Coon-Mitterer Introduction to Psychology Gateways to by gks27426

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									Coon-Mitterer Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior11e
Chapter Outlines

Chapter 1

Chapter Outline

      Psychology—Spotlight on Behavior
         Defining Psychology
         Empiricism
         Psychological Research
         Science and Critical Thinking
             Thinking About Behavior
         Research Specialties
         Animals and Psychology
         Psychology’s Goals
             Description
             Understanding
             Prediction
             Control

      A Brief History of Psychology—Psychology’s Family Album
         Into the Lab
         Structuralism
         Functionalism
         Behaviorism
              Radical Behaviorism
              Cognitive Behaviorism
         Gestalt Psychology
         Psychoanalytic Psychology
         Humanistic Psychology

      Psychology Today—Five Views of Behavior
         Positive Psychology
         Summary
         The Impact of Culture
             Cultural Relativity
             A Broader View of Diversity

      Psychologists—Guaranteed Not to Shrink
         Psychologists
         Other Mental Health Professionals
         The Profession of Psychology
             Ethics
         Specialties in Psychology

      Scientific Research—How to Think Like a Psychologist
          The Scientific Method
              Hypothesis Testing
              Operational Definitions
             Clever Hans
             Theories
             Publication
             Summary
            Research Methods

      Naturalistic Observation—Psychology Steps Out!
         Limitations
             The Anthropomorphic Error
         Recording Observations

      Correlational Studies—In Search of the Perfect Relationship
         Correlation Coefficients
             Correlation and Causation
         Relationships in Psychology
             Graphical Data

      The Psychology Experiment—Where Cause Meets Effect
         Variables and Groups
             Experimental Control
             Cause and Effect
         Evaluating Results
             Meta-analysis

      Placebo Effects—Sugar Pills and Saltwater
          Controlling Placebo Effects
          The Experimenter Effect

      The Clinical Method—Data by the Case

      Survey Method—Here, Have a Sample
         Sampling
             Internet Surveys
             Social Desirability
             Summary

Critical Thinking Revisited—Evaluating Claims and Evidence
            A Case Study of Critical Thinking
             Anecdotal Evidence
             Casual Observation
             Authority
             Formal Evidence

      Pseudo-Psychologies—Palms, Planets, and Personality
         Problems in the Stars
             Uncritical Acceptance
             Positive Instances
             The Barnum Effect
Summary—Science and Critical Thinking
Psychology in Action: Psychology in the News—Separating Fact from Fiction
   Suggestion 1: Be Skeptical
   Suggestion 2: Consider the Source of Information
   Suggestion 3: Ask Yourself if There Was a Control Group
   Suggestion 4: Look for Errors in Distinguishing Between Correlation and Causation
   Suggestion 5: Be Sure to Distinguish Between Observation and Inference
           Suggestion 6: Beware of Oversimplifications, Especially Those
           Motivated by Monetary Gain
   Suggestion 7: Remember, “For Example” Is Not Proof
   Summary

								
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