OVERVIEW: First lesson for new users of Musictime software. The lesson will
    introduce the student to the various functions and windows used for
    writing music with this program. This lesson helps meet MENC standards
    #2 and #4 (creating and understanding music).

OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson the student will be able to:

      1. Open Musictime and adjust to MIDI set-up.
      2. Create a new piece of music using a template or a custom set-up.
      3. Change the key signature, time signature and clef sign on a piece of
      4. Compose a simple piece of music by adding notes and rests.
      5. Manipulate existing music by changing notes, rhythms, adding,
         inserting, and deleting measures.
      6. Print or save a simple song.

MATERIALS: Each student or pair of students needs a computer workstation
    with Musictime installed. It is very helpful if the teacher has access to a
    Smart board.

DURATION: One to two class periods.

PRIOR KNOWLEDGE: Student: Basic Windows skills.
                 Teacher: Good working knowledge of Musictime.

PROCEDURE: This lesson should be slow paced!
        Each new skill should be taught using this procedure:
        1. Teacher demonstrates the skill. *
        2. Teacher explains the skill. *
        3. Teacher guides students step by step through the skill.
        4. Teacher explains the skill. *
        5. Students repeat the skill on their own.
        6. Check for understanding before moving on.
         (* Indicates students with hands off computer)

             We will teach Musictime by creating a simple song. The teacher
             will control many elements of this first composition in order to teach
             the skills.

             Step by step:
1. Open Musictime
2. Go to the MIDI menu, select MIDI setup. Make sure the output
    device is your internal synthesizer. Close menu.
3. Look at the desktop. This is the Piano Template. Go to the File
    menu, select NEW, choose single staves. For the selections in
    this window choose: 1 Staff, 2 systems per page, and 4
    measures per system. Click OK.
4. Make sure your cursor is in the first measure. Go to the
    Measures menu. Choose key signature. Change key signature
    to F Major. Make sure you click measures 1 to the END in the
    upper right-hand corner. Click OK.
5. Make sure your cursor is in the first measure. Go to the
    Measures menu. Choose time signature. Change time
    signature to ¾ time. Change back to 4/4. Make sure you click
    measures 1 to the END in the upper right-hand corner. Click
6. Go to the Window menu. Select palette. Look at the palette,
    click through its pages, and familiarize yourself with its contents.
    Return to the CLEFS palette. Choose the bass clef; drag the
    cursor to the clef on the desktop to change it to bass clef.
    Change it back to treble clef.
7. Using the Notes palette, select a quarter note, place it on the
    staff, move it up and down, add a few more. Try adding other
    value notes. Show students how to select a note and change its
    value using the keyboard shortcuts. Have students practice
    using keyboard shortcuts to select rhythms and rests. When
    done experimenting, teach students how to select the staff and
    delete their notes. If doing this lesson in two sessions this is
    a good place to stop.
8. Make sure everyone is still in 4/4 time and in the key of F Major.
    All students will create their own composition using very
    strict guidelines. It is important to have rather strict control of
    some elements during this first lesson, so students will be
    focused on the objectives.
9. All students must use the same rhythm model. Have four
    measures of simple rhythm patterns prepared (shown on
    chalkboard). It is best to use only quarter, half and whole notes.
    Use rhythms to create natural spots for cadences.
10. Have all students start on the note “F” and end on the note “F”.
    Encourage students to create a song with a simple easy to
    follow melody.
11. Students will be working independently during this part of the
    lesson. Encourage them to listen and edit their compositions.
    This is good practice using editing tools.
             12. When Students are finished have them add a title and their
                 names to the composition. You may have them save the
                 compositions to file or print them for grading.
             13. You will find some students will need a lot of time to finish this
                 assignment. Others will finish quickly. Some of the students
                 that finish early can use their extra time to make compositions
                 free of restrictions. This is fun and a better activity than games
                 or Internet.

EVALUATION: During the lesson, monitor student’s understanding of what they
    are doing. This is really what this lesson is about. When the lesson is
    finished you may want to look at the finished compositions to see if the
    students were able to follow the directions and use the program

LINKS: For teachers: MENC Standards : The K-12 National Standards, and What They
      Mean to Music Educators

COMMENTS: After completing this lesson you will be able to use Musictime as a
    tool teach your music theory lessons. The idea here is to give you a place
    to start. This lesson helps meet MENC standards #2 and #4 (creating and
    understanding music).

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