A FACILITATOR‟S GUIDE TO

WELCOME! BURNING ISSUES is an interactive multimedia program that explores fires that occur on wildlands.
BURNING ISSUES has been jointly produced by the Bureau of Land Management and the Interactive Media
Science Project at Florida State University in cooperation with Partners in Resource Education, an interagency
group devoted to educating citizens about federally managed natural and cultural resources. The Bureau of Land
Management, along with the National Park Service, the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S.D.A. Forest Service
and the Natural Resource Conservation Service are members. BURNING ISSUES provides opportunities to learn
about the role of fire in ecosystems and how it can be managed, and this step-by-step guide is designed to help
facilitators or other educators introduce the program to their respective audiences.

It is best to load the BURNING ISSUES program on the computers you will be using before your intended audience
arrives. Use the checklist below to help you prepare for your BURNING ISSUES presentation. If in a school
computer lab, make sure you contact the Technology Specialists BEFORE you begin tinkering with the computers!

    o   Each computer must have functional speakers or headphones.

    o   Find out about any passwords you may need to work with each computer.

    o   Load a copy of the BURNING ISSUES CD in each computer.

        HOT TIP- Load all the computers at once if you have enough disks- it‟s a real time saver!

    o   Open CD and open „READ ME‟ File. Make sure the appropriate programs are on the computer.

    o   Open „FLAMES‟ and load on computer.

    o   START BURNING ISSUES and run through INTRO. MOVIE. BRIEFING, AIRFIELD to beginning of any

        HOT TIP- See „TROUBLESHOOTING BURNING ISSUES „if problems occur.

    o   Connect one computer to projector, if possible.

1. ICON OVERVIEW: When you click on the BURNING ISSUES CD you should see a screen similar to the one
   below. This one is on a Mac and the Windows screen is very similar. Begin familiarizing your audience to the
   BURNING ISSUES program by describing the purpose of these files and folders.

   HOT TIP #1: Ask for teams of 2 to 3 people per computer to save on space and speed up introductory process.
   HOT TIP #2: Ask your audience to leave their computers alone and focus on screen, if you are using a projector.
   HOT TIP #3: Begin your presentation with an overview of Project Learning Tree, Bureau of Land Management
               and reasons for BURNING ISSUES.
                                                                                       TELLS YOU ALL YOU
                                                                                       NEED TO LOAD THE
     CLICKING BEGINS                                                                   BURNING ISSUES
     THE BURNING                                                                       PROGRAM ON YOUR
     ISSUES PROGRAM                                                                    COMPUTER

      BACKGROUND                                                                        BACKGROUND INFO.
      INFO. AND GUIDE                                                                   AND ANSWERS FOR
      FOR STUDENTS.                                                                     THE TEACHER.

     THE BASIC                                                                       ALL BURNING ISSUES
     PROGRAMS                                                                        MOVIES & SOUND CLIPS.
     REQUIRED TO                                                                     ALSO CONTAINS „FLAMES‟
     RUN BURNING                                                                     FOLDERS.

2. STARTING THE PROGRAM: Click on the „START‟ icon to begin the program. The program can take several
   seconds to start- be patient! Watch the opening film clip.

   HOT TIP- Remind your audience the movie clips can be skipped after the initial viewing, so students may quickly
              return to a given EcoVenture.

3. NATIONAL INTERAGENCY FIRE CENTER (NIFC): Explain that this place really exists in Boise, Idaho and it
   is from here that fire crews are assigned to battle fires throughout the nation. Use the hallway to demonstrate
   the following features of the BURNING ISSUES program:

        o   PANNING: Hold down the „click‟ button on your mouse or key pad and move your mouse or finger on
            your touch pad in the direction you would like to turn. An arrow will appear on the screen and the view
            on the screen will turn with you. Look around the room… but don‟t spin too fast!

        o   NIFC CONTROL ROOM: This room is where fires are monitored, and you will have a chance to try
            your hand at battling fires once you‟ve finished the BURNING ISSUES Eco Ventures.

        o   FOCUS IN/FOCUS OUT: Use the „SHIFT‟ key to move CLOSER to an object. Use the „CTRL‟ key to
            move AWAY from and object. Use the pictures to test on.

        o   PICTURES/ OBJECTS: Click on a picture to instantly see a close-up. Click on the „BRIEFING ROOM‟
            door to go in.

        o   INSIDE THE “BRIEFING ROOM‟ click on a seat to begin the briefing. Watch the movie and hear the
            assignment. Explain the specific assignment for this session.

             HOT TIP #1 -The easiest Eco Venture to manipulate is Ponderosa Pine, then Chaparral and Southern
                         Pine. Shrub-Steppe is the most difficult to use in a workshop.
             HOT TIP #2- The „CHAPARRAL‟ Eco Venture can be completed in less than 45 minutes.
4. THE AIRFIELD: This is where all Eco Ventures begin. Pan the full 360 degrees and describe where each
   vehicle will take you. You can return to the inside hallway of NIFC by clicking on the building.

5. ECOVENTURES: Students work through a series of EcoVentures to explore the wildland fire issues in the
   United States. Each EcoVenture allows students to learn the role fire plays in four ecosystems, how different
   species have adapted to fire, and the role of humans within this complex web of relationships.

6. RESOURCES: This section contains information on mammals, plants, birds, insects, and reptiles and
   amphibians are available for use during the EcoVentures. In addition, students can find a photo glossary of fire
   terminology and at least one Consultant to assist them with each EcoVenture.

Open one EcoVenture to familiarize your audience with using the controls to explore the ecosystem and using the
resources to prepare themselves for the EcoVenture. Demonstrate the use of the Resource guides and
Consultant(s) for the EcoVenture you have chosen to highlight.

  This EcoVenture introduces students to several types of fire suppression techniques information on various fire
  suppression related jobs. The introduction gives students a chance to discover common flora and fauna found in
  Ponderosa Pine ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountain ranges. Encourage users to “click”
  around the screen. There is video, print and animations located on this EcoVenture although they are not
  immediately obvious. Explore and learn.

  This EcoVenture studies the issues of the “Urban Interface” or “I- Zone” - the region where urban areas
  intermingle with natural communities. It highlights the explosive mix of urban neighborhoods in fire-dependant
  chaparral ecosystem in Southern California. Students can explore the unique fire adaptations of species found in
  the chaparral.

   HOT TIP #1 -The highest survivability scoring for lots is 30. They (2) are located near the middle of the screen,
               on roads that have more than one exit so fire equipment have less chance of being trapped. Both
               lots are near utilities and are flat enabling fire fighters and equipment to move easier.

   HOT TIP #2 - The highest combination of scores is 43 survivability points. The best combination is tile roof,
               stucco siding, shuttered windows and plants set away from the house at least 10 meters.

   The science of behind the use of prescribed fires is highlighted in this EcoVenture. Students explore the pine
   ecosystem of the South and have a chance to try their hand at managing a prescribed burn- all from the safety
   of a computer screen!

   HOT TIP #1- There is only one setting that will give you the correct results for the opening activity - summer, low
               moisture and low wind.

   HOT TIP #2- When you move forward to the next section you will get one of eight randomly generated weeks of
               fire situations. It is important to complete the week you are working on because if you go out of the
               activity and start over you have only one chance in eight of getting the set of data with which you
               started. The week starts on a Monday and all of these have different data points so a week can be
               identified by the Monday settings. There are two days in a week where the environmental
               conditions are OK for a burn but one of these two has a social issue to be avoided.

   HOT TIP #3- Be certain to collect data by day and not by instruments. Some users have been observed
               selecting an instrument such as the fuel moisture meter and recording the daily readings for the
               week. On some machines this will cause the program to crash. Instead, select a day, then record
               the data for all the instrument readings for that day.
   HOT TIP #4 - Wind direction is always given as the direction of the source of the wind. A north wind is blowing if
               it is coming from the north not blowing toward the north. The mouth of the windsock will face the
               direction of the source of the wind.

  Students are introduced to the wildlife of the scrub-steppe ecosystem and encounter the issues surrounding
  these creatures, effects of wildfire, and the impacts of invasive, non- native species. Students will simulate
  experiments conducted by wildlife biologists.

   HOT TIP#1 – Alert students that the month selector on the lower part of the screen resets each time after each
              month is selected. Also after the breeding season ends, a fax shows up containing information for
              the months when the prey population is low or unavailable to the predators.

   HOT TIP #2 -Have teams of students share the task of collecting data for the traps to reduce the time setting
               traps and be able to spend more time thinking about the results. Have a team do a month of traps
               for one animal and put the information in a data table on the board or in a spreadsheet. If a
               number of teams do set traps for the same month have the average the results thereby increasing
               the accuracy. This process applies to the jackrabbits because some of the eyes will be missed
               during the count. Averaging the counts will make the numbers more accurate.

The culminating activity, named Flames has a variety of simulated fire incident command situations. FLAMES is
an extremely simplified version of an actual NIFC program used to train fire dispatch and field personnel. Use the
Field Notebook to help your students gain access to this part of the program. Take your time and practice using
one of the lessons. After you have developed a “feel” for the way this part of BURNING ISSUES works, try one of
the Challenges.

The Secret Code for getting into the Incident Command Center is:

HOT TIP #1- You can bypass the hallway altogether to get to the Flames activity. Open the Data Folder and locate
      then open either the FlamesMac or the FlamesPC folder. Then click on the Flames.exe. Click anywhere on
      the opening screen, and then go to File, and choose Open Lesson.

HOT TIP #2- Try them in order of difficulty: Fire 1, 2, 3, 4, Challenge 1, 2, 3, 4. The object is to put out the fire as
      quickly, safely, and inexpensively as possible. This usually means to contain it and allow it to burn itself
      out, with minimum area burned. Don‟t forget to release your crews when they are no longer needed and
      sometimes, letting a fire burn is the best option.
“I can‟t get the program to run or pieces of the images are missing in some or all the

    1. Have you read the “Read Me” file? Most problems starting BURNING ISSUES can be resolved by
       simply following the steps provided in this file located on the very first screen that appears after you have
       clicked on the BURNING ISSUES icon representing the disc. The key pieces of the “Read Me” are the

    2. Have you loaded Quicktime 3.0 or higher? It is required to run BURNING ISSUES. An
       Installer is located in the Quicktime folder on Burning Issues. Windows NT users must install
       Quicktime 4.0 or higher. Visit http://quicktime.apple.com for the latest installer. Both Mac and
       Windows users may get the latest versions of Quicktime by going to the Apple site.

    3. Have you installed Adobe Reader? It is required in order to read the Educator's Guide and the
       Student's Field NoteBook. Most of you will have this if you use the internet, but if you do not
       already have Adobe Reader on your computer, an installer is located in the Adobe Folder on
       Burning Issues.

    4. WINDOWS USERS: The culminating activity in BURNING ISSUES is a simulated fire
       management. For this to function, elements of the program must be installed on the hard drive of
       your computer. This is accomplished by running SETUP.EXE in the flames directory.

        It has this icon.

    5. Run this Setup then start BURNING ISSUES by running START.EXE which is at the top level of
       the CD directory (the one you first see when you double click on the CD). Mac users do not have
       to do any special install for this. When this setup is complete go back to the top level of the CD
       and click on the Start icon.

    6. WINDOWS XP USERS: Windows XP has difficulty with running Windows “Movie-maker”, which is
       required to run the video elements of BURNING ISSUES. Microsoft has posted a free download of
       Movie-maker 2 on their website. Here‟s how to get in and how to use it:

        o   Go to the Microsoft site:
                 http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/search.aspx?displaylang=en&categoryid=4

        o   In the right-hand column, select Windows “Movie-maker 2” for XP and click on it.

        o   You may wish to print the information which comes up. In the upper corner of the right-hand column
            is “downloading”. Click on that and follow the directions which appear on the screen designating
            where you want the file. Suggestion: put it on your desktop.

        o   Once it is downloaded, click on the icon to finish installation. Again, follow the instructions as the
            program gives them to you.

        o   Put in the BURNING ISSUES CD and open the program from the disc, not the Movie-player. Click
            on the disc icon (the start exe file) to run the program.
“I have images but they look strange or the colors are off”.

    1. Download QuickTime from the CD, it won‟t work without it. Some newer operating systems may require that
       you download a newer version of QuickTime from the web.

    2. Try changing the color settings in the control panel under “display” or monitor.

“I can‟t hear anything?”

    1. Does the computer have speakers and/ or headphones? Is the volume turned up/ on?

    2. The sound volume is inconsistent in the beginning presentation in the briefing room.

“I‟ve tried everything listed above and nothing has worked!”

Your disk may be corrupted. Contact http://imsp.fsu.edu or (850) 644-0707 for information on resolving further
issues or requesting a new disk.

“How can I access the images, movie and sound clips without going through the entire

    1. All the movies and sound clips are in the Data Folder. If you want to play a movie or a sound and not go
       through the program to get to it, just open the Data Folder and double click the movie or sound clip of

    2. MacroMedia handles still images differently in than most other programs. The still images cannot be
       accessed without a copy of the MacroMedia program. These images are contained in “Casts” (file suffix
       is cst). If you do access them remember that they may be copyrighted. We have permission to use
       them only on this CD-ROM.

California Revision – 3/05

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