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Matrix 1-Brief and SERAS Qus

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					SERAS Document questions


Section 1:How Much Capacity Should be Provided?


           Should new airport capacity be provided in the South East over the next thirty years and if so how much? What are the main reasons for your answer and how does it
Q1         measure against the environmental ,economic and social objectives of the Government's strategy for sustainble development?

           Should the Government aim to maintaim at least one large hub airport in the South East? Is a second hub plausible and if so should Government seek to promote one, and
Q2         what would it need to do to achieve this?

           Are there any benefits of aviation to passengers, the aviation industry or the wider economy that the Government should aim in particular to secure through its airports
Q3         policy? Are there any drawbacks it should aim to avoid?

           Should the Government Seek to ensure that the potential employment benefits of aviation growth are spread to those people and localities which are most in need of such
Q4         benefits? If so, what should it do to achieve this?

Section 2: Where to provide any new airport capacity?


Q5         To which criteria should the Government attach the most and least weight in reaching decision s about the location of any new capacity, and why?


Q6         What eare the relative merits of these alternative combinations of possible airport development as set out in Chapter 14?


Q7         Giving reasons for your answer, which combinations do you prefer and which do you not favour?


          If you think either Cliffe or Stansted should be developed as a hub airport, should the government take action to ensure such development can be financed and subsequently
Q8        fully utilised and if so what form should any action take?
Other South East Airports
Q9        Should the government encourage the developmetn of smaller airports to meet as much of the demand as they can attract?
Q10       Should support be given for a specialised low cost/freight and maintenance facility at Alconbury?
Q11       If so, what conditions, in broad terms, should be attached to this support?

Q12        What views do you have about the six sites identified in the SERAS study as having the potential to cater for the demand for Business and other General Aviation?
Freight
            How far should the government make specific provision for the air freight sector in its decisions about future airport capacity in the South East? What might this involve in
Q13         practice?
Section 3: Managing the Impacts of Airport Growth
Q14         Are there any specific conditions that you feel should be attached to any or all of the airport options described in Chapters 7-11?
Q15         Are there any impacts reported in the chapters on individual airport options that you consider unacceptable?
Q16         How can local noise and air quality impacts in particular best be reduced, controlled and mitigated?
Noise Controls
Q17         What are your views on the following points on the control of noise impacts:
            *- Do you think that caps on the size of noise contours are the best way to determine a noise limit for an airport? If not, what other limits might you suggest?
            * If you agree with the ocncept of contour caps what size of noise contours might be diesirable and feasible for each option?
            * How do you think a contour map might be regulated and enforced?
Noise mitigation and compensation
Q18         What views do you have on the following possible measures:
            * Should any residential property which suffers an increase in noise of 3dBA or more as a result of any of these options, and which would be exposed to a noise level of
            63dBA daytime or more, be eligible for acoustic insulation?
            *should acoustic insulation for households be extended to other noise- sensitive buildings not normally eligible, such as schools and hospitals, depending on detailed
            circumstances?
            *should those eligible for insultaion be given the choice of either having the insulation work done or acepting a cash payment of an equivalent amount?
            *should assistance with relocation expenses be offered to households subject to very high leverls of noise (such as 69dBA or more)?
            *should offers e made to purchase htose properties which would be subject to both a very high level of noise and a large increase in noise?
            *should cash ompensation be offered to those housedholds suffering a significant increase in noise to a level greater than 57dBA but less than 63dBA and therefore not
            qualifying for insulation?
Night noise
            Do you think that a five yearly review cycle for the night restrictions regime for Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted is appropriate or should some other review cycle be
Q19         considered and, if so what would you suggest? Are specific night noise restrictions needed at any other airport, and if so how should bese be determined?
Access to airports by rail and road
Q20         Are there specific surface access improvements that should be made a condition of any airport option and any that should not be included?
Q21         How should any surface access schemes that are requried for a particualr airport development option be funded?
Matrix 2: Brief Questions and Conceptual Matrices
Brief Questions                                                                                 How to appraise
             How do the proposals support or conflict with the objectives and policies set
     1       out in each of these policy documents?                                        SDF (RPG, RES, RTS)
             What are the impacts and issues that arise at a regional or sub-regional
     2       level from these proposals?                                                        SDF (RPG, RES, RTS)
             Using the Assembly's Sustainable Development Assessment Framework,
     3       how do the different proposals compare?                                            SDF (RPG, RES, RTS)

             How deliverable are the major transport and other infrastructure proposals
     4       within the SERAS package against the regional planning framework?                  Separate Matrix
             In light of this analysis, to identify the relative points (merits) of the proposals
     5       for the South East region.                                                           Written analysis
Other Issues to cover (briefly):
Hub Airport
Smaller Airports (Manston, Luton, Southampton, Bournemouth, Alconbury (in passenger context)).
Forecasting- critique and questions
Good practice in airport development- Manchester, COFAR etc
Influence of other airport proposals in adjacent regions- West/East Midlands, South West


Matrix 2- Figure 1.1: Conceptual Appraisal Process Diagram




                        SERAS Proposals
                        Overall Growth and Airport Options
                                                                                                                                        Consultation
     Sustainable Development Frameork (25
     Objectives)                                                                                                          Outputs
                                                                                                                             Written
         Sustainable Development Framework                                                                                   Analysis         Final Report
         (25 Objectives)


      RPG 9                                                RES                                                        RTS        Deliverability
         RPG 9                                                                            RES                           RTS         Matrix
Matrix 3: Sustainable Development Framework Objectives Ranked Against SEERA Brief Questions

Objectives                                  Criteria
                                                                                              Ranking (based on relevance to SERAS
                                                                                              options and RTP/Atkins brief)5= v.
                                                                                              relevant, 1= not relevant


Social progress which recognises the needs of everyone

1. To ensure that everyone has the          1. Availability of housing:
opportunity of a decent and affordable
home.                                          Affordable
                                               Private Sector
                                            2. Energy efficiency in housing stock                               4
                                            3. Quality of housing stock

                                            4. Fuel poverty


2. To improve the health and well being of 1. Protection of health
the population and reduce inequalities in  2. Health improvement
health.
                                                                                                                3
                                            3. Equity – reducing health inequalities.


3. To reduce poverty and social exclusion   1. Access to income
and close the gap between the most          2. Affordability of services and amenities
disadvantaged communities and the rest.

                                            3. Social inclusion
                                                                                                                4
                                            4. Incidence of poverty

                                            5. Degree of poverty
                                            6. Fuel poverty

4. To stimulate economic revival in Priority 1. Targeting Priority Regeneration Areas
Regeneration Areas.                          (PRAs)

                                            2. Targeting other deprived areas

                                            3. Support for community sector businesses


                                            4. Support for new businesses

                                            5. Support for training
                                                                                                                4
                                            6. Support for education

                                            7. Support through infrastructure (services and
                                            transport)


                                            8. Stakeholder consultation

                                            9. Community involvement

                                            10. Urban renaissance

5. To raise educational achievement levels 1. Availability of education
across the Region and develop
opportunities for everyone to acquire the
skills to find and remain in work.


                                                                                                                2
5. To raise educational achievement levels
across the Region and develop
                                           2. Quality of education opportunities
opportunities for everyone to acquire the
skills to find and remain in work.
                                              3. Availability of training and skills
                                              development.
                                                                                                    2
                                              4. Quality of training and skills development
                                              opportunities
                                              5. Engagement and participation in education,
                                              and/or training and skills development


6. To reduce crime and fear of crime          1. Safety
                                              2. Security
                                              3. Social inclusion
                                              4. Community participation                            1,2

                                              5. Fear of crime
                                              6. Incidence of crime
7. To create and sustain vibrant              1. Access to key services and amenities locally
communities
                                              2. Social inclusion
                                                                                                    2
                                              3. Community participation

                                              4. Accommodate diversity
8. To encourage the development of, and 1. Availability of opportunities for culture,
participation in, cultural, creative and     creativity and sport
sporting activity, and a buoyant sustainable
                                             2. Affordability of opportunities for culture,
tourism sector
                                             creativity and sport
                                              3. Quality of opportunities for culture, creativity   3
                                              and sport

                                              4. Investment in opportunities for culture,
                                              creativity and sport
                                              5. Social inclusion
Effective protection of the environment
9. To improve efficiency in land-use       1. Land re-use
through the re-use of previously developed 2. Building re-use
land and existing buildings, and encourage
urban renaissance                          3. Availability of opportunities for re-use
                                                                                                    4
                                              4. Urban renaissance
                                              5. Sequential approach to the use of land

10. To reduce air pollution and ensure air    1. Reduce air pollution
quality continues to improve                                                                        4
                                              2. Improve air quality
11. To maintain and improve the water         1. Water quality
quality at the Region’s rivers and coast                                                            2

12. To address the causes of climate          1. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
change through reducing emissions of                                                                4,5
greenhouse gases.

13. To conserve and enhance the Region’s 1. Conservation of biodiversity
biodiversity
                                         2. Enhancement of biodiversity




                                                                                                    4
13. To conserve and enhance the Region’s
biodiversity


                                             3. Maintenance of habitats (land management)
                                             of regional and national importance


                                             4. Restoration of habitats of regional and
                                             national importance
                                             5. Creation of habitats of regional and national   4
                                             importance
                                             6. Recreation of habitat of regional and
                                             national importance

                                             7. Quality of habitats of regional and national
                                             importance

                                             8. Impact on Biodiversity Action Plan regional
                                             priority habitats
14. To protect, enhance and encourage        1. Protection of the countryside
enjoyment of the countryside
                                             2. Enhancement of the countryside
                                                                                                3
                                             3. Access to the countryside
                                             4. Enjoyment of the countryside
15. To reduce road traffic and congestion    1. Reduced road traffic (personal and freight)
through reducing the need to travel by car
and improving travel choice

                                                                                                4
15. To reduce road traffic and congestion
through reducing the need to travel by car
and improving travel choice
                                             2. Reduced congestion
                                             3. Increased support for sustainable forms of     4
                                             transport

                                             4. Improved travel choice

                                             5. Reduced need to travel
16. To maintain, enhance and make            1. Maintenance of historic environment and
accessible the historic environment and      assets
assets of the Region.

                                             2. Enhancement of historic environmental and      2,3
                                             assets
                                             3. Access to historic environment and assets

Prudent use of natural resources
17. To achieve sustainable water resource 1. Conservation of water resources
management

                                             2. Efficiency in the use of water resources
                                                                                               3,4

                                             3. Impact of development on water use


18. To reduce the risk of flooding that      1. Improved Flood defences
would be detrimental to public well-being,
                                             2. Improved Flood protection
the economy and the environment.
                                             3. Reduced Flook risk                             2
                                             4. Avoid Flood risk
                                             5. Sustainable drainage
19. To reduce waste generation and           1. Minimise waste production
disposal, and achieve sustainable
management of waste.                         2. Reduce waste disposal
                                                                                               3
                                             3. Sustainable waste management (waste
                                             hierarchy)
20. To increase energy efficiency            1. Increased energy efficiency                    1
21. To increase the proportion of energy  1. Increased availability of renewable energy
generated and consumed in the region from production sources in the region
renewable sources.
                                             2. Increased availability of renewable energy
                                             from sources located outside the region
                                                                                               1

                                             3. Increase in the amount of energy consumed
                                             from renewable sources as a proportion of total
                                             energy use
Maintenance of high and stable levels of economic growth and employment
22. To ensure high and stable levels of      1. Availability of employment opportunities
employment so everyone can benefit from
the economic growth of the Region
                                             2. Quality of employment opportunities
                                                                                           4

                                             3. Social inclusion
                                             4. Flexible working practices
23. To sustain economic growth and           1. Economic growth sustained
competitiveness, and ensure better
                                             2. Economic competitiveness sustained
distribution of economic activity across the
region.                                                                                    5
                                             3. Equity – better distribution of economic
                                             activity across the region


24. To invest to secure our future           1. Investment in economy
prosperity and quality of life               2. Investment in R&D
                                             3. Investment in social capital
                                             4. Equity – better distribution of wealth
                                                                                           4

                                             5. Investment in the existing housing stock


                                             6. Investment in infrastructure
25. To develop the knowledge economy by 1. Encouragement of lower impact activities
focusing on higher value, lower impact
activities
                                        2. Activity in the knowledge economy


                                             3. Growth in the knowledge economy            4


                                             4. Social inclusion – communities, and
                                             community groups
Matrix 4: Sustainable Development Framework Linkages with the RPG and RES

Objectives                                                                 Criteria
                                                                                                                                      Ranking (based on relevance
                                                                                                                                                                          RPG (ranking based on       RES (ranking based on relevance to
                                                                                                                                      to SERAS options and
                                                                                                                                                                          relevance to RPG, 5=v.      RES, 5=v. relevant, 1= not relevant)
                                                                                                                                      RTP/Atkins brief)5= v. relevant,
                                                                                                                                                                         relevant, 1= not relevant)             (new and old!)
                                                                                                                                      1= not relevant

Social progress which recognises the needs of everyone
1. To ensure that everyone has the opportunity of a decent and             1. Availability of housing:
affordable home.
                                                                                Affordable
                                                                                Private Sector
                                                                                                                                                     4                               4                                 2
                                                                           2. Energy efficiency in housing stock
                                                                           3. Quality of housing stock
                                                                           4. Fuel poverty
2. To improve the health and well being of the population and reduce       1. Protection of health
inequalities in health.                                                    2. Health improvement                                                     3                               2                                 2
                                                                           3. Equity – reducing health inequalities.
3. To reduce poverty and social exclusion and close the gap between        1. Access to income
the most disadvantaged communities and the rest.                           2. Affordability of services and amenities
                                                                           3. Social inclusion
                                                                                                                                                     4                               4                                 4
                                                                           4. Incidence of poverty
                                                                           5. Degree of poverty
                                                                           6. Fuel poverty
4. To stimulate economic revival in Priority Regeneration Areas.           1. Targeting Priority Regeneration Areas (PRAs)
                                                                           2. Targeting other deprived areas
                                                                           3. Support for community sector businesses
                                                                           4. Support for new businesses
                                                                           5. Support for training
                                                                                                                                                     4                               4                                 4
                                                                           6. Support for education
                                                                           7. Support through infrastructure (services and
                                                                           transport)
                                                                           8. Stakeholder consultation
                                                                           9. Community involvement
                                                                           10. Urban renaissance
5. To raise educational achievement levels across the Region and           1. Availability of education
develop opportunities for everyone to acquire the skills to find and       2. Quality of education opportunities
remain in work.
                                                                           3. Availability of training and skills development.                       2                               2                                 3
                                                                           4. Quality of training and skills development
                                                                           opportunities
                                                                           5. Engagement and participation in education,
                                                                           and/or training and skills development
6. To reduce crime and fear of crime                                       1. Safety
                                                                           2. Security
                                                                           3. Social inclusion
                                                                                                                                                    1,2                              2                                 2
                                                                           4. Community participation
                                                                           5. Fear of crime
                                                                           6. Incidence of crime
7. To create and sustain vibrant communities                               1. Access to key services and amenities locally
                                                                           2. Social inclusion
                                                                                                                                                     2                               3                                 3
                                                                           3. Community participation
                                                                           4. Accommodate diversity
8. To encourage the development of, and participation in, cultural,        1. Availability of opportunities for culture, creativity
creative and sporting activity, and a buoyant sustainable tourism sector   and sport
                                                                           2. Affordability of opportunities for culture,
                                                                           creativity and sport
                                                                           3. Quality of opportunities for culture, creativity                       3                               3                                 2
                                                                           and sport
                                                                           4. Investment in opportunities for culture, creativity
                                                                           and sport
                                                                           5. Social inclusion
Effective protection of the environment
9. To improve efficiency in land-use through the re-use of previously      1. Land re-use
developed land and existing buildings, and encourage urban                 2. Building re-use
renaissance
                                                                           3. Availability of opportunities for re-use                               4                               4                                 4
                                                                           4. Urban renaissance
                                                                           5. Sequential approach to the use of land
10. To reduce air pollution and ensure air quality continues to improve    1. Reduce air pollution
                                                                                                                                                     4                               4                                 3
                                                                           2. Improve air quality
11. To maintain and improve the water quality at the Region’s rivers and 1. Water quality
coast                                                                                                                                                2                               2

12. To address the causes of climate change through reducing               1. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
emissions of greenhouse gases.                                                                                                                      4,5                              3                                 2

13. To conserve and enhance the Region’s biodiversity                      1. Conservation of biodiversity
                                                                           2. Enhancement of biodiversity
                                                                           3. Maintenance of habitats (land management) of
                                                                           regional and national importance
                                                                           4. Restoration of habitats of regional and national
                                                                           importance                                                                4                               4                                 2
                                                                           5. Creation of habitats of regional and national
                                                                           importance of habitat of regional and national
                                                                           6. Recreation
                                                                           importance
                                                                           7. Quality of habitats of regional and national
                                                                           importance Biodiversity Action Plan regional
                                                                           8. Impact on
                                                                           priority habitats
14. To protect, enhance and encourage enjoyment of the countryside       1. Protection of the countryside
                                                                         2. Enhancement of the countryside
                                                                                                                                3     3   2
                                                                         3. Access to the countryside
                                                                         4. Enjoyment of the countryside
15. To reduce road traffic and congestion through reducing the need to 1. Reduced road traffic (personal and freight)
travel by car and improving travel choice                              2. Reduced congestion
                                                                         3. Increased support for sustainable forms of          4     3   4
                                                                         transport
                                                                         4. Improved travel choice
                                                                         5. Reduced need to travel
16. To maintain, enhance and make accessible the historic environment 1. Maintenance of historic environment and assets
and assets of the Region.                                             2. Enhancement of historic environmental and              2,3   3   3
                                                                      assets
                                                                      3. Access to historic environment and assets
Prudent use of natural resources
17. To achieve sustainable water resource management                     1. Conservation of water resources
                                                                         2. Efficiency in the use of water resources            3,4   3   3
                                                                         3. Impact of development on water use
18. To reduce the risk of flooding that would be detrimental to public   1. Improved Flood defences
well-being, the economy and the environment.                             2. Improved Flood protection
                                                                         3. Reduced Flook risk                                  2     3   3
                                                                         4. Avoid Flood risk
                                                                         5. Sustainable drainage
19. To reduce waste generation and disposal, and achieve sustainable 1. Minimise waste production
management of waste.
                                                                     2. Reduce waste disposal                                   3     3   3
                                                                         3. Sustainable waste management (waste
                                                                         hierarchy)
20. To increase energy efficiency                                        1. Increased energy efficiency                         1
21. To increase the proportion of energy generated and consumed in   1. Increased availability of renewable energy
the region from renewable sources.                                   production sources in the region
                                                                     2. Increased availability of renewable energy from         1     3   3
                                                                     sources located outside the region
                                                                     3. Increase in the amount of energy consumed
                                                                     from renewable sources as a proportion of total
Maintenance of high and stable levels of economic growth and employment
22. To ensure high and stable levels of employment so everyone can       1. Availability of employment opportunities
benefit from the economic growth of the Region
                                                                         2. Quality of employment opportunities
                                                                                                                                4     4   4
                                                                         3. Social inclusion
                                                                         4. Flexible working practices
23. To sustain economic growth and competitiveness, and ensure better 1. Economic growth sustained
distribution of economic activity across the region.                  2. Economic competitiveness sustained                     5     4   5
                                                                         3. Equity – better distribution of economic activity
24. To invest to secure our future prosperity and quality of life        across the regioneconomy
                                                                         1. Investment in
                                                                         2. Investment in R&D
                                                                         3. Investment in social capital
                                                                                                                                4     3   4
                                                                         4. Equity – better distribution of wealth
                                                                         5. Investment in the existing housing stock
                                                                         6. Investment in infrastructure
25. To develop the knowledge economy by focusing on higher value,        1. Encouragement of lower impact activities
lower impact activities
                                                                         2. Activity in the knowledge economy
                                                                         3. Growth in the knowledge economy                     4     3   4
                                                                         4. Social inclusion – communities, and community
                                                                         groups
Matrix 5: Regional Transport Strategy and SERAS
                                                                Compatibility With Draft RTS Vision
                                                                              Options
                                         Heathrow                             Stansted                               Cliffe




Does it assist the socially   Should deliver increased PT         Should be knock-on benefits of Could prove to be catalyst for
excluded                      and so mean improvement for         improved bus and rail services Crossrail linkages in North
                              non car available families.         for employees, particularly in Kent.
                              Could increase 'severance' of       semi rural communities
                              village communities                 surrounding the airport.
                              surrounding the airport.
Improve linkages to the       Should deliver Airtrack links to    May require more than West            International and Domestic
London and other regions      Waterloo. Large question over       Anglia Route Modernisation,           passenger services on CTRL
                              whether there is sufficient         possibly entirely new rail link. If   will be at full service levels by
                              platform space and who will         so could drive improvement of         2007. Cliffe may mean the
                              'inherit' Eurostar terminal.        regional connections through to       substitution of some domestic
                                                                  East Anglia                           services or the requirement for
                                                                                                        new line. St Pancras will find it
                                                                                                        difficult to deal with additional
                                                                                                        passengers.
Support Gateway Role and Strengthens a West London                Would strengthen ties into            Has potential to act as catalyst
Concentrate on Regional  gateway and provides a PT                London but would require              for Multi Modal Lower Thames
Hubs                     hub but would create a strong            realistically 'fast' service into     Crossing and to provide
                         need for management on M25 /             London and other regions (to          alternative N - S spine via
                         M4 / M3                                  serve as a regional PT hub)           A130 and A120.
Assist priority sub regions   Growth at Heathrow would add        Provides for the development of       Whilst assisting the Thames
                              to overheating of SW London         Harlow and semi rural areas of        Gateway priority region it could
                              and M4 corridor economies.          Essex and Suffolk. Could also         impact of North Kent
                              Leading to more short orbital       attract employees from Thames         commuters (by overloading
                              movements and increased             Gateway if PT linkages                CTRL domestic services) and
                              traffic pressures.                  improved.                             by severe impacts on A2 / M2 /
                                                                                                        M25 / M26 traffic corridors.
Assist in the development     Likely to increase pressure for Could be a strong influence on            Major development catalyst in
of Urban regions              new West of London              growth in Harlow and Thames               Thames Gateway. Likely to
                              development                     Gateway (assuming transport               cause 'highway' overload in
                                                              links are provided).                      M25 / A2 / M2 areas.
Strengthens / weakens use Given congested location likely Likely to be more 'car                        Given congested location
of the car                   to foster switch of PT access to orientated' in early stages, will         likely to foster switch of PT
                             airport                          require significant railway               access to airport
                                                              improvements to remove
                                                              'stigma' of being perceived as a
                                                              long way from London
Reduce environmental         Highway network supporting       Stansted is perceived as quite            Airport's location and attraction
impact (of transport         Heathrow likely to become        'car friendly' Improved (quicker)         of road traffic into an area of
system).                     even more congested for more links to London and pricing                   low network density will
                             hours of the day. Possible AQ mechanism could cause switch                 increase environmental
                             black spot.                      to increased rail travel.                 impact.
Create linear traffic growth Background traffic growth will Stansted has the ability to                 Like Heathrow, Cliffe will have
                             be directly linked to growth in absorb traffic directly related to         extreme difficulties with traffic
                             airport activity. This will be   growth in airport activity. Will          generation unless substantial
                             capped to a certain degree by require quite draconian                      additional highway capacity
                             available West London orbital measures to maintain / reverse               made available.
                             and radial routes.               traffic growth.
Provide regional transport    Assists in providing for SW         M11 / A120 / A130                Delivery of Lower Thames
'building blocks'             quadrant orbital rail               improvements would assist        Crossing and a new rail route
                              movements but little else.          region as would further rail     into London could create
                                                                  upgrades / new line.             alternative to M25 and M11 /
                                                                                                   A1 corridors
Assist in the Invest and      Would do little to spur             Would draw investment into rail If successful the new airport
Manage Strategy               investment in the region's          initiatives (an absolute         would require significant
                              infrastructure outside Airtrack     requirement if Stansted is to    infrastructure investment. New
                              (difficult to deliver). Most        loose its 'remote from London' rail link to London and multi
                              investment immediately 'on          tag. Would assist in providing   modal Lower Thames
                              airport'                            improved links in A130 corridor. Crossing likely to be a
                                                                                                   necessity.
REGIONAL ECONOMIC STRATEGY - PACKAGE APPRAISAL
                                                                     Maximum                                       Heathrow +1
                                                         Base Case   Use       Heathrow +1 Stansted +1 Stansted +2 Stansted +1
SMART BUSINESSES

Enterprise – to accelerate new business start-ups
and improve the survival rate of young companies
Innovation – to enable existing businesses to adapt,
prosper and grow

Regulation – to ensure appropriate regulation which
is not unduly burdensome (especially regarding
SMEs) in either its substance or implementation

Business Investment – to support business
development through mobilising private investment
Employment and Skills – to ensure a healthy labour
market supports business success
Infrastructure Investment – to ensure that housing,
communications and transport infrastructures
underpin business success
SMART PEOPLE

Build skills for prosperity – to underpin productivity
improvements, adaptability to change, sector
development and increased entrepreneurship

Maximise participation in prosperity – to create
labour market equity and balance across the region
Stimulate learning – encouraging non-learners to
learn and to make informed choices about learning
and employment opportunities

Promote social dialogue – anticipating and preparing
for change in the workplace, and identifying best
practice in achieving work – life balance

Support a sustainable supply of labour – ensuring
that housing, communications and transport support
the functioning of a healthy labour market
SMART COMMUNITIES
Enable community participation and local leadership
–
Make towns and cities work – securing an urban
renaissance across the region
Release the potential of deprived communities –
raising the overall performance of the region by
supporting the sustained engagement of all
communities

Connect diversity with prosperity – harnessing the
creativity and innovation of the South East’s diverse
communities and promote good equalities practices
Support the development of sound community
infrastructures and services – recognising the links
between economic prosperity, health and community
safety
SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
Housing – encouraging innovation and good practice
within the region and elsewhere to create
accommodation which meets the needs of all of our
citizens
Transport – ensure the region’s transport network
supports the national economy, and secure a
sustainable transport network reflecting regional
economic priorities
Broadband – to be further defined

Brownfield Land – reclaim and reuse brownfield land
to support sustainable, cohesive communities
SMART USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Secure sustainable land management – to provide
the basis for a more prosperous future for the land-
based sector
Promote biodiversity – to be further defined
Achieve sustainable management of water and
waste – to underpin economic prosperity

Contribute to a reduction in greenhouse gas
emissions – through improved energy efficiency and
increased use of renewable energy sources
Heathrow +1             Cliffe (4
Stansted +2 Stansted +3 runways)
Matrix 7: RPG 9 Policy Framework and linkages with
SERAS Airport Options
                                                                                                                                                    Corresponding SE RTS
                                                                                                                                                    Sustainability Appraisal
RPG Chapters                                                                            Impact of SERAS Options on policy aim                       Objectives



CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION



CHAPTER 2: CONTEXT


CHAPTER 3: VISION AND KEY DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES (for
information, see corresponding policies below)


1)"Urban areas should become the main focus for development through making
them more attractive, accessible, and better to attract investment."
2) "Greenfield Development (namely, on previously undeveloped land) should
normally take place only after other alternatives have been considered, and
should have regard to the full environmental, social, and transport costs of
location."

4) "London's World City role and the South East's international connections
should be developed as a basis for the enhancement of the Region's
attractiveness in Europe and the world."
5) "Economic opportunities should be increased by raising skills levels and
reducing disparities in different parts of the Region. In particular, by positive
investment strategies for the Thames Gateway and Priority Areas of Economic
Regeneration (PAERs) to improve the performance of poorer parts of the

6) Sufficient housing, and in particular affordable housing, should be provided
for all who need to live and work in the Region, to encourage social inclusion
and avoid pressure for housing in adjoining regions
8) Development should be located and designed to enable more sustainable use
of the Region's natural resources, in the supply of food, water, energy, minerals
and timber, in the effective management of waste, the promotion of renewable
energy sources and to assist in reducing pollution of air, land and water

9)"There should be continued protection and enhancement of the Region's
biodiversity, internationally, and nationally important nature consevertaion areas,
and enhancement of its landscape and built and historic heritage."
11)"Access to jobs, services, leisure and cultural facilities should be less
dependent on longer distance movement and there should be increased ability
to meet normal travel needs through safe walking, cycling and public transport
with reduced reliance on the car; and..."

12) "...Transport investment should support the spatial strategy, maintaining the
existing network, enhancing access as part of more concentrated forms of
development, overcoming bottlenecks and supporting higher capacity and less
polluting modes of transport."

CHAPTER 4: CORE STRATEGY FOR THE REGION (the majority of guidance
on sub-regional areas is reiterated and enlarged upon in Chapter 12 Sub-
Regional Areas - therefore please refer to Chapter 12 summary for guidance on
Sub-Regional Areas




CHAPTER 5: QUALITY OF LIFE IN TOWN AND COUNTRY


RPG has goal of an urban renaissance and the concentration of development in
urban areas
Policy Q1: Urban areas as prime focus for development: "Development                     Heathrow: 230 ha of GB lost with additional housing
plans should (i) concentrate development within the Region's urban areas and            provision likely to lead to further losses; Stansted: 700
seek to achieve at least 60% of all new development in ROSE on previously               ha of high grade agricultural land in GB taken (I new
developed land                                                                          runway, 1200 has of high grade agricultural land (2/3


Policy Q2: seeks to ensure that quality of life in urban areas is raised through        Heathrow, Luton: likely to have adverse effect on
significant improvement to the urban environment.                                       quality of urban environment through noise/congestion
Policy Q3: "Development should be carefully located and designed to make
better use of land and create viable catchment areas for services and
infrastructure. New development, in particular housing, should make more            Cliffe: presence of derelict land nearby, potential for
efficient use of land throughout the region".                                       good transport links. Stansted:
                                                                                    Heathrow, Stansted: possible need for additional health
Policy Q6: Management and Provision of Services: "Health, education and provision, depending on the number of new runways
other social considerations and infrastructure requirements need to be taken into constructed at each airport. Cliffe: probable need for
account fully in development planning throughout the region"                        new health provision
other aims of chapter include: effective management of urban fringe land (Q4), Stansted, Cliffe, Gatwick: might be argued to
ensuring the vitality and viability of town and local centres (Q5), maintaining and undermine quality and character of rural environment,
enhancing the quality and character of the rural environment whilst securing        though might also be argued to secure necessary
necessary change to meet the economic and social needs of local people and          change to meet economic needs of local people.




CHAPTER 6: ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGY AND THE COUNTRYSIDE
Policy E1: Nature Conservation, Landscape and Cultural Value                            Nature Conservation: Heathrow: no impacts assessed
Designations: "priority should be given to protecting areas designated at               by SERAS; Stansted: loss of Elsenham Wood SSSI
international or national level either for their intrinsic nature conservation value,   (with 2/3 new runways); Cliffe: impact upon Thames
their landscape quality or their cultural importance".                                  Estuary and Marshes Special Protection Area

                                                                                        Cliffe: impacts upon SPA/RAMSAR and SSSI/NNR also
                                                                                        harm biodiversity; Stansted: loss of Elsenham Wood
Policy E2: Biodiversity: protection and enhancement of region's biodiversity            SSSI (2/3 runways).
                                                                                   Heathrow: 230 ha of GB lost with additional housing
                                                                                   provision likely to lead to further losses; Stansted: 700
Policy E3: Green Belts: "there is no case for reviewing Green Belt boundaries      ha of high grade agricultural land in GB taken (I new
in the light of this strategy"                                                     runway, 1200 has of high grade agricultural land (2/3
Policy E4: Wider Countryside Including Coastal and River Environment:
"the landscape, wildlife, natural character and built heritage qualities of the    Cliffe: arguably likely to have adverse impacts on
coastal zone should be protected and enhanced, especially those designated as      wildlife and landscape qulaities coastal zone,
a Heritage Coast."                                                                 notwithstanding harm to habitat designations.


Policy E5: Woodlands: Woodland habitats in the region should be increased
whilst protecting the biodiversity and character of existing woodland.            Stansted (2/3 new runways): Elsenham Wood SSSI lost.
                                                                                  All options: contrary to air quality objective. Luton:
Policy E7: Air and Water Quality: Local Authorities should work with the EA       Groundwater risk (airport in area of major aquifer),
and others to play a positive part of in pollution control and encourage measures though can be mitigated with appropriate construction
to improve air quality                                                            techniques.


other policies include: ensuring access to the countryside (E6) and protecting
soil and land quality (policy E8)




CHAPTER 7: THE REGIONAL ECONOMY

Policy RE1: Economic Success and Human Resources: support of regional
economy to ensure it contributes fully to national growth and follows the          All airports: transport infrastructure leads to economic
principles of sustainable development                                              growth
Policy RE2: "Human resource development should be recognised as a central
component in harnessing and promoting future economic success in the Region
and access to job opportunities should be improved for those currently             Cliffe: opportunities for creation of job opportunities in
disadvantaged in the labour market".                                               area of high unemployment.
Policy RE6: Economic Distribution in the Region - Thames Gateway
"priority should be given to securing economic development in the Thames           Cliffe: in accordance with this policy; Stansted: less so,
Gateway in accordance with the guidance and principles set out in RPG 9a or in     but nevertheless probable linkage benefits with East
any review of RPG 9a. To ensure balanced and sustainable development, there        London as a result of new transport infrastructure
                                                                                   Heathrow: no obvious linkages with PAERs. Stansted:
Policy RE7: Economic Distribution in the Region - PAERs: local and                 capable of facilitating regeneration in Harlow and
regional partners should actively support economic regeneration and renewal in     possibly capable of drawing employment from Tendring
the PAERs.                                                                         Coast PAER. Cliffe: significant opportuinity for East
Policy RE8: Economic Distribution in the Region - Western Policy Area:
"…positive strategies should be developed for areas where congestion or labour
or land shortages are constraining economic growth. 'Hotspots' should be
identified and specific policies designed to tackle local problems."

                                                                                Stansted: potential to further develop M11 high-tech
                                                                                corridor; all other aiports: airports often prove attractive
Policy RE9: Business Clusters: encouragement of high value-added activities location for high-tech industry.
Other policies include: encouraging business to adopt principles of sustainable
development (RE4), making better use of employment land resources (RE5),
encouraging economic diversity by facilitating both small and medium            Tourism (RE11): All airport options will have positive
enterprises (RE10), and encouraging tourism, arts and culture (RE11).           effect.




CHAPTER 8: HOUSING
Policy H1: provision should be made for an annual average rate of 39,000 net
additional dwellings between 2001-2006. Figures subject to review before 2006
in light of monitoring and the findings of urban capacity studies. RPG
acknowledges that after 2006 higher targets are likley to be necessary.
                                                                                   Heathrow: scope for additional housing land limited -
                                                                                   30,000 new dwellings would be required by 2015, and
                                                                                   10,000 by 2030 - these figures are additional to RPG
Policy H2: breakdown of target housing annual average rates across counties        provision. Stansted: 44% excessive demand for

                                                                                   Stansted: London-Stansted-Cambridge Sub Regional
Policy H3: figures to be reviewed in the light of monitoring of key indicators,    Study final report published in June 02. This will inform
London Spatial Development Strategy, and studies into capacity of PGAs             the Sub Regional Strategy.



Policy H4: affordable housing
                                                                                   Heathrow, Stansted: likely to have a severely
                                                                                   detrimental effect on the concerned Local Authorities
Policy H5: Housing on Previously Developed Land: Local Authorities should          ability to meet 60% target by virtue of greatly increased
aim to achieve at least 60% of all new housing on previously developed sites.      housing needs; Cliffe, Luton, Gatwick: less of a



CHAPTER 9: REGIONAL TRANSPORT STRATEGY
                                                                                     All airports: Given the environmental implications of
Policy T1: Policies should be developed which minimise the distance people           flying itself, airport expansion is inherently contrary to
need to travel whilst enhancing choice and ease of access to activities, taking      the achievement of this goal. Opportunity to increase
into account the needs of all users.                                                 the proportion of journeys made to airports by


Policy T2: Travel Plans duty on Local Authorities to encourage development of
Travel Plans for all major travel generating activities.

Policy T5: public transport: public transport should be improved to enable it to
compete more effectively with the private car and to increase its share of total
travel.
Policy T8: Airports: "Any surface transport measures necessary to cater for          Surface transport measures seen as necessary by
airport growth either within existing planned limits or for further expansion,       SERAS to make each airport option viable: Heathrow:
should be sustainable. Any further development associated with such airport          Rail: a number of new rail links to serve third terminal,
growth should also be sustainable in nature." Development plans should ensure        in addition to extensions to Heathrow Express and the
                                                                                     Cliffe: Rail: rail links would need to be provided to North
                                                                                     Kent Line and to Channel Tunnel Rail Link offering a
                                                                                     range of regional and airport express services; SERAS
Policy T8: Airports: continued                                                       also assumed a multi-modal Lower Thames Crossing
T9: regional programme of transport investment: regional programme of                a number of the projects which are identified as being
transport investment in support of the spatial strategy should be developed and priorities for investment in the RPG could, when
reviewed.                                                                            implemented, improve access to individual airport
Priorities for investment in transport infrastructure will be expected to: serve the options: Heathrow: RPG identifies Airtrack as being a
Other policies include: maximum car parking standards (T3), promotion of
walking and cycling (T4), promotion of a fully integrated freight distribution
system (T6), and support for sustainable development of seaports and port
facilities.


CHAPTER 10: SUPPLY AND DEVELOPMENT OF OTHER
INFRASTRUCTURE - WATER, WASTE AND ENERGY


Policy INF 1: flood risk: development shoud be guided away from areas at risk        Cliffe: no immediate flood risk, but possible risk to
or likely to be at risk from flooding.                                               surrounding areas due to global warming.
Policy INF 2: The Water Cycle - supply and quality: "new development                 Cliffe: High adverse impacts against all water objectives
should be located and its implementation planned in such a way as to allow for a     except ground water - difficult to meet demands for
sustainable provision of water services and enable timely investment in sewage       water from passengers, even with use of saving
treatment and discharge systems to maintain the appropriatye standard of water       technology - also likely to have some impacts on

Policy INF 4: Energy: In planning the future development of the region and
activities within it, priority should be given to energy conservation and to      All airports: clearly not contributing to the
maximising the use of renewable energy sources as an alternative to fossil fuels. implementation of the policy.


Other policies include: securing management of Region's waste within its own
boundaries (INF 3)


                                                                                     no identifiable implications of any of the airport
CHAPTER 11: MINERALS                                                                 expansion proposals




CHAPTER 12: SUB-REGIONAL AREAS



Thames Gateway:
Thames Gateway: "The regeneration of the Thames Gateway is a regional and            Cliffe: complements regeneration objectives in the
national priority…extensive areas of derelict land, the availability of surplus      Thames Gateway; Stansted: also may provide some
labour and the proximity to Central London, international transport hubs and         benefits for the region if a new railway is built linking the
continental features are some of the factors which combine to make this area a       extended airport to Stratford.

Development should reflect the importance of the River Thames estuary for
biodiversity and recreation and also the associated habitats of international and    Cliffe: not in accordance with the Thames Gateway
national importance. (para 4.12)                                                     strategy in this respect.



Rest of South East (ROSE):
Priority Areas for Economic Regeneration The PAERs in the South East                 Heathrow: no obvious linkages with PAERs. Stansted:
Region are South Hampshire/Southampton/Portsmouth, the Isle of Wight,                capable of facilitating regeneration in Harlow and
Sussex Coast and Towns, East Kent, Harlow, Luton/Dunstable/Houghton Regis            possibly capable of drawing employment from Tendring
and Tendring Coast. RPG states that "all areas identified as PAERs need              Coast PAER. Cliffe: significant opportuinity for East



Western Policy Area
three sub-regional areas within Western Policy Area: the Thames Valley: one of       Heathrow: lead to further intensification of pressure on
most prosperous areas in UK; RPG mentions that linkages to Heathrow                  transport infrastructure and supplies of employment and
encourage business to locate here; transport systems generally good but              housing land, though proposals improved transport links
considerable pressures on the transport network and a need for improved public       to Heathrow probably more advanced than is the case
The Blackwater Valley: encompasses all or parts of administrative districts of       Heathrow: pressure for further residential and
Surrey Heath, Waverley, Guildford, Bracknell Forest, Wokingham, Hart and             commercial development in the area, and on E-W
Rushmoor; relatively close proximity to Heathrow and Gatwick; poor relationship      transport links. Additional housing requirements at
between E-W and N-S rail links; no significant capacity in rail network to serve     Heathrow may necessitate release of GB land.
The Crawley/Gatwick/M23 Area: sub-regional area is centred on Crawley,               Gatwick: As RPG states, will necessitate access
Gatwick and Horley, but influence extends to Horsham, East Grinstead, Redhill        improvements if expansion goes ahead. Potential to
and Reigate, Haywards Heath, the South Coast, and to a lesser extent, London.        source labour from coastal towns (thereby benefiting
"Gatwick Airport is single most important element of region's economy, and is of     PAERs). Gatwick expansion will lead to further demand


Potential Growth Areas: Ashford, London-Stansted-Cambridge sub-region,
Milton Keynes
Ashford: RPG states that has potential, Kent SP policy has long acknowledged
this. Well-located as a nodal point for sub-regional, national and international
communications. Channel Tunnel Rail Link likley to bring further benefits. RPG
recommends that multi-modal study be undertaken.                                     Cliffe: will encourage growth at Ashford
London Stansted Cambridge-sub-region: particular strengths in the high               Stansted: expansion will promote growth in the Sub-
technology, biotechnology and R+D sectors. Stansted mentioned as a catalyst          Region. Significant impact on Green Belt designations
for growth. Good north-south links by road and rail, but east-west links not well-   and on settlement pattern, through need for additional
developed (though A120 improvements programmed). The implications of                 housing.
                                                           Base Case   Maximum Use   Heathrow +1
Helping Businesses to Create Wealth
Enable existing business to adapt, prosper and grow.
Accelerate new business start-ups and improve the
survival rate of young companies.
Increase international business activity and
competitiveness.
Delivering a Skilled and Inclusive Workforce
Improve labour productivity through skills, learning and
the active involvement of the workforce.
Maximise the employability of the current and potential
workforce through employment and skills opportunities.

Promote social dialogue, partnership, job enrichment
and innovation through a culture of participation and
inclusiveness.
Stimulate learning amongst learners and employers by
the effective use of incentives.
Working for an Inclusive Society
Support the sustained engagement, and active
involvement, of urban and rural communities in the
economic regeneration of the Region.
Harness and celebrate the creativity and innovation of
the Region’s diverse urban and rural communities, and
promote good equalities practices.
Revive urban and rural economies through developing
sound infrastructures and services.
Building a Sustainable Future
Transport
Enable the Region to contribute fully to the national
economy.
Sustain growth in areas of economic success.
Release the potential of the currently less economically
successful areas.
Urban Renaissance
Secure the renaissance of urban areas across the
Region, with a special focus on recognised Regional
priorities.
Support the achievement of sustainable, cohesive
communities by maximising the re-use and reclamation
of brownfield land.
Raise standards of urban quality and design in the
South East by promoting innovation and good practice,
raising skill levels and encouraging community
involvement.
Natural Resources
Achieve sustainable management of water resources
and waste.
Contribute to a reduction in emissions of greenhouse
gases from energy use through improving energy
efficiency and increasing the proportion of energy
derived from renewable sources.
Ensure that the highest standards of sustainable
construction are achieved across the South East.
Enable a more prosperous future for the land-based
sector by encouraging fully integrated approaches to
sustainable land management.
                            Heathrow +1   Heathrow +1
Stansted +1   Stansted +2   Stansted +1   Stansted +2   Stansted +3   Cliffe (4 runways)

				
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