Air

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					                         KAZAKHSTAN                          1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Pressure
Emission of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, Nox...),mln.t/year   323.8   335.3   351.0   295.6   302.7   285.5
Carbonic gas - CO2, mln.tn/year                              238.4           274.7           179.4
Methane - CH4, thousand tn/year                              58100           51300           39500
Carbon oxide - CO, thousand tn/year                           800    760      687    566      468    464
Emission of sulfur oxides SO2, thousand tn/year               1500 1471      1422    1404    1135    1133
Emission of nitrogen oxides Nox, thousand tn/year              300   319      310    315      241    233
Consumption of ozone depleting substance, tn-/year                                                   138.7
State
Ambient concentration of air pollutants , mg/cu.m             6.4     6.8     7.2     7.6     8.9     6.3

Particulate matter
Sulphur dioxide - SO2
Nitrogen dioxide - NO2
Nitrogen oxide - NO
Carbon oxide - CO
Greenhouse gas emission per capita, tn                       19,1    18.6    19,1    16.2    14.3    12.6
Response

Expenditures on air pollution abatement (% of GDP)
Participation in treaties and conventions                                             1        1      3

Development of national air quality standards and emission
standarts for stationary as well as mobile sources
1996 1997 1998 1999             2000     2001     2002     2003     2004


246.2   189.6   168.2   140.1   160.0    170.0    178.5    188.8    205.8

                         105     120      125     142.6     150     150.4
                        27000   24000    24500    25700    23000    28100
420     409     360.5   379.7   390.7    375.9     378      394      412
1134    987     983.3   945.5   1080     1208.6   1132.2   1385.4   1492.1
156.6   155     159      151    161.7    178.6    176.1    191.6    196.9
64.9    70.3    61.7    60.2    597.81   361.1     164     70.36    58.18



 4.8     5.8     6.5     5.9     6.5      6.1      6.24     5.79     5.98



                                                           0.018     0.15
                                                           0.043    0.042
                                                                    0.026
                                                            1.8      1.6
16.5    12.8    11.6     9.3     10.9     11.4     11.5     12.6    13.72



                                 0.2      0.3      0.4      0.6      0.4

 3       5       5        5       8        9        9        9        9


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