An autobiography is a form of nonfiction in which
a person relates his/her own life story. It may tell
about the person’s whole life or only a part of it.
The author’s purpose may be to explain his/her
values, to teach lessons about life, to entertain or
amuse readers, or any combination of these.
A biography is a form of nonfiction in which a
writer tells the life story of another person.
Biographies have been written about many
famous people, historical and contemporary, but
they can also be written about “ordinary” people.
As with an autobiography, a biography is factual
and may be written to express a person’s values,
to teach lessons about life, or to entertain/inspire
readers. A biography usually emphasizes the
causes and effects of a person’s actions.
An essay is a short nonfiction work about a
particular subject. It presents a main idea and
supports it with examples, facts, statistics, or
A narrative essay tells a true story
An expository essay gives information, discusses
ideas, or explains a process.
Apersuasive essay tries to convince readers to do
something or accept the writer’s point of view.
A reflective essay presents the writer’s
reflections or thoughts on a topic of personal
Informational text is writing that provides the
knowledge to guide and educate you.
Informational texts include magazine and
newspaper articles on current topics, as well as
instructional manuals and textbooks.