A Simple Guide to the Basic Responsibilities of VC-Backed Company by guy21


									    A Simple Guide to the
    Basic Responsibilities
VC-Backed Company Directors
    A Simple Guide to the Basic Responsibilities
    of VC-Backed Company Directors
      • An education document resulting from collaboration
        between 22 VC industry leaders who belong to the Working
        Group on Director Accountability and Board Effectiveness

      • Follows
         – “After the Term Sheet: How Venture Boards Influence the
           Success or Failure of Technology Companies” (2003)
         – “Rites of Passage: Managing CEO Transition in Venture-
           Backed Companies” (2006)
         – All three papers are freely available at

      • Highlights the importance of communication and proper
        expectations management as central to a high functioning

    Defining the Board’s Essential Role
      • Maximize shareholder value for all of the company’s

      • Attract, recruit, and retain talented management team and
        board members

      • Mentor, task, and measure the executive team

      • Provide a level of insight, business perspective, and
        expertise that is otherwise unavailable to the company’s
        management team

      • Oversee and promote fiscal, legal, and ethical governance
    Common Characteristics of Effective Private
    Company Boards/Directors

      • Establish a clear and mutual understanding of
        expectations between the directors and the CEO

      • Conduct a formal annual performance evaluation of the

      • Have routine executive sessions among non-management
        board members only

      • Have directors who work as a team and who make
        important contributions outside the boardroom

    Common Characteristics of Effective Private
    Company Boards/Directors (continued)

      • Encourage open/honest communications

      • Resolve differences of opinion constructively and quickly

      • Have directors who are accountable to each other

      • Promote continuing director education about current best

      • Know and understand their responsibilities as directors

    Common Characteristics of Effective Private
    Company Boards/Directors (continued)

      • Are informed when they arrive at the board meeting, know
        the industry, and know the company’s context in it

      • Do not attack the CEO or other board members when
        he/she answers their questions

      • Participate in free and easy communication outside the

      • If appropriate, provide a different perspective as an
        individual member of the group

    Common Characteristics of Ineffective
    Private Company Boards/Directors

      • Fail to communicate – both in and out of the boardroom

      • Suffer from denial – they fail to act and make decisions

      • Fail to reconcile diverging viewpoints

      • Avoid addressing existing conflicts

      • Regularly hold excessively long board meetings (over
        three hours without a strategic planning or other
        extraordinary agenda)

    Common Characteristics of Ineffective Private
    Company Boards/Directors (continued)

      • Allow the use of PDA’s and computers during a board
        meeting for purposes not related to board business

      • Feel compelled to say something and to be heard,
        disregarding whether they are relevant or effective in their

      • Become disengaged because they no longer feel that their
        opinion matters – this could be over a strategic

    Common Characteristics of Ineffective Private
    Company Boards/Directors (continued)

      • Fail to resolve disagreements quickly and constructively

      • Do not maintain regular board meeting attendance

      • Deliver inconsistent messages between the actual meeting
        and their post-meeting behavior – passive-aggressive

      • Succumb to lead investors who discourage constructive
        discussion from the rest of the board

     Minimum Expectations of Board Service for
     Management Directors
       •   Maintain open communications with the Board not only at board
           meetings but whenever pertinent information needs to be

       •   Provide adequate, timely information to enable the board to fulfill
           its duties

       •   Prepare board material to enable in depth discussions on
           requested topics
       •   Respond positively to board input

       •   Deliver both good and bad news promptly and in a direct and
           balanced manner

       •   Engage with non-management directors in between board

     Minimum Expectations of Board Service for
     Independent Directors

       •   Work as a team with fellow board members

       •   Serve as a sounding board for; and in some bases mentor, the

       •   Provide independent perspective and constructive inputs

       •   Chair or participate on board committees that require
           independent directors

       •   Mediate between management and investor directors when
           conflicts of interest arise in financial negotiations and other
           matters and serve as disinterested directors in acting upon such

     Self-Evaluation – Ask Yourself Once a Year
     “How Am I Doing?”

       • In the last year, have you:

           Attended every board meeting?

           Consistently read the material in advance of the

           Consulted with the CEO as needed prior to the meeting
            to make sure you know what will be emphasized on the
            agenda, what help is needed from you specifically, and
            from the board as a whole?

     Self-Evaluation – Ask Yourself Once a Year
     “How Am I Doing?” (continued)

       • In the last year, have you (continued):

           Worked with the company outside of the board on any
            projects and gotten to know the management team and
            other key contributors?

           Communicated with fellow directors as needed
            regarding alignment of interests?

           Contributed positively and at least tried to make a
            difference for this company?

           Established and maintained an effective oversight role?

     Annual Board Peer Review
      • Accountability to each other is a key element of
        achieving a board that is economically and
        strategically aligned

      • How do you do this in a private company?

         – Timing and logistics for implementation
         – Oral Delivery of Evaluation
         – Oral Dissemination of Report from Third Party

     Annual Board Peer Review (continued)
      • What should a peer review questionnaire look

         – Short and effective

         – Create a forum to surface sensitive questions in a non-
           confrontational manner

         – Most important, it should look like an exercise that is
           not a waste of the board’s time

      •   Not every recommendation in “A Simple Guide…” applies to
          every VCBC– stage of development is an important

      •   Personal dynamics will largely determine the extent of harmony
          or dysfunction on your board.

      •   At a minimum, in order to perform adequately as a director, you
          must know your legal obligations and what your colleagues
          expect of you as your business service obligations at the outset
          of your board service.

      •   Great companies need passionate CEO’s, high functioning
          management teams, and empowered boards all working together
          to optimize the outcome for all of the shareholders– this takes
          conscious effort to achieve.


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