Open Questions 1-21
Q1 - Name 4 main safety checks you would make before loading or unloading a flat bed or
1. Engine Off. 2. Parking (Hand) Brake Applied.
3. Ignition Keys Removed. 4. Wheels Chocked (Wedged) in Necessary.
5. Condition of lorry bed 6. Enough space to load safely
Q2 - Give 3 reasons why it is important to carry loads up to the heel of the forks.
To keep the load centre as far back as possible to Keep the truck and its load as short as possible for
1. maintain truck stability.
2. confined spaces.
Maintain load stability against the fork arms and
Q3 - Give 4 reasons why a lift truck can tip over sideways – lateral instability.
1. Turning To Fast. 2. Unbalanced/Off set/Uneven load.
3. Turning With Raised Forks/Mast. 4. Hitting A Pavement Kerb or Pothole.
5. Turning on a Hill/Slope/Incline. 6. Forks not evenly spaced.
7. Turning on a Loading Bay/Ramp. 8. Live Load.
9. Sideshift not centred. 10. Side sloping ground
Q4 - A trucks rated capacity is 1800kg at 500mm load centre (LC).
You have a load of 33 bags weighing 50kg each and a pallet weighing 30kg. The pallet measures
1200x1000mm. Can you safely handle this pallet heeled up in either direction?
1. 500mm – Yes. 2. 600mm – No.
Total load = 1650 +30=1680kg at 500mm load centre. The truck can lift the load at 500mm load centre, but taking into
account the additional 100mm load centre, the truck cannot handle the pallet at that longer load centre.
Q5 - Give 4 examples where it is not recommended to park an industrial truck.
1. Fire Exits 7. On A Slope, Ramp, Incline.
2. Fire Extinguishers/Fire fighting equipment 8. Workways
3. Blind Corners 9. Pedestrian Walkways (Yellow Brick Roads)
4. Middle Of Aisle 10. Doorways
5. Loading Bay 11. Electricity Boards/Switches
6. Station: First Aid, Eye Wash etc. 12. Generally, In The Way Of Others
13. Ground surface: wet, muddy or soft.
Q6 - What changes in ground surfaces can you expect to find, and, what can you do about it?
1a Spillage: Oil, Grease, Paint, ect. 1b Cover with sand/sawdust.
2a Pot Holes. 2b Place cone on to warn others.
3a Railway Lines/ Drainage Gullies, etc. 3b Drive over slowly and diagonally.
4a Rubbish. 4b Clean-up.
5a Ground Surface: Wet, Dry, Icy, Etc. 5b Drive over slowly and watch for changes.
Q7 - Give 4 examples which could cause a lift truck to tip forwards – longitudinal instability.
1. Too much weight. 2. Heavy braking.
3. Extended load centre. 4. Jerky hydraulics.
5. Load not heeled-up. 6.. Too much forward tilt at height.
7. Live load. 8. Hard acceleration in reverse with a load.
9. Forks under adjacent load. 10. Forks facing wrong way on a slope loaded.
Q8 - In relation to a truck’s capacity, which 3 items of information must be printed on a truck’s
Maximum stacking height in millimetres.
1. Maximum weight in kilograms. 2. (Imperial units are acceptable).
Load centre in millimetres.
3. (Imperial units are acceptable).
Q9 - What 4 Checks Must You Make To A Load Before Picking It Up?
1. Weight 2. Live Load (Liquid, Sand, etc.)
3. Load Centre 4. Pallet Condition
5. Evenly Balanced 6. Safely Secured
7. Height Picking up/Placing.
Q10 – State 8 pre-use checks you must make to a lift truck before commencing work.
1. Fork arms/Carriage plate/Back rest extension 2. Mast/Mast rollers & slides
3. Lift chains & pulleys 4. Hydraulics
5. Wheels & Tyres 6. External condition
7. Operating position & seat 8. Starting Procedure: Gas/Engine/Electric
9. Electrics: Lights, Horn, Gauges, etc. !0. Hydraulics
11. Driving, Braking & steering.
Q11 - The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974, gives 4 responsibilities/duties of operators
and employees. What are they?
1. Duty of safety to themselves. 2. Duty of safety to others.
Not to interfere, misuse, abuse, be reckless or
3. modify anything provided for health and safety or 4. Cooperate with management on aspects of safety.
Q12 – Name 4 precautions to be considered by an operator prior to fitting an attachment to a lift
1. The effect on the rated capacity 2. Are the truck & attachment compatible.
3. Condition of attachment. 4. Operator training
5. Fitting: Electrics and/or hydraulics
Q13 – Give 2 reasons why it is advisable to stop a short distance from the stack.
Discourage pedestrians from walking between forks &
1. Assist with accuracy & Reduce damage 2. load.
Q14 – What precautions must you take while refuelling or recharging a lift truck?
1. Wear correct PPE 2. No naked flames or smoking
3. Follow procedures: Manufacturers & Organisations
Q15 – If in an emergency, you had to park a lift truck on an incline, how would you leave it?
1. Parked correctly: Fork tips touching ground. 2. Gear in neutral
3. Engine switched off & keys removed 4. Parking brake applied.
5. Wheels chocked (wedged)
Q16 – Why must you never drive or operate a truck across an incline?
1. Trucks are not designed to operate on side slopes and there is a strong possibility it will overturn.
Q17 – What precautions must you take if a manned platform is to be fitted to a truck.
Secured to Forks/Carriage Plate, so as not to come
1. loose. 2. Platform meets HSE requirements.
3. Safe method of use agreed, before used. 4. Authorised persons only on platform.
Q18 - Why is it important that loaded pallets are placed tight to one another and against the
headboard when loading a lorry?
To ensure the full load does not move during
1. transport, especially when braking.
2. So that the lorry can carry a full load.
Q19 - What checks should an operator carryout when using a truck fitted with a side shift?
1. Is the rated capacity reduced? 2. Centred before travelling.
3. Is the attachment securely fitted to the truck?
Q20 - How must you approach and negotiate blind corners?
1. Decrease speed. 2. Sound horn, several sort blasts.
3. Drive wide to increase visibility. 4. Drive/Manoeuvre steadily.
Q21 - Why do we always recommend the parking brake must be applied when using any
To ensure the lift truck is stable during the operation The operator can concentrate on the stacking/de-
1. of the controls. 2. stacking operation.
Can use engine speed when controlling the rate of
Multiple Choice Questions (Safety) 1-16
No Question Answer
Who is responsible for checking that the lift truck is in
1. good working order before using?
What position should a lift truck’s mast be in to comply
2. with the manufacturer’s stated lifting capacity?
Vertical with the truck on level ground
Load net weight: is the weight of the load only.
What is the difference between the load net weight
3. and load gross weight? Load gross weight: is the weight of the load plus its
packaging, pallet, etc
What is meant by the term “load centre” as it applies It is the measurement given forward from the front face
4. to lift trucks? of the fork arms to the centre of gravity of the load
The truck’s maximum carrying capacity will be
5. reduced when:
The load centre is increased
Prior to operating a lift truck in the working
6. environment, the operator must have “written The employer
authorisation” issued by:
Enforcement of the Health and Safety at Work Act etc
7. 1974, is the responsibility of:
The Health and Safety Executive and local authorities
The lift truck’s “rated capacity” applies with the mast in
Whose responsibility is it to ensure the safety of
9. pedestrians while operating a lift truck?
The lift truck operator
When driving an unladen truck how should the forks
10. be set?
As low as practicable and tilted back
When sounding the lift truck’s horn at a blind corner
11. you should?
Make several short blasts
Health and Safety legislation places responsibility for
12. safety at work on:
Employees and employers
13. An approved code of practice is: Advice to duty holders on how to comply with legislation
Lift trucks are more likely to turn over sideways when
14. they are:
Unladen and turning sharply
The forks are longer than the pallet and the pallet is
15. Undercutting is used when: adjacent to a wall or another pallet or the pallet cannot
be heeled up immediately
How must the forks be positioned when handling As wide as possible to prevent the load slipping
16. metal stillages? sideways
Multiple Choice Questions (Operational) 1-21
No Question Answer
Stop not more than 150mm (6 inches) from the stack:
What is the recommended way to approach a stack to
1. place or retrieve a load?
apply the parking brake: select neutral, adjust tilt and
raise the forks
In normal circumstances, if the load on the forks
2. obscures your view, you should:
Travel in reverse, looking in the direction of travel
When parking a lift truck, how should the forks be The heels as low as possible with the tips touching the
3. positioned? ground
How much back tilt is required when transporting a Sufficient back tilt to cater for the type of load and
4. palletised load? ground conditions
Before starting to load a rigid flatbed lorry or trailer The lorry engine has stopped, ignition key is removed,
5. from the ground level, the lift truck operator must the parking brake applied and the wheels chocked if
check that: necessary
A lift truck must always be driven across railway lines,
6. drainage gullies, etc:
Slowly, and, if possible, diagonally
When driving a laden truck up an incline the forks
7. should be:
When an unladen truck is being driven on a gradient,
8. the forks/attachment should face downhill. This is to Stability, traction and adhesion
When tilting a load forward at height, why is there an
9. increased risk of the truck tipping?
The load centre will increase
In winter months, loads stacked outside maybe
10. covered in ice and snow, the effect of this is to:
Increase the weight of the load
While operating a lift truck what would you do if you
11. saw some rubbish/dunnage lying in a gangway or Park the truck in a safe place & remove obstruction.
When travelling on slopes where should the load be
12. carried on the forks?
With the load facing uphill and tilted back
Why do you stop the truck approximately 150-200mm To assist with accuracy and discourage people walking
13. (6-8 inches) from the stack before raising the forks? between the forks and the stack
When following another lift truck down an aisle, how
14. many truck lengths clearance do you leave?
The brakes on the truck you are operating seem to be
15. faulty. What are you going to do?
Stop immediately and seek assistance
As a general rule, how should the forks be positioned
16. on the carriage to take a loaded pallet?
Spread so as to take an equal weight on each fork
The safe use of the hydraulic controls requires the
Parking brake applied and transmission in neutral
18. When the load centre is increased: The load carrying capacity is reduced
What is the meaning of “free lift” in connection with lift The distance the forks can be raised before the mast
19. trucks? begins to extend
Transmission engaged, look over both shoulders, hand
20. When preparing to move off the safest procedure is:
brake off, move off slowly.
When carrying a load on level ground, the correct With the forks 100-150mm (4-6inches) off the ground
21. position of the forks is: and tilted back sufficiently to stabilise the load