INTRODUCTION TO NONFICTION 9 CP AUTOBIOGRAPHY An autobiography is a form of nonfiction in which a person relates his/her own life story. It may tell about the person’s whole life or only a part of it. The author’s purpose may be to explain his/her values, to teach lessons about life, to entertain or amuse readers, or any combination of these. BIOGRAPHY A biography is a form of nonfiction in which a writer tells the life story of another person. Biographies have been written about many famous people, historical and contemporary, but they can also be written about “ordinary” people. As with an autobiography, a biography is factual and may be written to express a person’s values, to teach lessons about life, or to entertain/inspire readers. A biography usually emphasizes the causes and effects of a person’s actions. ESSAY An essay is a short nonfiction work about a particular subject. It presents a main idea and supports it with examples, facts, statistics, or anecdotes. A narrative essay tells a true story An expository essay gives information, discusses ideas, or explains a process. Apersuasive essay tries to convince readers to do something or accept the writer’s point of view. A reflective essay presents the writer’s reflections or thoughts on a topic of personal importance INFORMATIONAL TEXT Informational text is writing that provides the knowledge to guide and educate you. Informational texts include magazine and newspaper articles on current topics, as well as instructional manuals and textbooks.
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