilities lacking for other hazardous wastes
                   streams.
Facilities

                                             333
Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements


Technical         The available sources are:
Assistance and
                  - Caribbean Environmental Health Institute, P.O. Box 1111, Castries, tel.
Training
                    (1-758) 452-1412/2501, fax (1-758) 453-2721, e-mail: cehi@candw.lc.
Available           This institution develops and executes programs to provide Technical and
                    advisory services to CARICOM member states in Environmental
                    management.
                  - St. Lucia Solid Waste Management Authority, P.O. Box 709, Castries, tel.
                    (1-758) 453-2208, fax (1-758) 453-6856, e-mail: sluswma@candw.lc.
                    This statutory body ha the legislative responsibility for the management
                    of hazardous waste and provides advice to the industrial and
                    manufacturing sectors on appropriate methods of hazardous waste
                    treatment, storage, transport and disposal.
                  - National Emergency Management Organisation. P.O. Box 1517, Castries,
                    tel.: (1-758) 452-3802, fax: (1-758) 453-2152, e-mail: eoc@candw.lc




                                               334
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                       SENEGAL


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                10.11.1992 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:          Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

        Ministre Jeunesse – Environnement –      Chef de Division
Hygiène Publique                                 106, Rue Carnot, BP: 6557 Dakar Etoile
Rue Emile Zola – BP: 4055, Dakar                 tel: (221) 822-3848
fax: (221) 822-9764                              fax: (221) 822-6212
                                                 e-mail: denv@métissacana.sn
                                                 web site: www.denv.sn


National             Waste is any solid, liquid or gaseous substance, or any residues coming from
Definition           the production process, transformation or utilization of any other eliminated
                     or disposed of substance, destined to be eliminated or needing to be disposed
                     of in accordance with the laws and regulations in force.
                     There is no national definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of
                     transboundary movements of waste in Senegal.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     Textile wastes require special consideration when subjected to transboundary
                     movement.


Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary Senegal is in a preparatory process of implementing the amendment to the
                Basel Convention (Decision III/1).
Movement
                     Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                     Senegal restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                     disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Law pertaining to
                     the Environment Code, Art. L39, which entered into force in 2001. This
                     restriction covers all hazardous wastes and all countries.




                                                335
                  Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                  Senegal restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                  disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Environment Code
                  (Law 200-01 of 15 January 2001), which entered into force in 2001. This
                  restriction covers all hazardous wastes and all countries.

                  Restrictions on transit
                  Senegal restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes in
                  accordance with the provision of the Basel Convention.


Reduction         National strategies/policies
and/or            - Adoption of a complete legislation on the management of the network
                    (sic);
Elimination of
                  - Elaboration of a management plan; and
Hazardous         - Development of cooperation with other programmes and awareness.
Waste
Generation        Legislation, regulations and guidelines
                  Environmental Code (Law 200-1-01 of 15 January 2001); Decree 282-2001
                  of 12 April 2001; Sanitation Code; Local Municipalities Code; and
                  Regulation concerning management (under application).

                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  - Awareness and information;
                  - Establishment of a sanitation and security committee;
                  - Auditing and ISO certification; and
                  - Cooperation among industries.


Transboundary National strategies/policies
Movement      Border control.
Reduction
Measures


Technical         Centre Régional de la Convention de Bâle pour l‟Afrique Francophone, BP
Assistance and    7263, Dakar, Senegal, tel. : +221 827 22 00 ; Fax : +221 827 28 13 ; and
                  Fondation CERES/Locustox and Laboratoire de Toxicologie.
Training
Available




                                            336
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                     SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                                   18.04.200
Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:                                   22.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

For the control, import/export/transit permits Department for the Environment
and information relating to transboundary Federal Secretariat for Labour, Health and
movement of hazardous and other wastes and          Social Care
for hazardous waste management:                Federal Building I, 11070 Belgrade
                                               tel: (381-11) 14-2564
        Department for the Environment         fax: (381-11) 14-2564
        Federal Secretariat for Labour, Health e-mail: gocap@hera.smrnzs.sv.gov.yu
and Social Care                                web site: www.gov.yu (under construction)
Federal Building I, 11070 Belgrade
tel: (381-11) 14-2564
fax: (381-11) 14-2564
e-mail: gocap@hera.smrnzs.sv.gov.yu
web site: www.gov.yu (under construction)

For the designation of the national label for
waste, characterization of wastes and list of
wastes
Laboratory for Waste Characterization
City Public Health Institute Beograd
29. novembra 54a, 11000 Beograd
tel: (381-11) 323-8230
fax: (381-11) 323-8230 and 322-7828
e-mail: labwaste@yubc.net


National            The definition of waste and hazardous waste used for the purpose of
Definition          transboundary movements are given in the Rule on Import, Export and
                    Transit of Wastes in the FR of Yugoslavia (1999), based on the Law on the
                    Basis of the Environmental Protection.
                    There are two National lists of wastes with national label/code, harmonized
                    with BC annexes and EU / OECD lists, with a few additions. These are (i)
                    List of Hazardous wastes, and (ii) List of non-hazardous wastes (not
                    exhibiting hazardous characteristics). The wastes from both lists are subject
                    to transboundary movement permission and control.

                                                337
Serbia and Montenegro regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous
that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be
controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1
(1)b. These wastes are:
1. National waste code: W59-2-00000-Y45 - Used equipments and goods
(including refrigerators, packaging material, barrels, containers and transport
vehicles) which contain, or include or contaminated with
chlorofluorocarbons (refrigerate fluids, isolation, etc);
2. National waste code: W59-3-00000-000 - Used fluorescent tubes, lamps
and similar;
3. National waste code: W62-2-00000-Y45 - Used equipments and goods
(including fire fighter instruments and appliances, packaging materials,
barrels, containers and transport vehicles) which contain, or include or
contaminated with halons;
4. National waste code: W92-1-00000-000 - Every single contingent which
contain medicines, chemicals, pharmaceutics and similar, and different
products, with expired date for usage for declared purpose;
5. National waste code: W92-2-00000-000 - Used goods importing in the big
quantities, which will be the problem for the environmentally sound
management in country when become the waste after the declared usage due
date (used tires and similar);
6. National waste code: W92-3-00000-000 - Used and old equipments, units
and materials for waste treatment and waste final disposal, as well as their
parts and residual materials from treatment;
7. National waste code: W92-4-00000-000 - Mixtures of wastes and mixed
different waste streams with not in details defined properties; and
8. National waste code: W92-5-00000-000 - Wastes with radioactive
characteristics, only in case if there are not covered with different existing
set of regulations for radioactive wastes.
In addition to wastes listed in the List of hazardous wastes, the wastes in the
List of non-hazardous wastes (not exhibiting hazardous characteristics) are
subject to transboundary movement permission and control. List of non-
hazardous wastes consists of 201 wastes (waste streams and/or constituents)
mainly covering Annex IX wastes of the Basel Convention and wastes from
EU Green List with a few additions which are listed below:
1. National waste code: W265-2-00000-00000 - Residual cooking oils not
exhibiting hazardous characteristics, and could be used for purposes other
than human and animal consumption;
2. National waste code: W276-00000-000 - Packaging material imported in
big quantities; and
3. National waste code: W277-00000-A/B - All other wastes included in
actual Lists A and B of the Basel Convention, which are not specified on the
other place.
                            338
 Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                   and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                   Quantities
                                                                                   (in metric
                                                                                   tonnes)
      Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               No data
                          Total amount of other wastes generated                   No data
      Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              4 147 1)
      Movement            exported
                          Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes         No import
                          imported
*      Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**     Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)     Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45)
exported.



 Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
 Transboundary The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been
                 implemented in Serbia and Montenegro. The ratification process is in
 Movement
                      progress.

                      Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                      Serbia and Montenegro restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other
                      wastes for final disposal and for recovery. The restriction is in accordance
                      with the provisions of the Basel Convention and its Ban amendment.

                      Restrictions on import for final disposal
                      Serbia and Montenegro prohibits the import of hazardous waste for the
                      purpose of temporary or permanent disposal in its territory. The relevant
                      legislations are:
                      - The Law on Transport of Dangerous Substances (“Off.Gazette SFRY”,
                        No. 27/90 and 45/90);
                      - The Federal Law on Foreign Trade (“Off.Gazette FRY”, No.46/92, 16/93
                        and 24/94);
                      - The Federal Customs Act (“Off.Gazette FRY”, No.45/92);
                      - The Law on Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia (“Off.Herald
                        RS”, No.66/91); and
                      - The Law on Environment of Republic of Montenegro (“Off. Gazette
                        RCG”, No.12/96).
                      The restriction covers all countries.




                                                  339
                 Restrictions on import for recovery
                 Serbia and Montenegro restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other
                 wastes for recovery. The Rules on Import, Export and Transit of Wastes in
                 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (“Off.Gazette FRY”, No.69/99) based on
                 the Federal Law on the Basis of the Environmental Protection (“Off.Gazette
                 FRY”, No. 24/98) regulates the transboundary movements of hazardous
                 wastes and other wastes (import of non-hazardous wastes for recovery). Each
                 case of import is subject to the approval and issuance of permits by the
                 competent authority. Environmentally sound waste disposal is the condition
                 required for issuance of the permit.

                 Restrictions on transit
                 Serbia and Montenegro restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other
                 wastes through its territory. The Rules on Import, Export and Transit of
                 Wastes in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (“Off.Gazette FRY”,
                 No.69/99) based on the Federal Law on the Basis of the Environmental
                 Protection (“Off.Gazette FRY”, No. 24/98) regulates the conditions for
                 transit of hazardous and other wastes. Each case of transit is subject to
                 approval and issuance of permit by the Competent Authority.


Reduction        National strategies/policies
and/or           National Strategy for Hazardous Waste Management was formulated within
                 Environmental Policy Act (1993). The Resolution on the Policy of the
Elimination of   Environmental Protection in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Hazardous        (“Off.Gazette FRY”, No.31/93) has been designed as a specific, unified and
Waste            long-term programme and as a component of the integral economic system
Generation       of the Serbia and Montenegro. The principal goals of the policy in the field
                 of the cleaner production and waste minimization are as follows:
                 - to reduce waste generation;
                 - use of wastes in technological processes and other natural processes;
                 - use of wastes for generation of energy;
                 - to introduce low waste materials technology and recycling of wastes in
                    interconnected industrial production;
                 - to introduce programmes for the enhancement of production along with
                    the reduction of energy consumption;
                 - to give importance to preventive approach by reducing quantities for final
                    disposal either through prevention of waste (by “clean technologies and
                    lengthening the life time of products and deviance treatments of waste) or
                    by the re-use (recycling); and
                 - to implement the principle “polluter pays”.

                 Under the Programme of Integral Environmental Protection and Promotion
                 (Programme 1) Serbia and Montenegro shall ensure conditions for the
                 implementation of the policy through the measures and activities which
                 make it necessary to promote technological measures and interdisciplinary
                 scientific research; introduce economic instruments in the field of the
                 environment; provide an integral system of environmental protection; build
                 an institutional framework; and establish an integrated information system at
                 the national level.

                                           340
The Programme of management of wastes, hazardous materials and
chemicals (Programme, 10) will implement the policy. To ensure the
necessary conditions for the implementation of this policy a series of
measures and activities will be undertaken in the following areas:
- adoption of long-term programmes for reducing specific and hazardous
   waste per unit of product, energy and service;
- adoption of long-term programmes for reduction of solid wastes
   generation and its utilization; and
- introduction of technologies generating small quantities of waste and the
   recycling of industrial wastes.
On the basis of preliminary inventory of hazardous wastes (data from 1994)
National Strategy for Wastes on Republic of Serbia level was prepared in
1998 (but not officially adopted).
Hazardous waste management in Serbia and Montenegro, as the consequence
of war, is to be treated as a humanitarian issue and hazardous waste issue is
one of the priorities. For complete reintegration of the country in
international bodies and activities there is an urgent need to redesign/update
National Hazardous Waste Action Plan and System (as recommended by
Federal Government Conclusion from April 2000 and UNEP/Balkan Unit
Technical Hazardous Waste Mission to country in November 2000).

Legislation, regulations and guidelines
Federal Level
- The Law on Confirmation of Basel Convention, adopted by Federal
  Parliament at 24th December 1999 - “Off.Gazette FRY”, International
  Agreements, No.2/990;
- The Law on the Basis of the Environmental Protection (“Off.Gazette
  FRY”, No.24/98) is the framework for waste management in compliance
  with UN and EU. Federal ministry prescribes the conditions of
  transboundary movement of hazardous and other wastes and control
  movement of wastes through the territory of FR Yugoslavia (Article 26);
- The Rules on Import, Export and Transit of Wastes in the FR of
  Yugoslavia (“Off.Gazette FRY”, No.69/99), based on the Law on the
  Basis of the Environmental Protection, regulate the transboundary
  movements of hazardous and other wastes (import, export and transit and
  obligations of the performer of this activity, lists of hazardous and other
  wastes, harmonized with BC annexes and EU/OECD lists, control system
  through the notification procedure and movement document);
- The Law on Foreign Trade (“Off. Gazette FRY”, No. 46/92, 16/93, 29/97,
  59/98, 44/99, 53/99, 73/2000) stipulates that goods may be imported or
  temporarily imported if they meet the conditions stipulated with reference
  to the trade of goods namely for use at the domestic market (Article 10,
  paragraph 1); that the goods are subject to obligatory health, veterinarian,
  ecological and phytopathologic control or quality control and may be
  imported or temporarily imported only if satisfying the indicated
  conditions (Article 10, paragraph 2); that goods cannot be imported or in
  the state where they are produced (Article 10, paragraph 3); the import of
  hazardous waste is prohibited (Article 12, paragraph 6);
                          341
- The Law on Standardization (“Off. Gazette FRY, No. 30/96) stipulates a
  need to enact standards and technical regulations for the protection of
  human life and health and environment (Article 4 and 9). The degree of
  compliance of processes, products and services with technical regulations
  and standards will be checked by enterprises and other legal persons
  authorized to certify processes, products and services, the environment
  protection system and by assessors of quality and environmental
  protection systems, testing products, checking of compliance‟s (Article
  12). The processes, products and services that must be accompanied with
  certificates on compliance are stipulated in the technical or other
  standards. For products and services, the producer, provider of services or
  importer shall obtain a certificate on compliance before the product is put
  on sale, namely before a service is performed (Article 120, paragraphs 4
  and 5). Products are tested solely by authorized laboratories. The
  Yugoslav standards relating to the environment are adopted and applied
  based on the Standardization Law. Law on Standardization (1996)
  stipulates a need to enact standards and technical regulations for the
  protection of human life and health and environment (Art.e 4 and 9).
  These standards are published in the Serbian language, marked JUS ISO
  and are identical with the respective international ISO standards. To date,
  Serbia and Montenegro has publicized 5 of the 7 ISO standards relating to
  the environmental management (ISO 14000). This activity is performed
  by the Federal Standardization Bureau, which is the national organization
  for standardization and represents Serbia and Montenegro in ISO; and
- In the Customs Act (“Off. Gazette FRY”, No. 45/92, 16/93, 50/93, 24/94,
  28/96, 29/97, 59/98) and related regulations, the provisions on customs
  supervision and procedures concerning goods harmful or dangerous for
  the environment are covered.
Pursuant to this legal base, revised standards for industrial air emissions
were approved and revised standards for wastewater discharges and
discharges to soil are still being drafted.
Republican Level
- Law on Environmental Protection (“Off. Herald RS”, No.66/91) stipulates
  that no domestic or imported technology may be applied in the territory of
  Serbia nor any products put to sale unless they meet the stipulated norms
  for the environmental protection and norms of quality, namely if the
  product is prohibited in the country of export (Article 17). The wastes are
  collected, classified, prepared for use as secondary raw materials, treated,
  utilized or temporarily and permanently disposed of in a controlled
  manner and if necessary destroyed (Article 82, paragraph 1). In the
  territory of the Republic any treatment, storage, disposal of radioactive
  and other wastes that have the property of hazardous substances of foreign
  origin is prohibited (Article 82, paragraph 2). Handling of hazardous
  substances in manufacture, use, transport, trade, storage and disposal shall
  be done so as not to endanger human life and health, nor contaminate the
  environment (Article 83, paragraph 1);



                          342
- The Regulations on Criteria for Determining Location and Disposition of
  Waste Materials Deposit Sites Sites (“Off. Herald RS”, No. 54/92), which
  prescribe criteria for determining location and disposition of waste
  materials, according environmental protection objectives;
- The Rules on the Treatment of Wastes having Hazardous Characteristics
  (“Off.Herald RS”, No.12/95) prescribe the treatment of certain categories
  of wastes having properties of hazardous substances and established the
  mandatory accounting of the types and quantities of such substances in
  production, use, transportation, movement, storage, and disposal
  processes. Waste generators have obligation to report the quantity of each
  reportable waste streams/categories generated and transferred, to
  competent authorities. The frequency of reporting is in most cases one
  month. Under development is system of information of transboundary
  waste streams movement, as well as upgraded of existing systems; and
- The Law on Waste Management of the Republic of Serbia (“Off.Herald
  RS”, No.25/96) stipulates handling of waste substances that may be used
  as secondary raw materials, the way of collection, treatment and storage
  (Article 1). Monitoring and controlling the use of secondary raw
  materials, keeping respective records, undertaking protection measures
  will be carried out by special republican organization-Recycling agency
  (Article 6 and 22-24). The Law also governs handling of wastes –
  secondary raw materials (Article 11.17).
- The Law on the Environment (“Off. Gazette RCG”, No.16/96) prohibits
  the application and use of technology, products, semi-products or raw
  material that are forbidden in the country of export or in the country in
  which they are produced; disposal of all types of waste, except at the
  places selected for the purpose (Article 9, paragraph 2 and 6). It restricts
  import of waste substances except upon the permit issued by the Ministry
  in charge of environment protection, for disposal of the wastes having the
  properties of deleterious and hazardous substances at the designated sites
  and upon the preliminary consent of the Ministry (Article 10, paragraph 1
  and 2).
- The Regulation on Criteria for Selection of Localities, Methods and
  Procedures for Depositing Waste Materials (Off. Gazette RCG No.56/00)
  sets out the conditions for selecting both temporary and permanent
  storage sites of waste containing hazardous material. These conditions
  meet standards, including requirements for a protective layer to prevent
  ground water contamination, introduction of a drainage system, special
  geological condition of sites, and keeping storage sites at least one km
  distant from riverbanks and human settlements.

Economic instruments/ initiatives
Economic instruments were initiated in Environmental Policy Act (1993), as
well as in Federal, as well as Republics (Serbia and Montenegro) Laws on
Environmental Protection. However, enforcement is very poor and limited.




                          343
                  Measures taken by industries/waste generators
                  Serbia and Montenegro produces relatively large quantities of different types
                  of waste, which, in view of their quantity or properties, are a threat to the
                  environment. Major generators of hazardous wastes are the chemical, oil,
                  petrochemical, metal, paper, leather and textile and transport industries.
                  Minor generators include car, repair shops, surface metal working shops, dry
                  cleaners, etc. Many wastes have a high content of non-degradable products
                  and chemicals that pollute the environment. Processing technologies are
                  inadequately developed or elaborated.
                  Pressure of staying on international market has forced the raise of the
                  environmental and service standards within industries and municipalities, as
                  well as has increased waste management through promotion of transfers of
                  environmental technologies and cleaner production.
                  However, currently most of the industries/waste generators are dealing with
                  after war clean-up activities, rather than with measures leading to pollution
                  prevention.

                  Others
                  Environmental security, in particular, characterization, safe removal and
                  permanent storing of all categories wastes resulting from war activities is a
                  difficult and expensive process.


Transboundary     The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and
Movement          other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the
                  measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste
Reduction         generation.
Measures


Disposal/         Disposal facilities
Recovery          There are no approved and licensed facilities. Currently available legal
                  options are temporary storage and exporting of hazardous wastes in
Facilities
                  accordance with the provisions of the Basel Convention.
                  Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities
                  Information not available.


Bilateral,        None.
Multilateral or
Regional
Agreements




                                             344
Technical        The available sources are:
Assistance and   - Department for Environment, Federal Secretariat for Labour, Health and
Training           Social Care, Federal Building I, 11070 Belgrade;
Available        - City Public Health Institute, 29. novembra 54a,11000 Belgrade;
                 - Institute for nuclear and other mineral raw materials – ITNMS, Frans
                   D‟Epere 86, 11000 Belgrade.




                                              345
                                     Basel Convention
                                    Country Fact Sheet

                                     SINGAPORE


Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:                               02.01.1996 (a)
Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:         Not yet as of 20.11.2002


             Competent Authority                                    Focal Point

Pollution Control Department (PCD)                       International Relations Department
National Environment Agency                      (IRD)
40 Scotts Road #12-00                            40 Scotts Road # 11-00
Environment Building, Singapore 228231           Environment Building, Singapore 228231
tel: (65) 6731-9654                              tel: (65) 6731-9862
fax: (65) 6836-2294                              fax: (65) 6738-4468
e-mail: rohaya_saharom@nea.gov.sg                e-mail: Colin_SNG@env.gov.sg
website: www.nea.gov.sg




National             Under the Hazardous Waste (control of export, import and transit) Act
Definition           (HWA) “waste” means a substance or object that is proposed to be disposed
                     of; disposed of; or required by any written law to be disposed of.
                     Under the Hazardous Waste (control of export, import and transit) Act
                     (HWA) “hazardous waste” means waste prescribed by any regulation made
                     under this Act, where the waste has any of the characteristics mentioned in
                     Annex III to the Basel Convention; or waste that belongs to any category
                     contained in Annex I to the Basel Convention, unless it does not possess any
                     of the characteristics contained in Annex III of the Convention.
                     There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by
                     national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel
                     Convention.
                     PVC waste requires special consideration when subjected to transboundary
                     movement. Import of PVC scrap and waste require Pollution Control
                     Department‟s prior informed consent. This control is in force while awaiting
                     its classification into either Annex VIII or Annex IX of the Basel
                     Convention.



                                               346
Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes**
                  and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)
                                                                                     Quantities
                                                                                     (in metric
                                                                                     tonnes)
        Generation          Total amount of hazardous wastes generated               121 500 1)
                            Total amount of other wastes generated                   2 797 000
        Transboundary Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes              19 548
        Movement            exported
                            Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes          No import
                            imported
*        Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.
**       Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.
***      Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).
1)       Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-
Y45).



Restrictions on Amendment to the Basel Convention
Transboundary The Amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been
                implemented in the country‟s legislation. However, Singapore does not allow
Movement
                        the import of hazardous wastes from OECD countries.

                        Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
                        Singapore restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Hazardous Waste
                        (Control of Export, Import or Transit) Act (HWA), which entered into force
                        in May 1998. The exporter needs to obtain a Basel export permit from
                        Pollution Control Department prior to the export.

                        Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery
                        Singapore restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final
                        disposal and for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Hazardous Waste
                        (Control of Export, Import or Transit) Act (HWA), which entered into force
                        in May 1998. Singapore does not allow the import of hazardous wastes for
                        final disposal. The import of hazardous wastes for recovery is granted on a
                        case-by-case basis. The importer needs to obtain a Basel import permit from
                        Pollution Control Department prior to the import.

                        Restrictions on transit
                        Singapore restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The
                        relevant legislation is the Hazardous Waste (Control of Export, Import or
                        Transit) Act (HWA), which entered into for