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Butler County
Emergency Management Agency

                 315 High Street
                    Suite 670
               Hamilton, OH 45011

                Fax 513-785-5811
What is EPCRA
 The Emergency Planning
and Community Right-To-
    Know Act of 1986
What brought about the
passage of EPCRA?
   Two chemical release incidents brought about
    mass public attention to chemical hazards in
   Bhopal, India and the release of Methyl
    Isocyanate at a Union Carbide plant where
    4,000 died and tens of thousands injured in
   Institute, WV – same substance, several
    injured later in 1984.
    EPCRA Requires Reporting of Certain
    Chemicals for various purposes.

   Certain substance are reported for their
    extremely hazardous nature and ability to
    rapidly injure or kill living organisms.
   Other substances are reported because of
    their potential to have long tern health
   Industrial toxic emissions are reported to
    inform the public about regular/routine
Our Focus Today Centers on
Emergency/Accidental Releases
   The private and governmental sectors
    both report the presence of certain
    amounts of hazardous substances.
   Forms are submitted to the Ohio State
    Emergency Response Commission
    (SERC), the Butler County Local
    Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC),
    and the local fire department.
Reporting Forms are Analyzed
   When and Extremely Hazardous
    Material Substance (EHS) is identified,
    EPCRA requires that a plan be
The most common EHS’s in
Butler County are:
   Chlorine (gaseous, found in cylinders) –
    used in wastewater plants, water
    treatment facilities, and industrial
   Ammonia – used in industry and for
    refrigeration purposes.
Vulnerable Zones Around Places with
EHS’s are Established
   Computer modeling is used to
    determine the zone of risk if an
    accidental release were to occur of a
    given EHS.
Certain vulnerable features of the
community are documented, including --

 Day Care Centers
 Nursing Homes

 Hospitals

 Schools and Colleges

 Major Employers

 Transportation Facilities
   People should be prepared if
    they live in a vulnerable zone of
    a facility.
   Getting Indoors
   Closing all doors and windows, fireplace
   Place pre-cut plastic sheeting over
    windows, and tape in place.
   Turning off all Heating/Ventilation/Air
    Conditioning (HVAC) Systems.
   Tape cracks and other openings such as
    electrical outlets and cable television outlets
    for extra protection.
   In essence, it involves protecting airspace
    within a building from outside
    Do not call 911 unless you are reporting an
    immediate life-threatening situation.
   Stay indoors until told to evacuate by officials
    information sources (emergency
    management, fire or police).
   Parents are highly discouraged from picking
    up children at school. This has the potential
    of having the adult drive through
    contaminated air. Cars leak more air than to
A Shelter-In-Place Kit can be
developed and should include
   A roll of plastic         A battery-operated
    sheeting, precut to        radio, with extra
    fit any windows in         batteries, tuned to
    the room.                  the local Emergency
   A roll of duct tape.       Alert Station (EAS).
   Bath towels to place      Bottled water and
    under any openings
    in doorways                some sort of snack
    (dampen towels             food.
If you need additional
information contact:
Butler County
Emergency Management Agency
315 High Street
Suite 670
Hamilton, OH 45011

Fax 513-785-5811