Winter Safety Flyer by fjzhangweiqun


									W i n te r S afe t y
       D ay
                        Planning and Preparing
                       for a Trip Into the Winter
                                                             The   10     ESSENTIALS

                                                              1. Map and ompass
                                                              2. Sunglasses, hat w/brim,
                                                                 sunscreen (> SPF 30)
                                                              3. Headlamp with extra
                                                              4. Water and high-caloric
                                                              5. Signaling devices e.g.
                                                                 whistle, mirror,
                                                                 emergency orange
                                                                 flagging for spelling
                                                                 “SOS” in snow
                                                              6. Extra lothing: include
                                                                 waterproof layer, NO
Call or Click Before You Go                                      cotton, also proper
                                                                 footwear for winter
                                                                 activity (insulated, warm,
     AVALANCHE FORECASTS:                                        waterproof)                    7. Firestarter, waterproof
     1-530-587-2158                                              matches, windproof
     WEATHER:                                                 8. Emergency shelter ( arp,                                     pancho, waterproofing a
     ROAD CONDITIONS:                                         9. First Aid Kit
     California:      10.Multi-tool (know what
            1-800-427-7623 in California                         tools are in the tool and
            Call 511 (within Nevada) or                            useful for the outdoors)
            1-877-NV-ROADS (1-877-687-6237) outside Nevada
                                            Checklist for Winter Backcountry Travel
                                                 (not including winter camping)

Inner Layer Clothing:                                                              Repair Equipment:
     Long underwear top and bottoms, NO COTTON                                     Having a prepared repair kit can keep you from getting stranded by your equip-
     2-layer sock system: liners plus heavy socks                                  ment in the backcountry.
     Balaclava-type liner that covers full head, or                                     Everyone:
     Headband (covers ears but allows heat escape off head when active)                            Leatherman or other brand multitool
     Neck gaiter (balaclavas have one “built in”)                                                  Duct tape (wrapped around pole)
     Full head liner (goes under winter hat)                                                        Sewing kit
     Face mask                                                                                     Locator flares or sleeping bag
     Glove liners                                                                       Skiers:
                                                                                                   Binding repair kit
Middle Layer Clothing:                                                                                         Spare binding screws
    Long sleeve polar-fleece shirt and pants                                                                   Posidrive screwdriver bit
    Polar-fleece jacket and/or vest w/pockets                                                                  Wooden golf tees or steel wool, for repairing stripped
                                                                                                                     binding holes
Outer Layer Clothing:                                                                                          Steel wool (also can function as firestarter)
Jacket & pant vents are crucial during active outdoor exercise to prevent sweat/                   Ski pole repair kit: Alumimum flashing and hose clamps for
moisture buildup inside clothing                                                                         fixing broken poles
     Wind/waterproof shell w/waist drawstring, pit zips, side zippers, built in                    Spare binding cable (skis)
           hood                                                                                    Ski tip replacement/repair (skis)
     Wind/waterproof pants w/pockets                                                    Snowshoers:
     Hat w/brim for sunny warm active days                                                         replacement straps for snowshoe bindings
     Winter hat that covers full head (that can fit over head liner)                               ski pole repair kit
     Snow gaiters                                                                       Snowmobilers
     Overgloves or overmitts that fit over glove liners                                            Common parts that fail in the field: drive belt, spark plugs, etc
     Goggles w/clear lens for low light travel                                                     Tools
     Sunglasses (polarized recommended for sun reflection off snow)                                Tow rope
     Waterproof snow boots (for snowshoes)                                                         Snowshoes and poles for each driver and passenger to walk out
                                                                                                         to safety
    Properly sized day pack, backpack, or fanny pack                               Emergency Bivouac Supplies:
    Snowshoes or Telemark/AT skis or Splitboard with climbing skins                    Emergency Bivouac Kit:
    Poles w/powder baskets (wrap duct tape around pole sharts for emergency                     Tarp w/grommets
         use                                                                                    Survival can (close top with duct tape to waterproof) e.g. tin
                                                                                                      tomato can w/bail containing: storm-proof matches & fire
Backpack:                                                                                             starter, wire saw, single-edge razor blade, mylar sleeping
     Topographic map & compass (ability to use them, even in a low visibility                         bag or two large garage bags, 30’ parachute cord, 5-10’
           snowstorm)                                                                                 bailing wire, 20-30’ bright color surveyor tape, candle,
                             NOTE: GPS’s, cell phones, radios are battery oper-                       emergency mirror
                                    ated electronic devices subject to failure esp. in          lightweight compact “space” blanket
                                    winter conditions; they are NOT substitutes for             Headlamp w/spare batteries
                                    proper planning or for a map & compass                      Rescue locator whistle
     High calorie, high energy food                                                             Extra food
     Sunscreen SPF 30+                                                                          Water filter or iodine (if running water is available)
     Lip moisturizer/sunscreen SPF 15+
     2-quarts (min. to prevent dehydration) water in metal or lexan water bottles Recommended Equipment:
     First aid kit including: 4”X4” dressings, roller bandages, band-aids (various         Backpacking stove w/low temperature tolerant fuel
           sizes/types), small ZipLok bags (e.g. snow/ice packs, etc.), large safety       Camera in waterproof case
           pins, nitrile gloves, prescription medicines and nonprescription pain-
           killers, adhesive tape                                                      Additional Reading:
     Moleskin or equivalent for blister prevention and/or treatment                        Allen & Mike’s Really Cool Backcountry Ski Book: Travelling and Camp-
     Nylon rope e.g. parachute cord                                                              ing Skills for
     Paper & writing pen in waterproof container or bag                                                    a Winter Environment
     Cash and personal identification including medical alerts                             Mountaineering: Freedom of the Hills
     Waterproof matches or firestarter                                                     Snow Sense
     Headlamp with spare batteries                                                         Staying alive in Avalanche Terrain
                                                                                           Staying Found
Avalanche Equipment:
Avalanche equipment is only effective when combined with appropriate training
and practice
                 Snow shovel
                 Avalanche probe
                 Avalanche transceiver (turned on and worn at all times in back-
                 Slope inclinator (measures slope angle)
Today’s avalanche hazard rating, weather, snow conditions, and forecast

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